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Hitohcock, Essaying Denial,
Admits Wilson Called "In
trrnal Question*' Taboo
Japan Loses Pcace Issue
Senator Brands H8 False
Interviews on Dinner At
tributed to Colleagues
New York Trihune
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.- Tho Iriah
tjuestion and Japaneso immigration
were hurled bodily into the midst of
the Senatc's deliberations on the league
of nations to-day.
In an impassioned attnek on "The
N'ew York Sun." Senator Ilitchcock, of
N'chraska, chairman of tho Forcign
Relations Committee, denied eate
gorically a statemen't mado in that
paper that President Wilson had told
his guests at tho White House dinner
Wednesday night that "Ireland is to
be left to thc merciea of England."
In denying also that Japaneso im?
migration into the United States, un
der the league plans, would havo to
hc left to tho league, Senator
Ilitchcock informed the Senate that
Japan had vainly tried to get tho Paris
eonference commiiteo to a declnratlon
In behalf of race oquality which would
have protectcd tho Japaucse from dis
crlminatory treatment In the Amerlcnn
"Th? mighty elTort that Japan mude
in Paris to leoure a doclarntion of tho
eonference that. race. equallty ihould
be rocogniaod and that no dtacrimtna
tion ihould hc mado beeauao of raco,"
declared Sonator Ilitchcock, "was
votcd down unanimously by all mom
bera of tno iongue, When Japan fall
ed In that ahe lost. tho last shred of
hopo of bringitig tho immigration
question wlthin the Jurlsdlction of tho
Penial Mado On Ireland
Tho White Houao manifested equnl
conccrn ovcr thc injection of the Irish
queation into the league discuasion,
and a flat denial was authorized by the
President that he had mado any atato
ment to the Senators indicating that
Ireland had been left to shift for
hersolf. Secretary Tumulty authorized
the following statement:
"In thc last few daya the follow
ing quotation has nppeared in tho
press under a Washington date lino
as part cf the neWBpaper rcport of
'hc dinnrr given by thc President at
the White Houbo Wedneaday, Febru
nry 2''', Lo the membera of the Com
e ?>f Foreign Relatipna of tho
Senate, and the Committee on For?
eign A'fairs of the House:
"'Thc President told the- commit
tces that the Irish question waa a
matter between Ireland and Eng?
land. and that Ireland would not have
any voico in the peace eonference at
" rhe President wishes me to say
ilin- this Matement has no founda
.n fact, and is n deliberate false
Senator Hitchcock firat denied flatly
that the Irish queation was mentionod
at n 11 at the White House eonference
except oi i e fashion, but, prompted
itor John Sharp Williama, of
lippii v ho wa al ;>> preaeni at
the dinm ?-. hc det lar< d that the Presi
.I ed to a question oti the sub
""?'? b; the v> neral statemenl that
"tnternal and domostlc quoatlona"
were not a i i ne.f i he league,
w h cli hi d n?
-?""'>!< d to ' ? ?-? i udge'i |n i eh
on the league ,.t natlone, llstoned aftei
?? ;i"i wltl ? '. i to the dla
? ' ? h thc Nebraakn Henntoi
"??"'" eom ? atententa
? ttrilniti ll ,.?." ,,,i,
t? eai lou lUipuhlli iti .?..',
? ?- il ?itii i Nenntor
iiii ioi luol tn i<
? i" (i" 'i hohntf, rtefore any of
ktnri coiihl h'stnv i.'i
? i |f" wi.n
i It ktit procfedetl wltn
? iiulnt buatneaa,
loi ilH. heoek ohtalned recog
? immetilati ly upott the eonelu
f thi i ? j ? ant i ? h lie pnid:
1 i ? irnriii ularly fui the purpoae.
of referrutg u> whal appeari to me
.ilous Mito'U' in one of the
] ipei ? thi i moi inng Qefore I
iftae li up, however, antl whlle the
r" an in mj mlnd, and befere
ti Bni? .,,,i ?r ihe mlnd i oi thoae pres
? ne I d< dre lo repudinte the ii] ?
Hen <?!' the l enator from Maaaaeliu
that ii,i, league will In the
augntenl degvee llmlt the prlvllege
and the Uui j of rhj imtlon the I nft
ti ? ??> ?n) 11.i i,i d.i.'n.i ii
R?lf when Httaoked, to proteet llo tiT
nnd protect m rlghla when In
vaded, ? Ithei h) u memher of the
leagiu. oi one not a riie.inhcr of the
That auggoatlon atruck me na
? prepoi terou i lhat I cannot allow it
to remain tn iho minds of uny ono uu
lAidne Demandi* ( larity
Ctodge lt may have atruck the Sen
ntor from Nebraaka as prepoateroua,
but there are other minds. He tukes
one view, honestly, I am sure, and I
take another, honestly, I am sure. Let
us have it atated in the instrument
what it doea meart.
"What I aroae particularly to take
up." aaid Senator Hitchcock, "is an
nrticle in the New York morning 'Sun,'
which apecifically mentions the namei
of a nurnber of Senators now present,
rnont of whom attended the eonference
and dinner at the White Houae as
jrueatu of tho President on night be
?or? luat. Let mo read a part of the
"'At midnight last night and early
thi* morning Senators and Repre
Mntativea wno had labored to pene
Mr. WUton'fl mind and to
understand his policies were them
t?)vea ?o weary and mind-muddled
that they w?'r^ unabln to diKCuas eo
h?rrer,tly what had taken place. This
?ftoraoon when they ha<j an oppoatu
n.ty to g'-t together and compare
not?a and to check up one anothcr'a
recollectiona they were able to pre
aent ? clear a/;count of the conversa
ti^n and tho result of this is indeed
"Refore I read some of these alleged
stataments of Senators permit me to
call attention to the fact that there
has been strong flemand in Congress,
and partieularly in the Senate, that
the President should tako into his con
fulence the members of this body; that,
responding to that natural desire and
doing it as houii as he could after
there had been a draft made of the
proposed constitution, he invited by
cable members of the Senate Com?
mittee on Foreign Relations and tho
members of the House Committee on
Foreign Affairs to dine with him in
Washington almost immediately on his
Williams?He laid himself before
them for elose examination.
Hitchcock ?Yca, he laid himself
before them for close examination,
as tho Senator from Mississippi sug
gests. Now, is it possible that any
Senator coming from such an enter
tainment could use languago that has
been attributcd to Senators in this
body? I say it is not, and on be
half of Senators who are quoted hero
I here and now specifically dony that
they mado the staternents atfributed
Taft to Speak Here
With Wilson Tuesday
Accepta Invitation to Join Presi?
dent in Defenee of Leaprue
Ex-Proaident William H. Taft will
speak at the Metropolitan Opera House
noxt Tuesday night, when President
Wilson delivcrs his address on tho
league of nations. The ox-Presidont
telegraphed Thursday night from
Nashvlllo, Tenn., to Herbert S. Hous
ton, of tho League to Enforce Peaco,
Baying ho would be glad to attend. Mr.
Houston said Mr. Taft emphasized in
his telegram his desiro to do every
thing possible to make clear to tho
country tho non-partisnn character of
tho league of nntiona question. The
ox President was in Atlanlu yestor
day attending the Routhorn congroaa
of tho League to Enforco Peace
Abrnm 1. 1'lkus, vlce president of
Govemor Smith'a committee In charge
of the Metropolitan Oporrt House
mceting, said ho oxtondod tho invi?
tation to Mr. Taft and hi\n rocolvud
his ixccoptanco, He said Enrioo Curuao
would wing "The Star Spanglcd llnn
Alfred E, Murling, president >f the
Chumbor of Commorco and chnirmnn
of tho committoo of nrrangemonta,
said ho is boing deluged with uppli
catlona for souts.
"All applications for ndmisslon,"
said Mr. Murling last night, "must be
made in writing or by tolegraph to
Georgo R. Van Name, Govemor
"Wo cxpect that the mceting will
be tho most notablo of its kind ever
held in New York," said Mr. Murling.
"Wo expect B00,00fj applications for
Suffrage Pickets Here
For President Wilson
"To meet President Wilson."
Invitations were issued yesteremy T>y
the suffrage pickets for another
"reception" for President Wilson when
he comes to Now York next week. All
suffragists who are out of jail, but
willing to go in, are invited by Miss
Doris Stovens to be present.
The National Woman's Party has
not deeided whether to meet Mr. Wil?
son at the train, attrnd the Metro?
politan Opera House mceting or
escort him to the dock. It will be
a very interesting party, Miss Stev
A telegram was sent to the Presi?
dent yesterday by the pickets in jail
in Boston. It read:
"You said to the Senate on Sep
tember no, 'We Bhall not only be dis
trtlSted, but we Bhall deseive to be
distrustod, If we do not ent'ranchise
the wouien of the country.' VoU, nlone,
Mr, Presldenti can now remove that
dlstrual by Becurlng the one Rddltlonai
vote neceaaary to paaa the Federal
"We trleil to dellvef thla mcBsage
to you in Ho'iiou. We rcpeal H uow
from the rhuries Rtreel jail."
The telegram was algtuul by Mr?,
i olg \\ m ien Bhaw, of liuntoHi aiul Mli b
1 i lo lllll,
Goff and (lolialan Open
I or "Seeret Miasion"
W \Sin\liTll\, |,|,. Q* The
frlenda or IrUh freedom trattaferrerl
their actlvltlea to ihe Capltol to'day
when John w Ooff and Juatloo baniel
t'oiuilnti, Of New Yorlt Cjly, Hlld
Mlehne) J, Ryan, of Phlltulelphia, at<
rlved bn whut they a<l wua a eeerol
The ttii-ee ndvoeatea of friah Intle
tiendenee opened hemhiuftrtera nl ihe
(hIi .(li iioi.-i, inoi uegnu a lyitemalle
punvftHB foi Bupnorl Fn the eamniUgn.
to Interesl PreaWenl Wllaon to aun
poii their ii.- 11o ioi u free Ireland ut
t io- Peai e I!o?i fe i enee,
Thal thej hopod for favovable re
RviltB withoul publldty was eaRevted
by one of the members of the oommlt
tee, who evidencod sincerity In avoid
ing publioity by urging that not even
the naiiies of the committee bo mado
Whita House attachea said no re
quest had been received from the com?
mittee to Bee the President. It was
admitted that tho President's time
whiie hero wi 1 bo taken up with Leg
islutivo matters and that it may be
impossible for him to seo many call
Senator Lenroot Vrges
Life of World League
Be Limited to 10 Years
WABHINGTON, Feb. 28.?Senator
Lenroot, of Wisconsin. Republican, in
an address to-day in the Senate, pre
dicted the American pcople would in
sist upon basic amendment of the pro?
posed constitution of the league of na?
tions. He said lio was. in favor of a
league if it did not abridge the sover
cignty of the United States, and sug
geited that as tho league was an ex
periment, ita life be limited to teh
ye-ars with provision for extension if '
the plan proves a auccesa,
Many articles of the loague's tonta- j
tivo charter were apprnved by Senator i
lycrroot, but h? vigorously oppoaed
others, especiully those reciprocal
t*-rritorial guaranteeg and for manda
taries. He eoncurred in the view that
the I'riited States would bo outvoted in
Bona.tor Frelinghuyacn, of N'ew Jer
aey, Republican, dtsputing any as
?amption that President Wilson rep
re??nt? public aentiment in propoaing
Arrurlca's jiart icipat.ion in the leagUO
of nations, domanded the country be
fully Informed and allowe.l to cxpronn
Ho deciwion be/ore the Senatn Is called
upon to ratlfy the peace trcaty.
Lodge Brands League
Pact as Strife Maker
( ontinni'd from iihkp 1
quent were the outbursts of applause
that only the appeals of several Sen?
ators, including Mr, Lodge himself and
Mr, Reod, of Missouri, d'ssuaded the
Vice-President from enforcing an order
which he had given to the sorgeant
at arms to clcar thc galleries.
Making it plain that he would not
oppose a league of nations properly
constituted, Senator Lodge referred to
a statement by Senator Hitchcock, of
Kebraska, yesterday in defence of the
league ? institution, in which Mr. Hitch?
cock declared it represents the work
of the foremost men of the world.
"I do not regard thcm, perhaps,"
said Senator Lodge, "with the same
venerntion as the enator from Ne
braska. I know some of thcm. Their
intellect is not so overpowering tha":
wc cannot suggest amendmcnt of this
draft. T doubt if anyone can tame the
fourteen men of tho eonference.
Declaring th: ? America could never
afford to brea solemn treaty obli
gation, Senat 11 ,-.dge urged that the
Amorican peoph "consider well the
terms of thc ivenant" before it is
He urged strongly that peaco first
be made with Germany, that she bij
"bound and shaekled" before she can
ariso strong enough to defy her cne
mies. and to that end he nsscrted that
consideration of a league of nations
be postponed until after that peaee is
Transeends Party Lines
Senator Lodge said, in part:
"It is almost noodloaa to say that
the question now boforo ua ia so mo
montoua that it trnnscenda all party
lines, Party conaideratiors and party
interosts diaupponr in doaling with
auch n quoation na thia, I will follow
any man nnd votO for any meaauro
which in my honost opinion will muke
for tho mnntunnnco of tho world a
ponco, ! wll follow no man nnd voto
for no menauroa which, however well
intonded, Beom In my bost judgmont to
lond to di88cnalona ruthor lhan to
hui mony among t ho niit lona ov io in
jury, porll, or injuatlco to my country,
No quoation has over eonfrontod the
United Stntoa Sonnto which oquala tn
importanco that which ia involvod In
tho league of natona intonded to Bocure
tho futuro peaco of thu world. Thero
should be no undue hasto In consider
"My one desiro is that not only in
the Sonnte, which is charged with re
sponsibility, but that tho press nnd
tho people of tho country should in
vestignto ovcry proposal with tho ut
most thoroughness and woigh thcm all
carefully beforo they make up their
minds. If thero is any propoaition or
any plan which will not hear, which
will not court, the most thorough and
most public discussion, that makos
it an object of suapicion at tho
very outset. Glittering and en?
ticing gcncralities will not serve. We
must have facts, details, and sharp,
clear-cut deflnit ions.
"In the first place, the terms of tho
league tho agrcements which we make
must be so plain and so explicit that
no man can misunderstand thcm. 'Mis
understandings as to terms are not a
good foundation for a treaty to pro
motc peaee. We now have before. as
the draft of a constitution for a league
of nations, prepared by a commission
or committee, which is to bo sub
mittcd to tlic representativea of the
nations. The nations, through their
di legates, have not agreed tc it. It
has not passed beyond tho stago of n
committee repot't. It ia opeti to amend?
mcnt and change in the peace eon?
ference, The Senate can takjc no action
upott it. but it lios open before us for
etit icism and d iscun ioti.
"In this draft prepared for a con?
stitution of a league of nations, thero
in hurdly a clauae about the inler
pretation of which men do not alrcady
differ. As it stnttds there is Berioua
danger that the very nations which
algn thc eonptitution of thc league
will quarrol nbout the meaniug of tho
variovis nrtieles before n twelvomonth
has pftfiSOtl, It leems to httVO been
very hnstlly drafled, and the reault
In eruileni "i nnd loOsettPHS of o\proa
sion, unlntontlonnl, I Itopo.
Lnnguttge Muat Bo Exacl
"The Buggoal n'li lhal we ean Bufely
Blgn hei nu ie wo can nlwnya vlolnto
m i\hiuu ite i fivliil noi only lu i\n,\
Iongue bul lo peneo II elf, To whni
e\ pi Inal i 'imeni the l nltod fHitloa aota
iti hnnd H nui'ii i iii\ uul die pvn
? oi nf lhal in 11 iiiiieni in tho Inal
tet nnd nttie, luliil || nbanlulely both
lll l.ltel end io aplrlt, Thia (h all
the more e-eeulial hotiiulBO il in evi
dent, lllthough bol pxpronaiy slatnl,
Ihnl thia Iongue Ia Intonded to be
Indlsaoluble, fot' there In no provialon
lor Uh lormliiiitloii oi fof the with
tlfHWItl uf any alguotory. Wo are lel't
to int'er ihnl iinv tiallon wlthdraw*
iiii> rieio the Iongue expoaes iiseif
io iv null ii??? nnd pi ubably lo war,
" llirrel'me, before we rulify, the
tennii nnd the Inngunge in whleh the
loriua me alnted niuai be t?a yjtael
I\1U| IIH pl L>( lae, H I I ee I I uul IIIIV pie.-.i
hiiity nf ronfllel Iny lutei prelai lon i, aa
ii i' poi dbie ie make them The es
nlanntlun or Inlevpretallon of nny of
i hei e iieiiM iui paaangei ia not aulll
I'lint |f iiiedn by one man, whether
that uiiin be Ihe President ol' tho
Cniieii siuie.i, or a Senator, ov any
one elue. 'I ie--e i|ticslious and dotthts
must be enaweved and removod by tho
in.- i riiinent itaelf,
"I now oome to queatlona of aub
"Wo abandon entirely by tho pro
posed conatitution tho policy laid
down t>y VVaahington m )ns Farewell
Addres and the Monroe Doctrine, It
is worse than idle, it is not honest,
to evade or deny this fact.
"Washington was not only a very
great man, but ho wns nlao a very wiae
man. He looked far into tho futuro
and ho never omitted human nature
from his calculations. He knew well
that human nature had not changed
As thc largest owners of frce
and clear vacant land in the Bor
ough of Brooklyn, wc are pre?
pared at all times to sell choiccst
parcels near subvvay transporta
tion nnd to assist in financing
huihling operations. Our priccs
nrc lowest and our terms casiest.
Our aitn is to do husincss per
manently with a builder by assist
ing him in making a profit.
(Jur. strong sclling force will
be at the disposal of our clients
and should be a wonderfully effi
cient factor in their success.
A call may open thc way to a
valuable connection with
WM. E. HARMON & CO., Inc.
The I.nrgtit Oprrators in the fVo.rld
261 Broadway, New York City
fundameritally since mankind had a
history. He thought of his country
first and never thought of himself at
all. He was so great a man that. the
fact that this country had produced
him was enough of itself to justify
the Revolution and our existence as a
"'If we throw asido the political tes
tament of such a rnan, which has been
of living force down to the present
instant, because altered circumstances
demand it, it is a subject for deep re
gret and not for rejoicing. If we are
to bo driven by modern exigencies to
dismiss Washington and his counsellors
and the men who declared the Mon
roe Doctrine, from our consideration,
we OUght, at least, as these stately
figures pass off the sfage of guiding
influence, to pay homage to them and
not relpgatc them to the shades of the
past with jeers and laughter directed
against their teachings.
"Rut, if we set aside forever the
Washington policy, in regard to our
foreign relations, we must always re
member that it carries with it the
corollary known as the Monroe Doc?
trine. Under the terms of this league
draft reported by the committee to the
peece conference, the Monroe Doctrine
End of Monroe Doctrine
"I have seen it said that the Mon
rre Doctrine is preserved under Article
10; that we do not abandon the Mon?
roe Doctrine, wo merely extend it to all
the world. How any one can say this
passes my comprehension. The Mon?
roe Doctrine exists solely for the pro
tection of the American Hemisphere,
and to that hemisphere it was limited.
If you extend it to all tho world, it
ceases to exist, because it rcsts on
nothing but the differentiation of the
American Hemisphere from tho rest of
"Under this draft of tho statutes of
the league of nations American qucs?
tions and European qucstions and
Asian and African qucstions are all
aliko put within the control and juris
diction of tho loaguo, Europe will havo
the right to take part in the settle
ment of nll American questiona, and
we, of courae, shall have the right to
take part in tho aettlomont of all quea
tions in Europo and Asia nnd Afiica.
Eurono nnd Asiu are to take part in
policing tho American Continent aud
the I'atiaiua Canal, and in roturn wo aie
to have, by wuy of eompensat ion tho
rlghl to police tho Rnlknna nnd Asiu
Minor when wo ure nskod to do so.
"I'eiliaps tho iime hus como wIlOll it
Ib noer-ssary to do this, but ll la n
very grnvo atop, aud I wlah now moroly
to point out that tho American pooplo
OUgnl never to nhaiidoii the Witshlng
ton policy and the Monroe Doctl'iliO
without being perfectly eertain that
they onrncatly wish to do so. Stnnd
ing always flrmly by these great
policies, we have thrivon and prospored
and have dono more to proaervo tho
world's peace than any nation, lengtin
or alliance that ovar existod.
Complete Proof Dcmandcd
"Vory complete proof must be offered
of tho auperiority of any new systcm
beforo we rejoct the policies of Wash?
ington and Monroe, which have been
in all foreign relations the Palladium
of tho Republic. Within tho memory
of those to whom I now speak the Mon?
roe Doctrine stopped the incursions of
England upon tho territory of Vene
zuela nnd settlcd tho boundary quea
tion finally by arhitration. Undei the
Monroe Doctrine we arrested the nt
tompt of Germany to tako Venezuelan
territory on nnother occasion.
"Two other general propositions and
I shall proceed to examine these
leaguo Rrticles in detail. In nrticle
10 we, in common, of courHe, with the
othcr signatories and members of the
projected league, gunranteo the ter
ritorial integrity nnd tho political in
dependence of every member of the
league. That means that wo ultimate
Iy guarantee tho independenco and the
boundaries, as now settlcd or as they
may he settled by the treaty with Ger?
many, of every nation on earth. If
the United States agrees to guaranties
of that sorl we must maintain them.
The word of the United States, her
promiao to guaranteo the independ?
enco and the boundaries of any eouti
try, is just as sacred as lier honor.
"I do not now say the time has not
come when, in tl,,, interest of future
peace, the American poople mny not
decido that we ought to gunrnntee the
territoriul integrity of tlie fnr-fblhg
Hrltish Emplro) bul I do suggeat that
ii Ib a vety grave, a very porlloua
pvomtao to tnuke. becnuso there la bu)
one wiw by which such gunrnntlea, If
ever Invoked, eun be mttlntiUned, nnd
thnl wny la the w ay of foree wbothM1
miliiury or oeonotnlo Force, II inutlera
"There la no neeil nf nrgulng wheth
'?!? Ihcio is to |)0 compuUive t'oreo be
hlml Ihla league 11 Ib thern in ?r
ti.le in nbaolulely aud ahtlroly bj tlie
nieie Ciict of theao guarnutloa Tho
rnnkfl nf tlie aniiies and the rieota of
tho nnvy made hooesBary by auch
llloilgea ure to he lUlod nnd iiiaiined
by the houh, huahnnda and brothern
of the pooplo of America. I wish l.heill
eiuvrefnlly to oousidei, therefoie,
wlirlhrr they ure Wllllttg to have tho
youih of America ordured to war by
other tiatioii'i without leg&rd to what
they or their replesentut Ivea douiro.
l( Imhido* Immlgmtittn
"The second general propogltlon to
which | would enll attentlon 11 thiai
We now (n thla drut't iiin.i ouraelvea
to Bubmll every poaalble internntlonnl
dli i'uie or dlfferenee elthev to the
lengue eourt or to the control ,,r the
exeeutive eounQll of tiu. league, Thnl
iioi i.ies Immlgratlon, a very llve quea
turn Are wo remly to KiVo to other
nat'jna tho powor to say who ahall
ee.no into tho United States and be- I
come citizens of the Republic? If we j
are ready to do this, we are prepared
to part with the most jjrecious of sov- I
ereign rights, that which guards our!
existence and our charaeter as a na
tion. Are we prepared to have a
league of nations, in which the United ?
States has only one vote, open ouf j
doors if they see ftt to any and all im?
migration from all parts of the world?
"The first and most practical ques?
tion for us to consider and decide is
whether the terms of this committee
draft of a constitution for the league
of nations really make for harmony
among the nations or will tend to pro
duce dissension and controversy. We
ali desire peace, but in our zeal for :
peace we must be careful not to cre
ate new obligations and new and un
tried conditions, which may lead to .
fostering war rather than peace. For
this reason I am going now to ex
amine the articles in the draft of the
constitution for the league of nations
one by one.
"N'othing so far as the creation of
offices is concerned is omitted in Ar
ticle 1, but nothing is said about how
the delegates shall be choaen. This is
left to each nation to detcrmine, but I
venture with all resneet to suggest. the
delegates representing the United
States ought to be selec.ted by the peo
ple of the United States or appointed
as ambassadors nnd consuls are ap?
pointed. They should never he allowed
to be irresponsible personal ogents.
"Article 3 provides that each bigh
contracting party will have one vote.
On the well settled principle of inter
national law that one national sover
eignty is equal to every other national
sovereignty, the United States will
have one vote, and so will Siam.
"Under article 7 covering admission
to the league the asent of rot less th ui
two-thirds of thc states represented
in tho body of delegates is nocessary,
and the memborahip is limited to 'fully
eelf-governing countries including do
minions and colonies.' The inclusion
of dominions and colonie.}, o\ course,
covera the four great self governing
dominions of Great Britain. I have
no l'ault to find with the arrangoment.
Flve Votea for England
"Canada, Now Zealand, South Africa
and Auatralia are far more v/orthy and
more valuablo membora >f a leaguo if
nations than some which I 'think will
t'md their way into the body. But the
fact romains thal in tho l ody of dele?
gates England has flve vctoa to one
vote of any other counl ry
"VVo m>w eomo lo Article 8, whlch
rel'ers lo disnrmnmont, Thero is an ai>
aolutely bindlng provlaion in the words
'and these lunits when ndoptod ah.ill
not ho pxcoodod w Ithout tho pormiaaion
of the pxoculivt) council,' Adoptod by
,\ h 'in '.' The nslural InforoilCO ll .
udoptod by tho aovornl govornmenta. If
you trnce it bnck Ihrough tho wording
bf provinua pnrngrapha, Ought nol an
iuslrumenl Of thia vltnl charaeler bo
drafted With lho ordmary eare whlch
a clork glvea in drafllng n clauso for
a Senate committee '.'"
After rending tho clnuao rolatlng to
mnnufacture or war munltiona by prl
vnto inierests, Senator Lodge contin
"That is more advico to bo laid be?
fore the body of delegates, but it is
not cxplaincd how fav tho advico goos.
'The high contracting pnrtios,1 tho last
paragraph says 'undertako in no way
to conccal from each other thc con
dition of Buch of their industries as
are cnpablo of being adapted to war
liko purposes or the. Bcalo of their ar
"An admirablo propoaition! There
secms to be no method exprcssed hcre
by which they can be compelled to give
that information except by Baying that
if they do not do it they fail in a
moral obligat ion.
"When one nation guarantees tho
politieal independence and the terri
torial integrity of another you must
maintain that guarantee, in the last
resort, by the exereise of tTie forco of
the nation. If we were to guarantee
the politieal independence and terri
torial integrity of Mexico, or Guate
mala, or any of those states, we should
have to stand behind them with our
armics and our fleets when the guaran?
tee was Lnvoked, and thero ia no cs
cape from that obligation.
"Suppose we had a Mexican raid
across our border," he asked, "and Mex?
ico dtd not happen to be a member of
the league. That, 1 Ihink, would be a
litt'e hard on the people who live on
the border. I do not think even being
a member of tho leaguo is going to
alter the Mexican character materially,
although it may.
"Finally tho Senate will obaerve that
there is no provlston for wlthdrawal.
II' you leave a counl ry 1 nm not speak?
ing merely of Ihe United States t'ed
hnrd and 1'ast ho thal It canont gel
oui of thia Iongue wlthoul leaflng
cvcryihiniv Id pleeea by denounelng II
or hy abi ogal Ing It, you crente a Bitvi
aiion whlch ui my mlnd iIoph nol pro
moie ihe pea.-e of nallons, bul Ihe \ ery
I evi I Me."
Domnnda Peace witit flcrmany
" l Imt w hieh l iIp drn nho\ n e\ i i \
thing el'ie, lhal w hlch ia nonroal to my
heai t, Is |o |n u,,. our oldiel | homc
The making of a longua of nation i \\ |||
ion do tlial \\ e enn only brltlH OUt
soldiers liouie, entll'Plv and conipletoly,
when tho peace wllh iieriuanv ia inad"
and proolttlmod, l,el lhal peace bo
made, and l ean na uire the World thal
when the tn niy of penee \\ llh lior
nutny comes to thia ehamber there will !
be no deiay In the Senate of ihe |
United Htnipfl, Wo mu ii brlng our j
men baek from Franee, Lel us get
them bnea ui onee, and lo thai, oud
lel in have ihe pesee made wllh Gei
many, made now, nnd nol delay II untll
ihe eompltealed quoatlona of ine league
01' lllllioliM enn lie jiellled wllh Ihe C;,re
and oonahli iai lon whlch Ihey demand, i
\\ iin ' > It iiuii ilelnya Ihe peaco wllh
Germany? Plaouaniona over the leRgue
ol' iiiitloiui; imtlmig plflo,
"Wo have in thia country the freest
and be,|. governnient ni lho world, nnd
we are the gveal rnmpart to-day
against tho anarehj and dlaorder which
PARIS (i ) NEW YORK,
'Tm? fVfttS 5?(V OB AMERtCA*
wluon&d in stiav '/na&riaw
"Icuid Atxadcd Icaturincj Sujleb
haJ'tLCtdarUj Auitarlc ?or ilio
The M F Flying Boat
See it at the AeoronauticaJ Show at Madison Square Gardcn, openinj? Satur
day, and you will understand why
90 per cent of the U. S. Navy's seaplanes and
flying boats are Curtiss machines.
* ? *
Released from government work, deliveries may now be promised for some
imie m March.
* * #
The Curtiss M F Flying Boat is the Sportsman's Resort Car
* * *
A complete chain of Hangars Avill soon be established along the Atlantic
coast, in addition to those already at Port Washington, Atlantic City nnd New
port News, and the gentleman sportsman may tom through the air from nlaee
to place with utter freedom and safety.
The America Trans-Oceanic Co.
505 Fifth Avenue, at 42nd Street?overlooking the Public Library
is the New York distributor for tho Curtiss M V Flying Boat, the Curtiss J N-*
4D2 land machme for tnuning aviators, and all Curtiss airplanes and motors.
Palro Bench, Florida,
have taken possession of RuBsia and
are trying to invade every peaceful
country in the world. For Lincoln'g
government of the people, for the peo
pK and by tho people we are asked to
substitute in tho United Statea on
many vital pointa government of,
for, and by other people. Pbubo and
consider well before you take this fate
"We must not lose by an improvident
attempt to reach eternal peace all that
we have won by wnr nnd sacriflce. Wo
must sce to lt that tho democracy of
the United Statea, which has proaperodl
po mightily in tho paat, i enot drnwn
by any hastv error or by any glitterimr |
dolusions, through ppecious devices of
supcrnational government, within th-?
toilp of international socialiBm and
THINCS YOU WILL SEE
?Capiured Cerman 'plancs, the
Fokkcr, Rumpler and Albatross.
?The famous Spad, Le Pere and
Breguet combat 'plane.
?Fasi ncn> commerclal types dt*
velopcd by American Manufaclurer*.
?A 30-foot model of a dirigibla
filled vith non-inflammable Heliurn
? The Navv's great flxiing boal
ar.d Suhmarine Chaser, the F-5-L.
? IVonderful motaic airplane
phclos of battlefields,?pigeons u>ith
battle records, niacnine guns and
hundreds of other iniercsting thingj
you've been eager to *ee.