Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER
TISED IN THK TRIBUNE
IS GUARANTEED ,
Voi.. IAWIII No. 20,363
[j-rfl-l^J^l^:Jh^Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisement
Rain to-night and to-morrow; south
|( opyricbt. 1019.
New York Tribune Inr.l
S.VTl'HDAY, JANUARY 18, 1919
-rerr* n-vw'1" T.reutcr New York and I THKI.E CENTS
?"" ?? r-^ lo } wilhio cointuuting di-.lan?f- I KiM-ubfrr
onference Is Partly Lifted;
xtended to Rhine
Anti - Hearst
Apparent Plan to Break
Ip Rally of Citizens'
Greeting Committee in
Garde nEnds in Failure
To Doov by Police
Dr. John Grier Hilrben Is
Prcsiding Officer; Dr.
Manning Say? Mayor's!
Appointment Was Error
iers, railors and marines who
have bccs returninjf from overseas
throug1' i'nr Tort cf Xew York received
their xyelcoroe homc last night at Madi?
son Square Garden, where thc Inde?
pendent Citizens' Committco held a
nias3 meeting tr, honor the nation'3
William Randolph Hearst is not a
member or' that committco, bul he ii
tbe solc reason for its existence, for
lhe reason that he is a memhet of
-Mayor Hylan's committco of welcome.
Thc patriot? :n charge of tho gathering
were not surprised when they discov?
ered an attempt to prevent thc delivery I
of speeches of gral ,? fighters, |
as well 35 organized, noisy, hut incf-;
fective, atti ? arousc applause
for Mr. Hearst.
Thee were 350 policemen under com
riand of Chief rnspector John Daly in-,
fidcand outside the Garden and the i.n
difference of the leaders of these blue
coats to the antics and shouts of the
disturbers of the gather - ?? othing
fchort of ama :ing.
Twenty Dinturbcrs Ejected
At half-past nine twenty men had
been ejected, carefully. and with due
3-pgard ?? . eel ngs and clo
These mcn were taken out, one
time, ar.d when they had been escorted
? "? froi tl , hi es of . ,0
cn the ? 1 Garden to the ?
Wance ' ' ' ng they were re
irned, of course, to
Ir. Elei 1
Grier il bbe prc id int of \ \
' thc chair- |
'?"?'?' opened. Victor .'
;: ? ' ' editor i Hear t. ?"?:, w f
\ .cn in the ce '
arn h< ent ai
Many Yes Men Attend
Plsc? foi others were indicated on !
'" 8001 and at the ends ot' 'ho hall. S
eai Watson wa am
mploye, one who is hig) ?
Hearsl payroll and '
' ?'? were perhaps a dozen \
y!Hr ' ' ' "?''"' kno
"Wtst organization as "yes mon."
' ' employe, v ,. | .
? ' - - ? di part
ter looking men.
u'- H bben had finished his ntn
_?tory remarks, the band had p -
_2*rary" and th? Rev. Dr. S. paj
*?an, of Brooklyn, was bi ?
Lhe first Hcarstian
? ? -/. in the centre
teats, well toward the rear, ro e
?? b?gan to read in a dull, low p
?: addrc aed to ?
**1y of w;ir Baker and asking birn
"i't authority to advance soldiers
'* months pay on the day ol their
^?wh.rge from the army. Tl e
*r? words were not distlnguishable
** than a few f,.,.t awjlV> ??,, >.,
HUn a v,,,,,\ ntart wh?,. t
? the provdst guard v. th a red
arm approache-1 ;
tlng his nighutick at '
Thi''*1 **" '" " '; ' "'; *&?oA*.\
printed on card* dis.
"" "? ? ' . oi the hal! I
', "'??" ?<m which the Hoarsl paper.
, I',;. ', . ? " the mterruptions
At time. all the
**t, d#ra*ndjng the
Vtmtintud ,,,, page tix
French General Janin
Leads Allies in Russia
/"\MSK, Russia, Thursday, Jan.
^ 16 i By The Associated Press).
?Unity of command on the Si?
berian front has been arranged,
and the French general, Jules
Janin. who has been commander of
the Czccho-Slovak army, will have
supreme direction of the Allied
forces in Russia.
The appointment of (Jeneral
Janin is hailerl as auguring the
ultimate defeat of the Bolsheviki.
General Knox, chief of the British
military mission, aml also in
charge of tlie commissariat, is oc?
cupied in Tiie task of selectins a
representative commission to study
and formulate a plan for the elec?
tion of a national assembiy,
The newspapers call attention
1" the fact that. the wo'rkmen's co
operative organizations of Omsk
and elsewhere have proclaimed
their support of the new govern?
ment. The government is active
ly negotiating with ihe powers for
recognition, aml also for partici
palion in the peace conference.
Labor to Raise
July 1 Is Dato Now \grced
On l jilrss Convicted <la!i
fornian !> I-Yced Soonn
? ng fhc
Staff Ci rnuponrlence
CHICAGO. Jan, 17. The. .. NLfiOn'ey!
labor conference to-day fixed July !
? ir date for n :?? ncral sl rike f
is nol freod
plai i i d to raise $1,000,000 fnr < x
penses and i djotii ncd sine die \* il h
'??'?' allowing the radicals, who had
l-Vied io use ;he con ferci - to starl
i nai ioi ' Rolshevik n ovemenl the
chance to disci ovicts, workmen
and soldiers councils or other deviees
peculiar ... R i
Nor ,vei |.ed to d
'"?' place an; movement looking toward
'reorgani a1 ioi " i ' thc Amci ican Fcd
eration of Labor along industrial
rather thi n ?:," trade lines on which
il ?? ov functii '
Thc only con* c >ion made to I;."
r ..I ica Is who several I n -
week I hreatcned to 1
the Mooney movcmcnl
it olui on ask ing
:"- ri-c:\ led fro I issia, thal
? llussian and German peop
illowed ;<> ivoi'k oui ! he i own . ?' ?
lion and thul ??? called ind.
. ??? ? ' 7. ?'. .; ..,. . ., ?.,.
-?oining of peace.
Strike Kestrictions Seen
an; restrictions about
hc calling " -i general strike lt can
e i " ol ut ion ol I he confer
m c ;" . alled i l ) until after the ( ali
". '"a !?-???? i al. Is Lo so <*meiul
he law .>' . h< state as to permit .. new
oi Moon* . 77 until an attempt
'i obtaii reliel tl rough I h. inter\ en
ion of ' he Dopai i 'c fai
ind 17 ? mtil n majoritj of I hc mem
?ership ol the various local unions
? ? for and the
bodies appro c of Lh*
To pi event hai ty and ill-< ofi ? idered
? ? ' ? rnal ionaj bod ie
lave hedged lhal weapon about with
daborat. ? nery ealculated to
nake hast. o ln som. orga n:
' " ormalitii ? en though thc
approve. Ot hei.. v. ill
? " ire a ref.
' ' ' ' ? ? ;" had i
h mai oubt in the m nd
veterai I boi mei mii iai ??? ith the
i chi log\ of th. labor
m i 7 ?. ho ha ?? been ivnlching thi
rice. I-. their opii ion the
(ooi ? ' Internal ioi al Defi nci Com
'? '"?? tl ????? ????? I pi : tl thc $f*000,000
it irftpnd i to raise fo prop: ganda pui
posi nd '!.",, I ave the strik' Hivei
on " I i nd .
I he only thing whicl e such
1 n ct-i . ' ".... say, would be
<?? general bui iness deprei ion or ? gen
eral condition ol unemployment ai d
- oi cquent d cor.tenl
Against thei - ?? iows thc proponenl \
" '?'"' Btrike idea ? ay it cannol fail,
while 7". mor* radical amoni*
the mi re declaral ioi for a e-..
' '??' ?' r 7" i. a revolution in itself ln
'-.'.- thc ultra-radical share and
lind some connolation for the failure
of ih*-ir more ambil iou ? cl erne
II ?' of the ,.,,,.. ?( reso4ul.:ons
lurned ? '" ?. ? convention, not one
.'??? reported oui \. thi Re oltii oi
ittee, of ?.'.. ich Ah xandei Ho vi
:' . dei of l, - Kan u mfnei , v
? I -- rman li their tead lu , ommil
ti i pre ented ?/<. ri olut ions, ono on
1 ? ?? proper and nn om
nibua resolution covering all other
mattern the committee fell wen prop
before the convention
The radical i egan i ? ??? on thia
il -.ad, d<
;: thal Mav l, "thr. hi ,toi iq daj
ol thi labor movement," bo madi
In leading this fight Edward Wheelct,
of Onkland, ' ..!.. a11 .,??,- ed labor Icadi rn
i .- ??? ?? ? >i, whom hc said
Mooni v hanged. C, D, McMahon, a
fc, nnd James Lansbui ?..
? ? sttle boiU i m iker, ui i".-.l l inie foi
? " ?? . il Lfinibtn y
' ' "? ' ' ? ??? ?' to i.uikr ?>.
Uie fvuiiii> au Aii^ouu dfcacrt."
Spartacides' Leader Slain
as Ho Attempts to Fl'ec
From Arresting Ofiicers
Rosa Lnxemburg Beaten
Second Mob Stops Car and
She Is Shot Through Hca?I:
llody Is Carried Awav
BERLIN, Jan. I fi < By the \ oc I :
Press l. Dr. Karl Licbknechl and Ro ia
: Luxemburg have been killed.
When it became k,nowti yestcrdaj
; that Dr. Licbknechl and Rosa Luxem?
burg were al thc Hotel Eden, in thc
i western part of the city, a crow il
' idly congrcgated and stormed thc hotel
. lobby, to ley hands, on them. Roi li
were sccretly taken fo a side entrancc
, to lhe hotel, b I thc mob fon tallcd
I th'c attempl oi I he I roop i to savi Ru
1 uxemburg. She wa - beaten into in
scnsibility and then thrown into an
j automobile hy the crowd, which started
? to take her to prison.
A few blocks down thc streel I -
I machine was haltcd by a second mob,
: nnd when the presence of Rosa Lux
| emburg became known a man jumped
on the running board of the car and
hot, her through i hc head. Thc bod;
was dragged from thc automobile and
I carried ofT. li is supposed that if ". a
? jthrown into thc canal, bul ' ha ? nol
In (he mcant imc Dr. Liebkm chl ? a
b,ura tr''i in_p ane-hei mil om bijj !>; ?
? cers and I roops, and i be car va
! headed for thc MoabiJ prison.
Tried to Escapc
Whijc going through thc Tiergartcn
the mai hine wi - hall :d bj a puncturcd
' ire, Dr, Liebknecht wa ? a ked to g I
oul by the officers, who inti nded I ? ?
en,othcr automobile nnd conl ic to
ward tlie prison. \\ ;-':,- wail ing, ! ?r.
Liebknechl made an attempl to escapc,
and was shot dead by iol lier; who had
anticipated such an effort on his part,
When Liebknecht was arre ted at the
I ome ??:' a rel?l ive- on Mannheimer
Strasse yesterday morning hu itoutly
denied his identity. Afti ?? being < ?
cortcd to thc Eden Hotel ... ?-. s
searched nnd his monogram, "K, 1,.."
: was discovered on his shirt.
Telephone Gave Clcn
! >r. Liebknecht's capture wa dui to
a telephone convcrsation ovcrheard by
detectives in which he and Rosa Lux
: emburg agreed to meel al 1.1 on c of
? man named Marcusson in thc sul
urb of Wilmcrsdorf. Marcusson's homc,
thc police say, has long b< cn one of
the gathering place of the Sparta
Dr, Licbknechl's dash for liberty was
the lasl desperate acl for freedom on
thc parl of a man who had left prison
only last October, When the automo-'
Continued on page three
Counter Revolution in
Petrograd, Says Report
LTELSINGFORS, Jan. 17.?A
A counter revolution has
broken out in Petrograd, accord?
ing to reorts from Reval, anc! the
Bolsheviki have started a general
hurried retreal eashvard from
Reports this week from Petro?
grad, by way of Stockholm, said
that hunger riots were in progress
in Petrograd, amounting to a
general uprising of the population
against lhe Bolsheviki. The Bol?
sheviki, these repo"rts said, used
the Re.d Guard and special bat
talions of Chinese in breaking
down the uprising, but the garri?
son of Petrograd itself revolted
and refused to fire on the people.
According Lo authentic infor?
mation from various sources, in?
cluding refugees arrivjng from
Petrograd via Finland and Scan
dinavia, thc food situation in
Petrograd is despcratc and thc
people, appearing in masses in
ihe streets, demand to he shot |
rather Lhan endure starvation.
Prussianisni Reappears ms
Overthrow ol Bolshevism
Ry Jo..sp.h Saxe '?
V>?' York 1,1.:
preittt ( 'able, >? ??-,:
1 :?? - .i ? ? r ? ?; , Prlliuiio Inc!
Rl; RLIN, .lan. 17, T)ic Spartacu 1
rcbellion i i crushed, < cl Rerlin and all
? ii rmany are in I hc lica'1 of a rcci lii
?? ?? i ? ign. Thc city is placarded
h appeal for I i-ained officers and
'?'? ncd . as wol! as infantry, to joint
? ' ' nil part icular regiment. Tho
] ?"' ofTci ed is thc same as thal on ac
tivc service plus several marks daily,
'" ' ' ood and ol her inducements. Thc
'' ? ' ? appeai - I o bc going on all
'?"??'''' lhe country, Demobilization
i com ? to have effecter merely thc
' a rl of anol her mobilizal ion.
?' is not yet quite clear what all
this mcans, bul thc government cvi
dently contcmplatcs military opera?
tion ? on large scale in thc f.n itcrn
provincc , c pocially againsl ihe Poles.
Hindcnburg v ili a umo command of
fi onl.' r of defence.
o; over thc defeat of thc Spar?
tacus group, Germany sccms to have
:" " - omc of il -? sclf-conti ol. M uch
ha eemed dead nnd gone for
? ? r appeai to bc vci \ much alivc,
Pru sian militarism has riscn from the
a ? ?? ? ?' thc : '? : call and aggressive
Kai i m and Pan-Gcrmanism are
coming o.ut in tho opcrn, forgetful of
Continued on next page
Only Hope for
fisserts National Barrier
Must Be Established to
hisure Absolule Victory
Devil's Pniich in l. S. Men
*'(*.o to It; Yon'll C,c\ Away
Wisfy That," He Told
r? *<i .
I fishmn; at Start ol Drive
TREVES, .lan. 15 fBy 'Ihe Associat?
ed Press I.- -It is the conviction of
Marshal Foch that ine Rhine musl bc
made the barrier between Germany I
r.nd France. lle cxpressed this clearly]
to-day when he received American
newspaper cotrcspondents, rhe Mar-1
shal is here in connection with the]
meeting concerning thc extension of
thc German armistice. .
Marshal Foch pointed oui thc diffi?
culties I ha: had been o\ rcoir e and
...<! peace must he commensurate with
thc price of victory. Germany now'
v as bnatcn, hc added, hut with her
1*1 sources, ' .pecially in men, recupcra
tion in a comparatively shorl time wai
"We must have a peace as nbsolutc
as was our success and which will
guard us against all future aggres-'
?ions." the Marshal said.
'France has a right lo effective. mcas
urc rn' prolecl ion after the rormidabl'c
ell'orts die put forth tn save civiliza-i
tion. Thc nai ural frontier which will
protect civilization is the Rhine,
"lt is r-> ! he Rh.ne thal we musl :
hoTd the d .; m.-ms' 7 is b; u mVg ' -o :
Rhine that >v'r must make il impos?
sible for thom tn rccommcncc the coup
? 7' l ni. Thc Rhine is thc common bar?
rier of all the Allies, prccisely, of all
those who united to save civilization.!'
Thc Rhine is thc guarantee of peace
for all the nations who have shed
their blood in thc cause of liberty.
Then let us watch on the Rhine.
"This is for me a happy opportunity,"
Marshal Foch began. "to tell you all tho
good things I think ot thc American
army and of the part it played on our'
American Forces Superb
"Youi; soldiers were superb. They
came to us young. cnthusiastic aud car?
ried forward by n vigorous idealism,
and they marched lo battle with ad
"Yes, they were superb, There is no
other word. When they appeared our
armies were, as you know. fatigued by
three years of relentless struggle, and
the mantlc of war laid heavily upon
them. We were magnificently com
for ted by thc viri lity of your Amer
"Thr youth of the l nited Statcs
brought a rencwal of the hopp tha*
hastened victory. N'ot only was this
moral fact, ot' the highesl importance,
but you also brought enormous inate-1
Continued on next page
Clemenceau Denies Favoring Secrecy
pARIS, Jan. 16.?Premier Clemenceau spoke this afternoon in the
* ( hamber of Deputies on the decision to keep proceedings of the
Pi a< l ongress secret. He had been interpellated by several Socialist
Deputic: and had asked that discussion of their questions be post?
poned, %hen he said:
"We have not yel found a final form in which communications
from the Peace Congress will be made; hut. in a general way. the
principle of publicity has met with favor."
Here he was interrupted by Deputy Mistral, who said: "Except,
by you, M. Clemenceau."
"I have tlie honor emphatically to deny that statement,'' the
Premier rejoined. "We all should like to keep proceedings secret, so
that it may not he said that such and such a country made such ard
such a proposition which has been foughl hy such ahd such other
governments. We are unanimous in thinking that that might create
a bad feeling. We think that in the preliminary eonversations we
must, at all costs, arrive at an agreement. so that there shall be a
solid front at the general discussion.
"If we wish to form a league of nations, writing phrases is in
sufficient. There must be a prevailing spirit which will insure the
life of this league of nations. We would like to finish this war bv a
full agreement of tlie civilized nations for a supreme ideal of a better
Did Not Have
Discussion of Message in
Paris Reveals That the
Censorship Stil! Exists
PARIS, Jan. 17.-?Premier Clemen?
ceau in (hc Chamber of Deputies to
day gave ;? warning against false rc
1H..1-: concer-mng thc peace confeven- o,
citing as an instancc a cable message
addressed to Thc New Vork Tribune:
"' saw yesterday a telegram ad?
dressed to Thc N'ew york Tribune," he
said. "in which it was said that Presi?
dent Wilson had threatened to with?
draw all his troops and himself retiro
if certain stipulations of his were not
granted. When I showed this tele
S'ram to Mr. Wilson this morning he
replied to me: 'Whal an amobinable
fal ehood ! ' "
i lie ines sage referred to by Premiei
Clemenceau has a very curious history.
Thursday tho Committee on Public
Information sent. out the following de?
nied from its office at _n Broad Street:
"President Wilson. catcgorically
denics making the statement attrib?
uted to him in the telegram in The
N'ew York Tribune that he had
threatened to withdraw American I
trops from France unless the copfer- ;
ence agreed with his views."
Dcnial Is Withdrawn
A The Tribune 'n:id never printed I
uicli a dispatch, the Committee on '
Public Information a few hours laters I
withdrew its dcnial in a statement sent i
to these news associations: The Asso
cial >l Press, I'nited Press and Univer
Continued on next page
Evidences Suggest He and
Lansing Realized Their
Mistake Very Quickly
By Frederick Moore
New York Tribupa
Special Cable Serviee
(Coej-riglit, l9to. New Tork Tribune luc.)
PARIS, Jan. 1'fT- President Wilson's
j-snppdrt'efs aVb bmbarrastied and *J-"'pU
; tegrel tha! he hs3 agreed to secrecy
. at thc peace conference. Thc only sat
is actory cvplanation I have yet heard
I ia that he has agreed to the proposal
j in the interest of harmony. There arc
| c-vidences that he and Secretary Lan
| sing realized quickly that they had
j made an error. .
lt is notable that the American cor
! respondents, representing the entire
range of political thought, from So?
cialists and pacifists, to Democrats and
Republicans, agree unanimously in ad
vocating open discussions.
Before thc issue came up in the
conference of five powers, thc ques?
tion had been discussed by the corre
1 spondents, and the American commis
! sion and the general attitude oi' the
j correspondents was made known.
Influence Is Formidable
rhat the correspondents together
form a formidable body is demonstrat
ed by the fact that they caused the
five-power conference to reopen the
question immediately after taking a
vote Wednesday morning and that con?
ference has a.sked the correspondents
to foregather and prepare a statement
of their wishes and lay it before the
conference, which was done to-day.
The importance of the question does
not consist so much in whether the
discussions shall be conducted openly
01 by the 'backdoor" methodi employed
at the Congress of Berlin in 1878?for
thc correspondents will get the news
in any case, as it will always be to
some nation's interest to divulge in?
side information. The really impor?
tant issue that has been raised is the
method whereby this gigantic confer?
ence shall bo conducted. The argu
ments are numerous for secrecy and
also for publicity, ar.d the question
promises to occupy considerable atten?
tion for a longer time than it ought
io require. lt is probable that to-mor
row's meeting of thc peace congress
will take place with al the questions
Parliament Plan Suggested
In the opinion of some of the wisest
observcrs there seems to be but one
safc solution of the difficulty and that
? conduct thc conference, which is
obviously too large, too dangerous and
too important for secrecy, in the man?
ner of a parliament, with committees
lhat can sit in private session and an
cccasional executive session of the
whole body. Thereby a'.I grievanaes,
aspirations tind protests can ;e ex
pressed in pubiic, which will in any
ca ? be aired and which will be more
dangerous if restrained, restricted or
confined. To this certain members of
Uhc American commission agree.
The plan would no pi . cie private
jonferences, acrc-cments or understanu
ing . but would insure a safety valve I
7 open, '.'rank appeal for any small or J
backward people or r.ation to the ar- !
bitrement of the world and would en- I
able thc gi en'. nations to place their
argumenta 1 kcwise befo.o ail thc
lt would seem. judging by the atti?
tude of the correspondent^ to-day, thnt
tho British aud Auericari newspaper
men will stand for open tsiplomacy and
by doing so they will probably henetit
hc world and thc stutcsr o-. here as
embled, who seom lo need, as well ns
rO wtt.nt? their wggon. i
Press Will Be
cnts Are To Be Barred
From Executive Sessions
Formal Opening of
Congress Is To-dav
Three Delegates Each for
Belgium and Serbia;
King of Hcjaz Ots Tho
PARIS, .lan. 17 (By The Associated
Press), Thc sccne is sei, f0r the oj.ro
ing of tho poacc congress at ;; o'clock
to-morrow afternoon with thc imprc
. sivc ceremony befitting such an evcnl
! fu! occasion. The lirst, details wcrc
? conclude to-night at a meting
; Supreme Council, whicl completed il
labors and adjourned for the ioaugn
ration of the larger body to-morrow.
The following official communicution
I dealing with th epeace conferem
! issued this evening:
"The President of ihe I'nited
States of Ameriea, thc Prime Minia
' ters and foreign .Ministers of the
Allied great. powers, asisted by thc
i Japanese ambasSil,|ors in Paris and
London, met at the Quai d'Orsay to
day, in the morning from 10:30 n. m.
j to 12J30 p. m.: aml in the aH-n;-i->.,
I from 9 p. m. to fi:".0 p. m
Belgium and Serbia dc fhrcc
"Thc French president. of thp
' council road out the term: of thi
I renewal of the armistice.
"Thc meeting decided to giv<
! gium and Serbia three delegates
! each at the conference. It wa? dc
1 cided also that the King of the
Hedjas should be represented by two
delegates. The question of the num?
ber of delegates for the various
powers was thus finally established.
"The programme for thc opening
conference, which will take place a'
thc Foreign Office to-morrow at J
o'clock in the afternoon, was after
"The meeting finally examined tito
the question o:' the publicity to no
given to thc discussions of lhe coi -
feronce and unanimously appr<
i thc following text to hc handed I
| press in thc name of the five g
Against Open Sessions
"'Tho representatives .f the Al
liod and associated powers hnve
given earnest consideration to thc
question of publicity "ot thc piocrcd
ings of the peace conference. Thc>
ure anxious that the pubiic throup
the press should have thc fullest in?
formation compatible with thc. safo
guarding of the supreme interest ol
all, which is that a just and honor?
able settlement should bc arrived at
with the minimum of delay.
"'It is. howevcr, obviou.s that pub?
licity with regard to the preliminary
conversations now procccding must
be subject to thc limitations ncccs
sarily imposed by the difficult ano
dclicate nature of their object. Thc
proceedings of a peace conference
are far more analagous to the meet?
ings of a Cabinet than to those of a
Legislature. Xobody has ever sug
gestcd that Cabinet meetings should
be held in public, and if they wore
so held thc work of government
would become impossible.
Onl) Conclusion* To Be Puhlic
"'One reason why Cabinets are
held in private :s in order that dif
ferences may be reconciled ano
agree-ments reached before the stage
of publicity is begun. The essence
of 'he democrat'c method is dc
that the deliberations of a govern
ment be conducted in public, but
that its conclusions be subject to
the consideration of a popular cham?
ber and to free and open discu?
sion on the platform and by the
"'Representatives of thc Allied
and associated powers are holding
conversations in order to solve quei
tions which affect the vital interest!
of many nations and upon which
they mav at present hold many di
-erse views. These deliberations
cannot proceed by the method of a
majority vote. Xo nation can br
committed except by thef ree vote
of its own delegates. The eonclu
sions arrived at (n these cons.^*
lien-?. therofore, can only be formed
by the difficult process of reach mg
an agreement among all.
"'This vital process would only be
hindered 11 tfa discussion of ?verj
ditputed question were open by i
public dtcUraUon by e?ch di?l?g?