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Both "Wets" and "Drys" See a Moral in Poison Whisbi
THE DESERT mS /TS DEMON WE NEW BAIZ-BEW4ZE?-*
THE NEW B4RTENPER
IT ALL depends on the point of
view. The scores of deaths
throughout the country, as a. re?
sult of drinking whisky concocted
from wood alcohol are pointed to by
the "wets" as proof of the iniquity
of prohibition. The "drys," on the
other hand, urge the terrible nature
)f the drink habit in general, in that
t impels its "slaves" to risk even
ieath to satisfy their appetites.
But, regardless of whether the
particular writer is "wet" or dry,"
the editorial .opinion of the country
is unanimous in,its demand for the
punishment of the makers of wood
"It is plain murder," comments
"The Baltimore News," and it is
typical of the great bulk of editorial
opinion in the daily press. "The
News" says, in part:
"There is a sense in which this dire
business has nothing to do with pro?
hibition. It is plain murder and
murder of the most sordid kind?
that inspired by the greed for a few
dirty dollars. The new law may have
been the occasion for it, but the
cold, unscrupulous purpose back of
it is one that sticks at nothing. It
is no excuse to* say that the law was
tyrannical and forced men to des
1?MM^??mm^mmalS?T' ??"-'?*"gii 1S
perato measures. If we put the
question of conscience as to break?
ing law entirely out of it, the price
demanded was so large that the
makers of this deadly 'whisky'
could wejl have afforded to purchase
the purest stock. Some yet remains.
Their first crime was that of tak?
ing money under false pretenses, of
receiving money for goods which
were not what they purport to be."
"The Indianapolis News," in an
editorial entitled "Wood Alcohol,"
places the blame on those whose job
was to enforce the prohibition act.
"Eastern dispatches report that
after several people had died 'the
authorities closed the saloons.' The
wood alcohol whisky had been sold
openly over the bars. The illegal
traffic had been going on without
much fear of arrest or conviction.
Some of the blame rests with the
officials whose sworn duty it was to
enforce the law. In some communi?
ties where the law was unpopular no
effort was made to see that it was
observed. If the authorities through?
out the country had assumed a firm
attitude in dealing with booze ven?
ders and had made it plain that
booze could not be sold, there would
have been fewer deaths."
"The Detroit Journal," express
ing its opinion, declares that "there
are others who must bear a part of
the blame," and it continues:
"They are the Federal, state and
municipal authorities who are sup
'posed to prevent the sale of alleged
intoxicants?the boards of health
which are supposed to guard the
health and safety of the public?the
members of medical societies whose
duty it Is to instruct the public in
the danger of promiscuous guzzling.
Let these agencies function as they
should and there will be an end to
the drinking of poison as a beverage
and to the inevitable aftermath of
"It does not require special prohi?
bition laws to deal with men of this
kind," says "The Cleveland Plain
Dealer," "as there are homicide laws
on the statute books of every state
in the Union which are adequate to
provide punishment. It is conceiv?
able that' few of the victims have
drunk the stuff in full understanding
of its toxic potency/' comments the
same paper. ,?
"The great majority have undoubt?
edly been dupes of the concocters
and have imbibed the poison in the
belief that it was not harmful. Such
men must be protected, not by pro?
hibition laws which do not as yet
III ..._ , ? ?Il -?-'
completely prohiuu, but by the es?
tablished and workable laws against
murder. Publicity may diminish the
number of victims, but not till the
mixing and dispensing of poison
booze has been mercilessly punished
will there be an end of this detesta?
In the view of the Anti-Saloon
League it is not legitimate news,
says "The Philadelphia Record,"
commenting editorially on the views :
of the "dry" organization.
"According to the Anti-Saloon
league 'the "wets" are carrying on a
widespread propaganda in at least
eight different lines of attack upon
the Eighteenth Amendment.' If the
ether seven are similar to that which
involves a wide publicity for deaths
due to the drinking of wood alcohol,
the 'drys' are in for some annoying
days ahead. The newspapers are go?
ing to publish the truth, whether it
reflects unfavorably on the workings
of prohibition or not. They will give
the favorable side, too, so that read?
ers may draw their own conclusions.
Newspapers, having more independ?
ence and conscience than Congress?
men, will not allow their opinions
and policies to be directed exclusively
by the Anti-Saloon League in a mat?
ter of such vital public interest."
Vienna Is Down and Out,
But Budanest Is the
Home of Optimism
CONDITIONS et Vienna and
Budapest, formerly the
proud capitals of the Haps
burg Empire, but now re?
duced by defeat to misery and insig?
nificance, are compared by the cor?
respondent of "The London Times."
"If It was ?always eaay to draw a
contrast between Vienna and Buda?
pest the task to-day is easier than
?ver. The two cities are now spir?
itually the antithesis the one of the
fcther, with the balance, so far as
material comforts are concerned,
heavily in favor of Budapest.
' "The casual stranger coming to
Vienna would not, perhaps, realise
at first into.what a plight the city
ha? fallen. So long as he remains
in the wealthy quarters of the town
be will And shops still stocked with
furs, jewelry, leatherwork goods
and the hundred and one articles of
luxury that one finds only In a proud
capital; he will find the opera and
theaters in foil swing? he will Una
the same crowds fa the countless
caf?s, the same luxurious hotels,
li?t disillusionment com?? quickly.
"When i left Vienna three days
I ago the, population was undergoing
a reduced weekly ration which al?
lotted 1,027, grams (about 2 pounds)
of bread and 126 grams (Y*. pound)
of cooking flour to hard workers,
and 687 grams (a little over one
pound) of bread and ?125 grams of
cooking flour to other people. The
children even of well-to-do people
apply to be fed at the kitchens in?
stituted by the American and other
"Nourishing food is the universal
desideratum. To quote a personal
?exp?rience t I brought with me to
Vienna a year ago several tins of
dripping, some of which I have em?
ployed as dubbin on the leaky paper
shoes that one buys there in ex?
change for equally worthless paper
money. An Austrian friend was hor?
rified at such profusion, and, acting
on his hint, I now find that if one
want? to ee? an official quickly or
get anything done, a tin of dripping
has all the persuasive eloquence of
the sovereign? which Sherlock
Holmes used to handle abstractedly
before dilatory hansom cab drivers,
"In Budapest the food conditions
are distinctly better. Such ration
ing a? exists is more honored in the
breach than in the observance. Meat?
less days are unknown, and if the
poor do not get a regular supply of
bread, and if sugar and potatoes are
practically unobtainable, the work?
men are somehow obtaining a suf?
ficiency of vegetables and other farm
"In Vienna one cannot walk fifty
yards down the Ring without being
accosted by beggars. Apart from
war cripples, I have never yet seen
a beggar in Budapest. This fact is
significant of the entirely different
spirit animating the two countries
to-day. The Austrian is utterly
down and out. He appears to have
no energy left except to sit in caf?s
and read the newspapers during the
day time and to listen to music in
the same caf?s during the evening.
"With very few exceptions the
government is equally spineless, and
the conditions in general are not un?
like what obtained here under the
Karolyl r?gime. The provinces are
in no mood to aid a capital where
the soldiers and workmen's councils
have long instituted a system of Bol?
shevism au lait, and if Vienna avoids
falling into the same abyss as did
Budapest it will be due more to the
apathy even of the revolutionaries
than to'any energetic counter meas?
ure of their opponents.
"Budapest is in a very different
frame of? mind. The reaction from
Bolshevism and the departure of the
Rumanians have induced a strongly
national, even a chauvinistic, tem?
per among the people. Sensible,
clear-thinking men, such as the
Prime Minister, M. Huszar, or Ad?
miral Horthy, may see well enough
what is in Hungary's interest, but
large sections of people, including
even business men, speak freely of
the inevitable revanche against the
Rumanians and of the certitude that
the Slovaks will soon come hack
again automatically to Hungary.
"One should not, perhaps, take
this exaltation too seriously, but it
cannot have escaped notice that
among the conditions of recognition
of the Huszar government Sir George
Clerk laid down that the Hunga?
rians were to abstain from making
any attack' upon their neighbors and
were to respect the provisional
boundaries of the country pending
the final delimitation by the peace
conference. The conclusion of peace
and the restoration of normal condi?
tions with a democratically elected
Parliament will doubtless do much
to turn men's minds into more peace?
ful channels, but an impartial ob?
server is bound to record the pr?s
ent national excitement and even to
admire the elasticity of temperament
which can so quickly recover from
three months of enemy occupation
superimposed upon the long months
of Bolshevism under Count Karolyi
and Bela Kun."
HPHERE are malcontents who?
be theirs a chronic case of phi?
losophic pessimism or just liver?are
doing their darnedest?as General
Sir Julian Byng might have said
before Cambrai, but didn't?to per?
suade their contemporaries that the
defeat of Germany did not bring
peace to the world.
The argument of these wiseacres
is now utterly and finally crushed;
for there is a^t last unmistakable evi?
dence that peace has come to stay,
or else, what would the story about
a terrific dragon?a real, live, hon
est-to goodness prehistoric dinosaur
-be doing on the front page of "The
London Daily News"?
And what a dragon, at that! He
is twenty-four feet in length, with
a long, pointed snout', adorned with
tusks like horns, and a short horr
above the nostrils'. His front feel
are like those of a horse and the hinc
hoofs?oh, horrors !?are clover
There is a scaly hump on the mon
ster's shoulders; but really, mon?
ster is too mild an expression. His
habitat is the interior of the Bel?
gian Congo and his favorite pas?
time is eating darkies. However,
we cede the floor to the Port Eliza?
beth (South Africa) correspondent
of "The Daily News":
"The head of the local museum
here has received information from
a Mr. Lepage, who was in charge of
railway construction in the Belgian
Congo, of an exciting adventure last
"While Mr: Lepage was hunting he
came upon an extraordinary mon?
ster which charged at him. He fired
but was forced to flee, with the mon?
ster in chase. The animal before
long gave up the chase, and Mr. Le?
page was then able to examine it
through his binoculars."
The results of the examination
are given above. Mr. Lepage pro?
"The animal later charged through
the native village of Fungurume,
destroying the huts and killing some
of the native dwellers. A hunt was
at once organized, but the govern?
ment has forbidden the molestation
of the animal on the ground that it
is probably a relic of antiquity.
"There is a wild, trackless region
in the neighborhood which contains
k many swamps and marshes? where,
says the head of the museum, it is
possible that a few primeval mon?
sters may survive."
To which "The Daily News" ap?
pends comment as follows:
"The interest in the foregoing story,
with its suggestion of Conan Doyle's
'Lost World,' lies in the fact that it
tends to strengthen the belief, held
by many undoubted authorities, in
the survival of certain monsters of
the prehistoric age in the swamps of
"The Belgian Congo borders on
Rhodesia, and the late Karl Haken?
beck, in his well known Book
'Beasts and Men,' has left on record
his own conviction that in this re?
gion there still exists 'some kind
of dinosaur,' seemingly akin to the
"Hagenbeck says he received re?
ports on the subject from two in?
dependent sources. The beast to
which he refers was described by
natives as 'half elephant and half
dragon.' Precisely similar reports,
he points out, were received from the
negroes by Mengea several decades
previously, while on the walls of
certain caverns in Central Africa
actual drawings of these strange
creatures are to be found."
'HE first casualty in the Franco
British aerial passenger service
occurred on the evening of Dec^<*
ber 11 last, when an Aireo airplay
crashed in a field near CaterhaA
in the County of Kent. The o*
passenger carried by the macl#
was instantly killed and the pu*
Arthur Burnley by name, was sen
ously injured. "The London D?w
"It is supposed that the pilot *?*
endeavoring to find a landing pi?8*
being unable to proceed owing *
the density of the mist. Another
theory is that the pilot found a clo?>?
resting on the top of the line of M9
and went up into it, calculating ?
cross it Bafely. *.
"The machine was badly smash?
and the passenger was instant?
killed. The pilot was seriously ??
"The pilot, Arthur Burnley. I? ?f
of the most experienced in the Airo?
Company's service, and has made M
journey to and from Paris on m??F
"This is the first time a fatality "?
occurred to a passenger since ?
flying was officially permitted ??
May 1 last. Since that date to Mv
vember 1 there have been mort ??%
21,000 flights, and 25,000 P?58*"**"
have been carried a distance af *^?