Newspaper Page Text
Battle Dead on
legal Holiday Proclaimed
in Nine States, While
Twenty-one Others Join
in Celebration of Victory
Churches Hold Services
City's First Parade by Brook?
lyn Postoffice Employes,
Who March 1.000 Strong
America yesterday celebrated the
f'.rst anniversary of the victory it
helped to win over Germany. In nine
^?ates?preg?n, Minnesota. Michigan,
?lassachusetts, Maryland. Texas, Ala?
bama. Xorth Carolina and California?
Armistice Day was observed as a legal
holiday. In twenty-one others, in?
cluding New York, special commemora?
tive exercises were held.
Celebrations of a memorial and
uiumphal nature were held in all parts
of New York City, beginning at -1
o'clock m the morning, when clerks
going to work at the Brooklyn post
otSce started the ?rst parade of the
t'.ay. in which more than a thousand
early risers joined. The paraders
were addressed before sun uo by Post?
master W. C. Burton.
At 6 a. m. tho Commercial Cable
Company suspended all service for two
minutes in commemoration of the
signing of the armistice and in memory
who died to bring it about.
rches throughout tho city held
periods of silent prayer for the" fallen
and longer services were held in some.
Churches Join in S?nicos
A: the Church of the Pauiist Fathers
? i ran memorial mnss was celebrated
for the men of the 107th Infantry
fallen in battle. The service was held
asder the auspices of the Veteran?'
Association of the regiment and nun- j
..?red? of relatives of the dead were I
present. The Rev. John A. McGrath, |
former chaplain of the 345th Field Ar- j
tillery, wa* celebrant of the mass, and !
was assisted by the Paulist Choristers.
The Rev. Joseph McSorley, former |
chaplain of the f>2d Pioneer Infantry, j
??fficiated us deacon, and the Rev. .
Thomas V. C. Moore, who fought
)Ugh the war as major in the Ma- |
i ne Corps, as sub-deacon. i
A catafalque over which candles
? ed was erected in the church, and
g the recessional the procession
lalted in front of if while a bugler in
be rear of the edi?ce sounded taps.
The_Rev. Peter Hoey, chaplain of
the 107th, delivered the sermon.
A* Old Trinity a brief memorial ser
,'ice was held at noon at which the
Rev. Dr. William T. Manning, rector,
??reached. Dr. Manning in his address ;
made a strong p ea for the immediate
suppression of those who threaten th?
nstitutions for which Americans
"We will defend and uphold these
principles at all costs." he said, "'not
nly from attack from without, but
!so from the foul and poisonous in-;
? ces from within.
Enemies cf Freedom
put down with ?tern hands
a o .-eck to destroy freedom.
ek to destroy 'iberty or who
?7 to disseminate here tve vile and,
ahuman teachings of anarchy.
"And let me say here that we ought
' leal most sternly of all with those |
?th American names, whatever their j
wealth or station may be, who are ?
?riving their money and support or j
heir pens to this propaganda. They j
re the worst, most intolerably !
raitors, for they know what America
? rais for.
"We must watch, above all others,
-? man who will seek to sow distrust
nd enmity b< I and the gov
rnment of Great Britain, for il is
lowship oi I le English speaking
leoples which, is trie hope and assur
. of peace an 1 j tsticf in the world."
A spe i .: ma ?s in memory of the
fallen was also held in St. Patrick's
Cathedral. There was a sermon and a
', ymn of thanksgiving, and the chimes
were played from noon until 12'30.
The Actors' Memorial Fund launched
their ?rreat drive to make Actors'
Memorial Day a success last evening,
a an Armistice Day meet.ng held in
the Church of the Heavenly Rest, Fifth
Avenue and Forty-fifth Street-, at which
:he Rev. Dr. Herbert Shlpman, rector;
the Rev. Dr. Joseph Silverman of Tem?
ple Beth-el; the Rev. Dr. H. Pereira
Mendea of the Portuguese Synagogue;
Lieutenant General Robert Lee Bill?
iard, Police Commissioner Enright un<k
Daniel Frohman spoke.
Motion Picture Taken
Motion pictures were taken of the
meeting and tickets of admission to the
theater, where they will be produced
? ere distributed to the audience. W.
Ward Smith, who presided, said the
Actors' Fund to date amounts to ?317,
Messages of retcret at not being able
'o attend, and hope for the success
of the campaign were received from
Major General Leonard Wood, Gover?
nor Cornwell of West Virginia. New?
ton D. Baker, Franklin D. Roosevelt,
Senator Medill McCormack, Josephus
Punie's. A. Mitchell Palmer, Senator
William E. Borah and the Rev. Francis
1'. Duffy, former chaplainof the. 165th
Harlem Post, 133, American Legion,
eld a rally in the great hall of the
t'ollege of the City of New York last
Miss CaveWs Death
Cell To Be Museum
BRUSSELS, Nov. 11.?The cells oc?
cupied by Edith Cavell and Gabrielle !
Petit previous to their execution by
the Germans are to be transformed \
into miniature museums. This has !
been decided upon by the Court of i
Clothes worn by the two women,
their books and other belongings i
have been collected and placed in !
the cells. Plates bearing appropri- !
? ate inscriptions will be attached to \
i the doors. J
night, which was addressed by Will- j
iam S. Bennet and Henry Morgen- |
thau. Lieutenant General Bullard and I
his staff were guests of honor. Sen
atora Wadswort h and Chamberlain,
who had been expected, sent messages ,
of regret. Sydney M. Louis, president (
of the post, presided.
Police Reserves Called Oat
Zionist District No. 2, comprising the
lower East Side, celebrated Armistice
Day by n special performance of "The
Jews" at the Tomasshefsky Theater
for the benefit of Jewish war sufferers
in Europe.. Judge Otto A. Rosalsky
spoke. The theater >vas filled to capac?
ity and reserves had to be called to
keep the crowd outside in order.
Members of Greenwich Village Post
! 18, American Legion, paraded through
I the village last night and followed this
j with a dance and special nrogram in
j Public Schoo' 41 in B?eecker Street. The
parade stopped in front of the Hotel
I Brevoort to serenade Major La Guardia,
I but unfortunately the major had left
j his rooms , there and had gone to
! speak in Brook!-n. Captain P. St.
I George Bissell, president of his post,
i presided at ilie gathering in the
school and made a short address, fol
| lowing which the post was presented
i with a silk flag.
Justice John M. Tierney in Part I
I of the Bronx Supreme Court and Jus?
tice Charles L Guy in the Criminal
Branch of tho Bronx Supreme Court
ordered short adjournments and de?
livered brief addresses on the sig?
nificance of tho day. Judge Gibbs also
suspended business at noon in the
Bronx County Court.
The Rev. Dr. G. A. Carstensen de?
livered an armistice day address at
the St. Paul's Chapel, where he urged
New Yorkers to set up adequate
memorials for those who died in
Presbyterian headquarters, 150 Fifth
Avenue, observed the day by special
ervices at which prayers of praise
and thanksgiving were offered by Dr.
Stanley White, secretary of the Board
?f Foreign Missions, and the Rev. Paul
Erdmnn, for many years missionary to
Syria and now on furlough here.
Addresses advocating Americaniza
2ion as an effective means of over?
coming the present turbulent condi
ions of the world were delivered to
the students of New York University
by Chancellor Elmer Ellsworth Brown
and Dean Archibald L. Bouton of the
College of Arts and Pure Science.
Students of Barnard College were ad?
dressed by Professor M?ller, of the <
French department, who spent four
years in the service of hit; country,
and Protestor Bigoniari, a soldier at
the Italian font.
Negro Veterans Parade
The chief feature of Brooklyn's cele?
bration was a parade of negro veterans
of the war. The troops assembled at
the fountain on Beford Avenue. They
were reviewed by Borough President
Riegelmann and Colonel William Hay
ward from a stand in front of the
Central Y. M. C. A.
Public buildings and many private
residences wer?; decorated with flags
and dinners an t meetings were held in
ali parts of the borough by a variety
of patriotic organizations. The beli
on Boroutrh Hall was rung for four
minutes, beginning at noon.
The Society of Michigan Daughters
of the City oi" New York celebrated
ttie day by a musicale in the Waldorf
Astoria, at which Mrs. Homer Folks,
wife of the head of the civil affairs
department of the Red Cross in France
A cable from Paris, received by Wil?
liam P. Larkin, overseas director of
the Knights of Columbus, said that
K. of C. secretaries had participated
with American soldiers yesterday in a
pilgrimage to Our Lady of Lourdes,
which was headed by Cardinal An?mete,
of Paris, and Cardinal Lucon, of
Exercises in celebration of the day
were held in all pulblic schools in
At New Brunswick, X. J., sp?cial ex?
ercises were held in Monument Square
where there was a flag raising at 7:30
a. m. and a mass meeting at 11 a. rn.
President Leaves His Bed
To Join in Celebration
j Commemorates Armistice by
Silting in Chair for the First
Time Since His Illness Began
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11, ? Two
| events of national importance not on
? the arranged program?the arrival of
? the Prince of Wales as the guest of
?he nation and President Wilson's
leaving ms ncd for the first time since
illness forced him to abandon hi?
i .-.peaking tour last month ?marked the
celebration of Armistice Day in Wash
! ir.gton. A general feeling of relief in
j official circles over the decision of the
i soft-coal miners to rescind the strike
order was another high point in the
day set apart to commemorate the
ending of hostilities in the war.
Rain fell almost continuously during
the day, forcing many of the arranged
i events"of celebration to be held inside
in departments and bureaus. The rain,
however, could not dampen the ardor
of those participating in the cere?
monies connected with the planting of
two memorial Ca'ifornia redwood trees
in Lafayette Square, opposite the
House of America1*
PARIS' newest vanities are dis?
played in our recently imported
selections of hand bags and purses.
You will find a diverse collection em?
bodying charming velvet bags with
Chinese clasps, beaded bags of tap?
estry effect, Sautoires of unusual
style and dainty Pochette purses ?
all uniformly moderate in price.
Grande Maison de Blanc
FIFTH AVENUE, 44th and 45th Streeti
Tiffany & Co.
F?ftii avenue & 37^' Street
Vanity Cases, Boxes and
White House. At tho anniversary
hour, 11 o'clock in tho morning, the
rattle of musketry from the army firing
platoon formally announced that the
treta were in place, banked by earth
brought from many states for the pur?
pose and with memorial documents to
be sheltered for years beneath their
Serenade the President
j To-night a chorus of community
singers gathered on tho steps of the
Treasury, across from the White House,
, to serenade Mr. Wilson.
The President had planned some days
? in advance to leave his sickbed to-day,
i as in some measure his own commemo?
ration of the significance of Armistice
Day. Reposing in a wheel chair, he
was able to hear a part of the program
arranged by the singers in his honor.
Formal expressions as to the day's
. meaning in not only American but
j world history were sent to the country
j by the President, Cabinet officers, Gen?
erals Pershing and March and other
officials during the day. Secretary Dan?
iels added to his formal statement in an
address to wounded soldiers at Walter
Reed Military Hospital.
To Make Liberty Sure
"The men who made Armistice Day
possible in 1918," the Secretary of the
Navy said, "will never permit anarchy
or autocracy to rule here in America.
Here, where brave men who made the
noblest sacrifices are making ready for
future patriotic service, there is no
need to make resolution of devotion to
Americanism. Your dedication, made
in blood trenches, calls for no peace
declarations, because deeds live when
words are forgotten.
"This is not a day for doubt or de?
spondency or dalliance. It is a day for
national baptism in the faith that sent.
American boys unafraid over the top.
"My message to civilians is: "Let
us follow liberty as the men in arms
fought and died for it. To be worthy
of them we must join with 'them to
make democracy safe for the world.' "
London Traffic Halts
In Memory of Dead
Entire ISation joins in Ttco
Minutes of Prayer at Hour
on Which Hostilities Ended
Sew York Tnoun*
(Copyright, 1919, New York Tribune Inc.)
LONDON, Nov. 11.?Great B/itain
paid silent tribute to-day to tho men
who were killed in the war. At the
exact hour that hostilities ceased a year
ago the entire nation paused for two
minutes and bowed its head in prayer.
At a signal from his majesty's ship
Maroon, lying in the Thames, London's
traffic stopped. Wheels ceased to turn
in factories, people in the streets
stopped, men bared their heads, sol?
diers saluted, women prayed. Such z
silence was never known here before.
So intense was the quest that .vhen
the throngs in Whitehall Street raised
their voices in "God Save the King"
the singing could be heard miles away,
I and it was taken as a signal to resume
j usual occupations.
Premier Joins in Tribute
LONDON, Nov. 11 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).?"The Comrades of the
Great War" and members of other pa?
triotic organizations assembled in
, Whitehall Street this morning before
a cenotaph commemorated to "the
| glorious dead." To the monument
thousands brought wreaths. among
them Premier Lloyd George, whe
walked bareheaded from Downing
' Street to place his flowers among th?
i others. President Poincair? pass?e
! the period of silence with the King ir
? Buckingham Palace, although his rep
; resentative, Colonel Blavier, placed f
! wreath on the cenotaph and stood at
i salute just before 11 o'clock.
The newspapers to-day devoted col
| umns to the anniversary, printing
I among other things messages from nu
' merous public persons appreciative oi
i the occasion. Among these messages
j was one from the Dowager Queen Alex
andra to "The Daily Mail," saying, "We
, all pray that God will hear our silent
; prayers in remembrance of all oui
i brave departed who laid down theii
precious lives on the battlefield."
Address Sont to Mr. Wilson
The English-Speaking Union gav?
a dinner here to-ni-jht in celebra
] t?on of the day. The chief even
; of the dinner ,was the presentatioi
to John W. Davis, the American Am
hassador, for transmission to Presi
dent Wi'son of nn illiim;n;?to'> a?f
dress to the American people testifylnj
to the excellent relations which existed
between the British people and the
American troops ?luartered in this
country during the war. The address
bears the signatures of the Lord
Mayors, Lord Provosts and the mayors
of the chief cities and towns in the
Jealousies Among Allies
Says Co-operation Is Succeeded
by Mistrust; Gerard Wants
Steel Fist to Suppress "Reds''
An Armistice Day meeting drew a
large crowd to the Cathedral of St.
John the Divine last night, where
George W. Wickersham, former Attor?
ney General, and James W. Gerard,
former Ambassador to Germany, spoke.
Mr. Wickersham said that few who
exulted a year ago in the overthrow
of Germany would have believed it.
possible that a year could pass and
the peace treaty still remain unsigned.
"Few, too," he continued, "would
then have apprehended that the close
relations of friendship and mutual re?
spect which years of cooperation in
the great struggle had developed
i among the Allied and associated na
I tions should be so quickly chilled and
succeeded by jealousies an I mistrust.
Mr. Gerard called for the putting
; down of ''Red" agitation in this nation
; ruth essly and immediately. He said:
; "For the sake of everything we hold
| dear these murderers and revolution
i ists must be put down with a hand of
steel. The free speech guaranteed by
: our Constitution ?loes not give a right
to undermine that Constitution and all
our civil and religious life.
"Are women to be nationalized and
! both property and the right of prop
| crty destroyed, religion and God de
: nied because of the ambitious of un?
scrupulous men who lend the mob,
whose success would mean that, as in
Hungary to-day, the people would tak?
refuge in caves and wars be w#ged for
a few loaves of mou'dy broad?
"No avenue of opportunity is closed
in this country; there is no excuse for
i anarchy. And there must come a re?
vival of religion. The destroyed cathe
I drals must be rebuilt in every human
| President Butler Calls
I Law and Order Test
Here Vital to World
National self-control and obedience
to law and order is the need of the
hour in America, Nicholas Murray But?
ler, president of Columbia, declared
yesterday in an Armistice Day speech
at the university. Ik- diagnosed the
widespread discontent and unrest in
the country as caused by national ex?
haustion and nervous and mental pros
traction from the war.
"If vou look for an explanation of
! the widely prevailing unrest," Presi
; dent Butler said, "you will find it, not
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LONDON NEW YORK. PARIS
in political or economic causes, but in
a psychological factor, a state of mind
j Men and women havo found themselves
unable to get back to earth, and even
the. most stolid of them have not yet
recovered their normal mental proc?
"Tho only way open to them, the
only mode of expression or their feel?
ings and impulses, is violence. You
cannot pick up the newspapers to-day
without noticing the number of in?
stances of violence.*' They aro the for?
cible expression of nervous and mental
"The simple and uncomplicated issue
before America to-day Is whether tifo
law or violence shall rule. If law and
order rules, well and good. If we as a
people are prepared to accept the fun?
damental principle that the world must
bo ruled by law and order we shall be
making our greatest contribution to the
tftsk of restoring the world to normal
life and self-control."
Tho Rev. Duncan H. Browne, the
"fighting parson" of the 77th Division,
? who received the Distinguished Service
i Cross for bravery, spoke at a meeting
| earlier in the afternoon in the gymna?
Marshal Foch Worships
At Armistice Day Mass
French Leader at Services in
Paris With Men Maimed in
the War With the Germans
PARIS, Nov. 11.?The first anniver?
sary of Armistice Day was celebrated
to-day at the Chapel Invalides with a
solemn mass, in memory of those who
gave their lives in the world war.
Marshal Foch, General Pau and man;
maimed soldiers were present. A choir,
composed of war orphans, sang "Tc
Quit School to Celebrate
Insisting that Armistice Day gave
them a constitutional right to remain
away from school, about two hundred
boy and fifteen girl students of the
! Flushing High School refused to en
I ter their classrooms yesterday. In
I stead they did a snake dance around
? the school and then started to wind
j their way down the main streets of
The students paraded to Jamaica
High School, where they broke up when
1 t"r "ten?:! with arrest. John Holley
Clark, principal of the school, said
th -tu I a."s -'ere gui,fy of a clear vio?
lation of school, discipline.
Toledo Trolley Company
To Seek New Franchise
i Carlcss Town Meanwhile Ex
pects to Walk or Ride
Jitneys a Long Time
TOLEDO, Ohio, Nov. 11.?Toledo to?
night settled down to a state of watch?
ful waiting. The outlook is for a lout;
perio?! of street earless days. Mayoi
Cornell Schreiber, who introduced la.;:
Jurat." the ouster ordinance which re
suited in the "kidnaping" of all rolling
stock in the city, conferred with busi?
ness men and others this afternoon
but failed to arrive at a solution othei
; than that the motor car system will
? be used indefinitely.
The cit. is ready to consider pro
I posais from Henry L. Doherty. of Nev
' York, head of the concern which, unti
the ouster ordinance took effec
through a vote of the pe iple a weel
ago to-day, controlled the tractiot
system here, Mayor Schreiber an
' nounced. Motor bu-.es to-day cann
from several other cities to take par
in transporting workers at 10 cents i
League Doomed Unless
AJ? Join, Says Balfour
Great Powers Must Share It?
Burden?, He Declare?, in
LONDON, Nov. 11.?Arthur J. Bal-1
four, former Foreign Minister and now
Lord President of the Council, opening
the league of nations campaign to-day.
declared that the future of the league
would be dark indeed unless all the
powers, and particularly the great pow
ers, were prepared to take an equal
share in the burdens the league cast
Work Is Declared Ended
ST. LOUIS, Nor. VL?Mrs. Carrie
Chapman Catt, in an address read in
her enforced absence before the con?
vention of the National Council of
Women hero to-night, announced that, j
as the work of the National American !
j Woman Suffrage Association, of which
she is president, had finished its work,
that organization probably would be
dissolved at its Chicago convention next
February and be displaced by the
League of Women Voters.
"The end of the suffrage ctrugg!e is
j in sight," Mrs. Catt said. "Tho contro- i
I versy of a century that once was waged
with eggs and cabbage has closed."
Chit-ago Traffic Stoppe?*!
CHICAGO. Nov. n.-rh,?-*. tl I
) noise and practically all mr.v? met,'
? halted for on*1 niimite n' it ? r
? day, while hundr?>ds of khouasBdf faced
| past in respert to Arrristice Day :
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