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French Seientists Are Told
Flower of Nation Have
Paid With Blood to Up
liold Our Ideals to World
Speaks for U. S., He Says
President Declares ViewsNot
Personal; Deeries Teuton
PARIS, May 12 (By The Associated
Press).--President Wilson, in his ad?
dress to the French Academy of Moral
and Political Science on Saturday en
tered a strong disclaimer of the idea
that the American people were largely
materialists, or dollar worshippers.
"I have had in recent months one
very deep sense of privilege," the Pres?
ident said. "I have been keenly aware
that there have been times when the
peoples of Europe haven't understood
the people of the United States. We
too often have been supposed to be
devoted ehiey, r.f not entirely, to ma
Verial enterprises. We have been sup?
posed, in the common phrase, to
worship the almighty dollar.
America Has High Ideals
"We have accumulated wealth, sir;
we have devoted ourselves to material
enterprises with extraordinary success,
but there has underlain that, all
the time. a common sense of humanity
and a common sympathy with the high
principles of justice, which never has
growr. dim in the field even of enter
prise; and it has been my very great
joy in these recent months to interpret
the people of the United States to the
people of the world.
"I have r.ot done more. sir. I have
r.ot uttered in my public capacity my
own private thoughts; I have uttered
what I have known to be the thoughts
of the great people whom I represent.
T have uttered tne things that have
been stored up in their hcarts and pur?
pose from the time of our birth as a
It was at this noint that the Presi?
dent made his declaration that the
American people, who came into the
world consscrated to liberty, were
>eady to east in their lot in common
nith the lot of chose whose liberty is
threatened whenever the cause of lib?
erty was seen to be imperilled.
Made Good With Their Blood
"This is the spirit of the peopie of
? ie United States." he cwntinued. "and
they have been pr'vileged to send _.
not),000 men over here to tell you so. It
has been their great privilege not
merely to tell you so in words. but to
tell you so in men and material?the
touring out of th^ir wealth and the
offering of their blood."
President Wilson alluded to his
f.udies in the field of political science
nnd of the attempts he had made "to
put into the words of lejirning the
thought of a nation, the attitude of a
people toward public affairs.
"Many of my coileagues in Ameri?
can university life got their training,
< en in political science, as so many
r.icn in civil circles did. in German
uni'versities," he said. "I have been
< bliged at various times to read a
great deai of bad German, difficult
German. awkward German. and I have
been aware that the thought was as
awkward as the phrase, that the
(7>ie Utmost in Cigarettes"
Plain End or Cork Tip
People of culture and refinemervt
to any other citfarette
thought was rooted in' a fundamental
misconception of the state and of the
political life of peoples.
Opposes German Ideals
"And it has been a portion of my
effort to disengage the thought o'f
American university teachers from the
misguided instruction which they had
received on this side of the sea. Their
American spirit anticipated most of
them, as a matter of course, but the
' form of the thought sometimes misled
them. They speak too often of the
state as a thing which would ignore
the individual, as a thing which was
privileged to dominate the fortune of
; men, by a sort of inherent and sacred
, "Now, as an utter democrat. I never
have been able to accept that view of
to have his voice hea7d"and"his"council
heeded, in so far as it is worthv of
"I always have been among those
who beheve fhat the greatest freedom
of speeeh was the greatest safety be?
cause if a man is a foo! the best thing
to do is to encourage him- to advertise
the fact by speaking. It cannot be ?o
easily discovered if you allow him to
| remain silent and look wise, but if vou
: iet him speak, the secret is out, and
the world knows that he is a fool
"So it is by the exposure of folly
that it is defeated; not by the seclus
ion of folly, and in this free. air of
: iree speeeh men get into that sort of
commumcat'.on with one another which
i constitutes the basis of all common
acnievement. France, through many
vicissitudes and through manv bitter
expenences found the way to this sort
ot ireedom, and now she stands at the
iront of the world as the representa
tive Oi. constitutional liberty."
Wilson Calls World
Red Cross League Akin
To League of Nations
PARIS, May 12 By The Associated
; Press).?The League of Red Cro.is So
\ cieties of the World, which has been
formed to unlte relief efforts, is in
? spired by the same purpose that moved |
; the formation of the League of Nations,
President Wilson declared in a letter
written -,o H. P. Davison, who worked
out the pians for the Red Cross
League. The letter, which was made
public to-day, reads:
"My Dear Mr. Davison:
"Permit me to congratulatc you and
i your associates representing the Red
: Cross Societies of the United States.
i Great Britain. France, Italy and Japan
1 upon the formation of a League of
Red Cross Societies designed to unite
Speaking of "pretenders"?
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?:'?. :"A Burns quality?
W:^fy\ The mere fact of their being, in
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Wilson Message WorCt
Include Peace Treaty
IARIS, May 12 (By The Associated
Press).?President Wilson's mes?
sage, which will be cabled to Con?
gress on May 19, is expected to be
short. It is said it will not contain
the complete text of the peace treaty
or the proposed Franco-American en
gagement for joint military action
against Germany, both of these sub
jects being reserved for personal
presentation on the President's re?
The President's nearest associates
said to-day they were unable to ac
count for reports published in the
French ne%vspapers giving June 15
as the date for the President's de
parture. They said the President's
plans were still dependent on the
signing of the treaty.
WASHINGTON, May 12.?It was
expected at the State Department to?
day that the complete text of the
peace treaty with Germany would be
l'orwarded to Washington from Paris
by special courier and not by cable.
A considerable portion of the treaty
has a'ready been received by cable,
but so many corrections have been
sent that there is doubt whether the
text is absolutely accurate.
the Red Cross societies of the world
in active cooperation against the mis
eries which arise from disease and dis- |
aster. I know that the formation of
the league marks the achievement of a j
plan cherished by you for many months.
a plan with which I had an instinct
tive sympathy when you broached it to j
me upon its inception in your thoughta, j
not only because it promised a develop
ment of Red Cross usefulness, but also
because I saw in it a kindred purpose
to that which inspired us with the
design of the League of Nations -a
purpose to draw all people into con- ?
certed action for the welfare of the
"Although the League of Red Cross
Societies has no formal affiliation with
the League of Nations, it is so obvi ?
ously conceived in the spirit of th,c .
league that we incorporated its pur ',
poses.in an article of the covenant. I
know that both your committee and thft i
international committee of the Red
Cross purpose an organic union as j
soon as the temper of the world will
"I wish all speed to that consumma
tion, both for the promotion of Red
Cross activity and for the prompt at
tainment of the time when peace and
good will shall be written in men's
hearts as plainly as it is now being
written in their covenants.
"Cordiallv and sincereiy yours.
Wilson to Visit Brussels
And Explain Allied Plans
BRUSSELS, May 12 (By The Asso?
ciated Press;.?President Wilson will
visit Brussels about Mav 20, according
to the "Independence BelBre," which
adds that his visit will "dissipate mis
understandings and establish the good
will of the Allies toward Belgium."
Several projects, it is stated, are un?
der consideration. including the choice
of Antwerp as the European commer
cial base of the United States. Dr.
Epitacio Pessoa, President-elect of Bra
*'il, said before leaving yesterday that
he would renew his promise to help
Belgium by sending raw materials and
organizing a commercial base at Ant-!
A Japanese delegation is now visiting!
Antwerp with a view to studying collab- j
oration by Japan in the reconstruction I
of Belgian industry.
Allied Peace Parade in
Paris Set for June 6
I>ARIS,May 12.?A triumphal march
-*? ?'of the Allied armies through
Paris will take place June fi.
The event will occur on that date,
it is believed, even should the peace
treaty not have been signed at that
London Opinion Is
Hope on League
Liberals and Conservatives
in Agreement That Terms
Do Not End War Dangers;
Guarantees Are Needed
New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
(Copy-ight, 1919, New York Tribune Ine.)
LONDON, May 12.?From viewing
the peace treaty merely as the final j
word of the war and the embodiment
of Germany's punishment, England is ;
now beginning to consider the settle
ment from the viewpoint of its other ;
and true function, namely, the founda
tion of the corr.ing period of world !
peace. The treaty, it is admitted by all
parties here, well ends the war. The
punishment of Germany has been suffi
ciently severe to satisfy the most ex->
But wherein lies the guarantee for
the future peace of the world?
In the league of nations, say the
English Liberals^. ?
In the Anglo-French-American alli
ance against crushed but treacherous
Germany, say the Conservatives.
In Socialism, says Labor.
Neither of the two great bodies of j
opinion in Great Britain is fully satia
fied that the treaty itself is sufficient.
Expect Foe to Repudiafe
"Even if Germany signs the docu
ment we shall see her attempt to evade
and repudiate it as soon as she thinks !
herself strong enough," the Conserva?
The Liberals. on the other hand, feel
that many parts of the treatv probably
impose unjust conditions, such as the
arrangements in regard to the Saa;
"Valley and military occupation for
fifteen years. which is likely to result
undesirably, to the complete ruination
of Germany. The former. therefore,
see in what. is considered here "a de-'
fensive alliance" the best safeguard
for the future. The hope is widely
expressed that Italy will ?nter the
alliance as well.
"That, to our thinking," savs "The
Morning Post," "ia the real guarantee
of the peace of the world."
The Liberals believe that bv includ?
ing the covenant of the league of na?
tions the statesmen who drew up the
treaty have laid the way open to recti
fication of any wrong that may result
from the treaty. Unlike the Conserva?
tives, they anticipate changes aud re
visions in the terms as a result of
German counter proposals.
"If the first section of the draft of
the treaty containing the covenant of
the league can effectively be put into
operaticn the remaining sections, with
all their crudities and imperfections
and even injustice, after all, in com
parison, are but of minor account,"
says "The Daily News."
"Happily the injustices of the treatv
do not stand alone. In the forefront
of the treaty is the covenant of the
league of nations. It is the contribu
tion of America to the problem of mak?
ing the world secure against the catas
trophes of the past. It is in the hope
that the vision held out by the league
of nations will be realized that the
world awaits the momentous decisions
of the next few weeks."
Thus both bodies of opinion find
prospective balm for their dissatisfac
tion with the treaty.
The third great body of opinion in
England?labor?from the very first
expressed disapproval of the treaty. It,
too, has a constructive programme to!,
safeguard future peace, based uponI
neither the league as it stands nor an
alliance, but upon a proposal "to make '?
the present league of governments into
a true league of free peoples, uniting
within its organization all nations irre
spective of color, race or creed," with :
Germany, Austria and Russia included
now and all armaments scrapped.
in Pure Irish Linen
Tea Cloths and
Napkins with satin
36 ins. $5.50 each
45 in*. $8.10 "
54 in*. $10.80 "
NAPKINS TO MATCH
13 int. $9.75 per doz.
15 in?. $11.25 " "
IRISH LINCN MANUFACTUneRS
Spartaeide Leaders Arrested
After Martial Law Is Pro
elaimed by Government;
Order Is Being Restored
Disorders at Eisenach
Radicals Hold Parade and
Beat Offieials; Jaffe,
Former Minister, Taken
BERLIN, May 11 (By The Associated
Press).?Several thousand German gov?
ernment troops belonging to the forces
of Gustav Noske, Minister of Defence,
have occupied Leipsic. Several Spar?
taeide leaders there have been arrested.
The Spartacides were able to offer
only slight resistance. A state of siege
was immediately declared, and steps
were taken to restore the authority of
The Spartacides and Independent
Socialists are again active in central
Germany. At Eisena&h Saturday they
forced the Majority of the district and
the district director to march at the
head of the parade of the radicals.
carrying r ' --.ga. Afterward the of
rlcials v iaten by the crowd.
Noske v.;.. .ed to send government
troops to restore order and has agreed
to do so. The Thuringian Workmen's
Council at Lrfurt has threatened a
general strike if the troops come into
the district and if those now there are
A patron of the Ulm Hotel, who was
arrested here while trying to negotiate
1,000-mark bills bearing the charac
teristics of the money which was tem
porarily put out of circulation in
Bavaria because of the Soviet regime,
was found to be Dr. Jaffe. the Bavar
ian Soviet Minister of Finance, re
cently displaced with the other niinis
Camouflaged foods may de*
ceive the eye and even the
palate, but they cannot fool
The digestive organs soon
strip such foods of their
camouflage and judge them
for what they are.
And the sentence is usually
a few uncomfortable hours
for those who have been
At CHILDS there is no
masquerading of food in
deceptive sauces?it is not
Pure food, properly cooked,
stands on its own merits; it
is the only kind to be* found
Freah rhabarb. a barbiiMrer
of Sprinu that ererybody
welcome*. ia now on the
menu. Appotizioz at breaic
taat ? u fittjns finiah to
luncheon or aoppaor.
ters by the Hoffmann government. A
search of his trunks revealed 470,000
marks in 1,000-mark notes. The ex
minister was taken to Munich for trial.
American M. P. Killed in
France in Fight With Gang
NICE, France. May 12.?Two Ameri
can military policeroen were attackec
by a gang Sunday night, and one Amer?
ican, Herbert Larsen, was killed.
Five revolver shots were fired, threi
' strikmg Larsen. The aggressors es
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