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ItftlBUNE IS GUARANTEED
^?TlXXIX No. 20,612
ICopyrlirlit. 181?. v
K?W York Tribune Iiu\l>
the Truth: Afoii??
Editorials Advertise ment s
Fair to-day and tomorrow, fooler to-(
day; moderate northwest wind-.
Full Report nn Vnar 1?
* * *
< In l.rfHlrr *Vf
?_.__ "? ?n or?ati?r ,>etv Yink ?fid
TWO "CERTS , willi/n .-oriimuiing dlatance
niiiiF ? i\ ?
Hen Tiring of Strike Slowly Return to Steel Mills;
Fitzpatrick Offers Arbitration, Gary Rejects It
f ikon Stand
On Article X
liild Objectors Demand
Acceptance of Reserva?
tion He Assailed in Salt
jjake or Part Is Beaten
His Tour To-night
Pledges Both Factions lo
4 Days* Notice Before
Voteon His Amendment
By ( !aAet Field
-., ., York Tribune
" oshinaton Hv? ? au
fjISHINGTON, ? ipt. 25, Xotk-e
nj served or President Wilson to-day
the "mild reser\ tionjsts" that the
fice trea'a ? defeated unless
jirvation to Article X, virtually
Mjarr." a the draft the President de?
bate speech at Sail Lake
tTuesday ? ?'???. were adopted.
J!n ?ota i? fr ira Senator Leu
urt, o? Wisconsin, '?ne of the "mild i
?uajTHtio'?- ' ollowing all-day con
nsce-i v; ' itho: :nembers of 1 he
III -. i r - ' onists virtuallj tooVi
;l?*js o*" ti e situation in another
m, iv'' the result that Senator
?run W. Johnson will depart, lo-mor
n Bight i - - in ! ranc isco a ith : he
Hinncc that hit amei dir nt i ov *'.a;
:o: be broughl up until all other
peadm? i dispo ' ?i of, und : hal
lohi at least four
;??:' nol ?? ' vote on it.
::jwil! pive him ample time to come
?i to Wadhingtcm in time to speak
This ist 'J ranee from Hie "niiid reser
l?or.isi-,"' followed their challenge of
itteriii; to ?? tiat thej would
M permit the Johnson amendment to
?? brought up. n ' v ould vote ??? itli th
?ethocvats agaa * taking i up.
Both Sides Promise
.'??'.*. John soi ed tho
iromije to-da; ron tht ' mild reser
tiionists" that thej would wail foi
I retufo bel otin?, on the amend
.:, bul ' - lar promises from
?tor :? .. on tl ?.: kdminist i?>.
?Son side, and from the Republican ma
?fity leadei -
?maiden Wil ? ? putthi mild
l*Mttva ma ; on where
iis thoue! ? ? ? ;1! be forced to
.w for much tronger res< r at ions
I* the quest United
itstes troc:. ? they had
-Kited ?:. few days
bit first t came when
ntor !';? ; ?- ?
the Pre ic ? oi-g< ?and
jtonceau, Canada that
!'-Mng in . - ild pre
ber or, itbei British dominions
Wg in the gue of nation: coun
?? TMs would giv? a ? British Em
? two or ' vote: the league
'"M? to ? ? ? n addition
fax or eight n the leagu? a semblj
'it ??? ..al the
test ..?? his ial? Lake
M^h would ? h? ai * ?"it of
"; Covenan - mor? di ?con
ig to fr.? m ? first placej I he
?Jihad b; tl - d rat i the t? xt
'.".ich virtua en enl had been
?ed bot-?- - i ?? "?- ild reserva
?w* and S? nal >r Lodge, r? pr< ent
Shock to Semi- allies
n, what co dered more im
'??nt, the Pn . ? tement that
Ituervati? - es to ? s au me an
Wion foi ?ir? ferring to
?Mhe quest on ?? ' ongress at that
M? a shock li . hei a Tins reserva
Mi a mati ? fact, is intended
y*r-e Into li ccptance of tht
K? the wry inter?, retalion .Mr. Wil
1 Put on Articl S v. hen he was
iSior.ed by the foreign Relations
"puttee al I , \\ ?? House.
"* Preside . ... one of the
J ?riis of th. uma," declared
-?or Lenroot. uher the United
?M's a fn i agent or it is not. If
T*"*e ?8 ?? ? . ? ?aervation could
?Harm.. .1; it is not, tho President,
,u not say intent onally ha,, been
ytttag the effect of this covenant
.?les*, a i ... on substantially
?*ne a? this o ? the President haa
?^.n?<l : opted, this peace
bin not ?01nt; to be ratified hy this
?^ Ler.rou- ,; dared that if the
?l**?teE en , the league wiih
y ?serva*.?o:: such as the Presideni
v?ou'.d cut out the heart of the
ten,?' :l Would be solemnly bound
ti ?m 0ops l0 preserve the territb
'?egnty 0f any member of the
?* M k na:> threateI-ed* ?r else
(y*1<* he in ?.ha same position of
B-*t* our treaties and regarding
to?*.,? icnips ?l ''"per as was Ger?
eift the case of Belgium.
^?ot Demands Reservation
?-?ff* lj"-"-c? to-night that Mr.
C,^? h?S statement after eon
tKii Se??tors McNary, McCura
iffij*' N"lson, Hale "and Colt.
l?bsd ??,nt? Salt Lake *?*('^ has
?Utoth ? tho?e Senators profound
C ineir own interpretation of the
?Want 0Venaf't as it stands. The
?her n\ln t]}ut ?P?ech, on'e of their
?tedth. ,Ued out anight, virtually
4at !8ame construction of Article
'^. Ud .n"t?ority RepubHcanti, led
**air?.j ', ve been asserting, as
?*W.*Plh lhe ^"?denf. etitc
f,?hicM ? e,?n Rtlatiori8 Commit
?<~^^J?_eave tne same construction
ginned on pqge five
U. S. to Convert Ten Billion
War Debt of Allies Into Bonds
WASHINGTON, Sept. 25.?Negotiations will be put under way
soon for funding the Allies' obligations to the United States into
long term securities. Nearly $10,000,000,000 in war credits have
1>een advanced to the Allies on short term notes. Interest charge
on the outstanding notes will be taken care of in the details of the
funding agreement yet to bo worked out.
Great. Britain is the largest, debtor to this government, owing
about $4,000.000.000. France and Italy owe most of the remainder.
international bankers said yesterday that deferring the interest,
due this country on loans to foreign governments which approximate
,*;>.700.000,000 was an important step toward improving the world
It will mean thai the Allies will be relieved for some time of
flu* necessity of finding about $42,000,000 a month, or more than
$500,000,000 a year m dollar exchange.
The news from Washington was followed by a sharp ri.se in ex?
change rates on London and Paris, which soared to the highest, levels
quoted in several weeks. Sterling cables went to $4.221/4, compared
with St.19 the preceding day and a recent low record level of .$-1.12.
Or Reject It,'
Presiden! Declares lime I
fins Come Whoii Nation
Must Decide Whether j
It Will Bark Principles!
PUEBLO. Col., Sept. 25.?Reducing!
his i ght for the peace treaty to a di- ;
: rect issue of acceptance or rejection, i
President Wilson to-day invited the i
Senate to take a definite and unmistak
able stand one way or the other.
After declaring it would be his duty i
as Chief Executive to judge whether'
the Senate's action constituted accept- .
arice or rejection, .should reservations
be incorporated in the ratification, the
President added a warning that he did
not consider 'Qualified adoption" as ?
adept ion in fact, Ho said, however, i
that he saw no objection to mere in?
"Hyphen" Propaganda Charged
The President repeated his, charge
that an "unorganized propaganda'' was
opposing the treaty and that it pro?
ceeded from "hyphens," saying:
"Any mr.n who carries a hyphen I
about him carries a dagger which he
ready to plunge into the vitals of
tin Republic. If I ran eatch a man
with a hyphen in this great contest
I will know that / hove caught an
enemy of the Republic."
?The President today wired Senator
Ashurst, of Arizona, in response, to a
telegram from the Senator, stating that
lie would vote for the peace treaty
without reservations. The President's
message fairlj expresses his satisfac?
tion and that of bis advise.n% on his
special rain over the decision of the
"it ia the beginning ol the end of
the instifrrection among the Democratic
Senators. They will all-come over
with the exception o? Senator Reed,"
laid one uf the President's associates.
tn two addresses in Colorado Mr.
Wilson reiterated again and ag?.in that
the whole controversy had resolved it
I self into a clear-cut question whether
| the United States should go into the
league of nations or ?"lay out. It was
| time, he said, that the nation knew
where it wa.? to stand.
Meanwhile Whit" House ofllcials in
the Presidential party permitted it to
become known that the proposed reser?
vation whicli the President quoted at
.--alt Pake City and Cheyenne, and
| which he announced he would regard
! as a rejection of the treaty, was une
i he had been informed was agreed on
l by several Republican Senate leaders.
Speaks Twice in Denver
The President's first speech of the
! day was at a morning meeting in Den
: ver, and later he addressed a crowd
! which filled the Municipal Hall here.
! Cheers many times interrupted his
; declarations at. the two meetings, and
in both cities a constant din of cheer
' ing greeted hini as he passed through
The President was introduced at the
meeting here by A!vu Adams, former
j Governor of Colorado, who eulogized
j Mr. Wilson as a "Twentieth Century
: Paul" nr.d the "greatest prophet of
Reviewing the treaty provisions, the
j President stressed the self-determina
I tion and labor features, asserting that
i if the treaty failed there would be no
I great international tribunal before
I which labor could bring its requests
; for better conditions./
"What we want to flo with the srfeat
labor questions," he'said, "is to lift
i thern into the light."
League Essential to Peace
Going on? to the league of nations
covenant, Mr. Wilson declared it was
necessary for carrying out the peace
terms. For the same reason, he as?
serted, the covenant would be incorpo?
rated in the treaties with Austria, Hun?
gary, Bulgaria and Turkey, now under
negotiation at Versailles.
Referring to objections that the
United States might be at a disad?
vantage in the league, Mr. Wilson said
? whoever said that "either was falsify?
'. ing or he hadn't read the covenant."
j He added that there was no validity
' in the argument that the British En
1 pire could outvote the other nations,
because the empire's six votes are in
' the assembly, which is only the "talk
' ing body" of the league. The real
power of action, he said, was in the
I 'Continued on page fix>e
Word to U. S.
Document INot ax Perfect ax
Wilson Desired, Depu?
ties Are Told, bul He?
Refuses to Criticise It
, PARIS, Sept. 20.--Speaking in the
Chamber of Deputies to-day on tho i
German peace treaty, Premier Clemen- !
ceau said that if he had any word to ;
send the United States Senate it would !
be that it hurry the ratification of the j
Alluding to the entry of the United
States into the war the Premier said ?
that France might, count upon Amer?
ica in time of peace as well as in war.
Replying to criticisms ol the treaty, i
M. Clemenceau said the league of na- ;
tions was nol as perfect as President
Wilson would have desired, but that .
he (Clemenceau*) had no criticisms to
Tf Germany had not declared war. ,
the Premier asserted in the course of '
i his remarks, sh?.- would have German- ,
] ized the whole world. The Socialists
in the Chamber, where there was a full
I attendance of the Deputies, protested
?violently at this assertion.
The Premier read documents, show
i ing that Great Britain came montan- j
eously to the help of France without,
being bound by any military accord. I
! He also eulogized the American army.'
The war, he said, could not have been
won w ithout it ->. aid,
Dawn of New Era
M. Clemenceau admitted tl?>if the
treaty contained "?any imperfections, '
but said ii was the culmination of ih?
work of "the coalition of liberation,"
the first of its sort in the history of '
the world, a- the treaty was the dawn
of a new era. He recalled the dark I
days of 1917, and declared to the op?
ponent; of the treaty that if a peace;
proposa! had been received then, re?
turning Alsace and Lorraine to France, j
no Frenchmen would have demanded
j the insertion of any other clause, hut. ?
would have accepted it.
The treaty brought back more than
the lost provinces. It placed France on
the highest pinnacle of ?"am?' and honor, ;
i and it in a few years would bring!
Those who had spoken in the debate,.
the Premier said, had criticised the
details of the treaty, which must bel
considered accepted or rejected as a
whole, whether the instrument, was
helpful or harmful to France. The
treaty was "the ensemble of possibili?
ties," which was worth what the fut?
ure ruling classes of Franco would
make it bj their labor.
Premier Speaks Two Hours
The Premier remained on the Tribune
? for more than two hours. He passed i
| lightly over the criticism that the
? French language is not the official Ian- j
guage of the treaty, saying:
"It is not my fault it' the English*
j language is spoken by nearly two
? thirds of the civilized world."
The debate bids fair to run well into !
i next month, unless the government
I forces a vote or asks the Chamber to j
! cancel the privileges of those v^-ho \
! have expressed their intention o?
speaking. This the Premier seems dis
inclined to do, _
Premier Clemenceau has definitely
j announced his intention to retire from ?
public life after the coming elections, j
according to a statement in an inter- :
view given by the Premier to Senator :
Monsservin a' few? days ago and pub- j
< lished in "L'Eclair" this morning.
"After the elections," said M. C?e- j
; monceau, "I will retire with the great i
'. reward that comes from the satisfac- ?
: tion of having done one's duty and j
with the friendship of my dear poilus, ,
j of whom I shall think always."
| U. S. Likely To Get
2 ISew Cardinals ?
Announcement of the appointment of ?
I two and perhaps three new American |
i cardinals is expected after the next|
One of the appointments, it is be
I lieved, will go to Chicago, which would i
mean the elevation of the Most Rev. ?
j George W. Mundelein, the present Arch?
I The Most Rev. Edward J. Hanna,
j Archbishop of San Francisco, is also i
: expected to be named. He was yester
day appointed senior member of the i
; new National'Catholic Welfare Coun-!
j cil, at the session of the hierarchy in
At present America has only two I
j seats in the Sacred College, those of ]
i Cardinal Gibbons, of Baltimore, and
? Cardinal O'Connell, of Boston. Arch
1 bishop Farley, of New York, was given
the red hat at the same time that,
Cardinal 0'Conn.ell was ?leratod
' _ !
Wilson Reported to Have
Blockade Unless Grip
on Fiume Is Abandoned j
Abdication of King
Emmanuel Hinted |
R?siliation of Tittoni Is j
Ready to Fight Invaders
PARIS, Sent 25 (By The Associated '
Press?. President Wilson has threat-:
ened an economic boycott against Italy
if Italy persists in holding Fiume with?
out an agreement having been reached
among the powers, according to reports i
in Italian circles here. The reports
stated that the proposition of neutraliz- !
ing Fiume and internationalizing the
docks and railways uns put up to Mr. ?
Wilson, and his reply, it was said, had i
Another rumor in Paris to-day was
that the abdication of King Victor j
Emmanuel was possible. There were >
other reports of the resignation of For- !
eign Minister Tittoni and of the de-i
cisi?n of Italy formally to annex Finnic.
A Rome dispatch, dated Wednesday, !
quoted the "Epoca" as stating that I
Serbian regulars ami Jugo-Slav .olun-j
teers have taken up positions domi- j
nating Monte Nev?se, about twenty ;
miles north of Fiume. and are guard?
ing the Regina Hasin and the San .
The same dispatch saya the Palian
commander at Fiume has taken the
military precautions made necessary by
American marines landed from a
torpedo boat destroyer to compel the
Italians to nvacatc Trau, Dainiatia, ac?
cording to a dispatch received here
by way of Copenhagen from Spalato,
a short distance east of Tran. .
The dispatch adds that the Italians
left after the inhabitants (?red on them
and that Jugo-Sla*. troops took over
the town from the Americans.
Populace Fire on Italy
The dispatch, which is dated Septcm- !
ber '2">, says that a Jugo-Slav detach?
ment began an advance towards Trau
when the American destroyer entered
the harbor to compel the retirement of
the Italians. The inhabitant,' of Trau
then opened fire on ;l"' Italians, who
The Palian commander and three
men in an arm?.red car fell into tho
hands of the Slavs. In the mean time
200 American marines, with machine
g'tns, landed and took over the armored
car and the prisoners, who subsequently
were transferred to an Italian ship.
Then the Serbian troops arrived and
were enthusiastically welcomed. The ?
Americans handed over the town to the
Jugo-Slav troops ami re?mbarked. The
destroyer will remain in the harbor for i
n few days.
A Jugo-Slav communique received
here ?ay*? Gabriele d'Annunzio's troops
have arrested numerous Jugo Slavs in
Fiume and have pillaged a -luge-Slav
printing shop there. Thousands of
refugees from Fiume and Susak, it
adds, are arriving in Zagreb (Agram)
and other Croatian towns?asking the
Jugo-Slav government to intervene and
protect the interests of the Jugo-Slavs.
ROME, Sept. 25.?The Crown Council
held two sessions to-day to take up
the situation that has arisen as a re?
sult of the seizure by Gabriele d'An
nunzio of Fiume. If any decision was
reached as to what the government in?
tends to do in the premises, no an?
nouncement was made.
Crown Council Sits All Day
The day session sat until luncheon
time and adjourned until 4 o'clock,
when the other sitting continued until
7 o'clock this evening. Baron Sonnino,
former Foreign Minister, and isignor
Turrati, leader of the Intransigeant So?
cialists, were not present. In a letter
to Premier Nitti, Signor "Turrati e:c
plained that the traditions of the So?
cialist group precluded his attendance
upon the Crown Council.
The detachment of Italian officers
anil soldiers which crossed the "line of
demarcation near Trau (Trogir.) and
penetrated the town, after disarming a
oinall Serbian outpost, has retired to
the Italian area, according to the "Mes
saggero's" correspondent in Trieste. The
Italians withdrew, it was added, on the
advice of Italian superior officers.
TRIESTE, Sept. '25 (By The Associ?
ate! Prassi.--Gabriele d'Annunzio is
preparing to make his position in Fiume
strategically stronger by extending his
guards beyond the town to the high
land surrounding it, according to in?
formation brought from Fiume by per?
sons who have been privileged to pass
in and out of the town. This will in?
clude the occupation of Sussak, the
hills of which overlook Fiume.
The occupation of Sussak would be
necessary to control the bridgehead
leading out from Fiume southward and
the occupation of the high lands would
be necessary to resist any Serbian
Jugo-Slav action which might be un?
Guard of City Tightened
Ihe lines of d'Annunzio's expedition?
ary forces were made more secure to?
day, and more rigid regulations re
specting entrance into and exit front
the port and town are being enforced,
all traffic along the roads surrounding
Fiume being closely scrutinized by the
Some commotion was caused in
! Trieste by the appearance of four
i American destroyers outside the har
, bor, but it was soon learned that their
; presence had no connection with the
! Fiume episode. The destroyers came
: here only to procure supplies, after
? wjjich they will relieve other Ameri?
can ?hip? stationed in th* Adriatiiv
Steel Head j
Takes Position Against
to Revolutionary Feat?
ures of th?' Strike"
Union Leader Is
Tells Members Men Will
Go Back if Wilson
Will Name Arbiters
F.lbcrt II. Gary, chairman of the
board of directors of the United States
Steel Corporation, indicated last night
thai the employers in the strike would
turn down John ffitzpatrick's tentative
offer of compromise and arbitration,
miuii* before the Sonate investigating;
committee yesterday, because of
"moral principio.:?'' involved.
He assorted that certain questions
at stake _ could not be arbitrated
or compromised, and charged that, the
strike was being led by an avowed
revolutionist. If it were won by the
employes, he said, disaster might
threaten the entire nation. Mr. Gary
last night abandoned his customary
attitude of optimism and asserted that
the nation was passing througlit a most
critical and dangerous era,
.Mr. Gary was at. the dinner given in
honor of Haron Kondo at the Ritz-Carl
ton last night when reporters sent him
tho following written question:
"An Associated 1'ress bullutin says
that John Fitzpatrick, leader of the
strikers, has informed the Senate Com?
mittee that twenty-four unions are
willing to submit nl! issues in the
strike to arbitration, tho arbitrators
to be selected by President Wilson.
Fitzpatrick says that this would end
Moral Principle Involved
To this Mr. Gary wrote the follow
"The board of directors of the United
States Stool Corporation are the rep?
resentatives of nearly UiO.UOO stock?
holders, including from iSO.000 to 70,000
employes. We. are their servants and
aro selected to represent and protect
their interests, and also the interests
or" ;?U our 250,000 employes, tlip major
I ity of whom, I think, are not member.-*,
of labor unions.
"Moreover.' I believe 'hat our eorpo
ration is under a great obligation to
I th?* general public concerning the
j issues involved in the pending strike.
In these circumstances 1 would not.
: at present assume to answer the que1:.
Ition propounded to me.
"However. I will say for myself that
questions of moral principle cannot be
arbitrated or compromised, and in my
opinion sujfh questions are included in
I the present, unfortunate struggle.
"I also think we cannot negotiate or
I confer with Mr. Fitzpatrick and Ins
associates as union labor leader* con?
cerning our employes, whom these
| gentlemen have volunteered to repre?
(?nests Cheer Judge Gary
The guests attending tho dinnci
| stoo.-l up. waved their napkin.- and
cheered when Lewi's I?. Clarke, toast
1 master, introduced Mr. Gary later in
the evening. Th?' steel man began his
! address by saying:
? "My mind is somewhat perturbed
; this evening by an incident that, oc
| eurreri during tho dinner hour. The
I representatives of the great New York
! papers sent me a question. ? will
? read it."
? He then read the message quoted
above and remarked when he had com
; pleted it:
"To have refused making an answer
j immediately might, have been misin?
terpreted, so 1 decided to make an im
i mediate answer. I said-n
He then read his reply to the news
? paper men, quoted above. When he
came to the paragraph dealing with
the issues at stake, the diners rose
again and cheered him.
Sees Danger of Upheaval
"You, as part of the general public.
? must condemn or approve what 1 felt
called upon to say," Mr. Gary said
j when he had finished reading.
There were shouts of "We approve!''
i and "Good for you!" which he ac?
knowledged by bowing, and continued:
"I can only say that you know the
! issues involved- know full well that ii
the strike succeeded it might and prob
ubly would be the beginning of an up
| heaval which might bring on all of us
| grave and serious consequences, ami
j you know the questions involved in
' this strike, led by Foster, the acknowl
; edged revolutionist, are higher thai
: the interests of the United States Steei
"We do not know what is in ironl
! of us. I am not an alarmist. I air
l an optimist. Certainly I have the gooc
' sense to speak optimistically on a pes?
simistic subject, but I want to say that
this is a very serious period in oui
If Danger, Must Me?t It
"1 hop?.: it is not a critical period
I I hope these statements with refer?
ence to the distribution of propagands
and the conversion of a large majority
of the people of this country to th?
doctrines of anarchy and Bolshevisn
have been greatly exaggerated, but
there is such a propaganda and that
there are men spreading I. W. W. anc
other doctrines with funds direct fron
Russia, we do know.
"Whether there is danger from thi
i propaganda; whether it is possible t
Continued on page three
Foster's Doctrine of Syndicalism
Amoity the maxims sei forth by William Z. Fostet in his Red /look
"The wages system must be abolished."
"The thieves at present in control of the industrie.- must ho.
stripped of their booty, and society so reorganized that; every indi?
vidual shall have free access to the social means of production.
This social organization will be a revolution."'
"Only after such a revolution will the great inequalities of
modern society disappear."
"The syndicalist sees in the state only an instrument of op?
"The workers in each industry shall manage the affairs of
their particular industry; the miners shall manage the mines; the
railroaders manage the railroads, and so on through all the lines
of human activity."
"Capitalism is organized robbery.''
"Capitalists have no more right to the wealth they have
amassed than a burglar has to his loot."
"The so-called legal and inalienable rights of man are. but
pretences with which to deceive, vvorkingmen."
"In modern society, as in all ages, might is right,"
"The end justifies the means."
Foster First Revolutionist
To Lead A. F. of L. Forces
Chief of Steel Strikers!
Reveals His Plan to
Overthrow Industries in
Book "Syndicalism' '
? Special Correapovdenct
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 25. William Z.
j Foster, secretary-treasurer of the Na
! tional Committee for Organizing Iron
and Steel Workers and the directing
genius of the steel strike, i-s a revo?
lutionist of the L?nine type. Proof of
this is available in his Red book en
; titled "Syndicalism," in which he do
tails plans and theories for a social
revolution in the United States. This
is the first lime that a self-defined
i revolutionist has been intrusted by the
; American Federation of Labor with the
I conduct of a great labor conflict. Ac?
cording to Foster's own statements he
(entered the American Federation with
j the purpose of capturing that organ?
ization for his revolutionary purposes.
He labored diligently and incessantly
to achieve his present position.
Summary of Teachings
Of Foster'? "Syndicalism"
The teachings of his book "Syndical?
ism" can be summarized thus:
"The present, so-called capitalist sys?
tem must be destroyed.
"The way lo accomplish it is to or
ganizc the working people into groat
syndicalist organizations- revolution?
ary labor unions.
"The political state as at present con
stituted must bo blown up. wrecked
and cast aside.
"The way to accomplish this is by
direct action--the general strike.
"Labor must not ?t^p to choose its
weanons in its struggle against the.
great industrial organization of to-day
in', the -'t?te a- a whole. AU con
side*"?tioi's of et?lica and morality must
be discarded as so much dead wood, as
?a. ii'iuii'j Letters OiocKin?; tabor': liberty
"Preparations must be made to ob?
tain control of the armed forces of
i society. This can best be done by
? propaganda, but the workers must be
! ready to resist the capitalist class and
I the state by force if necessary. Sabo
I tage must be employed both against
? the capitalist class in the industries
! and the slate outside.
"labor must cut loo*e not only from
conservative trade union methods, but
also from the Socialist party. It must
pay no attention to political action
The ballot is only a scrap of paper
The strike, and, above all, the genera
strike, is the sword if must learn tc
wield. By the application of the gen
eral strike capitalism and the state car
be destroyed at one stroke and tin
new society of autonomous syndicalist
Destruction, Not Healing.
Is Foster'? Purpose
Foster comes not to heal but to de
! stroy. lie does not conceal his swort
I beneath his cloak. He carries it cor.
spicuously dangling at his side. Foi
in "Syndicalism" he says:
'The wages system of robbery h
responsible for the great extremes o;
poverty and wealth to be found ir
modern society. It has existed evei
since the very beginning of industrial
ism and its effects grow worse daily
Every invention of a labor-saving de
vice, by increasing the army or ur
employed and making the competitioi
for jobs keener, enaLles the owner:
of the industries to more thorough!?
e\ploit their slaves. Thus See wagi
system has the effect of making inven
tioiis of labor-saving devices curse- ti
the bulk of society instead of bless
ings, us they should be."
And thus does Foster pronounce th
| doom of the society he is denouncing
"The wages system is the most bra-ei
I and gigantic robbery ever perpetrate.
j since the world begai.. So disastrou
. are its consequences ou the vast an.iie
j of slaves, within its toilo thai it i
threatening the very e:<istence of so
ciety. If society is ever, lo be per
petuated -to say nothing of being or
ganized upon an equitable basis ?th
wages system must be abolished. Th
thieves at present in control of the in
dustries must, be stripped of thei
I booty and society so reorganized tha
every individual shall have free acc?s
I to the social means of productior
I This social reorganization will be
revolution. Only after such a revolt
tion will the great inequalities of moc
i ern society disappear."
I And then carefully, in detail, Foste
continue? th? diagnosis He bold!
William 4^ Foster
proclaims the gospel of class war. To |
him society is divided into two mutu?
ally opposed classes, whose interests
are irreconcilable, and '.ho struggle be?
tween them must go on until one or
the other is crushed.
"For years the progressive workers!
have realized the necessity for this
revolution. They have also realized
that it must be ??rough?, about by the
workers them selves.
"The ware- system has divided the
immense bulk 0f societ> (he capitalist
class and the working <la-"? The in?
terests of these two classes are radi
call} opposed to each other. It is the
interest of th,?* capitalist class to rob
M?e workers of as much of their prod?
uct as possible, and the interest of the
workers to prevent ?hi< robbery as far
as they can. A guerjlla warfare, kn >wn
as the eia.-s struggle, and evidenced by
the many strikes, working class pjliti
cal eruptions and the manj acts of op
pression committed by capitalists upon
their workers, constant!; goo.; on 1" -
tween thest opposing classes.
"The capitalists, who are lieartless
ness and cupidity personified, being th.
dominant class of society am! till
shapers of its institutions, have organ?
ized the who'" fabfic of society with a
view to "keeping the working class in
slavery. It is therefor?.- evident that if
the workers are to become free it must
be through their own efforts and di?
rectly against those of the capitalists.
Hence the revolutionary slogaa, 'The
emancipation of the workers must be
wrought by the Workers themselves.'"
Probably Only Leader
Preaching Lenine's Doctrine
FoBtr placed himself ftj his present
position by ingeniously applying what
he calls the policy of "boring from
within" the American Federation of La?
bor. He was at one time connected wit!*.
the Industrial Workers of the World,
an organization formed, among other
things, to destroy tho American Fed?
eration of Labor because of its con?
servative methods and policies. He
found, after long experience, that the !
American Federation of Labor cannot
he destroyed by attacks from without
an i conceived the idea of transform- !
ing it into a revolutionary syndicalist
organization from within. He joined
the American Federation of Labor and
for a long time worked quietly, unos- '
tentatiousiy and diligently. His first
big job, a job tiiat drew the attention
of the leaders of the American Fed?
eration of Labor, wag the organ iza
liori of the stock yards and packing
houses in Chicago and Kansas City, :
task which other labor men hud found
difficult. .So energetic and ctpable an
organiser did h?.? prove thai when
Samuel Gompers and other leaders held
a meeting in Chicago more than a
^?ear ago to discuss plan-- for organiz
ehe workers in the steel Industry,
Foster was among those who attended
and was given the post of secretary
treasurer of the committee to organize
the steel workers.
Foster made no attempt to deny he
joined the American Federation of
Labor with the purpose of transform?
ing it into a revolutionary, syndical?
ist organization, but he was clever
enough to play the game in accordance
with the accepted rules and regulations
laid down in the A. F of L. constitu?
tion. He never laid himself open to
Continued on page three
hi Idle Army
Even Foreigner?- liO*??*
Spirit ami Return itj
Absence of Mass Meet?
ings and Processions
Duquesne Has a
Surplus of Hands
Bethlehem Turns Down
Demands: Break in
Mahoning Mills Likely
By Theodore M. Knaopen
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 25. Waging *
dogged war of attrition, the an ??_????
i.sts in the struggle for the dom nai
of steel surged backward and forward
to-day. The waring down proe,
vored the big plants of th Carne?
Company in the Monongahela '?? a h
while the Jones & Laughlin plant
which has stood like a rock in Pitt
burgh, began to slip a little. Betweer
explosive breaths both gladiators look?"
to Washington, the labor leaders wil
hope that some sort of Federal t< r
ference might result, from the heai
of the Senate Committee on Labor '
Education, and the steel captain- witr
dread that there might b<^ some
The presence in Pittsburgh of Will?
iam J. Fiynn. chief of th?- bureai u
investigation of the Department of Ju
tice, suggested one sort of inl 'rfen
with the --trike that 7;.?' corporatioi
would welcome ? an investigati?
the revolutionary aspects of th? strike
and further inquiry into Secretar} I .??
ter's leadership of it.
Foster's Record Scrutinized
Flynn. who was m conference with
United States Distric Atto I
rey Humes, said thai he ivas hen ???
"iook into certain element o I ?
strike in which the Departmen Ju
lice is greatly interested " It
known that Foster*.- record ha> b?
laid before the ^)ep?rt^?'?|,''' of Ju tic
in ijreat detail, as well ;, rni .
facts telatiiis"- to radicalism invol
the steel it riki .
From President K. (',. Gr?.I I ?
Bethlehem Steel Compa cam? .n
answer to the ?.tr.ke pom a ?????
in a turn lo ?hat comnan*. i
?*a held buck by the trike leaden foi
liours. but th? y finally ."I.. **? ? *.
it -?.as a refusal <:??' tin c. i
manded. President Grac ?1? larc?
' a . ? hij COtll la,? \ -A . ? a 1.1 .
pre,s -nl ystem of colU'c?
ing with its employes. Eli wet it
to be referred to th? latioi
mittee of steel workei .
order to the **< ? '?? I? ? i ? p]
soon follow. ?The H l.hli ; ? ???..,, ,,
employs 60,000 ?"??a.
From Youngs-town came report that
rh<? Mahoning Vail) -.. ? rong
tjrie strikers, wa showing
l?r?-ak. and that th ? m?.a w a., I...
.?.ail- ??.( oui had ca ed n ? ? ? ? to ?
.?o r< ' p'-nin^ to .I
From < -hicago ;l wa i - pori ? ?
1,.' men n ?r-- al i*oi
States St? ; l orporation' plai i -?' '?,??
and tha? 50 OmctLWcre to r< ?um r
jobs at t ndiana liai bor
Alonir wit 'a t h< a repon ca
wails of ;ndusfries airea? tri
for - te? I. ? ra ?lwaj ? 01 *? ??"><? ?
account of rav n ,' er : ? .
a* steel mill? and notl g going oui
and th?- minor wail of d turbi
t rade in all te< : ? ?? ? ? ? ?
the "innocent h-, ?tander," as ut
getting more tna? hii tan
spent bullets ami bally aimed |
tiles ot" heai i?-r ?-y libre.
The protest of the striker- a?'iai
the author;'." interfering with thei
meetings- was iaol befor? Sheriff H?d
??lock, of Allegheny County, by a com
mittee this afternoon, and in answ?
lie said that hall meetings would b
permitted, but that outdoor meeting
would not be allowed. II? explaine?
in regard to tho state police that unde
the state law they could be ^nt inl
any community with or without reques
fi*qm the local authorit es and ilia!, h
had no control over the i vhat ver
Duquesne Ha?, Too Many Hen
I travelled through the stratog,
?alley of the Monongahela agaii
day and watched the silent bs '
the fortress positions of Komi ti i
Duquesne, the Edgar Thomson <???<.?',?.?.
at Braddook aa?! Clarion'. At t'r
Duquesne *. orks -; Is ar.?l .-h.t?
were actually overflowing ? 'h m>
and applicant ; for -?' rk w< ?
directed to the other planl s a
Lest this may eem qverd?
should be explained that al a.., ti t
have the Duquesne works been moi
than ?OO short in a total of ?,000, ar
that the ordinary absenteeism amour
to about 200. Mill men say that the;
?s a plain relation between the stea
fastness of Duquesne and the 100 p.
c.'nt order that has been maintain?
in that borough.
Somewhat more men reported
Homestead this morning than yesti
day, and the mounted troopers and ti
local police lolled in idleness
streets that at an early hoar were fr
of even a suggestion or a gre.;* ??
bitter internal struggle and given o\
to hosts of happy, flaxen-haired ch
dren, who were skipping and r? mpi
schoolward from the homes of t
Children Look Well Fed
One searched in vain for tig* -
malnutrition among these children
the '"industrial serfs," of whom t
more unfortunate get no le? th
$125 a month and trie more fortum
I not a. cent le^s tnan $150 a week.
One wondered what these rob'