Newspaper Page Text
Juhmitted last week by Senatora Me
luilar ati-l Kcinhiik
Thf Democrats were told last night
tb?,t the Uepubticana were willing to
m.jko threW cr four concessions on the
Lwlgt rcservKlions and they were
fcHk^e1 mv make ctincesaions themaelvea
?.n the McKellar-Kcndrick plan. The
Democratic Senators also were told
that thry moat accept the Article X
rcservaiion if the treaty is to be rati
These Democratic Senatora are act
ing without regard to Senators Hitch?
cock and Underwood, rival candidates
for the position of Democratic floor
leader. They said that they did not
vnnl the aspirants to have any in
finenea in the negotiations.
The group of Democrats hopes to
have the compromise actually under
way before the caucus of Democratic
Senators is held on Thursday. The
cnucus "Kas been oalled to elect a
minority leader to curceed the late
Senator Thomns S Martin. of Virgin!a.
Wanl Treaty Kept From Caucus
Democratic Senatora. with lennings
toward Bryan or the President all de
e'ared to-nipbt that they Oro not want
the compromise treaty negotiations in
jtCjted into tne c-ncur..
That ti no way to settle the mat?
ter," sai'd >ne Senator who is Working
hard to bring about' an agreement.
"The only way a compromise can be
brought about is to arrange it outside
of arty-formal meeting."
Senator Kendrick said that the pro
posal submitted to the Republicans by
himself and' Senator McKellar repre
serited. the thought of many other
Demoerats. He declared that a dispo
sition to compromise on reservations is
growing in the Senate.
"There is, I think, an increasing anx
i<ty on .the part of the friends of the
treatjr on both sides of the Senate
chamber to rrtify it end get it out of
the way," said Senator Kendrick. "That
is the motive behind the conferences
that are taking place every day.
"The men who are working for ratif
ficatioh are doing so without regard to j
politics, and none seeks to make pcr
aonal political capital out of it. Their .
mterest is above partisanship." i
Wa J. Bryan Wants Treaty
Ratified by January 16
Writes Sena'ors Date of First
League of ISatirns Mee'ing
Would Be Most Fitting Time I
LINCOLN. Neb., Jan. 11.?William'
J. Bryan to-night continued his efforts '
looking to a ratification of the treaty
of p< ace by mutual concessions and
rorapromise. Mr. Bryan sent "several
telegrams to Senatora at Washington
urging them to unite in an endeavor
to bring about ratification not later
than January 16. It was peculiariy
i ting, he declarvd. that ratification be
nccomplished by that time, as tho 16th
waa the date fixed for the first meeting
of the league of nations at Barh*.
Mr. Bryan reached Lincoln early to
d-y, for a short visit with his brother,
Charles W. Bryan. He was the speaker
to-night at a temperance jubilee meet?
ing. To-morrow he will address ihe
University of Nebras.wa convention at
a noonday luncheon a.. the Commerc al
Club. and the Nebraska constitutional
tonvention. He will make a political
addfegs at Omaha to-nrorrow night, and
ha plans to return to Washington next
Mr Bryan said this evening he had
not had time to contider serious'.y the
question whether he will be a cindi
liate for d?legate-at large to the Dem
ocra'ic National Convention at San
r rancisco and it waa too early to dis
cusa the matter.
Soviet "Ark* BuforAb
Due in Finland Td-dav
Pa$e?i?rers To Be Sent by Tra:n
5<? Point Opposite Petro
* ? grad, Is Report
HELSINGFORS, Finland, Jan. 11.?
The United State3 army transport Bu
ford is expected to arrive here Monday.
(The Bufcrd has- on board 249 unde
t iraWas'aliens deported from the United
StataaS The passenge'rs, it is reported
r.re to be sent by train to a point in
Finland opposite Petrogr<d.
The "Sanomat" says it learns it was
originally plar.ned to transport the de?
ported radicals by way of Lettonfa. but
vwing to the fighting there the Ameri
o n government a ked permission to
tand them through Finland. The news?
paper adds that the Finnish govern?
ment consented to this, but demanded
a' the sume time that the United States
f id in thc repatriation of Finns in Rus
KIEL, Jan. 11.?The American ormv
transport Buford, under a strong guard,
is lying two ki'.ometers from the main
Kiel docks in the repair basin. No one
is permitfd to go on board. The tor
pedoboat de troyer Bullard i*. accom
panying the "Soviet ark." ' ""
The repairs to the damaged boilers
of the transport will require at least
iwo d iys, ard the vessel is expected to
resume the trip Monday. No announce?
ment has been ma'da concerning the Bu
Kaiser Warned Belgian
Of War, His Mother Says
She Refused to Take the Advice
o> Prus8i??nired Son and
S.tve Her Fo-tune ?
GENEVA.Jan. 11.? Duchess Eleonora
?"Arenberg, of Belgian origin, who
die,d recently at Montreux, left a large
estate in Belgium which the Qermans
had sequeslrated. She also left an
interei'ting memorandum. sa ing that
her eon was comp'etely Prussianized,
that he held a major'3 commission in
the German army and was a close
iri?nd of the former Frnneror.
Three m>nths before the outbreak of
the war. she says in the memorandum,
the Emperor informed her son that
Germany soon would start hostl'it'es
ar.d invade Belgium. He advisod the
major to withdraw his fortune from
Belgium, and the son transf-rred his
beloriginKi and bank accovcit from
Belgium to Berlin. The duch-ss said
*he refused to take her son's advice and
The Kwiss newspapers BUggest that
the cla;ms made in the memorandum
be inveatigated if f-.rmer Emperor
William is to bo brought to trial.
1 ?? ..
Editor of "Call" Spcaks
In School Despite Ban
Nathan H. Se:dm*n. director of the
Brooklyn Civic Forum, permitted
Charl<-* "?' '"rvtn, mmagirig editor of
MThe fii w York Call," to address the
form Ust night in Public School fi
Glenmore and Htone tiven"Rs, Brook?
lyn, deapite th? Bo?rd of Kducation's
prohibition. Mr. Krvin appeared and
dem irided the right V> apeax.
The Bo-?r<J of Education advi?'d
againut Mr. Erv;n'8 anpeapancc he
caaae of a auit "The N'ew Vork Cail"
had! inntit'Jted ajrauiat i'?.?tma?t(:r Gen?
eral BarleaOTl fur c*cludit<g the p .p-r
from the at-cond claaa rnaH. Mr. Ervin
who?? aubjfect was "The Praal ?nd
FuaHe Op(nion?" declared that \Uh
government w^? unwiaa and unj -?t irt
ftanring hia p?p<>r. IHs readera were
aala? diacrimii^bed ^-agalnat. h? d?
**? .. 7hf "e?P*t?f'?tlc preae" ayai
??wtwii* hjr buaiaeaa iataraau, bv
Given to Allies
Germany Waroieri That Fail
ure to Surrender Him
for Trial Must Be Con
strued as Poiitical Crime
Treaty Terms Emphasizec]
Socialist Leader Points tc
Case of Jefferson Da^vij
in Opposing the Move
BERLIN, Jan. 11.?Germans ar<
j urged to turn over former Emperoi
J William for trial by the Allies in reso
lutions passed at a public meeting oi
the New Fatherland League here to
"In signing the Treaty of Versailles,'
I the reso'utions said, "Germany con
I sented to the trial of William II. It is
| therefore the duty of the German peo
| ple to execute the treaty. and every at
j tempt to prevent prooedure against the
former Kaiser must be branded as a
Urges Neutral Tribunal
One speaker declared William, with
his "eccen'ric myst cism," and former
Fm^eror Francis Jos?ph pf Austria
vvero not responsible for the "criminal
game played with Serbia," ahd that
German diplomacy was helpless in the
f ce of onerations by "men~ri'_rher up."
Herr von Gerlacii, Radical Democrat,
asserted the surrender of William
would strengthen the reactionary wave
in Germany, and warned the Entente to
desi.;t carrying out treaty provisions
ca ling for the trial of tho erstwhile
He advised the cstablishment of a
neutral court for the trial, adding:
"The German peop'e must definiteiy cut
itself loose from this man."
Iresident Linco.n's attitude toward
the arrest of Jefferson Davis is re
called by Otto Landberg, Majority So
c a istic leader, discu.sing in the "Vor
waertp" the probable extradition and
trial of tfie former Emperor". He cites
the dilemma of the Uni^n states when
the Confcderate leader was imprisohed.
\ Herr Landsberg recommends that
Entente leader? read observations^on
the D*vis case by Can Schurz. and
asser.s he bea.ves such a perusal wou.d
bring about a different attitude toward
the former Kaiser's surrender.
"Enieine nac.ons >shou.d desist. in
their demand that Germans be taicen
before their tribunals for trial," he de
olares,>"as that-fe".KKtfftd;;to result in
not a few of the ;men w. ose-names are
on the list seeking death at their own
Blow to Democracy
Belief is expressed that the Entente
will not be forced to insist upon Will
iam's extradition on the grounds of
prestige. He points out that a recer.t
law desi^nates the Iniperial Court a<s
a comnetent tiibunal for the proseeii
tion of war offenders and gives the
Entente powers far-reaching privileges'
in repnecc to ac.ive cooperat'on.
Herr Landsberj says the Allies can?
not legally force Holland to give up
Count Hohenzollern, and points out
'.'iis will ?ive tvem a convenient way
cut of their dilemma."
Lead Fight *
Continued from papre 1
merely expelled from the Assembly.
It was and is his duty to lay such evi
der.ee before a gnnd jury and have'ua
indicted for crimina4 conspiracy. We
d?mand that Spaaker Sweet immedi
rtsly submit his evidence to the.proper
legal authorities so that thc law may
take its course.
"Shculd Speaker Sweet ail he con
victs himself as a character assassin.
"Mr. Sweet forrrets that the resolu?
tion of suspension recited definiteiy
that there was nothirg against us per
s nally ard that the action taken was
becaise of our affiliation with the So
ci list party.
"It is interesting to note that Ma?
jority Leader Simon Adler, who intro
dvced the resol'ition for expulsion, is
one of the Adler brothers engaged on
a iar<re eeale in the manuf-'efre of
clcthing in Rochester, a firm against.
whjch the Analgamated Cl >ihing Work?
ers of America has carried on a long
sti'iggle and which it'finally union
ized. We two, as welt as former As
sen.blyman Shiplacoff. present Alder
man, were all conspicuous in the work
if the Amalf'amated and often spoke
Mfanwhile, a protest movement
against the action of the Leg.slature
wr.s developing among the most promi
nent clerfcymtn in the city. The text
of their statement and its signers fol
"We. the undersiTned ministers of
the Christian Church, alarmed at the
srre.-Ml of 'he s.nirit of ntol- rance a"d
fearful k-t our civil libertieB which
were the outgrowth of our Christian
freedom. he impaired protest against
the recent acticn of the New York As
: emb y in r fusin/ to sea^ fiv^ du v
elected members of the Legislature on
the ground that their party p atform
is inimical to the public interest.
"Such a proposed infringement of
ref-resentative popular government is
intolerable. To close the door to a
minority who ma wish to attempt to
compass economic changes by consti
tutional means. h:wever unwise their
aims may appear to the maj rity. is to
mvite revolution. Believing heartily
that recourse to violent measures ,
oe prevtnted, and that the orderly
ptocesses of democratic government
afl'ord the safe mt thod of social ad?
vance. we call upjn the Ass-mbly to
rescind its action and admit these duly
choson representatives of their con
George Alexander, First Presbyterian
Grurch; Henry E. Cobb. West End Col
egwte Reformed Church; Henry Sioane
Coffin Madison Avenue Presbyterian
Church; Harry Emerson Fosdick, Fir t
Presbyterian Church; Hutrhull Fos
broke, dean of the General T >eo!ojrical
Sominary; Arthur C. McGiffert, presi?
dent cf the Union Theological Semi
nary; Williarr. H. Pott, archdeacon of
New York; Howerd C. Robbins, dean
o the Ciithedial of St. John the Divine;
< har cs L. Sluttery, Crace ProtoHlant"
Episcopal Chu:ch; William Auatin
STYT' ,?,dilor of "The Churchman";
KaiPO W. Sockman, Macusori Aver ue
Methodist Episcopa1 Church, and Cor
nelius Woelfkin, Fifth Avenue Uaptist
I>r. S. Edward Young, in the Bedford
Presbyterian Church cendemned the
. UMpentlon of the Socialists in a ser
n on f.reached from his pulpit in the
evening. He said:
"Forrnfr Governor Hughes has rcn
dc-red tho highest scrvico by oppos
iitK t'<? SUSOension of the five Social
i '.; from t! e Assembly. JuhI when
tha tld? in this country was well
ed e-ains* extreme Socialists
comes thiH action, that r-nl y ?iveg
tho SocialUts something to complain
"H a party in power enn by shcer
numbera put out of le^ialativa hall*
i ??ny net eo auiaarous, where ??
-and Judy O'Grady"
ICipling Jiscovered that wcmen were "sisters under
A singular proof of the alikeness of women in their
wants has been many times shown ir> the international
relations of this Company.
Buttenck, in addition to publishing periodicals, also
pubhshes dress patt'erns as an adjunct to its fashion
During a half Century this service has grown to
encircle the globe, reaching every civilized point,
And whenever fundamental changes in style (they
originate in Paris) are accepted by the women of any
great country, they are simultaneously accepted in
every great nation.
In Stockholm, or Sydney, Cairo, Egypt, or Cairo,
Illinois, the women who lead, all really follow Paris,
but inexplicably they somehow seem all to divine at
the same moment that they want the same thing.
We don't know why this is true, but tt has been
demonstrated too frequently to be only a coincidence.
v If you make goods approved by women generally
m one State, you may be sure of their acceptance by
women among all great nations.
/fdvertismg space tn the Butter'tck publicattom
isfor sale through accreditedadvtrttsing agencm
B u 11 e r i c k?Pui&far
Two dotlars th* year. tcuk
Election of Clemenceau
As President Seems Sure
v ? ?-?
French Function, Far Different From American
System, Wdl Be Reduced to Slmplest Form
Unless Premier Decides Not To Be Candidate
PARTS. Jan. 11.?The election next
Saturday of a President of the French
Republic. always one of the least ex
citing functions in the political life of
the country, will be reduced to its sim
plest form in this- instance unless be?
fore the date of the balloting Premier
Clemenceau should decide not to be a
candidate. of .which there is now no
ln only a few minor details will the
election resemble the chooing of an
American President. Cunforrajng to
cu; tom, there probably will not be any
party conventions. The Presidehlial
Actors themselves?300 Senators and
624 Deputies?were elected indepen
dently of any Presidential issue, the
eventual candidates being unknown
wh.-n the members of Parliament'were
chcsen. Only occa^ionally tho party
gr. ups ip Parliament meet to decide on
cardula.tqs jp advance of tl.e convening
of^ the "National Assembly'.""or Ihe.
"Congress of Versailles," as the "elec
tpjal body Is called.' tha iatter term
being applied because the'cleetOrs held
their sessions 4n? the otd .Chjombinit'tif
Ver.ailles diupifl? the Commune ln 1871.
Luncheons Open Program
Seven years-ago\ on the occasion of
the last Presidential election, the dis
tirctively Republican groups of the
j Chamber and t. e Senate met irt an at
i tenipt '.o unite upon a candidate, but
j were unable to come to an agreement.
I On the first ballot Raymond Poincare
; lacked six votes of having the abso'ute
| majority required and a second vote
i was made necesiary. On this balloting
j he defeateit-JnteTTPam , their relative
j standing bein^ 433 as agair.si 206 votes.
A mere as urance by Premier C'.em
! enceau that he will accept the Presi
i dency wiil ma'?:e a prelimina>y meet
; ing unnecessary, in which event the oc
! casion will be chiefly social and gas
: trcnpmical. There will be the usual
j crowds in the streets which are alway
; attrac'ed when men conspicuously in
; the public eye are brought together
! and long before noon every vantage
point wiTl be occupied.
The day's program will begin with
1 lur.cheons in the spacious halls of the
ancient palace of the Kings of .France
and in the hotels of Versailles. and
merrbers of t^e Cabinet, presidents of
l representative government? The
; matter is not altered by the claim
that the exclusion is only until a Vair
trial. That is shooting your man first
and then looking to tee whether he
is guilty. No truc American can
to'.orate for a moment tue smash-up
thories of radical Socialists; but no
m^n can help on those theorieq mort^
| ofroetlvely than hy summarily ejecting
from the Legislature all the repre
sentitives duly elected bv the peopk
to chnmpion tho~e tV">-ries without
according them a hearing.
' What a travesty on lroe government
it would be for the majority at the
oiv-ning session to count noseB and oust
j tho whole opposing party until the ma?
jority decide whether their principles
are in harmony with their own views
I of citizenship?
"Sink or swim, live or die, we of
j America have committed ourselves to
the proposition that the people ru'e
and io reject those sent by the people
: is to reject the people, except there be
! personal acts or words on the part of
those elected which stmw them to be
! tn.itorous. Sometimes 't looks ?s if
| th-re were a bit of the tyrant in moat
j "It is hard to cive to othera the full
measure of liberty we demand for our
selves. But those who have watched
| carefu'ly the ou'eome of attempta to
j squolch minorities bv any high-handed
procedure will agree that those at
I le-nnts ?ie orb- firebranda. They re
j kindlc the conflagration. After all, the
I best thing to do when we hayo made a
I mstake ia to admit it and rectifv it.
i Mny the New York State Assembly
have the grace to do preciaely that."
Will Aid Socialists,
BOSTON, Jan. ll.-Frank A. Van
derl.p, of New York, in a statement
here to-day characterized the New
York Asembly'a exclusion of the ftve
Socialiata elected to membership as
"v ~ nstitiah e" and |ike|v ???'r mt i ii
added popular support for the Socialist
partv. He said:
"Th? gag mle must not bt applied
in politics. Because I differ wHh n
?? -m?- IvPAL. " ' 'TTt
the Senate and the Chamber of Depu
ies will be guests at special banquets.
It is at the luncheons and banquets
generally that the first "stnw votes"
regarding Presidential possibilities are
taken, and the dining rooms are as
'.nimated as those of the leading hotels
n an American city during the na
tmr"l convention of or.e of the great
parties. This alone is the extent to
which the preliminaries of the Presi?
dential election in France reseirble
thpse of the election of a President in
the United States.
The proceedings of the Congress It
elf are very simple. Antonin Duhost,
the president of the Senate, will call
the assemblage to order at 2 o'cbck
in the afternoon. After the Senators
and Deputies have taken their seats
he will read the articles of the Consti?
tution fixing the moae of electing the
President and then will declare "the
National Assembly is duly constiti ted
Td the vote for President will tjke
^place at' the sne-ker'* stand on nom
I ination aind roll call/'
I No Ncminating Speeches
I : E*eusos' from absent Senators or
Deputies will be read, and organization
of the body will be completed with the
selection hy lot df thiriy-eight e'ect
^rsj one additional nnme then will be
drawn ftrom the hat to decide where
the^ alphabetical roll call shall begin.
Nominating speeches are omitted.
Although contrary U, tne rules of Par
hamert, cheering is allowed in the
-rowded galleries as well as on the
floor. Tho anthusiasm generally comes
?n a single burst of applause, when
ehe presiding officer deciares the nnme
of the cardidcte who hos been duly
alected President of the French Re
niblic. The president of tho Congress
hereupon deciares the National As
ionibly dissolved as soon as he can
nake himself heard above the con
usion, and immediately the long col
lmn of car'riages, conveying the elect
rs and invited guests, file brick toward
'?ns thnugh the Bois de Boulogne.
Paris itself does not begin to take an
interest in the election until the hour
approaches when news of the result
may be expected. Even then it is not
the boisterous mterest such as is
manifested in the United States, and
"?"?re ib " lack of nartisan ??-irit.
man in politics is no reason to gag
im, imprison him o.- d. v
? co-.s^h,Mnna' r:;rvt. For this rea?
son I believe the action of the New
York Assembly in unseating the five
Socialists, who were duly elected to
that body from their rcspeetive dis
tricts, i3 absolnte'.y unjustifiable.
"No legislative body has the right
to deprive a man of his legitimate
seat solely because his views differ.
i. r ?"?' on nf th<?t charecter i per
mitted tho situat'on may be made ex
'Free snei" i, free thoupht. eannor H?
strangled. 1 do not believe in the
form of government the Socialists are
quoting. I cannot accept their theories
as sound, but if the time ever comes
when the majority believe as they do
we shall have Socialist government.
"I fear the action of the As embly
means more support for the Socialists.
I bolieve many persons who would
otherwise oppose the Socialist party
will be led to join it."
Porte to Outline Rcforms
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. <i ( Dslayed >.
?The Sublime Porte will send to the
Allied powers at an early dato a
memorandum outlining proposed re
forms regarded as needed in Turkey
and rccognizing thc necessity for co
operation by the experts of foreign
countries. Extcnsive judiciary reformB
are included in the proposals Plans
for local self-government and the
rightB of minorities will be published
U. S. to Accept
Treaty at Once
Labor Leaders and Public
Officials Join in Plea
to Congress for Imme?
diate League Action
Symposium Is Given Out
Danger of Catastrophe Is
Increasing With Every
Day's Delay, Says Russell
Immediate ratification by the United
States of the covenant of the league of
nations and of the peace treaty is
demanded by thirty educators, labor
leaders, government officials and other
public men in a symposium made public
yesterday by the Social Democratic
League of America. The organi?ation
sent letters broadcast aaking for opin
ion8 on America's positibhv
"Every day that the treaty is detayed
increases the chances of a world-wide
catastrophe, darkens hope and multi
plies the need ess sufferings of man
kind," says Charles Edward Russell,
the president, in a preface tp the sym?
posium. "So long as th",, absurd and
illogical condition remains, Europe will
Lack of a definite stand by the
United States is driving the Socialists
of Europe to join the Bolsheviki. Dr.
<TiS?r?e Herron cabled from Geneva.
If the treaty and the league are not
accepted now, Europe will be placed
in chaos,'" he said, ?
Other Opinlons on Subject
Other opinions are:
Dr. Charks W. Ellot: "All the ad?
vice recently given by the Republican
benators that America should remain
isolated or should take no actlve part
in putting into prac'.ice internationa'
pohcies seems to be seltish and
cowardly and an nbandonment of th?
poiitical and soc'al principles whic''
have made America free, strong ar.d
Louis F. Post, of the Department of
Labor-?"A stTtling fnct about the
league of nations is the hostile coali?
tion of Tory reactionaries Democratic
visionaries and Socialist revolution
nries. Po'itics npver made stranger
bedfellows. A curious fact is the con
tention that President Wilson's four
teen points are squeezed out. The
treaties secure them all."
Samuel Gornpers?-"The PaTis Con
lerence sought, as did no other jn his?
tory, to reach down into the minds of
tha people and write in definite terms
the deepest and best thought found
there. Its object was to prevent futui"
wars. The covenant is the written
agreement of the civ'lized world thai
until justice is done to those who work
justice has been done only in part. The
world needs to be mide "safe for labor
as well as for democracy."
Crime to Destroy League
George 1. Page-"The league of na
tions cannot be recommitted. It must
be ratified or destroyed. To destroy it
would be the crime ?f all centu ies '
Charles T. Thwing, president of
VVestern Reserve University--"Tht
.strongest leason tor ratification is
that international-patriotism is more
important than rational patriotism,
dear and commanc"\ng as national pa?
Melville E. Store, general manager
of The Associated "res?"Now. I do n ?
know whether a leigue of nations will
work or not. I do-bt if anybody knows.
P ato, who was t^e first apostle of a
principle of the s-rt says in his book
on "T'*e Republi"' that the republic
can exist only w^en men are superior
to themse'ves. You know, it is a book
of que tion and answer, and he is asked
i>e question, 'vVhat do vou mean by
superior to themselves?' and he said.
in every man's make-un there 's a su
perior side and an inferior sid^ and
un!e s he can rise above the level of
these two conditions it is u eless co
try any hing of this sort.'"
Others Quoted in Statement
Others quoted are 0.-;car S. Straus. !
Dr.Fr.ank Crane, Moorfield Storey, C
A; Duniway, president of Colorado Col?
lege; E. M. Hopkins pre-ident of Dart
mouth College; Irving Fisher, "Mary E I1
Wooley, president of Mount Holyoke ! '
College; Dr. Charlc- R. Brown. dean of '
the Yale School of Religion; \Vi!linm F. (
Cochran, Frank Morrison, Darwin P* '
Kinpsley, James Duncan Dr. George c'. c
Whipple, Alice Carpenter, Lawrence F' '
Abbott, Ernest Poole, Hamilton Holt! '
*lP- fTra.nkel- M. L. Burton, president l
?r "i15 University of Minnesita; Cyrus
II. McCormick, Judge Ben B. Lindsey, <
Samuel P antz. president of Lawrence *
University, and Mary E. McDowel'. f
British Cabinet to Take
Up Rail Dispute Tuesday
LONDON, Jan7~Tl.?Premier Lloyd
George hos summoned Sir Robert
Stevenson Horne, Minister of Labor,
and Sir Eric Geddes, Minister of
Transportation, to Paris for a conr
eultation on the railway dispute. The
Ministers started for the French capi
tal to-day and are expected to return
Tuesday, when the Cabinet will d's
cuss the matter further and meet th
A long statement iasued to-day, pur
norting to reflect the/ government's
view m the matter, takes the line tha'
the railwaymen. r?i'?cted th* "?o-eri
ment's proposals wtthou* maturely con
sidering them and-deciares that had
longer time been. duvnuid to tne u
toiled expanation t)f the effect of the
offer a differont result might have
p/>en obtained. The statement odds
that there is no indication tho envern
rnent wiM refuse & reconsideration of
"The Dai'y Mnil" ftMm, to know
that James Henry Thomas and the
oh" leaders of the National Union
of Railwaymen, having accepted the
government offer with respoct to th*
demands of the men, will rfcsign rather
thnn lead a strike on this issue.
Have you something to sell?
Wi!l you let the people of the U. S. A.
form their buying habits without
learning about the goods vau malte.
Linfc your efforts to sell witha resolve
to advertise and let the finst stcp
be a diacussion of the subject with
COLLIN AUMSTItONG, Inc.
General Advi-rtising Agenta
1463 Broadway ?t 42nd Street, New York
TOIONTO MONTMHAL |X)NDON fARIS
League of Baltic
WARSA W, Jan. 11. ? The
"Gazette", announees that a plan
ia on fcot for the formation cf a
federation of Finland, Esthonia,
Lettonia and probably Lithuania.
The newspaper asserts the fed?
eration will rely upon Poland.
League of Nations
Being Formed bv
Interdependewe of World
Powfirs Will Be Inereased
by Imhistrial Develon*
ment, Says Association
Belief that the war prepared the
world for *'an inevitable league of
nations of some sort" through
economic decen.ra'izatior. which makes
the way clear for fed"ra'ism. i= ex
pressed in the report of the committee'.
on foreign trade of the American
Economic Association, made public
The report points out that the in?
dustrial deve'ipment of bnckward.
countries and.the tcnde"cy toward rjti
graticn awakened by the war wil! in
crep.se the interdependence of the
nations and thereby vitalize a league.
ln disciissipg the foreign trade out,-.
look, the report suggests further pri?
vate financing of European needa
rather than governmentaf, proposihg
that investment trusts be estabiished
to encouragu the purchase of foreign
bonds in the United States.
The report hold? that as Europe can?
not liquidate hor debts to the United
States in securities because o* the anti
alien laws on the other side of the
Atlantic and the fear. of economic
?lene'ration, and des not want to pay
her debts in gold, it will be necessary
for Europe to pay such debts u'limately
ip merchandise, though temporarily
further loans may have to he extended.
fis the productivity of European coun?
tries increases the present situation,
the report holds, will evcntually be re
versed and imports into the' Uniied
.States within a generation will exceed
The report adds that in the present
unsettled state of Europe developments
might modify these conclusions. "If
Europe falls into chaos," it continues,
"exports from the United States will
be greatly reduced. If the princ.'paj
and interest of our loans are th-is
wiped out the conditions which call for
an ultimate excess of imports will
cease to exist." j
The report is signed by David Fri?
day, of the University of Mich;gan;
Wcs'ey Frost, of the office of Foreign
Trade Adviser, Department of State;
A. Barton Hepburn, of the Chase Na?
tional Bank: Phillip B. Kennedy, of
the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce; Thomas- W. Lamont, of J.
P. Morgan & Co.; Jason A. Neilson of..
the M.rchantile Bnnk^-of the AmCr-'
cas: J Kusse'l Smith. of the School
of Business, Columbia University; 0.
M. . W. Sprague, of the Gracluate School
of Business Administration, Harvard
University; F. W. Ta ssig, of Harvard
University, and Elisha M. Friedman,
of the War Finance Corporation, chair?
man" of the committee.^>* .
Paris Opera Strikers
Sing to Crowded House
PARTS, Jan. 11.?The entirs house j
wns sold out by yesterday for th:s i
*vening's entert.p'nment g:von in the '
Generil Labor Fed^ration's Hall by,the '
'??trikirg artists of the opera. Thej
Paust billet,-with part of the corps of j
inncerg from the opera, was on the <
Camil'e S-nnt-Saens, the composer'
!ias notitfed the strike committee that j
n"ne of his worrs must be played at j
:hese concertB. The composer's nurae i
was hooted at the meeting at which I
",he announcement w^s jnade. ft Ivul t
?een intended to 2iv? Saint-Saens's j
'Samson and Delilah." j
The Italinn artists at the opera and f
^t the vaudeville theater hnve offered ,
:heir services to appear at benefits for
;he strikers. This is in contrast with j
:he head of a :ompany of R ssian '
lancers who, when asked for the serv- j
ces of his troupe, declared that he I
rould not allow his company, seventy
n number, to lose their means of
ivelih....cl by the interruption of the
Ji'llet sefson at the opera.
The strikers' committee, renlying to
:he Russian, after reminding him that
iis troupe had been appearing in vari
)v>s countries during the war. said:
'Your young people, who were dancing
vhile we were fighting, do not interest
Fails to Stir
Average Englishman Is
More Concerned About
High Cost of Living
Than World Politics
Wilson, Hoover Attacked
Botfotnly, Money and Lord
Cliarnwood Minimize U.S.
Loans and Losses in War
v ? ?-??
Nrw York Tn'hun*
<Copyrte+t. 1921. New York.Trlbune. Inc.i
LONDON, Jan. tl.?To day Great
Britain is at peace with Germany.
D'plomatic relationships technieally
havebetn resumed. but there h?.s been
lno outward sign that si.ch events have
taken p'ace Peace stole upon Eng
i lahd like a thief in the night. There
were no fiteworks, or celebrations. or
\ joUifioatiofts. The great. ceremony of
i. ending the world's greatest war was
: accomplished unremarked and almost
i unncticed by the large majority of
| Thc-trJth fs that the Brvtis^ public
j long ago discounted everything con
' nccted with war and peace. They are
[ preoccupied e.xclusively now with p?r
| sonal affairs. The high cost of living
jthe domestic- coal shortage, dancing
' theaters and- food now are of much
i more interest to them than the world's
j pojitical troubles, its comedies and
I tragedies. They are indifferent even
! to the subject of the trial of the former
j Kaiser and the question of whether it
will ever be held gives the man in the
! street no rfang.
Little Abuse of United States
To tell the truth. he cares no longer
for the treaty questions which are
agitating America. Statesmen. wr t
e.s and fmanciers have their own rca
xoiis for, amenin^. America's frbsi*'
tioni from the European pact, but the
Briti.h pubUc at large cannot be said
to be'shiJwing much' concern. The aver?
age Briton, from reading the news?
papers, has come to the conclrson
that Arnerica tomehow has not acted
in regard to the treaty in the way an
Englishman wovild have acted in the
same.. circumstances, but a kind of
hea'thy to'erance toward.. other
people's. opiriions "prevents his utter
ing sharp critici ms.
Of all British public men only the
perennial American baiter, Horatio Bjt
vi v, ?o^s out of 'h- way to abuse the
United States, though Sir Chiozza
P ney. parliamentarv ecretary for th"
Mjnistry of Shippi'ng, this 'morning
.takes Herbert Hoover to tark for his
chidmg message that Europe had better
get back to work.. Meney admits in his
.iinswer lo-l-L.-bver's phrase that "manv
n.oorle;-;in-Eur?re are not at work." be"
cause during the four years of war
Europe lost nearly 8,000,000 of her most
efiicient pmducer?, without inc'u',;ng
the probable lo=s of two more maimed
foi every one killed. Money continues:
I cannot help feeling that Mr
Hoover mi?ht have remembered this
when. h*:put.h-? message Into circula?
tion. This is not uttered as a rer,rna->h j
but.it, -vJiq is re!ev?nt to the condition
of worx in the wor'd at tVe close o"
the war to remind Mr. Hoover that
Americi. with her enormous pinul'
tion, which now anpi-aclu-s 112,000 000
lost no more than 50.000 men in the
confl'et, or less than the life contribu
tion made by Canada or Australia, with
,.?,.. rQur. iMams Aiinlmized
Money ^caps- His argunien't as to the
relative per'ormanees of the United
States and Great Bri nin by turnin? to
the financial side of the war and pro
cluces fi-jures to show th"t Enrland
lent to he Alli's 58 805,000.000 wh^re
as the United S'ate* len' $9 100 000 000
wHeh was "not much moe."
On the other hand.-Lord Chnrnwood
is d'-Hr.essed over. -"the deplor-.b'e ac
ceMuation of nntj-British rronay-ind
and feeling. in the United States." He
seeks to. pour oil on the troubled
waters by a longreview of the circum?
stances leading to America's attitude
toward the treaty, in which he throw*
all the blame on President Wilson foi
his -.maladroit ha-ndling of the Ameri?
can people. He says that mucb of the
feeling against Mr. Wilson and the
British. people is due to the Pre?id?nt's
attitude in booming the Democratic
P' rty at the last election, contrary to
the policy of American Presidents.
In short, Lord Charnwood puts the
whole troub'e down to President Wil
son'g bad management. Alth ugh hc
r.dmits that the impress:on is r?allv
s-rously unfair on the grour.ds that
l'.-"''nr(! ??-ouM k?->w thnt **r Wi^on
The Broker ij
makes daily use of his safe
de p o s 11 accommodations.
More and more business men
are learning the advantages
of this practice. Safe deposit
facihties are most valuable
when made a regular part of
Safe Deposit Company
115 BROADWAY NEW YORK
-rou'd not actually speak for America*
he says: "*'
"I'm sure the ordinary Enelishm..
hinks that Americ-.ns ?re OPm d
us. The whole scheme for a league of
nations was nccepted here as an ?1.
can pohcy, and now that Grent Brit.i
.di-cnver. rtiat the United S'a'el
making difficu fos about it rn n.l
urally is incli"ed to feel himself
trapped and sold." mniseir
Poincare Is Elected
To SenattV^^ to 30
A.fthourh Not a Canddate,
French Prc8i<Jent U Chosen
to Represent Meuse
PARIS. Jan. 12.?Raymond Poincare,"
President of the French Republic, to
day was elected Senator for the De
i partment of the Meuse on the second
| ballot by a vote of 742 out of 77?
i votes east.
Prerident Poincare was not a candi
date for ,.k- office but received 171}
votes on the first ballot. None of the
candidates received sufficient voteg to
elect, and the electors concentrated on
Stephcn Pichon, Minister of Forelw
AfTairs; Albert Claveille, Minister of
Pub.ic Works; Leon Bourgeo.s. former
j Premier; C. C A. Jonart former
Min ster of Blockade; Jules P(ms,
I Minister of the Intorior; Joseph J B
.E.rNoulens, Food Minister, and Etienne
Clementel. former Minister of Com
merce, all were elected on the first
Among others elected on the first
ba lot were former Prcnver Ribot. Al?
bert F. Lebrun, former Minister of
B ockade; Rene Renoult, who will re
p ace M. Clemenceau and who had the
Premier's support; Captain Guv de
Lubersac, aviator, and General -Tauf
flier, who last year married an Ameri?
can woman, Mrs. Julia Catiin Park.
The Senators elected on the fint
bal'ot comprise: Conservatives, 11;
Liberal Republicans, 8; .Progres ives',
11; Republicans, 8; Left, 42? Radicsi
Socialists, GO; Repub ican Socialist, 1.
Prudence Demands War
Preparedness, Says Foch
Futal to Believe One Will Nol
Have to F?-'h< Because One
Doesn't Wi?h To. He Says
PARIS Jan. 11 -Prenoratior for wai
la urced as a measure of prudence by
Marshal Foch in an intcrview printed
Friday in the "Excel ior." War is no
longer an nrt. the marshal said. but ^
science and industry, and the French
C"^ 1 nri mt'-'h fr< m a s.udy of Lie
works of Gtrman*.
''The le s-n which France and th.1
world rhould draw fr~m the war is t'le
l^ss^n 0f prudence." the marshal ia d,
"With the best wi h i'i the world, wcr
? t pq( ;i'w ??? fivor"h '? "ir.
break on the frontiers of the most pa
cif'c people?perhapa most easily 011
th^se frontiers. It would be ;'ata! to
believe that one will not have to iight
because one does not wi h to tight. If
it needs two for a fight one alone is
ennnph to be biaten."
The interview with Marshal Foch was
obtained through tl.e reporter bein?
able to present him with photographa
~f ' is fmrifinr.. b' v and r c?s '- n
by an "Excelsior" photographer ?? Mo
Mp'^ba Fcc1! 8P'i^ he oid rot exnert
to find time to produce any work on
*he war or for hi- reception at the
French Academy. Among other things
"It is by studying thoroughly tho
-..ctjcs 0f fi e en^my th** hi? we 'k sr"ti
c"n be discovered. Klausewitz and
Bernhardi (German military wntersi
have shown me that the most rigid
system'' cannot always withstand ob
servation. It is rare tha? the enem?
who belicves he has left nothing to
chance does not give you some good
opportunity of beat ing him. Such an
opportunity must be sought, and, if
A Real Opportunity
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