Newspaper Page Text
! The holders o? our guaranteed
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Wc haie guaranteed $692,000,000
in the past 27 years and no in?
vestor has ever lost a dollar.
?oND & Mortgage
[ Capital and Surplus, $19,000,000
I 176 Broadway, New York
? 175 Remseit St., 196 Montague St., Bllyn
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67 Jackscn Aye., Long Island Cut
gqtiations. These plenipotentiaries not
only have the important ministerial
portfolios, respectively of justice and
nqs'.s and telegraphs, hut are among
the most inlluential political leaders in
Landsberg is regarded as the brains
of the Majority Socialists, while Gies
hoVts is very high in the councils of
the Catholic j>aN?5 and the Catholic
labor unions. Their counsel, there?
fore, is required by the government in
determining . its " attitude toward the
It is understood thnt both the min?
isters will return to Versailles in case
th*> peace treaty is' signed.
In addition to Herren Landsberg and
Gjesberts, General Seech, Naval Cap?
tain Heinrich and Captain Fisher Cuno,
privy councillor and nine secretaries
departed to-night for Germany.
The projection of a complete sub?
stitute treaty by the Germans is not
unexpected, but this would be treated
tilo samo as the German plans for a
league of nations, neither of which will
b? considered, the only question being
the acceptance or rejection of the Al?
The German delegation has handed j
t of the council of four the German plan
for a League of Nations. This plan
v.-as drawn up by Professor Schuecking,
arid the principal feature is an interna?
tional parliament composed of ten
representatives from each nation.
*'The project." a member of the peace
conference committee on the league of
nations said, "has onty academic in?
terest, as'the committee will not exam?
ine or consider it, for it has no pur?
pose to let the Germans confuse the
Allied project, which has unanimous
i Notes Referred to Experts
The council of fodr at its meeting
tou-day decided to refer the German
nqtea on labor and war prisoners to
experts for consideration, instead of
answering them at once, as it did with
thfe first two communications from the
The first of these notes asked that
there be a reciprocal policy adopted as
to the repatriation of prisoners and
requested that the details of the trans?
fer he placed in the hands of a com?
mission. In his second note the head
of the German peace delegation ad?
vanced a counter project as to inter?
national labor legislation.
j Asks Parleys on Prisoners
Count von Brockdorff-Rant'?au, Ger?
man Foreign Minister, in addressing a
nqte to Premier Clemenceau relative to
the repatriation of prisoners, asks that
The reputation of the big
'planes on their hop across the
Atlantic depends on their ability
Jo keep out of the water.
So it is with some shirts.
| They enjoy ? good reputation
until they get into the tub?
then presto chango! You can't
recognize your shirt.
Par-amount Shirts stand mod?
ern laundry- hardships remark?
. They're full size, well-fed shirts
'to begin with, and it takes more
than a good ducking to upset
Colors, too, show dogged re?
sistance to ill-treatmerit.
No colors, available nowadays,
can stand up forever against the
caustic acids laundries use. v
, But that doesn't worry a Par?
amount wearer?his shirts are
Fabrics, colors, buttons, but?
tonholes?the whole shirt guar?
anteed satisfactory or your
And yet the prices are only
$1.50 and $2.00.
"Remarkable," you say.
And we echo, "Remarkable."
Your first Par-amount Shirt will
?m **?* -BUST
Occupation of Rhine
ISot to Last 15 Years
) New York Tribune
Special Cable. Service
(Copyright, l 019. Now Yorlc Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, May 12.?On'the surface it
might appear as if France- and
Great Britain wore committed to the
fifteen-year occupation of the left
bank of the Rhine, but good judges
believe that the soldiers will be with?
drawn long before that date. Great
Britain is almost certain to withdraw
her troops within a short period after
the Americans arc recalled.
the details of the transfer be intrusted
1 to commissions.
The German Foreign Minister says
the German peace delegation has "noted
?with satisfaction" that the draft of the
i treaty recognizes in principle the re
' putriation of German war and civilian
prisoners with great expedition, and
says that special commissions might
carry on direct oral discussions, which
I would include all belligerent states, it
i being pointed out that even during
i hostilities this has proved a most ef?
fective way of solving difficulties.
The note says that this work should
I be much easier, now that the war is
over, and would remove differences of
conception or lack of clearness on par?
ticular points, such as legal concep?
tions in individual countries. The Ger- I
man delegation, it is said, considers it
indispensable that those war and ci- j
vilian prisoners detained or undergoing
punishment for other than disciplinary
offences should in principle be included
among those to be unconditionally re
Urges Better Treatment |
"Regarding war and civilian prison- ;
ers of Allied and associated powers in !
its hands," the note says, "Germany ?
has recognized the same principle. It I
appears self-evident to the German del?
egation, therefore, that on grounds of
fairness certain alleviations in the
treatment of prisoners should be
agreed upon, pending their return."
The note then proceeds:
"In a one-sided manner, some feel,
the stipulations have been mado in
favor of the Allied and associated gov?
ernments. For instance, those regard?
ing the surrender of personal property,
the search-for missing objects and the
care of' graves might be cited. It is
assumed that in these questions a de?
mand for complete reciprocity is
founded on general human rights."
The note then re'fers to a number
of minor points and proposes that j
deliberations by commissions should j
be begun speedily to clear Hip prelimi- ?
naries in readiness for the time when j
shipping and similar difficulties may j
be solved and the removal of the pris- j
oners may be possible.
Wants Prisoners Clothed
It alludes to the importance to Ger- j
many that the prisoners return home
under orderly conditions, insuring
their reinstatement into economic life j
with the greatest possible dispatch, and i
says that this seems only possible if |
everything is done to "raise the moral !
and physical state of those returning." !
Since Germany's economic position
prevents her by her own strength from
providing the requisite guarantees the ?
delegation suggests that the delibera- |
tions of the commissions might extend j
to the question of how far it would be 1
possible on the part of the Allied and I
associated governments to help Ger?
many in the matter, and, for example, j
in return for the repayment of the cost
to provide the prisoners with new out- !
fits, underclothing, civilian suits and j
boots, before their return.
The note concludes: "Accept, Herr
President, the expression of my most :
Labor Question Important
In his note dealing with labor ques
tions, Count .von Brockdorff-Rantzau
says that the German government
agrees with the Allied and associated
governments that the greatest atten- :
tion must be paid to these problems.
"Internal peace and human progress
depend on how these questions are ;
handled," tho note says. "The de- ;
manda for social justice repeatedly!
drawn up in this connection by work- \
ers of all lands only partly und in-:
dorsement in principle in this section
of the Allied governments' draft of
the pe?ee terms. These high demands,
have for the most part, already been
carried Out in an admittedly exem?
plary fashion in the German Empire"
Referring to the draft "of an agree?
ment on international labor compiled |
by the German government and pro
posed by the German league of na- '
tions, the note says: "In order, in the j
interest of all of humanity, to put
these principles everywhere into
practice, the acceptance of the Ger?
man delegation's proposal is certainly ;
requisite. We consider it necessary :
that all states should join in this
agreement, even if they do not belong:
to the league of nations
Suggests Labor Conference
"In order to assure the workers, for
whom these proposed improvements |
are destined, cooperation in shaping |
these principles the German delega- ?
tion considers it necessary to convoke |
representatives of the national organi- |
nations of the labor unions of all the ?
contracting parties to a conference at
Versailles, even during peace negotia?
tions, to deliberate and make decisions
on international labor law. It consid?
ers it would be advantageous that the
proceedings of this conference be
based on'decisions reached at the In?
ternational Trades Union Conference
held at Berne from February 5 to Feb?
ruary 9, 1919. We append* a copy of
these decisions, which have been ac?
cepted by the representatives of trades '
union organizations in Bohemia, Bul- j
garia, Denmark, Germany, Great Brit- !
ain, France, Greece, Holland, Italy, ;
Canada, Norway. Austria. Swede?. ;
Switzerland, Spain and Hungary. We i
have been charged to do this by the I
unions of Germany."
The decisions reached at the inter- j
national trades union conference.held j
in Borne parallel with the international ;
Socialist conference between February
5 and 9 last, include the demand for ;
the international enactment of an
eight-hour day, with thirty-six hours'
uninterrupted rest every week; com
pulsory accident and unemployment in- !
surance; prohibition of night work for!
women workers; prohibition of employ- ;
ment of childrer. below fifteen in any
trade, and a six-hour day for youths :
between fifteen and eighteen; inter?
national legislation to protect the rights 1
. and standards of seamen, to apply
! equally to all nations and to be super
vised by special commissions created !
for the purpose.
j It was resolved that these decisions j
j should be submitted to the peace con- :
: ferencc, with the demand they be in- :
j corporated in the peace treaty.
The leading figures of the conference
j were J. H. Ihomas, Arthur Henderson1
! arid Messrs. Bowerman and\ Appleton, |
of England; M. Jouhaox, of France, and
! Kerr Karl Legion, of Germany. The '
? latter is a member of the German peace ?
j delegation at Versailes. ;
'Monstrous, ' Says
Ebert of Treaty
Gernum President De- \
clares Wilson Has De?
serted His "14 Points"
BERLIN,' May 11 ?By The Associ
; ?ted Press). -"Germany has seized and
unfurled it new banner on which aro
? .'inscribed President Wilson's fourteen
More than the 3 R's
Would you brush y?uf teeth if there had never
been advertising of dentifrice or tooth-brushes?
Of course you would.
Still, there are.those who need "education" in the
use of dentifrice for teeth, soaps for scalps, concrete for
roads, tractors for farms, and so on and on, a list as
long as your arm.
Who is to educate the public??the schools leave off
somewhere between the ages of fourteen and twenty
two?the newspaper? when anything ceases to be a
nine days' wonder.
"Line upon line, precept upon precept"?that's edu?
cation and that's advertising.
Over and over and over again until people learn to
brush their teeth.
Oh no they don't! You're mistaken. The best
available statistics indicate that only about 25% of the
people in America brush their teeth. Advertising
increases the needs of the individual and the best
advertising multiplies the number of consumers.
For example, the magnesia makers show more
people how to conserve coal, and another association
teaches new uses for cement.
Advertising space in the Butteruk publications
is for sale by accredited advertising agencies.
Two dollars the year, each
points, which the President apparent?
ly luis deserted," said Friedrich Ebert,
the German President, in a statement
to The Associated Press to-day.
President Ebert called the peace
treaty a "monstrous document." He
declared that history holds no prece?
dent for such determination to com?
pletely annihilate vanquished peoples.
President Ebert declared that the
world's youngest republic, in the h'-ur
of gravest peril, had weighed its over?
seas big brother and found him want?
In a statement nitendcd primarily
for the American people, which he
designated "a moral declaration of
w;ir upon all that remains of the old
system of international politics," the
first President of the German Repub?
lic discussed with outspoken frank?
ness the peace situation, the otate of
the German people and the prospect of
the immediate future.
Big demonstrations against the sign?
ing of the peace treaty by Germany
were held In Berlin, Breslau, Danzig,
Koenigsberg, Cassel, Bochrm and
other places. The demonstrations were
organized by the National People's
"If this treaty comes to pass T will
bring up my children in hatred," said
Deputy Traub, speaking in Berlin.
Would Protect the Kaiser
Dr. Gustav Stresemann, one of the
People's Party leaders, spoke in pro?
test against the demand for the sur?
render of former Emperor William. If
the German people complied with it
they would be without shame or honor,
Althoughg the Independent Social?
ists at the outset of the discussion
over the .peace treaty adopted the
standpoint that peace must be signed
at all costs, the tremendous pressure
of public expression, violent in its pro?
tect against the treaty's terms, has lee
them to reconsider their view, many oi
them joining the multitude tha's i? pro?
testing against the signing.
In the name of the Indenendent So
cialist party Richard Weiler told the
Workmen's Councils of Greater Bcrlir
that f.uch "a dictated peace of crue
severity" as the Entente desires to im
pose upon Germany could not be i
lasting peace. Therefore he demand?e
the assembling of a congress of th<
councils to determine their attitude
toward the question and to appeal to the
Entente proletariat to work agains
the peace "proposed by Entente worlc
imperialism as embodied in th<
Have Incurred "Blood Guilt"
Herr Mueller, another of the Inde
pendent leaders, seizes the occasior
again to assail the old imperialists
regime in Germany, which he declare
incurred blood guilt bjr thtv invasion o
France and Belgium and the destruc
tion of mines and industries.
i Arguing against the 'prevalent pro
tests Karl Kautsky, writing in the In
dependent organ "Die Freiheit," says
"Shall we sign the peace if it is no
to be modified, or' have we not an;
otner chance? If it were a peace o
destruction, a death sentence, as it i
called, agreement to it wouid be sui?
cide. But hard as the conditions are
they do not lead to the downfall of the
German people, even though they will
make life terribly difficult. A genu?
ine downfall, a rapid physical down?
fall, would come, however, if we de
? clirted to sign the peace and reverted
I to a state of war. After a few weeks
of fruitless opposition, costing mill
I ions and lives, we should be forced to
The stipulation in the peace terms
that Germany must surrender thou?
sands of milch cows, swine, beeves and
other domestic animals, to replace
those lost by the Allies through the
1 war, has created the most bitter and
! violent protest among rich and poor
The "Tageblatt" describes the de?
mand as "monstrous'and impossible,"
and calls attention to the frightful
child mortality because of lack of milk.
It declares that this is a deliberate ef?
fort to continue hunger among the
German people and is "brutality not to
The paper asserts that the cattle to
be delivered would total ,2,500,000
hundredweight, as* compared with
1,400,000 hundredweight of American
Coreans Ask "Big Four"
For Freedom From Japan
Nullification of 1910 Treaty
Demanded of Conference in
Self - Determination Plea
PARIS, May 12.?A petition from the
Corean people and nation asking foi
liberation from Japan was submitted to
the peace conference to-day by repre?
sentatives of Corea, "he petition also
asks for recognition of Crea as an in?
dependent state and for the nullifica?
tion of the treaty of August, 1910.
A treaty signed on August 23, 1910,
by Japan and Corea formally annexed
the Corean territory to the Empire of
Japan. The Corean imperial govern?
ment was overthrown in 1905. The
treaty of 1910 deprived the Coreai:
Emperor of all political power, changed
the name of the country to "Chosen'
and established the office of the Jap?
anese Governor General.
WASHINGTON, May 12.?Recogni?
tion by the peace conference of Corea's
claim to independence was urged bj
Dr. Syngham Rhee, Secretary ef State
of the provisional Corean government
in a message sent to President Wilsor
and Premier Clemenceau.
"The Corean people have solemnlj
sworn to resist all existing authoritie':
in Corea other than those of <heii
own provisional government," the mes
"The only way Corean people can b<
compelled to submit to the illegal, im
moral and self-appointed authoritie:
is by using brutal force. 1 regret t<
state to you that brutal force is nov
promiscuously used to suppress the in
dependence movement of the Corear
"It is the hope of the- provisiona
government that your honorable bod;
will use its good offices to persuade thi:
offending member to desist from prae
tising such inhuman tactics for thi
purpose of retaining he: ill-gotten ter
ritory. It is a reflection on you
league of nations, and it, is certain);
u blot on modern civilization."
Germans and U. S. idea
Are Losers in War,
Says Berlin Editoi
BERLIN, May 12 (By The Associate.
Press).?The semi-official Wolff Burea
Model Coats and Hats
For Spring and Summer
Sizes 2 to 14 years
FIFTrTAVEN?E AT 45? ST
la ' night issued a statement to the
<effect that the reply of Premier Cle
nvonceau to the noto of the German
peace delegation regarding the >eace
treaty, "although it seems to reject a
discussion, implies a renewed adh?r?
ence to the agreement of October and
November, 1918 (armistice), and hints
that practical proposals may be made
? for negotiations on the draft." The
"That such negotiations are contem?
plated appears from the fact that the
, Allies on Saturday asked for several
; printed copies of the German proposals
on the league of nations and the labor
! charter. Premier Clemenceau's reply
; to the German note on the league
i evades the central point of the ques
Frederick Stampfer, editor of "Vor
: w?rts," to-day complained bitterly of
the treatment the German newspaper
correspondents were receiving at Ver
j Bailies, from which he had just arrived.
Their status was that of prisoners of
war, he said:
"Therefore," continued the editor,
"my colleagues and myself were speed
I ily convinced that we wovc. not in an
environment calculated to give us a
peace in keeping with the exalted
ideas of President Wilson, wdio of late
has become so strangely silent?his
pose so sphinxlike.
"We might, as well become an Eng
. lish, an American or a French colony,"
j he said in speaking of the terms de
j "We have become somewhat sus
j picious of late," he added. "The two
| vanquished parties in this war are the
German people and the American idea."
I Germans Are Bitter,
But Will Not Reject
Terms, Officers Say
OOBLENZ, May 10 (By The asso?
ciated Press).?The impression gained
i by American officers through, talking
i with Germans regarding the peace
' terms is that many of them are bitter
! and sullen, but are inclined to resign
j themselves to accept any terms, no
? matter how harsh they may lie. No
! concrete plan of fiction has been sug
! gested in the event the German dele
< gates at Versailles refuse to sign the
American officers say the civilians
| in the occ.upieeT area have widely eliver
' gent views, but that, as a whole, they
? appear more or less stunned. Many
of them seem crushed, but others are
? showing a spirit of bravado.
Several German officials are quoted
i as having said that the terms are moro
! severe than they had expected, but
I although it. would be necessary for the
| German delegates to argue against
some of the conditions imposed, they
; felt there was little else to do but sign.
Actions of Germany's
Delegates Are Comical,
Says Paris Newspaper
PARIS, May 12.? France is not in a
mood to listen to Germany just now,
the "Journal des D?bats'' says.
"The President of Germany," the
? editorial continues, "protests against
! the peace terms and declares them im
I possible of acceptance. This attitude
will bo lost on us. The Germans, as
I usual, will yield only to force. During
? the time allowed them to make? up their
minds they will try to persuade us to
conclude peace upon such and such a
"It is comical, indeed, to see at a
time like this the Germans seriously
proposing to us a version^of the league
of nations and plans for the recon
, struction of Europe. They should put
them'all back in the cabinets at Wil?
Amended Covenant ?s
Praised by Earl Grey
LONDON. May ll.?ViScouht Grey,
of FaHoden, former Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs, says In an inter?
view that he is delighted with the
amended covenant of the league of
nations, having feared "that much less
might be accomplished at the confer?
Viscount Grey considers the key to
the whole organization is the annual i
meeting of the nine Premiers or For- ?
eign Secretaries represented on the
"So long as that meeting is regularly
held and wisely inspired," he says, "so
j long may we confidently hope the peace
; of the world will ba secure."
lie believes that armaments will
? diminish as the league becomes strong
? and vital and produces a sense of
\ security, and that eventually "those
, who now fear it does not go far enough
and those thinking: that it goes too far
: will both be satisfied." Earl Grey has
\ the greatest confidence in Sir Eric
! Drummond. the first secretary gen
| era! of the league, and is especially
i pleased to know that Sir Eric s elec
j tion was % orginally suggested by the
! American 'delegates.
To Join With Germany
COPENHAGEN, May 12.-Dr. Otto
| Bauer, Foreign Minister of German
! Austria, in a speecTi to the workers
| protested against the peace terms
j handed to the Germans at Versailles.
Dr. Bauer objected to the plan for
! making German Austria a neutralized
! state and concluded: "This small
'?? German Austria cannot exist alone.
| Unless we join with big Germany we
j shall not even be German Austria."
? French Deputies Plan
To Discuss Peace Treaty
PARIS, .May 12.?The Chamber of
Deputies will discuss to-morrow sev?
eral propositions as to how it will pro?
ceed with consideration of the peace
' treaty. One proposal is that the chair
i man of the twelve great commissions
of the Chamber be given the duty of
j examining the treaty. Deputy Dnmour
will move that a special commission be
It is probable there will be no dis
J cussion of the terms of the treaty in
j the Chamber until the treaty itself is
I communicated by the government.
? Strasbourgers Seek
Union With Kehl
STRASBOURG, May 12.?Industrial,
commercial and political leaders in
Strasbourg and Alsace are impressed
favorably with the peace terms inso?
far as they concern the return of Al
j .suce and Lorraine to France, Some
! commercial leaders of Strasbourg are
j inclined to disagree with the economic
i clauses, particularly with regard to
; the town of Kohl, across the Rhine
? from Strasbourg. They hold that
Strasbourg will be ruined as a port
: unless Kehl is joined to Strasbourg for
; fifteen years, and the French are given
? the right to establish a toll bridge
; across the river.
American Troops To Quit
North Russia In June
Tentative Arrangements Made
To Begin Withdrawal
Early In Month
ARCHANGEL, May 10 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).- -Tentative arrangements
are being made to begin the with?
drawal of American troops from North
Russia early in June. These plans have
been taken up following Secretary
Baker's announcement, but no definite
orders have as yet been received.
American troops have not been engaged
on a large scale in the last month's
LONDON, May 12.?Further reports
having to do with the reputed intention
of anti-Bolshevik forces to make an at?
tack on Petrograd have been received
from Hensingfors, Finland. The So?
cialist newspaper published in Helsing
fors says that General Podzianko, with
3,000 Russians, will march against
Petrograd from the south shore of the
Gulf of Finland, while General Jude
nitch, with 3,000 men, will attack from
the Olonetz district, on the north.
A Hclsingfors dispatch to the Stock?
holm "Svenska Dagblad," relayed here,
says that twenty British warships are
expected at Helsingfors, "probably to
watch the polshevik fleet."
LONDON, May 12.- The first contin?
gent of the volunteer army raised to
relieve the men who are fighting in
North Russia left Newcastle to-day for
Archangel. Two other contingents will
depart this week.
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STORE OPKN 0 A. M. TO 5:30 P. M.
Belgians Attacking Treaty !
Tell King Albert JSation
?s 'Gagged and Mutilated?
BRUSSELS, May 12.?A demonstra
: tion organized by a number Of. patri?
otic societies has sent addr?%?s to
King Albert expressive of tb^Igjlgian
people's disappointment to find* the
country had been "gagged and mutilat?
ed," and is obtaining neither* the guar?
antees nor the reparation promised
by frhe Allies.
The addresses complain that indem?
nities provided are inadequate, and ask
j the king to "save Belgium from the
| ruin which theatens her."
West Austrians Vote
For Union With Swiss
BERNE. May 12 (By The Assorted
Press).?As a result of a plebiscite
held Sunday in Vorarlberg, the west?
ernmost district of Austria-Hungry,
on the question of uniting with
Switzerland, 45,500 persons vo'ed in
favor of annexation, as compared with
Overtures to Switzerland will now
begin, but the Swiss stares themselves
are to have a plebiscite on the cues
tioti of taking in the crownland.
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