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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 28, 1919, Page 11, Image 11',
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On Article X,
League's Stanchesl Friends
iu Senate Will Tell Him
He Must Accept Very
Reservation Ho Attacked
Lodge Forces in Control
VII Hope of Ratifying Treaty
Intact Is Lost; McCuinber
1*. Latest to Join Foes
By Carter Field
.v.-,,- York rnbl ? ?
Wa< '?:. 'jton Bureau
WASHINGTON*, Sept. 27. President
1 n be told by his own leaders
Senate as soon as ha is physi
:ally able to sec th< m that he must ac
:ept nothing less than the very reser- ?
ration to Arl le X of the league cove-,
nanl that he declared in ;.is Salt Lake
i tj '? ' ;'"' daj night and in his
j] t Chi ? : following night
cut 1 e hearl ou?. '' o1 tl - ti eat ?
Vdmii ? ' ? ? leaders adro itted to
\ would bo obliged to teil the
President this ,and to warn him further
?hat they have not even the choice of
i ng t?rese reservations and forc
;g tr ection or accepting
ce has passed out o*"
? ' ? ' : - and into t hi hands of I he
i rice ever*, one of the
forty-nin? itej leans is now on rec
Lhat i es? rvation. Even
McC'uni 1er, the stauchest
nations has on the
- ie, declared to day he
: this resi rvati? r if his
' ac< ? pi i 'i. As a matter of
act, 1 ' er\ lion ?s a compromise
i. ii bj enatora Lodge and Mc
"??(i umber Pledges Support
i. ipport the reservation
. ' - I'ri I ?-.'-? d S> ::;i* <.,t
Cumber, "in In ? ? ? ii lhat my own
? - - ?der a reserva
i this point vita fhe icserva
- d was shi vvn to several
-,-..? ? befon being transmit!ed ! i
? ? :? - - . as thi basis i or a com
oes not n ean, hov, -
.v, s an act u tl agri
nei promise on it, but there
vas a general disposition to support
ving is the text of the reser
- Un ited1. States assumes no ob
? : ? ? ? -\ isions of Ar
v to presi rve t he territorial
; grity or polit I? al ind? pendence
of any otl coui ry or to in
? ; ? : :; c? i ""? i i i? bet we . il ot h? r
iiembers of the
or not, or to ernpioj military
? of the I'nited States
; .. ?:? any purpose
unless in : pai I cular case lhat
( 'ongi ' . w under the ' !onst I
t tion has I ? sole powc r to declare
war or aul oi . the employment
?tar; and naval forces of t'r.e
I S ates, shall by act. uv joint
i - : :lare."
Text Sent by Peace League
It ? ? tted to-day by Senator
'.' nbei it the resei vaiion which
tha President o vigorously denounced
? ? to the Pre lident by agents :
. ? tl League to Enforce Peace. Ttiere
n much mystery as to how the
- obtained this text, Senator
commenting on that/ phase of
it in the speech in which he an
nounced for ti.e "mild reservationist"
group that substantially that resciva
tion wou d bi adopted or the treatj
wou ?', be ?? jected.
Senator iritcncock will tell the Pre-s
ident then - no hot)" of getting a
milder re ? rvi.i on Article X. He
will call attention to the speech of
Senator Lenroot, and tell the Presi?
dent - : - very one of the forty-nin?
Repub is for th^t reservation,
that tr.o ' i f them want something J
iti n-. .- d that any unnecessary
flgl ? > the res? rvation will i
probab -, i .-cntuate in something
strenge . !
In fact, there seems little doubl that
By thi - ? ?' '..a'oi s Moi lumbi r :.r.-l
McNar; overboard and accepting in
leir ?? S< nators Reed and ?.'ore
'rom the Democratic sid'-, the Repub-:
lican ould obtain a : ; ronger
r?serv?t on than this compromise. It
ii en I possible they could pass the
reserva- por! id by the committee
by adop g thi course, and the Ad
?ninistra n leader of course, would
i powerle - to top such manoeuvring.
Expect Hitchcock to \ccept
It is ki vn tl at both Mr. Hitchcock
*"d Senati r Swanson went over the
th :- 'rial or McCum
ber ?-., . i | :!.. we k. just before the '
""-'?""- wa n . re I to the President.
?he - ?. ? pre\ ailed on the Re
Poblii . -, ; th : con ference that
?nato ? d II ?tchcock would
weep? - ? i rvation as - non as all
'-?'????' ?'? t. - ot? il on. Their
s:tion i i--.\ w , di pend, of course, on
*bat ? Pri lei ays after they lay
tr- 5.1 "ore him.
Senatoi '?. ? i or . who has turned
from a ' d i ervationist" to a vig- ]
ftous sut lorter of the Johnson amena
^nt k;;-. :i;^ the UniteJ State-: an equal -
v?'-5 with the British Empire in the:
?eap" :, ?embly since the President
JJMted Iowa, a- lias also hi? colleague. !
?natur Cummins, to-day read to tho I
?Mate a letter indicating that the
Oe?ocrata in Iowa were for reserva-!
n [ '?? lettei was writt? n by \V. 1.
?J*>nagan, of En ?ttsburg, Iowa, a mem- I
w of tlle (owa Democratic. State Cen- \
n\ Com nil tee.
*t! in! i : ow the sentiment of the
coun iv on this proposi
H*?" sa .J Mr. Branagan. "It is my
judgment that nt least 80 per cent of
our people, regardless of politics, are
in thorough sympathy with the action
our Senators already have taken in
standing for the reservations that have
been given publicity. The more the
matter in discussed the stronger be?
comes public feeling against provisions
of the covenant. 1 sincerely hope' you
will not flnich and that if we are to
have a league it will safeguard thor?
oughly the American privileges and
principies of which we are so justly
Dr. Renisch May Act as
China s Counsellor Here
Retiring Minister Says Japan
Should Enter Shantung Only
on a Parity IT it h Others
TOKIO, Sept. 18 (By The Associated
Press"! (Delayed), Before going on
beard the steamship Venezuela for his
voyage to San Francisco, Dr. Paul S.
Reinsch, fermer United States Min?
ister to China, denied a repqrt he had
been retained by China as political
adviser. He said he was going to Wash?
ington to practice law and that he
might act as legal counsellor for China.
Discussing conditions in China, Dr.
Rein ch declared Americans in that
country were not anti-Japanese, but
believed in the matter of the Shan?
tung peninsula that the restoration of
sovereignty to China by Japan would
mean only the "return of the shell."
"I believe Japan holds a trump card,
if she will only play it." he continued.
"That is to return everything wrung
from China by Germany, and to re?
tain only the privilege of entering
Shantung on equal terms with the rest
of the world."
Speaking at Nagoya, Viscount Kato,
former Minister of Foreign Atfairs and
the man generally considered re^pon
sib'e tor the treaty of 1015 with China,
declared Japan would never consent
ro abandon her preferential rights in
Manchuria ami Mongolia.
Viscount Kato, who is leader of th<?
Opposition party, said his organization
also believed Japan's rights in Shan- .
tung were based on treaties and agree?
ments which should be excluded from
the proposed consortium, in which the
United States. Great Britain. France
.- ?! Japan would participate.
He attacked Viscount Uchida, Foreign
Minister, for agreeing to substitute an
international for an exclusive Japan?
ese settlement of the Shantung ques- '
tion, charging that the Foreign Min?
ister's concession jn this respect was
made i". response to "pressure from
Johnson I rged to Quit
Fight by Calif or nians
Judges, Offieinls atul Business
Men Jf ire Him People De
i;iav<l Treaty Be Ratified
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27.?-Senator ;
Johnson, Republican, of California, is
asked in a telegram signed by judges,
state officials and business men of Cal?
ifornia to withdraw his opposition to
ratification of the peace treaty. The
telegram, made public here to-day by
tine League to Enforce Peace, said in
"We have heard the President's mes?
sage on the peace treaty and the league
of nations. We have 'ilso considered
carefully all the objections offered to
ratification. We are convinced that tlw
treaty should be ratified without,
amendment or reservations. The objec?
tions to ratification are not weighty
and should not hold us back. We ap?
peal to. you to withdraw your opposi?
tion. We a:'.? confident that in this we'
speak for an overwhelming majority
of the people of California and that
your present position does not repre?
sent them truly."
Signatures to the telegram included
the names of F. M. Angellotti, Chief
Justice, and Warren Olney, jr., Curt.s
D, Wilbur and Lucien Shaw, associ?t?
justices of the California Supreme
Court; Benjamin Ide Wheeler, presi?
dent of the State University; Ray Ly
man Wilbur, president of Leland Stan?
ford University; Judge.- Maurice T.
Dooling and William C. Van Fleet, of
the Federal Court; Judge Frank Y.
Brittain, of the Appellate Court; Will
('. Wood, State Superintendent of Pub
he. Instruction; Charles D. Blaney, for?
mer president of the State Highway
Commission; Ralph P. Merritt, Federal
food administration; Judge George A.
Sturtevant, of the Superior Court; A.
J. Pillsbury, chairman of the State In?
dustrial and Accident Commission; Ed?
win 0. Edgerton, chairman of the Stabs
Railrou? Commission; Fredtrick S. Kel?
son, President of the Advertising Club,
and Frederic;. H. Whitton, president of
the Commercial Club.
Se lalor Johnson now is en route to
California and other Western Btates to
resume his speaking campaign against
the treaty and league of iiatio*as.
Young New to Appeal
To Senator for Aid
'S Deed Correspondence
LOS ANGELES. Sept. 27.-?United
States Senator Harry S. New, of Indi?
anapolis, probably will be asked with?
in a short time to aid the defence of
Harry S. New. jr.. confessed rlayer of
his sweetheart, Freda Lesser. New
claims to bo a son of the Senator.
Mrs. Lillie Burger, New's mother,
who disclosed what she said was a
thirty-year-old romance with Senator
New, is anxious that he come to her
son's defence, according to informa?
tion from an apparently authentic
source. When Mrs. Burger readied
Los Angeles from the East, following
her son's dramatic confession of the
slaying of the Lesser girl, she an?
nounced that Senator New would not
be asked to help to save New from the
gallows. Difficulty in arranging for an
adequate defence of her son is said to
have caused Mrs. Burger to decide to
appeal to Senator New for help.
!:. is sard that Lecompte Davis, one
of the attorneys for New, will leave
Los Angeles shortly for Indianapolis
to confer with the Senator. Mr. Davis
admitted that he "might make a trip
Involving a Delightful Economy!
cTj T l\iaxon\ one is veritably torn
v ?** between two emotions. ADMIRATION
\v|v of the exquisite, unusual Model costumes.
M? ASTONISHMENT over the prices ? so
"\vl very much below the prevailing prices?
Y|fl below even the wholesale cost! Exclu
p**r j sively original Model creations are to be
*/*r nad here? transplanted almost daily from
I the showrooms of le grand couture. The
advance gowns, suits, coats and wraps
that establish the vogue in Fashiondom!
i?aXdn Model Owns
1587 Broadway at 4?lh St.
One Flight Lp?Tat* Elevator
Tour a Greater Triumph
For Wilson Than His Cause
Women and Children Provided Most of Cheers
and Warmth of His Welcome, but Close Observ?
ers Doubt He Won Many Converts to League
ON BOARD THE PRESIDENT'S
SPECIAL TRAIN. Sept. 27.?President
Wilson's tour to the coast was un?
doubtedly a personal triumph, but the
question whether it was a triumph for
the President, of the United States or
for the league of nations is still an
open one. The evidence indicates it
was more a triumph for the President
as President than for the cause he
The assertion probably will go un
controverted that the tour would not
have been a triumph had it not been
for the women and the children. In
many instamos the men were un?
demonstrative, but, the women and
Young America was there with flag
and shout. He did not know anything
about the league of nations, nor did
he carp a copper about the'idea. But
he was out of school for the clay on
account of the presence of the Presi?
dent of the United States. He and
his little sister were a constant joy
to the President and Mrs. Wilson. And
when the President's car had passed a
given point, thousands of wriggling
buys and girls sifted past the out?
stretched clubs of the guardians of
the peace and followed the first citi?
zen of the country with wiid acclaim.
The tribute was a splendid one, and
brought tears to the eyes of the Chief
"These boys and girls?these arc
my clients. I am speaking for them,'
said the President to his Denvet
Not a Flat Failure
From the first address at Columbus
until he wearily obeyed the peremptory
order of Admiral Grayson, his physi
cian to end his tour, there was not i
meeting which could truthfully hi
called a flat failure. The lack of en
thusiasm in Omaha and Bismarck wa:
marked and perhaps disappointing, bu
the streets were lined with crowds jus
the same and the "bad" spots wer
forgotten in the memory of the tre
mendous enthusiasm at Seattle, Port
land. Tacoraa, Los Angeles and Sai
At Minneapolis, thn only place wher
the weather was unpleasant, as man
as 200,000 people stood through a ligh
drizzle awaiting the corning of th
President from St. Paul. The audi
toriums invariably were filled as soo
as the doors were opened and, at time:
when the address was set at. an earl
hour, as at Wichita, the hall was fu'
at 7 o'clock in the morning.
At Oklahoma City, it was said tr
day, there were 200,000 on hand t
welcome the President. At bot
Wichita and Oklahoma City there wa
great disappointment and sympath
over the illness of the President an
the failure to see him.
The tour was at a season of yer
when people generally had time t
seo the President. In nearly -every In?
stance, the committee of arrangements
contained more Republicans than Dem?
ocrats, lending support to the saying
that the greeting was to the President
as President and wa3 non-partisan.
In view of these facts, the tour may
be sonsidered a personal triumph of
magnitude. The political effect is
problematical. Governor Shoup, of
Colorado, told The Tribune correspond?
ent that the President had helped
along his cause, and that his address
was educational; that the people had
not understood until they heard him
what the league of nations really was.
This M'as made clear also at Salt
Lake, where the vast Mormon Taber?
nacle audience received a reproof from
the President, for applauding the stand
of the opposition Senators before the
President had mad?; it clear to them
just, what was involved in such op?
It goes without, saying that Senator
Hiram W. Johnson, of California, has
an uphill fight on his hands in his na?
tive state in trying to controvert the
President's posit ion, because for months
the people of his state have been as?
sured by ever, the Republican press
that the leapue should be adopted as it
stands. On the whole it probably is a
fact that while sentiment is not crys?
tallized, either for or against the treaty
in the other states, it is substantially
crystallized in California, Oregon and
Soldiers Oppose Treaty
One thing more should be said in
summing up the situation, and it is
that the returned soldiers, generally
speaking, are almost to a man opposed
to the treaty as it stands, because the
government in its interpretation of the
nation's obligations under Article X
might find it neces = ary to send an
American army to Europe. The Trib?
une correspondent talked to soldiers In
nearly every city, and in not a single
instance did he lind one in favor of an
international agreement that might
cause him to shoulder his gun and take
ship for Evirope. The unanimous ver?
dict seemed to be, 'We have had enough
It probably is true that very much ol
the sentiment in favor of the treaty
created by the President in the lasl
three weeks is susceptible of change 01
modification by a persistent educational
campaign. If, for instance, the Ameri?
can Legion in its national conventior
in Minneapolis, if the treaty should be
pending then, conveying the sentimenl
of thousands of its members, shou'c
see (it to go on record against any pol?
icy involving the sending of an Ameri
can army to foreign countries? the cf
feet of such a stand among the voten
would be farreaching, and might en
tirely neutralize the effort put fortl
by the President, in the last three week:
to convert the masses to his way 01
4 World Menace'
Senator Asserts President
Is Fomentor of Anarchy
in Speech Prepared for
Queens County Meeting
United States Senator Miles' Poin?
dexter, of Washington, last night
charged President Wilson with being a
fomenter of revolution and anarchy in \
all countries, and a world menace. His j
attack was contained in a typewritten j
manuscript issued ju3t before, he made
his appearance as the principal speaker
at a mass meeting and rally of Re?
publicans of Queens County, at Ivan- j
hoe Park, Ridge wood.
Senator Poindexter departed from
the manuscript in the speech he made
to a thousand men and women, and
cnnfiened himself to an offensive
against, the league of nations along !
familiar lines. Mention of the league \
was greeted with prolonged hisses. j
In his prepared speech, Senator Poin- |
dexter said, in part:
"The President is the world's worst |
menace. The 'Reds' of the world re?
gard him as their leader. His abuse
of power in coming to the rescue of
the dynamiter Mooney in California,
the murderer Kilstrom in Utah, the
anarchist Robert Minor in France, and
in attempting, and succeeding to some
extent, to set aside the processes of
civil and military justice in the
punishment of these criminals, linn
justified the revolutionists and anar- ;
chists in looking upon him as their ,
Radic?is Cheered by Views
"His declarator for the 'democrati
zation of industry' is used by the ex- :
treme radicals in the labor union :
movement as the basis of their de?
mand that the railroads of the coun?
try shall be purchased at public ex?
pense and put under control of the
employes, which means under control
?of their unions.
"The President stated on March 5 in
\"ew York that we should sacrifice the
United States, and he seems to be in a
fair way of accomplishing his purpose.
That purpose, as stated by him, is in?
ternationalism, or, as lie expresses it, ?
'the joining of our fortunes with the
fortunes of men everywhere.' Ho has
set the Italian nation in turmoil. Ho :
invited sedition and insurrection in
Italy by appealing to the Italian people
over the head3 of the Italian govern?
"As a result of his unwarranted in?
terference in the Fiume controversy he
has brought the Italian nation to the
verge of civil war. Without the re?
motest authority he has sent to par?
ticipate in the controversy over Fiume
and in the fighting which now seems
imminent there American marines and
American ships of war. They should
be withdrawn immediately. There is
no authority 'or their presence there.
It is an affront to a friendly nation
and is a violation of every prerogative
of the American people. No warrant
or authority whatever has been given
to the President to make war upon the
Italian people or any part of them.
They are our friends, and wo should
observe our duty at least as neutrals
if not as Allies in the recent war.
Attacks on Opponents Denounced
"The statements of the President, in
his recent tour have been full of
charges that those who oppose his plan
to sacrifico the United States in a union
with foreign powers aro pro-German
and Bolshevists, or that they arc en?
couraging Bolshvism. The hypocrisy
of such a charge is evidenced by the
fact that it. required the constant press?
ure of public opinion to keep the Presi?
dent himself from following the exam?
ple of the Bolsheviki in betraying the
Allies and making peace with Germany
in the midst of the war. This is a mat?
ter of official record. On January 8,
1018, he indorsed and eulogized the
conduct of the Russian Bolsheviki in
their traitorous peace and betrayal of
the Allies at Brest-Litov.sk. He in?
dorsed their terms of peace. He now
claims to be strongly anti-German, but.
it was a long time before, as the head
t)f the American government, he came
to the assistance to civilization in its
dire need against the German attack.
"The President's statements in the
various speeches he has recently made
about the league of nations are full of
direct; misstatements of facts. He said
at Salt Lake City that the league cove?
nant did not give six votes to Great
Britain. In the same speech he said
that it did give srx votes to Great
Britain, but that these six votes were
no more effective than the one given
to the United States. Both of these
statements were contrary to the facts.
Assembly's Power Understated
"Ho stated that the assembly of the
league would have no power. Tie fact
is that the assembly of the league ex?
ercises the most colossal powers in
the league government, it being pro?
vided by Article XV tHat any contro?
versy of whatever nature between na?
tions may be carried to it by either
party to "the controversy. The Presi?
dent says that the assembly merely
talks. This is wholly contrary to the
fact. Article XV provides in express
terms that it shall decide. Those de?
cisions will be upon questions involv?
ing the life of nations and the wel?
fare of their people.
"The war is over. It has been over
for nearly a year. Formal peace should
have been ratified at least eight months
ago. The President says that, it is very
important there should be a formal rat?
ification of peace. If so, why has he
delayed the ratification of peace, or
even the formulation of peace terms,
for the greater part of a year, lirst at
Paris and then here, by incumbering
the peace treaty with a constitution
for a permanent international congress
of labor and the constitution for a
centralized and despotic world govern?
ment called a league of nations, neither
of which is essential or proper as part
of the peace treaty, and both of which
are, through the influence of the Presi?
dent, responsible for the delay of a
formal peace, and largely responsible,
together with tho encouragement given
by the President to communism, for
the social and political disorder of this
country and of Itay, Russian and other
Will Teach Journalism
A course in journalism is announced
by tho Brooklyn branch of the Collego
of tho City of New York, which con?
ducts evening classes at the Boys' High
School, Putnam and Marcy avenues.
The new course will be under the di?
rection of a committee headed by Her?
bert Bridgman, business manager of
"Tho Standard Union."
Civics for women i? another r.ew
course offered by the Brooklyn branch,
under the direction of Dr. A. G. Frad? -
burgh, director of the extension
courses of Adeiphia College.
General Assails League
In Speech to Troops
CHILLICOTHE, Ohio, Sept. 27.?
Major General E. F. Lenn, command?
ing Camp Sherman, and who was in
France with the 83d Division, yes?
terday attacked the league of nations
covenant in an address here before
500 officers and men. He declared
that the United States should keep
out of European politics, and asserted
that France was not in as bad con?
dition as the French people would
have us believe.
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