Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE '
ADVERTISED IN THE V
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
?- ?, I?? H?J??P- ?***?+?*
?l. LXXIX No. 26,660
[Copyright. I Bit.
New York Tribune Ino.l
_ THURSDAY, NOVEMESB t& 1919
W E A T H E R
Fair and colder to-da>. much ?-older at
night: to-morrow fair and colder,
moderate to fre*h winds.
"??ill H r p?rt ?n ?'?*?? I tt
* * * *
,,_?_,. ( '" ('tTf,'*trr ***? York ?nd
TWO I K>TN j w|(hln romtnutinc dlatnnr?
West Starjs Round-Up of I.
Miners Refuse to Go to Wo
W. W.; Troops on Guard;
rk; Wage Decision Hastened
To Speed Up
Secretary Wilson Active
in Seeking to Bring
About Early Agreement
to Start Fuel Moving
Union Heads Think
Public Is Friendly
U. S. Officials Encouraged
by Readiness of Both
Sides to Enter Council
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12.-- The
apparent unwillingness of all union
coal miners to return to work at the
? Id pay scale caused government of?
ficials to put forth every effort to?
day to bring about immediate nego?
tiation of a new wate agreement.
Secretary Wilson, without wait?
ing for formal acceptance of his of
fer to mediate the differences, began
smoothing the waj for the joint con?
ference of miners and operators he
has called to meet in Washington
Both sides notified the Labor Sec?
retary they would attend the con?
ference. Spokesmen for the mine
-.vorkers said if the mine owners
;::ne in a spirit of conciliation a
new agreement could be framed and
ratified by Saturday night. Until
an agreement is formally accepted
y the miners' scale committee,
b ir leaders said, there was little
pe of full resumption of coal pro
Conciliatory Viewpoint Urged
' was because of this possibility
steady drain meanwhi o on the
uion's visible cual supply that Sec
?7,iy Wilson undertook to-day to in?
ri e of thi miners and operators
o -i e ?ho other fellow's sido.
The indicated continued suspension
:' mining activity in union fields to?
rio! a surprise to government
nor accepted as an actual tost
?f the attitude of th"' miners. Com?
p?lete distribution of the order cancel
i.' the strike might take some time,
! wan said. It was felt, hpwever, that
large number of mon still might re
lain out until assured that ho,no of
'he demands agreed upon in convention
Labor leaders who frankly admitted
:ia'. public sentiment was strongly
?ainst the strike took comfort to-day
rom what they described as a seeming
of sentiment as reflected in
I aper editorials. Messages to labor
eadquarters stated the feeling was
rowing that the miners were entitled
o higher wages.
United States Officials Hopeful
Secretary Wilson, while declining to
Iiscuss the outlook for speedy peace in
h( coal fields, was greatly encouraged
the readiness of the two sides to I
teet and make a determined efFort to
rame a wage schedu.e satisfactory to
; and operator-? alike. Mr. Wii
on was quite hopeful o?' success, and
' ding was shared bj most oflicii Is.
Evidence that government officiais
?ver? confident the miners Loon would
return to work was seen in the recom
nendi on made to-day by Assistant
Fut 1 Administrator Garnsey to Ad
rainistrator Garfield by telephone at
his ho.' ? In Massachusetts, that all
restrictions imposed during the strike
be called off as soon as daily produc?
tion reaches 70 per cent of norma!.
In an order issued to-night by As
dstant Administrator Garnsey, with
the approval of Dr. Garfield, recently
revived maximum prices were re?
scinded, effective to-morrow, as ap- .
plied to coal shipments for which con?
tracts were entered into prior to Octo- j
Miners to Insist
On 30 Hour Week
Chairman of Scale Com?
mittee Declares Old
Demands Will Stand
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Nov. 12.?Orig?
inal demands of a 00 per cent increase
in wages, a six-hour day and a five
day wick will be presented to oper?
ators by mine workers in the joint
-cale conferences called for Friday in
Washington at the instance of Secre?
tary of Labor Wilson, according to
2 rank Karrington, chairman of the
miners' scale committee, who-crime here
'.o-day, en route to the national capital.
Asked whether the miners would obey
'he strike rescinding order of Acting
''resident Lewis, Farrington said:
' 'a niy judgment, the miners will not
return to work." He added, however,
?e spoke only for the Illinois district,
of which he is president.
. **rrington said the impression that
?-.he "slate had been wiped clean" so
jar as demands were concerned had no
)aeis ?n fact although the miners ;*tood
ready to negotiate a new scale without
' The old demands will stand," Mr.
'?urringtoii stated. "They were formu
ated by the Cleveland convention. Al;
Continued on page three
$20,000 Bank Shortage,
17 Weeks Old, Disclosed
Money Disappears From Irving
National Vault; Teller Held
on Charge of Wrong Audit
Although known to hank officials
since July ?1, the disappearance of
$20,000 from (he vault of the Irving
National Bank in the Woohvorth
Building: was not disclosed until yes- !
ter day, '
On a technical charge of violating'
Section 5,209 of the Revised Statutes'
of the United States, .lohn Raymond?
McDonough, ?i teller in the bank, was'
held by United States Commissioner
Hitchcock, in the Federal Building, in
10,000 bail for examination Tuesday, j
McDonough was arrested Tuesday
nicht on complaint of Benjamin P. De
Witt, Assistant United States Attorney.
M?-. De Witt alleged that McDonough |
manipulated balance, sheets to deceive
the auditor of the National Bank As?
It is stated in the complaint that on
June 25 McDonough made a $32,467.76 :
entry in a report, as an amount charged j
to correspondent banks of the Irving
National. Mr. Do Witt said that the,
proper entry should have been $56,
467.70. As a result there was a short?
age of $24,000 of the bank's funds.]
The actual cash shortage is $20,000. i
McDonough denied knowledge of the
disappearance. He is married and
lives at 929 East Thirty-fifth Street,
Gov. Smith's Mother
Is Seriously 111 Here
Stricken Wiih Pneumonia Sun?
day; Physicians Hold
Mr?. Catherine Smith, mother of the
Governor; is seriously ill of bronchial
pneumonia at lier home, :? Middagh
Street, Brooklyn. The Governor was
summoned yesterday from Albany, and
said last night, that his mother was
suffering from a high fever.
"She felt well until last Sunday," he
explained. '"Then she suffered a chill
and has been in bed ever since."
.?1rs. Smith caiebrated her sixty
ninth anniversary on Election Day, A
consultation of physicians was held
last night at the Governor's request.
French RedsClieer L?nine
And Boches During Riot
Republicans Besieged in Town
Hall of Bortan and Threat?
ened With Death
PARIS, Nov. 12.?An election riot
with revolutionary features occurred
to-day in the small industrial town of
Bortan, Department cf Ain. where ex?
tremists are numerous. The Republi?
can candidates were received with
shouts of "Long live L?nine and the
revolution!" "Long live the Boches!"
"Down with the armj and the bour?
The Republicans were threatened
with death and besieged in the town
hall by the turbulent elements. Red
flags were carried and the revolution
was acclaimed by the besiegers.
Wild Broadway Rumor j
Ha? Jack Dempsey Killed ;
World's Champion Victim of
Auto Accident in South. Says
In verified Report
A wild rumor was circulated along |
upper Broadway last night to the effect i
that Jack Dempsey, heavyweight chain- j
pion of '.he world, had been killed in an j
automobile accident in the South.
Dempsey was slightly injured a few !
days ago in an automobile accident. |
While on his way to Toledo to light I
Jess Willard Dempsey was hurt in a i
collision. Once when he was training1
'or Willard he ran into a motorcycle j
: nd was slightly hurt again.
Dempsey's liking for fast driving)
lid to immediate credence of the rumor
ho had been killed in a car.
The champion is now touring Louisi?
ana with a circus and will go to Cali?
fornia in a few days to work in motion
Toledo Trolley Leaders
Seek Strike Settlement!
TOLEDO, Nov. 12.?After four days I
of trolleyless streets, Toledo is looking j
forward to a quick solution of its trac- ?
tion difficulties, which started early
this month when the electors voted to
oust the trolley company from the
.streets. Henry L. Doherty, head of the
company, which retaliated by taking all
the rolling stock out of the r,tate, was
in conference to-day with Mayor
Schreiber in an effort to reach an
As a result of the visit a conference
of traction officials, the. railroads com?
mittee of the City Council and repre?
sentatives of the public has been
called for to-morrow. It; was learned
that the Kansas City Street Railway
Company has made an offer to Mr.
Doherty for the purchase of the Toledo
rolling stock, which is parked on side
tracks along the shores of Lake Erie
Kaiser Takes Over New House; j
Raises Salary of Gardener !
BERLIN. Nov. 12 (By The Associated |
Press).?The former German Emperor j
assumed for|nal possession of the j
House of Doom, at Doom, Holland, !
which he purfchased some time ago, '
when the keys were handed over to
him last Friday, although he will not !
actually take up his residence there ?
until early in 1920.
The first act of the new owner was
to raise the salary of the gardener
from fourteen florins to fifteen florins
This represents a 10-cent increase, ;
making the gardener's wages $6 a week, i
Hullo, & Washington Sunday Excursion via i
N?w Jersey Central. Nov. Kith. $3.to. war I
tax 30c. Lvs. Uberty Si. Saturday midnight.
?A4vt. . '
War 4Dry' Act
Providence Court Enjoins
Enforcement and Same
.Action is Promised by i
Tribunal8 at Louisville
Both Declare It
Threats of Revenue Men
Deter the Rhode Island
Brewers From Opening
Two Federal xudo^s yesterday ren?
dered decisions intended to nullify war?
J lid or Arthur !.. Hroirn. in tho United
States District Court in Providence, is?
sued n temporary injunction restraining
Federal officers from enforcing pro?
visions of the wartime "dry'' act.
Federal Judge Evans, silting at
Louisville, announced that he would issue
an injunction to-day restraining officers
of the government from interfering with
i/t<' sale of whisky upon which distillers
had paid taxes.
PROVIDENCE, Nov. 12. A prelimi?
nary injunction issued by Judge A. S.
Brown in the United States District
Court here to-day forbidding the on
forcement of the war-time prohibition
act has apparently had buf little effect
on the conduct of the saloon;, of the
city thus?, far. ?
-lodge Brown's action was taken on'
petition of three of the largest brew-j
cries of the .state, who sought to pre?
vent the authorities from prosecuting
them for manufacturing and selling 4
per cent ma:t beverages.
In spite of the court's action ft
warning which wa^ later issued bv Vnc ,
collector of internal revenue, and which j
made it clear to saloonkeepers that if j
Judge Brown should be overruled in '
the higher court, evidence collected by I
revenue agents in the meantime would
he used as basis for prosecutions, had
a deterrent effect upon saloonkeepers.
It was deemed probable to-night that 4 ;
per cent beer would not be put on sale
until linal action by the highest!
tribunal. . |
Te.\t of Decision
The court, in handing down its de?
"In view of the probability that the
act in question will ultimately be held
unconstitutional and of the irrepara?
ble damage that would result from
its immediate enforcement, and as, in
view of the evidence afforded by the
Presidential proclamations and other
circumstances its immediate enforce?
ment is not imperative, I am con?
vinced trtit the plaintiff's right to a
pr nmin.i'V injunction ?3 clt-ii
"The Eighteenth Amendment became
a part of the Constitution immediately
upon its ratification," the opinion re?
cites. "It then fixed the time at which
the powers of the states over a sub?
ject heretofore always under their con?
trol should cear?; at which the govern?
ment of the Ui.ii d States, the govern?
ments of the stnti and municipalities,
should be deprived of sources of rev?
enue from which millions had been
derived; at which great industries,
employing thousands of men, should
cease, and at which the value of enor?
mous properties for the uses of which ?
'.hey were designed should be finally
destroyed, and at which there should
be enforced a radical change in per- j
?peaks of Possible Losses j
"Tt is inconceivable that this would
have been done without the provision
for a period during which the loss
might be, to some extent, provided for
"The amendment provided not only
for what should be done after Janu?
ary, 1020, but by the words 'after one
year' gave express evidence of con?
sideration and determination of the
necessity of affording to the states
and citizens and to the departments
of the Federal government as well a !
period of readjustment of their affairs
to the new conditions that would re- !
suit from a transfer of powers from ?
the states to the Federal governi\ent.
"There can be no question that the
present legislation, if valid, destroys
rights of states and citizens which,
but for that legislation, they might
enjoy, and which were respected and
recognized in the adoption of the j
"Aside from the question of the '
repugnancy of this act. to the amend
ed Constitution, there are questions
of the most serious character as to
whether this legislation does not con?
tain provisions which ?jo far beyond
permissible exercise of any constitu?
tional war powers.
"I am of the opinion that the time
provision contained in the Eighteenth
Amendment is an essential and insep?
arable part of that amendment; that
without it it would not have been
submitted to the people and would
not 'have been adopted; that it is an
express provision made to cover the
special emergency of a radical change
in the Constitution and to obviate
destruction of the rights of states
and of citizens."
Judge in Kentucky
LOUI?vILLE, Nov. 12.?Attorneys
for distilling interests apparently won
another round in the tight on war-time
prohibition in the Federa! Court here
to-day. In a case brought by Louisville
distillers, Judge Evans announced from
the bench his belief that the law was
U.S. Peace Envoys to Quit
Paris Early in December
British Delegation to Depart at |
Sanie Time ami (Conference
May End This Month
PARIS, Nov. 1?. The American dele?
gation to the peace conference has
notified the Supreme Council of its in- ?
tention to depart, from Franco during
the first days of December. This fact,
was marie known by American peace
conference circles this aftgrnoon.
Tho British peace delegation also li?!*
expressed the same desire, and the
general impression in French confer
"in*" olrr-lpj: is that tho conference will
conclude its work by the end of this
The members of tho American dele?
gation probably will sail from Brest on
the steamer America.
Hughes to Make
Inquiry on City
Farreaching Inquiry Into
VU Phase? of the Situa?
tion, lo Fix Permanent
Slat u s, Is Planned
Charles Evans Hughes, former Gov- ?
ernor an?! United States Supremo Court
Justice, is to head an investigation to
get a!, the truth of Now York City's)
transit situation. Announcement of (lie
investigation was made lust night by
tii" Merchants' Association.
Mr. Hughes has consented to serve .
as chief counsel al. tho request, of a ;
committee of seven men, heads of the I
city's ltirgest commercial organizations. !
The committee was formed at the re?
quest of United States District Judge ;
Julius M. Mayor, to act for the pub-!
Mr, Hughes, according to the an- !
nouncement, will select his own a?-,- i
sistants and will have free hand in j
making the investigation, which, it is
said, will be comparable to the insur- !
ance investigation in its importance.
Mayer Asked for Inquiry
The proposed investigation grew out i
of a statement mude by Judge Mayer,.,
asking for the enlistment, of civic and
la .-nayor.-.' associations to help solve
the transportation problem shown, by
repot-K of railroad experts, to be acute. !
The Mfrf ?'.hunts' Association answered
Judge Ma;,* -'s appeal, and inquired for
specific directions as to tho help de?
Judge Mayor, in a reply made public !
yesterday, outlined in detail the scope ?
of the investigation. Jlo suggested that I
the committee carry out the following j
Examine and report upon the es?
timated cost for the twelve months
beginning September 1, lfllfl, of op?
erating each of the several transit j
systems now under the jurisdiction I
of the United States District Court, I
including operating expenses and '?
such other outlay a1- must neces- !
surily be made to continue the op?
eration of the several lines. Exam- !
ine and report upon the estimated '
revenues for each of tho systems
during the same period, and the es- j
timated net earnings or deficit from j
operation of each.
Report Upon Valuations
Through qualified engineers and !
accountants, check, tost, verify and ?
report upon any valuations of the :
physical properties of the several !
traction systems which may he pre?
sented to the court, or affixed as a ;
basis for equitably adjusting the fu- ;
ture relations between transit cor- j
porations and the public.
Make a study of the transit field,
with relation to existing franchise
and contract rights; possible- con- :
solidation or consolidations of ex- j
?sting lines or systems; legal, finan- ?
ciul and operating conditions,, and ,
other factors, with a view to formu- :
biting a plan for permanent, equi- j
table and beneficial readjustment of i
tho relations between the public and i
the transit corporations which servo j
In his letter Judge Mayer also said:
"The present transit situation is seri?
ous to the gravest degree, but the j
existing state of affairs cannot con
tinue indefinitely. The time must come
when there .sha?l be a just, permanent'
solution, and the hour is not far dis- !
tant when, pending such solution, tern
porary relief must be provided. In
such circumstances the intelligent ef- j
fort oi" civic organizations concerned, i
as you are, solely with the pub ic in
terest, undoubtedly will prove of great
Committee of Business Men
In response to Judge Mayer's sug- '
gestion, the Merchants' Association ob- j
tained the cooperation of other large!
commercial organizations, and the fol- j
lowing preliminary committee was
William Fellowes Morgan, president;
of the Merchants' Association, chair- |
man; Alfred E. Marling, president of j
the New York State Chamber of Com?
merce; Lee Kohns. president, of the
New York Hoard of Trade and Trans?
portation; J. Sherlock Davis, presi
dent of the Brooklyn Chamber of Com- ;
merco; H. Fushae Williams, president;
of the Queens Chamber of Commerce, j
and James Brackenridge, president of ?
The Bronx Board of Trade.
Popular Welcome Accorded
To Hindenburg in Berlin
BERLIN, Nov 12 (By The Associated;
Press). -Field Marshal von Hinden?
burg arrived in the capital to-day 'and
was received with military honors. He ?
was met at the station by General ?
DudendorfT, once his chief of staff,
and Dr. Karl Helfferich, former Vice- j
The field marshal had an enthusi
astic popular reception, the poopl? I
-ine-ing "Deutschland Ueber Alle?."
Petitions Are Signed to
invoke It After Rumor
Have Begun a Filibuster
Limiting of Debate
Comes Up To-day
Cummins Will Ask Peace
Pact Be Sidetracked
for Railroad Legislation
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, Nov. 12. Assertion-' |
that several of tho "irreconcilable' ;
foes of the peace treaty in the Senate.
*vore launching a filibuster threw the!
treaty situation into a tangle to-day
and caused both Democrat-, and Re
publicans to prepare to limit debate'
by invoking the cl?ture rule.
Senator Lodge, the majority leader. |
??aid to-night, however, he felt con?
fident that the. situation would be
smoothed out to-morrow.
Tho "i?rreconcilables" emphatically]
deny thp.t. they have launched a fili?
buster, but. just as emphatically declare :
that they will never consent to the
cl?ture. The "mild resorvationists" in- !
sist that Senator Reed, Democrat, of I
Missouri, and La Follette, of Win- !
consin, and France, of Maryland, Re- !
publicans, plan the filibuster, ami de- ?
mand that a limit be placed upon do- ;
bate under threat of breaking away \
from the Lodge program. Whether the
cl?ture rule will be invoked will be .
decided to-morrow, when it will be- j
come apparent?he'-Vier there is n real j
attempt at a?* ?u: busier.
Petitions to invoke tho cl?ture rule ?
have been circulated on both sides '
of the Senate chamber, and have been j
signed by many more than the six- i
teen Senators whose signatures are re- I
quired to such a petition.
Senators Lenroot, of Wisconsin; Kel-!
logg, of Minnesota, and McNary, of
Oregon, leaders of the group of "mild ?
resorvationists" on the Republican;
side, drew a petition for cl?ture and;
obtained more than a score of signa- '
tures, when Senator Reed, who has ;
spoken for several hours in the last
three days while the reservation to
Article X was under consideration,
gave evidence of his intention to speak ;
for several hours longer.
Senator Underwood, of Alabama,
circulated a similar petition among
the Democratic Senators, and quickly [
secured thirty-five signatures on that |
side of the chamber. The Democratic !
Senators at ', lie caucus last week de?
cided to ask for the cl?ture if a filibus- !
ter were started. Senator Lenroot said
the Republican petition for a cl?ture!
would bo offered to-morrow unless the i
filibuster wer" called off.
No Action for Two Days
Under the rules of the Senate a peti-i
tion for the cl?ture must lie over for.
two days before it can be adopted. A'
two-thirds vote is required for its adop?
tion, and then each Senator is limited
to ," total of one hour for discussing |
wary motion and amendment and the
pending proposition before the Senate.
The rule was adopted in March, 1917,;
out has never been invoked, although
threats 'nave been made several times ,
to use it.
The Democrats and the mild reserva
tionists both had planned to present:
their petitions for the cl?ture to-day,
but. the Senate adjourned shortly after!
it learned of the death of Senator J
Thomas S. Martin, oi* Virginia.
Senator Borah, leader of the group I
of "irreconcilables," said that he did \
not believe there was any filibuster. I
He said he was opposed to any lengthy
debate, at least until after the r?solu- ?
tion of ratification has been reported !
to the Senate, lie added that th<- "ir- j
reconcilable:'" would never agree to j
Threaten to Desert
The "irreconcilables"' notified Sen?
ator Lodge that if the cl?ture we're in?
voked they would not support the com- !
mittec program of reservations. Their
votes could defeat the reservations, j
and then it is thought considerably i
more than one-third of the Senate I
would vote to reject the unaltered j
Senator Cummins, chairman of the
Interstate Commerce Committee, an?
nounced to-day that he will move to?
morrow to have the peace treaty laid
aside while the Senate takes up rail?
Senator Cummins added that he does
not expect the Senate to lay the treaty
aside, but said that he will make the
effort in order to call attention to the
necessity for immediate action with
regard to the railroads.
Senator Lodge predicted that the
Walsh amendment to the reservation,
which is the pending question before
the Senate, would be defeated, although
three or four Republican "irreconcil?
ables'' may vote for it. The Walsh
amendment would remove the United
States from all participation and obli?
gation under the treat;,'. Most of the
Democrats will vote against it, Senator
Lodge said. "It absolutely destroys
Article X," he added.
The opponents of the treaty gained
a vote through Senator Martin's death.
Senator Johnson, of California, has
been paired with Senator Martin, and
he will now be able to cast his vote for
Senator Lodge to-night would not
predict when the Senate would dispose
of the treaty. Republican Leader Mon
dell,-of the House, conferred with him
to-day in an effort to have a date for
final adjournment for the session
agreed upon, oui ?Senator Lodge could
not give him any assurances.
No Steps Too Drastic to Rid U. S.
Of Murderous Reds, Says Pershing
* New York Tribune
WASHINGTON. Nov. 12.?General John J. Pershing to-day made
the following statement on the killing of former American soldiers in
the Centralia, Wash., armistice day ceremonies:
"It is a serious outrage that veterans of the world war, parading
in uniform in celebration of our national victory, should be shot down
in cold blood, as was done in Centralia, Wash., yesterday.
"Too drastic measures cannot be taken to rid oiir country of the
class of criminals who inspire or commit such crime.-."
Secretary of State Lansing, who said that the State Departmenl
would welcome the deportation of all aliens who seek to destroy 4hv.
government, said :
"Crimes of such a character need no comment. They speak for
Crash in Stocks
Ends Long Orgy
Refusai by Federa! Reserve,
Board of Credit for Spec?
ulative Use*? Cause? a
Torrent of Liquidation
The end of the most frenzied era of
spcOulation in Wall Street history was
written yesterday -.hen a veritable
torrent, of liquidation, precipitated by
the money crisis, .-wept prices of the
more volatile industrial stocks down?
ward in a crash such as has not been
witnessed since the peace panic of
For forty-one minutes after the gong
had sounded the close of trading on
the floor of the .New York Stock F.x
change the stock ticker continued to
whir out its sensational story of paper
fortunes, built, up through months of
unprecedented booming, and wiped out
in a few hours of demoralization. For
while the standard stocks were suffi?
ciently stable to prevent anything like
a real panic, there wall n? doubt that,
the whole market was demoralized
?'hen trading ceased. "Veteran specula?
tors could not remember a time when
ti;e ticker was so far behind the mar?
ket as it was at the close yesterday.
Transactions totaled 2,587,400 shares.
the largest turnover since December
21, 1916. when ?1.095.850 shares changed
hands. The largest day's trading on
record was on April 30, 1901, when
3,202,100 shares were dealt in.
Stocks I'ncler Continuous Pressure
All day lone; throngs of anxious spec?
ulators packed the brokerage houses.
A few who had anticipated the in?
evitable result of a strained credit sa?
tiation and had sold short were jubilant.
But mostly they were "bubs" and
watched the collapse of their fortunes
in a dazed manner, as if unable to be?
lieve the story that was bein?.f spelled
out on the ticker. Many acted in time
to avert serious los^. but. others
doggedly fought the decline until ex?
hausted margins forced them under.
All were under the strain of uncer?
tainty, for the confusion was so great
that many did not know where they
stood until hours after the market had
closed. Frequently the ticker won?! he
printing a price several points from
that involved in a transaction then
taking place on the floor of the ex?
From the opening of the market un?
til trading ceased stocks were under
continuous pressure, produced at first
chiefly by belated realization c the
fact that the Federal Reserve authori?
ties have turned thumbs down on the
use of credit for speculation, to which
a 30 per cent rate for call loans added
Financiers to Prevent Real Panic
Conferences of bankers were held
at which the critical situation was dis?
cussed in all its aspects, ami while
there was a general refusal to talk for
publication, it was learned that the
day's liquidation had been sufficiently
drastic to satisfy the authorities and
that no further action to curtail scock
market funds is probable.
Leading financiers intimated the
market would not be allowed to "get
out. of hand." This was taken to mean
that sufficient suppo>"? would be lent
to prevent the development of a real
In the beginning there was nothing
more than an orderly decline such as
had been going on since the money
situation began to assume an acute
aspect about a week ago. The state?
ment of Governor Harding of the Fed?
eral Reserve Board that the situation
was well in hand and that further ac?
tion by the authorities was not con?
templated at this time was first in?
terpreted by traders as indicating that
the shortage of fund.3 was not likely to
become more serious, and so there was
no great haste to sell. But when call
money opened and renewed at 14 per
cent, and the rate again started to soar,
the.rush to get out from under began.
Hurried calls for additional margins
went out. and, unable or unwilling to
meet them, traders threw their hold?
ings on the market.
Heavy Liquidation Begins
The stocks which, have been mani?
pulated upward in sensational fashion
during recent weeks were the first to
give way. General Motors began to
fail several points between sales.
Mexican Petroleum. A.merican Tobacco,
Studebaker ?ind others of the same
class followed swiftly, and their slump
precipitated heavy liquidation almost
throughout the list.
At each fre:;h decline more and more
??tocks were forced out as r-top-loss
orders were caught and brokerage
houses dumped th" more thinly mar?
gined accounts The rout became com?
plete when the banks, calling loans
and limiting ntw ones, carried the
rate for call money up to .'10 per cent,
Continued an page sixteen
By Grand Jury
District Attorney's Of?ce
Ful Under Inquiry; Gas
ion R. Means f? Called by
Prohe'rs as a Witness
The scope of the investigation of the
extraordinary grand jury was broad?
ened materially yesterday when it was
revealed that not only the Hylan ad- '
ministration, but the District Attor?
ney's office is now under the probe.
Yesterday additional papers bearing
on vital problems of the Mayor's office
were demanded by the grand jury, to?
gether with documents that can have
no bearing on the status of any office
but that of the county prosecutor.
Some of these were obtained during:
the day. Others probably will bo. pro- '
duced this morning, it was said.
This new phase of the work of the !
grand jury, which is seeking evi?
dence of "an overshadowing crime.";
was revealed yesterday when Gaston
B. Means, tried and exonerated on a
charge of murdering Mrs. Maude A. !
King, was summoned as a witness. ?
Means now is said to be employed
in a confidential capacity by the Burns ;
During the trial of the King mur?
der case at Concord, \. C, Means
charged that Assistant District Attor?
ney John T. Dooltng was unfair and
was making an effort to convict him
in order to gain glory for himself.
Since the conclusion of the case the
former defendant is credited with mak?
ing a searching investigation of the
affairs of Dooling and.the office of
which he is a member. The papers he
produced before the jurors yesterday
and those he promised to tur" over
to them to-day are said to bear on this
investigation and his findings.
Amazed by Jury's Knowledge
When Mt ans came out of the grand
jury room, after spending about an
hour with the inquisitors, he refused
to discuss his testimony.
"I never was more surprised in my
life than by one thing that has hap?
pened here," lie said. "1 was asked
concerning a matter about which
I thought only one other man in the
world had any knowledge. But the
grand jury seems to know all about!
it. I answered the questions and pro?
duced all the papers I was asked to
bring. 1 have been asked for others,
and 1 will brin.i them down to-morrow
if ' can iind them."
Earlier in the day William A. L'e.
Ford, chief counsel for William R.
Hearst, appeared before the jury. He
spent little time in the room, and had
nothing to say about the questioning:
to which he was subjected. It was'
reported , that correspondence between'
him and Hearst had been sought. As :
far as could be learned none was pro-,
duced. Such letters might have been |
refused on the ground that correspond?
ence between a lawyer ami a client is
privileged, it was suggested by one
attach? of the District Attorney's of?
Police Clerk Recalled
The thoroughness with which the
Almirall jury is going through the
papers, both personal and official, of
the Hylan-department heads was indi-:
cated when additional papers were
sought from several sources during the '
afternoon. Grant Crabtree, deputy '
chief clerk of the Police Department,
was recalled for a secoml examination,
following a study of the papers he pro- :
duced last Friday. He was asked for
another batch of documents, which he
said would be forthcoming to-day.
Examination of the affairs of the '
office of Commissioner of Accounts
David Hirshfield did not proceed so
smoothly. At the grand jury rooms it
was reported that he was to have been
a witness in the morning. According
to one official he agreed to return
without a second subpoena after his ex?
amination last Friday. He had not
appeared by noon, however, and a tele?
phone message failed to bring him. '
The commissioner, it was said, stood on
his legal right to refuse assistance to
the jurors unless subpoenaed. He was
one of the several witnesses who re?
fused to sign waivers of immunity
Subpeena Is Issue.'
The necessary subp?n.. or the ap
pearance of the Commissioner of Ac
counts was issued. It is expected he
will be the firs', witness before the!
grand jury this morning.
The commissioner made a detailed
report on gambling conditions, police I
raids on gamblers, fines assessed and ;
other details of police work in this
connection last September. He said
yesterday that copies of this report,
which never has been mode public in
its entirety, now are in the hands of
the Mayor, the District Attorney and
the Attorney Genera] of the State.
District Attorney Swann said he had
not talked to any of the jurors during
i the day and knew nothing about their
To Clean Out
''War to Death." Declare?
U .S. Attorney, and 44
Are Taken in Tac?me
alud Seattle Raids
Slate Military on
Dutv in Outra lia
Prisoner Is Said to Have
Were Marked for Death
I ENTRALIA, Wash.. Nov. 12.?
Cities of western Washington joined
Centralia to-day in arresting mem?
ber '" the tndust/riai Workers of
the World and raiding tiieir head
qua tier-, following the firing on an
Armistice Hay parade here yester?
day. Four former American sol?
diers are dead and a fifth is report?
ed dying as a result of the shooting
and one alleged I. W. W. has been
"War I ? the dea ?*" is now on
against the Industrial Worker? of
the World, Robert C. Saunders,
United States District Attorney, de?
clare-'4. No further evidence than
the Centralia murders is needed, he
asserted, to prosecute all I. W. W.
to the extent of the law.
Twenty-two men and one woman,
reported to have radical beliefs,
were placed in jail here, and late)
four of the prisoners, including: the
woman, were removed to the Lewis
County jail at Chehalis by National
Guardsmen, who patrolled Centralia
to-day. Raids were conducted in
Seattle, T'acoma and Aberdeen on
the Industrial Workers' headquar?
Forty-four Radicals Arrested
In Sanio, eleven men and "tons of
literature," accordinj to the police,
were taken to he? ** |uarters. The
Tacoma police arrested thirty four al?
leged members of the Industrial
Workers and seized a quantity of
radical literature, Al Aberdeen largn
quantities of literature und the
records <,!' the Ab? ri ? local of the
organization were take
Prosecuting Attorney Herman Allen
announced that 1>. Lamb, sixteen year?
old. who was arrested here as an L
W. W., confessed I ring to the
organization. The boy, Allen declared,
said he had heard his ?'a'ner. J
Lamb, who also was arrested, talkinc
of a plot to start trouble here yester?
day. The father, according to Allen.
confessed last night that the radicals
had four former service men marked
for death heeause oi their activities
-. a -???? by CerTtralia cil izens j
to i nl the city of the I. W , W. I
"The I. \V. W. expected trouble here ^
y^-terday and thc> were pi pared for
?;T Allen said. "When the parade was
almost over without trouble a*>!>cRr:ng,
they decided to start it themselves.
Inqu sst To Be Held To-day
Dr. David Livingston, who served in
the war as a captain, was one of the
four marked by the I. W. W. for
death, according to Lamb's alleged con?
fession. Livingston is the Coroner
here. He announced tin- inquest would
be held to iiorrcw over the bodies of
the four former service men.
The body of tre Ij iched man, "BritV
Smith, reported to have been an 1. W.
W. secretary, was found in thcChehalis
River. ;'h" rope by which he was
hanged had beer cut early this morn
No name was mentioned in a verdict
rendered by a coroner's jury, which to
night held an inquest ?.?ver the body.
The jury's verdict said
"We tind that deceased came to his
death, by gunshot wounds and by
strangulation caused by persons un?
For a few hours ' to-night the body
lay on the flooj of the bridge unde**
which the man was lynched last night.
Later it was moved to the county jail.
It was expected 3the coroner would dis?
pose of it.
N'o witnesses were examined at the
inquest. The jury returned its verdict
immediately after it examined the body
and Justice of the Peace Charles P.
Hobs accepted the verdict without com?
Centralia war' quiet to-day, and Judge.
George Dysart said citizens had prom?
ised to let the law take it? course.
"Last night I talked to them and
promised that every I. W. W. arrested
here would get a quick and just trial,"
said Judge Dysart "The former ser?
vice men premised to aid officials in
arresting I. W. W."
Henry M. White, United States Im?
migration Commissioner, was reported
en route to Centralia to investigate th?
records of all alien I. W. W. and en*
deavor to d< port them if they are not
held in connection with the shooting.
Smith Arrested During War
Smith was reported by officials t*
have a police record in Washington,
During the war, it was said, Smith
caused trouble in Washington lurabei*
camps and a lumber company wrots
to s patriotic organization that Smith
was a menace and &t>ked that he b*
Smith was arreste^ at Cedar Fall?*