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2sreto ?tork tribune
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials
?Ad ver ti.se ment s
UeniN-r of the Audit Ban-nu of Circulations
TUESDAY. MARCH 4, 1919
Owe?,1 ?,.,! published daily by Nm York Tribun? Inc.
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Wars That Now Are
In Russia men in uniform are fighting
other men in uniform, and so in Ger?
many, in Poland and elsewhere. Except
'that the gigantic conflict dwarfed all
other conflicts, it would be said war is
now going on and war correspondents
would be hurrying to the battle areas.
And on the borders of many other coun?
tries and within them men are with dif?
ficulty prevented from springing at one
What are called moral force? arc func?
tioning, yet they do not suffice to re?
strain. Mankind has had a hideous les?
ion of the evils of war, yet it is not
enough to cure war madness. Vast
numbers of men prefer to have their
own way touching matters in which they
feel concern than to have the blessings
of peace. Nor now can it be said that
scheming royal rulers or capitalistic
imperialists are egging on their vic?
tims. Bolshevists resort to arms
more readily than their opponents?the
proletariat is more bellicose than the
These conditions are full of instruc?
tion. They teach that moral forces
have not the strength necessary to keep
the peace and that democratic forms of
government do not necessarily mean
pacifism. The deduction cannot be es?
caped that no league of peace which em?
bodies merely vague aspirations of
statesmen and is backed by no definite or
usable power will suffice to maintain
peace. "What does a Bolshevik or Spar
tacan care for paper agreements?
What does a heated Polish or Jugo-Slav
While you follow the covenant discus?
sion, especially when you read the speech
the President is to deliver to-night,
think not of what occurred last year,
but of what is occurring now and may
occur to-morrow. Gentlemen may cry
peace, peace, but there is no peace. An
adjournment of the peace conference
with no stronger peace medicine mixed
than is provided by the twenty-six ar?
ticles of the so-called covenant there
loom3 in prospect another war period.
Txiok at the existing situation with
clear eyes. This is idealism and this
also is realism. To the eastward of the
Alps and the Rhine is a seething mass
of disturbance which threatens to heave
into disastrous explosions.
But one thing, and one thing alone, is
now preserving such modicum of peace
as now prevails. It is not the black
coated gentlemen at Paris. It is not the
excellent moral lectures of the Presi?
dent. His eloquent words, no matter how
excellently intended, are fire fomenters
rather than fire extinguishers. He has
raised in many hopes that will be dif?
ficult to satisfy. His friends have come
near to boasting he could throw Italy
into revolution. In Russia, in Germany,
in Southeastern Europe there is a con?
dition justifying the gravest apprehen?
sion, partly aroused by feelings that ex?
isting governments are properly objects
The modicum of peace in the troubled
areas is due not to the black-coats, but
to the men in khaki. In his capacity as
commander in chief rather than as a
civilian the President is helping to
maintain peace. It is regimented power,
ready to be sent where needed, that keeps
partial order. Take away this concert
of power, functioning through a com?
mon generalissimo and a unified mili?
tary council, and conditions would be
If there is to be a league of effective
peace it must, so far as the immediate
future is concerned, work through what
is equivalent to an alliance. Destroy
the alliance, ?tart the machinery of the
proposed council, and do no more than
this, and small is the chance of peace.
With military pressure, or the threat
of it, gone, the shooting would re-begin.
This should not be so; it is against all
reason, but man is not always a rational
In view of these and other fact? the
statement seems justified that the only
sure road to peace is through the con?
tinuance of the present alliance. A time
may come when it will be safe to dissolve
it, but su'-h a time has not yet corn?.
Any discussion of the abwtract merits
?f a peace league or of the merits of
the particular league now offered which
leave? out of consideration things as
they are. holds out but little hope of
realizing mankind's great desire. No
other method to keep the unruly in order
seems o'kmi than the Entente method
now being employed.
The Bolshevist food dictator in Petro
'? grad is accused of embezzling 50,000,
000 rubles. He simply carried the
rationing doctrines of the Soviets to
their logical conclusion.
The Bolshevist scheme is one of un?
diluted privilege. To deserve the
means of existence one must be a vocif?
erous Ked. The more vociferation
the more comprehensive the food card.
Only the elect are entitled to the fruits
of the earth.
This is not a new idea. It is as old
; as human nature. It is an inevitable
i accompaniment of warfare of classes
crystallized into dogma. It flourishes in
the midst of that regeneration of the so?
cial and economic order which is the
. chief preoccupation of Bolshevism.
L?nine and his associates deny cqual
? ity of right or opportunity. That is
the paramount tenet of their creed.
The proletariat comes first, others no?
where. And within the proletariat a
j super-proletariat has already been
I erected. This super-proletariat strange?
ly resembles Prussian junkerdom in its
characteristics. Only its rapacity is un
I restrained by the conviction of the
I Prussian absolutists that the superman
i was charged with the duty of trying to
' keep the outer fringe classes moderately
How can a Bolshevist dict?t or eni
] bezzle anything? All there is in sight
I exists for the benefit of himself and his
1 following. Private ownership is only
one of the many abhorrent forms of
capitalism. The true Bolshevist helps
others to get rid of their accumula
? tions. Fifty million rubles in any other
' hands than those of a high servant of
' the proletariat is a peril to Ked ideals
; of civilization.
Strijevski is said to have been ar
; rested for his forehandedness. This is
a fatal concession to bourgeois preju?
dices. He ought, to have been sum
; nioned to Moscow and appointed Le
1 nine's Secretary of the Treasury.
The Three R's as an Asset
Complacent Americans who have been
wont to look upon their country as the
| best educated and most enlightened na
; tion of the world have been sadly shaken
by some of the revelations that have
been made as a result of the war. One
bit of information that has caused
Americans to open their eyes was the
announcement that 24.1) per cent of our
draft army was illiterate. Such revela?
tions have given great impetus to such
' causes as the Americanization move?
ment and should be a great aid to the
most recently launched of remedial en
' terprises, the stay-in-school campaign
of the Children's Bureau of the Depart?
ment of Labor and the Council of \'a
The purpose of this drive is to per?
suade to return to school many of those
children who dropped out to engage in
war work and to convince others to re?
main at their books as long as possible.
; The Children's Bureau declares that, as
? a result of an investigation carried on
by experts, it is in a position to an?
nounce that the children of America are
not getting the education that they
. should have and that is in reach of them.
; In the Central Northwestern states
three of every four children between the
ages of six and eighteen go to school,
but that is the very best record attained
in any part of the United States. It
scales down from that till in the South
: Atlantic states only one child in three
, goes to school. Only one-fifth of the \
\ boys and girls of the country are still in
school at the age of eighteen.
The dollars and cents argument is
being stressed with both parents and
children in the stay-in-school campaign.
The United States Bureau of Education
has prepared figures extending over a
period of years and using two groups of
children for purposes of illustration.
The children of the first group quit
school at the age of fourteen and went
to work at S-l a week. These children
were gradually increased in wages until
? at the age of twenty-five they received
? 12.75 a week each, these being pre-war
The children of the other group re
? mained in school until they were eigh- ,
- teen, when they went to work at $10 a
i week. At twenty-five they were receiv
ing $31 a week each. This meant that
| from the time he went to work till he
j was twenty-five he had been paid
$7,337.50 in wages. The child of the
other group, although he had gone to
? work four years earlier, had received at
1 twenty-five only $5,112.50 in wages.
The climax of the argument of the
i stay-in-school campaign is that the
child who leaves school at fourteen must
! as a rule go through life on a day labor
! wage basis, while the child with a more
i complete education will continue to in?
crease its wage earning power through
! out its life.
Books for Soldiers
j No one seems to have called attention
j to the opportunity for propaganda of
j fcred by the books-for-thc-soldicrs cam
; paign, which has not been and is not
now socialist propaganda, or anti-social
. ist propaganda, or suffrage or unti
suffrage propaganda, but simply b'ok
propaganda. There are our soldiers
thousands of them, in a foreign country
whose language hardly any of tr.em
know, with empty time on their hands,
and all we do is to search shctyes for
books that we've forgotten to throw
away! lit is absurd.
Colonel Roosevelt had the right idea.
When the overseas library campaign
was started he sent in hi? check for
$100, with instructions to purchase
copies of "Guy Mannering," "The \ iti
quary" and "Our Mutual Friend." It
was not a very surprising thing to do,
but liow many have had the good sense
' to do anything of the kind?
Hut, you say, the soldiers won't read
selected hooks. Well, Roosevelt was not
! unacquainted with soldiers, and he
thought they would However, there is
abundant good fiction too new to he
branded as classic. What about Gals?
worthy's "The Man of Property" or ' The
Country House," Bennett's "The Old
Wives' Tale" or "Buried Alive," Conrad's
"Victory," Wells's "Joan and Peti-r,"
Mrs. Wharton's "Ethan Frome"? What
about the stories of Kipling and O.
Henry? And, while fiction is the chief
demand, a little poetry would surely not
come amiss?say, "The Oxford Book of
English Verse," and Masefield's poems
and Kipling's, and Rupert Brooke's; and
is there a boy who could resist the charm
of "A Shropshire Lad"? Tp think that
we might be sending the soldiers thir.gs
like these?and instead we have been
dumping unsalable best-sellers upon
The Sixty-fifth Congress
The Sixty-fifth Congress, which ex?
pires to-day, will have a secure place in
history. It wasn't born great and it
could never have achieved greatness.
An unavoidable measure of greatness
has been thrust on it.
Its life covered this country's partici?
pation in the world war. It declared
war on Germany?and, much later, on
Austria-Hungary. It was still in office
when the armistice was signed. It
raised armies over 5,000,000 strong. It
authorized the expenditure of billions.
It imposed tax burdens which any
earlier Congress would have considered
These things were all done under the i
stress of necessity. Congress yielded? |
just ns the Executive yielded?to the ,
war spirit of the people. Both followed ;
rather than led. The country was
ready for conscription before the gov?
ernment, was. It was determined to
give before the government, asked.
The Sixty-fourth Congress was an
anti-war Congress. Though its member?
ship remained largely the same, the
Sixty-fifth Congress was a war Congress.
Never before in our history was so much
unity shown in the prosecution of a war.
During the Mexican War and the Civil
War there was a strong obstructive
legislative opposition. But in this Con
gross partisanship was wholly subordi?
nated to patriotism.
Pre.-.'dent Wilson was compelled to
acknowledge this in his extraordinary
appeal last October for the election of
a new Congress Democratic in both
branches. He pleaded for the defeat of
Republicans, even though they hail sup?
ported the war. The only justification
he could give for this failure to appre?
ciate the generosity and broadminded
ness of the minority was: "The leaders
of the minority in the present Congress
have unquestionably been pro-war, but
they have been anti-Administration."
The country saw the illogicality of
that appeal and rejected it. In the
midst of war control of the two houses
of Congress passed from one party to
another. But this was not. an anti-war
verdict. It was simply a recognition of
the fact that the Sixty-fifth Congress
had not measured up in leadership to
the needs of a crisis.
Where the expiring Congress failed
chiefly was in lack of self-confidence '
and independence. It was thrust aside .
and dominated. It lost faith in itself.
Acceptance of judgments other than its
own was unfortunately made a test of ;
patriotism and regularity. Those Demo?
cratic leaders like Mr. Chamberlain
who had the courage to think for them?
selves and to offer constructive criti?
cism were blacklisted by the Adminis
tration. The Sixty-fifth Congress,
through excessive timidity, sank to a
lower level of political inconsequence !
than the Sixty-fourth or the Sixty-third. \
And they had already made a long j
descent toward self-effacement.
The Democratic party has controlled
Congress for six years. It has deserv- !
edly forfeited the confidence of the coun- j
try. A new era begins to-day?one in
which it ought to be the chief aim of ;
Congress to reestablish its independence i
and recover a self-respect which has |
One highly desirable result of the !
log-jam in the Senate has been the '
squeezing to death of the agricultural
appropriation bill, containing the day
light saving repeal rider. This frivo- I
lous and vicious "joker" was to be ?
slipped through in silence. Daylight
saving has proved its lasting value.
It is a means of outwitting the sun?
dial which makes for economy, health
and wholesome recreation. Yet it was
to be sacrificed to the idle whim of a i
few bigoted worshippers of the chrono- !
metic schedule of the grandfathers!
1 he Fighting Armenians
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I wnnt to congratulate you on the
attitude of The Tribune toward oppressed
peoples. 1 want to thank you especially
for the admirable editorial entitled "The
New Armenia." Still, I think, when you
say there are 25,000 Armenians under arms
in the Caucasus and 8,000 of them in Al
lenby's army, you probably rely upon in?
complete reports. The Armenians of the
I'nited States alone sent more than 1.300
volunteers to fight Turkey, and it seeni3
safe to believe the Armenians fighting in
Allenby's army number 12,000 ind those in
the Caucasus number 120,000. General
Antranlg has 25,000 volunteers in the Cau?
casus and General Nazarbekoff has an armv
of 100,000. The Republic of Ararat could
not. be established and maintained with an
army of 25,000. AltAM T, PROUDIAN.
New York, Feb. 26, 1919.
The Conning Tower
Washington, ?-coruary 27, 1919.
and too far overhead the sky was furtive
The gold of sunlight fell across?between
The lines of heart-full men who marched and
But that was all-yet nut quite all
For from the brush that budded in the pa-k
A grackle. frightened, showed a purple flight,
And swirled across the lawn ?and hid himself.
Far overhead the men who dared to live?
And die- flew valiantly; and yet th<-re was no
The tenseness of the silence was unleashed:
A little child cried in it? mother's arm's.
She hushed the babe with foolish little pats
And said. "There, there, my dear, don't cry so
A hundred thousand watched the Welcome Home
And most of them ate chocolate or chewed gum,
Kxrlaiming, "Mamie! I.ookit?ain't > cute!"
Up at the corner of the park a soldier stood.
Upon hi.? hlreve were two gold bars that told
He fainted, crying, "O, Great Christ?pleas?
i A little walk?a cab?and then the hospital."
And still the glory sun beamed down upon a throng
Thnt watched a dreamer welcoming himself,
While marched behind three thousand sullen men.
Yet from the crowd there came no single cheer.
Upon the seats some one had made effective
People sat, each holding in his fist
A little flag with Mr. Wilson's picture,
And printed underneath it, "Welcome Home!"
\ husky Hud from Aberdeen who drove n. truck
'1 hat hnuled a camouflaged and rroof-fircd gun.
Cried lo a (?oh who waved at him, "Uh, hell!
tome on, Kill, le's go home.''
Up on the hill wher? in the sunlight, gleamed
The Senate and the House, as is the custom,
Emitted low, faint moans, and talked and talked.
Down on the street a soldier with one leg shot off,
Sold flags and toy balloons.
The trolley cars had halted for the time,
But on their ends great placard? flaunted this
"Help a .Soldier Cet. a Job."
Came to me then these lines of Stephen Crane;
"A cluttered incoherency thnt cries unto the stars,
God Save Ul !"
And tlic real is silence.
llaily Whee/.e for the President: "And.
my fellow citizens, when a blind, visionles?
opposition charges against a very far
sighted policy, it recalls to me a remark
made in 1914 by Mr. Stephen French Whit?
man, the acutely observing novelist. 'Which
side are. you on?' he was asked. 'I am
neutral,' said Mr. Whitman. 'I don't care
who beat? Germany.' How fortunate, my
fellow citizens, thai, that is not the spirit
of those who Interpret the pulsating heart
of America! "
Our notion of a bum spoil is the young
man who claimed exemption, but was
drafted and sent to France; and who, on
his return, sneers at the 60-year-old officer
with three silver chevron?.
Captain Fisher captured the imagination
of Harvard football enthusiasts, both men
and maidens, when he led his team to vic?
tory over Yale in 1911. Town and Country.
"Leaving the imagination of the Town
and Country editor intact, however," writes
Veritas. "The score was 0-0.''
Charley Van Loan is dead, and the per
capita allotment of healthy sunshine in
this country is measurably less. Van, we
think, would have liked this to be a semi
abusive obituary paragraph, and we wish
we might tell him that it won't be.
Senator She; man speaks of the "mere
haberdasher in phrases which intoxicate.''
Still, after July 1, all a bartender will be
allowed to mix will be a metaphor.
The retiring Attorney-General apparently
belicves that some of those jailed and in?
terned were the victims of that virulent
war disease, spyorrhea.
"The band plays 'Der Wacht am Rhein.' "
Showing the masculating effect of defeat
on the language.
This department is utterly in favor of
Sunday baseball, unless the hardship on
that sensitive plant, the ballplayer, should
be too great.
"A TYPICAL AMERICAN"
A typical American ia a middle-aged,
clean-shaven, male biped who constantly re?
marks upon the exceptional mildness of the
present winter and finishes by saying: "But
look out for March; she's generally a
corker." He refuses to be the third person |
to dip his cigar into the flame of a match
and he raps his knuckles against the desk ?
cautiously after bragging that he has not
yet had the "flu." A typical American, he j
barks long and loud about the incompetence j
and wickedness of all Ihe reigning civic !
and national officials and then forgets to
register for the general elections. He sleeps j
on his side with his mouth slightly ajar,
and he would rather see Tris Speaker pull '
down a hard liner off the bleacher wall than j
hear Galli-Curci go up for altitude. He i
reads the continued stories in the Sateve
post, and is always ready to tell how he
was stung on a Tuesday night excursion to I
Greenwich Village. He tips the hat boy j
with lavish recklessness, although he ia
very much against that sort of thing when '
standing on the curb. He knows at least
seven sure cures for any malady that may
have fastened itself upon one of hi.-i ac?
quaintances. He never quite succeeds in
getting all the soap out of his ear after
shaving and he wants to make the deuces
wild after losing four straight, pots. He
subscribes to five magazines and finds time
to read only one of them. He has a weak?
ness for hotcakes, Al Jolson, the marines,
front row seats, and twenty-ti vo-cent drinks.
He writes for The Conning Tower and is
surprised when his offering is published.
R. S. M.
The typical American, we find, is one
who, attempting to define the typical Ameri?
can, nets forth his conception of the ideal
Our idea of a typical American is a per?
son who believes thnt the typical American
is better than the typical anything-olso.
And a few of us are certain of it.
F. P. A.
The People and the League
Public Sentiment as Portrayed in Letters to The Tribune
A League of the Five
' To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: We have been asking for the bread
of practical accomplishment, with firm, im
1 movable terms of retribution and reparation
for the deviis of Europe, and the President
! has thrown us a pretty stone, sparkling with
bright colors ? a perfect jewel of words,
: words, words. We get nothing more than
has already been said hundreds of times, and
| no better scheme than has failed before?to
: include the whole world of nations, big and
j little, wise and foolish, peace-loving and
j bloodthirsty, strong and weak, gentle and
cruel, the highly trained, refined and stabil?
ised by centuries of grand achievement, and
the newly-made or semi-civilized, immature,
| anarchy-debauched and inefficient?a hetero
I gencous mass, to be held together by a high
? strung, passionate, wrong-headedly, ob?
stinate devotion to a dream-theory of quickly
attained human perfection.
What does he bring us after three wasted
i months of strenuous and futile effort? Not
j the faintest idea of a treaty of peace, with
"open covenants, openly arrived at," that
? shall end the war in triumph for the win?
ners and procure the eternal discomfiture
! of the enemies of mankind. He brings us
; an elaborate document, verbose, vague and
, visionary, tilled with the strange doctrine
of the renunciation of sovereignty by each
! nation for the good of all. and decreeing
l that a mere majority of their clcle
' gates shall bind even the strongest
j power to a course its own citizens might
| justly oppose. What is his argument in de
! fence of this impudent proposition, as Colonel
| Harvey calls it? Moonshine! An appeal to
' gushing altruism. The falsa assumption that
America will egregiously fail in her duty to
the world if she does not take his loudly
vaunted specific. That's the method of a
This is the beautiful stone that has been
magnanimously and magniloquently delivered
to us, instead of good, plain, nourishing
Thei'p should be not an unwieldy, top
heavy "league of nations," or united states
of the world, with our amiable President
; at its head, but an old-fashioned firm alliance
! or covenant of peace, by and between the
' nations most interested -the victors in the
' world war. It should be strong, yet flex?
ible, based on reason and good faith. No
i surrender of sovereignty by any, but all
pledged to whatever common action may be
, necessary to maintain the peace of the
CHARLES A. HAMMOND.
Mount Vernon, N. V.. Feb. 27, 1919.
Misrepresented to France
To the Editor of the Tribune.
Sir: Is it not a shame that Mr. Wilson
has so misrepresented us to the French
people? We, who so warmly admire heroic
France, are made to appear indifferent to
the pressing need of restoration of her
land and industries. He has done nothing
but delay this urgently needed work, and
for what? M. L. H.
Morristown, \. J., Feb. 27, 1919.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: To say that all good citizens vouid
approve a league of nations that would be
successful in doing away with war in the
future would be about equivalent to saying
that nil good citizens believe in the multi?
plication table. To say that all good citizens
must approve the "Proposed Covenant for
a World League" is quite another proposi?
tion. Is it possible our intelligent, and
patriotic citizens are willing to accept Arti?
cle 11 os the "Proposed Covenant," as fol?
"Meetings of the body of delegates
shall be held at stated intervals and from
time to time as occasion may require for
the purpose of dealing with matters
within the sphere of action of the league.
Meetings of the body of delegates shall
be held at the seat of the league, or at
such other place as may be found con?
venient, and shall consist of representa?
tives of the high contracting parties.
Each of the high contracting parties shall
have one vote, but may have not more
than three representatives."
Is it possible that Mr. Wilson is readv to j
commit our government to a principle
which, if applied to the states of our Union,
| would produce the following result: Nevada, I
with a population of about 82,000, would |
have a voting power equal to the great
State of New York, with its 10,000,000
Even this illustration in regard to the !
United States government is not so strong !
an argument as that which may be used t
against the "Proposed Covenant of Na- j
tions." Under our government there are !
two legislative bodies, but, according to the ''
"Covenant of Nations," there is to be but
one, and that body is to be controlled by a
majority vote on most questions and by a
two-thirds or three-fourths vote on all ;
It seems ns though Mr. Wilson had taken
upon his shoulders quite a load to deliver |
the United States over to the league of na?
tions to be controlled by European or Asi?
atic powers. HENRY J. COOKINHAM.
Utica, N. Y.. Feb. 26, 1919.
Some Things Forgotten
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: A smooth tongue, uttering well i
phrased generalities, is able to obscure the ?
vision and impair tho memories of many
people of education and apparent intelli?
A great many people have forgotten:
That. President Wilson exhorted us in
1914 to be neutral in thought, and deed.
That President Wilson said in 1915 that
there was no danger of our becoming in?
volved in the war, and there was no need
That President. Wilson ordered the in?
vasion of Mexico and the occupation of
Tampico and Vera Cruz without accom?
plishing any result, except the loss of a
number of American lives.
That, President Wilson was elected in
19D> under the banner upon which were
subscribed the words. "He kept us out of
war," when he knew, or should have known,
that he could not by any possibility keep
us out of war.
That, when we were finally kicked into
the war. after three years of insults and
humiliation: after three years of actual
warfare waged against us by Germany and
German agents, during which time our
ships were sunk, our people killed, our
factories and grain elevators as well as
our munition plants blown up by German
agents, President Wilson informed us that
we were not at war with the German peo?
ple people who were violating every law
of civilization and humanity; people who
were rejoicing in the slaughter of the inno?
That, in 1917. President Wilson declared
for a "peace without victory" which, in the
light of subsequent events as well as what
was known by most well informed people
when the declaration was made, was un?
That President Wilson's fourteen points.
which were so eagerly accepted by Ger?
many when she realized that her armies
were beaten, were made respectable only
by the armistice terms made on the field
by General Foch.
That the fourteen points have since been
so changed and mutilated as to be hardly
recognizable, one of which President Wil?
son himself has declared as being a good
joke on its author.
The most amazing of his world league ef?
forts is his request that they should tiot be
discussed nor criticised. We are unable to
understand the viewpoint of a man who.
after years of error, in most cases proved,
and in some acknowledged, requests that
I he be permitted to provide a panacea that
will bring peace to the whole world; that
he bo permitted to solve the problems of
the universe without criticism or question.
C. E. DALRYMPLE.
New Brunswick, N. J., Feb. 28, 1919.
"He Shall Not Pass!"
1 To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: All Americans want safeguards and
: will accept responsibilities to prevent wars,
! but not at the sacrifice of one whit of the
I sovereignty of the United States, despite
the assertions of any person that tho Mon?
roe Doctrine, control of the Panama Canal
: or the sovereignty of the United States is
not violated, but that the league of nations
?s a universal Monroe Doctrine. We in?
sist, if that is so, that it will be judicious
for us to demand it be specifically and em?
phatically set. forth.
It is not narrow to have a horizon that
; is American, as compared with an obscura
tion or obsession. The President has been
taken, or purposely went, into camp. No
one with an ounce of common sense im?
agines that the one vote of the United
States will be of any avail against its in?
terests or their safeguards.
We follow the precepts of Washington,
rather than those of Wilson. R. .1. S.
New York City. Feb. 28, 191P.
The Guardian on Guardianship
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Many of us recollect voting for
; President Wilson in 1912 largely because of
his insistence that he regarded himself as |
? one of the people, of his repeated state- !
; men's regarding the value of "common
counsel." In one of his campaign speeches
in that year lie said:
"I am one of those who absolutely reject
, the trustee theory, the guardianship theory.
! I have never found a man who knew how to
! take care of me, and, reasoning from that
i point out, T conjecture that there isn't any
i man who knows how to take care of all
, the people of the United States. 1 suspect j
that the people of the United States under
1 stand their own interests better than any
! group of men in the confines of th" coun?
try understand them."
Santa Monica. Cal., Feb. 18, 1919.
The Plain Case of France
To the Editor of The Tribune.
, Sir: What man, born of woman, can turn
deaf ears to the cry of noble France?
' What. American with red blood in his veins
: could step upon the soil of France without
! making a pilgrimage to battlefields hallowed
j for all time? What representative of this '
land, made forever free by the wholehearted !
assistance of our sister republic, could expect
to render a just decision without first
| seeing the far-spread evidence of hideous :
| "frightfulness"? Who is so bound up in his
own purposes as to appear impatient when
a cruelly wronged and suffering nation de?
manded definite protection and sure safe
guards against a beastly foe?
Mr. Wilson claims to be the embodiment .
of the will and thought of the American !
people. Was he such when he felt "too '
proud to fight"? Was he such when he said,
"We are not concerned with its 'the war's
causes nor its effects"; or -hen he said, ]
"Because some among :ve lost their
self-control we are not ex d"?
In Bible times, when the test came, the
false prophets were punished and the true
prophets honored. We have lived to see that
procedure exactly reversed.
AN AMERICAN FRIEND OF FRANCE.
Ilion, N. Y.. Feb. 28, 1919.
Before and After the Dinner
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your W'ashington dispatch in to-day's
Tribune states that President Wilson, in
replying to questions concerning the consti?
tution of the league of nations, said:
"Sixth Action on any important question
by the executive council must be virtually
There is nothing in the text of the. pro
posed constitution, as published in the
American press of February 15, that pro?
vides for anything of the kind. Which is
wrong the President, The Tribune or the
text as published?
"Seventh Any nation which joins the
league can withdraw at any time by taking
the proper steps to abrogate the treaties
under which the nation joined the league."
The constitution of the league is to be an
integral part of the peace treaty, and the
nation ratifying that, treaty becomes thereby
a member of the league. Will it be necessary
to abrogate the peace treaty in order to
withdraw from the league?
"Fourteenth The five major powers in the
league would decide not only the personnel
of tho other four member? of the executive
council, but the length of their services "
Article :? says that the body of delegates
shall select the four nations to be repr*.
sented, and the natural inference is that
these nations will appoint their own rep^.
sentstives. Who is mistaken'.'
W. L. PEET.
Newburgh, X. Y.. Feb. 27, 1919.
Ihe Unfinished Job
To Cue editor of The 'IVibune.
Sir: Will some of your readers kindW
advise me as to the difference between
Bryan's 1 * to 1 and President Wilson's 14
to 0? If figures do not lie Bryan has two
points to lus favor, and the 10 to 1, tr&?.T
as it was, would not have mixed our -ires.
ent generation and our posterity ir.'o Euro?
pean quarrels. H President W-.lson rad
not used his high office to prevent us from
going on to Berlin and making a complet*
job of it. then t,. :rmins would realize ;V,a
they had been licked, and licked to a fran'c
Now, when the Germans look over their un?
molested country, why should tbey tv,m^.
had been licked? President Wilson
used his high office to protect Germany, md
he knows it, and so do we American
H. J. Bt DI ORD.
Pia nficld. X J., Feb. 27, 1919.
Attaching a Tether
To 'he Editor of The Tribun,-.
Sir: Would not the apparently impos?
sible be accomplished if a resolution wer?
passed by Congress to the effect that in
the event of the President of the United
States absenting himself from the territory
of the United States for a period exceeding
ten days this should constitute a vacanc?
of the office (if President, to be tilled by a
general election to be held in his absence,
and for which he could not himself be a
candidate for reelection? G K. M.
New York, Feb. 2S. 1919.
Flattery as an Anaesthetic
To :he Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Mr. Wilson's words "America th?
hope of the world" are meant to flatter ui
into agroeing with his project of a leajue
of nations. If in a whirlwind campaign of
a few (lays he can succeed in winning ui
by painting a picture of ourselves an bene?
factors of mankind it will be a persons!
triumph for himself. He does not 'wish U
go back to T'nris and have 1o confess that
he has failed in this. I trust IViBt the peo?
ple are not going to be carried away by
his rhetoric into forgetting that they knrrw
nothing about his scheme but its name.
The primary object of the conference
was the nettling of the dictated peace tern?
to Germany and hastening the restoration
of suffering Belgium and France. It would
seem the first impulse of every generou*
soul to aid in its accomplishment. Bnt
Mr. Wilson lias chosen instead to compel
attention to his plan. No wonder that
France is dissatisfied. M. L. H.
Morristown, X. J., Feb. 26, 1919.
If an Administration Is Callous
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Only a short time since the Mexi?
cans were slaughtering our people on land
while the Germans murdered them upon
the seas, and even blew up our mun.,ion
plants upon our own soil, all of this being
viewed with utter indifference by a callous
Administration. As to the war itself, we
were told that it was "three thousand miles
away, and did not concern us, and that our
present allies did not know what t.hey wen?
righting for." Now. supposing that we in
dorse the peace treaty and that, in a Ilk?
emergency we have an administration sim
lar to the present, of what value would
such a document be? '?'?' H. P.
Brooklyn, Feb. 26, 1919
The Views of Zeb Games
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: On the editorial page of your
paper yesterday i Thursday Mr. Zeh Maines,
of Goose (reek, ?et forth in few wordi
what seems to me to be the conception of
the great body of the American people of
what would be the only effective form of
a league of nations one "with sufficient
naval and militan.- force behind it to en?
force its mandates," a-- Mr. Games r'Jts
it, end about the only thing for wh:ch tier
many would h.we any respect.. ? hope Mr.
Oaines's letter s widely r^acl.
P. L. JONES,
Kloster. \. J., Feb. 28, 1919.
Bad Hospital Manag ment
To the Editor at' The Tribune.
S.r: In o-io of the nearby government
hospitals student nurses have daily eight
hours of exacting physical labor in the
wards, during which they are constant? v on
their feet. Four additional boars ?re? re?
quired for lectures and recitations, and
further time must be given to study. When
it is remembered that they are subject to
the depression caused by constant associa?
tion with severely wounded and purTerinfr
soldiers, that the food is monotonous in
character and unattractively served, that
these pirls of refinement and e-du.-atnoa are
often subjected to petty, exacting and in?
quisitorial discipline on the part ol the
head nurses, it is scarcely to be w-.-tiered
at that practically all of the entering .-?as'
have been ill, that half hart? already g:~es
up the work and that the merest fraction
of them have felt able to sign for the *'ul!
period of three years. Cannot wm? remedy
be suggested for such a state of t'n;ngs?
To whom should appeal be mad? 'for rel.ef?
New York. Feb. 2-i, 191?.
The Source of Hyphenism
To th" Kditor of Th? Tribune.
Sir: 1 was very much interested in to?
editorial in your issue of y-stervijr." ~ >rn
ing entitled "Kultur in Nebraska." Hie
loyal newspapers of rhe Cnited States ? -:'"'
to combine in a campaign to prohib
era! ins?-ruction in any language except In*
English larguai;*-. I want to commend ^?-!
on the it-."'!- rights you hav>? mad?
dishonest advertising, Hears">-n and other
"isms* which every loyal new>papvr >? ?h'
to tight. ?'. C. PRKSr.
NVw York, Feb. 24, 1919.
A Bargain Husband
From TA? Potto.? .Vnr?)
A Wes; Palias widow says the latest pro?
posal she has received was from a Lan
caster undertaker, who said that if sh*
would ogre.' to marry him he would fcury
her folks at half-price.
What Tears He'd Shed Here!
. h'rpm 7'A.' Birmingham .-l^i-iferaM)
A German caf? proprietor at AndemicB
who was reluctantly compelled to serve hot
chocolate instead of beer to American
soldier? nlmoMt wupt at seeing another t**'
dition of the fatherland shatterod.