Newspaper Page Text
cluding the native states, and ono
? gate for New Zcaland.
Three Delegates for Brazil
"Brazil will have three dclcgutes.
Belgium, China, Greece, Poland, Por
tugal, tho Czecho-Slovak Republic,
Ruir.aniu and Serbia will havo two
delegates apiece; Siam one dclegate,
and Cuba, Guatemala, Hayti, Hon
duras. I.iberia, Nicaragua and Pan?
ama one delegate apiece.
"Montenegro will have one dele
gate, but tiie rules concerning the
designation of this delegate shall
not be fixed until the moment when
the politieal situation in thia coun?
try shall have been clcarcd up.
"The meeting adopted tho follow?
ing two general prlnciples: 1. Each
delegntion being a unit, the num
il. s form ing it shall
have no influence upon its status at
the conference. 2. ln the selection
of its delegation each nation may
nvail itself of the panei system. This
will enable each state at discretion
to intrust its interests to such per?
sons as it may designate.
:'Thc adoption of the pancl system
will in particular enable tlie British
Empire to admit among its five dele?
gates representatives of the domin
ions, including Newfoundland, which
has no separate representation, and
of India." *
Council Resumes Sessions
The supreme council resumed its
sessions at 10:30 o'clock to-day. Those
in attendance were Premicr Clemen
ccau and Foreign Minister Pichon, for
France; President Wilson and Secre?
tary of State Lansing, for the United
States; Premier Lloyd George and For-,
eign Secretary Balfour, for Great!
Britain; Foreign Minister Sonnino, forl
Italy, and Viscount Chinda and Baron i
Matsui, for Japan.
The morning session was devoted en- I
tirely to discussion of methods of pro-'
The council took a recess at 12:30
o'clock until 2:30.
The afternoon session adjourncd at.
Small Nations Dissatisfied
While the apportionment of delegates
to the general peace congress has not
yet been officially made known, the list
published after Monday's session of the
Supreme Council has caused an un
favorable impression among soma of
the missions, according to the French
press. The Serbians and Belgians are
notably dissatisfied with the giving of
three delegates to Brazil, while they
are only permitted two each.
In the case of Belgium, the three
seats allotted her by the French plan
admitted of the nomination of a rep?
resentative of each of the parties?
Conservatives, Liberals and Socialists. !
With only two delegates, the represen?
tative of one party must needs be
dropp'ed. Logically, it is pointed out,
it ought to have been the least im?
portant rarty thus to suffer, but it is
impossible to drop from the delegation
the Forei-n Minister, Paul Hymans, a
Liberal. Consequently, the commenta
tora say, it would seem to be Emile
Vandervelde, thc Socialist Minister of
Justice, who will be the one eliminatcd
should the Belgian allotment stand.
Sazanoff Rea^hes Paris
Sergius Sazonoff arrived in Paris to?
day. He is the Foreign Minister of the
government at Yeklterinodar, Russia.
and has just been named also as For?
eign Minister of the Siberian govern?
ment at Omsk.
In connection with his coming to
Paris, the "Tempa" says:
"Two methods for Russia's repre
f-:entatior. in thc conference have been
suggested?the first by a delegation of
Russiar.5 representing certain govern
ments established in Russia or certain
groups of Russians established abroad;
thc second by an inter-Allied commit-'
tee, which would be charged with the
duty of studying Russian questions and
collecting evidence and information
everywhere, so are to enable it to
represent Russian interests at the con?
ference. The second seems at pres?
ent to be the solution that will most
likely be adopted."
Breach of Faith Charged
The American delegates to the peace
congress are indigr.ant at what they
regard as a breach of faith on the part
of some persons who had been ad?
mitted to the informal discussions they
have been holding daily with news
paper men. These conferences were
inaugurated immediately after the del?
egates arrived in 4'aris for the purpose
oi keeping correspondents properly ad
yised of developments further than
tftat given m official communiques.
At the outset it was stipulated clear?
ly that nothing cornmunicated to the
correspondents during these confer?
ences snould be creditcd to official
*ources, the restriction being so severe
M to prohibit the customary intima
tions as to sources, so that whatever
h correspondent elected to write should
be stated on his own responsibility.
Disciplinary Measures Taken
Pjte this, a statement of informa
tive character made by Secretary of
S.ate Lanaing to the newspaper men
appeared in some French newspapers
h'inT lr u" ir1in'Ctly ?"ributed to
to^'h. a? ? mad? more embarraaamg1
iub??-rntrican dclegatea because the
pubhcations appeared in newaoaoera
opposc-d to the present French govern
ttent Because some statements used
in this manncr jplatcd to aubjects like
tho denial of the plan to use Ameri
car, troops in Poland, which is under
?tood to be favored by the Clemenceau
government, but is opposed by the i
Soeiali.ts, the American delegates felt
they were :n danger of being involun-I
tarftv dragged into the complicaEa
of trench factional politieal conflicta
JtfJ ?.r?<?U6Bt "f t*? American delc
K<?tion, the correspondents have tirder
h\VaV' a<i?!,t ,""e*P"n?ry measures
and to require a separate vnderstand
ir.g from each of their number to ob- '
aervc tne restrictions imposed regard
]ng the use of matters discussed at
Tivo League of Nations
Plans Differ Only on
PARIS, Jan. 15. With the resump
tioti today of the meetings preliminary
to the peace conference it is apnarent
the movement to ereate a league
ef nation* ia being carried on by two
force* having the ?am? object, but dif
to hc itteena for making ?f
feeifve the deeislona of the propoaed
world society. One of theae rcprcsenta
Wtoation that the decinion? of the
? to d v I combined
physical forees, whiie the other f.pre
Ktuu thc view thet It* hndings can be
Russia Is Likely To Be
First fParley Question
'' New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
AR1S, Jan. 15.?The Tribune
was informed by a high au?
thority to-day that the league of
nations would not be the first
subject discussed at the peace
conference, but that it was much
more probable that the congress
would first devote its attention to
the Russian tjuestion.
There is every indication that
tho conference will be an ex
tremely prolonged affair.
The correspondent was in?
formed, also, that statements ap?
pearing in the French press con
cerning the composition of the
British delegation to the .peace
congress are both premature and
All that has yet been decided
concerning the British delegates
is that, as both Bonar Law and
Lloyd George will have to make
frequent visits to London during
the congress, a panel of ofiicial
delegates will be constituted from
which deputies to replace absen
tees will be drawn.
enfoi ced without the aid of a common
world police force.
Diplomatists. watching the move?
ment of the two ideas as they come
into bearing before the conference,
seem impressed with the view that
both are moving toward a common
ground which, for example, might pro?
vide that the zmtions cou'd reserve for
each individual case their decision
whether they would utilize armed
force or avail themselves of other
Finds Favor in Europe
There is reason to believe that such
an arrangement would meet with the
support of some of the European
statesmen, and there is nothing to in
dieate that it would be rejected by the
This is the feature of the situation
as it exists to-day. The plans are be?
ing rapidly put into shape in informal
conferences and are working toward a
position where the peace conference in
full session can discuss them thor?
oughly and then probably name a com?
mittee or commission from among its
membership to produce the framework
in writing, with the assistance of the
The programme commonly agreed I
upon calls for primary consideration
of the forming of a league of nations,
and the congress will work on this to j
the exclusion of all other subjects.
Those European statesmen who now j
appear friendly to the purpose of put?
ting the league of nations question to
the fore have repeatedly expressed the
view that the formation of the league
and the making of peace are joint prob?
lems which cannot be disassociated.
I'rgent Need Realized
The effort thus seems to he to bend
all energies to tho laying of the i'oun- ;
nations of the league, so that tho con?
ference may proceed to tho actual mak?
ing of the peace treaty in the early
spring, even, indeed, if it be only a
preliminary one which will dispose! of
the pressing question of demobiliza?
tion and the return of tho warrfrng
countries as nearly as possible to the
economic conditions of peace. This is
lecognized by all the statesmen at the
conference as of the utmost necessity
and is not a view confined to the Euro
The sponsors for the league of na?
tions plans contemplate the bi'oadening
out of the functions of the proposed
league as the preliminary discussions
proceed, their assumption being that
these will range far into tlie subjects
of raw material and finance, proceed
ing on the theory that the fznancial or
economic domination of smaller na?
tions by the lnrger is zzo less a danger
than armed domination. The financial
programme of the league, as viewed in
these quarters, will be to consider
whether the league itself should lend
its aid tinancially and economically to
the small independent statA which are
rising out of the war,
Wilson to Obtain
Of German \Uamage
PARIS, Jan. 15. President Wilson
will have before him an independent
estimate of the actual physical damage
suffered by France and Beigium during
the war when the Peace Congress
reaches the stage of discussing indem?
nities. A survey is being planned and
will probably be conducted by more
than two hundred American army offi?
Many difficulties are presented, for
in znany of the devastated regions there
are absolutely no records available
upon which to base an estimate of what
existed there before German guns and
troops ground the towns and villages
into heaps of ruins. The work of visu
alizing what pre-war conditions were
and fixing the proper value for the
damage inflicted will probably take
Some observers say the bill of actual
damages, when computed, will hc so
great that the Entente nations probably
will be more concerned with the ability
of the German people to foot the bill as
itwill stand than with the possibility of
exacting further damages in the nature
of punitive indemnities and war costs.
President Wilson's attitude toward the
question of what indemnities are to bc
exacted from Germany has been made
plain on several occasions.
He believes that dazzzages should be
rcstricted to restitution, reparation and
restoration, and should not be extended
to financial punishment of the German
Seamen Planning to
For U-Boat Deaths
LONDON, 'Jan. 15.?In the absence
of a defznito poliey from the Allies
concerning the manner in which Ger?
many shall rnake compen?ution for the
dependents of submarine viclims
aznong seamen, the executive commit?
tee of the International Federation <>f
Seafareis has evolved a plan by which
the otficials hope to force tho peace
conference to act.
Tha committee has culled an Interna?
tional conference in London on Febru?
ary "4 at which the British delegates
will present a resolution providing that
the seamen will not man any shlps
going or cozning from an enemy coun?
try until the proper compensation is
J. Havelock Wilson, president of the
Ir ternational Seamen's Union, said to
The Assockitcd Press to-day:
"It seems that the British states?
men and those of other nations have
been too busy to think of the seamen
in preparing for the conference, so we
will take the matter into our own
hands in the hope of emphatieally
brlnging to the notice of the peace
delegates the necessity for taking care
of our people.
"I have no doubt thut the conference
will edopt a resolution providing thut
no food shall go to Germany until
thesv deperidonttt are compensati-d."
The leaders of the seamen. includ?
ing Andtcw Foruseth. of tho United
States, exnect that the February con?
ference will adopt a universal wage
scale. The leaders hope that this ques?
tion will not be taken" up by the peace
conference or thut wages will not be
mentioned in the peace treaty.
Ray Stannard Baker as
A Peace JSews Mentor,
Not to Displace Creel
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.?The selec
tion of' Ray Stannard Baker as inter
mediary between the President and
American correspondents at the peace
conferences found little general appro
bation here to-day.
The selection of Mr. Baker is not be?
lieved to have any hearing on the rela?
tion between George Creel and the
President. Mr. Creel has had a good
deal to do with the European propa?
ganda since the arrival of the American
delegation, and it is believed that for
some time he will continue to advise
regarding matters of publicity. The
Baker selecton is not considered in any
way a displacement of Creel.'
The plan, as announced, is for Presi?
dent Wilson or some member of the
American mission to communicate to
Mr. Baker such details of the proceed
ings as are not embraced in the com
mtiniques and which the President de
sircs to make public, Mr. Baker con
veying the information to the corre?
spondents. The correspondents will not
have original contact with the source
Ray Stannard Baker, a magazine
editor and newspaper writer since 1892,
became attached to the Committee on
Public Information after the United
States entered the war. lie was the
zzzanaging editor of the McClure Syn
dicate some years ago, and later as
sociate editor of "McCluro's Magazine."
From 190G until 1915 he was one of the
edit.ors of "The American Magazine."
lie was born at Lansing, Mich. April
17. 1870, a son of Major Joseph Stan?
nard Baker and Alice Potter Baker.
He took a partial law course and com
pleted his literary studies at the Uni?
versity of Michigan. From 1892 until
1897 he was a reporter and sub editor
on "The Chicago Record." from which
he went to McClure's Syndicate. Ile
is the author of several books under
his own name and of several under the
pen name of "David Grayson." Some
of these are "Boys' Book of Inven?
tions." "Our New Prosperity," "Seen
in Germany," "Second- Boys' Book of
Inventions," "Following the Color
Line." "New Ideals in Henling," "The
Spiritual Unrest" and "Adventures in
Mr. Baker also has coiztributed much
to English and American magazines.
His home is at Amherst, Mass.
Wilson Firm Against
Italy*s Claims Except
To Trieste and Trent
LONDON, Jan. 15.?In commenting
upon the conference between Premier
Orlando of Italy and President Wilson
last Friday, pt:sons in touch with the
Italian mission declare the Premier
was surprised at Mr. Wilson's attitude,
sayri the Paris correspondent of "The
"President Wilson was firm in his
refusal to'recognize Italian claims be?
yond Trieste and Trent," the corre?
spondent writes. "It is known that
Foreign Minister Sozznino of Italy de?
mands an important part of the Dal
matian coast, ns well as the Fiume,
while Premier Orlando would be con
tcnt to give up the Dalmatian coast if
sure of Fiume. It is z-cported that even
on this point Mr. Wilson was unwilling
to give way.
"While the majority of the inhabi
tants of Fiume are Italian, that port is
ihe natural outlet for the Austrian
Slavs. It is therefore claimed that a
few thousand Italians in Fiume are not
to be balanced against the needs for a
sea outlet for millions of Slavs.
"It is pointed out that the commer?
cial necessities of the Jugo-Slavs de?
mand an outlet to the Adriatic, and
that if Italy ignores those necessities
she .may incur the enmity of those
populations and create a new danger to
ihe neace of Europe.
"It is supposed that President Wil?
son does not consider that Fiume, as a
free port in Italian hands, would meet
the needs of the Jugo-Slav hinterlund."
President May Visil
England to lnspect
l\ S. Flotilla Basc
PARIS, Jan. 15. -? President Wilson
may visit England on his way back to
the United States next month, but it
will not be to confer with statesmen
there. He has hoped to be able lo sail
from a British port, probably Queens
town, and have an opportunity to in
spect the base of the American" flotilla,
which did so much work in the anti
Mr. Wilson, if he visits England, might
stop for a few hours at Oxford to re
ceiye an honorary degree, which that
university wishes to confer on him.
Ile would not necessarily visit London.
If, when the President starts home
ward, he should feel itnecessary to re?
turn later to Europe no might postpone
1ns visit to Oxford, but if there is any
doubt about his coming back to the
peace congress, he might go to Oxford
to receive his degree.
Wilson To Be Received
By Chamber of Deputies
PARIS, Jan. 15. The Chamber of
Deputies has decided to receive Presi?
dent Wilson at a formal meeting.
The ceremony will be preceded by a
reception to President and Mrs. Wilson
and the Members of Parliament in the
rooms of the President of the Cham?
ber. The date has not been fixed.
British and French Lift
Barriers on Parlry JSeivs
LONDON, Jan. 16.?The British For?
eign Office announced to-day that the
government does not intend to exercise
any censorship over press messai es
during the peace conference. It states
thut it also has. received a similar as
surancc from the French government.'
British Army Gives
Trainload of Food
To Starving Vienna
VIENNA, Jtn. 14 (Tuesday). -A small
body of British troops arrived hore to
day as convoy of a trainload of food?
stuffs, a present from the British army
tn Italy to the women and children of
Vienna. Great crowds followed the
convoy through the streets, giving the
men a cordial welcome, but one devoid
o*' any especial cnthusiasm.
The British otTlcer* in command ox
[luincd tp the burgonzaster that the
supplles were sent in recognition of
the fntft that Austria hud treated'her
ziritish prisoners with consideration
in contrast with the hihuman treat?
ment given them by the Germans.
Three additional trainloada are t?
follow the ftrst, to alleviate the needs
ol the women und children until regu?
lar shipmenta begin coming in.
The burgomastcr told the British
commander that the food hud arrived nt
an Opportune moment, as the situation
was rcsching s crisis throu.;h the fact
that Vienna had not enough flour to
last more than the next four duys.
With Japan on
Denies Tokio's Claim She
Agreed Interests Should
Be Represented Jointly
Seeking American Aid
Peking Piqned at Inter-Al
lied CounciPs Limitation
of Mission to Three Men
New York Tribune
Speeial Cable bierince
(Copjright, 101?, New Vork Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, Jan. 15.?Many heartburn
ings are beine; caused by the limitation
of representations of the minor coun?
tries at the inter-AHied conference, the
first full meeting of which occurs Sat?
urday. The actual effect of the limita
tions in membership amounts to noth?
ing, but some of the minor nations ob
ject to being classified as secondary,
either in size or importance.
One of the serious cases is China,
whose primary purpose in entering the
war was to get a place at the confer?
ence table. China, even, recently rear
ranged her internal ditTerences and
reached an agreement between the
northern and southern factions and ter?
minated hostilities. in order to present
a united front here in Paris. Five
commissioners arrived here, headed by
Liu Cheng Hsiang, Peking'a Foreign
Minister, but they find China's repre
sentation limited to three and possibly
Chinese Chagrin Is Deep
Their chagrin is deep, and they seek
the American deh'gation's assistance
and support in attaining a better rep
resentation, regarding America cs a
Opposing China in this matter are the
Japanese. Six weeks ago, the Tokio
government officially announced it had
reached an agreement with the Chinese
that their interest should bc repre?
sented in common at the peace confer?
ence. This is emphatically denied by
thc Chinese commissioners. They seek
to attain an inter-Allied agreement
regarding their territories and status,
rather than an agreement between
themselves and Japan alone.
Proportionate representations do not
really matter, because representatives
of no nation can be required to agree
to peace terms. Complete accord will
have to be reached or a joint peace
cannot bc reached with Germany. Vot
ing on problems does not take place as
in Parliament or Congress. Thc o.ucs
tion is, therefore, onlv one of prestigc
and classification, and in such case
the powers are able to compel recogni
tion, while the smaller nations must
submit to classification.
Separate Reprcsentation Sought
In this connection it is also inter
esting and important that the British
Empire desires"separate reprcsentation
for Canada, Australia, New Zealand,
South Africa and India, and the Amer?
ican commission supports their conten
tiorj on the ground that India is a suf
ficiently important geographical factor
for speeial recognition, while the col
onies hold such independence that any
one of them could have refused to cnter
thc war. The American commission will
bc pleased if Britain can obtain such
extensive reprcsentation, which no
other nation is claiming, because the
Americans believe their liberal alti?
tude on many problems will be aup
ported by the British colonial repre?
The American commission has deli
ni.tely decided not to send American
troops to Poland, and it is reported
the British have not yet signified their
willingness to participate in any East
Discussion Consumes Much Time
Discussion on the subject of Poland
consumed considerable time in tlie
Quai d'Orsay at thc first conference be?
tween representatives of the five great
powers, and it was agreed that the two
Polish divisions which operated on
the Frcnch-Jtalian front should he
dispatched to Poland, and that the
German railway between Danzig
and Thorn could me employed ac?
cording to .the. terms of the
armistice. Ojic of the French papers
reported yesterday, and probably cor
rectly that "The Command," meaning
Foch, will reeuire this privilege on rc
newing the armistice January 17.
Thc uuestion is an all-important one
for the American commission, which
will probably take the view that Con
gressional sanction for the use of
American forces terminated when Aus?
tria and Germany si-rnod the armistice.
The President, is rpnte eannble, as is
well known, of disregarding Congress
and of forcin- thc issue for Congress,
but in this instance his policy of non
intervention accords with constitution
al limitations of his powers.
Corea Appeals to Wilson
To Obtain Independence
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.?Resolutions
protesting against the annexation of
Corea by Japan, and asking President
Wilson and the American .peace dele?
gates to apply the principle of self
determination to that country, have
been sent by the new Corea Association
to the 1 restdent and members of the
Foreign Kelations Committee of Con?
Melendez Leadt> Party to
Victory in San Sahador
SAN .SALVADOH, Jan. 15.?Carlos
Melendez, leader of the National Demo?
cratic party. was elected President of
the Republic in the clections which
terminated ye3tcrday. Dr. Alfredo
Quinones Molena, of this city, was
elected Vice-President. Don Carlos and
UT. Molena received approximatcly 170 -
000 votes each, thc greatest number
ever east for a candidate in thc his?
tory of the country.
There was complete order during the
elections, while throughout the Repub?
lic UamiuUlity prevailcd.
Food Supply Noiv Is Big
Problem Throughout Europe
Continued fronz page l
i of small communities to self-effort
leading to self-respect.
Of Fats in Germany
Very misleading impressions have
! gone abroad respecting conditions in
Germany. True, it is generally recog
nized that Austria is in a deplorable
J state, which is particularly acute in
I Vienna. This conditions is not so ob
i vious in Germany. Particularly in
the. Rhine countries occupied by Allied
armies there is a misleading impres
I sion of food abundance. But the re
! ports of actual conditions, which the
I council regards as conclusive, demon
j etrate that there is a dangerous short
] age of fats and essential foods through
; out Germany and that reserves ac
i cumulated under government super
1 vision since the armistice have been
consumed without regard to previous
Paris and some other places with
i high prices, which Americans, and
\ especially American soldiers on short
j leave with three months' pay, are will
' ing to meet, draw large amounts of
food which the local communities can
ill afford to spare. In the Rhineland
it appcars to be a systematic method of
propaganda for the inhabitants not
only to exhibit the utmost friendliness
to American soldiers but to supply
them with abundnnt food at reasonable
prices. Notwithstazzding the impres
sion thus created there, representatives
of the associated countries are con
vinced that the actual conditions are.as
i I have described.
To Return Money
Moved by proofs o? these facts sub- j
mitted to him, President Wilson on |
January 1 cabled to the Secretary of ,
the Treasury urging an appropriation j
by Congress of $100,000,000. to Se used [
on bthalf of the United States in car- ',
rying on this work. The procise use !
of this appropriation seems not to have
been understood. It is not intended
as a gift. The amount is to bo ex- j
pended largely, if not entirely, in pur- j
chases in the United States and a great
part, if not all, the money will be re?
It will be returned, moreover, with
interest?with the gratitude of the i
stricken peoples of Europe who t,o-day \
are looking to us more than to any j
other nation for aid and succ^r. j
America stands forth ns one nation 1
which has maintained war without hope
of gain or thought of reward. She is
the embodiment of democratic ideal- j
ism. Here ia the great privilege of i
binding up the wounds of little peoples
over whom the great military jugger- j
naut of Prussia rolled with relentlcss I
cruelty. Hunger leads men to despair j
and to desperation. No lasting peace ,
can be made by starving nations. We j
znust first feed atzd then help to re- i
store the unhappy nations of Eastern I
Europe to their normal, self-supporting '
Hunger Ally of
There is no stronger ally of Bolshev- j
ism than starvation. Food, work and :
the prospect of normal social condi?
tions are its prophyiatic. One hundred
million dollars wisely expended now in
alleviating the hunger of European;
peoples will bring returns of incalcu
lably grcater worth. This is less than !
the cost of a single day of war. Amer?
ica has been the leader in the move- ?
ment. Great Britain, France and Italy j
freely concede to her a leadership in |
carrying on the work. But if America
fails to provide her share of the cost
how can she expect others, burdened as
they are with the cost of two and a
half years more of warfare than she,
to carry their part of the load?
Surely, if the conditions are under- |
stood, Congress will not hesitate to act
favorably. It is merely a question of
carrying out an obviously just and ncc- j
essary plan. It underlies and precedes !
all other questions as to terms of
peace. There can bc no peace in Eu- l
rope if 'ts hunger is not satisfied.
There can be no league with starving
nations that will secure the future wel- !
fare of the world.
Anarchy and Bolshevism are the nat- j
ural sequence of famine, disease and I
despair. The conditions are urgent.
They may not wait. We must act!
promptly or it will be too late. Tho
question is not partis.an. It rises above.
all party considerations. Anzerica must
this day choose between a high duty
and an ignoble refusal.
Surely the conclusions of a body of
men such as those composing the Su?
preme Council of Supply and Relief, in- '
dorsed by the President of the United
States, by the Prime Ministers of Great
Britain and France, is sufficient war
rant to call for the prompt appropria
tion of the money asked.
U. S. Offic~ials~ Talk
Over Spending Suni
Asked by President
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.?Represent?
atives of the State and Treasury de?
partments and the Food Administra?
tion appeared to-day before the Sen?
ate ,Appropriations Committce in ex?
ecutive session to explain the manncr
in which it is proposed to expend the ,
?100,000,000 President Wilson has j
asked Congress to appropriate for j
food relief in the countries of Europe '
outside oi Germany.
The committee had before it the re- I
! lief bill passed by the House early in '
j the week. which provides that some of
tho fund also may be used for aiding
i the distrersod civilian population in
countries of the Near East, formerly
I under domination of the Turks.
Disposition of thc resolution was
deferred, with the prospect that hear
< ings would he continued several days.
No information, in addition to that i
already given the House, was pre- :
sented to the Senate committee to- |
day, according to Acting Secretary of
? State Polk. Judge Glasgow, counsel
for the food administration, pre?
sented manv cablegrams from Herbert
C. Hoover outlining famine condi
| tions in various parts of Europe, and
was closely questioned by many com
I mittee members.
An amendment advocated by Re- ?
publicans upon which aetion was post
poned would stipulate that there must
be cooperation by England, France
and italy in the relief work. Another
minority amendment would require
detailed statements of expenditures,
j The first food relief for Poland to
go forward from the United States in
four and one-half years will be taken
| soon from New York by the American !
steamer Westward Ho, which is load
j ing a 7,000-ton cargo, costing $2,225>
000, paid for by contributiona from I
Polish and Jewish organizations in ;
Greece Asks Allies
Io Liiite Hellenic
Conslaiitinople as Separate
Entity in World League
Suggested ? Epirus and
Thra e Are Demanded
PARIS, Jan. 15 (By The Associated;
Press.)?Greece has laid before thc
peace conference a memorandum
signed by Premier Venizelos setting
forth the situation of Greece and her
claims in the settlement of the war.
The memorandum says that thc Hel?
lenic nation consists of 8.230,000 per- I
sons, of whom 55 per cent live in the
kingdom of Greece and the remainder
outside its limits. Half a million
Greeks in America are included in the
Wishing to reunito the Greek popu?
lation in the Balktfns. Asia Minor and
the islands adjacent to the kingdom,
Greece asks, first, Northern Epirus,
which contains 120,000 Greeks, against
80,000 Albanians. It says that "the for?
mer, besides beirig in the majority. also
possess a higher form of civilization."
Thrace Is Demanded
As a second demand Greece asks for
Thrace, without Constantinople. Thrace,
according to the memorandum, is1 peo-j
pled largely by Greeks.
"Since Constantinople, according to
the twelfth point of President Wilson's
programme, cannot remain under Turk?
ish rule," the memorandum declares,
"the natural solution would he to award
Constantinople to Greece and to estab
lish international guarantees for the
freedom of the straits."
It is pointed out rhat the principal
native element of the population of
Constantinople is Greek, being numeri?
cally greater than "all the other natipn
alities put together. except the Turks."
"But if a society of nations be cstab
lished immediately," the memorandum
continues, "Constantinople might, in
consequence of great international in?
terests connectcd with the possession
of the straits, be formed as a separate
entity by the society of nations, which
would nominate its governor for cer?
tain fixed periods."
The third territorial claim made by
Greece is for parts of vilayets in Asia
Minor. These .have a population, it is
said, of 1,188,000 Greeks, against 1,042,
000 Mahometans and are claimed to be
both "geographically and historically
integral parts of Greece."
Reds Bnrn and Pillage
Riga; March on Mitau
BERLIN, Jan. 13 (By The Associated
Press).?Riga is now completely in thc
hands of the Russian Red Army, ac?
cording to a Mitau dispatch to the
"Vossische Zeitung." Bolshevik forces
have advanced from Dvinsk and occu?
pied the station at. Neugut, thirty-one
miles from Mitau.
Mitau is overflowing with refugees.
German soldiers, the last persons leav
ing Riga, report that the city is burn
ing in several places and that the Rus?
sians and Letts are murdering and
FIFTH AVENUE AT 45? ST
Entente Poicers to End
Control of Industries
pARIS, Jan. 15.?The Tribune
?*? correspondent has learned
from hitherto reliable sources that
the Entente powers have no inten
tion of continuing government
control of industries in their re
I am also informed that they
have further decided against in?
ternational control of raw materi
als, for the reason that raw ma
terials are so plentiful that such
control is unnecessary.
Will Not Obstmet
Lord Robert Cecil Asserts
Repentant Germany Can
Have Voice, Bnt Austria
Is Not Due for Admission
PARIS, Jan. 15.?Lord Robert Cecil,
who discussed with American journal
ists his views as to the work of a
league of nations, had little to say
relative to the limitation of arma
ments. He expressed the opinion that
the league of nations "certainly would
provide for the limitation and decrease
of present tirmaraents."
He declared that this feature of the
work to be done is b.'ing^ given deepest
consideration, although no definite
agreement has as vet been reached.
He said that the league, if formed,
would do away with all treaties incon
sistent with its tenets, including com
pacts providing for a balance of power.
Monroe Doctrine Upheld
Asked what effect the formation of
a league of nations would have upon
the Monroe Doctrine, Lord Robert as
scrted he could see no conflict with the
Hypothetical questioizs were raised
as to what would happen in case Mex
ica or a South American country did
something that caused trouble with the
league, and Lord Robert replied:
"Then, I think an arrangement could
be made by which America could act
in behalf of the league."
Germany Must Repent
Regarding the admission of the Cen?
tral Powers and their allies to the
league, Lord Robert said they should
be admitted, "if they showed an in
clination to do the r-,ght thing."
"We must await events," he said.
"If Germany turns over-a new leaf and
tries to repair the damage she has dozze
there is no reason why she should not
join. The league is for the good of
humanity, and not for any select group.
It will benefit her if she comes in."
Austria, because of her internn'l con?
dition, is not yet ready for the league,
Lord Robert said. Dealing with
another specific instance, he declared it
would be an injustice to exclude Bo
hemia, saying: "She was not to blame
for the war and is progressive."
Lord Robert said that the league
might in some cases take over ad
ministrative control of certain terri
toiies of great international interest.
He said that Palestine and Constanti?
nople might be in this class. He stated
that he accepted President Wilson's
view that the league must be consti
tuted by the present peace congress,
adding: "Otherwise it will become an
Details to Come Later
Lord Robert felt that the peace con?
gress should get some approval of
principles at the beginning of tho
meeting, but was of the opinion that
the details should be worked out with
care by committees, which ehould re?
port to the peace congress.
Quostioned as to the attitude of the
Allies as a whole toward the league,
Lord Robert said that every one of
them favored a league of some sort and
that they wcze not separated by any
Ar> to the scope of the league. he said
there were still many purely legal dis-j
putcs between nations. which he
thought ought to be settled by an j
arbitration tribunal outside the league.
Publicity to Halt Wars
In discussing the probable efneacy
of the plan to force them to bring
their disputes before the tribunal of I
the league, Lord Robert deS^red:
"If we had had a conference on the i
reply of Sez-bia to Austria, and had not i
allowed them to fierlzt for a set period
there would have been zio war If the
situation had been known to the world
no nation could have forccd its people
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Who'll Be Who iii World
League, Asks Japanese
Idea Must Be Brought Down to
Earth, Declares Dr.
The league of nations idea is "yet in
the clouds," Dr. Toyokichi Iyenaga,
Japanese publicist and director of the
East and West News Bureau. told mem?
bers of tlze National Wholesale Dry
Goods Associatioiz, who hcld their rif
teenth annual dinner in the Waldorf
Aftoria last night. He continued:
"It has to be brought down to earth,
so that we mortals can see it with the
naked eye. This state of nebulousness
in which the schenze is at present
shrouded and, conscquently, its ap
parent impracticability, together with
the hundred difficulties that seenz to
confront the novel experiment, are, I
believe, the chief cause of objection
raised by certain American and Jap
ai ese peoples.
"Before we pronounce adhesion to
the league we want to know its con?
stitution and its machinery of govern?
ment. We want to know wno are to be
members of the league.','
The President's proposals for a
league would be perfectly acceptablc to
Japan, said Dr. Iyenaga.
Other speakers were Dr. Stockton
Axson, secretaz-y of the American Red
Cross; the Rev. Dr. I. L. Lansing and
John S. Lawrence, of the Commission
for Rehef in Belgium. F. A. Patrick
was the toastmaster.
Finnish Mission Coming Here
HELINGPORS, Finland. Jan. 15.?A
Finnish commercial mission will leave
here en January 20 for France. Eng?
land and the United States. The mis?
sion wijl discuss commercial relations
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