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FlMt to Last?the Troth: News?Edi?
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WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 12, 1919.
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MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Aaaoelaied Press la ezclualre'y entitled to the
! nao for repuhilcait.'n of all news dtspatchea credlteil
I to l! or n,>t othemu erod'tod In :!. - paper, anil
L tlao the local 3cwa of spomaneou? origin published
All rtirht? of reptiWlcation of all other matter
herein are a!ao revived
Said John L. Lewis, acting presi?
dent of the United Mine Workers,
when announcing a withdrawal of
his strike order:
"We comply with the mandate of
the court. We do it under protest.
Wc are Americans. We cannot fight
tv.r own government. That is all."
Assuming the sincerity of the
words, a great victory has been won
?a greater victory than perhaps in
now realized. This victory is for
the public. It is also tor the miners.
Foiled in their immediate objec?
tive 'and victims of weaknesses inci?
dent to human nature, the miners
are likely to feel bitterness, but in
a cooler mood they v/ill recognize
what they have gained.
The coal mines are marked and
.sealed as public property. No one
oan arbitrarily shut them?if not
the miners, then certainly not their
nominal owners or operators. Think
what this implies!
In times past mine workers have
complained that their lives and
energies "were at the disposal of
men whose chief interest was in
profits. The era is over. The own?
ers and operators henceforth are to
be merely agent;' with qualified
The public, speaking through
boards of mediation arid adjust?
ment, is to fix the wages and the
labor conditions of the miners; per?
haps not in theory, but in fact. Is
there any reason for miners to
fear injustice? If their hearts are
heavy at the moment, let them re
fleet on whether or not other men ?
find the public niggardly.
Not knowing it yet, the miners
have secured th< nationalization of
.he coal mining industry, with re?
spect to matters in which the miner;
is chiefly interested. So, in spite of
himself he lias gained a great
triumph. Already, in the guise of
mediating, the government has em
harked on action that involves tak?
How the new system will work
r.o one, of course, is able to say.
The consequences of public control
of the railroads have not been such
*s to hold out alluring prospects.
Public ownership tends to stop pri?
vat?' initiative and to load burdens
on those not publicly employed. But
for good or ill a basic industry
passes to a new phase.
It is within the power of the
miners to make it. successful or a
failure. If there is sloth* if effort
is to diminish production rather
than to increase it, if the outside
public is deemed a milk cow to be
drained and seldom fed, neither the
owner nor any one else may expect
toi prosper. Su great is the need to
shpke off ideas inherited from a time
when any addition to wages or any
diminution of product per worker
was regarded as so much taken from
the profits of the boss!
In other aspects the surrender
promises great Rood. The public
has vindicated its authority. An
army of 400,000 throws down its
f.i*ms to it. Not only this, but its
leader announces thai the govern?
ment is his government. Tell this
in Russia, proclaim it on the streets
cf Moscow, s< ar it into the minds
of. all domestic disintegrators.
Surely i, is an inspiring spectacle
when vast numbers of men bow to
the moral authority of a court even
when uttering a judgment that is
vehement ly condemned.
Better Budget Methods
At the first of a series of meet?
ings at the City Club Dr. Charles A.
Beard, director of the Bureau of
Mun;cipal Research, and Leonard M.
Wallstein, counsel to the Citizens
Union, criticized the methods of pre?
paring and publishing the city bud?
get. Dr. Beard said it was not
a budget at all. but merely an act of
appropriation. He urged a budget
kthat would show not only the ex
?pected revenues and expenditures,
^but capita! outlay. The suggestion
is excellent, but the city has not yet
attained the modest aim of- a real
carrent expense budget, The last
Legislature refused to remedy ob?
vious defects, and it is not certain
iJio Legislature of 1920 will treat.
the city with greater kindness.
The purpose of a budget is to
check extravagance and keep officials
within a charted course. Where
there is a will to extravagance the ?
budget is not in the way Nobody
expects miracles from a budget sys- j
tern. Ifttdeed, as budgets are made,'
i up by tho Hylan administration,
! judging by the two for which it is
responsible, it seems to be too much
to expect even information on the
s? bjcct of the budget.
One great need now is ?greater
publicity, so that the changes made
in the budget will be apparent and
not hidden, as at present, in a bulky
j volume that discloses nothing by
| way of comparison. The greater
j the exposure of budget contents the
| better budgets the public may ex
j pect and the greater the difficulties
for political tricksters, who look
upon a budget only as a means of
secret partisan reward.
The budget, even as now made, is
an improvement over the appropri?
ation method. Under present law
| publicity is attainable through the
i discretionary power of the Board
j of Estimate. But the people see
that boards of estimate come and
I go and that some are frank and
j others covert. So it is well to
j enact compulsory legislation. A bill
j to that effect is to be introduced in
| the next Legislature, backed by a
! number of organizations.
The Message of Peace
It is a confused and tangled world
: we live in a year after the day when
the Great War came to an end. It is
\ good to hark back to that clear hour
when, for all the din and terror,
issues were simpler and the path for
ail Drave and honorable men lay
. straight as a bullet's flight. Not
for its gift of peace but for its mem?
ories of the great days then ended
Armistice Day yielded a solemn and
The Great War has ended, but the
Lesser Wars have begun?rather,
have never ceased. And t?> the clear,
simple issues of the war have suc?
ceeded the beclouded and puzzling
problems of what we conventionally
call peace. We have learned some?
thing in this year of the armistice.
But surely it is not that peace in?
evitably brings repose and comfort
and happiness and progress in its
We ??re beginning, in fact, Lo re?
alize that war and peace are not
terms in utter opposition, like black
and white. There can be war, war
of the deadliest, most destructive
character, in time of peace. There
can be serene and lofty islands of
happiness and even vast and swift
progress in time of war. Neither
word holds an answer for human
aspirations. Only what we do in
war, our motives, our courage, our
goal, counts. Only what we do in
peace, our works of justice and wis?
dom and fairness, counts.
Armistice Day should mean to us :
not an easy and conventional hur?
rah for peace. If it is to aid in our
iives the least, we must recall in it
the great virtues of war, of those
who fought and bled and died, and :
seek with every endeavor to keep
aiive in our labors of peace their
clear and shining spirit. Only so ;
can we carry forward their work and !
profit by their example.
Muddled by a Metaphor
What is the point in the violent
attacks made in the Senate on the
majority reservation to Article X?
Why should Mr. Hitchcock and his
followers, who themselves voted on
Monday for the original McCumber
reservation, denounce the majority
reservation as "destructive" and as
"a knife thrust" at the covenant?
The McCumber reservation puts
exactly the same limitation on the
employment of the forces of the
United States as the majority reser?
vation does. Those forces cannot be
used unless, in each ?specific case,
Congress authorizes their use. That
is a restriction embodied in the
Federal Constitution. Everybody
knows that it exists. The President
has admitted that the Executive is
not. compelled to transmit league
recommendations to Congress and
that Congress is not under ai.y obli?
gation, moral or legal, to act in ac?
cordance with them.
What, then, is the argument in the
Senate <*.ll about? It has been mud?
dled by a metaphor. At Salt Lake
City a few ??ays l>efore his collapse
the President read into his speech
what is now practically the majority
reservation to Article X. He made
the comment, on the spur of the mo?
ment, that such a reservation would
"cut out the heart of the covenant."
If he iiad recalled his admissions to
the Senate Foreign Relations Com?
mittee at the conference of August
19 last he would never have used so
misleading and injudicious a figure
of speech. He has never yet ex?
plained (and his followers cannot
explain) how the majority reser?
vation invalidates any covenant obli?
gations which the United States
should have been expected to assume.
Our government is barred from
: making promises to use its military
i.nd naval forces to enforce Article
X, except on specific authorization
from Congress. If it can make such
promises, then the covenant has
superseded our Constitution. Pos?
sibly some of the other members of
the league may believe that the
United States will tacitly amend the
Constitution when it subscribes to
' its covenant. If such false hopes
! exist it would be uncandid on our
part to encourage them by refrain- i
ing from giving the notice contained
alike in the McCumber reservation
and in the majority reservation.
Our adherence to Article.X is
necessarily conditional and circum?
scribed. The President has repeat?
edly admitted that. Why all this
uproar against the majority's action
in calling the attention of our league
associates to an undisputed fact?
The Evening Poat, among the
newspapers which have steadily con?
fused th? public, now concedes the
truth. Speaking of the majority
reservation, it declares: "The argu?
ment, that the proposed reservation
is an indirect method of killing
Article X will not hold in face of
the record." Who will be the next
to own up? The opposition to the
reservations for the greater part is
fraudulent and may be assumed to
be based on partisanship.
A Breach of Etiquette
An international labor conference
called under the provisions of the
j Versailles treaty, although that
i treaty has not yet gone into effect,
j is sitting in Washington. The United
States is not represented in it offi?
cially. In a technical sense, at least,
it is an alien body meeting at our
Many of the members of the con
? ference were present at a dinner
Ion Monday night at which Mr.
j Gompers attacked the Administra
i tion for enforcing the law against
the officers of the coal miners'
! unions. Some of the foreign visitors
\ publicly expressed sympathy with
I Mr. Gompers's views. According to
?dispatches from Washington, "dele
! gates attending the dinner, at the
| suggestion of Louis M. Morrones.
Mexican representative, pledged
| their support to the United Mine
Workers in the present strike."
The indiscretion is obvious. The
coal strike was a domestic matter.
: It raised questions not appropriate
for discussion by members of an in?
ternational conference. As quasi
guests of the government, comment
or action by conference members
disapproving the government's policy
j was, to say the least, in glaringly
The procedure of the delegates
who pledged support to an unlawful
strike on the point of being aban?
doned by its promoters ought to be
promptly disavowed by the conf?r?
ence. Comity demands such a re?
traction. And this injudicious in?
trusion into a purely domestic affair
must raise unpleasant suspicions of
what is to be expected of the inter?
national labor annex to the league
of nations unless its functions are
limited by reservations.
Count Cze nin's Testimony
The recollections of Count. Czer
nin, tho late Austro-Hungarian For?
eign Minister, now issued at Vienna
in hook form under the title "In the
World War," continu the world's be?
lief of where lodges the responsibil?
ity for the war. Germany's govern?
ment was the guilty one.
The recently published Austrian
Red Book disclosed a desperate at?
tempt of the present German-Aus?
trian government to exonerate Ger?
many by concentrating all responsi?
bility on the defunct Austro-Hun?
garian r?gime. The Kaiser and the1
generals an?! statesmen of the Pots?
dam clique wiM'" pictured as mere
tools in the hands of the Austrian
Foreign Minister, Berchtold. This
is so at variance with evidence so
far established that, there was no
danger of its being accepted.
But CzerahYs testimony further sus?
tains the view generally prevalent
that the r?les were just the reverse
?that it was the German militarist
clique which willed the war in the
first place, and that Austro-Hun?
garian statesmanship, although it?
self by no means averse, was partly
humored, partly bullied into the
fatal step against Serbia.
Czernin names Herr von Tschir
schky, at the time German Ambas?
sador to Vienna, as among "the few
statesmen who in the summer of
1914 hoped for war." He says;
"There can be no doubt whatever
thai the keynote of all Herr von
Tschirschky's private utterances at
this time was "now or never.' And
il is certain that the German Am?
bassador declared his own opinion
that at the moment Germany was
prepai'ed to support our point of
view with all her moral and military
power, but that it appealed to him
doubtful whether this would con?
tinue to be the case if we pocketed
the Serbian rebuff."
Czernin expresses his persona] be?
lief that in his vehement attempts to
"wake up" Austria Tschirschky re?
peatedly exceeded his instructions,
and quotes 'the Magyar Premier,
Count Tisza, in support. That may
be so and may not, but it should be
, pointed out here that this "now or
! never" attitude charged by Czernin
to Tschirschky's private account
was, according to the testimony of
the Austrian Red Book itself, in ac?
cord with the official standpoint of
the German government, summed up
in the report of the Austrian Am?
bassador, Count Sz?gyeby, as fol?
lows: "Should Vienna recognize the
absolute necessity of military action
against Serbia it would be deplor?
able if Austria-Hungary would fail
to utilize the present moment, so
favorable in itself."
Altogether we may agree with
Count Czernin's qualifying remark;
that "an ambassador's private opin
ion is, in certain circumstances, not i
easy to dissociate from his official i
view." Herr von Tschirschky, in
urging Austria into war, may have I
"exceeded" the letter of his inatruc- '
tions?he carried out their spirit
only the more faithfully.
Brother Anderson, of the Anti
Saloon League, heatedly denies that
he opposed Mr. Haskell because "he
voted against prohibition in Con?
gress or favored a referendum."
Those offenses, it would seem, might
have been overlooked had he not
"dragged"?this is the word used?
"tho Anti-Saloon League into his
campaign." Mr. Anderson, man of
most affluent modesty, does not ?ay
the dragging in aforesaid involved
the state superintendent of the
league. But there is no reason why
j others should be unjust to him. Let
i the full truth shine. Be for or
i against prohibition or a referendum,
! but at your peril make faces at the
! Anti-Saloon League or its superin
i tcndental embodiment.
Victor Berger was not only con-*
! victed of violating the espionage act,
| but has refused to repudiate the
| utterances for which he was con
j victed?says that under the same
i circumstances he would make them
! again. So the Hou.-.e had no choice
but to refuse to seat him. Men who
j hatA our institutions and govern?
ment may not be trusted to become
their guardians. Here would be an
; absurdity akin to naming a cat to
look after the Welfare of mice.
House and Other* Wives
| A Bachelor From England Deplores
a Confusing Title
To the Editor of The Tribuno.
Sir: I have read with amusement the
letters appearing in your people's
column relative to the title of "House?
wife." Now, may I, an unmarried man,
express my opinion^ and ask for some
, First, can any one tell mc just why
| that unlovely name was ever wished
upon the American husband's wife?
Who was the guilty party, knowing that
it is a direct derivation from the German
"Hausfrau," while the old English and
Scotch name for the partner of our
joys and sorrows was "Gudo wife," and
how much nicer. What a pretty com?
pliment fo the wife! Now why, Ameri?
cans, did you drop the more pleasing
title of your own English-speaking peo?
ple to adopt the German idea of a
To me, an onlooker, "housewife" al?
ways suggests drudgery. In my mind's
eye 1 imagine a steel-ribbed, iron-clad
woman, with hair screwed into a hard
knot, and with skirts well twisted around
her shanks, vigorously scrubbing the
mop boards or dusting the ceiling, with
scowling face over the washtub, always
serving an admirable meal, of course,
but minus the cheery, homey atmos?
phere that the less particular and even
disorderly little fluff distributes about
Another argument, Americans. Why
has it never occurred to you that the
name "housewife" has a plural sound?
For example, we say a "traveling sale ;
man" to designate him from other sahu?
men. Arid "housewife" implies thai
t'nere may be a wife out of the house.
such as an automobile wife, or a sea?
faring wife, or a theater wife. Where we
used to say "the working girl goes to
work," new we say "the business woman
goes to business," and justly so. Why
should they not use the more dignified
mode of expression about their daily
life'.' B. L. LANGTRY.
Brooklyn, N'ov. 5, 1919.
A Belated Rainbow
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Wonderful ! w onderful ' ' news.
One tar, hardly believe his eyes in read?
ing the headlines in 1..-day's papers.
"la S. to Deporl 200 Agitators" runs
one. "Federal Judge Ordeis Withdrawal
Strike Order of 400,000 Miners" say?i
another. "Ole Hanson Attacks Gom
pers?Says American Federation of La?
bor Is Being Turned Over to the Reds";
1.7 S. Senate committee investigating
steel strike calls it "Industrial Barbar?
After months of strikes throughout
our beautiful country, after untold loss
of money and great suffering, after
waiting with the patience of Job, hoping,
begging and praying for action and re?
lief, we sec a ray of sunshine here and
there. For al] true Americans these
rays of sunshine, let us hope, are true
tidings of great joy and a rainbow of
great promise. Let us trust, now that
we have started, that no red tape, no
technicalities, no politics will stand in
the way of swift deportation of this
gang of ungratcfuls, but that they will
be moved on the fastesf and largest
boat we can find to their favorite e?mes,
if,they really have any. ?). A. G.
New York, Nov. 10, 1919,
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir; Several days ago yen print? .1 ;.
statement from Mr. Gompers charg?
ing that the forelgn-:unguage press
had long endeavored to prejudice the
cause of organized label-. "Such news?
papers," he declared, "are suborned
and subsidized by the financial inter
ests, and especially by the United
States Steel Corporation."
In Bellamy's "Looking Backward,"
supposed to be a record of conditions
in the year L'000, he says \.hat history
proved that the radical elements were
rinanced by the moneyed interests, be
; cause they could do more than any?
one else to harm' labor. This is rather
interesting in view of the fact that
Bellamy's hook was written over thirty
years ago. yet was never of such vital
interest as it is at this moment.
K. R. WALL.
New York, Nov. 6, 1919.
A Law and Order Ticket
To the Edito:- of The Tribune
Sir: Republican nomination-, for
1920: For President, Judge Anderson,
of Indiana; for V ice-President, Gov?
ernor Cojlidge of Massachusetts.
Platform: Law and order as pre?
scribed by the Constitution of the
United States of America.
New York, Nov. 10, 1011),
The Conning Tower
POT ROAST AND NOODLES
I ait al a tabl? of marble anrl wood.
With toothpicks and pniP'r anrt aalt:
The thine? on the menu are many and goad.
(Dut, Uicn, I so seldom rlud fault.)"
Th? waitress ber/ds over the back of my
With manner aa soothing as salve ;
Her left hand austerely caresses her hair
As she asks what I'm going to have.
I gay.? at the grry in the opposite seat.
Whose heard makes his face like: a poodle's?
(It's highly amusing just watching him eat).
And I order some pot roast and noodles.
I swish those grand noodles In gravy that's
While grunts of enjoyment I ntter :
1 love mashed potatoes that tenderly stick
To my knife and get. mixed wi?lh the butter.
Then bring on the pay check ami punch
(I'm rich?I'm worth oodles and oodles.)
And gimme a butt. Gee, I'm glad I'm alive I
And lit to eut pot ron^t. and noodle?.
San Francisco. Sam till,!..
Mr. Barney Bernard, h?3 managers
' nay, is thinking of playing Shylock.
? After so many years of Abe Potash, one
i doubts whether Mr. Bernard could do
I it, especially as written. It is con
j ceivable that Mr. Montague Glass
I might rewrite not only "The Merchant
! of Venice," but also other Shakespeare
! playa, yhylock might say: "Nu, three
I thousand ducats is anyhow three thou
! sand ducats. . . . Look here, An
' tonio, you roscker, lots of times you met
'? me in the subway and called me names
yet, you loafer. And now I should
lend you money. An idea!"
?lam?ct'a soliloquy, obviously, would
begin: "Is it oder ain't it? A question!"
"To Sit in Solemn 8iience"
S'asseoir en s?rieux silence dans nn bane
Dans tine pestllentlell? prison <ous clef
toute la vie.
Attendant la sensation d'un vite tranchant
D'un couperet a bon march? chez un Brand
noir bloc 1 Ramsat
"You know, I suppose, that the
' Knights of Columbus, the American
1 gentry who handed round smokes and
doughnuts in the trenches-, are all
called 'Casey.' Nobody knows why,
but it's universal."?The Sketcn.
.Some of our -shrewd detectives arc
at work on the mystery, and one of
them thinks he knows why.
it is taken from a ?tory about
American ?.lang, the preceding from
the London Sketch. And it ends with
n story about, u New York waiter:
"The waiter went and returned:
'Plca.se,' said he. 'the bartender guesses
we don't make that drink in New York.
Guess this ice water will do for you!'"
Our guess is that the Sketch woulti
better guess again.
HYMNS OK HATE
And kindly crush with full completeness
Edna, who hails each male with "Sweet?
r:n r, Tin- Bki i IGEREN r,
May Charon take abonni his ferry
Who calls an egg a cackle-berry
K. N. C.
Consign to jail vine! frequent beatings
The sjmji who sweetly murmurs "Grectins
If Borne kind cop will lend his billy
I'll bun the boob who goes to "Philly "
And may in lingering tormenl die
Who say* he lives in "Good old Chi
On franklin's head I'd like to drop
A brick. He answers me with "Yop!"
Harry, my husband, I'll leave some day.
He always calU you A. P. A.
EST HEB A.v.v.
The lad I'd like to choke an hour
Is always reading The Conning Tower.
The dame who should this vale, be quitting
Is 3he who says, "I've brought my ker
ntttinii " 0. K. P.
Ever su many persons voice their
irritation at the publication of Hymn.:
of Hate; and ever so many others say
they like them. We shall discontinuo
them soon; not because some don't
like 'em, nor because sonic do, but be?
cause too many hymners send in hates
that have been hymned; mid we can't
Until my l&mp and I stood close together
by the gift??,
I had not ever noticed that T was a comely
My aunts had always nodded
"Sweet .child :
She ha;i a gentle soul
And so one nighl
1 took tli" lamp and said
"I'll look tipoii my gentle soul
Before I go to bed."
I could nol find it. no.
But gazing hard. I spied
Something much more plea: inn
'?VI.i e-armed, amber-eyed.
For m i looked I seemed to te ??
Warm i\n,n<l? upon my brea -
When- never any bands ; it m ne
Were known to rest.
And a- I looked, my startled ihous
Lifted in happy flight
And c .-?e?i like mad butterflies
About the lii?ht.
t went -o l.-ed without my sou!
1 bad i?o mind to care ;
For a very joyful little sin
Slept pillowed on my hair.
I -went to bed without my soul
Whai difference to me?
? had a? joyful little sin
That is what rame of listeiling
To aunts who always lied.
They never told me that I was
White-armed and amber-eyed.
J Hii dei ;:.'i e I 'la.n.nj?e,
The Department of Justice had its
agents, we hope, at Princeton last Sat?
urday. Thus the Evening Mail's eight
column streamer: "U. S. to Deport
'Red' Agitators; 500 Seized in Federal
Raids; 40,000 at Tiger-Harvard Game."
A Princeton alumnus got us four
tickets for Saturday's game, "but only
on condition," he says, "that you bet
"Life," said Se?or Ib??ez, "is like a
ship. We arc all fellow passengers,
sailing the same stormv sou."
We are. we are. And the captain
says it's the roughest trip he can re?
Most ot' us, by the way, haven't
enough to tip the deck steward.
P. F, A.
Foremost in Recovery, Though Worst Devas?
tated, Her Experts Tell I^abor Conference
By Chester M. Wright
\W TASHINGTON, Nov. 10.?"There
\\f Is no Bolshevism in Belgium."
Or, an the Belgian dele?
gates, in chorus and with rapid-fire
earnestner-s, put it: "Pas do Bol
[ ehevismo dnns Belgique!"
Attending the International Labor
| Conference here, the Belgians tell no
? tale of despair, but describe, through
; their experts, a nation foremost in
! recovery from war's devastation,
! though trod upon with the most vicious
j ness by the invader.
The Belgians, in response to ques?
tions about conditions in taeir home
' land, insisted that the questions be
t placed bet?re them in toto, where
I upon they divided them among their
experts for careful study and reply.
Coal Production Up
Answered in that precise manner,
with* a mass of government data from
which to draw, the questions may be
taken as having brought out a thor?
oughly reliable statement of the pres
I ent social and industrial condition of
These are the outstanding facts:
Belgian coal production has been
brought back to 87 per cent of tlu
The big diamond cutting industry
: of Antwerp has completely recovered.
Unemployment has been all but
solyed; at the close of the war there
were 900,000 men drawing unemploy
: ment benefit, while to-day there art
but 200,000, with the number goint
The cost of living has been driver
I down. At one time the price love
! went up to 1,100, a?i compared to 10(
in pre-war times, while to-day it i.
254, about on a par with the Ameri
can figure. At the time of the signini
, of the armistice it wa? 700.
Rebuilding of homes is going for
' ward under a union of municipalities
: through which the best architect!
are employed. State aid is extendei
to municipalities, while refugees ar?
brought back with money accumulate?
- the "King Albert Fund."
. * alto not. Teamicork
There has been ;i sinking of diiTer
enees in industry and politics tha
ha* resulted in national teamwor
for the regeneration of the country.
Collective bargaining has been es
tablished, disputed points to b
settled after impartial inquiry.
A political balance has been Be
cured by which all parties are work
ing together in the government, eve
in the face or u political campaign.
That, in brief, is the situation 1
Belgium as described by the Belgia
group through Lieutenant A. 1
Waufcers, spokesman, after the expert
had compiled the information.
Belgian coal mining has so far n
covered from w<?r's effects that lo
ara,le coal is being exported. Th
iron and steel industry is not recove;
?ng as rapidly as the Belgians ha
expected, but due to no fault of Be
gium's. Germany, in the treat
agreed to supply Belgium with a ce:
tain quantity of gas coa!, but she hi
not delivered the product. None <
this coal is produced in Belgium, ar
until a supply from abroad can 1
had the iron and steel industry wi
lag behind the program.
In ' the diamond cutting it a.a a
there is revealed a sidelight on Ge
man character, German profiteers a
i uying diamonds in large quai ';,ii
in Belgium in ord? ; lo a\ ?.id 11
le. 1" - un profit -? eoted bj the
In reducing the cost <.r living Ik
gium lias made large use of the c
operatives for which Belgium w,
noted before the war. The c
operatives continued to I'uncti?
throughout, the war, and at its co
elusion were still reaching practical
the entire nation. '['hey v.ere givi
priority in the right t.. repurcha
300,000,000 francs' worth of Americi
army supplies which the Belgian go
eminent took over at Antwerp v.h
the German machi-.?? collapsed. '1
coopera! ?ves w ere found <a' , -j....,
value, because in many localities ?
The "Dry" Side
'ID tie- Kditor o? tin Ti ibun
Sir: The An! i-Saloon 1 ? . ,
of mind being .vhinp : ;.. order
uccompl ;? om< ;i; ing i,..'.-, imp ia.
in tie- future, but it does object
being mi: represented ; ? to the oc?
jion of the on; rovei ? v. In view
repeated misrepresentation and c<
sequent general misapprehension
the real fact,, I respectfully requ
the publication of this letter to get t
It is not true that the Anti-Sal(
League opposed Mr. Haskell because
voted against prohibition in <longr
.?r because he favored ;. referendt
Ir did not oppose him ;.! all until
dragged nor only tin. prohibition ?si
but the Anti-Saloon 1. ag ic into
campaign. The league ;hen had
choice of remaining silent and ha\
Mr. Haskell and his "wet" hack
continue the claim that the league I
secretly opposed him ami that hfs pr
able nomination and election wert
repudiation of prohibition, and
nothing out of it in the way of c?
pensatiun for the cause, or else of
ceptinu- the challenge and usintc
Haskell incident to arouse Brook
on law enforcement. We chose
latter, and in two months have d
more to wake up Brooklyn on the r
hibition issue than ?aid been done
twenty years. And ?ve made the "wc
pay for it.
The statement that Mr. Hn.-keil
feated the Anti-Saloon League
70,000 is absurd. Mr. Haskell lia
plurality of about 70,000 over b
Democrats, but as one of them was
"wet" as he, and as the "wet" Di
ocrat and the one supported by
prohibition forces received about
usual channels of distribution bad
| been destroyed completely. Tbc small
! stores of pre-war day? had vanished
from many communities, and in a
number of cities all buildings of e^ry
kind had been destroyed, as in Menin,
where eight hundred houses - all there
So effectively has the cost of living
' been brought within bounds that to-day
I Belgium is almost the only'one of
! the Allied countries without a ra
1 tioning system of any kind.
Bread coats 8,r> centimes a kilo. This
lis about 17 cents for two pounds, at
' pre-war exchange rates, but at present
I rates is less than 10 cents, a figure
lower than obtains in the United States.
Belgium has put an effective stop to
industrial disputes, though she makes
nc pretense of having done more than
arrange for a peaceful reconstruction
period. When the armistice was signed
? the central committee of the trade
! unions formulated conditions upon
1 which Belgian workmen would under?
take continuous work. Three demands,
?considered fundamental, were agreed
; upon. These were:
1. A wage increase of TOO per cent
,over pre-war rates, with a minimum of
one. franc per hour for unskilled work
and 1.25 francs for skilled labor. A
: franc is equal to a trifle more than
2. The universal right-hour day.
3. Recognition of the unions and col?
tt v.u., stipulated that the minimum
rates were to apply to men over twen?
ty-one years of age. While the wage
figure agreed upon would be regarded
as low in the United States, it runs as
high as 150 per cent over wages fre?
quently paid in Belgium before the war.
Because of the conditions that exist,
and in spite of the fact that Belgium
is the only nation which in modern
timers ha.?*, experienced a .successful
genera] strike, there is not in Belgium
any ??arty demanding "direct action."
Th<- political field has been -sub?
jected to the same generalship, or to
the same common demand for sup
pression of special rtterests. Be?
tween Socialists an.i clericals there
7s ;:? deep-seated opposition, religious
and political, but their difference does
not prevent them from working to?
gether in King Albert's Cabinet. in
addition to Bertrand. Socialist Ministor
of State, there aro in the Cabinet
Edouard Anseele, Flemish representa?
tive from Antwerp, and Emile Van
derveldte, president of the Interna?
tional Socialist Bureau. Anseele was
one of the first hostages taken by the
Germans when they took Antwerp. His
courageous resistance to German
blandishments and threats made him
a hero among his own people.
The healing effect of the war in
political life has extended beyond the
Cabinet. The German invaders made
every effort to effect a breach between
Walloons and Flemish. The breach that
naturally existed before the war, how?
ever, has been almost healed. The de?
mand for a Flemish university is about
to I"- realized. In ??till another direc?
tion improvement has been wrought.
Between clerical and lay school and
bel ween French and Flem ish !..
the conflict raged in pre-war days.
This gave to Belgium a high rat? ?
lliterae* . G? rman propaganda : lad?
he nn ? of the <it a La or made
.'..- of l lie . mdii ions of its
of the government an increase in edu?
cational facilities. The result is an
a.via/.?hk' advance in education, with
co m p u 1 .--?> ry atiendan -:e.
The Belgians realize that the re?
building of their stricken lam? is but
well under way, but they believe that
in national cooperation they have
found the way to get the best and
quickest results. They have put their
national house in such order that there
is less of industrial dispute, less ?>;
? xtortion mi?) less or' all manner of
grtjup rivalry and exploitation than
any other war-torn nation enjoys. That,
is the story produced by the experts
Belgium iias sent to Washington.
-ame vote, where ts the repudiatioi
prohibition? Mr. Haskell's victory
the extent of his lead over the highe
cs ndidat? of his ov, n party, ,vho w? i ?.
porl :. i.;, the "drys." This : 10,000 il
? . gures. Granting, for th sake oi
argt ment, thai it wa j a repud at io?
both of prohibition and the A-,: .-Salo. ?
League, that margin of le s than I p, r
cent of the total vote is the best shov
ing ever made by the "drys" ii
large city in America in th? irsl 1 ne
up o? test of strength,, as the c :
have been not only conceded to be
"wet" but strongly "-.vet."
One year ago Brooklyn ga' e . ... er
plurality than this for a "wet" Go
ernor, and we were told that pr I
had been repudiated and was dead.
Bu ratification went through as .. Re?
publican party measure, and the Repub?
licans, with the open, blanket indorse
m? nt ( *\ ? Anti-Salot n Li agu? . ? hich,
:' I.as been said, is fatal, wer- : ol uiiij
not repudiated but gained sonn fifteen
members of the Assembly, thus giving
?un indirect referendum on ratification
and proving that the Republican Leg?
islature represented the people of New
York in putting through ratification as
a party measure.
WILLIAM H. ANDERSON,
State Superintendent Anti-Saloon
League of New York.
N't ?? York, Nov. 7, 1919.
Th Ci ?. ? .,..?? - ;...,,!,.,
Presidenl Carrunua has issued a
statement in, which he says he will keep
hands off during the ensuing campaign
for the Presidency of Mexico. Most of
the aspirants will assist him in this
irenerous policy by maintaining a safe
distance from the capital until the elec?
tion is over.
Wherein a German Visito
Taftes Leave of America
To the Edi*or of Th<- Tribune.
Sir: Just a few more day- and (
:'nall be happy to l?a'.e your eountr
m one of the fir-t, f ?lowing you
often repeated advice that ever]
man better seek other quarter*. ??
eours" you failed to comprehend
the oceans were closed to us, as wr';
a', other countries-- bordering on you
own, in particular Mexico, owinp i.
your government's restrictions Is
I shall sail away and I assure yo
many hundred thousand-, will f ,'a
with hatred in their heart* Co Ki
On our homeward voy 5 agsii
will have the doubtful prvrileg< ?
mi; your Statue of Liberty, but
vi will nee the old '.??!y -.;th a
ciou- grin on her face tiying ???
br.ek her l3Ufchter at tie- tot
expected to find America th?
opportunity and freedom.
In Germany I have a mission to p?
I shall undertake to exp?a n
Urge audience why thej
away from this country.
I shall describe the Buffering
humiliations, your fans" cal
manufactured patriotism which w< '?
mans and German-speaking people
Last year your countre, the .-?
called "land of the free a:i?l the ;
oi the brave," lynched sixty-two
man being-;, among them I'ra>rei a a
fifty-eight negroe?. Some cay. nd th?
day is not far a way, you will
account for the wholesale kill ng
yo?r colored brothers; and I a
at the first opportunity the c?
South will throw off yoi an?
? ...te its own ."roe, independe!
Yes, we Germans will h-';' ?
v II help any one arrayed against
just as much as you have helpi
tfi strike d'.wn a nation b
was bleeding o';t of ninety-n n
Just as the heart of South Amei
hates you and as much as every
Panama, Colombia, Mexico, Japan
many other countries detesta you, ?u
as much, and if possih:" to
greater degree, we Gern
until the day when wc can serie ac?
counts with you.
They will ar '. most be
In concluding, I all
a\ ing predictions :
1. Before long th?? labor;??..; ? 7
ua structure of the infamou-, -?.,.<
congres? will fail together, crun
?r.to nothing, owing to the intoler
ccnditions it created. You cannot g
tfte tenderloin of butchered F.urope t?
a lL'O.OOO.OOO lot, while you, in
name of might, put your fool
r.eck of twice and three times tha
number an?d cover the whole unde
taking wiith the smooth hypocrisy ?
a. Within two years you will be ?
war with Mexico; Your big busii
is atl a. that and your jo
: lent is busy now putting
? lishing touches for that event.
. ill be successful, at least in th. -? ?
?hat you understand it, and ;. ?.-a
England will permit you to add an?
<? untrj to your large list of enemie:
? !. Wilson's imperialistic ambitions
guided by the national greed of bij
business, will attempt to ride on th.
vp.ve of an American-Mexican war int
another term of oilier- ami ?nay c ?;
tiRuc to control his America.;
1 Within eight years Japai
1 : inland will be at war with 5 ou, a?
- ? a? in ed ? .x x ri m I ithers
A nerican eagle with 0
A- ; ).?? first opp irtui ? y v e ?
: 1 oui 1 md ca!1 "or
?-. : a
\V< ... tch j ou r c.i 1 n ?
aight; we will peculate en ? ? er:
rnov?^ you make; and by the In
snail bring you to bay on-' ?i- y s
help us (,'od! ANNO.
New York, Nov. 11. 1919.
The Last Straw
To the Editor of The Tribune
Sir: What is ;?? become of ui
a, those of us who belong
known as the educated c tssi
About, the last -? . ? idvanc
o ' ti.e cost of living 1 ??a t\\
.??ais per diem now .; 11 by th?.
milk distributors. Where are
g< t that extra two e 1
.'?!;. 1 nvelope, f..i 1 ha\ ? ?
, ?-..-.w adays contain - ? '
to keep two My
:. ? . ?? the v OmU ?! ? ho ? ?
da c? work must liai
ticaily two meals 11 I fro -a ?>
..? .'., a she calls a "a ?
; dmit ; ha he
i nts .. pound and ?.. 1 ? .
.!?>, ;.nd that her "man" j I
nd ? ?;5's. not at l
pay, but at lia- top notch. Fho ? I
wish to go out for th "ha f
do not want to cook 01 wash
( .111 you . ugge: t
i!.;s situation or cann? .a ? oui
? cadera solve ; ho tjuesI 1
A. McM. I.
New York, N'en. -.
W ?*? Also Have On I roubles
a .. . I '??? ?.:?,.
I ;' we coul? get va. of oui
and the .? aun.- < -,
disposed of. and ta.- next Pre
election was out. of the way, .
high cost of living wasn't rlaa
ingly high, ami ever;, tairez was as ?a!>
as it ought to be for democracy ? rj
where, perhaps we might find I
take over the burdens ana ??
o. a f.. w Earop? an and a ;
It would be nice of us
just now v >? s ?
(From Th* Louia^iUa\Courier-J<ni ?'
One way ta 'o ?rutistitute wood ft?
coal, but another way to tight coal cos
is to regard summer heat in unter a?
unnecessary and unhealthful and Ioo?>
. upon the beaHng of unused parts of ??
residence as avoidable expense.