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ALL MERCHAXT>ISE ADVER
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. 1AXV.UI No. 26,369
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials- Advertisements
Cloudy to-day, probably rain; ci>arin?
to-morrow and not mnch change
in temperature. Fresh soath
to southwest winds.
Nozv Vork Triliune Iizcl
SIXDAV, JAM AR Y 26, 1019?SIX PARTS?SIXTY-SIX PAGES
FIVE CEXTS ??*&
Peace Conference Unanimous for League Project;
World, Declares Wilson
Hire All Idle
Men, Plea of
SeC v Wilson
Forcsccs Era of Unexam
pled Prosperity if Wage
Stamlard Is Maintained
Mitchell Has Plan
He Would Let Farmhands
Leave Army First, Then
the Factorv Workers
Developments in the uncmployment
situation yesterday were as fol?
Business men everywhere were
urged by Secretary of Labor Wil?
son to hire all the men they can.
Secretary Wilson predicted an era
of unexampled prosperity, but
decla - wages must be kept
high rnpt work found for
den* en in order to tide
over the transitiqn period.
Front thi offices of the United
Council of National De?
fence Grosvenor 13. Clarkson si
multaneously sent out a telegram
ate Councils of Defence,
arging immediate acceleration of
public works in prder to supply
the discharged soldiers.
B ioklyn Chamber of Com
( rum John Mitchell advo
ii lustrial instead of a
military demobilization as a solu?
tion of the crisis that has erisen.
I-'arm workers. he maintained,
should be released first, then men
formerly emp loved in factories
engaged in the preparation of
. and after them men whose
er jobs were dehnitely as
isured to them.
Hhat the order issued by Secretary
Baker, whereby men may remain
in the service until jobs are as
them wiU not materially
yrate the present situation is
contention of George W.
Kirchwey, director of the State
Federal Kinployment Bureau.
The Advisory Board of the New
Vork State Employment Service
took a similar view, and yesterday
afternoon passed a resolution of
protest to Secretary Baker against j
thte present method of demobiliza- I
Big Trade Boom Will
Says Secretary Wilson
ampled prosperity for this
Country for ten years will follow the
*afe passage of the period of recon- j
struction end demobilization, Secretary
of Labor Wiiliam B. Wilson said yes?
terday in a gpeech at a luncheon ai
bawyers' Club. To tide over that
18 men must bejr;in opera?
tion; at once and keep them KoiiiK
wi a scale equal to or greater than;
war, he said.
I ?- gave waroing, however, that any
to redace wages materially,
? a period of indiiHtrial un
and prevent prosperity. "The
scute problem now facing the coun-;
:-r>." he said, " the demobilization of
the jirrriy and navy and the war work?
ers, and the establishment of the coun
rialiy on a normal post-war!
would bir easy if every
an fcit he ought to geti
? on aa large a pi ior to
? ?-. Mary buBineuH men, however,
>'. it would not he wi?e to rush
the thing to do
IS to wait until price; for material and
P*gea go down. 1 ? ,,? .-. ,,,,,. phase
'?' tn* tituation which thev should con
"?? ??? It WiU ' Ot be rr.oie than from
nonthi , (n my opinion, from
gning of the armistice until we
are getting into the post-war iwing.
Now Have Kaw Materialx
question of raw material is
? a \,rm,?.u\y; on* for the bu
'fifco to eor.sidtr in connection with the
re*umption und ittoraase. of production..
?wa oj the materials w? formerly ob
,"'"'-'? "OM other eoani r.ex nOW may
<>??? obtained here. The quewtion of
Weign trade iit more important, but
j-(. already have ber-,, taken tO care
w 't. Comwarclal attaches, sent by j
M government to various countries,
w ippliad tbe neeessary knowledgo
tfiw trrJ'! ?? to b- had Cradfts
?attable to the country daalt with have
9r<mU4 for through tiie Federal
?Morve aet, authorlztng branch I
?? i.muA Htatai hM rtstthod such
SU \ "'"? Vn'f- ,f "?i?tal??d, trana
Pmation for foreign trade is assured.
*'.*'? UndoubUdlsr Wil1 ??? ?? "'
?y** '" demand. Ail linen of !ndustry
ContAnued tm page Un
27th Home About Feb.22
77th Will Sail Mareh 5,
TffASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?
** The 27th Division (New
York National Guard), may bc
expected to arive at New York
about February 22, according to
information reaching the War
A cablegram from the embark
ation authorities in France said
arangenients were being made to
put the 27th on board transports
about February 15. The 77th
(New York National Army), is
expected to sail from France
about Mareh 5.
The following organizations
have been assigned to early con?
voy: 16th, 116th and 32d Field
Battalions, Signal Corps; 10th
Army Artillery Park, less 3d Bat?
talion; 854th Company, Trans?
To Soldiers of
Every Man in Command Is
Assured a Place After
Return to New York
By Wilbur Forrest
New York Tribune
Spi i ial Cable Service
(Copyris-ht, 1919, New York Tribune inc.)
DIVISION, CHATEAU VILLAIN, Jan.
!:?">.- -Tho graves of all the soldiers
who died fighting zvith the 77th Divi?
sion in France will bu _re-markerl with
concrote hznzdpieces decorated with
miniatures of the Statue ot' Liberty,
according to plans announced hen- t.i
In addition, the Division Associa?
tion, formed by the leading officers,
undertakes to furnish every member of
the command zvith a good position in
civil life before the division is dis
Officers of ? number of thc smaller
divisional units already have pledged
themselves to employ every man under
their command. For others blanks
zvere distributed from divisional head
rjuarters for the listing of tho qualifi
eations of the nien for future em?
Old Jobs Are IMedged
To the amazement of General Alex?
ander and his staff, only about 20 per
cent of these bliuiks have been re?
turned, and a partial investigation
shows that a majority of the troops
have agreements with former employ?
ers to return to their old placns when
they are discharged, or have been
promilsed positions by their immedi
Divisional officers declared to-day
rhat when the big tnansports carrying
the 77th poke their noses into Now
York Harbor every man will know cx
aclly what reversion to civil life holds
In a few days an officer, yet to be ap?
pointed, will leave for Nezv York to
get in touch with various wealthy per
sons who have previously shown in- j
terest in thc division, and with them j
will atrange in detail an employment
system wjiich will be all complete by I
the tirne the division reeches home.
(iraves Are Cheeked ( p
Perhaps no system of checking up'
has been more complete with any di- !
vision than the 77lh*s in locating and:
rnarking the graves of its dead, from j
the Yesle to the Argonne and the
Meuse. Working under the direction |
of the divisional adjutant, who now
hoids the records, the chaplains of the
various regiments often braved heavy
fire to rrnark the graves and sketch
rough rnaps showing their exaet loca?
Many times ihe landmarks of these
graves have been obliterated by shell
lire, but zvith thi- records now in the1
handq of the adjutant there can be i
few, if any mistakes. ' i !
Among the graves easiest lo locate '
to-day ere the half acre of neatly lined!
?i,iM- wooden crosses on a little hill!
in the Argonne Forest, where the men \
of Whittlesey's famous "Lost. Bat
talion" fought their last fight. They
refuse to call it the "Lost Battalion"
here in the Metropolitan Division now.;
It was the "Beleaguered Battalion,"}
they will perhaps proudly tell you, buti
it was never lost.
A complete investigation of every;
detail of the storv of the "Beleaguered I
Battalion" ban just been flnisbed, and!
the feat. oT Whittlesey's men will go '
down in the book of division history
now being written by Major Adler, a
former New York newspaper man, a;z
the most gloriouH In tho dlvlslon's
How one man held on though weak
eriad by seven wounds; how the others,
Continued on page ten
Patriotic Newark Luniber
man Crazed When He
Sees Nephew in Uniform
Vainly Tried to Enlist
Friends Believe Bertram Rip
ley, Former Princeton
Athlete, Was.1 Demented
NEWARK, N. J., Jan. 25.?Seized '
with an attack of dementia, Bertram
R. Ripley, a retired lumbcr brokor and I
member of one of the city's oldest j
families, walked, into the library of |
his home this morning and shot and
seriously wounded his wife. Mrs.
Marion Ripley and Sergeant Maitland
Petrie, his nephew. Ripiey then turned
the revolver on himself and sent a :
, bullct through his right temple. Mrs.1
Ripley and Sergeant Petrie were re
moved to thc Presbytcrian Hospital.
They are in a critical condition. Rip?
ley died at 12:30 p. m., remaining un
conscious since the shooting.
Investigation of the tragedy by Dr.
1 Charles II. Randall, tho family physi
cian, revealed that Ripley had been
! suffering from mental distress because
he had not entered military serviee,
and the sight of Sergeant Petrie's ma?
rine uniform is believed to have
prcyed on the man's mind.
Ripley had breakfasted with his
! wife, mother-in-law, Mrs. Marion Do
remus, Sergeant Petrie and the three
I children about 8 o'clock. Mr. and .Mrs.
j Ripley had been to the theatre last
' night, and they discussed the play aad
talked pleasantly While in the break?
fast room, according to the nurse,
Jle Shonts Sergeant
At 8:30 Mrs. Ripley went into the '
j library and began reading a news
I paper. Sergeant Petrie followed her ;
| in and was sitting in a chair reading
a letter from his mother, Mrs. Charles
Ripley, of Point l'leasant. Ripley
went to an upper room and a few j
j minutes later came down stairs, meet- i
l ing the nurse on the steps.
"Where is my wife?" Ripley asked. I
The nurse said she told him Mrs. |
Ripley was in the library. "His eyes
had a strange glassy look; 1 never saw ;
Continued on fxif/e four I
British Stop Building
Warships During Parley
T ONDON, Jan. 25.?Nothing is
-*?' likely to be definiely settled
as to Great Britain's naval pro?
gramme until after tlie close of
the peace conference, it was
lejtrned by Reuter's. In the mean
time, orders have been given to
suspend work on the construction
of war vessels, including' light
cruisers, still in the yards.
The British and American dcle
gations in Paris are working to
hastcn the proceedings of the
peace conference ond obtain early
decisions which .would enable thc
peace terms to be presented to
Germany, according- to the Paris
correspondent of "The Daily
St. Enda's College
ln Duhlin Seizecl
Bv British Troops
Famous Gaelic School Was
F o u 11 tl ed I>y Padriac
PearseJ Executed as Lead?
er of thc Sinn Fein Kevolt
DUBL1N, Jan. 3.3. Thc military au?
thorities have seized St. Enda's Col?
lege, in Dublin County, founded by
; Padraic Pcarse, who was executed in
connection with the Eastcr rcbcllion
The meeting of the Irish Unionist
[Alliance yesterday resulted in a split
I of that body and thc secession of its j
president, Viscount Midleton, and
about sixty members. The cause of
| th dissension was u resolution pro?
posed by Lord Midleton wbich in ef
j feet would exclude representatives of
Ulster from thc deliberations of the
alliance on any Home Rule scheme '
involving the separation of Ulster
from the rest of Ireland. Tha alli
ance ia an organization of Unionists
in Southern treland.
After the withdrawal of Lord Midle?
ton and his followers they formed a
new organization to bc called thc
Unionist Anti-Partition League.
Padraic Pcarse, "Provisional Presi?
dent of Ireland," was executed in Dub
lin on .May ."., 1916. At thc time of
thc Eastcr rebellion he was in charge
of St. Enda's which hc had founded
after leaving the editorship of "The
Gaelic .Tournal." Tho school was!
founded principally for the propagation
of Gaelic language und literature. Ai
fund for thc endowment of St. Enda's :
is being raised in the United States.
e DoorUnob Has llalehei
Says He Is
Mankind Is No Longer
PawD and Wishes Must
Be Kespected, He Avers
Society Must Be
"Eye of Nations"
Insists Only Emancipation
From the Old System
Will Beget Real Peace
PARIS, Jan. 25.?When the second
session of the full peace conference
met this afternoon it was addressed by
President Wilson on thc subject of a
league of nations. The President de
c'ared thc conference had solemn ob-,
ligations to make a permanent settle
Thc present conference, the Presi?
dent added, couid not complete its
work until some further machinery of
settlement should bc set up.
"We are not here alone," he said,
"as representatives of governments,
but as representatives of peoples, and
j in the settlements we make we need
to satisfy, not the opinions of govern?
ments, but thc opinion of mankind." -
President Wilson continued that a
league of nations must be a vital
thing, and not casual or occasional. It
must have continuity.
"it, should bo tie cye of nations, an
eye which never slumbers,' 'he de?
On his travels, lhe President said,
people everywhere ha'd greeted the
league as the first thing in their in
"Sclect classes of men no longer di?
rect the affairs of the world," said the
President, "but the fortunes of the
world are now in the hands of the nlain
The wish of thc people must be
lieard, he said. The war had .swept
away those old foundations by which
small coteries had "used mankind as
pawns in a game." Nothing but eman?
cipation from the old system, he con
tended, would accomplish real peace.
rhe President saw American soldiers
in the street, soldiers who had come
not alone for war.. but as "crusaders'in
a great cause." And he added: "And I,
like. them, must be a crusader, zvhat
ever it costs to accomplish that end."
Offieial World League Plan and Reports
On Great Issues Before Peaee Parlev
pARIS, Jan. 25.?.4 series of resolutions dealing with thc creation of a ?
league of nations; inquiries into responsibility for the war, on repara- I
non, international legislation and international control of ports: water-\
ways and railroads was brought before to-day's session of the peace con
Thc conference unanimously adopted the following resolutions:
ON THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
"That it is essential to the maintenance of the world settlement
which the associated nations are now met to establish that a league
of nations be created to promote international obligations and provide '
safeguards against war. This league should be created as an integral
part of the general treaty of peace, and should be open to every
civihzed nation which can be relied on to promote its objects.
"The members of the. league should periodically meet in interna?
tional conference, and should have a permanent organization and
secretanes to carry on the business of the league in the intervals
between the conferences.
"The conference therefore appoints a committee representative
of the associated governments to work out the details of the constitu?
tion and the functions of the league and the draft of resolutions in
regard to breaches of the laws of war for presentation to the peace
The following additional resolutions were submitted to the
"That a commission composed of two representatives apiece from
the tive great powers and live representatives to be elected by the
other powers be appointed to inquire and report upon the following:
"First: The responsibility of the authors of the war;
"Second: The facts as to breaches of the laws and customs
of war committed by the forces of the German Empire and their
allies on land, on sea and in the air during the present war;
m "Third: The degree of responsibility for these offences at
Taching to particular members of the enemy's forces, including
members of the general staffs and other individuals, however
"Fourth: The constitution and procedure of a tribunal ap
propriate to the trial of these offences;
"Fifth: Any other matters cognate or ancillary to the above
which may arise in the course of the inquiry, and which the com?
mission iinds it useful and relevant to take into consideration."'
! ON REPARATION
"That a commission be appointed which shall comprise not more
than three representatives apiece from each of the five great powers
and not more than two representatives apiece from Belgium, Greece,
Polarid, Rumania and Serbia, to examine and report:
"First, on the amount of reparation which the enemy countries
ought to pay; second, on what they are capable of paying, and, third,
on the method, the form and time within which payment should
be made." *
ON INTERNATIONAL LEGISLATION
"That a commission composed of two representatives apiece from
the five great powers and five representatives to be elected by the
other powers represented at the peace conference be appointed to in?
quire into the conditions of employment from the international
aspect und to consider thc international means necessary to secure
common aetion on matters affecting conditions of employment and
to recommend the form of a permanent agency to continue such
inquiry and consideration, in cooperation with and under the direction
of the league of nations."
ON INTERNATIONAL CONTROL
"That a commission composed of two representatives apiece from
the live great powers and five representatives to be appointed to
inquire and report upon the international regime for ports, waten
ways and railways."
Allies \Poliey May Give Rein
To Terror, Says Wickersham
Bolsheviki Left Free to Pursue Murders Tactic,
While Hands of Victims Are Tied; Danger of
Alliance With Germany Seen bv Tribune Man
By George W. Wiekersham
New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
it'opyilglit, 1919, Nczv York Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, Jan. 24 (delayed).?The de?
cision of what may be called the execu?
tive committee of the peace. conference |
concerning Russia is the most impor- j
tant event that has occurred since
President Wilsons' arrival in France.
While Premier Clemenceau has united
with the President and tlze other pre
miers in approving what has been
called "the proposal of President Wil?
son," the almost undivided sentiment
of the French press, as well lzs certain
English newspapers, condemns the rec?
ognition of Bolshevism implied in thc
invitation, to every organzzed group
that is now exercisinsr or attempting to
exercise political authority or military
control anywhere in Siberia or within
the boundaries of Furopean Russia as
they stood before tlze war just con?
cluded, exeept in Finland," to send rep?
resentatives to Princes' Island to meet
those of tlze associated pozvers, with
the view to ascertaining the wishes of
the.Russian people and brihging about
some understanding whereby Russia
may work out her own purposes and
"happy cooperative relations be estab?
lished between her people and the
other peoples of the world."
Why Princess Island should have
been selected for the rendezvous ia a
subject of much speculation. There
aro ou it a few deserted palaces and
several slzabby hotels. It is accessible
only by boat from Constantinople, by
which alll supplies also must be tz'aizs
Plais Called Wilson's
The plan is characterixed in the
^jtux* as that of President Wilson,
Actually the credit belongs to Premier !
Lloyd Ceorge, for it was he who first
suggested-the bringing of the Russian
groups and leaders into a conference
with the associated powers1. The only I
change made in the programme con- '?
sists in the substitution of Princess
Island for Paris as the meeting place.
The official communique is understood
to have been drafted by Mr. Wilson. Its '
language supports that assumption.
Xot content with tlze statement of !
the actual grounds for extending the
invitation, the communique elaborates
protestations of friendship for the |
Russian people and tlze recognition of
their right to "direct their own af- i
fairs without dictation or direction of
any kind from outside." It goes fur?
ther. It contains this extraordinary j
"The associated pozvers recognize
the revolution without reservation, and
will in no way and uz no circumstances
aid or give countenance to any at?
tempt at counter revolution. It is
j not their wish or purpose to favor or
assist any one of the organized groups
| now contending for the leadership and
guidance of Russia as against the
Bolshevism Is Dignified
?Thus Bolshevism is elevated to the
I same place as the governments of
Omsk, Archangel and other districts
which" have been striving to establish
foci of social order wherein some pro?
tect ion should be afforded to life,
liberty and property as against tho
anarchy. confiscatlon, torture and mur?
der which charactcrizes Bolshecism.
Tht! "1^mP8'"_ in restrained but
Continued on next page
Open to All
Committee of 15 Author
ized to Draft a Plan
for Society of IVations
President and House
Similar Organization to
Determine War Blame
and Assess Penaltiea
PARIS, Jan. 25. The peace confer?
ence at its second open session to-dRy
unanimously adopted tlze league of na?
tions project and afterward made pub?
lic the draft of the preliminary reso
lutions looking to the creation of the
The preliminary draft for a league
of nations says the league should have
a permanent organization to carry on
the business between meetings of in?
ternational conferences of all the mem?
It says that the conference should
appoint a committee representative of
all the governments to work out the
details of the constitution and func
tions of the league.
Commission of Fifteen Authorized
The draft calls for the appointment
of a? commission composcd of two rep?
resentatives of the five great powers
and five representatives of the other
powers to inquire and report on the re?
sponsibility of the authors of the war.
This commission shall also inquire into
breaches of the laws and customs of
war committed by Germany and her al?
lies and land and sea and in thc air
during the war, as well as thc degree
of responsibility for these offences at
taching to particular membe'rs of the
enemy forces, "including momberj of
the general staffs and others, however
President Wilson and Colonel Housff
are the American members of the con
ferce commission on the league of na?
Wilson to Withhold Views
1'az id Lloyd George, British Premier,
at. to-day's session was expected to dis
cuss the British plan for a league of
nations, the outlines of which were
published in the United States for the
first time to-day, which would have ful
tilled predictiors that President Wilson
would leave to one of the European
statesmen the opening of the subject,
withholding the exposition of his own
views for the iuture.
The French, British, American and
Italian associations advocating a leagun
of nations have decided to elaborate
their plan for joint meetings. Th#
first session will be held Sunday, and
will be presided over by I>eon Bour
geois, the former French Premier.
Wilson Inspired Warning
The warning issued yesterday by the
Supreme Council that territorial claims
must come before the confei-ence un
nzarked by attempts at possession by
force is very widely discussed here.
It seems to be generally acknowl
edged that President Wilson was the
author of the warning and that he
has a deep feeling in the matter be?
cause in at least one instance where
small obdies of American troops were
under other command they were used
to push forward into a territory where
thc native population would not" have
tolerated the forces of any European
power, but hailed the coming of the
Americans with joy.
ln some of these cases. after the
welcome had died down, the population
awoke to find that the American troop?
had departed and that their towns
were in the possession of troops of an?
Takes Summary Action
The President, it is known, took sum?
mary action to prevent the use of
American forces for such purposes.
He new has secured an agreement in
the peace conference to warn all na?
tions against such steps.
Some rapid and substantial tztrides
toward the real objects of the peace
conference are expected as a resuit of
tp-day's session. With the league of
nations question before them, the dele?
gates are expected to work continu
ously at the task. possibly ten hours a
President Wilson, it is said, has told
the delegates he would be wllling to
work ten hours a day until tangible
results are ready for announcement ta
the world. W'hile much of the ensuing
discussion will be in secret according
to the rule of'jzroceeaure now in force.
there is reason to believe that more
aassions may be public thao had beea