Newspaper Page Text
Wilson at lhe Conference
By Frank H. Simonds
?.: l. ! nmis lak ibly -^?,
erhaps, of many, bul
. This is nol thc
i ? of ii rccon
b ? " '? one, and,
tlu rc v ill be none.
, \ ii ?.-. ed fi
. than that from
ror of Ger
to acl inc i6pcra
nl okei harmony. In
men! .v'tll ol bc
>ei n I. It i ? po ?
ncc i nmor and
of ulti mat um -
II ? 1 .1 States, the
? ? . cai ol bc sepa
? -. ? ch may i
Born of Good Feeiing
I .... ... .... [cn ap.
oul of y:"'i(! rather than
incc, Italy and Eng
. :' IV- idenl Wil ion
? of thc people,
v. ? ? pecpli conl rasted with
c poli or s ic lly K' eat, as the
- . i Ir W il on was j
: -I ii- 'I sense as thc
..j. ... - , ty, as 1 he guarantor of
I ? : e was, at, nio.st, a.
n degree in Romc,
;' : . . i
. v :i to give 'Mr.
v. n almost tmique m
and 1 think he ro
? ;1 .'. ii ldcd by Bismarck
- :: far different sourccs -
and no man at the congress of
\ . : comparabje influence. It
was, : Eisure it rcmains, the
of greal masses of Euro?
pean pu ' al Mr. Wilson is to
brii :? peace to the world. He
has bcoi gure quite unlike that
who, fter all, are mortals known as
'?:: i; bul M r. Wilson is a
r' than a man.
Wilson Pnsses Firr.t
the temptations are
? ai i tr< mci dous, yet T think
ild be the general consensus
tl al th< Pn idi : I has acteil with
self-restraint. The first
ii ii. remained to
r he came as Cassar
or as a conferree went off satisfac
of people welcomed
him with an cnthusiasm which pnve
him oh\ iou power, but he made no
effort to use that power unfairly, un
reasonably or. so far, at all.
Thus. in a sense. after the lirst. period
of action tl President disappeared
from the public which had welcomed
him. He was losl to view and -this
? - Teafter nothing has
all things which were
most expected and are most desired.
What ' thought, what he
? ???.'. are on the main
? . ain unknown, not save
lby a ?'?-. , ? unknown to any single
France, On some. but
? ortant questions,
ei ' ed and that is all.
ot think any one can
nging of the people
< nal who have fought this
w ir - a return to the old
nces or 1 ife, for
not rely to the horrors
only less real
ting twilight /.one
p< i.i ? . In l-'rance,
? .< re ai z dis -
re is a tncas
to go home,
ern I n ope fam inc ^xists
? by day.
.r life pa '"
'-'. ? ; ern Europc.
r-noi Iy for little, not
? thc na
: di a r, carce, unsatisfac
trai portat or: ia hap
? cquent. In sum,
I avd as a con
thc war gone out of I '? .
nd the most int imatc
? press upon all peo
pri ure prrows their
? ?' as irnportaiit
Decision, Not Dcbate,
roni thi c condil
.- ,;. ma nd that
,.- ,.. '-..
ri nce. Thc world i be
pi acc, ai y
tion, and in tl
.. ? ?. ? word
I ? - '. rei , says
!f he has
a plan, as it is necessary to believe even ]
in the matter of the league of nations,'
the plan remains unknown.
I do not desire at this time to ? . m j
to criticisc I have been convinced, '
"?? I remain convinced, that the coming ,
ol th President. to Europe was in it- '
seli and by itself a great. contribution
olution of the most diflicult j
problem, that of making at least a
toierable peace. We shall have, 1 am |
sure, a better r.cace because Woodrowl
Wilson came to Europe than we should
have qbtained if he had stayed at I
Eis coming unchained forces 0f un
f--Nprc8sed and truly inarticulatc idcal
'Stn. I recall the commen't of a French'
servant of one of my friends. She
said after three hours of waiting and;
watching for the President, "Now that1
Mr. Wilson has come there is hope, i
isn t there'."' Poiiticians are politicians
the world over. The last diplomat will
differ very little from the first. Both
classes are in the end led by necessity
or driven by external pressurc. Mr. !
W ilson's coming set in motion a press- j
ure from masses of men and women in
many nations which has exe'rcised and;
is exercising a profound innuence upon j
the plans explored and the ends soughtl
within the conference.
So much has been gained and it will
hardly be lost. We shall harvest very ;
much of thal crop and in my judgment
will remain glad that the President
came; but to-day the world, the Euro i
pean world at least, finds itself begin- j
ning to be anxious?a shadc impatient j
as it sees tbe hope of definite results i
postponed. 1 repeat this postponement j
is not due to irreconeilable differences ;
or opinion nor to quarrels over princi- :
nles or provinces. Such differences wil] j
all be settled without quarrel because !
every one is determined to settlc them \
that way. The cause is the apparent
lack of programme.
Speedy Action Halted
By League of Nationt
?t is not, then, differences over na- j
tional claims; jt is not the demands of :
France in Germany or of Italy in Aus- '
tria which bloek the way. Imponder-'
able rather than tangible obstacles are'
holding us back. and chief among these I
is the present status of 'the league of
nations. England and France have ae- ;
cepted the Prcsident's doublc deter- i
mination- first, that there should be
a league and, second, that it should be
created by the treaty of peace rather
than postponed to a later conference
But neither England nc- France nor
America, for that matter has yet ar
rived at any coherent idea ofwhat Mr.
Wilson's view of a league of nations is
Has he a plan? Presumably?-but no
one knows, Will he announce it? Per
haps, but who can say?
And so the situation becomes more
and more puzzling because, like al]
human gatherings, the peace confer?
ence in Paris seeks a leader, and up
to the present hour the man whom cir
cumstances have marked for that role
gives no sign of the direction which
ho believcs should bc taken.
I desire to warn my American rcadcrs
against accepting sensational reports
of growing national differences. I do
not think any one can exaggerate the
fundamental good feeling which cxists
in England ;.nd in France, incidentally
in the oflicial world. but more strik
ingly amid the masses of the popula
tion, for the Presidcnt personally and
as the representative of his eountry.
We are three distinct nations with
totally difFerent manners and methods,
r.o longer associated in a common
struggle against the enemy?a situ
ilion in which all differences of man
ner vanish before the same conception
of duty. Instead we are engaged in
striving to exist, and our conditions
are equally hard on both sides of the
national fences; all the little latent
prejudices come to the surface; the
hcrocs, alas, have become quite ordi
nary human beings. Vou may henr in
every corridor, in every restaurant
go sip, half truths and truths of no
signilicance, broughr forward to provc
that everything in Paris marches tow?
ard discord and failure.
Peace Conference Like
Our National Convention
But all this is the small bcer of the
thing. A peace conference is like a
al convention in ourpolitics. The
j convention has a singlc function. It
, must nomir.ate a ticket; if it fails the
? lection will be lost. Therefore, with?
out exception,. conventions nomir.ate.
They frequer.tly begin with every sign
of collapse. There are opening days of
riva] booms and conflicting platform
prop - al Bul at a certain point har
mony comes out of discord. And it
: will he th" same in Paris for the same
:. on. The delegates to this conven?
tion will not attempt to go home with
oul a treaty of peace in their pockets.
Again, there is a superticial sense of
disappqiptment that a conference de
signed, at least in the public mind, to
bring about an enduring peace and a
nev. order in the world is engaged end
lessly in the discussion of territorial
rivalries and trade jealousies.
All these thing:-: are here and vinmis
takable, but idealism is not lacking
either. Bcyond all olse there is a clear
perception in the minds of the official
and even more in the minds of the un.
ifl i I, representatives of the various
? ? ' that a new spirit is stirring in
their own constituencies. Expectfng
SOLDIERS and Sailors returning to
civilian life have the opportunity
to replenish their Civilian Wardrobes
in this annual reduction sale of Weber
and Heilbroner suits and overcoats.
No Charge for Alterations
Ufeber ?? Heflbroner
Five Clothing Stores
30Broad 241 Broadway 1185 Broadway
44th and Broadway 42d and Fifth Avenua
miracles, many may ho disappointed;
but I do not believe then- is any rea
son to fear another Congres
lin, much less another Congress of
The day-to-day routine of 'the con?
ference has not yet acquired real value.
I'he great decisions are .til! to ho
made; the unmistakablc differences rf
main to be ironed out. All tha!
been done is in a very real pei
functory, but the way in wl icl
heen done is encouraging. If the
ference has not yel affirmai
marched in thc right direction then
is no mistaking the fact thal it has
avoided taking steps wl ich mighl
\olve thc surrendcr of principle
Dangers of Any Break
Have Becorne Remotc
It it has so far been conserval vc
it hns at no time been rcactionary
and has steadily shown a recogi
and an appreciation of the dai gi ?
any rcactionary coursc. in my
ment the great powers a - repre enti
at Paris are nearcr together thai Lhej
were two months ago, and tho '
of any break have becorne renioti
^ et at last I return to the .i
which 1 began. Mr. Wilson' ?-,. ? -.
opportunity remains, im* in a - i
passing; Europe want.-; peace and ! opi
for the millennium; it is ready to ac
cept his leadership io an unexpeeted
degree, but it. is beginning t.'. ask
whethcr he has a plan. Abstract prin
ciplcs must soon be transla'ted
concrete applications, and so far Mr
Wilson has refrained from gi>
sign not merely to Eloyd George
Clemenceau, but even to tlu- amiable
(Copyrtght; 1919, b> the McCIurc NTews
pn pt S\ ndlcato i
China Could Solvc
Problems if Lel
Alone, Says Mission
Unofficial Statement Asserts
Japan Plans to Establish
Settlcment at Tsing-tao
Under the 1915 Treaties
WASHINGTON', Jan. 28.?In a state?
ment to-night, commenting upon
that made in Paris yesterday by
Baron Makino, Japan's senior peace
delegate, regarding the attitude of
Japan in the peace conference and
toward the return of Tsing-Tao tn
C hina, the unofficial mission here of
the Canton Chinese government assert
ed that Baron Makino must, know thal
China's problems would hc quickly
solved if the Japanese ceased theit
nctivities in China. It also said it was
disappointing that thc baron failcd tn
indicate the nature of thc notes ox
changed by Japan and China in 1915,
under the terms of which it now was
proposed to restore Tsing-Tao.
The statement concludcd with the
declaration that the Chinese peace dei?
egation represented a united (.'hina am
that the delcgates were in completc
r.greement reparding essentials to bc
eubmitted to the conference. Twc
members of thc deiegation, it said
were former members of the Cantoi
"Tiie notes formed part of a set o?
treaties which Japan compelled China
to sign under a threat of war con
tained in an ultimatum dclivcred 011
May 7, 1915," said this statement. "Th.
notes contained, in Chinese opinion, ar
illusive undertaking on the part ol
Japan to return Kiaochau to China
subjeet to thc following conditions:
"'1. Opening of the whole of Kiao?
chau as a commercial port.
""2. Establishment of Japanese set?
tlcment in the locality to )>.- desig
nated by the Japanese government,
"'3. Establishment, if desired, by
the powers, of an international set?
" '4. Arrangements to he made, be?
fore the return of the said territory
is effected, between the Japanese and
Chinese governments with respect
to the clisposal of German public
cstablishments and properties and
with regard to the other conditions
"It will be notcd that these condi?
tions, b'esides limiting Chinese jurjs
diction as a result of opening thc whole
of Kiao-chau as a commercial port
and the establishment of an interna?
tional settlcment therein, provide foi
the establishment of a Japanese icl
tlcment in a locality to be designated
by the Japanese government."
Hurley to Return
Willi New Fqots
On Ship Problem
Data on Merchant Marine
Obtained in Europe, He
Says, Will Hrln Clear Ip
thr American Silualion
PARI; - : s-ard N. Hurb y.
head of the Shippinj I i :>yc>\
; . - tioi Lo* returi
United ! ati .. I - I . than when
.-,,.. . n c c _
Mr. liurh 'elt the Ami rican
peo] id dei rm i ! ivc and to
ma iff icient
in : ? i cerl n they woi
not bi dei dent oi ? - ng of ot her
nations foi lieii o ' :-,: and
thal I he cb n and for such -. hi] ping
.V; ?.'..; tho n ? signcd,
he conlinucd, he had recoj at a
great mai esl would ! ??
conncct i, n w tl \.merh an .-1 ipping
pr,..-:? : ?: lhat wculd roquii : "?'. ?
hand knowledge of 1 il ??.. - planncd
I to b, cl i . the other natioi cn
: "? ? 1 i'. : hipping, and he had i mc to
. Europe in Urs. connect i-on.
Mr. Hurley said, now that tiie war
; ; ressure had I ? en ri lieved, Americans
other ? ? re: ted with ? hi m in
iping und r American rfcgi ?try .verc
anxious for deiinitc informa on to set
lle three main questions, as follows:
What ;s the cbaracter and extent
; of the government construction pro?
What is the plan for continuing
| go\ idii mc nt operat ion 1
j If governmenl opcralion is to be
j discontinued, on what basis will the
? ships be ope?ratcd privately, and to
i what extent will government control
! be maintained?
Question of Type Important
Collateral to these questions, but also
: of greal importance, he declared, are
those that relate to the future con
: struction programmc, es to the number
i and type Of ships to be built, and
whether certain types of ships already
j constructed shall be autborized for
, foreign account.
Mr. Hurley also said that within tbe
j lasl sixty days he had secured much
'information on the construction pro
I gramme, operating problems and gen?
eral plans of the other maritime pow
. > r>. and ihe information had particular
referenee to questions now under dis
cussion in tbe United States. He fe-1
that as a result of his investigations
he will be able to presenl data which
should be of great. assistar.ee in de
termining the best future policy for
the American merchanl marine.
Some of the other maritime powers,
, Mr. Hurley added, have intimated lhat
\ the United States will have many diffi- -
culties in constructing and maintain
ing a merchant marine, but his investi
' gations did not lead him to believe
? those difficultics in any sense insuper-1
' able; in fact, he was convinced that
, a construction and operation pro-!
gramme could and will be dcvelopcd
which would give to the United States
what her peonle desired.
j Prirate \hmagcment.
i Urged for (L S. Marine
Members of the Traffic Club at their
dinner lasl night at the Waldorf
Astoria adopted rcsolutions calling
upon the government to inquirc into
the advisibility of constructing further
tonnage under the presenl shipping
(programmc which was draftcd for war
The rcsolutions also state "It is the
belief that private ownership nncl
nianagement are necessary to the
growth and succcssful nianagement of
our merchant marine" and urge re
ion of laws so that the crew ex
pense of Amcrican vessels will not be
so large as to prevent them from en
tcring into competition with ships of
foreign nati m
Before the rcsolutions were passcd
W. W. Campion, chairman of the club's
committee on ship building progress,
>aid that the net loss to the world'
tonnage during tbe war was 600,000
I tons and that ali of this would have
'been replaced before the end of this
PARIS I NEW YORK
For Prompt Cleara
Handsome Fur Coats ^ Wraps
RUSSIAN SABLE COAT
Formcrly $22,500.now $15,000
LUXURIOUS CHINCHILLA WRAJP
Formerly $1 5,000.?ow $8,500
Formerly $3,000.now $1,750
Formerly $2,000.now . $1,000
MOLE & HUDSON SEAL COAT
Formerly $875.now $575
Formerly $1,350.now $850
Formerly $950.,.now $750
Formerly $950.now $675
Formerly $850.now $550
BROADTAIL & HUDSON SEAL COAT
Formerly $950.now $650
NUTRIA WRAP COAT
Formerly $800.now $575
HUDSON SEAL CAPE COAT
Formerly $650.now $450
HUDSON SEAL COAT
Formerly $750.now $475
TAUPE CARACUL & HUDSON SEAL SHORT COAT
Formerly $495.now $300
SHORT HUDSON SEAL COATEES
Formerly $350.now. $250
SHORT MARMOT COATS, Au3tralian Opossum trim
Formerly $195...,.now.' $100
French'Watch on Rhine'
Forever, Says Gouraud
?/^OBLENZ, Jan. 28 (By The
ing Marshal Foch's opinion that
the French should remain on the
Rhinc, General Gouraud, under
whom the Americans fought in
the Champagne, made a similar
declaration to the American cor?
respondents whom he had invited
to luncheon at his quartcrs in
"The .Americans will go home
n peace is declared. and|the
British will go home when peace
is declared, but the French will
remain on the Rhine as a strat
egk- barrier," lie said.
"Ii. would never do, after the
sacrifices of the great war, to
!i ave open poh.ls where Germany
might again some day strike."
Al the Dvina
Contlnued from pn-sr 1
Bolsheviki attacked Shenkursk "the
On thc southern front, about 60
versts north of Tzaritzan, tiie message
says, "our detachments occupied Da
vidovka, forcing the enemy back to
STOCKHOLM, Jan. 2S.?Premier Le?
nine. according to a report from Re- i
val. has ordered the Bolshevik troops !
to retake the town of Xarva from the \
Esthonians within a week, to sack the
tov.n and to kill all the bourgeoisie.
Lenine is reportcd to be staying in I
the town of Yamburg. east of Xarva.
Allied F,oss at Shenkursk
Small, 11. S. Envoy Says
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. A*dispatch
to the State Department to-day from
Charge d'Affaires Poole at. Archangel
desoribing the evacuation of.Shenkur.sk
by American, Allied and Russian
troops in the face of s'uperior Bol?
shevik forees said the retirement was
accomplished successfully; that the
troops were in good condition and their
losses very small. About 600 civiliana
were being carcd for by the military
Abbey to Honor Roosevelt i
LONDON. Jan. 28. A memorial icr
vice for Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
is planned for Westminster Abbey at
a date not yet fixed. Such a service
for a foreigner is cxtremely rare.
The uncertainty about the date is
owing to the desire of Premier Lloyd
George to postpone the service until
the new Pnrliament is in session, so
all thc members may attend. The
Duke of Connaught, an old friend of
Colonel Roosevelt, actcd for the
Premier in obtaining the use of the
Abbey for the service.
While all arrangements are not yet
perfected it is expected that King
George nnd Quecn Mary will attend.
The Archbishop of Canterbury prob
ably will ofticiate.
cile in Strikes
In British Isles
(ontinufd from page t
Gravediggers joined the strike idi
st Labor newspaper, "Clai
reviewing i re ?ent ind strial unre-".
for "The Ma;':," writes:
" rhe ne w Labor Minister, Sir Rqb
ert Stevenson Horne, wi o e sinc, re
sympathy with tabor's desire for im
proved conditions in life has very fa
vorably impressed leaders . '" the traui s
unions, , i fesses ! is utter helplessness
in dealing with the grave problems
assailing him on his entrance to office.
"None ' f the present strikes has
been author th, exi cut ives of
the unions involvcd, and all are con
trary to official advice. Therefore, it
is obviously impossible for Sir Robert
to interfere, It is his po] c\ as Labor
Minister to support trades union ex
ecutives, as any other action would
only ?. eak, ?? r authority and
st rengthen tb, hands of I liose who
have disobi :? ed insl rud ioi
No Change on the Clyde
There is no change :: I e I iat ion
on the Clyde, where 20,000 hip> ar i
rs are out, nor in London, where
15,000 ship repairers are striking, and
have refused an offer to refer the
question of waj es to a ?? mn tt
To these must be add, d 2-1,1 10 ?
shire minors, 6,000 South Walei miners,
5,000 Edinburgh shipwrights, 1,000
Manchester dockers, 1,000 Sou ri W ale
shipyard men and a number of Glasgow
municipal w orkers.
Except in London, where the ques
:' m at stake is one of wages, all these
strikes are due to a demand for shorter
hours, with the same privileges and
wages as prevailed when longer hours
Strikers Attaek Shops
BELFAST, .Jan. 28.?Strikers at
tacked shops here last night, seeming
to centre their assanlts on stores
One large store, which generates
its own electricity and was brilliantly
illuminated, was stoned by the mob.
The plateglass show windows were
smashed and women's clothing exhib
ited there was carried away. In an?
other district a saloon was broken open
and liquor was taken by the mob.
Police who were dispersing riotors
were fired upon, but at last succeeded
in restoring order.
Rail Strike Leader
Arrested in Paris:
Unions Make Protest
PARIS, Jan. 28. Following the "mln
ute strike" on the Paris, Lyons and
Mediterranean Railway on Saturday,
Leon Midol, secretary of the Pa'ris,
Lyons and Mediterranean Union, was
arrested, tho railroad still being oper
ated by the miiitary authorities. He
will be court-martialed. An account
of the incident published in the
"Matin," which shows two black spaces
where it was censored, says that other
arrests are imminent.
The news aroused the headquarters
of the National Railroaders' Union.
and a delegation called at the office
of Premier Clemenceau yesterday. The
Premier was absent, and the union
delegation will call again to-day. Min?
ister Claveille received a delegation
of Socialist Deputies yesterday, his de
p'artment having authority over rail
roads. A vigorous protest was made,
according to "Humanitc," the delega?
tion pointing out to M. Claveille that
the methods he adoptcd in the matter
were not without danger,
A strike of electrical workers which
Broadway at 34th St. A r^
Will Hold Today and Thursday
Sale of Smart Coats
Tn Kcgnlar and Large Sizes
Rcgularly $39.50 to $45
C oats tailorcd cspecially for women requir
iu<_>' sizcs .'M io 521U, hut possessing al] thc
bcauty of line, all thc originality and youth ol'
regular size models. Cut along straight lines to
minimize the figure and create a slender appear
Fashioned of Finc Quality Wool Velour
- ? . _
lined throughotft and warmly interlined.
For Southern Resort Wear
Fasliion's Newest Skirts
Light, cool-Iooking skirts,
in the very newest and
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troduced for Southern re?
sort wear, exquisitely
t h td bc en exp
'? ? . - 11 m
-'? s ag I ? - ?
Jo; .i Luxembnrg Said To
Be Alive and in Hiding
COPEXH \GEN, Jai . 2P A Mu
- ? been learned i
at R ' uxemburg, w ho
vas reported to havi b< n s-hi
Dn January 15 in alive
ai the housi
. . ?
19 Ships Held Up by
Buenos Avres Strike
BUEXOS AYRES. Jan. 28. Bi
of ti at tanl : teams lips.
I 16 we r ? '? ,
? -??rt i
ci ops could
? ' : .?' ii f th - ui ibei i
of the total assets of tho
S.vings Banks of New
York State is invested in
mortgages on real estate.
LAWYERS MORTGAGE CO.
^CMARD M. HURD, Prss!_ent
Cap:tal.Surplus & Pr. $9.GC0,Cu0
?- .:v S-..N Y. 1S4 \!ont_s'j? St..B_a.
ca .. carriers which have been
in this trade during tbe
bi cause of the strike.
to the strikers and ship
ited by the new ?
p ipi - at ? ion than 1 >; " 0 00 I pi sos
n-e less to the eountry is
bb to ' mate. The Iobs in
'"ii pesos d
isand cigarette and cigar
. paralyzing the
W* gWji * v,a? T?r ws* vmei tjsr WV U
*?? & Sssp 3 ?8*1 eW 83r* ^3L I ?
$3.50 to $4.10 - M$
These glovcs wil] appcal to all who
demand thc utmost in quality and fit.
Made from selected skins
Carcfully stitched throughout
Grey and Tan
42ND STREET AT MAD1SON AVENUE
CAt Saks To-dayT
200 Men's Pajamas
Tiie finest ever offcred in Manhattan
*} If you're interested in sleeping suitr. .you'll
be doubly interested in these. The tailoring,
and thc quality of the materials are splendid?
the styles are all gocd ? and even the novice
will know them tobe a genuine find at $1 35.
Having no competition, they'll go quickly.
In fact, thev're so unusual at this price none
will be left by to-morrow. They come in.
Fine Mereerized Cloths and
Striped Domel FlanneU
In Pink, Blue, Tan or White, with orr
without Frogs. All 8Jze>.
Broadway at 34th Street
CLOTHES OF CUSTOM QUALITY
}UR Suits and Overcoats are
of a character appreciated
by men who enjoy dressing.
Being New Yorkers, they seek
escape from the embarrass
ment that nationally-adver
tised clothes naturally cause.
Glothes sold everywhere have
the earmarks of nowhere.
Btxkz & dumpattg
BROADWAY AT 34TH STREET