Newspaper Page Text
More Facts in Foster's
Record as Labor Leader
Once Opposed by A. F. of L.
First Vice-President as
Unfit to Represent Work?
ers at World Conference
First to Preach Sabotage
Policy. Picked I-p Abroad,
Refused Even by I. W. W.
as Too Radical in lT. S.
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 26. The first
appearance of W. ?.. Foster as a radi?
cal, so far as can be recalled, was In
15*10, when ns a reporter for "The
Seattle Call," a Socialist paper at that
time, he was sent along the Pacific
Coast to report a number of so-called
free speech fights. From this lie ap?
pears to have developed into a soap?
box orator and general agitator, and
from this he got into the I. W. W. He
was the first to preach sabotage.
In 1911, while a member of the
I. W. W.. Foster went to Europe and
there visited France, Germany and
Hungary a;* official correspondent of
"Solidarity," official organ of the
I. W. W. in America, which at that
?.?time was published at New Castle,
Penn. He wrote many articles for this
publication, some of them signed,
"Yours for the I. \V. W.
"W. Z. FOSTER."
"Yours for the revolution,
"W. /.. FOSTER."
While in France he assaciated with
French syndicalists, who at that time
had succeeded in making syndicalist
organizations of trades unions. In
these articles in "Solidarity" he laid
great stress on getting into the A. F.
of L. and "boring from within," mean?
ing to inoculate the A. V. of I., with
the syndicalist spiril of radicalism.
"It was folly to try to organize from
the outside." was his repeated admoni?
tion to "So'idarity" readers.
These article- created much com?
ment among the radicals at that time,
and a number of letters for and
against Foster's preachments were
printed in this publication.
Once Excluded From
World Labor Meeting
While in Europe Foster learned
there was going to be a conference
of International Trades Unions at
Budapest. He cabled to Vincent St.
John'in America, at that time head of
the I. W. W., asking for credentials
as a'delegate from this organization to
the conference, '?'his conference was
officially called the International Sec?
retariat. James Duncan, who was an.!
still is first vice-president of the
American Federation of Labor, also
was present as delegate from that
organization, and he opposed the Mat?
ing of Foster and succeeded in having
him excluded as a delegate and the
I. W. W. as the representative body
of American 1 bor.
At the 1911 convention of the Amer?
ican Federation of Labor* at Atlanta..
Ga., Mr. Duncan told of the Budapest!
conference and how he had succeeded i
in having Foster excluded. Mr. Duncaif< ?
in his report, describes the discussion i
as to his own credentials, and in the !
official report he says:
"As the discussion progressed I
discovered that the inquiry in a
veiled manner was directed against
my credentials as representing or?
ganized labor of North America. A
misguided man named Foster, from
Chicago, 111., claiming to represent
an alleged organization of labor in
America called the International I In?
dustrial) Workers of the World, had
been for some turn- in Paris and had
?ucceeded in convincing the French
delegates that ho represented a legal
organization in America, and was en?
titled to bo recognized by the Secre?
tariat instead of the A. F. of L. rep?
resentatives. A motion was made that
the International Workers of the
World be not admitted to affiliation
in the International Secretariat as &
national trade union centre.
Enacted I. W. Wish
With Foul Language
"During discussion on the motion
the misguided Foster lost control of
his temper and gave the convention
ocular demonstration of wiia an 1.
W. W. really is. His language was
foul, vulgar and vehement. He oven
threatened assault, and subsided only
to prevent expulsion from the room.
He spoke in English, and 1 had his
language interpreted to the delegates,
but his actions were us detri?
mental to the purpose he had in mind
as was tli<- interpretation. The
Frenchmen '.sere not dismayed at the
tri-color being smudged with I. VY. \V.
mire. They suggested that if the
Foster aggregation were not admit?
ted that the A. F. of L. should be
kept out of the International Secre?
tariat until both organizations be?
came reconciled to a universal policy.
^'"After general discussion Foster
?was given an opportunity to tell his
own story in his own way, My i it
? tnal impulso was to protest against
him being in the meeting except as
a visitor, but he was invoking martyr?
dom, and 1 figured that if he were
given plenty of rope he would figur?
atively hang himself.
"He claimed that in America the I.
W. W. was the only body which or?
ganized unskilled workers; that 85
per cent of their skilled membi ; I
?were also in the A. I', of L. unions;
i that those unions would not admit
Socialista and revolutionary foreign?
ers into membership, and" that the
people he represented were 100 per
cent Socialists and revolutionists,
?ho were preparing for the interna?
tional strike, which would strike ter?
ror into the heart of capitalism, in?
cluding the A. F. of !.. rhe climax
in his harangue was that he under?
stood that other traue union officials
and 1 bud been known to sit and eat
nt. the same table with a President
of the United States, with Bishop
Potter and with Archbishop Corri?
gan, of New York, and that there
Tore, we were not qualified to repre?
sent the working class.
"After the whole of the first offi?
cial day plj? more than an hour after
scheduled adjournment, had been
taken up with this unwarranted and
ridiculous discussion, all delegate:;
in the conf?re,ice, excepting the
Frenchmen, voted i:i favor of tiro
Report Im Official
R?pcord of A. F. of L.
The above is from Mr. Duncan's re
iert of the American Federation of
?bor, held at Atlanta, Ga., November
?8 to 25 inclusive, 1911, and is a mat
?r of official record of that body.
Aft*r reading the portion of the re- ;
?fort in reference to Mr. Foster, Vice- |
**r*sident Duncan ?aid to the eonven
"Paring the pr***?dlAgs m IstUx
i received by this man from Chicago
. was passed around among the delo
! gntes. As only n few of the dele
i gates could read the letter, which was
j in English, I had it interpreted for
1 the others. The letter is as follows:
! "Industrial Workers of tho World
513 Cambridge Building,
Chicago, 111., July 21, 1911. .
i "Vincent St. John, General Secre?
j "W. E. Trautman, AssL Sec and
! "Mr. W. Z. Foster, caro Mr. Fritz
Kater, C-54 Alts Schonhausen
St russe 20, Berlin, Germany.
"Am mailing you by registered
mail this date, general delivery,
Budapest, Hungary, dope that we
have on hand ? to date. If we are
successful in getting additional dope,
will send it on ns fast as wo get
, hold of it.
"If suggestions are in order and
this letter reaches you in time, I
would suggest that you get Into
Budapest us early as possible, look
up Hasch and hold down the town.
Hasch may also have some dope that
will be of assistance to you.
"Have had documents marked so as
to help you out in getting at the
L-matter without having to search
through the papers. The bound
volume of 'Socialist Review' has
index marked. Try and tako good
care of all these documents as they
will como in handy in the future no
"With best wishes, I am
"Yours for Industrial Freedom,
"VINCENT ST. JOHN,
Altercation in Car
Leads to His Arrest
"All I have to say in addition to
the letter is that I am somewhat
fearful tho, 'dope' had effect, because
soon after the fracas to which I
have referred in my official report
took place, Mr. Foster came to grief
in Budapest. The following day a
Hungarian, who had been in this
country and could speak some Eng?
lish, came to me and said a subscrip?
tion paper was; being passed around
to get Foster out of jail and enable
him to return to Berlin. He had
been arrested the night before be
cause of some trouble he had with a
streetcar conductor for not paying
his fare. I 'old our friend that since
the Roman occupation of that part
of the country the roads had been in
excellent condition, that pedes
trianism was good for the health,
and I would therefore refrain from
interfering with Mr. Foster's oppor?
tunity to benefit his health by walk?
ing back, to Berlin."
After Foster returned to America, he
wit ii a few others founded "The Syndi?
calist League of North America." of
which he became secretary, and it is
then that he wrote the book "Syndical?
ism." in which he advocates the na?
tional tactics that he is following out
in the conduct of the steel strike. Hav?
ing learned sabotage in France, he
went throughout the states preaching
it, raid when he advocated it to his
I. W. W. constituents he was repeated?
ly told that, "it wouldn't work." He
was told that it was used abroad only
because the Re.is are in control, and
ro this Foster'.- reply was always to
'he effect that the Beds must control
Apparently folowing out his "bore
from within" policy, he is first ?earned
of as mi A. F. "of L. member through his
membership in-the carmen's union. He
is never known to have had any craft
until he became a car repairer. His
present pursuit seems to be that of a
:-oap-box orator and a general agitator.
1'pon his connection with the American
Federtaion of Labor he immediately
became active, and his first activity of
prominence was in his work as. organ?
iser of the meat packers in Chicago.
In June, 1918, at the American Fed?
eration of Labor convention in St.
Paul, it was Foster who presented the
[?(.solution for the committee to organ?
ize the steel workers, and he was put
on that committee. He opened an of
fice in Pittsburgh and gathered around
him all the radicals of the community,
lie has frequently appeared at anar?
chist and Socialist meetings in the
Girl, 1 Years Old, Attacks
Babies in Carriages
Condition of Two Demand*
Attention of Doctor; Others
The Children's Society began an in?
vestigation yesterday of the actions of
j four-year-old Elsie Schelp, who wan
; dered away from her home at 1822 Pal?
metto Street, Kidgewood, Queens, and
? attacked several babies who were lying
in their carriages in the yard of Public
j School SX. She was taken to the Glen
dale police station, where site was
claimed by her mother.
According to the mothers of the
children whom the little girl attacked,
the child scratched the faces of all
; of them and tried to choke several.
The mothers were attending a govern
: ment auction nearby and returned to
their babies when they heard them
scream i u g.
Three-months-old William Holmes, of
'.:";ii Woodbine Street, was scratched
about the face and his neck was
bruised. He was gasping for breath
: when his mother, who had been a
trained nurse before her marriage,
: reached him. She placed her lips to
his and blew air into his lungs.
Thomas Flynn, eleven months old,
; also was scratched about tiie face, as
1 were most of the other babies. Dr.
| Kemp, of 2442 Cornelia Street, was
| summoned and administered first aid
j to the Holmes and Flynn children in a
< nearby drug store. He said their in
! junes were not serious and that they
; would recover. The other babies did
; not need medica! attention.
The Schelp child was found in a
corner of the yard and taken to the
\ Glendalc police station. When iiues
l tinned there, she declined to say any
. thing concerning the motive for her
? at :ack. Her mother, arriving to re
? port the loss of her child, took her
j Farm Congress Takes
Stand Against Strikes
j Deitonmes Demands of Unions
and the '"Growing Tendency
? KANSAS CITY, Sept. 27.?Protesting
j that organized labor is "demanding
more production of the farmers, while
; demanding of its members less produc?
tion," delegates to the International
Farm Congress late to-day went or
record as deploring strikes except in
"grave emergency." and opposing the
unionization of police and other peace
The resolutions also demanded legis?
lative action to lower the difference
in prices between producer and con?
sumer, condemned "the growing ten?
dency* toward idleness among all
classes of people," and opposed govern?
ment ownership of railroads, and pledg?
ing themselves to continue to produce
in amounts to meet any emergency.
Senator Arthur Cupper, of Topeka,
Kansas, was ?lected president of the
Price of Coal
To Be Doubled
If Miners Win
j Operators Declare Public
Will Pay S 1,000,000,000
Increase if the Proposed
New Scale Is Granted
War Contract Violated
Profit on Output in Pitts?
burgh District Is Said
To Be Only 3 Per Cent
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27.?The pres?
ent cost of coal to the Consumer will be
doubled if demands formulated by the
United Mine Workers are allowed, a
statement issued to-day by the Na?
tional Coal Association declared. It is
estimated the demands, if granted, will
add $1,000,000,000 to tho cost of coal
during the coming year.
"The United Mine Workers of Amer?
ica are trying to hold up tho people of
the United States for a billion dol?
lar annual incrense In the cost of coal,"
the statement says. "They have an?
nounced their intention of striking No?
vember 1 unless their demands at.'
granted, and that is what their de?
mands mean in dollars and cents."
Violation of Agreement Charged
A contract between miners and oper?
ators, approved by the government,
covers wages, hours and working con?
ditions for the war period, the state?
ment says, and continues:
"Obviously, the country is at war
until the treatv of peace is ratified and
proclaimed. The miners understand
this. They did not contend that the
agreement was terminated by the sign?
ing of the. armistice, but continued to
work under it. They have now decided
to take advantage of the shortage of
coal and the imminence of winter to
enforce their demands in violation oi
A six-hour day, it says, means ap?
proximately five hours in the working
places, while tho live-day week on that
basis means an actual reduction from
forty-eight hours a week, the present
schedule, to about twenty-five hours a
week "in the face of the fact that, we
are now short of coal in this country
and throughout the world and that in?
creased and uninterrupted cord pro?
duction is vital.'
Public to Pay Cost
"On top of this they demand a C>0
per cent increase in wages," the state?
ment says. "The effect of these de?
mands, if granted, would be to almost
double the present cist of mining coal.
"Any such increased cost must neccs
?sarily'be paid by the j-u'iii:-. Exhibits
iiled'by the Pittsburgh operators with
the Senate committee investigating
the coal situation show'their profits
are less than one-half of those of last
year and average but '?' per cent en the
''With such a narrow margin of
profit, if is impossible for the operators
to absorb any increase in wages.
"Approximately 600,000 men are em?
ployed in the bituminous mines of the
country, of whom about 400,000 are
employed in the unionized districts.
This comparatively small group of 400,
000 men i.s now attempting to hold up
the 110,000,000 inhabitants of the United
States for one billion dollars a year."
Fight Freed From
Prison by Iksker
Many Sentences Remitted
in Addis ion to Those Con?
sidered by Board: Most
Objectors Now Released
A''"'' Torn 7.!.'...'? <
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27. -Clemency,
amounting almost to general amnesty,
to conscientious objectors, has been au?
thorized by Secretary Baker. Only a
small number of men who refused to
do military servir?- by reason of con?
scientious scruples, and who were sen?
tenced to varying terms of imprison?
ment for disobedience of military or?
ders, remain in prison, Secretary linker
In many of the cases of objectors the
clemency board of the War Department
recommended reduction in sentence--.
In some of these cases, and in many
which the clemency board did not con?
sider, Secretary Hai.er himself directed
that the remaining sentences be re?
mitted and the men discharged.
The Secretary grouped the consci?
entious objectors in three classes. In
the first group, he said, seventy-eight
men were included,
Prison Sentences Short
"Two and a half years' imprison?
ment," Mr. Baker said, "is the longest
term given any of these men. Most of
them are now out of the disciplinary
barracks. In the second group were
thirty-six men, whose sentences have
been reduced to such an extent that
the longest period of confinement was
three and a half years. Most of these
men also have been released. In the
third group were eighty-four men. the
i maximum sentence b, ing four years.
A large number of these have been re?
Secretary Baker frankly admitted
that the order releasing the conscien?
tious objectors did not come from Pres?
ident Wilson, but Uiat he. himself, was
responsible. He did not offer any rea?
son for the widespread clemency grant?
ed the objectors, but stated that simi?
lar reductions in sentences had been
made in the cases of soldiers whose
sentences to disciplinary barracks were
due to infractions of military rules.
Many Penalties Reduced
"The conscientious objectors," Mr.
Baker said, "have been considered by
the clemency board, and recommenda?
tions for reductions in their sentences
havo been made. In some instances I
have considered the cases. Through
good behavior reductions in sentences
have been merited by the prisoners."
Secretary Baker intimated that the
conscientious objectors given their
freedom were those whose refusal to
bear arms was based on religious rea?
sons. He said those who were still con?
fined were classed as members of or?
ganizations that were against war, or
those who may termed revolutionists in
Victory Buttons Received Here
Five thousand silver Victory buttons,:
which were delayed in transit, were :
received yesterday by the army re?
cruiting bureau. Wounded veteVans
may obtain them upon presentation of
their discharges at 461 Eighth Avenue,
1834 Broadway. 29 Whitehall Street, or
25 Third Avenue, Manhattan; 142 Ash
land Place. Brooklyn, or ??S Summit ?
Avenue, Jersey City, I
j Called Unjust
Flood Declares Atrocities
in Army Prisons Were
Slopped as Soon as the
General Heard of Them
Sale to France Defended
Errors in Judgment Incon?
sequential Compared to
Result Achieved Abroad
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27.?Denial of
charges by Representative Bland, Re?
publican, of Indiana, that Brigadier
. General Harts was implicated in prison
I atrocities in tho American expedition?
ary force was made in a statement to?
day by Representative Flood, Democrat.
! of Virginia, minority member of the
House sub-committee, which returned
to Washington to-day after investigat?
ing prison conditions and war expendi?
tures in France.
"Evidence before the committee," Mr. '
Flood said, "exonerated General Harts.
As soon ns General Harts heard of
alleged prison atrocities be proceeded
to correct them. Most of the occur
ronces were recorded before General
Harts took charge of Paris affairs, and
conditions certainly improved under j
Mr. Flood said the accomplishments
of the American expeditionary forces j
were phenomenal and unparalleled. :
Never before had there been such swift]
application of intelligent energy, he
Criticism Not Justified
"I do not agree with Representative ;
Bland's somewhat comprehensive criti- j
i ism of the American army in France,''!
said Mr. Flood. "The buildings alone,!
?f placed end to end, would have ex
tended from Brest to the Russian fron- '
tier of Germany, or about. 000 miles, i
Wise provision was made for an army
of 4,(i?();0 M). France is still wondering1
at these achievements. I
"Of course, in a time so hurried and !
in a business so vast and complicated
some mistakes and error.; of judgment |
must have occurred. They were so ,
few in number and so inconsequential j
in relation to the big tilings success?
fully accomplished that they can i
hardly be detected."
In regard to the purchase of 5,000,000 !
gallons of vinegar, which Representa- I
Live Bland, who is a member of the
committee, said yesterday was made at I
i great les-, to the War Department,
Mr. Flood said the vinegar was pur-!
chased in Spain at an actual cost of
seven cents a gallon less than the
freight rate would have been from the |
?! ?tod States. !
"Unless Mr. Bland has had access to l
evidence which 1 have not seen," con?
tinued Representative Flood, "he is in |
error in the statement that $1,700,000,-i
000 of American property was sold'
under a blanket contract with France'
for 5400,000,000. The $1,700,000,000
was the cost price of our surplus prop?
erty in France.
"An inventory taken when the sur- i
plus was declared fixed the value of
this property at about $1,000,000,000.'
Included were camps, docks, hospitals, I
storehouses, ice plants, railroad sid?
ings and narrow ?range military rail-I
roads, which were a liability to us be- !
cause largo numbers of soldiers were |
required to guard them, and because
?when we gave them up, we would have!
had to renov? the structures rind put
the land on which they stood in its
nor,nal condit ion.
Sale Netted 50 Per Cent
"Of the $1,000,000,000 in inventoried
property, $200,000,000 were sold before
the I-reach contract. Under the con?
tract we received 50 cents on the dollar
upon the inventoried value of this
"This contract also provided that out
of the supplies sold to France the
American army should be supplied with ;
everything needed as long as any parti
of it remained. This greatly reduced!
the quantity of these supplies, which
France will actually receive. Again.'
the contract provided that Francej
should answer for and settle all dam?
ages resulting from the use of the
lands, thereby relieving tho United
States of much litigation and tremen?
Writ Orders Eviction
Court Says Mayor's Committee!
Exceeded Its Authority
An eviction warrant whoso execu?
tion was delayed since July 15 by the
Mayor's Committee on Rent Profiteer- j
ing was suddenly put into effect by a i
writ of mandamus yesterday, with the
result that James McCann, his wife ?
Mid six children must vacate their
quarter-; in the tenement at 2,18 Forty- j
fifth Street. Brooklyn. Justice Faber,
of the Brooklyn Supreme Court, held ;
that the Mayor's Committee has ex?
ceeded its authority.
Proceedings for the writ of mandamus |
were instituted by Mrs. Rosa Jackie,
owner of the tenement, who said she i
regarded the MeCann's as undesirable!
tenants. No question of increased
rent was involved, she declared.
Smith Asked to Ketura
Troops in Beacon Hat Strike ''
POUGHKEEPSIE, N. V? Sept. 27.?
A petition is being circulated in Beacon i
asking Governor Smith to return the :
state polic there for strike duty and'
also asking the removal of Commis-1
sioner of Safety Cronin of that city i
because of alleged activity in sym?
pathy with the hat strikers. A mass
meeting of the strikes will be held
to-morrow afternoon to protest to the1
governor against the return of the j
Jews in No Danger,
Austria Assures U. S.
Dr. Renner Asserts Precautions
Will Be Taken to Prevent
Violence in Galicia
VIENNNA, Sept. 27 (By Tbc Asso
ciated Press).?Albert Halstead, Ameri?
can consul at Vienna, has t.skcd Chan?
cellor Renner regarding the order of
expulsion issued against *he Galician
Jews in Austria, in connection with
which there had been rumora of im?
pending persecutions. Mr, IlnlstcRil
told tlio Chancellor that in the event
of any such demonstrations or possible
outrages against the Jews, American
public opinion would be prejudicially
influenced against Austria.
The Chancellor gave assurances to
the American representative that all
precautions hud been taken to prevent
? . ?? ?
Food Made From
Sunlight, Air and
Water at Harvard
Synthetic Sugar Is Key to
Problem ; Nature's Process
Still Is Cheaper, but Sci
ene'e Hopes to Improve
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Sept. 27. Foods
derived from sunlight, air and water
have been produced in Harvard's chem?
ical laboratory by Dr. Winthrop John
Vanleuvcn Osterhout, professor of bot?
any. Announcement of the accomplish?
ment was mudo to-day. It is a first
result of a series of experiments by
which the professor hopes to reduce
the high cost of living through
Concerning his experiments Pro fes- .
sor Osterhout says:
"Analyzing food, we learn that the
three chief components are sugar, fats
and protein. Until recently it was im?
possible to manufacture sugar synthet?
ically, but now we have solved the rid- ;
rile in several diff?rent ways. Tron rust
exposed to the prismatic rays of the :
sun through water makes formalde?
hyde, since the rays of the sun acting
upon the rust as a contact agent, mixed
with the carbon dioxide of the air, and;
water, makes this powerful chemical.
From formaldehyde certain forms of
sugar may be obtained. Other ways of
making sugar synthetically are through
the employment of ultra-violet rays,:
radium and electricity.
Plant Processes Studied
"Part of our research work at Har- j
vard's botanical laboratory has been to j
observe the process by which the plant ?
transforms the carbon dioxide gas and
water together into sugar and later :
inte? stare!1., either of which forms can !
"So much for obtaining sugar. Pro?
tein is composed of amino acids. It has
been found possible in the laboratory
to lake the carbon dioxide of the air,
water and ammonia,, which is also
found in the air in small quantities, to
form a simple kind of protein. Now,
through the combination of sugar and
protein, both of which have been manu?
factured in tin' laboratory, thi neccs
sary fat is obtained, with the resultant
Nature's System Cheaper
"Of course, one of the greatest ob?
stacles standing in the way of the pro?
duction of food through this method is
the present cost of making t?i.: sugar,
which can be manufactured as yet in
small quantities only. Our greatest
competitor in this important field is the
plant itself, which thus far undersells
the synthetic method."
Professor Osterhout. who has taught
many of the large universities through?
out the United State.-, and has attained
an international reputation as a man of
science, told of the difficulty of carry?
ing on important botanical research
with the limited equipment at Harvard,
and stated that he hoped mor.1 funds
would be forthcoming from the in?
creased endowment of $15,260,000 which
Harvard graduates will raise during the
first week in October from former Har?
vard men throughout the country and
Board Holds Meeting
The Reconstruction Labor Board'
appointed by Governor Smith met
yesterday in the Hall of Records and
organized with Lieutenant :' ? ?' '.
Harry C. Wn'l-'-r elm;.
Henry Mosknwitz "-r..-, <.,-m,.
meeting will be held next Friday in
the office of the lieutenant governor
ni Ai iju,, y, ,.
to start on a ;> .??.-.....
production and ,.,.. r.Lair, -.,.. i
Five of the nine members named by
the governor a;tended yesterday's
meeting. l'hey were Lieutenant Gov?
ernor Walker, Adjutant General
<'liarles J). H ?rry and Edward S. Walsh,
state superintendent of public work?
representing the public; Edward J.
Barcolo, of the Barcolo Manufacturing
Company of Buffalo, a representative
of capital, and W. T. Guerin, of Troy,
vice-president of the State Federation
ot ?abor, representing labor. The
absentees were James P. Holland
president of the State Federation of
Labor; Hugh Frayne, organizer of the
Federation of Labor; W. D. Baldwin,
of Yonkers, president of the Otis Ele?
vator Company, and Saul Singer,
another of the representatives of
Francis Perkins and Edward B. Jack?
son, of the State Industrial Commis?
sion, appeared and said they had been
delegated by the commission to offer
the board its power to issue subpoenas
and compel attendance of witnesses in
At the Albany meeting next Friday
Mr. Barcolo said he would present a
statement giving the view of the em?
ployers concerning the functioning of
the board. Mr. Guerin promised a
similar statement from the viewpoint
of organized labor.
industry based upon tho faithful per?
formance of contracta. There has de?
veloped among the pressmen's and
feeders' unions during the past year
and a h If, a direct-action group, which
frankly states that, they do not pro?
pose to bo bound by any contracts,
since they desire to pull out their men
whenever they think it to their advan?
tage. They take the position that any
action, legal or illegal, is justified pro?
vided it is effective in obtaining their
"Obviously no stability can be se?
cured under any suen policy. Fur?
ther, to make it possible to carry out
their programme of direct action, these
locals have committed themselves to a
policy in such defense of disciplinary
control by their national organization
that their charters, have been forfeited.
The climnx of the situation vas
reached when the local pressmen's ;in<\
feeders' unions struck in the plant of
the Publishers Printing Company upon
thi; refusal of that, company to dis?
charge men who had remained loyal to
their international union. No question
of wages, hourse or working conditions
was involved in this case.
"It is vital to the whole situation, es?
sential for the stability of the indus?
try, that no contracts be made with
any local unions not. members of an
international affiliated with the Aman?
ean Federation of Labor.
"Wo have endeavored in every way
to effect a settlement without com?
promising the fundamental issues in?
volved. The necessity of our meeting
the secessionist issue squarely has
forced us to the point where we must
close our pressrooms rather than con?
tinue under conditions which amount
to industrial anarchy."
At a meeting of I. W. W. printers,
held last night at Fourteenth Street
and Second Av?nu'j, in tile Labor Tem?
pi", George Speed, who was rece?? y
released from Fort Lcavenworth, said
in an address :
"The I. W. W. is backing the printers
in their demands on the employers.
The sooner the employer is working
for them instead of them working for
h ira the better."
Shipyards Un He
To Fight Union
Large Companies Here
Prepare for Possible
Strike of 30,000 Men.
Officers of shipbuilding concerns
with yards in this city decided yester?
day to unite in rejection of demands
for higher wages and shorter hours
I recently made by their employes. An
| ticipating u strike which might involve
nearly 80,000 men. it was said, tho cm
I ployora laid out a plan of campaign
j and arranged for the protection of
their property from violence.
The demands advanced by tho men
were formulated following the half
j day strike and retaliatory Jock-out
i which took place in the industry two
; weeks ago, as n result of the deter
; mination of the workmen to keep their
| summer Sat unlay half-holiday through?
out the year. Tin; demands were ?n
! eluded in a form of an agreement to
be enterd into Octobr 1, and effect
l ive May 1, 1920.
Among the concerns represented at
the confer?nee.-; held yesterday by the
employers were the T?dd, Morse, She
wan-, Downey and Standard shipbuild
; ing companies.
The agreement which the workmen
! demand that the employers sign would
stipulate that all employes receiving
hourly rates of HO and 86 cents shall
receive n 25 per cent, increase; semi?
skilled and unskilled work' rs an in?
crease of ~'> cents an hour, and piece
workers a 25 per cent raise. Any day
a niece worker does not make a day's
wage proportionate to those .-killed
workers paid on a flat scale, i..- pa*,
shall be base?) on an average of his
earnings for the three preceding days.
The men also demand the forty-four
hour week, doulile time for overtime,
two-and-a-half time for Sundays and
holidays, excepting Christ nat and
Labor Day, when quadruple time is
demanded. Thus, a man being paid $8
a day would receive $32 for working
on Christmas or Labor Day.
The men n!. o ?'- mand t hal an ac?
credited repr?sent?tivi r their organ?
ization shall be perm tied to enter the
company's offices and examine its
books. The ;;i" sent ug . ?? lie was
established by the United States Shij
building Labor Adjustment Board on
October 1, 1018.
Fifteen thousand workmen at the
navy yard, who threatened Friday
night to strike unies- the forty-four
hour week were granted to ?hem, wenl
to work smiling yeserday. The reason
was that or, their arrival at the yard
they were informed that JosepbUr
Daniels, Secretary of tire Navy, had
sent a i elegram addressed Co ?'
mechanics at the yard, ( Hi ig them Lo
lake Saturday afternoon off.
One of the mechanics said Mr.
Daniels had told them to inquire
among their fellow -.veri, nun and see
if there ivas a general sentiment for
a forty-four hour week. if the deci
sion of the work-in ; was I ?:? tl ?
shorter week, the mechanic said, the
Secretary r.f the Navy promis ;d Co
abide by it.
"Oh! Fourteenth," ?New York,
To Return From Rhine at Once
V. w 1 orle Tribun
HVi hii lion ?Sureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27. Members
of the old 14th Regiment, N. Y. N. G.,
now the 2d Pioneer Infantry Regiment,
at present in Germany. ar<.' to be re?
turned home at once. Senator Wads
worth was advised to-day by Adjutant
Baltimore Man Is
Accused as Agent
Of Mexican Rebels
Gates Saiil t?? Have B*-Pn
Named to Appear Befo?
the House Committee hv
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 w ir
Gates, of Baltimore, who as a ?. ?-?
before the House Rule? Cor.,
. *; In
its recent inqun ? ;jt
uation. attacked I Carrai gover?.
ment as an "outlaw " s accused 1 tat
Mexican !. being! ag at?
Mexican rebels. The eml , r||
together with docun ? . . ,'
was sent tr, ( ha rman ? ? ?? ? . ? ,.,,_v
by the State I? partmei I \'-,- ??
amining the papei - i.,, m "
bei s Baid the com? , ??
some power to ] c
(,.-. : ng their com ?
' '" ' ' ?vhat
purpoi '? -. to b< a part oi ? , - , a?
c ?rre sj ondence i . xn
Amezcua, confirm ng I
of Gates "to repi .?, ?<?
the re vol ut ion befot ? ? ' >n.
I; ???:: ? dated :?' i; ist Jul?
28, the day that Gat*
the core m il tee. H ? ?;?
at the time as an '
h id : - r'.-r [y visit* ? ". -,,',??
seldom seen by . ? :
"the president of 1 -r
t< ?-." but A nba idor B .??
the State Depai I n
ci ? ? d at th?? M "in (
? ' ark
showing wlence t <
"As the name ol ' ?
ambassador, "has i ft?
pre -s for his attacl
pi-. ?iment. : '
sion with thi ? -n?
\, I ,. ? . . VM
the ? Alfredo 'in.
' ? ? ? ? writ?
ten ? ?;; I had posted
sett their lifferenc? ?
? e ? poi ?ibli government - rr
interval n by i
Scnai rommitt? ? . ? .
? .?.!? rela ens. to From ?
Mexico Ci! ? ' '. ? - .
on of . i
th* '?' Sea?
mittee hoped M ico a
governmei ' v- ? th
her internatioi ? n
ragi ? '. 'o
? ? t? z :?? at? in
. he said Senator 1 ? -as
T h? Am? :. 'an Senate i to
acco ? ? ? em?
inent and that t?;- '1 .id
take fi itter ?? ; rt?
visional go\ ei nmenl
Expected Oct. 1
Continued from pug* 1
Machinery, Motors, Steel Tanks, Fixtures
Av TO BE SOLD BY PUBLIC AUCTION A,
fi||> BY ORDER OF AMERICAN CAN CO.. W?h
? River Street, Edgewater, New Jersey. \r
SMITH & JAFFE, PHILIP SMITH, Auctioneer,
WILL SELL TO-DAY, FRID4Y, SEPT. 5th, AT 11 A. M.,
LOTS 727 to 1006 Inc!**s-ve *nd 1500 to 1636 Inclusive,
Consist hg of
Oercland and Gridley Automatics, Blm Power Presses, <*. E. (Vntrlfugal i-'ompreuon, Stoel
and Wooden Tanks, up to 100,000 RAl.uti capacity. Milles, Englue and T?rmt Laines, Metal
Cleaners, Grinders, Drill Presses Meiers > \ ; i | .*-r : r< -? lurt- Belting, Jeffery's Oonreyera,'
Narrow GfUge Rail and Cars. Puniiu, Lift Trucks, Tools. Kr?n 5. '10 Pound S-Mle "Turniers,
Work Bern-lies ai.d Table?, Iron Legs and Fcrap Iron, large umuurit of Pipe Vain?, Klbows,
SATURDAY, SEPT. 6, at 11 A. M., LOTS 1007-1409 Inclu.ive.
Edgewater Is i>? r? --Ka \\*. ??tli 8t, New Yrrk City. Our boat w.tl leave, on sale daja from foot
nr W. 95?1 SC .-Tery ha'.f hour.
AMERICAN CAN COMPANY,
Utf Broadwaj New ?ork 1':.' :??? 6000 Rector of
SMITH &. JAF'FE, Appraisers and Auctioneer?
SALESROOM: 63 W. 4STH ST. N. Y. C!TY. VAN 0 ERBILT 1524
OFFICE: WOOLWORTH BLDG.. H. Y. CITY. BARCLAY ?I
Final Notice ?o the Public
^ Iffc ?
Between Lexington. Ave. arid Third Ave.
NEW YORK CiiY
We Vacate Our Present Premises
r 31st 1919
Our Entire collection of
ignestClass ?Period rurnture and ryrnis
ingsv Italian lardea Marb!es and Terra
Cotias, O?ods in Process at
Our Posits sue!
SpwpmI Fiirpnipsin Rf llBf?tiiMtc
Which have been held ?n abeyance during the war an:! which
we have agreed to accept for ss-ls, will be offered to the public
as they arrive.
The Whoie When AH Goods Are In
Amounting to $342,628
, h a
u? Out* y eu ??i? MW?m
STMuxz^ivrxwEP '?:<?t?Bmm'am?~iEx?~ig:;s??-?; i -ees "?Ka
The Aimone Manufacturing Company will stand back of
every sale made, and purchasers may be so assured.
All prior notices to the Trade are hereby withdrawn. An
unusual opportunity is afforded to Dealers, Decorators and
Goods purchased at th-s sale are not subject to return or
No articles sent en approval. Out-of-town purchases care?
fully packed at cost.
TERMS OF SALE ? NET CASH
SALE NOW OPEN TO THE PUBLIC