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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER.
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
First to Last?the Truth
Vol. LXXIX No. 26,479
I Copyright, 19T9,
New York Tribune Inc.J
News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Probably showers to-day and to
with rising: temperature.
Fall Report on l'?ge 30
MAY 16, 1919
_?,?_5 In Greater New York ?and
TWO CENTS j Within commuting distance
Dirigible Lost in Storm, Found at Sea a Derelict^^
NC Planes Forced Back After Start for Azores;
German Envoys Can't Sign Treaty, Declares Rantzau
Terms Impossible of
Changed, He Tells
Clemenceau Asserts j
Clauses Are Better I
Than Foe Suggests
COUNT VON BROCKDORFF- j
RANTZAU, head of the Ger- !
man peace delegation, has advised ?
his colleagues that the peace
treaty in its present form cannot
be accepted and signed because ?
the terms cannot be fulfilled by
In a note of protest to the peace con- :
ference Count von Brockdorff- !
Rantzau says trade restrictions
under the economic terms of the :
treaty, if enforced, will mean that ?
millions of Germans will perish of
?Chancellor Scheidemann, through
the London newspaper "The Daily
Herald," has appealed to the Brit- ;
ish not to force the Germans to j
sign away their "birthright" and !
the "peace of Europe."
President Ebert of Germany, in a
statement in "Vorwaerts," reiter- ;
ates that the treaty terms must ?
be drastically and fundamentally :
changed and that the German
people must "be ready , to carry ;
out the hardest resolve."
In refusing to grant changes in the j
labor clauses of the treaty the ;
peace conference, through M.
Clemenceau, contends that the
provisions of the treaty are j
superior to those proposed by the
The Austrian treaty is expected to
be delivered to the Vienna delega?
tion Wednesday. The terms will
provide for the dismantling of the
Skoda and other Austrian arma?
ment plants and will prohibit con?
Ksgotiations continue among the
Jugo-Slavs, Italians and Allied
representatives for a compromise
of the Fiume controversy.
RantzauWon H Sign
tymtum Delegate Tells
Envoys Terms Must Be
Capable of Fulfilment
KJJ?BUNt May 15 (By The Associated
?)*""<totfflt von Brockdorff-Rantzau,
bead ?of the German peace delega?
te ?comrannlcating to tho other
of the delegation the text of
three notes he sent Premier
pr?sident of the peace
wtee, pointed ont that the peace
In its present form could not
?eeepted and could not ho signed
? *B?Q i* Vaa impossible to fulfil its
Dispatches from Versailles report
w? the Count'?, action add that he told
lis deleifatlon that it -would sign noth
?g It did not intend to fulfil. The
?legation, ho continued, would en?
deavor to improve the treaty and make
?? ?Igrninir possible. ?
of the note? which Count von
irockdorfr-Rantzau handed to M.
Clemenceau dealt with the economic
?*Pem of th?: peace terms and the
*?oet they will have on Germany. It
* pointed out m h?3 note to the Allies
?*t Germany i? no lonjrer an agrarian
?aV5,,*"?1 cannot feed more than 40,
The economic terms of tho peace
wt?ty. with their restrictions of trade
*iQ other factor? which are involved,
fig8?. "M BOtO nay?, that "many mill
m?i ? poop]? in Germany will perish,
iW.t* r'0ie/rJi<:kly as the nation's
H?c?? j '.? a,rfta'iy hroken by the
The not? point? out that Germany in
?!* ?????mi?ni has passed from an
?frenan to an industrial state. As
? ?grana?? ?t?te it could feed 40,000,
JW Portons, and a? an industrial coun
?ZwJ J?*? ,aJ>le u> Pr*>vide food for
VW'flw, the note declares. Before
**? ?*?, it is said, 15,000,000 Germans
J**? dependent for their living upon
?wt??n trade, ?hipping and foreign
?** ?ater?ais. *
To? nete proceeds to indicate in do
???now the peace conditions would
gofluc* aeonomie paralysis, destroy
??f'f industry and make it'impos
*?*? to ?trov?tie work and food for
Contimuid mi poye four
?atmtmbe.r VKVi h TKHCI?A. "~"
' *?m#Mt>?r VKNl'Jl fK.SVlMr-Aart.
Terms to Insist That Skoda
and Other Big Armament
Factories in the Dual
Monarchy Be Dismantled
PABIS, May IB (By The Associated
Press).?The Austrian peace terms
probably will be presented to the Aus?
trian delegation next Wednesday. The
terms, it is understood, require the
dismantling of the famous Skoda
works, among other armament plants.
The Skoda armament works are the
most famous in Austria, being to the
former dual monarchy what the Krupp
plant was to Germany. Factories are
located at Vienna and Prague. The
Skoda factory was noted for its pro?
duction of large calibre howitzers, and
theeo guns were said to have been
among the most effective used by the
Central Empires in the war.
The council of four this morning
discussed with its military advisers
the other military terms of the Aus?
trian treaty. It is understood these
are similar to those in the German
treaty, including the prohibition of
The failure of the Hungarian gov?
ernment to respond to tho invitation
to send delegates to France to Teceivc
peace terms and the general uncer?
tainty of Hungarian conditions prob?
ably will delay the Austrian peace ne?
gotiations, it developed to-day. The
problems relating to Austria and Hun?
gary overlap so greatly that tho Al?
lie* feel many phases of them must
be considered jointly.
No inspection of the credentials of
the Austrian delegation has been ar?
Professor Philip C. Brown, an attache
of the American embassy in Vienna,
who ha? been in Budapest recently, ar?
rived to-day from Hungary, bringing
unsatisfactory report? of the general
situation. Perplexity is admitted in
conference circle? a* to the actual con?
dition? in Hungary and ignoranco as to
whether the Beta Kun government is
growing weaker, or if its position is
Ready to Quit Parley
/GENEVA, May 15 (By The Asso
^^ ciated Press). ? The Rumanian
delegation may withdraw from the
peace conference. Advices from Paris,
made public by the Rumanian Bureau
at Berne, say that owing lo the de?
cision of the council of ten to divide
Banat between Serbia and Rumania,
Premier Bratiano and the Rumanian
delegation will quit Taris unless there
is a modification of the terms. These
are considered by the Rumanians to
13 Vassar Girls
Three Seriously Hurt by
Flying Glass When Re?
tort Bursts in Laboratory
POUGHKEEPSIE, May 15.?Thirteen
students at Vassar College were in?
jured, three seriously, when a retort
containing ether which was being
vaporized exploded in the physics
laboratory to-day. The worst injured
are Miss Margaret Hubbell, daughter
of George E. Hubbell of Garden City,
L. I.; Miss Lucy Hale of Martinex, Cal.,
and Miss Helen Hewitt of Granville,
N. Y. All three of the girls were
rushed to Vassar Brothers' Hospital,
where two specialists were called in
attendance. Flying glass entered the
eyes of the three and their sight is
endangered. The ten others who were
struck by the glass suffered skin
wounds only. They were attended by
the college physicians and nre all able
to attend classes, although they will
be obliged to wear bandages for a
Thirty-one girls were in tho physics
laboratory when tho experiment was
being made under tho direction of Miss
K. C. TBchrader, tho assistant physics
teacher. There was a loud report as
tho retort burst. Professor Frederick
W. Saunders, instructor in physics, who
waa in an adjacent room, heard the
report and hurried to the scene.
No telegrams were sent to the par?
ents of any of the students, with the
exception of the three more seriously
hurt. They were notified at once.
No explanation is given for the acci?
dent. It is thought that an imperfec?
tion in the gluss of the retort may
have caused the explosion,, although a
thorough test of the glass was made
curlier in the morning.
That Given as His Inter?
pretation of Reason for
Talk at St. Regis Ahont
Carson - Martin Measure
Senator George F. Thompson, as a
witness before the Senate Judiciary
Committee investigating the slush fund
charges, swore yesterday:
1. That former Governor Charles S.
Whitman had lobbied, in his opinion,
"in the full moaning of the term" in
behalf of the Carson-Martin increascd
2. That tho Fowler municipal own?
ership bill, introduced ut the last ses?
sion of ihe Legislature and drafted by
William L. Ransom, Whitman's law
partner, and by Travis H. Whitney,
who was appointed to tho Public Ser?
vice Commission by Whitman, con?
tained a joker which would have en?
abled the street railways of New York
City to charge a ten-cent fare.
3. That he began to suspect there
was "danger in tho situation" when
Richard II. Burke's alleged offer to
him of a $000,000 campaign fund was
followed up by the putative promise
of ex-Governor Whitman to back him
for Governor in 1920
Says Burke Meant It
This last was brought out by Sena?
tor Alvah W. Burlingame, chairman of
the committee, during his cross-exam?
ination of Thompson.
"Senator," nsked Burlingame, "did
you take. Burke seriously when he of?
fered the $500,000 slush fund in sup?
port of your candidacy for Governor?"
"Well, yes, he meant it," replied
Thompson. "Ho meant it, and I was
satisfied of that, but what I meant to
convey to you was that Burke had no
influence with me at all. There was no
danger that Burke could influence mo
or any other Senator. What I tried to
make clear was that Burke's offer, fol
Continued on page eighteen
FeTIT TRIANON INN
On ii. r. Motor Parkway
Lak? Konkoiikonia-N'OW Ol'KN.?Advi.
Won't Strike, I
Have Legal Right to Quit
on 5 Days' Notice, They
Point Out When Discuss?
ing Pending 3-Platoon Bill
Strongest Union in City!
Would Be Impossible to Put |
Inexperienced Men on j
Work; Hard to Fill Ranks !
What might happen to New York's
eleven billion dollars' worth of com?
bustible property in the event that :
fire protection suddenly was withdrawn
became a subject for serious consider?
Prospects that the pending three
platoon bill will not become a law be?
cause of the attitude of Governor
Smith and Mayor Hylan prompted fire?
men to call attention to what they call
gross unfairness to them and the pos?
sible result ?of a continued policy of
retrenchment as far as their pay and ,
working conditions are concerned.
Although the city's 3,656 firemen are |
organized to a man In what probably j
is the strongest union in the city, there
was no hint of a possible strike to
compel the city and state to sanction
the three-platoon system. But the men j
did point out that they had the right !
to resign on five days' notice, and that
such a move was the only action they
cpiirld 'take in the',,event that their
rights were ignored.
Won't Strike; May Quit
"A strike of firemen would be incon- !
ceivable," said one member of the de?
partment. "But the men can quit, and
I know they all are of a temper to fol?
low their leaders to the -ast step. They
showed that when 1,000 of them?all
that could get away for the purpose?
marched \\p Fifth Avenue on Labor ?
Still another consideration of which
the firemen's leaders are fully cogniz?
ant is the fact that the work of the
city's firemen is of a highly technical
character and could not be done by in?
experienced men'even in an emergency.
Three years is required to turn out a
firemen. The civil service rolls indi?
cate that the city is having difficulty
in finding anything like the requisite
number of candidates to take the
places of firemen automatically retired
Although members of the department
refused to permit their names to be
used they declared yesterday that they
had been "double crossed" by Mayor
They called attention to the fact
that the Uniformed Firemen's Associa?
tion which includes practically every
member of the department's rank and
file-- had supported an ordinance in?
troduced in the Board of Aldermen
more than a year ago, which provided
for a three-platoon system.
In the Mayor's Own Way
Mayor Hylan asked the men to have
the ordinance withdrawn until after
the war, sayirig he would then support
some measure to relieve their present
working conditions. But a secret con?
ference at the Mayor's office a month
ago revealed that Mr. Hylan was no
nearer reaching a decision in favor
of the firemen than before.
The Mayor's attitude, as described
by one of the men who took part in
the conference, was this:
"His Honor is willing the firemen
should have the three-platoon system
if it doesn't cost the city a cent. The
firemen are frank enough to admit that
you can't work the present force of
3,656 men in three shifts. But the
Mayor will not sanction any increase
in the city's expenditures by additions
to the force. The upshot was the
promise of the Mayor that he would
'handle the situation in his own way.'
Just what that way is nobody has been !
able to find out."
The three-platoon system is that
used by the Police Department and
means an eight-hour tour of duty.
Officers of the American Federation ]
of Labor have asked Governor Smith !
to sign the bill, as it would establish j
an eight-hour day for firemen. The j
firemen want it because it would give j
them more opportunity to get home.
They say that now a fireman may not j
be able to get home for ten days at !
The firemen estimate that the three-1
platoon system would require an addi?
tional 1,200 men and that tho cost I
would be approximately $1,650,000 a >
year. They argue that the city now is
"dangerously undermanned" and cite
statistics to prove it. It is shown by
figures that Buffalo has a total of 880
men to its 475,000 population, which
would mean that it had about two and
one-half times as many firefighters as
Now York, considering the population.
Boston, too, has an equally large num?
ber of firemen, as compared to New
New York's total of wealth is esti?
mated to be exactly twice that of the
entire New England States, and, be?
cause of its congestion, to require far
more fire protection than in sparsely
built up rural districts. The argument
that tho city has many fireprbof build?
ings is met by experts of the depart?
ment with contempt.
Proves Too Heavy
for Seaplanes and
Must Be Cut Down
Three Fliers Ready
to Start To-day if
TREPASSEY BAY, N. F., May 15.?
The evil fortune which has beset the
naval seaplane NC-4 since the start of
the transatlantic flight descended upon
her two sister ships, the NC-1 and
Fearing the NC-4 would not arrive
iere while favorable weather conditions
existed, Commander John H. Towers,
'admiral" of America's transatlantic
ur fleet, ordered the "One" and "Three"
to start on the long flight across the
scean to the Azores this evening.
Promptly at 4 o'clock, New York
time, the engines of the two big ships
were started. Four minutes later the
N'C-1 started down the bay at terrific
speed, and was quickly lost to view be
?ind the headlands which make the
.larbor. Eighteen minutes later she was !
followed by the NC-3, commanded by !
An hour and a half later the two !
ships were observed returning to their I
moorings, having failed to get off the |
water with the tremendous load of i
28,800 pounds with which they started. !
As they came taxying through the !
water the outline of tha NC-4 ap-]
peared just below the clouds which :
hung over the harbor.
NC-4 Gets Even Start
Circling over the NC-l and NC-3, j
Lieutenant Commander A. C. Read of |
the NC-4 manoeuvred to seek a clear
landing before descending upon the
waters of the bay. The timely arrival ;
of Commander Read's craft now en- \
ables the three machines to take off
together for the transatlantic flight as
soon as Commander Towers gives the
The NC-4 landed here at 6:37. Halt
fax time (5:37 New York time). Lieu?
tenant Commander Read hoped to have
his machine overhauled and ready to
fly with the other 'planes if they are
able to get away to-morrow.
The NC-1, commanded by Lieutenant
Commander P. N. L. Bellinger, taxied
off down the harbor at 5:01 p. m., Hali?
fax time (4:04 New York time), hoping
for a getaway. The NC-3, Commander
lohn H. Towers' flagship, followed
eighteen minutes later, to the accom?
paniment of great cheering from the
irews of the base flotilla and groups
of Newfoundlanders on shore.
A short timo later, liowever, both
reappeared. A second attempt to "hop
off" was not. made, however, and the
seaplanes returned to their mooring
The appearance of the NC-4, which
had been sighted shortly after the
NC-1 and NC-3 taxied down the har?
bor, was believed to have influenced
Commander Towers in his decision to
postpone the "hop off" so that all
three planes might start together.
Arrival of NC-4 Cheered
The NC-4 was apparently unharmed
by her flight from Halifax, but an ex?
amination will be made to-night to
determine whether any repairs are
necessary before the "big jump."
When she came into the harbor she
was greeted by cheers from the sail?
ors and natives who had gathered to
see the "One" and "Three" get away.
As soon as the NC-4 had been
moored, Commander Read went aboard
the Aroostook to report to Commander
The NC-4 left Halifax this morning
at 9:52. Halifax time (8:52 New York
time"), but was compelled to land thirty
minutes later at Storey Head for re?
pairs to the oil and gas lines. She
resumed the flight at 11:47. Her
actual flying time for the 460-mile trip
was 6 hours and 20 minutes, making
her average speed 72 6 mj?les an hour.
Early in the afternoon the two sea?
planes were brought from their moor?
ings and made fast to the stern of tho
mother ship Aroostook. Pines were
taken aboard from the d"stroyer ana
steam was passed thiough the oil
tanks of the two seaplanes, so that
their lubricating system would be thor?
oughly warmed up before the start was
While the two ships were being
towed over to the Aroos.ook, the MM
fouled a towing rope. Boats which
put off to her assistance found no
damage had been done.
"Bridge" of Ships Lacks Fuel
Commander Towers'? decision to com?
mence the flight across the Atlantic
to-day was governed by two factors?
the favorable weather condi:ions, and
the fact that the patrol vessels en the
Atlantic are running short of fun!. He
said if the NC-4 arrived in Trepassey
within twelve hours of the other two
ships start, she would be able to at?
tempt the flight also. Otherwise the
NC-4 flight would have to be aban?
doned owing to fuel shortage on the
New propellers were installed on the
Continued on next page
Creiv on Dirigible
Suffers From Hunger
A'cu) York Tribune
Special Cabla Serrice
?Copyright. 1919, N'cw York Tribuno Inc.)
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., May 15.?
Throughout the night, the six
men comprising the crew of the
naval dirigible C-5 navigated their
ship in the dense fog which envel?
oped Newfoundland while suffering
intensely from the pangs of hunger.
Their food supply had run out early,
and they first began to feel the
gripping pangs of hunger at mid?
night. A dense fog and heavy rain
added to their misery. Immediately
on arrival the crew was rushed to
the U. S. S. Chicago and served with
a hot meal.
Harrison Weds as
Wife Gets Divorce
Governor General and
Bride Off on Honey
moon After Obstacles
CHICAGO, May 15.?Divorce pro?
ceedings, a 'diphtheria quarantine, an?
gry college authorities and Chicago
nealth officials?all these obstacles had
to be overcome before Francis Burton
Harrison. Governor General of the
Philippines, and the University of
Washington co-ed, Miss Elizabeth
Wrentmore. could be married. But
true love will prevail, they said, and
Governor Harrison, forty-four years
aid, and Miss Wrentmore, just turned
aighteen years, were married here at
S o'clock this evening.
Divorce Just Granted
Obstacle number one was the divorce
proceedings that Governor Harrison's
wife, Mrs. Mabel Judson Harrison, was
instituting in the Sirperior Court at
San Diego, Cal. He. took a long chance
when he set the wedding for this eve?
ning, because until late this afternoon
no word had been received from San
Diego. But a dispateh from there at
last announced that the decree was
signed at noon.
Obstacle number two was a quaran?
tine for diphtheria at the University
3f Washington, where Miss Wrentmore
was studying. But that was a small
matter when love called. She packed
a small valise and took a train last I
week for Chicago. I
Up jumped the college authorities in i
the form of obstacle No. 3. They very !
unromantically telegraphed to the ?
lealth authorities in Chicago: "Watch
out for Miss Elizabeth Wrentmore; ?
she has broken a diphtheria quaran
Authorities Overtake Her
The Chicago health officials met Miss
Wrentmore at the train- and she broke
iown and cried, because it was the
Governor she wanted to meet.
But it's all right now. They took
throat cultures of Miss Wrentmore at
the City Hall for two days. And on
the slides there wasn't a single diph?
theria germ. So she was given a clean
bill of health.
Gov. Harrison and his bride will go
to Washington to visit his mother, Mrs.
Constance Cary Harrison, writer and
poet. Then the couple will go to New
England for a motor honeymoon.
OAKLAND, Cal., May 15.?Misa Eliza?
beth Wrentmore, whose wedding to
Francis ?Burton Harrison, Goiernor
General of the Philippines, took place
lo-day in Chicago, is the daughter of
Professor and Mrs. Clarence K. Wrent?
more. Her father is dean of the Col
.ege of Manila.
At the time it was announced in Now
i'ork that Governor Harrison and Miss
Wrentmore were to be married Mrs.
Wrentmore asserted that she would not
permit the wedding, saying that her ob?
jection to Harrison was the difference
in the ages.
Miss Wrentmore said she was of age
and that the wedding would take place.
It is understood that Mrs. Wrentmore
has returned to Manila.
Berger to Fight for
Seat From Prison
Convicted Socialist Says
He Will at Least IS ame
Successor in Congress
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, May 16. Victor L.
Berger, Socialist leader, convicted un?
der the Espionage act, declared to-day
that he would make the "best fight of
his life" for his Feat in Congress.
Should he be unseated by the present
Congress, Mr. Berger stated that h?
would be a candidate in the special
election to name his successor, and pre?
dicted he would double his majority.
Asked if he would be a candidate if
he lost his appeal and was sent to
prison, Mr. Berger said he would run
from prison if necessary. He pointed
out that Georges Clemenceau, the
French premier, made a winning fight
at one time while he was in prison.
Most of the Sinn Feincrs elocte?! to
the Sinn Fein Parliament, he added,
were elected while serving prison sen?
"What is a crime to-day," said Mr.
Berger, may be the fashion to-mor?
He will make public to-morrow a
comprehensive statement regarding the
charges on which he was convicted un?
der tho Espionage Act, together with
his claims for his seat in Congrss.
I Navy Airship Torn
From Moorings at
St. John's After It
Officers Mourn Loss
of Chance to Make
Flight to Europe
New York Tribun*
Special Cable Servie?
(Copyright, 1919. New Turk Tribune Inc.)
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., -May ,15.?The
j missing C-5, the American dirigible
? balloon that, was blown out to sea late
! to-day in a storm shortly after the
completion of a 1,300-mile record non?
stop flight from Montauk, Long Isl
! and, was found at 10:30 o'clock
to-night by an unidentified British
; steamship floating in the water eighty
miles due east of St. John's.
The United States destroyer Ed?
wards, which has been searching for
i the dirigible, is proceeding (o the
steamship and will bring back the ma?
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., May 15. Disaster
! overtook the big American dirigible
airship C-5 in the moment, of its
' triumph this afternoon. A sudden gust
I from the treacherous west wind that
i had been steadily increasing in velocity
I ever since the "blimp" completed its
j flight from Montauk I'oint. L. I., tore
the giant gas bag bodily from its moor
! ings and blew it far out to s?:>a. The
disaster occurred just as the C-5 had
j broken all woiid records for "blimp"
airships by a non-stop flight of 1,300
Even the combined efforts of 300
sturdy American sailors hanging on
to the drop ropes failed to hold the
big ship, and she drifted to sea with
a speed that equalled her best con?
The destroyer Edwards, which was
! sent out immediately, is steaming full
speed through the stormy seas in
search of the airship, with orders to
? bring it down by anti-aircraft gunfire
\ immediately it is sighted. No <<ne is
| aboard the airship.
The disaster occurred while a special
! crew of mechanics was preparing the
airship for its projected flight across
: the Atlantic. Lieutenant Charles G.
Little, who took charge of the dirigible
i immediately after its arrival, was in
the cockpit when the ship was torn
from its moorings.
Rip Cord Fails to Act
Lieutenant Little pulled the rip cord,
which is designed to tear open the gas
compartments and da^ata the big bal?
loon. The cord oroke in his band.
Then as the ship shot upward he
sprang to the top of the cockpit and
\ leaped to the ground.
Two mechan ?es, Boyne and Lynch.
? who had been in the nacelle with Lieu
; tenant Little, jumped before the air
,' ship broke adrift, and landed unin?
The airship had been making heavy
! weather throughout the afternoon,
straining severely at her moorings un?
der the continuous lashing of ths
growing wind. Several times the offi?
cers working on her considered the
advisability of placing her crew aboard,
? cutting her loose and letting her as:
j cend above the zone of the heavy wind,
'? where she could have ridden the storm
in safety. It was through unwilling?
ness to arouse the weary resol
from their much needed rest that this
j plan was not adopted.
Gale Buffets Craft
At 5:15 o'clock the wind suddenly
shifted and became, much strong? r.
The heavy gusts striking the huge
: area of the balloon dashed the tier
? and its motors to the ground, whilo
every lull in the storm enabled the
balloon to raise the car again.
The men straining on the ropes were
all thrown to the ground as the air?
ship was torn out of their grcp, but
j none was injured. Even Lieutenant
Little escaped from his desperate Jump
with a slightly sprained ankle.
The ship had risen scarcely a hun?
dred feet when word was flashed tc
the station ship, U. S. S. Chicago. Or
ders were given to the destroyer Ed
; wards, which had just arrived at thi:
port, and ten lighter than air nviatio?
! experts were sent aboard. The do
j stroyer started out immediately unde
j forced draft to follow the airship an
j bring it down. When last reported th
balloon was being blown in n north