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Women's Rights Take Big Step Forward in England
Seven Women, Including Mrs. Lloyd George and Mrs. Humphry Ward, Have
Been Elevated to the Judiciary; Merely the Restoration of an
Ancient Privilege, Says Mrs. Pankhurst >
By Hannah Mitchell
OUR American youth and en?
thusiasm often make us
positive that we are far
ahead of our English rela?
tives when it comes to anything pro?
gressive. But there is this to be
said: When Great Britain makes
a progressive move she never does
it by halves, and sometimes she
really, for all her lack of publicity,
Of course we had a woman mem?
ber of Congress before Lady Astor
pioneered in the English House of
Commons. And we have our women
members of the judiciary, about
whom much has been written.
Kathryn Sellers, is 'the first woman
Federal judge in this country. She
was appointed to the juvenile court
in Washington, D. C. Mrs. Jean
Norris, our first New York woman
judge, appointed last fall by Mayor
Hylan for a term of thirty days,
received the appointment recently to
fill out the term left by Mr. Cur
ran's resignation to become Borough
But let us not forget that Eng?
land gave universal suffrage to
women before our Senate could see
the light. And recently Great Brit?
ain appointed seven women to places
as magistrates at one fell swoop.
The women upon whom England
has conferred these new responsi?
bilities represent varying interests
and types. They are Mrs. Lloyd
George, Mrs. Humphry Ward, the
Marchioness of Crewe, Lady Lon?
donderry, Mrs. Sidney Webb, Miss
Elizabeth Haldane and Miss Ger?
Mrs. Lloyd George is representa?
tive of the advanced, clear-thinking
helpmeet of a statesman who has
risen from obscurity to a place of
Mrs. Humphry Ward is of an
older generation. She has for years
opposed woman suffrage and many
of the advanced moves of women.
At the same time the welfare work
she herself did and the superiority
of her work as an author and a
woman citizen have been forceful
arguments and motives for the ad?
vancement of the cause of women.
Lady Londonderry and the Mar
.iflioness of Crewe represent the
youth of England. They are of the
generation that, though reared to
luxury and idleness, stepped into
the emergencies of the war and
proved itself thoroughbred.
The "Great Unpaid"
These places as magistrates are
among those called the "Great Un?
paid" of England. The judiciary,
besides the high court correspond?
ing to our Supreme Court, consists
of two kinds of magistrates: The
aries and must be barristers of high
The honorary magistrates, or the
"Great Unpaid," are persons of high
standing in the kingdom, persons to
whom some honor is due. It is not
necessary that these persons have
any legal training whatsoever for
Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst, who
was in New York last week, said
in regard to the appointment of the
"Women are simply getting back
the rights they lost in 1830, when
The Marchioness of Crewe,
daughter of Lord Rosebery,
at left; below, Mrs. Lloyd
stipendiary magistrates and the the franchise was extended to mer
honorary magistrates. The sti- of the non-property holding class
pendiary magistrates receive sal- Before that time women property
owners had the same rights that
men of their class had. They voted
in many counties; they held office,
and I believe they acted as judges.
"In England the office of sheriff is
of much more importance than it is
in America. Jt is a position of dig?
nity and considerable authority. I
know that there are cases on record
where women were sheriffs, and
their holding such high places as that
makes one feel sure they must have
been among the honorary magis?
Cases Affecting Children
"The honorary magistrates usual?
ly sit on the bench when stipendiary
magistrates are hearing cases. They
decide such cases as come before
your municipal courts. Petty cases
are within their jurisdiction.
"These women who have been ap?
pointed to the judiciary probably
will have jurisdiction over cases af?
fecting women and children. They,
no doubt, will sit in cases similar to
your juvenile court cases and the
suits brought up in your domestic
relations courts. Child welfare and
the welfare of the mothers of the
nation will be the interests of our
new women judges.
"Since woman suffrage was
adopted in England women's rights
to partake in every line for which
they are fitted have been gradually
and quietly extended. That is one
of the reasons we worked for suf?
frage. We believed, in fact we
knew, that if we had the franchise
the ways would be open on all sides.
After that was granted?restored
is the better word?no other rights
would have to be sought. They'would
simply come to us in the due course
"You see what has happened.
These women magistrates have been
appointed without any solicitation
on their part, so far as I know. Ox?
ford and Cambridge have decided
women may receive degrees from
their colleges. A woman was re?
cently accepted by the Benchers of
Lincoln's Inn as av student for the
bar. She will be England's first
woman barrister. Women physicians
were accepted and encouraged on
equal terms with men during the
war and made a place for them-,
selves in the reconstruction. Women
dentists recently have been ap?
pointed to places in the school clin
ics. And so it goes. None of these
places was open to women without
the suffrage, and all are perfectly
natural and taken, for granted now
that we have it."
The appointment of Mrs. Lloyd
George was one to be expected.
The wife of the Prime Minister has
been actively interested in politics
and civic welfare for years. She
has gone hand iri hand with her
husband and kept abreast of the
times and new problems. It is be?
lieved that some of his ideas were
Mrs. Lloyd George is a sincere
person, simple in taste and honest
in conviction. She was the daughter
of a farmer and a girl of high spirit
and great beauty. She married
when quite young and has been the
companion and. trustworthy com?
rade of Lloyd George in his career.
Mrs. George's Services
During the war Mrs. Lloyc
George went in for the usual activi?
ties that were adopted by women
of her class, and she added ideas
and campaigns of her own to thi
general trend of public need. A1
one time she led in calling atten
tion to the fact that the shortag?
of school teachers in England wa?
growing at an alarming rate. Muni
tions factorie's, the land army an?:
numerous other seemingly mon
patriotic vocations were attracting
young women who would have beei
preparing to teach otherwise, an<
the larger wages paid in these line
were attracting old and staid schoo
teachers away from their lifeloni
Mrs. Lloyd George called atten
tion to the fact that the welfar
and education of the coming gen
eration were matters of the firs
importance, especially in war time
She urged organized effort to ge
;eachers back into the schoolroon
und to promote the attraction o:
;he teaching profession for younf
women inspired to careers.
Among the civic interests h
which Mrs. Lloyd George was espe
2ially active is that of baby wel
fare. She has been a supporter o
the day nurseries and other wor
for saving babies and making lif
easier for the unfortunate ones
She has been sympathetic an
solicitous for the welfare of worl
ing women and for their educatioi
A club for women war workers in
London was sponsored by her.
Politically, Mrs. Lloyd George has
had a wide experience. She has
taken part in her husband's cam
paigns, making speeches and winning
many friends for him. Recently she
turned her attention to Lady Astor's
candidacy and went to Plymouth to
help campaign. She was a fine
drawing card for Lady Astor's meet
! ings, even though none was needed ;
and made a typically feminine cam?
paign speech of the best type, say?
ing she had hoped for great things
from women in politics. She said
Lady Londonderry (at right)
in uniform of the English
Women's Volunteer Reserve;
below, Mrs. Humphry Ward
that a number of women were | the woman who was wife, mother
needed in Parliament and that the I and politician.
right kind of woman candidate was i Mrs. Humphry Ward represents
THE BLACK SIREN?By Gabriel Volland"
Translated by William L. McPherson
(Copyright, 19S0, New York Tribune. Inc.)
re is a vivid and colorful war story?from the pen of an accomplished writer in that field.
SHE made a sensation the first
evenir": she appeared in the
dining room -of the fashion?
able seaside hotel. She had
! arrived in the afternoon and had 3e
' scended from her room in a goWn
! which was at once sober and brilliant
! --sober because it was black and
; brilliant because it was ornamented
| with jet, which sparkled under the
! innumerable electric lights. Her bare
arms, her shoulders and her neck
i stood out in a dazzling white against
i her somber costume. She had an air
; of mystery. Her enigmatic smile,
her searching glance, that stately,
haughty and triumphant way of en?
tering the crowded room caught
everybody's attention and provoked
i murmurs of curiosity and discreel
; comment. Her green eyes, changing
! in hue like sea water in a storm, trav?
eled slowly and tranquilly arounc
the dining hall. The same shade oi
green appeared against her pearly
j neck in a collar of emeralds, whicl
j looked like drops of water drawr
? from the depths of the ocean. Shi
j charmed and she disquieted.
Since it was at the seashore, ?
| young man expressed the genera
; feeling when he whispered:
"She has the air of a siren?of i
i black siren."
This young man sat near tb
strange woman. Did she hear hi
curious definition? At that momen
her red lips parted in a smile whicl
was a little cruel, for her d?licat
upper lip seemed to sharpen to ;
point like a thorn instead of openin
like a rosebud. Her green eyes fae
tened for an instant on the make
of this highly personal remark.
But with her black and scintillai
ing gown, which made one think o
the scales of a siren; with her emer
aids, which seemed filled wit
frrcen water; with her strange loolt
at once keen and far away, such a
^sailors have who are accustomed to
the spaciousness of the sea and the
immensity of the sky?by her cos?
tume and her physical appearance
alike this woman fully justified the
young man's description.
The name of "the black siren" was
then to stick to her, and to take on a
sinister significance one day, at low
tide, among the rocks of the stormy
Breton sea coast. But to-day she
had just arrived at the hotel.
She registered as Mme. Diane de
Dramond. Her baggage was sump?
tuous. A maid accompanied her.
Mme. de Dramond appeared to be
about thirty years old. She said she
was a widow and willingly engaged
in conversation. Consequently it was
?promptly perceived that this myste
, rious black siren was, in fact, an
agreeable lady, who wore dark clothes
because she was in mourning and
who.exposed her shoulders and arms
because it was warm and her period
if grief was nearing its end. There
was nothing extraordinary nor cen
' surable in all that. But people al
I ways love to imagine prodigy and
| mystery in the lives of others. It
j seems to them that the barriers oi
| privacy conceal either a paradise 01
' an inferno?excessive happiness 01
i extreme misfortune. And if they an
! not sure of the facts they resort t<
Moreover, Mme. de Dramond had t
physical blemish which was the caus<
of much astonishment and gossip.
She had a scar on her right shoul
der, very near the neck. And it wa;
of recent date, to judge from th?
rosy color of the new flesh. On?
could have said that she showed the
scar as a soldier shows his glorious
wound. She never sought to conceal
it with a scarf pr to whiten it over
with powder, as it would have been
very easy to do.
This scar attracted everybody's
notice. Mme. de Dramond submitted
calmly to this silent investigation.
She was always smiling. It was a
drama of passion, some insinuated.
Finally, when she had aroused uni?
versal curiosity, she explained, with
a modesty which moved her hearers,
that she had received the scar when
the steamer was torpedoed on which
she was returning from America to
France. That was in 1916, shortly
after the death of her husband, who
had been in the United States on
business. She allowed them to ex?
tract from her some of the confused
details of that tragic night, when she
found herself bleeding and half dead,
the victim of a formidable explosion.
She shuddered yet at that terrible
memory, which she was very averse
to recalling. Her nerves were still
on edge, and that was why she had
came to take a long rest in the hotel,
before returning to America to look
after her property interests there.
Thereafter the black siren en
joyed an affectionate consideration
She was a sort of heroine, a victim
whom a big, red wound on her white
neck had almost delivered into th<
maw of the devouring sea.
M. Glamat, a bachelor of forty
who had just arrived at the hotel
was much taken with the charmer
Ho followed her in her walks, wat
always at her service, devoted with-1
out ever being importunate. She |
showed that she was impressed by
that homage to her beauty.
He was a taciturn man, who
dreamed much, seemingly lost in far
off memories. He attracted hardly
I any attention,. being thrown in the
shadow by the more aggressive
younger men. If he had not paid
court to Mme. de Dramond he would
have been absolutely inconspicuous.
The ribbons of the Legion of Honor
and the Croix de Guerre ornamented
his coat. His left hand was always
gloved and the fingers of it never
One evening Mme. de Dramond,
who, without doubt, contemplated
without displeasure the idea of a
possible remarriage, made an en?
gagement to meet this gallant man
on the edge of the cliffs.
The moon flooded the waves with
silver. The ocean murmured its pa?
thetic plaint. They came out to thh
wild and romantic spot to speak of
love, to exchange vows, perhaps
Still silent, they walked along slow,
ly, awaiting the moment of confes
sion. Mme. de Dramond was anx
ious. Her famous robe of jet spar
kled through an opening in her cloak
Her cold emeralds shone about he
neck. M. Glamat pushed some peb
bles with his cane. They fell fron
the cliff into the abyss below. Hi
gloved left hand hung motionless
Some distance back, toward th
hotel, a young girl was singing. I-Ln
slight her voice seemed, contondin.
againut the orchestra of the sea
One by one the hotel lights were es
1 tinguished. An hour later M. Glamat
He had said to his companion:
"Let's sit down."
Hypnotized, a little frightened,
she obeyed. She sat on a rock. He
remained standing up, however,
There were no witnesses but the
sea and the sky?two immensities,
one silent, the other hoarse and
They were alone.
* He began, not with the soft voice
which begs and solicits (as she had
expected), but in a rude tone, con?
trasting sharply with his customarj
mildness and reserve. It was a verj
"I know M. de Dramond."
^She was astonished and answerec
with a note of self-pity:
"Ah! really! My poor hus?
He interrupted her.
"I also know Mme. de Dramond.'
"Yes, his mother. An exjcellen
"Not his mother, his wife."
"His wife? Why, my dear sir,
am his wife, if I don't deceive nty
self. Unless he married again, with
out my knowing it."
She laughed, the beautiful blacl
siren, at her companion's extrava
gant statement. The jet of her gow:
scintillated in the moonlight. It wa
surely the rays of that pale sate!
lite which made her look bo pale.
The man bent over toward hei
Fixing her eyes with his, he said i
a harsh, hasp, voice:
"I have played the comedy of lov
in order to inspire your confidence
and unmask you. M. and Mme. de
Dramond are both dead. Both were
killed on a torpedoed ship, leaving
no family. One day, in Flanders, an j
officer ordered his men to fire on a j
<i>woman who had given information |
to the enemy. That day she con- ;
ducted an enemy patrol to an estate
which she thought we had aban?
"Jt was the family estate of the
de Dramonds. The woman, wounded,
succeeded in escaping. I am the
officer. The woman"?;?
The dead hand, the mutilated
hand, of the officer was laid upon the
"The woman? Your shoulder tes-1
i tifies that she is before me. Isn't
that true, Emilie Routilie, formerly
femme de chambre of Mme. de Dia?
The widow got up.
"You are mad ! Let me go, mon- \
sieur! I pardon you these calumnies :
because of your wound."
She trembled with indignation,
standing erect on the edge of the
cliff at whose foot the sea thundered.
The mutilated officer said:
"Justice is forewarned. It will i
| see if my proofs are sufficient. Don't
try to escape, as you did in Flan?
ders. It is useless!"
He returned to the hotel, leaving
the woman cruelly insulted, pale,
nervous, almost hysterical, alone in
And the next day, at dawn, a fish
"erman found the black siren lying
on the pebbly shore. The waves cov?
ered her scintillating dress,' whose
jet ornaments seemed like scales. A
sea star sealed the adventuress's
She bad .thrown herself from the
cliffs. It was a confession. * i
another type of public-spirited worn
an. She has done as much in her
way as the women of Mrs. Lloyd
George's type, but she has worked
i from another angle. The name of
? Humphry Ward had been made fa?
mous by her husband. Early in her
I life Mrs. Ward started writing. .Her
, work was popular and the family
| soon found it had another famoui
? member. Her career as an author
; soon made Mrs. Ward one of the
prominent women of England, and
she was called upon as a supporter
I of many welfare movements. In
many of these she was indeed a pio
; necr, and yet she resented the term
j and the method of the feminist.
The Other Type
The suffragists and their militant
ways were particularly distasteful
j to Mrs. Humphry Ward, and she
| fought them openly. She was es
j pecially opposed to granting woman
! suffrage in war time.
In one of her stories she drew a
i picture of the militants and of one
'striking "feminist" in particular.
j The young lady is an attractive and
j amazing person in the story.
! In 1914 it was reported that Mrs.
! Ward was one of the loaders of a
! movement to overthrow the suffrage
| movement. The pian was that of an
! antidot?, or rather a kind of vaccina?
tion that would make the country
safe against progressive women. The
idea was roughly described as a
women's parliament within Parlia?
ment. As Mrs. Ward worked out
the scheme, it called for a joint ad?
visory committee, composed of mem?
bers of Parliament and of women so?
cial workers. Ten women were to
represent, so ' far as possible, in
C()ual proportion both the Minis?
terial and Unionist partios and both
sides of the woman suffrage ques?
tion. The sole aim and object of the
committee was to consider and press
forward needed legislation on behalf
of women and childr?
One of the principal arguments of
woman suffrage at that time was the
need for women's voles on question*
concerning women and children.
Mrs. Ward's plan wouid have drawn
the teeth of the suffrage argument.
Years ago Mrs. Ward -tood for
welfare work for children. Shew?? .
one of the first persons to sup?
port playground work. The educa?
tion of cripples was another of her
recommendations, arid this years be?
fore the need for such education
that has been felt situe the groat
war was manifest. Mrs. Ward ??
nearly severity years old.
Two of tin.* younger judges are
the Marchioness of Crowe and Lsdj
Londonderry. Tic Marchioness o?
Crowe is the daughter of Lord Rose
bery. Before her marriage she was
Lady Margaret Primrose, more fond?
ly known as "Peggy.'' Her mother
was the only daughter of the 1st*
Baron Meyer de Rothschild- Tne
Marchioness was active in-war wort
Lady Londonderry made some?
thing of a name for herself while
the war was on. She wont in for ac?
tive service and was a leader in some
of tho most difficult work of the war.
Ono of her plans which became fa?
mous was the Legionary, to m?*0
domestic service an onrani/.ation a?