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ADVE11TISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTELD
Vou LXXIX No. 26.720
First to Last? th
New York Trlbune Inc.1
Fair to-day and to-morrow; slfghtly
warmer to-morrow; fresh west
winds becominjr south.
FuU Report on I*are 9
* * * *
VM1BlwltWn rommntins distance I Elaewber*
Senate Democrats Break Away From Wilson
And Decide to Compromise on Reseraatinns
Hold All-Day Confer?
ence in Preparation for
, Mass Meeting To-night
Twelve Clergymen Sign
Statement Protesting In-1
justice of Sweet's Stand
Charles E. Hughes, who addressed j
e vigorous protest to Speaker Thad-1
deus C. Sweet of the Assembly be- i
cause of the unseating of. the five I
Socialist members of that bqdy,!
may be asked to appear as counsel I
for the ousted legislators.
This became known yesterday af
ter a long conference of the state
executive committee of the party
with the unseated members of the i
Legislature. While it was not offi
cially announced that it had been de
cided to ask the former Republican
Presidential candidate to appear for !
them, the Socialist leaders admitted i
that his name had been considered, j
together with those of numerous well !
known lawyers who had tendered ;
their services without charge. One [
of these, it was said, is former Jus- j
tice Samuel Seabury. Morris Hill-!
quit also will appear for the Social- !
ists. , j
Mr. Hughes reached the Grand j
Central Terminal from Glens Falls, j
X. Y., at 11:05 last night. He was j
told of the reported intention of j
the Socialist ASsemblymen.
"I haven't heard anything about
rt," said Mr. Hughes, "and have
?othing to say."
Prote?ts From Pulpits
Meanwhile protests against the
ousting of the Socialists from the
Legislature were heard from numer?
ous members of other parties and
from New York pulpits. Twelve
ministers, pastors of city churches,
6igned a protest against the refusal
pf the Legislature to seat the So?
cialists on the grounds that "such a
proposed infringement of represen?
tative popular government is intol
Cash contributions for the assistance
of the ousted fiv? in their legal fight
to retain their seats ln the law-making
body were received in large sums at
the party headquarters at the Rand
School, 7 East Fifteenth Street. Checks
were exhibited bearing the signatures
of members of both of the big poiiti?
cal parties and letters of protest
against the "undemocratic action" of
the majority of the Legislature were
declared to represent every shade of
To-night a general conference of men
tnd women who have indicated their
sympathy in the attitude of the Social
ists will be held at the Rand School.
It was said yesterday that the meeting
would include delegates from practi
cally every big organization in the city
that had shown an interest in civic and
governmental affairs. Its purpose is to
cevise means of forcing the reseating
of the Socialists who were denied
membership in the Legislature.
Yesterday's conference, which began
early in the morning, continued for
the greater part of the day. Dr. Simon
Berhn presided and the followinj? men
Participated: James Sheehan, of Al
oany; Herbert Merrill, of Schenectady;
rrederick Saunders, of Syracuse; Fred?
erick Arland, of Albany, and Jacob
Hillquit. Mrs. Thcresa Maikill, Mins
Jwher Friedman and Julius Gerber, of
Map Plan of Fight
The chief subject of discusaion at the
meeting, which was behind closed
j*6?, was said to have been the plans
"'r "obtaining justice" for the un
eated Socialist legislators. Gerber
?'d that a brilliant array of legal
>ir."?:l would appear for the accused
i*n when they appeared to argue their
a*e before the Legislative Judiciary
committee on Wednesday.
??? admitted that former Justice
jHtJghes'a name had been under discus
?K?n, bot would not admit that hc would
be asked to appear for the men, be
eau?? t:t, oftefa] conference has been
had whh Mr. Hughes. It in expected
t??t *u?rr a conference will be arranged
to-day i,fff,Tf, the meeting to be held
lathe evening at the Rand School. The
*?m of aid that bave been made by
?everal otbw well known lawyers of
wtt*r poiitical beliefs pi-obably will be
. At the eonclusion of the meeting
?*,1? Waldman and Aoguat Claessens,
*** York representative* among the
**?t*d five, iasued thi* statement:
'It appear* now that Sweet andeom
>*?7 are look ing for acapogoats as ?
??4n? ot retreat. They are Inslnuat
m that at least three of the five will
** %*.**A. ft is intimated that th<y
**v* l?form?4lon that we fcWO are
flf'ty ot fUivoenting the overthrow of
**? pwummmt of the Unit?d State*
** tti?*.m of viotenee; that Wt are con
2**** with orgamaafcions having for
***?* objeet the foreibla ovarthrow of
m -? flpeaker Sweet haa aueh knowl
" ia not *u*eient tb?t wa be
~*?^ftwana.mmw ,t umip, i hi?h mim>iiiim.i?.mi ??"?'?'r
Conttnusd on next page
Republicans Discuss Plan
To Reinstate 'Ousted Five
Steering Committee Proposed to Take Control From
Speaker; Governor Expected to Demand Reseat
ing of Socialists in Special Message to Assembly
ALBANY, Jan. 11.?Republican legis
lators are talking to-night of calling a
conference here to-morrow to determine
if a Bteering committee should not be
organized to take control of tho Assem?
bly away from Speaker Thaddeus C.
Sweet and reseat at once the five ousted
Socialists, pending their trial on the
charges made against them by the
Speaker and State Attorney General
Charles D. Newton.
Great pressure has been brought to
baer on the Assemblymen by the folk
back home and by newspapers, irre
spective of party. It is not unlikely
that some of the Republican Senators
may join with thc Assemblymen and
send out a call for a joint conference
of the majority members of both
"Something must be done," said one
Republican to-night. "While the Demo?
crats voted almost to a man for the
expulsion of the Socialists, their Gov?
ernor, following the lead of Charles E.
Hughes, Ogden L. Mills and other Re?
publican leaders, has come out in the
open and denounced the Assembly ac?
tion. I would not be surprised if the
Governor should send in a special mes?
sage to the Legislature demanding that
the Socialists be restored to their
The belief is general here that Gov?
ernor Smith will send such a message
Reads Government Proc
lamation to Inhabitants
of Separated Territories
'We Will Stand Together'
"Inward Spiritual Union of
Homeland Will Be Pre
served," Berlin Fledge
BERLIN, Jan. 11 (By The Associated
Press).?The government has issued
the following proclamation to the
German inhabitants of the territories
which are being separated from Ger?
"The unhappy issue of the war has
left us defenseless to the arbitrary
will of an opponent, who is imposing
upou us in the name of peace the
heaviest of sacrifices, the first of
which is the renunciation of German
territories in the east, west and north,
without regard to the principles of
self-determination, by which hundreds
of thousands of our German country
men are being placed under foreign
"German Brothers and Sisters: Not
only in the hour of farewell, but for
ever, mourning for our loss will fill
our hearts. We vow to you on behalf
of the entire Germqn people that we
will never forget you. You on your
part will not forget your common Ger?
man fatherland. Of that we are sure."
"We Will Stand Together"
"Whatever is possible for us to do to
preserve to you the mother language,
the German character and thc inward
spiritual union of the homeland will
be done. We will unceasingly urge
that promiaes given in the treaty shall
be kept. Our sympathy, our care, our
ardent love will unfailingly be yours.
"Across all frontier barriers German
nationality remains* one entity. Be
strong with us in the belief that the
German people will not perish, but on
hard-won liberal foundations will rise
to the highest political, economic and
"Countrymen, a hard injustice was
done you and us by forcible separa
tion. The right of self-determination
has been refused the German popula
tion. But we do not abandon hope.
You, too, one day will bc grantcd this
national fundamcntal right. We will,
therefore, desx'ite all pain, call to one
another full of hope and confidenoe in
this hour of parting. We will truly
ever stand together with our entire
strength for the right of our na?
Keep Treaty Pledgea, Saya Preas
Comrncnting on thc ratification of
the Versailles' treaty the "Deutsche
Allgemeine Zeitung" says:
"It would be unworthy to look sor
rowfully backward and uselcss to aeek
acapegoats on whom to caat respon;.'
bility for our national miafortune."
"If we can only estahlish intcrnal
order," declarea tho "Zeitung am
Mittag," "we shall be able to bear thc
economic conditions of thia hardest of
Tbe "Voaslacho Zeitung" says. "Thc
docurnent now sealed means peace be
tweon governments, but certainly not
peace for the life of nations. All that
haa been attained is the possibility of
beginning work for thc conclusion of
a r<n\ peace between nations. The
German nation must put forth Its
xt.r<;rtKth bucauae fulflllment of the
angagement entered into ia an obliga
tion of honor, bacause its work will
help again in advandng the intereats
of civiiiztttion and humanity."
The "Hrrliner Tugeblatt" saya: "It
now i? the duty of Germany honorably
to fulftJJ the atipulationw of the treaty
to the beat ot her ability. The quickcr
Germany flttaina her moral recovery
and the good regulation of her in
ternal eondltione the qutcker will come
the oppoxtttnltj ot getting the t?*?tjr
M?M?ir ??**#?*?* .. .
*! 'J1*]. Assembly doea not reseat the
Socialists, even before their trial
which is scheduled for Wednesday
Speaker Sweet is here to-night," bul
he will not talk for publication. He
did not give any indication, however
of making any move to reverse hia
position. In fact, those who talked
with him are of the opinion that he
will make a desperato stand to go
through with his original idea to keep
the Socialists from regaining theii
This determination on the part of
the Speaker to hold the Assemblymen
in check will mean, if persisted in, an
open fight between him and some of
the big leaders in the Republican
Friends here of the Speaker already
are busy doing missionary work
among the Assemblymen to forestall
the threatened revolt against his lead?
It was learned to-night that the
move of Speaker Sweet to oust the So?
cialists was not determined on until
two hours before the Speaker started
the bail rolling in the direction of the
The Speaker will announce to-morrow
the appointments to the five vacancies
on the Judiciary Committee, before
whom the Socialists will be tried. Ex
Judge Louis M. Martin, of Oneida, is
chairman of the committee and will
preside at the trial. State Attorney
General Newton will prosecute the case.
Loan Needed if
Taxes Are Cut
Country Will Have to Fi?
nance Reduction in In?
come or New Expendi
tures, Says Treasury Head
National Debt Decreased
Revenue Sufficient to Re
duce Burden Unless/Con?
gress Incurs Obligations
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.?A new
Liberty loan will have to be floated if
Congress reduces taxation to any con
siderable extent, Secretary of the
Treasury Glass announced to-day.
The government debt is being re?
duced, Secretary Glass said in a state?
ment, but if Congress should increase
appropriations or reduce taxation an?
other loan must be floated to meet the
$4,000,000,000 expenses for the year.
Secretary Glass's statement follows:
"It will no doubt be recalled that on
September 8, in announcing an issue of
tax certificates, I made certain state?
ments concerning 'the government's
financial position and prospects for the
balance of the calcndar year, and said
that the turn of the tide had come.
Now that the figures at tho year's end
are in hand it appears that my most
sanguine expectations have been more
than realized. On the basis of Treas?
ury daily statements the government's
gross debt on August 80, 1919, was
Reduction in Nation's Gross Debt
"On Docembcr 31 it amounted to
$25,837,078,807.88, a reduction of $769,
"The floatinc debt (unmatured Treas?
ury certificates of indebtedness) on
August 30 waa $4,201,139,050.39. On
December 31 it amounted to $3,578,485,
800.37, reduction of $622,653,250.02.
"A portion of the floating debt re
quiring to be refunded (so-called 'loan
certificates') on August 30 amounted
to $2,012,387,500. On December 31 it
amounted to $1,326,661,000, a reduction
"The loan certificates outstanding on
December 81 were of issues maturing
January 2, January 16, February 2 and
February 16, 1920, and have been or
will be paid in cash on hand December
31 and from the procceds of the sale
of tax certificates thereafter issued,
thus consummating tho Treasury's plan
for financing the unfunded portion of
the war debt in such a way as to avoid
any large funding operations.
Future Depends on Congress
"As to the future, it may bo stated
positivcly that unless Congress should
enter upon new lields of large expendi
ture not included in the Treasury es
timates, or should make a reduction -in
tho amount of taxes in addition to the
reduction made a year ago upon the
recommendation of Secretary McAdoo
from about $6,000,000,000 to about
$4,000,000,000, we may look forward con
fidently to the retlrement of the float?
ing debt out of the taxes provided by
existing law and raisoellaneous receipts
coming within the general head of war
salvage (although further issues of tax
certificates in diminishing amount will
be necessary from time to time in the
jntervals between income and profits
tax instullment payments), and to the
gradual reduction of the funded war
debt through tho operations of the
Liberty loan bond purchaso fund and
sinking fund already created by law.
"On tho other hand, should Congress
embark upon new ftelus of large expen
diture or further roduco taxes it will,
as I have already indicated, be clearly
necessaft-y to revise the Treasury's
Slans und call upon the ?ountry to
nance tbe Minlting deficit by tkt is
?Vt ?* ft m0UberXf ? \rnmf*
Is lmposed in
Early Passage of Measure
Aimed at Dangerous
"Reds" Likely; House
Expected to Act To-day
Anti-U. S. Groups
Aliens Convicted To Be
Deported; Others Face
Prison and Heavy Fines
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.?Speedy
enactment of a stringent sedition bill
by Congress was presaged to-day,
when, following passage yesterday in
the Senate of the Sterling bill, an?
nouncement was made that the House
Judiciary Committee had* agreed upon
a similar measure and probably would
report it to-morrow. Ono of the pur?
poses of the bill was said to be
eradication of "parlor Bolsheviki."
The House measure, a combination
of Attorney General Palmer's original
bill, introduced by Representative
Davey, of Ohio, andi revjsions made by
Representative Graham, of Pennsyl
vania. contains extremely stringent
penclties for violations of the
Included is the death penalty, which
the bill would have inflicted, upon the
recommendation of a jury, on persons
whose activities against the govern?
ment lead to destruction of life. The
measure also would close the mails
and express companies to seditious
literature, prohibit the exhibition of a
red flag in connection with mass meet?
ings, deny persons the right to refuse
to give testimony, on the ground that
it might tend to incriminate them, and
provide in certain cases'for disfran
chisement and deportations.
Death Penalty Provided '
The section of the measure, which
provides for the death penalty, fol?
"That whoever iricites, sets on foot,
assists or engages in any insurrection
or rebellion against the United States
or the authority or laws thereof, or
whoever sets on foot or assists or en?
gages in the use of force or violence,
with intent to destroy or cause to be
destroyed or change or cause to be
changed or to overthrow or cause to be
overthrown the government of the
United States and the death of any per?
son or persons is caused or results
directly therefrom, shall be guilty of a
felony, and on conviction shall be pun
lshed by death, or shall be imprisoned
not more than twenty years or fined
not more than $20,000, or both, and
shall forever be debarred from holding
office under the "United States; pro?
vided, however, that the death penalty
shall not be imposed unless recommend
ed in the verdict of the jury."
Other sections of the measure would
prohibit any persons using any "writ?
ing, printing or any sign, sympol, pic?
ture or caricature with the purpose of
resisting or destroving the government
of the United States or the government
of the several states, the distribution,
writing, printing, publishing or trans
porting of seditious matter, the impor
tation or transportation between states
of seditious matter."
To Combat Organizations
Measures to combat seditious or?
ganizations also are included. All such
organizations teaching the use of force
against the government are declared
to be unlawful, and persons would be
prohibited from engaging in their ac?
tivities, contributing money to them or
even renting them property in which to
carry on their work. The "giving,
loaninjr or promising of anything of
value" to such organizations is declared
to constitute affiliation with such as
Aliens convicted under the act would
be deported after serving their sen
tences and prohibited to return to the
country, and persons who have declared
their intention to become citizens, Lut
who have not_been naturalized, would
become ineligible to citizenship.
Conviction of citizens under all sec?
tions except that providing the death
penalty would carry imprisonment for
not more than twenty years or a fine
of not more than $20,000, or both*,
and in addition the convicted person
would be debarred from ever holding
an office of trust in the United States.
Russia Lost 35,000,000
In War, Kolchak Says
A. E. F. Officials, However, Esti
mated Total Casualties at
WARSAW, Jan. 11.?Russia's iosses
during the war in killed and wounded
aggregated 35,000,000, according to
statistics of the Kolchak government.
Although conceding that Russia's
casualties in the war were greater than
those of any other nation, the central
records office of the American Expedi
tionary Forces estimated that Russia
lost 1,700,000 dead and 4,950,000
wounded, or an aggregate of 6,650,000.
Japanese Report "Reds"
In Control at Irkutsk
Admiral Kolchak's Army Cora
pletely Dispersed, London
LONDON, Monday, Jan. 12.?Accord?
ing to "The Daily Mail'a" Harbin correr
spondcnt, under date of January 9, tho
Japanese military intelligenco depart?
ment saya that Irkutsk ia wholly occu
pied by the Social Ravolutionista, and
Admiral Kolchak'a army haa been com
plntely disjperaed. The Japanese civll
Imu? hrm pm> ?"WwuaUd mt Irkutsk,
Federal Army Reluctant
to Round Up Outlaws,
Foreseeing Loss of Jobs
and Loot as Result
Between Two Fires
Americans More Fearful
of Carranzista Troops
Than They Are of Rebels
By Wilbur Forrest
(Copyrlght. 1920. Now York Trlbune Inc.)
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Jan. 11.?
American property holders in Mexico
and other citizens forced through busi?
ness to remain there are living in
something closely akin to a reign of
terror, or, more strictly speaking, in an
era of hope?hope that something will
happen soon to correct an intolerable
Respect for international rights?
American rights, Chinese rights or
any other character of rights?seems
to have ceased to exist in Mexico.
Mexico is deep in the power of a
greater evil than peonage, which the
ever-present revolution sought to de
stroy. Mexieo to-day appears to suffer
a loathsome form of disease of mili?
tarism, with a- secondary malady?
banditry and lawlessness?contribut
ing to the disorder. The two are
closely linked, and together they are
gnawing into the very vitals of per?
haps the richest nation in the world.
Militarism Excuse for Banditry
Mexico's banditry is the excuse for
Mexico's militarism, and to one man
who has just completed a forty-day
trip in the interior of Mexico, with
both eyes constantly open for observa
tion, it is all apparent that Mexico's
militarism is also the excuse for Mex?
ico's banditry. Between the two, and
adding to them the utter contempt with
which the Carranza government re
gards the United States government
to-day, it is simple enough to reason
out why foreigners in Mexico, and es?
pecially foreigners owning or control
ling planations, mines, oil properties,
factories or other holdings outside of
cities where communal protection gives
them some guaranty of safety, have
no rights nor can expect to have rights
under existing conditions.
To state the situation in briefer
If the military class, which is over
running Mexico to-day in a regime of
unpunished murder, theft and outrage,
wiped out the bandits the military class
would lose its job, its terroristic pres
tige and its present opportunity to
bleed Mexico?foreigners and Mexi
cans included?an opportunity of which
it is taking full advantage.
Federal Troops Feared
I talked to scores of Americans, doz
ens of Englishmen and variously with
Frenchmen, Spaniards and even Mexi
cans during my trip in Mexico, who
confirmed that their fear of Carran?
zista troops, especially officers, is more
than their fear of Mexican bandits.
Many of my informants have been men
either owning or managing properties
in which American or foreign capital is
invested. Most all of them have
spoken frankly, but in undertones, and
implored me not to mention their names
nor give any indication of their identity
in anything that I .may write. To do
so, they explained, would be to incur
the displeasure of the Carranzista gov?
ernment and army and could result in
anything from death down to expulsion
Virtually all these property holders,
or custodians, pay toll in gold coin to
the rebels for "protection." Some of
them pay at random when the rebels
demand it and others pay stipulated
Bums at monthly intervals. Paying
for rebel "protection" means a guar?
anty that the rebels will allow them to
plant and harvest their crops, work
their mines, drill their oil wells or
carry on any line of business they are
Between Two Fires
Usually, after the rebels have been
paid the troops appear and, under the
guise of giving protection, they de?
mand requisitions of horses, cattle,
forage or money. To refuse the
rebels their "due" means death and de
struction of property. To refuae the
troops their "due" means the very same
thing. Men can be shot and property
destroyed with Carranzista government
bullets and firebrands as easy as with
rebel lead and fire. They all look the
same, these rebels and regulars. The
property holder in Mexico cannot tell
them apart, and in scores of cases which
I have heard related from the lips of
those who hace suffered, the property
holder is paying both rebel and regular,
or whatever he happens to call himself
when he calls to collect his "due."
On several occasions I have obtained
almo'st positive proof that the rebels
and troops. operating in thc same re
gion, have been in working agreement.
It is open talk in Mexico that virtu?
ally all Mexican army generals and even
officers of lower rank are rich. Two or
three years ago some of them were
driving mulo cars or peddling milk.
Villa Shares Loot
A certain Carranzista general. I was
informed by a Mexican in a position to
know, operated until about six months
ago against Villa in Chihuahua. During
his eommand there Villa was most docile
and hardly noticeable for his outrages.
The reason for this, the informant de?
clared, was that this.general and Villa
wore sharing the profits. As to the
Continued on page three
Humor Gleams Through
Clouds Menacing Ireland
Sinn Fein Insistenfce on Law and Order Is Re
garded by Many as Hopeful Sign of
By Frank W. Getty
New York Tribvna
Special Cable Service
(Copyrlght, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.)
DUBLIN, Jan. 11.?There was a rain
bow across the western sky when I ar?
rived in Dublin, and during my visit
I have seen nothing else that has been
more symbolic of conditions in Ireland
to-day?the sun shining through rain
like an Irish smile through tears.
Behind the most tragic incidents?
and each day seems to bring its ugly
quota?of murder or attempted assas
sination there sparkles a vein of
humor which would make even the
most cynical observer declare that
"Ireland would see it through if only
Ireland could get what it wants."
Nothing better illustrates the quo
tation than this: Last night seven
armed, masked men burst into the
house where Alexander M. Sullivan,
K. C, sergeant at law, the most emi
nent attorney of the Crown in all Ire?
land, is staying and attempted to kill
him. Sullivan is president of the Irish
Association for the Prevention of In
Expected the Attack
I lunched to-day at the Viceregal
Lodge in Phcenix Park with Viscount
French, Lord Lieutenartt of Ireland,
and Sergeant Sullivan. Mr. Sullivan,
telling Lord French of the attack upon
"Yes, I had been expecting they
would try to 'get' me, but believed
they would do so on the street. It
was only a miracle that saved my life.
One of the men put his revolver
against my head and the trigger
clicked six times, but the cartridges
failed to explode. I picked them up
off of the carpet this morning."
Sergeant Sullivan went on to dis
cuss in detail what a poor make of
revolver that must have been. He waa
as cool and calm as if discussing the
failure of his own weapon at target
practice. But despite hia calmness
and humor the most remarkable fea?
ture of his narrative was his denunci
ation of the courts and insistence he
had no intention of making a report
j of the incident to the police.
Will Be Settled Out of Court
| "This affair will be settled without
I an appeal to your law," said Sergeant
; Sullivan. "This man will disappear
| for a few weeks, and then, when he
j comes out of hiding, he is going either
! to a hospital?or beyond. They'll 'get'
j By "they" Sullivan meant the Sinn
j Feiners. No one has been more per
I sistent in denouncing the Sinn Fein
j movement than Sergeant Sullivan, yet
Trio of Brothers
Nebr<askans? One Chair?
man of Organization,
Arrive to Open Quarters
Three of General Pershing's most en
thusiastic Presidential boomers arrived
in New York yesterday in the persons
of the Woods brothers, of Lincoln, Neb.
They expect to open headquarters
here within a few days to organize
sentiment for General Pershing and to
talk to local leaders whose support they
hope to enlist. The three brothers are
Mark W. Woods, who is chairman of
the National Pershing for President
Club; George J. Woods and Frank H.
Woods. They are at the Biltmore,
pendiniy the opening of permanent of
George J. Woods, who spoke for the
trio of Pershing-for-President men,
said that no fewer than 1,500 Pershing
organizations already had sprung up
in every part of the country. He told
of the canvass of the nation that has
been made by the brothers. He frankly
admitted that there was some opposi?
tion to the general on the part of en?
listed men and young officers who saw
"Much of this opposition is disap
pearing, nowever, since the men have
had time to become accustomed to horne^
conditions and realize that things could
not be just the same abroad," Mr.
Woods said. "Much of their opposi?
tion, of course, is due to orders that
occasionally appeared abroad bearing
General Pershing's name, but which
never had passed before his eyes. They
realize that General Pershing's one pur?
pose was to build up a fighting machine
that would do its part in winning the
war. All other considerations were
secondary with him.
"We have just come from Washing?
ton, where we have been promised the
support of certain of the Senators.
Elsewhere we have found a Btrong
sentiment in favor of General Per?
shing as the popular candidate of the
people for President.
"Right now we are not aeeking dele-1
gates so much as we are endeavoring
to organize the sentiment that actually
oxists in favor of General Pershing.
Il we can show the party leaders just
how strong this sentiment is I think
there will be little question about the
Italy Faces Railway Strike
ROME, Jan. 11.?The "Tribuna" says
a general railway strike is threatened
January 15, and that the government
ia planning mobillzation of the railway
employeea with a view of preventlng
he realizes that this attempt to mur
dfr him was no doings of the Sinn
rein. Moreover, there is actually a
Sinn Fein vigilance committee on the
lookout for just the sort of gang that
perpetrated the outrage.
This condition is by no means unique
ln this part of Ireland. In the little
town of Abbeyville, County Kerry the
mamtenance of law and order has been
taken entirely out of the hands of the
police. The farmers have organized
their own vigilance committees, which
patrol at night and drive from the
vicinity any undesirable citizens or vis
ltors. Abbeyville, once the most law
less of towns, to-day knows crime no
more, for crimes are too dangerous a
pastime when the whole village is or?
ganized against it.
Hopefui for Future
This sort of thing is what makes
critical observers so hopeful for Ire?
land s future. They believe that once
the majority of the Irish people get
lmed up on the side of law and order
an end will come to the present terror
As for the country at large, however,
it must be recognized that Ireland
considejs herself m a state of war?
between the British army and the re?
publican army. On all sides one hears
this explanation for the present un
settled situation. But the government
officials, lacking sympathy with any
phase of the Nationalist movement,
deny this. They insist the only state
of war in Ireland to-day is between
the forces of law and order and the
forces of anarch'y.
Among the rest of the population,
however, and particularly in the south
of Ireland, the state of war with the
British army is pretty generally recog?
nized, and in its recognition the Sinn
| Fein professes to find an excuse for
| any and all outrages.
Guerrilla Warfare Waged
At present, of course, only a sort of
guerrilla warfare is being waged, with
| nightly. raids on isolated barracks and
j attempted murder of Ioyal servants of
the erow-n. .-The. police are countering
| with raids on suspected hiding places
i of Sinn Fein arms or leaders. It is
] agreed that such warfare will be in
I terminable until the Irish problem is
: settled. The possibility that it may
; break out into more violent and more
widespread forms is foreseen, but this
is not regarded as a probability of the
No epigram is more applicable to Ire- |
land to-day than Lambert's: "In Ireland j
they take life easy?and often." But I
there seems to be a sentiment sprung |
up in the Sinn Fein ranks that it shall I
not be taken carelessly. Sinn Fein is I
at war. and Sinn Fein will not hesi- |
tate to use violence, but let any one i
murder indiscriminately and Sinn Fein i
will attend to him "without the inter- !
ference of the police."
U. S. Inaction May
Shift League Seat
Failure to Ratify Treaty
FromGeneva to Brussels
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.?Because the !
United States did not join the Entente i
powers and Japan in the conclusion of j
peace yesterday in Paris the seat of the j
league of nations may go to Brussels, !
Belgium, instead of Geneva, Switzer- ?
land, as provided in the league cove-I
President Wilson was responsible for
the selection of Geneva in the first
place, the French and British Premiers
yielding to his suggestion, although
personally they preferred Brussels, be?
cause it was far more conveniently
situated with regard to Paris and Lon- I
Information received here to-day is
to the effect that the secretariat of the
league, which has been organizing in
formally in London for many months
past, now is arranging for the selection
of permanent headquartcrs, and is ex?
pected to decide within a day or two be?
tween the confiicting claims of Geneva
Driver Killed as Auto
In Plunge 'Loops Loop'
Two Hurt as New Car Leaps the
Curb in Descending Hill
and Falle 25 Feet
A skidding automobile leaped the
curb in the "Snake Hill" seetion of St.
Nicholas Avenue yesterday, turned a
complete somersault and dropped down
a 25-foot embankment. The driver,
Robert Reid, was fatally injured and
two other occupants of the car were
Reid, who was forty-four \?ears old,
was secretary of the Harrolds Motor
Company, of 233 West Fifty-fourth
Street, and was well known in auto?
mobile circles. He was trying out a
new car and chose the steep descent in
St. Nicholas Avenue, between Fort
George and Dyckman Street, to test the
brakes. His companions were Thomas
G. May, of the Robert Treat Hotel,
Newark, and Samuel Breedon, of 4761
Westminster Place, St. Louis, both
According to May, the machine was
being driven at about six miles an
hour. Reid swerved his course to avoid
a car stalled in the roadway. There
were no skid chains on the wheols and
the automobile plunged straight . ver
the bank, "looping the loop" as it left
The three men were caught between
the wrecked car and a atone wall at
the bottom of the cliff. R*id, his akull
fractured, waa unconscious. He was
dead when a surgeon at St. Lnmct
HoapitaA exanUed him.
Minority Leaders Resolve
to Deal With Repub?
licans Looking to
'5 p e e d y Ratification
Accepted as Basis
Hitchcock and Under
wood, Rivals for Floor
Honors, Vote With Con
ferees for Conciliation
New York Tribuna
WASHINGTON, Jan. li._The
Democrats in the Senate decided to
night to disregard President Wil
son's plea to the Democratic lead?
ers at the Jackson Day dinner to
make the peace treaty the issue of
the Presidential election. They will
approach the Republicans in a "truly
conciliatory spirit," as they ex
pressed it, and do everything they
can to effect a compromise on res
ervations that will secure ratifica?
tion of the treaty without delay.
The decision was reached at a
conference to-night of more than
twenty Democratiic Senators. Sen?
ator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, leader
of the Administration forces in tho
Senate, and Senator Underwood, of
Alabama, his opponent for the po?
sition of Democratic floor leader in
the Senate, attended the conference
and gave the decision their sanction.
Some Who Attended
Other Senators who were present
included Senators Owen, of Okla
homa; Smith, of Georgia; Harrison,
of Mississippi; Dial, of South Caro
lina; Pomerene, of Ohio; McKellar,
of Tennessee, and Kendrick, of
The Lodge reservations will be ac?
cepted by the Democrats as the
basis for a compromise. Specific
changes in the Lodge reservations
that will be submitted to the Re?
publicans as a substitute for the
plan submitted last Tuesday by Sen?
ators McKellar and Kendrick were
discussed at the meeting to-night,
but they will not be made public
until after they have been discussed
with the Republicans.
The Republicans will be asked to
modify the Lodge reservations to make
them "reasonable," as one of the con
ferees said to-night. They will also
be asked to modify the preamble and
the reservations on domestic questioni,
the Monroe Doctrine, Shantung,
equality of votin^ and Article X.
Demand Change in Article X
The Democrats to-night decided that
they will insist that the Renublieans
agree to what they declared would be
only a slight change in the Lodge rescr
vation in Articie X. The Democrats
want to insert in the Lodge reserva
tion the worJs "by the use of its mili?
tary or naval forces," so as to make
the reservation read that the United
States assjimes no obligation to pre
serve the territorial integrity or ex
isting political independence of any
nation by the use of its military or
naval forces unless Congress at aome
future time shall so determine.
Democratic Senators who have been
negotiating for a compromise said
after to-night's meeting that many Re?
publican Senators who want a com?
promise have agreed to accept that
The Democrats will inform the Re?
publicans at a joint conference of rep?
resentatives of all factions of the
friends of thc treaty that the com
proiniSe will have the support of nearly
every Democratic Senator. Tiie joint
conference will take place within the
next day or two and will be attended
by Senator Hitchcock.
Political Purposes Denied
The Democrats who met to-night in?
sisted that they did not want the im
pression to go forth that they are
lining up with Bryan.
"The Democrats in the Senate are
anxious to have the country under
stand that they are not playing politics
with the treaty," said Senator Owen,
at whose home the conference waa
"We are truly desiroua of getting
ratification of the treaty, and we are
willing to accept any reasonable reser?
vations that explain this country's ob
ligation in order to get it ratified.
"We discussed the ratification of tha
treaty and the reservation* that have
been suggested. The Senators who
were present said that they are all very
desiroua of dealing with the matter in
a truly conciliatory spirit, but at tha
same time they do not want to do any
serious harm to the treaty."
Senator Lodge yesterday asked tha
Democrats to inform the Republicans,
who are working for an agreement on
reservations, how far the Democrats
will support the Democratic ^ropoaala
for a compromise.
The Democrats werw asked by Senator
Lodge, and by Senatora Lenroot, Mo
Nary and Colt, "milq reservationlata,*
with whom the majority leader con*
ferred yeaterday, to eubmit a new eom
arcmiae propoaal ia place ef tha on?