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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 11, 1920, Image 14

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18 Are Seized
In U. S. Raid on
Yonkers4Reds'
15 Men and 3 Women Taken
to Federal Building Are
Freed After Questioning
by Government Agents
Lawyer Halted at Island
Rose Weiss Brings $42,000
for Alien Deportees, but
Fails to See "Clients"
Department of Justice raiders re
Bumed their aetivities against alien
"Reds" yesterday afternoon in Yonkers,
where they arrested fifteen men and
three women. All were relea&ed after
bei. g qnestioned.
The names of those arrested, accord?
ing tc the raiding party, were found
bn pnpers taken in the recent raid on
the eifiice of the communist paper
"Novy Mir."
Rose Weiss, who is associated with
Charles Recht, attorney for most of the
"Reds." went to Ellis Island yesterday
with $42,000 in Liberty bonds and tele
grams from several of the prospective
? xi;es naming her as their attorney.
One of these telegrams was signed
"Room 208," and stated that it was
the desire of five hundred of those de
tained that she serve as their counsel.
Miss Weiss had Ji telegram from another
group of one Tiundrrd, and telegram*
from still others as individuals retaining
mn- as their counsel.
Woman to Ask Writ
Miss Weiss said one of the telegrams
she had received was from Oscar Ty
verowsky, executive secretary of the
Communist party in New York State.
She said that she was especially anx?
ious to see him. because she had re?
ceived information that Tyverowsky is
under the care of physicians because of
a beating administered by Department
of Justice agents at the time of his
arrest. She said an effort would be
made to have Tyverowsky brought be?
fore United States District Judge Knox
on a writ of habeas corpus.
Miss Weiss, however, returned to
Manhattan without having been p"fer
mitted to see any of her clients. Act
ing Commissioner of Immigration Uhl,
she said, had told her that he could
not recogtiize any such blanket re
tainer as the telegram signed "Room
203/| and in the cases of individuals
who had telegraphed her from Ellis
Island, he said, according to Miss
Weiss, that each of these wa3 from a
man who had refused to answer ques
tions at the preliminary hearings con
du'eted by immigration inspectors at
Ellis Island. Men who refused* to answer
questions at these hearings, Miss Weiss
said, she was told would be denied bail
and would not be allowed to see
counsel.
Mortena Immune from Arrest
Department of Justice officials here
announced yesterday that they had de
oided that while Ludwig C. A. K. Mar
tens is under subpoena by the United
States Senate that he is immune from
arrest.
Isaac Hourwich, counselor of the bu
reau of which Martens is the head, said
yesterday that he did not expect Mar?
tens and Nourteva would return to New
York until after they had appeared be?
fore the Foreign Relations Committee's
subcommittee that is inve3tigating
Bolshevik propaganda.
Cnuries Kecht, Martens's attorney,
said yesterday that a Senate sergeant
at-arms was coming from Washington
to serve a Senate subpoena on Gregory
Weinstein, who is held on a deporta
Tion warrant on Ellis Island.
Four alleged alien extremists, one of
thema woman, were released from Ellis
Island yesterday in $1,000 bail each.
*t was learned that onij about thirty
five preliminary hearings have beeu
complc-ted because practically all of the
"Reds ' have entered into a compact to
refuse -to answer quesilons until they
are permitted to be represented by
counsel.
Israel Salsburg, who descrihed him?
self as ? student at Rutgers, twenty
six years old, married and living at
80 West 129th Street, was arrested
when he went to the Department of
Justice offices to make some inquiries
about friends of his who were arrested
in the raids on Communist meeting
places last week.
A cable received here yesterday from
JCiel, Germany, conveyed news "of the
arrival there of the United States army
transport Buford, carrying 249 unde
?irable aliens deported from the United
States.
Nearly 500,000 "lWs"
In ISew York, Says Fess
"Time for Labor to Clean
House,9'' Member of- Congress
Telh the Republican Club
Representative Simeon D. Fess, of
Ohio, sneaking before the members of
the National ReDUblican Club at its
luncheon y%sterday, declared that there
ar- between 300,000 and F.00,000 per
sons in New York who believe in the
overthrow of the government by force.
"It.'s time for the labor circles of
the United States to cloan house," Mr.
Fess said. "Seventy-eight per cent of
the men in the Pittsbur^h district are
foreign born. I'd like to see the day
when a man who won't subscribe to
American institutions will be barred
from joining a union. We can send
these agitators out of this country"
Other speakeru at the luncheon were
Senator William M. Calder, of New
York, Admiral William S. Benson,
Judge Joseph Buffington. of the United
States Circuit Court of Appeals of
Penn?ylvan:a; and the Rev. Neheraiah
Bovttori.
Dr. Boypton said that there was a
time when a man with-a large familv
was considered fortuhatc, but to-dav.
he declared, a large familv is oftei.
regarded as an occasion for condoI*nce
Senator Calder spoke on the necd
ror more stnet immigration laws, and
decUred that 78 per cent of the people
Of New York city were either foreign
born or <ff foreign parentage.
Judge BufTington defended the for
eign-born residents of this country
and declared that there is a loyal as
well as a disloyal foreign press in
ISSfet: KTthe 8peiker rcfen-ed to
Franklin K. Lane, who in a native of
Ju ^Va\th? 8tronKe?t member of
ine vy>Dinet.
Senators Give Martens
Time to Get Counsel
Hearing of Soviet Envoy Set
for Tuesday, but Another
Postponement Is Ponsihle
WASHINGTON. Jan. 10.?Ludwig C.
A. K. Martenx, Russian Soviet "Am
hassador" to the United States, sub
pcenaed to appear Monday before the
Senate Foreign Relations sub-commit
t?e investigating Bolshevik propa
tanda, Was jfcrnnted a postponement to
ay by Senator Mos^h, Republican, of
New Hampshire, chairrnan, to enuble
him to ha*x- couficci prwwont.
Former Senator Thomaa Ht-rdwick,
of Geor?ia,and A. F. 1'illsbury form'i
Attorney General of Massaehusatti it
was reported to-day had be?n asked to
J-epresent Martena, whoxc appearance
l* rtow *ehedu!<-d for next Tu?*day.
Senator JMoser. said the hearing again
might be ponlixtntd, and that it was
f not certain that Martens would be the
first witness. The committee will meet
Monday to discuss procedure.
In this connectiof it was said the
possibility of Martens securing im
munity from Department of Justice de
portation proceedings by.testifying be?
fore the Senate committee was consid
ered without causip.g any change of!
plan. Representatives of Martens are j
lexpected to confer on Monday with
> Senator Mases.
lj it haa r.ot been determined whether I
, i the committee will call Oregory Wein
istein, o( th. Russian Soviet Bureau tn
New York,,held at Ellis Island under!
'? deportation proceedings. Senator Moses
said the committee must be able to
| obtain sufficient information from Mar
I tens and his secretary, Santeri Nuor- !
Iteva, without hearing Weinstein, whose
jappearance would have to be arranged
Iby the Department of Justice.
The questicn of the effect of Mar
tens's appearance before the Senate
(?Ommittee on any legal proceedings
contemplated against him was known
to have been considered also at the De?
partment of Justice. No decision waa
reached, but officials said the warrant
for his arrest would not be served un
Itil after he had tcstified.
i U. S. War on Radicals
Cames South America
I
To Prepare Campaign
i WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.?Aroused by
j the spread of the Bolshevik menace,
j South American countries are showing
j interest in the immigration and exclu
| sion laws of the United States, accord
' ing to Anthony Caminetti, Commission
, er General of Immigration.
Requests for information on the
j handling of aliens here are being re
] ceived, he said, from representatives of
'. the southern republics.
Brazil and Argentina are making the
1 most careful study of the immigration
j laws of the United States. ' Canada
, and the United States have much the
? same system, and if the Central and
j South American Republics pass similar
acts it 19 thought that the doors of tho
| whole Western World will be shut
against "Reds" and anarchists.
34 Detroit Deportees
Leave for New York To-day
I Spedat Correepondence
DETROIT, Jan. 10.?When the Wol
t verine leaves the Michigan Central
j station to-morrow afternoon it will
j trail a special coach bearing thirty
four aliens taken in Detroit during
I Movember "anti-Red" raids.
The departure of these aliens for
! Ellis Island had been scheduled for
j this afternqon, but Federal authorities
| granted them a day of grace in which
! to effect tinal adjustment of their af
! fairs here. The original "sailing
j orders" of the Detroit radicals bound
; for Soviet Russia included only thirty
I one names; three others were added
i to-day.
With Inspector Russell, sent from
the Immigration Bureau at Washing
; ton, in command, the revolutionists
will be under guard of live men se?
lected by immigration authorities here.
At Buffalo additional coaches carry
ing "Reds" from Chicago and Cleve
i land will be added to the train.
Hughes Denies Report
He Is to Defertd Martens
Charles Evans Hughes telephoned
from Glens Falls to his office in this '
city yesterday denial of a rumor that
he had been in conference in Washing
ton with L. C. A. K. Martens, so-called
Russian Soviet "ambassador," and that
Martens had retained him to fight de?
portation. 'Charles E. Hughes jr. said
it had reached his father's ears that
such a report was being circulated.
Mr. Hughes's statement follows:
"There is no truth whatever in the
story. I do not know Martens and
have not had any conference with him
in Washington or elsewhere. I have
not been retained to represent him or
any Socialist."
$250,000,000 Wanted
For Reclamation Plans
Special Correspondence
DENVER, Jan. 10.?United on a pro
gram for $250,000,000 for reclamation
i projects and prepared to meet the issue
| of cession of public lands to the com
monwealths, tewnty-eight officials from
| twelve Western states, including four
! Governors, two Lieutenant Governors
I and a former Governor, left Denver to
night for Washington.to take steps in
! the biggest reclamation and public land
? development campaign ever launched in
! the West.
There were six Governors in confer
| ence at the Brown Palace Hotel, where
differences as to the proper policy to
] pursue were settled. At the close of
J the conference a tentative agreement
j was reached whereby the reclamation ,
I appropriation necessary to cover a pro- I
j gram of a number of years was agreed '
I upon, and it was generally agreed that
the reclamation features ought to be
j pushed in legislation now pending.
I On.the other hand, if there is oppor
| tunity to prevent the cession of public
lands, tho executives are pledged to do
| what they can without imperiling the
| reclamation appropriation, which fn re
; cent years has been cut at the last
< minute.
I The committee will confer with the
; Congressional Representatives from the
yanous states interested on_its arriv'ai
j in Washington, January 13, and a gen
! eral conference of executives and West
I ern Senators and Representatives has
i been set for January 14.
Barring of
5 Socialists
Stirs Party
Contlnued from page 1
edge of the facts in the case of ne
cessity gives aid and comfort to those
elements of our society which seek
the destruction of our institutions."
Advised by Good Lawyers
Speaker Sweet is confident that the
decision of the Judiciary Committee
will justify the Assembly'a action.
Questioned on this point he said:
"There has been no undue haste in
this matter. I studied it carefully from
all angles for five weeks and the facts
were submitted to several eminent
lawyers. I am quite sure of my
ground."
The Speaker, whose action, it isi
fcared in some quarters, would cause a
party clash, insisted that the issue was
not a partisan one, but a stand for
clean-cut Americanism.
"It is high time that the people oi
the country are brought to a realization
of what is going on," he said.
Socialists Plan Battle
Taking as their slogan "This is a
great chance; let us make the most or
it," the five Socialist Assemblymen yes
tercJay opened their campaign to regain
.their seats. They spoke at three opon
air mass meetings, and attempted to
carry their appeal beyond their usual'
audience of Socialists to those upon
whom their propaganda ordinarily has
no elTect.
The' suspended Assembrymen ad
dressed an audience of 2,500 in three
meetings in the plaza at 110th Street
and Fifth Avenue. A squad of forty
policemen kept order as the Assembly?
men proceeded about the square from
meeting to meeting.
August Claessens, in whose Assembly
district?the 17th?the meeting was
held, was greeted with cheers as he
mounted the platform. He spoke with
a small American fiag at either side of
him. _ ?
Ballot Fraudh AJleged
Claessens indicated in part the defense
which the Socialists will make before
the Judiciary Committee. He chargfed
that thou?ands of hallots had been
?tolen from the Socialists in the last
^loction, both in Assembly districts
which they had lost and those which
they had won.
"In my district alone I have proof
that 1,400 ballots were stolen," he said.
"I won by sixty votes, and they were
only saved to me by the uprightness of
one policeman, who closed the door on
the bands of guerrillas who were going
about tampering with the ballots. Per
sonally I witnessed the theft of eighty
or ninety ballots. In the 4th Assembly
District, and in the 28th'and the 8th
Aldermanic districts 1 know the same
things were aone."
Claessens replied, oategorically, to
each of the charges brought against
the Socialist Assemblymen in the reso?
lution by which they were suspended.
Answers Each Charge
"Every Socialist believes in the in
temational Socialist revolution," he
said, replying to the first charge. "As
Speaker Sweet wou'd know, if he reads
the encyclopedia, that does not mean
we want to throw bombs and kill
people. It simply means that we ex
pect and fervently want the transfoi
mation of society from the capitalist
to the Socialist system. In some coun
tries it will come peacefully, in some
by violence. When the majority of
the American people want it it will
come here. We want it to come with?
out the shedding of a drop of *blood,
either of the workers or of the para
sitical capitalists.
"They say, further, that we have
sworn to obey the executive committee
of our party. They lie. But I do obey
the orders of my organization. What
is the use of an organization if it can
elect men to the Assembly and then
permit them to act independently? The
Democrats and the Republicans obey
their organizations. That was just
what they were doing when they put
us out. And they were obeying the
orders, not of the people, but of a
manufacturer."
Socialist Alderman Speaks
Abraham Beckerman, Socialist Al?
derman, who was chairman of the
meeting, said that for the first time
in several years the Socialist party
found itself fighting the cause of the
American people.
"If the majority of the American peo?
ple want to turn anarchist, they have
a right to do it," Beckerman said. "We
are not anarchists, but we are fighting
for the rights of the majority of the
people."
Samuel A. De Witt, another of the
suspended Assemblymen, read a poem
addressed to Speaker Sweet, written
on Assembly letterheads, in which the
Speaker was compared with Pontius
Pilate and the five Assemblymen to
disciples of Christ. Referring to Mr.
Sweet, he read:
"But lt wnn pitlful to see
A CjfHar in Ntupldlty."
A collection was made at the meeting
for the defense fund of $200,000 which
the Socialists are raising. The next
big step in the campaign to regain the
five seats will be a meeting of a mim
ber of liberal and radical groups in
-The Pcople's Home, 7 East Fifteenth
Street, to-morrow.
Lusk Issues Statement
In a statement issued last night,
Senator Clayton R. Lusk, chairman of
the joint legislative committee investi
gating seditiouB activities, declared
that the Assembly's suspension of the
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five Socialist members follows the
recent practice of Congress.
"The charge is that they as individ
uals stand for the overthrow of the
established state and national govern
ments by force and violence," said Sen?
ator Lusk.
The Socialist Assemblymen, in a
counter statement, declared that Sen?
ator Lusk is "evasive, non-committal
and contradictory."
"The same procedure would have
followed if charges had suddenly been
made against them of corrupt practices
i in their elections," Senator Lusk said.
I "Such charges, with sufficient evidence
| to make a prima facie case, would re
sult in their having to submit to a
j hearing before being seated. In fact,
j if a charge of any serious crime were
| made against an official between the
time of his election and the time of his
I taking his seat, the public would expect
! such charges to be cleared before he
! took office.
"This practice recently has been fol
I lowed in Congress. ? These cases are
: identical in principle.
"These men have not been challenged
: merely because they are Socialists, and,
of course, they will not be convicted '<
? and deprived of their seats merely be- i
? cause they are Socialists. The differ- !
| ence of opinion which has arisen over
the challenge made by the Assembly of
I their right to take their seats is prema
i ture because, obviously, any intelligent
I discussion must be based on the prJofs
i in the case, and whatever 4)roof8 thero
; are have not yet been put in evidence."
Assemblymen Are
A ngered at Sweet
House Leaders Not Con
sulted. They Say; Speak
er9s Future Is at Stake
Staff Correspondence
ALBANY, Jan. 10.? Lejrislators* here
over the week-end, including assembly?
men who voted for the suspension of
the five Socisllists pending their trial
on charges. are now regretting that
Speaker Sweet did not hold a confer?
ence of Republican leaders before he
ousted the Socalist delegation.
This opinion is shared by Republi?
cans and Democrats, for members of
both parties, with but six exceptions,
voted for the unseating of Assembly?
men Clnosse'hs. Orr, Solomon, Wald
man and De Witt.
It is safe to say that scarcely half
n dozen members of the Assembly
knew that Speaker Sweet was prepared
for the action he took.
Democrats Unurepared
Charles D. Donohue, Democratic
Leader of the Assembly, who voted for
the resolution suspending the Social- !
ists, when asked why the Democrats |
voted almost unanimously for the sus- j
pension, said:
"The first I knew of it was when
Speaker Sweet called up the five So- !
cialists before the bar of the House '
i and lectured them. The next I know '
was when the resolution was offered
. by the -majority leader. I assumed
j from the formidable phrases in the
resolution, and in the Spoaker's speecb
! to the Socialists, that there was real j
: evidence against the'five members sus- ?
pended."
? Several Republican members of tho j
' Legislature are discussing the advis- I
ability of some legislative-action to undo j
the work of Speaker Sweet, so as to
permit the Socialists to resume their |
j seats pending their trial.
May Curb Sweet's Powers
These Republicans. especially on the
Senate side, are openly critical of
Speaker Sweet's action. Some of them
are talking of calling a conference to
form a steering committe.: to prevent
the Speaker from carrying out any other
actions of a similar nature.
"Speaker Sweet," said one Repub?
lican legislator, "was evidently told by
some of his well meaning friends who
are backing him for the nomination for
Governor that thiB was the biggest card
he could play. He played it for all it
was worth. But it is time that the
Repubiican leaders in this state formed
some sort of a steering committee to
see to it that the majority party in the
Legislature is not made the tail to some
body's gubcrnatorial kite."
I If the steering committee is formed.
j it will mean the virtual supplanting of
I Speaker Sweet as leader of the lower
'. house. The feeling against him on the
; pnrt of the Assemblymen who voted for
the resolution, and many of them have
since expressed regret, is bitter.
Should the Socialists regain their
I seats it will mean the end, politically,
j of Speaker Sweet. It is now pretty ,
i generally conceded, even among his j
: friends here, that the reactions of his ;
ousting of the Socialists has ended j
his chanctis, whatever they were, of i
j winning the nomindtion for Governor. I
1 And the reseating of the Socialists I
! would mean, in the event of the Speak- I
i ers return to the Assembly next year as I
| the representative of Oswego County, !
i that he would have small chance of'
being chosen Speaker.
The blasting' of his political ambi
tions, if it should come tb pass, would
be a severe blow to the Speaker, for
he has nursed them tenderly for the
last six years. ?
Glynn Scores Speaker
Former Governor Martin H. Glynn,
in his newspaper, "The Times-Union,"
to-night declares that Speaker Sweet
and his associates are trying to hide
their "astounding revolutionary and
secretive procedure under the cloak of
patriotism."
"This is sickly camouflage," he says.
"This proceeding was simply a circus
stunt to attract attention and provide
political capital for Speaker Sweet and
his satellites who run the Assembly.
Maybe these Socialists should be sus?
pended, but the public has np proof of
this but Sweet's word, and no man ever
lived big enough* and'important enough
to have his mere *vord taken as the
reason for suspending the duly elected
representatives of any portion of the
people.''
Assembly Action
Scored in Senate
Borah and Thomas Assert
Ouster of Socialists
Will Aggravate Unrest
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.?Action of
the Now York Assembly in refusing to
seat five Socialist representatives on
the ground that the platform on which
thpy were elected was inimical to the
public interests. was condemned in the
Senate to-day by Senators Borah, Re?
publican, Idaho, and Thomas, Demo
crat, Colorado. They declared such
action invited violen'ce and lawless
ness.
Senator Borah declared the incident
war. one of the most remarkable in the
history of American politics. If mem?
bers of a legislative body could be ex
pelled for their political views, Re?
publicans or Democrats in Congress
could exclude each other from repre
sontation, he declared.
Upholds Right of Ballot
"To deny men the right to offoctuato
their plans through tne ballot," said
Senator Borah, "is only to invite them
to violence and lawlessness."
"Don't you also force them?" in
quired Senator Thomas.
"Yes," the Idaho Senator replied.
Senator Borah said there was no bet
ter way Socialistic doctrines could be
augmented and circulated than through
such methods.
?'There is no plac^ where a man is so
harmless as when he stands.alone in a
legislative body," Senator Borah said.
"lliat even :ipp!it-s to Congress."
Senator Thomas said the Socialists,
if denied their seats. would be driven
to revolutionary methods. While thoy
have, a "deiusion," he said, under the
Federal Constitution they have a right
to express their views.
Wants Seats Restored
"I trust that comnion sense," Senator
Thomas said, "if not aroused bv public
opinion in New York, will operate, and
operate very soon, on the majority in
the New York Assemb.y, and that they
will proceed to recognize these men
and give them their seats."
Without specififially mentioning the
Berger case, Senator Thomas said the
will of the public in selecting its rop
resentatives should be taken into con
sidcration, adding that the same thing
might be said of "incidents at the other
end of the Capitol" as had been said
of tho New York incident.
Referring to the Nonpartisan League
in North Dakota, Senator Thomas said'
that, while he opposed the organization
and believed its methods were inimical,
it had iong represented the sentiment
of the people in that state, and must be
tolerated.
Governor Sniith Sees
Mistake in Method
Of Socialist Ouster
The following statement was issueo
last night by Governor Smith at the
Waldorf, wherc he was attending the
Amen Corner dinner:
'Although I am unalterably opposed i
to the fundamental principles of thel
Socialist party, it is inconceivable that
a minority narty duly constituted and
legally organized Rhould be deprived
of its rights to expression so long as
it has honestly, by lawful methods of
education and propaganda, succeeded
in obtaining representation, unless
the chosen representatives are un'fit :
as individuals.
'It is true that the Assemblv has
aibitrary power to determine the I
qualifications of its membership, but
where arbitrary power exists it
should be exqreised with care and dis
cretion because from it there is no ap
pcal.
'If the majority party at present in
control of the Assembly possesses in?
formation that leads to belief that
these men are- hostile to our form of ;
government and would overthrow it by j
oroce.sses subvc"rsivo to law and or- !
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Bet. 35th and 36th Sts.
Phone 2044 Greeley
der, the charges should have been
presented in due form to the Legis?
lature and these men trieu by oruer
j ly processes.
"Meanwhile, presumablv innocent
| until proven guilty, they should have
I been allowed to retain their seats.
I "Our faith in American democracy
| is confirmed not only bby its result,
but by its methods a'nd organ of free
! expression. They are the safeguards
.against revolution. To discard .the
methpd of representative government
\ leads to the misdeeds of the very ex
l tremists we denounce and serves to
: increase the number of enemies of or
derly free government."
\ISew York Aldermen
Recognize Socialists
On All. Committees
The Committee on Rules of the Board
of Aldermen met yesterday and dis
posed definitely of the report that the
aldermen would take action airainst the
Socialist members of the bodv similar
to that of the State Assembly. It was
announced, after tho meeting at the
City Hall, that there would be'a Social?
ist on every committee appointed.
A list ol" the board's committees was
drawn up and^a set of rules drafted to
govern the conduct of the board during
the session of 1920-'21. The Repub?
lican minority, it was said, would be
given a representation of three or four
members on each committee, although
it had only two on the Committee on
Rules.
_ Both the rules and the make-up of
the committees will be made public
Tuesday, when they will be presented
to the efttire board for adoption.
"The Socialist irsue is dead so far as
the Board of Aldermen is concerned,"
said President La Guardia.
Socialist Editor Barred
From Speech in School
Charles W. Ervin, managing editor
of "The New York Call," who was to
have spoken this evening at the Brook?
lyn Civic Forum, Public School 84,
Stone and Glenmore avenues, Brooklyn,
has been barred by the Board of Edu?
cation. He was to have spoken on
"The Press and Public.Opinion."
Eugene C. Gibney, director of com
munity centers, vacation schools and
playgrounds for the Board of Educa?
tion, adviscd Nathan H. Seidman. di?
rector of the Brooklyn Civic Forum,
not to let Mr. Ervin speak because his
newspaper "is involvsd in a lawsuit
against the government o!' the United
States regdrding the action of the Post
master in denying the privilege of
second class mail to that paper."
Mr. Ervin declared last night that it
not only was no crime to sue the gov?
ernment, but that the law provided a
mcthod of doing so. "The Call's" ac?
tion, he said, was aimed against the
Postmaster General, who had used his
"autocratic" power to exclude it from
the mails. He declared that the Super
intendent of Schools had inspired Mr.
Gibney's letter.
Six Liners Carry 4,830;
Record Since Port Strike
Six steamships bound for European
and West Indian ports left New York
yesterday, with 4,830 passengers. It
was the largest sailing list of trans
atlantic voyajrers from this port since
strikes a-nd coal shortago berran to tie
up shipping h^re four months ago.
The Holland-America liner Nieuw
Amsterdam, for Rotterdam, carried the
greatest coninlomcnt, with 330 first
cabin, 325 second cabin and 1,100 steer
age passengers. The .saloon list was
made up largely of commmercial men
who are on their way to resume trade
with Germany and Austria. Also on
board were twenty-eight relief work?
ers for service in the Near East.
The White Star liner Celtic, for Liv
erpool, with 305 passengers, was de
layed in getting away, as her coal
bunkers Were not filled at sailinp: hour.
On the Celtic is Professor Lincoln
Hutchinson, of the University of Cali
fornia, who has been appointed eom
mercial attache of the United States
Embassy at London. Another is Colo
nel Norman C. Thwaites, former Brit
ish provost marshal in this city. He
is accompanied by his bride, who was
Mrs. E. W. Greenoue'n, daughter of the
late Frederic W. Whifridge.
La Touraine, of'the French Line, car?
ried 725 passengers for Havre; the
Canopic, for Naples, had 900; the
United States, for Copenhagen, 960, and
the Pa'stores, for the West Indies and
the Canal Zone, 125.
House Bars
Berger Again
As Foe's Aid
Continued from page 1
around him filled up, and he was there
to hear himself referred to time and
again as a "traitor" to his country.
But in all that time there was not more
than a man or two who stopped to
shake his hand or who spoke in passing.
and those did so hurried by to other
seats.
Berger Leaves Houae Unnoticed
1 When Representative Mann finished
j?his defense and an effort had been
! made unsuccessfully by Representative i
Sisson to obtain permission for Berger j
to speak in his own bchalf, Berger saw I
j the end had come. He left his seat.'
shrugged his shoulders and walked up
: the aisle to the Republican cloakroom,
unnoticed. A few minutes later he left'
the floor.
In his attack upon the resolution Mr. j
Mann said:
"Mr. Berger has been elected anew
to this House by a majority of those
who voted in his district at the special
election, and to me the question is :
whether we shall maintain inviolate*
the representative form of government i
by which people who desire changes in ;
the fundamental or other laws of the
land shall have the right to be repre- I
sented on the fioor of this House when \
they control a majority of the votes |
in a Congressional district.
"Has it come to the point that a
man who believes certain things cannot
be heard.V His people, his constitu
ents, desire him to represent them.
Is it our duty to say to his constituents, !
'You shall not select one man'? Then
we might quite as well say 'You may
not select another.' It is not our duty
to select a Representative frcm this
Congressional district. That is the ?
duty of the people back at home.
"If Mr. Berger believed that the Con- !
stitution should be abolished and a new:
Constitution written in its place, and
his peoDle selected him to present these j
views in the legal body where they i
could be considered, his people have'
that right. And when we propose to i
meet argument by force we are losing j
our strength in the matter. We can I
argue these questions, before the peo-1
ple.
"I am not afraid of the coptinuance |
of a representative, democratic gov- j
ernment in this country. I am not;
afraid to trust to the linal judgment '??
of the people. I am perfectly willingi
that my constituency shall have the ;
right to select practically whom it
pleases to espouse their cause. I am I
willing to answer their contention be
fore the people."
Representative Yates, of Illinois, in-1
terrupted: "I want to know if vou j
think we ought to admit to this House
a disloyal man? I do not think you
do," be said.
"After all," said Mr. Mann. in reply.
"the question or what is a disloval
man is not to be determined by ihe
ger.tlemen from Illinois, my colleague,
or myself. You may have the power
to do it, but you will not be wise in
exercising that power."
Civil War Veteran Opposes Ousted
Representative Sherwood, of Ohio, a
Civil War veteran who is more than
eigfity years old. opposed the r.. t.
tion because he did not believ. W1*
preesive legiaiation." He pXt?>
a waming to the House" tfi? >
Sociahst vote in his own di.trtL !*?
mcreased enormously after ? *??
Debs was sent to the penit/ntiS?'*
Representative Voi?t saidI k*
more firmly convinced than .?. !?<
Berger should be seated bv th7? ^
"If you say Victor Be-JeY11?1*
traitor,"Voigt Continued,"vou??11 *
consin^LS^ ta *?W*
B,;i?oenrroafrTexash?U,Cd R^?ntetn,
"There are not," said Mr v,
They're just as loysl as ? ,? i ?"?
country." r *8 any in tkf
"No!" shouted many member.
Mr. Voigt then referredto ?k
the 6th Wisconsin constituJ " ?H
purchased Liberty bSS?2jX3
otherwise in the war. DelW
"On that theory." interr.m?-j ?
resentative Green. of VermSt * *??
Iscar.ot waf treaaurer of ff tJL1M
Apostles up*to the time he comS?h
one act." c?raraitt*i
Mr. Voigt told the House it ?
playing "poor politics." and mL?P
throwing out Berger "it Zu! '?
2 000,000 SociaHsts^row SS! St
000 crow now ' *,Wtl,.
Mondell Invokee Cnstitutlca
KeDubhcan Leader Mondell ??.u .
sue with Mr. Mann. decfarij &*?
argument that Berger muat be ,LS
because he received a majority ?*!
special election runs counter ^ ,J*
fundamenta! law. After quott^ -*?
t.on 3 of the Kourteonth AnVenZ* !*
the Constitution. which S ^^
ble as a member of Congrea, am- Z'
son who has enKaged in inaurreetioJV"
rebellien. or who has rfven ,id 0, , cr
fort to the enemie. of SJ iffi
States. Mr. Mondell concludej. 1
'This Hou.se. through one* of k,
committeeB, examined the reeorj 5
Mr. Berger That recortla, Jffi ?
torc the House and the argumem.
made ,n support of it aatistied e?n
member of this bodv then orewnt '
o?e, that Victor BeryJha/SS'iffi;
ot violatmg a law of tho Union*Th,
he had given aid and comfort to tiS
enemies of the country. that he m.
not eligible; and notwithstandiiwwh?7
any people anywhere rnav have don. i?
his behalf under the 0on?tHuUon "
the United States, we cannot m?
him. ""*
Socialists Renominate
Berger; Governor Won't
Call Special Election
Sprrial Corrrnjtondttiu
MILWAUKEE, Jan. 10. Victor L.
Berger was renominated as the Social
ist candidate for Congress from the
5th Wisconsin District within a f?w
minutes after word of his being denied
a seat in the House reache 1 MUwaukw.
This action was taken at a special ses
sion of the-Milwaukee County executive
committee of the Socialiat party. Th?
vote was unanimous.
Following the meeting the commit
tee issued a statement in which it aaid:
"We will keep ori nominating hVrge
until hades freezes over. if that un
American aggregation called Coamaj
continues to exclude him."
Governor K. T. Philipp when in
formed that Berger had again baea
ousted by ConKies^. reiterated that ht
would not call ar.other special #l?c
tion."
' ImportantSaleClearance
50 Black Dinner Gowns
i $19to$79
tjf-- JT^XQUlSlTE model gowns in Vtj. Ucei anc j
ftiy^ap' llJy Beaded tissues- formerly Maxon pri ed $29
j'.V lo $139. Elsewherc much more! All are n
? | hibition models?shorvroom lamples rherefore,
!ji)' though luxisrious and chic bey( n-J imagining, they ,
:f can he marked by Maxon y amazingly low pri< ei!
j Unique Semi-Annuz! Ctearance Sale
, Vaiues, aiso, in superh l:\ening Oowtu
i and Wraps, and Day Coats.
Maxon Model Gpwns
1587 BJtQAQWAY, COR. 48TH ST.
<>n?? flight up. Kleviitor or Sluiruay
FUrit's Fine Furn
GlZARANTEED
REDUCTIONS
10% to 50%
A REMARKABLE V&LUE-GIVING
SALE OF DEPENDABLE FURNITURE
This is the present situation in the furniture
industry:
?2 Factories are sold out for 1920?in some
instances well into 1921.
?8 Manufacturers will accept orders only at
"prices prevailing at the time of shipment "
?I Manufacturing costs have been steadily
advancing and are not yet at their peak
?J Production of high-grade furniture is
necessanly slow and the demand far ex
ceeds the supply.
Notwithstanding these conditions, our unusual
manufacturing facilities have enabled us-to
assemble for this occasion a large collection of
furniture built to our high standard of quality
Complete suites for the Dining Room, Bedroom
and Living Room, as well as many odd pkces.
at prices below today's cost of productioru
No orders n>dl be accepted from dealers or decorators
Unentate/somesticRugs.
Draperies.
| FUrit & Horner Cp inc
ao-afcWeat 36tK5t. .
II
lilllliiiiiinilH

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