Newspaper Page Text
0j MERCHANDISE ADVER
' TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
-Z LXXVin No. 2G,362
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Fair to-day. with somewhat lower
temperature; fair to-morrow.
Fresh ?est winds.
I ull Report on Page 13
>ew \orU Tribune Inr.J
SUNDAY, JANUARY If). 1919?SIX PARTS?STXTY-STX PAGES
* * *
FIVE CENTS T"*~
ens; Clemenceau, x
ilson, Is Unanimously Chosen for Chairman
Milk War Ends;
Thev Have Won
rji*tribuUM- Claim "Moral
Victory.'" but Dairymen
Get 9.3 Cents a Quart
Dowling Wants Proof
Declfli'es That it" Either Side
Gets Out byTrickHe Will
Oait the Whole Inquiry
Tiie milk price war, which has held
,;?? York City to a reduced supply
-ce January !. was ended yesterday
?:h thc advantage accruing to the
3.-e4ucers. although the distributers
'irnied la.-- hat they had car
?sd off thc moral victory. While the
'roducers will recei e their price of
Uetota a quart for January, instead
iftfae 8.4 cents which the distributers
?fered, it was announced last night
??j'. the price to th* cona imer will not
The deadlock was broken at the sixth
laference of the week of thc Govern
'i milk. commission, which is com
liied of two representatives each of
?:e dairym* n -. presided 6v< r
-.Robert h. Dowling, chairman of the
Mbtission, in whosi offici , at 1G5
'roadway. t- meel ing: v
On Friday the matter had b<
-o;t settW d. but argumei i 01 . ni inoi
?u;: ha'! postponed a compromise. 11
:ok only a few minutes yesterday to
wdnnallv assure New York City of a
'irmal d k from
Cans Are Collectcd
I'sry little of th? milk distrib
day wiH com? from the old source
Mr. Dowling n porl i d al I he cli
,- cc'r--' that milk price mat ei
tfflta a quan during Febru
Xand ? ? ' " ' during March.
*? and | . ,..:??
Wtting feet ha
Wi into . ' Dowl
flll hr. r.- . ...
ibereaut . , ? ? ? ?
? ular house, but
concerna in < i
Commission to (,'nntinuo
>nt nui ' ? ?
n v.c wiil
Meanv,-r . .,
jwwamt < . ,. ,....
.-??-. V. . -
J toat ,~ ? .,
I'" ar'' ' out of the
-.'?'?'*' ' month. Th
;, \ " ?' anounccd 1
?n~, , ' con
? ?? tl r
Fannera Get Aid
. . .
. ? ?
?',,..' ? em
^d?<j ? H(
Mr< . p .
?Wrdin- V .'
* '"'> ? n,., ,1.
'Grandmother of the
Revolution in Canada
VTICTORIA, B. ('., .Jan. 18.?
known ;.s the "Grandmother of
the Russian Revolution," arrived
here to-day from the Orient
aboard the Japanese transpacific
linev Kama Maru. She is going
from here to Seattle and from
there to Washingon, I>. C, and
"Strong and normal, Russia is a
' till against all the injtirics of
dark power, no matter whencc
they come," she saicl on arriving.
"But woe to us and woe to you
nations of the world if you refuse
to face the difficult position of
your temporarily disabled ally.
Nations of Europe, America, Asia
-every nation?I tell you all
that Russia will come and have a
voice at the world's pcaee confer?
ence and will yield to r.one her
right to a bright future." Mme.
Breshkovskaya said little regard?
ing her plans for the future.
Blaekjack Also Used by As
sailaiit oi' Winficlil 8. Phil?
hower in His Roonisi
i po ice have another murder mys
tery on their hands for solution. Some
time between early evening on Friday
and noon yesterday, Winiield Scott
Philhower, a skillcd electrical maclzin
iiit, fifty-six years old and a bachelor,
was kilied in his apartment on the
first floor of 148 East Thirtieth Street.
'l"nc crime had been committed with a
bi. ckjack end an Oriental sabre. both
of which were part of a collection of
curios on which Philhower had spent
i care and money.
Robbery ia believed not to have been
itive for the murder. Philhower
wore a diamond ring nd carried a
considerable sui-i of money. but neither
was disturbed. Nor was there any
hing n the anartment raissing so far
as could be observed.
?. though the police in their search
apartment found the pictures
i ;' many women, there i nothing to in
lica . that a woman was the cause of
? :.? ? ragedy. So far a I riend = of the
m irdered man knew, he had never
been involved in any affair which might
had such a denouement.
Janitor Finds Bodj
l'he murder was discovered by tiie
of tiie apartment hovse. Me
?i that th" lights in the front
? P lilhpwer's apartment burned stead
iiy throughout yesterday morning. V
ie decided to investigate.
in a rear room ? :" the anartment the
janitor came upon the body of Phil
d and lying face
A heaw Oriental
b ? .. direct.ly beneath the body,
markings hidden in spot"
by dark stains. The sabre's empty
scabbard still hung c n tho wall of the
room where it and the blade it held
idmired by Philhower's
\ . . r d stance away thi nitoi
'ound ??? heavy, old fashioned black
in a : ug tbal had been
: . : ?. also part o f I he
an' ' dl ction
Cap ! ar< j and everal men from
. ea,u immediately set
. ' ? my Lery. Th< i e
? ? ? evidence I'nai the murdered
lan had fough! d< pei ately for his
vo an | ??" o . erl u rn< i, pic
... . . awry o I c vall, rug:z
? ?? r- i ,' of place, and portieres which
ad hung from a doorway a? torn
Police Have Theory
ce belii ? PI Ihowc i know
ailanl I I -??. a re ;; I o of t he
n that hc ??-* d no desire ' o have
whoevei was in his apartment known
1 ? lii no otber way can I.
. , , ,,.. ? ? ? - fact tha* ? .. one 1 card
\ ? . reeonstructcd the
? ',? c " ihtir efforl Lo olyo it, ' he
? '? pt on g'iilty ?.'.a
??? .; ;? Phill ower and thal p
? a rtcd .(' terward. Phi Ihower'
ist h ie< 'i ?? ood phj ieal con
n-e, ? d '; ?? police
? va having the I ? tti i
truggh hi .ii lan', in
ized '' " blaekjack fi r ?
? ? .
| ? ? i : v : i i
?',,? ?? '.'.'.?.' i I mai ' ( lock ' on pan y, ;.'
''.',.', Broadway He had worked there'
twenty ,< n i and ' v. as
? ? ? ? ., toc atc ' luzt h'
? ? b ? >
rtmi Philhower en
'!?''?'? If -|.' hOV
? '?' ? ially wi mil onl?, u
' /. lie , I i'"' ll< l'':'. i ?' ' ?;> il l iiiii- r
h ? ' ? ' tended bi lifti en guc I . '
ti r s Capital
Millions That von Bernstorff
Left Believed to Spur
F v e s Ii Radical Crusade
Apjieals to Raeial Truits
luflaniiuatory Doctrine in
Foreign Language Papers
Causes Official Concern
New York Tribune ?
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.- The sudden
and menacing outbreak of propaganda
of all kinds which has followed thc
signing of thc armistice is arousing
thosc offieials in Washington who have
been fighting this evil for the last two
years. and they are planning steps to
check the danger. The Postoffice De?
partment and the Department of Jus?
tice are watching the situation care
fully and have compiled a large
amounl of material on which to base
The propaganda is more extensive
than ever before. and includes pro
Germanism and also Socialism, Bol?
shevism and anarchism.
Offieials suspect much of this is due
to German money. Bernstorff left sev?
eral millions of German funds here,
and much of this has never been
No one who has been in close touch i
with the German work here has any'
faith in the truthfulness of any SUr
face appcaranee, and in consequence
these men are not convinced either
that Germany is prepared to abandon
her extensive after-the-war campaign
Plans. or that she ha? dropped en
tirely tho support she has given the
Bolshevist movement in other coun- f
tries, however much she may be fight-'
ing it at home. ;'
Junker Influence Seen
These men assert the revolution has
produced no signs of any change in the
German policy, except ;he abandon
ment of attempts to steal by force, and
they suspect, that behind the scenes in j
Berlin the same interests which pulled '
the strings in the Kaiser's government
are still powcrful.
One of the first movements against
this new propaganda is likely to be its
exposure before the country by the
Overman Senate committee which has
been investigating German propaganda
for some time. Major E. Lowxey
Humes, counsel for the committee, has
Continued on pagc tcn
Bolshevik Republic of
r QNDON, Jan. IS.?The Bol
?*--' sh< ;.. Republic of Cuxhaven
lin.- collapsed after an oxistence
of five days; .-ays a dispatch from
A dispatch from Essen says
that the workmen in that distriet
are beginning to revolt against
the efforts of the Spartacides to
Scheidemanu Says They
Were Victims oi' Their
Programme of Violence
BERLIN, Jan. 17 (By The Associated
Press).?-"Liebknecht and Luxemburg
fell as victims of their own terrorist
tactics," said Philip Scheidemann, Sec?
retary for Foreign Affairs in the Ebert
Cabinet, in a speeeh at Cassel to-day.
The Socialist newspaper "Vorwarts,"
while condemning the lynching of the
Spartaean leaders, also sees in their
death the natural resuit of the victims'
appeal to the lowest passions ?nd vio?
Late to-night the whereabouts of the
bruised, battered and bullet-perfor
ated body of Rosa Luxemburg contin
ues to be the most puzzling feature of
the tragedy which brought to a tem
porary halt all Spartaean and Bol?
shevik activities in Germany.
The military authorities are still in
yei tigating the action of tlie command
ing'olAcer assigfied to the motor car
which was supposed to carry the woman
to the Moabit jail, and which halted
just long enough to pcrmit a stranger
to jump on the running board and fire
the fatal shot.
The date oT the interment of Dr.
Liebknecht has not yet been decided
upon, but it was stated he zvould not be
buried iu Berlin. Any attempt to make
his funeral the pretext for a demonstra
tion will meet with opposition by the
The work of rounding up the crim
ir.al element and unauthorized bearers
of arms is proceeding satigfactorily
and full protection for Sunday's elec
tions in Greater Berlin seems aasured,
LONDON, Jan. 18 (By The Associated
Press;. I'he Independent. Socialists of
Berlin asseri lhat Dr. Karl Liebknecht,
who was shot and kiiled on Thursday,
did not attempt to escape from an
escort of troopr, ?but was shot through
lhe forehead at a few paces distance
bj soldiers guarding him, according to
a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exehange
Telegraph Company. The "Freiheit"
Continued on fxige four
Foeh May End
Germany Must Fulfil All Lat?
est Conditions to Gain An?
other Renewal, Paris Hears
Famine Cry ls Believed
U. S. Likely to Get Big Teu
lonic Liners by Proposed
Division of Seized Ships
I'ARIS, Jan. 18.?Marshal Foch, ac?
cording to thc "Matin," will immedi?
ately break off the armistice with Ger?
many if the conditions of thc armis?
tice are not fulfilled.
The Allied commander in chief, the
newspaper adds, does not believe that
the Germans exaggerate when they cry
"Famine." The situation of the pop
ulations of Austria and Prussia, the
marshal is quoted as saying, is near
the starvation point.
Germany still possesses an army. the
marshal declared, but the Allies hold
the Rhine, which constitutes a formi
dable strategical barrier. Marshal Foch
is said to have declared that he did
not believe a -Bolshevik invasion
through Germany to France was pos?
All the great German liners and thc
more important of thc other German
passenger steamcrs, including the huge
Impei'ator, may be placed on the North
Atlantic route to transport American
troops homeward, under the agree?
ment for the extension of the German
armistice signed at Treves. The German
mercantile fleet, virtually in its entirety,
is placed at the disposal of the asso?
ciated governments to be distributed
among them in accordance with the
? needs of the various nations. Only
I some of the smaller steamships are
I left to the Germans.
Britain to Take Smaller Ships
The allotment of the steamers
among the associated powers will be
governed partly by the respective
j needs of the nations and partly by
tho suitability of the steamers for use
on particulir routes. The gianl liners
like the Imperator and the otherfebig
modern steamcrs finished during the
I war are too deep in draught to pass
through the Suez Canal. "Hence Great
: Britain will take the moderate-sized
steamers for thc Australian serviee.
The smaller steamers that are left to .
the Germans are for their needs in
the Baltic coastal traffic.
Equitable remuneration for thc use
Contimied on page twelve
Exacting a Pound of Flesh That Lies Very Near the Heart
I HAST A SURCEOH, SHYLOCK-J
| TO STOP HIS WOUNDS LPST )
MY? BLEED TO DEATH ? J
Parley Leaders Focus Peace Aims
President Poincare and Premier Cle f Ffance, Pi
Wilson, und Premier Lloyd Georg, Great Britain, delivereda
es at the opening of the peace conf ?? nee u Park yesterday '.n whicl
? ''" discus .ed the tremc) don ? \ .. ,? ,, ,.,?..,.
tions. Salient extracts fn m their ?, -
"Ii you are to remake the map of the world d ia in the name
of the peoples, and one condition is that you shall faithfully intei
pret their thoughts and respect the rights of nations, great and
small. to dispose of themselves. and reconcile with this the equal
ly sacred right of ethnical and religious minorities a foi*midable
task which science and history, your two advisers. will
tribute to assist and facilitate."
"We are trusted to do a great thing, to do it in the highest
spirit of friendship and accommodation, and to do it as promptly
as possible in order that the hearts of men may have fear lifted
from them and that they may return to those purposes of life
which will bring them happiness and eontentment and pro;
Premier Lloyd George
"The world is thirsting and hungering for peace. There are
millions of people who want to get back to the world work of
peace. ?And the fact that M. Clemenceau is in the chair will be
proof that they will get there without any delays which are due
to anything except the difficulties which are essential in what we
have to perform."
"All . . . must be subordinated to the necessity ot" a
closer and closcr union among the nations who have taken part in
this great war and to the necessity ot' remaining friends. For
the league of nations is here. It is yourself. It is for you to
make it live, and to make it live we must have it really in our
U. S. Will Cut
To a Minimum
March Says Men Who Arc
Not Absolutely Needed
Will Return From France
W ASHINGTON, Jan. 18.?The Amer?
ican forces in France and in the oc?
cupied territory o? Germany are to be
reduced to the minimum strength "con
sistent with our national obligations,"
General March. chief of staff, an?
nounced to-day. He added that Gen
eral Foch had been informed of this
policy by General Pershing.
What strength is to be maintained is
under discussion now by American mil?
itary offieials aml the Allied military
ieadm-s. \'o report has been received
indicating the number of divisions to
be sup'plicd by the United States, but
General March was positive that it
would be far less than the thirty di?
visions given in unofficial reports as
the probable American military co.n
N\ill Keep Force Needed
The American force for the occupied
zone was fixed by international agree?
ment at the time the armistice was
signed. General March said Marshal
Foch undoubtedly would refuse to
permit a reduction of his total strength
to a point, where it would bc inade?
quate to handle any possible dis
Demobilization of all army units in
the United States has been ordered,
General March announced, with the ex
ception of the regular army regiments
needed for camp guard purposes and
various detachments necessary to con
tinue the demobilization process. The
total now listed for demobilization is
101,000 Men Back Home
I'he troops actually returned from
France for demobilization now number
10-1.000. This gives a grand total or?
dered discharged of 1,281,000, of whom
768,626 men and Gl,593 officers have
been discharged to date.
Tlie rate of discharge again is near
ing the maximum capacity of 1,000 men
a camp a day, after an ntcrruption of
In addition to the regular regiments.
the exceptions from the blanket de?
mobilization order include the cavalry
on the Southern border, coast artillery
Lroops in the coast defenccs. detach
ments at ports and the medica! per
sonnel. This last force now num?
bers 95,000, but General March said
it v.'ould be reduced gradually as tho
number of men it had to care for iva
Wounded Men Aided
oi lparing the American mi thod o
: nobi :ation with the French, General
March called attention to the fact that
,he French army was being broken up
by serviee classes. Within tho c
the only priority given ia according
the number of children dependent upon
he soldier for support, the met: with
four or five children being given firs
N'ewspaper comment in France, Gen?
eral March said, indicated that I .-?
French government was having the
same difficulty with public opinion over
slow demobilization as had been <?:;
perienced in England.
Surgeon General Ireland'. attention
having been called to a published re
porl thal wounded soldiers undergoing
rcconstruction instruction were forced
to purchase tlu' raw materials upon
'- hich they v < rked, General March
i; ? i ? ; ? ion lo say thal ti - pi -.. r,.
i'"it ? .- ; I'o ;." . uch material. Hc
i'.so i pecii - .,!!>? dcuicd nnothei , ub
iahed n porl thal the War Depart?
ment wn3 holding up reports of co
For All Ideals
! President Is Reported as
I Disillusionized at Stand
> of the Other Delegates
By Frederick Moore
.v. w j ork rri&zo e
."';). cial I'ablr S< 1
Copjz-ig l, New y r
PARIS, Jan. 17. According to one re?
port of la?rt night's debate in the Cham?
ber of Deputies, Premier Clemenceau
"I read this morning a telegram
which should have appeared in The
New York Tribune, in which
stated that Pi\ ident Wilson saw him?
self obligcd to threaten the Allies to
j withdraw American troops from our
front and gn away himself unless he
I were conceded certain of his demands.
; i have no need to say what was the re
? ply of Presidenl Wilson when T showed
him this telegram.
" 'What an abom nable lie!' he de
W ithoul d . the quest ion of
ber The Tribune dispatch was cor
?? rectly quoted in the Chamber of Depu
? ties, and without going more into de?
tails of tiie situation between Prc^.
| denl Wilson and other members of the
peace conference than already has-been
i done in previous dispatches, I should
| like to add that 1 have received further
i confzrmation to-day that Mr. Wilson
disillusionized at finding to
what extent the attitude i sonn ?;? ?
::;?' -? appears to vary from that which
he had honed to meet in Europe.
Can'l Carry All Ideals
According to my informant Mi V\
son has not been entirely disheartened,
'.;i'i will light with al! tlze pers
at his command to obtain the adoption
of hi=! views. Nevertheless, he already
| sees the impossibility of realizing .
foi'eign country, . to ^ubmit
all questions at issue between i. n
and others to the judgment of publ
opinion. He feels tiia' lie cannot. in
his present position, without discour
tesy, appeal directly to nublic opinion,
but he intends, as soon as iie reaches
America, fully to revea! to Americans
information which he does nol feel en
: itled to withhol I.
Meanwh ile the Pn
t!c but acquiesci ? ?
? , geni ral opinion of the confi
e r w h e 1 i
1 am told thal wh? n
' a< ? as was agitated al a meeting of
tlze peai ites, and Premii r ( le
m< nceau proposed the ii sue of a
communique for everybody, Mr. Wilson
rnly eppos,'; the idea up to the
point b< yond w ? ich diplomatic :?? ?
ition cannot go, 1- for< he gave in, for
il is the etiquette of the peace meet
inga thal all , ,; be unani
Compromise Is Irged
Mr. Wilson's opponents outside the
<"? ??''' " nee -. who do not share his
?'. argue that since it is i ertnin
thal ? ? Prei idrnt wi!! not lie able t'i
f ire ? upon the world -.ich a league o
ike war impo
('ontinued on page three
irst Ta*k I
Preinier Says Congress
Miu?t I i\ Responsibilitv
for \\ ar and Its Crimes
Session Convened With ;i
Fanfare of Trumpels
and Military Ponin
PARIS, Jan. 18 Bj Thi \ o
l'; e pe
to be h
ol the world are now c< I
opened this ai
de :;. Paix.
to the elect ion of Georgi -
the )-'ri nch Pr< nier,
i I airman of the i
of vjplcome by the Pn - di
Frei ch Ri p ibl c Ra mond I
? . I'..
mier Lloyd George and Baron J -
were characterized b;
'??? sting fi ei dship ai d th. pp ?
termination of the repre -
the various nations to come to ai
cable understanding v th resp <?? to
that, according to custoni. -
grc^eting his utterances, g
solemnity t0 the scene.
of the Co;:
?" outline of th.
| larger general
!'' BPon for the war, r.
i bility for crimes during 11
The h ague i
"Our ambition . a
one," ,. d ?? v,. .
to avoid a n -
! which bathei .' ?
cable we must all remain ui
carry out our prof
in an effective mani
Jurists Rule on Ex-Kaiscr
for the open
peace i I I
. i ?' h o
'1 he Italian Belgian, Brs :i
ban, Haytian, I
1 ecl .- ouakian r
at the Siamese, Rumanian. 1
Accorded Military Honorn
As ' ons arrived
-on^pn ? ce I hi y
were an oi ..
o'clock was the signal for a d
? iwds. Tl ?
bj Secretai Lans g Mr. Whit4
Genera] Bliss. and exchanged gree
with the Bril
Wilson Listens \ttentive!>
?1 . ' at 3 o'clock a ruffle i
and blare of trun
h of M Poincare
a hush '
momcnl of 'ne
Poincare I nd <
i ::' l'e ::- em b