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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 11, 1919, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXX1X No. 26,658
.First tm Last-the Truth: News ? Editorimls Advertisements
?Mtmite
WEATHER
Increasing cloudiness and warmer to?
day, with ruin at night; to-morrow
partly cloudy and colder.
full "Import on I'j-i* :i
rCopyrlrht. 191?.
New York Trlhnne lnc.1
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1910
* * ?
..?.*. ^.t-w^c511" ??".realer New Vnrk und
TWO (f.SThjwiihin rommutliiR dtHtiine?
THREEf
I-.,.. .. '
Palmer Warn s Miners Com
Gompers Breaks With tfc
ft Order Will Be Enforced;
le President on Strike Issue
Lodge Wins
In Fight on
"Article X"
Democrats' Two Attempts
*>t Amending Reserva?
tion Fail; Republicans
Seem Sure of Victory
Williams Bitterlv
Pillories Walsh j
Warns Bav State Mem?
ber He Can't Be Half
Irish, Half American
.V/-?- York T^'bune
Wtfhhxgton Purr tin
WASHINGTON, N'ov. 10.?-Adminis?
tration Senaten-* ma?lp two vain at- j
tempts to-day to ?alter the reservation
on Article X of the treaty drafted by
the Foreign Relations Committee,
hich is almost identical ???ith one
which President Wilson has announced
? *.vo*u!d regard as a rejection of the
?'aris convention.
The first effort to snlit the majority
of anti-Administration forces favoring
reservation was beaten 48 to 36.
? ?ml attempt had not reached a
' when the Senate recessed to-night,
.' it seemed doomed to failure.
A speech agatnai Article X by Sena
? Walsh, of Massachusetts, stung
enator John Sharp Will:ams into un
Y on the '?!;.. .-.-..i-iiu.-'*tt-; Senator.
?'.r. Wa'sh's words, "I stand here as
ffspring of one of the oppressed
? i of Europe," were taken by Mr.
Williams as a text, on which l*e de?
clared that Mr. Walsh had no rb'ht to
"and in the Senate as anything but an j
. merican.
"Vou can't be 100 per cent American I
i 1U? per cent Irish," he declared.
You can't even be 50 per cent Ameri- l
?.n and CO per cent Irish- the one
vu'.d nullify the other and you would
?.of Tie anything at all."
Calls Williams to Account
After recalling Mr. Williams's fr??
tent boasts about his own ancestry,
!r. Walsh answered that he was pro- ;
njr merely as an American against j
???lange in the long established policy ;
?f the United States government which
ould be brought about by Article X.
Tl , first attempt to split the ma
?rity foi the Lodge reservations was
? ia.de by Senator Thomas, of l'olorcdo.
He offered as a substitute for the com
ttee reservation on Article X the I
raft written last summer by Senaten
Y? umber of North Dakota.
Right there the .Administra! ion lead
got a tremendous jolt, They had
oped that Mr. McCumber, with per
Senators Colt, NVl.-oi.. McNary
d othcra of the mi d reservationist
roup, would vote for this text. They
new that the mild reservationists ac~
lually preferred this text to the com?
mittee draft, and the Administration
trees, plus the mild reservationists,
. ould muster a majority of the Senate
McCumber Refuses Support
VIr. McCumber ?lashed their hopes.
told briefly how las', summer, when
:i* was trying l<> work out a coventn
which would permit th?- ratification of
the treaty, the Democrats had scoffed
at him, telling him they would ratify
the treaty without either amendments
? r reservations. Their intolerant atti
he said, had forced him io deal
with the Republicans, ai*l as a result
the treaty was now in such shape that
it could not be ratified at all except
with much stronger reservations than
could have been ueeept<;d last summer.
The Democrats had lost their chance
for compromise, he said, and the com?
promise hud now been written by Re
publicans, and was going through in
that form.
When the vote was taken Mr. Mc
Cumber was borne out, for every Re?
publican Senator voted against the
substitution ,and they were joined In
ns vote by Senators Gore, Reed, Smith ,
<.f Georgia and Walsh of Massachusetts, ;
from the Democratic side. The vote i
-sas 4 to 36. Senator Shields would
have voted with the majority had he
*ieen present, so that as a matter of
,'act the Republicans could have lost !
five mild reservationists and still saved
'.heir reservation.
Senator Iior.-.h then made his at
empt to strengthen the committee
reservation, as told in The Tribune
This morning, by leaving out all of the
ervation after the flat statement
hat the United States assumes no ob?
ligation t<> preserve the territorial in
7<*(critv of league members under Ar
' icle X.
Plan Proposed by Walsh
This plan was proposed by Senator
Walsh. It was to be, added to the
committee reservation, and provided
that as the United States was not |
bound to go to the assistance of other
league members in preserving their
territorial integrity, they would not be
expected by this country to aid the
I nited States should it be assailed.
This was in lin ewith a long speech
made by Senator Walsh during the
day, in which he said it was unfair for
this country to expect to be aided by
the league, when it did not propose to
send troops anywhere to aid any other
league member. Then he added'a sen
tence_ to his amendment providing that
the United States would not participate
m the league council or assembly.
Then came the second attempt to
drive a wedge into the majority com?
mitted to the Lodge reservations. This
time the effort was to get the irrecon
cilables to vote for an amendment to
the reservation which would have made
it so strong that the mild reservation?
ists, and even some of the middle of
the road group, would have been com?
pelled to vote against the whole reser?
vation, thus insuring its defeat, as it
Continued on paye four
First Water and
Land Plane Tested
Designed for Bombing,
New Machine Has a
Successful Try-Out
MINE?LA. N. Y? Nov. 10.?The first
official land test of an amphibious air?
plane of the triplano typo was made at
Mitchel Field yesterday by representa?
tives of the Naval Trial Board of Wash?
ington. The plane was produced by
the Sperry Aircraft Company and is
the first water and pland plane to be
successfully operated.
The machine was designed for bomb?
ing purposes, to bo used from the deck
of a battleship. It ha3 a wing span of
48 feet, weighs 3,700 pounds and yes?
terday carried a total load of 6,700
pounds, made up chieuy of four
"bombs" weighing 276 pounds each.
The plane has folding wheels, oper?
ated by levers. These wheels can be
dropepd when a landing is made on
land and folded when the machine
drops into the water. The body is boat
shaped.
Currying its heavy load, the plane
reached an n.titude of 400 feet and
flew at the rate of ninety-thhree miles
an hour, with three passengers. It was
piloted by Lawrence B. Sperrv. It will
be given its water test at Kockaway
Point in the near future.
m- '
Policeman Is Slain
By Negro He Arrests
Assailant Arrested Soon After
He Shoots Patrolman
John McConnick
Patrolman John MeCormick, twenty
seven years old, of 570 East 141st
Street, approached a negro loitering at
the corner of Seventh Avenue and 132d
Street lust night and informed him
that he was under arrest. The negro':;
hand flashed to his pocket and came
out with a revolver. There was a shot,
and MeCormick fell.
His prisoner was free only for a mo?
ment, for he ran into the arms of
other policemen. They found MeCor?
mick gasping out_ his life. He was
dying when ho reached Harlem Hos?
pital.
Physicians made desperate efforts to
save his life, and calls were sent
through the signal box system for po?
licemen to submit to blood transfusion.
By the time the first of the volunteers
appeared MeCormick was dead.
The negro is held in the West 135th
Street station, charged with man?
slaughter.
Woman Tries Poison on
Dog, Then Kills Self
III Health the Cause, Says Hus?
band of Mrs. Theresa
Fleming
YONKERS, >.'. V., Nov. 10.?-Harold
Culley, nine years old, entered the
kitchen of hi-; home at 364 Sout'n
Broadway here, at noon to-day and
found the housekeeper, Mrs. Theresa
Fleming, seated at the table, her hend
reining on her hands. She did not re
:-ipon?l when he called to her and pulled
:it her sleeve and he culled a neighbor,
both his parents being in New York.
Mrs. Fleming was dead. A poodle.
ii?e pet of the family, was dead in a
box beside the stove. A saucer from
which the ?log was accustomed to eat
contained the remnants of some drug.
The police believe that Mrs. Fleming
took her own life by poison, the effect
of which she tried first on the poodie.
Autopsies will be performed on both,
bodies. Mrs. Fleming's husband told
the police that she was despondent be?
cause of ill health.
Soldiers Lose Election,
Village Honor Spumed
Port Chester Service Men Want
Names Removed From Roll
in Liberty Square
PORT CHESTER, Nov. 10.?Dis?
appointed at the outcome of the elec?
tion last Tuesday in which five out
or six soldier candidates were de?
feated, ex-service men to the number
or 150 to-night petitioned tne Board of
Village Trustees of Port Chester to
remove their names from the honor
roll in Liberty S<iuare.
Inasmuch as no quorum was present
the matter was laid over until Dcdnea
day night when it will be taken up by
the board.
The resoultion stated that as the
people of Port Chester were inapprc
ciative of the efforts of their soldier
sons lighting in the world war who
"flocked to the colors," and because
they did not support them by their
votes as an evidence of that apprecia?
tion, it would be a "mockery" to have
their names on the roll of "honor.
The defeat of Edward Leibold, a sol?
dier candidate, who lost a leg in the
war, is said to have propted the action.
He ran ahead of the rest of the Demo?
cratic ticket, but was defeated by 500
votes.
-??j?-?
Motor Truck and $50,000
Worth of Films Stolen
A motor truck carrying motion pic?
ture films valued at $50,000 was stolen
yesterday from in front of a distribut?
ing agency at 729 Seventh Avenue. De?
tectives found the truck and its con?
tents in a garage in West Thirty
eighth Street, in charge of William
Brennan, of 033 West Forty-seventh
Street, and William J. Smith, of 509
West Forty-ninth Street.
Both guardians were locked up in
the West Forty-seventh Street police
station, where they were joined shortly
by Nathan Greenfie'd a chauffeur, who
is known as "Naddv" and lives at 23
East 117th Street. All three are charged
with grand larceny.
Film thefts have been numerous
lately. It is estimated that the th eves
have got away witi about $500,000
worth. ?3
Grand Jury|
Hears Enright
And 2 Others
Whaleii and Hirshfield
Also Sent For and Asked
to Waive Immunity in
Inquiry Into the B. R. T.
Correspondence
With Mayor Held
Put in Safe To Be Gone
Over To-day ; Seek Plot
to Force City Ownership
Subpena servers from the extraor
: dinary grad jury yesterday emptied the
? letter files?both personal and official?
! of three of Mayor Dylan's department
? heads and haled these officials before it.
I The descent on the city offices was
swift and unexpected. Documents
sought for examination were immedi
| ately sealed and impounded. They fill
i two strong boxes in the biggest safe
; at the Criminal Courts Building.
This was the outstanding feature
| of yesterday's investigation of th<F
S Dylan Administration. To-day no wit?
nesses will be heard. Both morning and
afternoon sessions will be consumed in
studying the papers.
Officially, no hint of the real purpose
of the investigation of the city admini?
stration has been given, other than the
; statement of Foreman ?aymond AI
| mirall in a letter to Governor Smith,
? that evidence of an "overshadowing
] crime" is sought. Unofficially, however,
1 it was declared that evidence is being
; sought to prove the existence of a
consiracy to force municipal ownership
upon the city regardless o the will of
the people.
The Officials Summoned
The witnesses summone-' to appn*".*
I before the ju-y were:
! Grover Whalen, Commissioner of
j Plant and Structures, former sec
't retary to Mayor Hyian and posses
; sor of intimate knowledge of the in
j side workings of the administration.
! David Hirshfield, Commissioner of
i Account.?, official custodian of vito. 1
? information concerning the financial
j dealings of the administration.
Richard E. Enright, Polite Commis
| sioner.
? William J. Lahey, Second Deputy
; Police Commissioner, in command
? of the Detective Bureau.
, Grant Crabtree, chief of the *?**
i reau of records o. th?; Police De
j pavtment.
George Barnit-i, former member of
j the "bomb squad."
Roger K. Walsh, chief clerk of the
i Police Department.
? Edward Hughes, former inspector
! of police, now head of a private do
; tective agency.
George Young, head of a private
detective agency that bears his name.
Al. (.'oheri, head of a private de
' tective agency.
The subpoenas of city officials direct?
ed that they produce all correspond
' once between themselves and the Mayor
since a date early in 1918. In some
cases certain contracts also were re?
quired. Along with these were private
correspondence and papers that in the
course, of routine would be seen oniv
j by the Mayor and the official to whom
? addressed.
Heads of Detective Agencies
In addition to these witnesses rep
? resentatives of practically every pri
: vate detective agency in the city have
j been called. One reason given for
i calling these men was the supposed
; desire of the jurors to learn whether
I they wore asked to furnish guards or
! Btrike-breakers during the Interbor
i ough strike. But another and more
j important reason assigned is the de
j sire of the inquisitors to learn who
? is paying the miniature army of
j "shadows" that follow ?hern to and
from home each day.
I All the arrangements for examining
the city officials who were summone?!
I were such as to prevent them from
comparing notes before entering the
Grand Jury room and after coming
out. They were ushered into sepa?
rate rooms as they appeared at the
Criminal Courts Building, and were
politely but firmly invited to make an
immediate departure from the build
ins when their examination ended.
Throughout the proceedings Fore?
man Almirall and his associates on the
jury kept their own counsel, the fore?
man directing proceedings personally.
Theoretically, James E. Smith, an as
I sistant District Attorney, is in charge
j of the proceedings. It was obvious,
however, that he was there as an as?
sistant and not as h directing head.
? Mr. Almirall Guards Sent
At the conclusion of the day Mr.
A'mirall was as careful to guard the
purpose of the present investigation
of the city administration as when the
first subpoenas were issued. It was in?
dicated, both by his actions and the re?
marks of those who are aiding him,
that it is feared a premature dis?
closure of the purpose of the jury
might result in a spiriting away of
j evidence o fimportance.
When Commissioner Enright walked
j through the corridors of the grand
] jury suite he smiled broadly and swung
! his brief case filled with papers before
those who addressed him. When he
i came out of the room twenty minutes
later, however, his face was red and he
showed evidences of anger.
The Commissioner did not wait to
be questioned about what had trans?
pired. He approached the reporters
and addressed them first.
"I was brought down here on a sub?
poena i nthe case of the People agt.
Hedley in the Interborough matter," he
said. "It had nothing to do with vice
Continued on page three
Red Agitators!
To Be Driven!
Out of City
i
Others Besides Members j
of Communist Party on
List of Those To Be Ar?
rested, It Is Announced
i
Lark in and Gitlow
Sent to the Tombs I
Held in Default of Bail;
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Issued for Others Taken
Stale and Federal authorities an- j
nounced yesterday that they had deter- ?
mined upon plans to rid New York of
radical agitators. William J. Flynn, I
chief of the bureau of investigation of |
the Department of Justice, said many
new warrants for the arrest of agita- ?
tors might be served at any time. No I
added that the Federal authorities
would not confine their arrests to mem?
bers of the Communist party.
Officials of the Lusk legislative com
mittee conferred with tin* District At?
torney's office, with i. view to present- ,
ing before a grand jury some of the
evidence seized in Saturday night's
raids. Out of the twenty-live tons of I
radical literature taken in the commit?
tee's raids, Senator Clayton Lusk, the
chairman, announced, sufficient evi- j
donee had been obtained to cause the
arrest of many more of the 7,000 mem?
bers of the Communist narty.
While thnse meausres were under
way James Larkin. the Irish agitator, |
ami Benjamin Gitlow, a former Social- ;
ist Assemblyman fron. The Bronx, who '
were among th.e 1.000 men taken in the '.
raids, were examined before Chief Mag- j
???trate McAdoo at M00 Mulberry Street j
ami held each in $15 000 bail for exam- ?
?nation to-morrow. They were charged '
with criminal anarchy.
For Publishing Magazine
Arguments were presented by Arch- j
1 bald E. Stevenson, special counsel for !
?the committee, and Samuel Berger.?
Deputy Attorney General, that by edit- '
: ing and publishing a magazine known ;
?s "The Revolutionary Age," Larkin
i and Gitlow carried on propaganda seek- j
? ing to overthrow the government. An
affidavit alleged that "Larkin and Git
i low wilfully and feloniously printed, ?
j issued and caused to be circulated a j
; publication known as 'The Rcvolution
| ary Age,' which advises, advocates and ?
; teaches the doctrine that organized
government should be overthrown by ;
! force and violence or by unlawful
i mean,".-"
! Little attention was paid by the |
| prisoner:; to the reading of the
; charges. Larkin, who had accumulated ?
an involuntary disguise in the shape
i of a hevy beard during his forty-eight
? hours in a Police Headquarters cell,
sat in a hallway smoking a pipe and
; blowing rings above the heads of spec?
tators. When Gitlow said he had noth
: ing to say, Larkin, on being asked, re?
plied: "We are two souls with but a I
? single thought:."
Taken to the Tombs
As the prisoners were taken to the
| Tombs in default, of bail, Walter
Nelles, their attorney, said: "The
, Link committee will have to lay their
cards on ?the table on Wednesday.
They will have to show on what cvi
! dente they made the arrests?.''
Larkin " and Gitlow were removed
| from the Tombs again last night and
i were closeted in the office of Assistant
i District Attorney Alexander I. Rorke
| for some time, where they were ques
Continued on next page
Palmer to Hasten
Red Deportations
Round-Up of Dangerous
Aliens Is to Continue;
391 Are ?\oiv Prisoners
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.?Deporta- j
tion proceedings have been instituted
in a number of cities to rid the coun?
try of tire violent radicals caught in
the nation-wide raids which have been
in progress since Friday, Attorney
General Palmer announced to-night.
Instructions have gone to all Depart?
ment o>" Justice agents, tho Attorney
General said, to permit no delay in in?
stituting formal hearings preliminary
to the actual deportation.
In the meantime the clean-up of the
country vvi 11 continue, Mr. Palmer said.
The number actually held on deporta?
tion warrants had reached 3!?1 to-night,
while from some cities in which radical
leaders were picked up reports had
not reached the department.
Efforts of the department representa?
tives, it was said, are being directed
more particularly at the Union of Rus?
sian Workers. This organization,
branded by the Attorney General as
the most dangerous anarchistic group
in th?? country, was said to have wide
ramification:;, with the department
agents still uncovering new evidences
of its activities.
Opinion at the Department of Justice
seems to be that the Russian union
perhaps was constituting itself a self
appointed .leader of all organizations
which are preaching the overthrow of
the government. Officials said they had
evidence showing leaders of tho union
had made overtures to other and lesser
groups of radicals to join their organi?
zation, holding out promises of re
vards when state and society are over?
thrown.
Because they are regarded ix* the
most dangerous of till radical types,
those arrested in the recent raids are
b.-ing held in $10 1-00 bail, officials
said. Peter Bianki and Adolph
Schnabel, both former secretaries of
the Union of Russian Workers, have
been held in bail of $15,000.
The following list shows the num?
ber of persons held on deportation
warrants in the various cities: New?
ark, 32; Baltimore, 9; Akron, 3^;
Monessen, Pa., '10; Pittsburgh, o;
Cleveland, 18; Buffalo, 14; Philadel?
phia, 10; Trenton, 1; Hartford, 145;
Now York, 39; Chicago, 7; Detroit, 59.
Maurer 98 Address
To Students Off
University Cancels Penn?
sylvania Labor Federa?
tion President's Speech
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 10?Permis?
sion for a meeting at the University
, of Pennsylvania at which James H.
Maurer, president of the Pennsylvania
Federation ?;.' Labor, was to deliver an
address, was to-day canceled by tho
university authorities'.
The reason given is that the students
who planned the meeting had exceeded
their authority and invited tho general
public.
In forbidding the meeting Provost
Smith of the University said:
"Originally permission had been
given to a small group of students to
have Mr. Maurer' dis-.cuss with them
certain phases of the labor movement.
But since tho, students have posted
placards, not only in the university
grounds but also over portions of
Philadelphia, the gathering has begun
to assume the proportions of a mass
meeting. Under those circumstances it
was deemed best to cancel the meet?
ing."
It is reported about the university
that the calling off of the meeting pre?
vents the carrying out of a plan by
some students to heckle Maurer.
Party Power Granted
Women by Republicans
CHICAGO. Nov. 10.?A detailed plan 1
of organization which will provide for
full participation of Republican
women in the future affairs of the
party was adopted by the Republican
N'atioaiil Committee at an informal
I meeting held here to-day.
A formal call will be issued to-mor
j row by Will H. Hays, chairman ol" the
I Republican National Committed, for a
I meeting of the committee in Washing
I ton, December 10, to fix the date and
i place for the National Convention in
1920. This was learned from authori?
tative sources to-night following an
informal session of twenty-five mem?
bers of the committee.
The plan for the participation
] of the women was recommended
i by the Republican National Woman's
j Executive Committee, of which Mrs.
j Medill McCormick, of Illinois, was
i chairman, appointed a ve?r ago to
I work out a practical method by which
j women could take an active pnrt in the
party management.
In putting this plan into effect, the
I committee to-day created a woman's
J division of the Republican National
I Committee and elected Mrs. John G.
| South, of Frankfort, Ky., chairman.
Miss Hay a Vicc-Chairman
Three vice-chairmen of the division
I were chosen as follows: Miss Mary
j Garrett Hay, of New York; Mrs. Mar
! garet Hill McCarter, Topeka, Kansas,
and Mrs. Josephine Corliss Preston,
Olympia, Washington.
An executive committee of the mem?
bers was named as follows: Miss
Hay, New York, chairman; Mrs.
Thomas H. Carter, Montana; Mrs. Mc
j Carter, Kansas; Mrs. Preston, Wash?
ington; Mrs. Fk?enee Collins Porter,
California; Mr? Raymond Robins,
'Illinois; Mrs. John Glover South, Ken-|
I tucky; Miss Maude Wetmore, Rhode
Island; Miss Bina M. West, Michigan,
and Mrs. C. A. Stevenson. Minnesota.
There will be a representative of the
woman's division in every state. In
addition there will be a national
woman's council of 100 members, the
personnel of which will be the active
! head of the woman's division.
The Republican National Committee
? in announcing the adoption of the
j plan for the participation of women in
1 party affairs said:
Most Important Factors
"It is the very earnest purpose of
the Republican national organization
to do all that can possibly be done to
make certain the full participation by
the Republican women of the country
in the party's affairs,
i "The Republican women, coming
I more and more into the rights of their
? full citizenship, are* most Important
factors in the situation. They are part
of the party membership, not a3
women, but as voters entitled to par
; ticipate, and participating insofar at
the present legal limitations permit,
just as other voters. Their activiy is
not. supplementary, auxiliary or second?
ary at all."
-?
; 253 Men Sought for
A. E. F. Service in Germany
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.?Organiza?
tion of a special engineer company "for
service with the American forces in
France and Germany for possible use in
railway operation and maintenance"
was orde-ed by Secretary Bak"r to-day.
1 The company will consist of 253 men,
enlisted for one or th ee years, as they
: prefer, and will be organized at Camp
i Humphreys, Virginia.
Victor Berger!
Denied Seat
In Congress
House by Vote of 309 to
1 Holds Socialist Un?
fit to Serve Because
of Attitude on War]
Special Election |
To Fill Vacancy!
Voight, Wisconsin Repub- \
lican, Casts Lone Bal-i
lot in His Favor;
WASHINGTON. Nov. 10.?Victor L.
Berger, of Milwaukee, Socialist, was '
denied his seat in the House to-day by
an overwhelming vote, the House hold?
ing he was ineligible for nn-mbership
because of his open opposition to the
war.
The vote to unseat Berger was 309
to 1. Representative Voight, Repub?
lican, of Wisconsin, being tho only
member tc support the Wisconsin
Socialist either during the debato or
on the roll call.
After denying the seat to Berger.
the House declared that the seat was
vacant, holding that Joseph P. Carney,
Democrat, who contested Berger's elec?
tion, did not receive a plurality in the
election last year. Without a record
vote, tho House also directed Speaker
Gillett to notify the Wisconsin Gov?
ernor of the vacancy in the state dele?
gation, ;;o that a special election may
be called to choose a new member.
Tin; resolution on which the House
acted in refusing Berger a seat fol ows
the unanimous report of the Elections
Committee reciting his alleged seditious
utterances and disloyal activities dur?
ing the war, and said:
"Resolved, That under the facts and
circumstances of this case Victor L.
Berger is not entitled to take the oath
of office as a Representative in this
Houge from the Fifth Congressional
District of the State of Wisconsin, or
to hold a seat therein as such Repre?
sentative,"
Since the beginning of the present
session in May, Berger, although never
permitted to take the oath, has drawn
the regular pay of a House member,
enjoyed the franking privilege and
maintained an office in the House Of?
fice building.
Berger iVIakes Piea
Berger, whose appeal from conviction
under the espionage act is now pending,
appeared in the House to make a state?
ment ?soon after the session opened.
Representative Dallinger, Republican,
Massachusetts, chairman of the special
committee which investigated the case,
said the only issue involved was that
of Americanism.
"It is whether a man who in 1911
took oath as a member of this House
to support the Constitution, and who,
when this country declared war against
the imperial German government, be
came the head and front of an organ?
ized conspiracy to hinder, obstruct and
embarrass this government hi its fight
for existence, should be admitted to
membership in this House," said Mr.
Dallinger. "Tho committee is convinced
upon all the facts and upon all the
precedents in this House that Victor
L. Berger should be excluded from
membership and that th<> question
should now be determined by this
House.
"In the opinion of tho committee
the House expects it.. the men who
fought for their country in the great
war expect it, and the entire countrty
expects it."
Soon after Berger began his state?
ment to the House there was much
commotion and Speaker Gillett rapped
for order several times.
When Berger condemned government
action in sending troops to Gary, Ind.,
Representative Blanton, Democrat,
Texas, insisted that Berger confine him?
self to his own activities und utter?
ances and not be permitted to criticize
the government, "especially at this
?.-ritical time."
Complains of Foreign Accent
Speaker Gillett said he had been un?
able to understand Berger "because of
his strong foreign accent."
Berger did not deny making the al?
leged seditious statements which led to
his conviction and sentence to twenty
years in Federal prison.
"Under the same circumstances," he
said, "I would say and write them all
over ?igair., only I would make them it
great deal stronger, because I have
been justified by the events since the
armistice, when the war was prac?
tically ended."
Berger characterized the espionage
act "as an infamous measure passed at
the order of American plutocracy not
to punish spies, but to hound citizens
whose opinions differed from those of
! the Administration."
i When Berger concluded, crien of
I "Vote!" came from both sides of the
Hou-ie. In the disorder Representative
i Rucker, Democrat, of Missouri, moved
? to expunge Berger's speech from "Tho
I Congressional Record."
"It is an outrage to print and circ?J
? late such stuff," ??aid he.
I "The House doesn't want to make a
i martyr of Berger.'' said Republican
I Leader Mondell, in moving to table
! Rucker's motion.
? The Zvlondell motion carried, 173 to
I 122.
Representative Walsh, Republican, of
? Massachusetts, charged that Berger
I had impugned the motives of every
: member of Congres-?, had attacked the
i President and denounced the American
| courts. Representative Cooper, Re
| publican, of Ohio, declared Berger's
; remarks were "seditious and un
? American," and constituted an un?
justified attack upon the government.
MILWAUKEE, Nov. 10.?Goverrnor
? E. L. Philipp of Wisconsin, when noti
| fied to-night of Victor L. Berger's ex
I pulsion from Congress, announced he
? wojild call a special election within a
t'eVf days to fill the vacancy.
i
Federation Chief
Asserts Democracy
Has Been Violated
French Delegale to Labor
Congress Pledges the I
Aid of All ISations to
khe Miners' Walk-Out
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.?Abjuring !
loyalty to a "temporary" administration
which violates the principles of dejnoc
racy, Samuel Gor.ipers, speaking for
American labor at a dinner given to- j
night for delegatets to the International
Federation of Trades Unions, declared:
"We are tied to no administration, but :
wo are free men and propose to exer?
cise the freedom of our judgment."
Mr. Gompers told the representatives
of foreign labor that he did not believe
a true understanding of the coal min- |
ers' strike had reached the President
because of his illness.
Responding to the American labor
leader's address, Leon Jouhaux, leader
of the French labor delegation to the
international Labor Conference, de?
clared: "If the workers of the United
States need the assistance of the
workers of the other countries they
will get it." He continued: "Frontiers
cannot separate the interest of work?
ers and private. Interests cannot sepa?
rate workers."
"Right and Justice" Sought
"We arc engaged in the greatest
work of to-day," said Mr. Gompers, "th.e
greatest that has ever been entrusted
to the common people of America?to
secure right and justic?* and a better
standard of lite and the principles of ;
freedom ana immunity.
"Whenever and wherever there is an
attempt m*id? by the employers as em
ployers or by the government as a
government to depart from the funda?
mental principles of freedom and
democracy, it i'. not only the right but'
the dj,?y of the men and women of ?
labor to stand up. and protest regard-!
less of what the consequences may be. ?
"We are living in our own time as j
best we can, but our lives are just a j
passing instant to the continuity of j
civilization and the progress of the I
world, and what matters it if you and ?
you and you and I are placed in jail i
because we have attempted to uphold
t'>e principles of freedom and justice ;
ar.d democracy? It is better that we
should have our ow:i self-respect and \
hand down to the generations yet to ;
come the principles of freedom and the
worthiness to battle for freedom than !
to die and to live an inglorious life."1 i
Believes in American Ideals
Proclaiming American labor to be in
thorough accord with American prin- I
ciples and ideals, Mr. Gompers added.: :
"We are in accord with our govern?
ment when we know that our govern- ;
ment is following out a course of jus?
tice and freedom and of human develop- ;
ment as expressed by the principles of ,
democracy. When our administration :
fails to conform to these principles and ;
when our administration for the time. .
being fails to stand for the principles |
cf democracy, then we have no alterna- ;
live but to assert that American justice
must prevail against any temporary ad?
ministration of the a flairs of our coun- ;
try.
"We are tied to no administration. '
We are free, men, and we propose to ex?
ercise the freedom of our judgment ami
our conduct and to criticize or to ex?
press ourselves in dissent from the pol- ?
icies pursued.
"?We have faith in our cause. We be- !
lieve that we are ri^ht, and that the
men and women of freedom in the !
whole world may understand that the ?
attempt to impose, upon our people a j
condition of affairs that is repugnant'
to the concepts of r??rht and of justice, ;
we, the men and women of labor, will !
stand true to the highest principles of !
justice and of right and of freedom."
De egatos attending the dinner, at j
the suggestion of Louis M. Morrones,
Mexican representative, pledged their'
support to the United Mine Workers of;
America in the present strike.
? _?-.
Sproul Warns Women
Against Separate Parly
Governor Advises Suffragists
Proposed Organization
Would Be Unwise
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 10.?Governor
Sproul. addressing delegates to the
i state convention of the Pennsylvania
Woman's Suffrage Association at a
! dinner here to-night, expressed concern
? at the reports from New York that
; certain leaders in one branch of suf
! -'rage activities were contemplating or
; ganization of a woman's party. Noth
: ing affecting one class of citizenship in
this country, he said, could fail to
! affect every other class, and it would
. be entirely unwise if the women of
, the country should set up shop by
' themselves and undertake anything
j like a party founded only upon sex
! prejudices.
-.
Peace Overtures Fail
In Spanish Loek-Out
BARCELONA, Nov. 10.?The negotia
I tion3 which were in progress between
; the employers and workmen for a so?
lution of the lock-out which has been
in progress for some time were broken
off early to-day, after ij-iseussions last
;. mg throughout the night. The em?
ployers declined to retreat from their
' original stand.
Both parties to the controversy to
' day published statements exp'aining
their respective attitudes. The work?
ers' syndicates assert that the rupture
with the employers is final.
Kalto. & Washington Sunday Excuraion via
New Jersey Central, Nov. lOih, $3.70. war
tax 30c. Lva. lAbtSSf St- Saturday midnight.
?Advt. ??
Violation of
Law Is Plain,
U. S. Insists
Men Who Conceive Reso-?
lution of Convention Is
Superior to Statute to
Discover Their Mistake
]No Labor Dictation.,
Unions Are Advised
Marshals Serve Writs on
Leaders at Parley; No
Hint Given of Outcome
WASHINGTON. Nov. 10.?Sol?
emn warning war- given the' United
Mine Workers of America to-night
by Attorney General Palmer that;
resolutions of conventions and or?
ders ot' officers of organizations are
not above the law.
Formal and final declaration of
the government's policy on dealing
with the coal strike was announced
by the Attorney General, while offi?
cers of the miners' organization at
Indianapolis wer?? struggling v\ th
the question how to answer the
court's blunt and peremptory com?
mand to rescind the strike order.
DDescribing the strike as a plain
violation of a Federal statute, Mr.
Palmer, speaking with full authority
of the government, announced that
al It he power of the United States
would be exerted to enforce the man?
date of the court.
Warns Law Ts Supreme
The Attorney General declared
"those who conceive that tit-o resolu?
tions of a convention of the orders
of the officers of any organization
in the country, whether labor organi?
zations or any other, are superior
in authority to the law of the land,
will find themselves mistaken."
Although no reference was made in
the Attorney Ge*>eral'a statement to
the pronouncement of organized labor
supporting the miner; and demanding
withdrawal of injunction proceedings,
as set forth last night by the ex?
ecutive council of the American Feder?
ation of Labor, it was evident that
Mr. Palmer had that document in mind,
and official Washington accepted his
declaration to mean that refusal of the
minors to cancel their strike order
would mear, a fight to the bitter end.
The statement foliows:
"The coal strike is :i plain violation
of a Federal statute. This has been
the government's position from tha
start. The President declared it to be
unlawful, and the court, after full
?rearing, has now declared it to be
unlawful.
Denies Right to Strike Is Involved
"All T car. saj is that the 'aw will
be enforced. This ...-.t.-.c law has been
enforced many times, and the Depart?
ment or Justice hi..-- other cases now/
pending which wer- brought under it.
The merits of the controversy between
the operators and the miners are not
involved in the court proceedings at
Indianapolis, neither i?. the right to
strike. Nothing that the government
has done is intended or ?!? signed to
have any effect upon trie recognized
rieht of labor to organize, to bargain
collectively through its unions, and,
under ordinary industrial conditions,
t<> walk out by concerted action.
"The proposal by the President of a
peaceful settlement of tho matters at
issue between the operators and th?
miners, through negotiations or arbi?
tration, -.vas rejected, and the govern?
ment, therefore, faced the alternative
of submitting to the demands of a
i single group, to the irreparable injury
of the whole people, or of challenging
! the assertion by that group of power
greater than that of the government
| itself.
Group Dictation Charged
"Confronted with such a choice, the
government's duty was perfectly clear*
i It refused to surrender to the dicta'
?tion of a group and it proposes to ts
i sert its power to protect itself and
the people, whom it is designed to
? serve. The government is no respecte*?
i of persons in the enforcement of the
| law. Those who conceive that the res
' olutions of a convention or ta* orders
1 of the officers of any organization in
; the country, whether labor organiza?
j tions or any other, trc superior ia
'authority to the law of the land, will
i find themselves mistaken.
"1 assume that the order of the
I court will be obeyed. The President'*
? offer for a peaceful settlement is still
open, and I hope that the miners and
? operators will now get together and
I settle their controversy."
There was no attempt in official o?
' labor circles to-night to conceal the
I feeling that the situation was extreme?
j ly grave and getting beyond the ques?
1 tion of a coal strike. This was due
; to the belief that the miners apparent
? ly were not of one mind on the ques?
! tion of making quick reply to th?9
I court.
Decision of Miners Awaited
All day word from the Indianapolis
meeting was awaited with intense in*
terest and axiety. Some labor leaders
had predicted the mandatory orde*
would not be complied with, and tha?
the strike order would stand until
passed upon by the same deleaate con-?
vention which arbitrarily rixedlthe dat?j
for the nation-wide wulk-ouj* unlosj?

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