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Vol. LXXIX No. 26,721
[Copyright. 1020,
New York Tribun? Inc.l
Ass
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials Advert?a
rpESDAY, JAOTARY 13, l?20
Sritmnt
ementa
WEATHER
Increasing: cloudiness and ?armer to?
day : to-morrow colder and prob?
ably lair: southerly winds
shifting to ?est.
full Ke?M>rt on !*!?*???? is!
1* *J* *t* *t*
.... ..?v... ?" <ire?ter New York ?nil I THKRt; Ct.VT?
TWO IENT?? ?mithin commuting diftUnre | Msetrtaer?
Treaty
efuses, 71 to 33, to Reseat Five Socialists;
romise Hinges on Revision of Article X
President to
pass on An^
/ Agreement
Democrat!- Plan to Divide
Responsibility With Re?
publicans if Executive
Approval Is Withheld
Hitchcock Prevents
Break With Wilson
New Reservation Rejected
by Lodge Men; Effort
To Be Continued To-day
AVio York Tribune
Ji'axhiitoton Bureau
WASHINGTON, ?Jan. 12.?Nego?
tiations for a compromise on the
peace treaty in the Senate have be?
come centered on a reservation to
Article X of the league of nation?
covenant
If Senators Lodge .and Hitchcock
can be brought together behind s
reservation on that article,'Repub?
lican and Democratic Senators wh<
have been working for a compromis?:
said to-day that an agreement couli
be reached immediately and thi
treaty ratified and sent to Presiden
Wilson without delay.
The diff?rence.- between the Re
publicans and the Democrats oi
other reservations have been virtual
Iv adjusted, and an understand) nj
has been reached. A tacit under
standing has been reached whereb;
the Democrats will accept' the I.odg
nervations as the basis for a com
??gromise. and the Republicans, wil
ttmke some concessions on some o
"Vtaose. *
way Record- .No Progress
The two sides were no nearer ai
?crreeinent to-day than they wer
'?'flowing the conference last nigh
)f eighteen Democratic Senator:
?wing to the positions taken by th
Democrats with respect to the res
?rvation on Article X.
The sincerity of the Democrats i
iaking a compromise also was ques
tioned by Republicans in view r
'leclarations made by Democrati
leaders, who said that before th
Democrats would vote on any con
promise they might arrange the
would first find out whether Pr?s
dent Wilson would accept the con
promise.
Senator Hitchcock, leader of the A?
ministration forces in the Senate,
became known to-day. prevented h
Democratic colleagues at the confe
ence last night from ignoring the Pre
'.dent altogether and speeding ratifie
tion in the Senate without regard
whether the President would depos
the ratification after the Senate hi
acted. He Insisted that the Democrat
party would have to bear all the blar
for the defeat of the treaty if tl
President should refuse to accept ai
?greement made with the Republicat
President's Views Made Dominant
?Senator Hitchcock, it was said t
?lay. led the discussion on every res?.
ration to a consideration of wheth
the President, might accept the pi
posed compromis?, reservation.
As_a result of Senatoi Hitchcoc!
activity the mi ?ority of rhr- Democri
'o the Senate have been turned froir
revolt against the President, ar.d t
compromise negotiations have taken
i new aspect The Democratic Sei
tors, instead of working solely to
eure rat fication on ! -.?? o - posi il
terns, n-.;,'.- are working to secure ra
fication on some basis that Presid?
W i*on will agree to, and if they f
'? that, to so maneuver the situation
' '? Senate that the Republicans v
r*v? to take the responsibility for
feating rati?eation on another rote
'he Senate, which the Democrats h?
'' (Arce ?? ? the help of some of
i ?' reservationists on the Republic
tide.
The Democrats are taking dangeri
ritan ces," said Senator Hitchcock
say. MWs ?ri- in a serious posh i
'?) 'irse but the D?mocratie party wo,
?s blamed for the defeat of the tre
? ho'jld conclude an agre em
'a. reservation- which the rresid
-??j ;.?<t aee_pt."
Policy on Agreement Reserved
; whether it was the intent
- submit any compromis? plan '.
I, b? agi -? d to b ?? '-//o-thirds
'-'?? Senat? to the ?'resident before
Democrat* would permit a vote on
? enator H ??.? - coi . laid:
"That. ,.v ;, bridge which v.e
'?tin* when ??'' ttatu to .?.. W?
Ww that up when we reach it."
Senator "?!?'K?-ii?r, <>i Tennessee)
''?the author? of the ?lag of modi
Udf- reservation? submitted by
Democrat* to th? Refttfbficans
***% *? the opening wedge in the c
t'f'im',%1. tteg?tii t?o i -i ?I, hwwi
'-*t the Democrats deeided las! n
'?'.' _,^'1,'i iit''J ''"ni"'i!-:'"'^ plan
'?'??*? President arid sacure bis appr
0' it before '!??-, would .?te toi I
"We are going ahead ?u? trvinj
?rranjf?. ft een-premi*_ that will ?.<?
?tlncatien of the trraty and to /
9* President wilt agree," sa.d 8en
?eKeiiar. "|f the President sheoU
*??*.* that, b? would ' ot <)?-j.o>-.'
?eat i on on the basii- of th? compre
Cvntin.ur.il '/>< /JO'jr ?rref
Wilson Calls League Council
To Convene in Paris 'Friday
WASHINGTON, Jan. {'?.-~President Wilson to-day issued the call
for the first meeting of the council of the league of nations to convene
at Paris at lOr.'lO a. m. Friday. It was directed to the ambassadors
of the Entente nations which have become parties to the exchange of.
ratifications of the Treaty of Versailles, and will not be made public
until it has been transmitted by them to their governments.
The call, which was brief, was issued by the President in accord
with the terms of the treaty. The United States will not be repre?
sented at the meeting, which is expected to provide for setting up a
number of commissions, ' immediate creation of which to carry out
certain provisions of the treaty is mandatory.
Bryan Says Senate
Will Soon Ratify
Opposes Referendum, Be?
lieves U. S. Will Join
League oflSations Friday
LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 12.?William
Jennings Bryan told members of the
Lincoln Commercial Club here to-day
that it was inlinitely more important
that the peace treaty be ratified before
January 16 with concessions by both
sides in the treaty fight thanNto con?
tinue a state of war for fourteen
months until the people could decide
in favor of ratification at the coining
elections.
Mr. liryan expressed the belief that
the Senate would ratify the treaty by
next Friday so the United States could
enter the league of nation? at its first
.session on thai day.
He denounced what he said were ac?
cusations of Republican newspapers
that there had been a split in the Dem- ?
ocratic party over the league covenant.
- The most important thing, he de?
clared, was to secure ratification of
the treaty, and if compromise efforts
to this end between Democrajic and
'Republican Senators failed the matter
could be turned over to the Repub?
licans, who would be responsible if it
was not settled to the satisfaction of
the people.
-Air. Bryan reiterated his denial of j
a '"break" between him and President ?
Wilson over the treaty. Neither kne.w j
what the other was going to say re?a- !
five to the treaty prior to the Jackson
r>?.y banquet recently held at Washing- !
ton. he declared.
Mr. Bryan delivered another address :
here to-day before the Nebraska Con- j
stitutional Convention on "The Funda- !
menial Principios <??: a Stale Con- ;
stitutiou."
. ?
Camera Men Try to Snap
Wilson From Load of Hay
Trick That Succeeded Against
Ex-Kaiser Fails to Fool White :
House Guards
V, u) York Tribune !
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON. Ian. 12. Enterpris- j
ing photographers, who attempted to j
take President Wilson': picture to-day j
by adopting th ? trick used success?
fully to get pictures of former Em?
peror William Hohenzollern in hit; gar?
den at Ameronge.-i. were foiled by Se
:re! Service agents.
While the President was taking his
usual morning air cure in his wheel
chair on the ?outh grounds of the White
House three photognmhers, secreted in
a ioad of hay, drove dijwn Executive
Avenue and remained hidden until they
believed they were outside the range of
the White House sleuths. Jack Slye
and. Miles McCallill, however, had spied
the suspicious looking load of fodder an
it progressed leisurely past the White
House offices and turned lo ;-kirt. the
south portion of the White House
grounds.
When the photo men showed their
heads and were about to click their
machines and record the President a
sick mau in hin wheel chair, Slye and
McCahill intervened and prevented
the photograph being taken.
The President gave consideration to?
day to a number of appointments that
are pending, and is expected before the
week is out definitely to announce his
selection for the post of chief of en?
gineers of the army and of several
other important positions in the gov?
ernment.
WoodWon't Resign From
Army, He Tells Friends
General Declares Remaining in
Service Will Not Interfere With
Presidential Candidacy
Special Corr<ivr>o>nl<! ?CO
BALTIMORE, Jan. 12.- General Leon
?.'?( Wood will not r-sign from the
army if such a step is necessary u, be a
candidate for President. He so told
his host and old friend Norman James,
and the gentlemen from Washington
and Baltimore Invited to meet the gen
cral at a private dinner to-night at
Mr. James' country home near Balti?
more. In his informal talk after the
dinner the general said:
"J shall not resign from the army,
if rfuch a step is necessary to !??? a
candidate for ['resident of the United
States. Precedents arc abundant that
my connection with the urmy does not
interfere with any Presidential ambi?
tion which my friends arc wishing
Upon me As an office)- 0? the army
i recognize President Wilson as my
commander in chief, and to him I owe
my ale/iaiiee,"
Five Speeders Go to Jail
Fach Get? Five Day? and One a
f im* in Addition
five second offenders convicted yes
ter day In the Traffic Court of speeding
?'.??r rent to jail for live days each,
.u.'l a fine was imposed on one of them?
Magistrate Kouse announced that if ?
f?v day jail sentence wasn't sufficient
warn ing for persistent speeders h?
would mft?e it fifteen <luy*.
it, was the busies! dav of the year In
>\<. Traffic Court, Magistrat? Cobb
??Minted Magistrate Mouse, s.n-1 ?'?'>"
',,?,.!?* ?.vi-r? 'I Spane?! of, ill resulting ??i
convict Ion*?
Sinn Fein Plan
Clean Sweep in
Municipal Poll j
Proportional Representation
System Will Have First
Teat in 126 Elections!
in Ireland on Thursday
By Frank A. Getty
! New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
I n.?.uyrl(?lj'. lisio. New Tori; Tribune Ino. )
! DUBLIN, Jan. 12.?A true test of,
Ireland's political situation will be af?
forded Thursday, when 126 municipal
elections take place throughout the
country. For the first time Irish munie- j
ipalities will elect officials under the
proportional representation system?
what is known in Ulster as the "Hare
system." |
The result is that for the first time i
j in history>Irish municipal affairs, as
| distinguished from national political.
I questions, are receiving attention by
! the community at large. Polling is ex?
pected to be the largest ever recorded.
Th? results probably will be sig?
nificant, for proportional representa?
tion has for its original concept fair
play for the .minority. Under the i
former system of holding municipal
elections the Sinn Fein 'lenient, hold-'
ing, as it does, the balance of power,
filled all the seats of the diff?rent bor?
ough counties and completely domi
nat"(i the situation. The government,
in introducing proportional representa?
tion, believed it might result in giving
?lie anti-Sinn F?in minority in Ireland
a chance to demonstrate its strength.
Action May Be Surprise
Competent judges of th? situation
are predicting that Sinn F'?in under
the new system will sweep .the- coun?
try. The only places in Ireland where
the minority is expected to derive the
theoretical advantage from the system
'?.re two disputed counties in Ulster,
Tyrone and Fermanagh, where the
Catholic Sinn F?in minorities are ex?
pected to benefit tremendously by the
new privilege.
Provided the anticipations of the
best observers are justified bj Thurs?
day's results, the elections will go to
prove Sinn Fein and (.he Nationalist
element -much stronger than ever a<l
mitted.
Inasmuch as the elections are being
j run pnrnanly as a demonstration for
America's benefit, the Irish National?
ists are anxious t?> make an impression
in Ulster, and feel that American sym?
pathy with a representative system
i will lead to sympathetic consideration
j of the Sirfn Fein cause when resilient.-.
of the United States s?-e how over?
whelmingly it Bweeps the count ry.
On the other hand, aside from what?
ever influence the elections have upon
; American feelings, as regards Ireland,
the outcome may conceivably be menac?
ing. Local authorities who will be
elected will be compelled by law to
raise rates? taxes - for partial main?
tenance of the police and for compen?
sation for outrages awarded by courts
which obtain their authority from
Britain.
Cause for New Clash
Sinn F?in candidates, however, who
expect to be victorious have sinned
a pledge "to recognize the republic
established by the will and vote (,f the
Irish people as the l?gitim?t.?; govern?
ment of Ireland." In other words they
will instantly come in conflict with
Dublin Castle, the seat of British gov
eminent in Ireland. Furthermore, they
'.?.ill not vote the rates required by
law- British law, that is. The govern?
ment'-! only recourse in Unis ?nstame
; will bo m withhold the amount of the
rates for the announced purposes from
appropriations for other purposes.
Consequently there may be financial
; chao;; when the Sinn F?iners come into
' control of municipal affairs,
The Sinn F?iners plan to insist that,
having been elected under the old sys?
tem and again under the. proportional
representation system, they are really
? more representative than the members
! of the present Mouse of Commons.
As far as the Sinn F?in minority in
the North is concerned, its object is to
obtain sufficient power in hitherto
.Unionist municipalities to prevent the
Protestants from passing the usual
bills. In Londonderry, for instance,
, this may happen, for the Sinn F?iners
joined with the Nationalist and Labor
parties against the Unionists.
In? Ulster the contests are develop?
ing along Btrictly sectarian Im?-*. Bui
Labor is growing steadily, and as the
dark horse of the election mii; spring
surprises on various communities.
Sum?! strange situation? have arisen.
Take, Por instan'-, the ces?, ol the
town of Westport, Then are eighteen
i vacancies in the Urban District Coun?
cil to b" filled Thursday. Only four
candidates two Sinn F?iners and two
; Independents -would stand for election,
According to regulations, the four
1 ?hou?d have been declared elected and
: the remaining fourteen selected by lot
; from the outgoing*members. Th" out
' going member? o? 'he council, however,
number only SOVon, for eleven hHV0
Continued on next pag?
??l,.rl? ItofXU -fin. ?100, (WOO, ?11,000?
, ?',. i, i,u,wbi ? ? <<,?*"?i Instante ?
I ,l..tni \Jwlr * Co., 81 L rosfli "?" ??''"'
W
Mexico Masks
Banditry Rule
By Censorship
Decree o f Deportation
Hangs Like Sword of
Damocles Over Corre?
spondents Telling Truth
"News" Usually Falsified
American Writers Forced
to Report Fake Victories
Against Rebel 1 ?eaders
By Wilbur Forrest
(Copjricht, 1920, New York Tribun* tiuO
SAN ANTONIO. Tex.. Jan. 12.?The
Mexican government is to-day main?
taining a telegraphic censorship ovet
news dispatches emanating from the
southern republic comparable only with
-the rigorous censorships maintained
by great European nations during thf
World War.
During the last few month?, with
the famous kidnaping of Consulat
Agent W. O. Jenkins bringing abou'
an acute stage in the relations of th(
United States and Mexico, repr?senta
tives of the American press in Mexie<
City?distribution point of all Mexicai
news?have been unable to presen
either the Jenkins case or any othe
situation involved in the Mexican con
troversy in doubtful aspect.
Though the Carransa government de
nies that such a news ban exists,
have been able to learn from unim
?reachable sources that censors are 0!
constant duty within the cable an.
telegraph office with orders to suppres
anything that may appear derogator
to or in controversy with the situa
tion as the Carranza government wish
es to present it for American new?
paper consumption.
Thus American correspondents, sn
especially representatives of the tw
great news agencies, The Associate
Press and The United Press, are force
to dispatch, at the expense of their 01
ganizations. statements by governmer
officials, government, versions of b??
ties with rebels, subject matter ret'u
ing testimony before the .Senate it
vestigatlng committee and general? ma
ter which would tend to snow that a'
fairs in Mexico are rapidly approacl
ing those of well-balanced governmer
and a pacific interior.
Face Ex pu Won Any Moment
Mexico City correspondents?thot
v.ho are not openly pro-Carranza?an
there are some who are. -are forced 1
choose their words carefully, becaui
closely interlinked with the Carrani
censorship is what is known to evei
American in Mexico, Article 33?o. pr
vision of the Mexican Constitution pe
nutting of immediate expulsion fro
the country, without explanation,
any foreigner who is persona non gra
in the eyes of the government.
Article 33 works something like thi
One evening an American correspon
ent wa-> sitting- in a caf? on th<. Cal
Francisco f Madero. He had evident
said or done something which i??
pleased official V?exico. The fingers
a government agent in civilian cloth
tapped him on the shoulder. A voi
ordered him to get up and come outsic
He was told that he was going to lea
Mexico immediately. He protested, a
when be found that protest was tu-.elc
lie asked to be allowed to go to 1
apartment and pack his grip; also
seek friends and borrow enough mon
to buy food and comforts for the tr
Everything was denied. The writ
?.vas taken to I be railway station, p
on a train under guard and escorted
the American border, vhere he arriv
?lirty and hungry and without mom
to continue his journey on to his hoi
,ii the interior of the United States.
Like Sword of Damocles
The "Thirty-tin " has been imp'os
on none of the journalistic professi
that I know of during the Inst ye
but hangs like the sword of Damoc
always over their heads, and they mi
write accordingly. One that I'know
has been openly threatened more tl:
once.
There is no special indication tl
mail from Mexico is censored. Ik
ever, there is plenty that agents ?>f '
Mexican government sear every i
anent Mexico appearing in Amerii
papers, and it is "Thirty-three"? f
woe to the correspondent who trios
present true facts about Mexico ?
remain in Mexico.
A Chicago paper maintains a cor
spondont at Tampico who writes p
?font facts regarding the true situ?t
in the oil fields. Hut he writes i
spirits his "copy" out ot* Mexico soi
what after the fashion the "Libre t
gique" was printed and circulated
the cellars of Brussels during the G
man occupntion. It is probable
caught be will suffer something wo
than the "Thrty-three."
Pads Difficult to Get
It is sufficiently clear from this c
aorial state of affairs ?in Mexico t
if the American public hears of ?
races perpetrated on American citiz
in Mexico or killings thereof they ir
?irst get the news from the State
partaient in Washington, whose di
mats am! consular agents in Me.
make written reports and send t!
to Washington by telegraphic code
in the diplomatic mail pouch. Am
the State Department would hand
for publication everything contnine.
?i). ?e consulni and diplomatic rep
American public opinion would do
less dictate some sort of a fixeii po
t.,.ward our pestiferous Southern ne
bor or demand rood old-fashio
American satisfait ion.
While Carranza'? government e
the news sent at American exp?
from Mexico to th? United States
,i o edits the Moxican press, but
?mailer extent. Government rep
almost constantly speak of the pa
cation of new districts in dis
staiei and tell of the surrender pi
tonded surrender of rebel chieftl
i Continued ov />","' four
New Corean Army
De fea ts J?pa n ese
HONOLULU, ?Jan 12 luv The
Associated Press).?A Corean
nutional army has crossed the
Siberian frontier into Corea and
has captured En Chin from the
I Japanese provisional government
j forces, according' to a cablegram
? from Shanghai to the Corean N;i
; tional Association here.
? Dr. GrantYRed'
I Defence Before
Bishop To-day
?
\ Hfari o?' Episcopal Diocese
Will Announce Decision
After Hearing Vestrymen
of Church of Ascension
In compliance with a request bj
j Bishop Charles S. Burch. o^ the Epis
I copal Church, the vestry of the Church
; of the Ascension met last night tt
! draft a report to ^he bishop.concern
ing the recent utterances of the Rev
Dr. Percy Stickney Grant, rector o
the church, with u view to possiblt
; action against the clergyman. Hi!
linking of the deported "Reds" wit!
j the Pilgrim passenger-, of the May
? flower in a sermon on December 2'
? prompted the vestry's investigation.
Bishop Burch said last night that hi
? would uct this afternoon on the deci
' sion of '.he vestry. He added that h<
would be guided <v the facts reporte?
; to him.
? ''We are a church of law and order.
\ Bishop Burch told a rep?irter for Th
, Tribune last night, "Officially I kho\
\ nothing of the case. I can take n
? official action until the vestry reports.
? "Dr. Grant has the constitutions
; right of free speech. Until it is show
I that that right has been abused a<
cording to canons of the (.'burch o
that he has preached in the Churc
doctrines that . are subversiv? of th
i doctrines of the Church, there can I
? no ground for action against him.
! such facts are shown it will then t
my duty to act, just as it would be tl
: duty of civil authorities to act, if an
? man should break the civil law.
"Dr. Grant has no right to use. h:
church for the discussion of mis?e
\ laneous topics in connection with r<
| ligious services without the authorif
of the bishop. Such discussions woul
1 properly he. held in the parish hous
not the church."
: Asked what would be the procedui
in case the vestry reported the facl
; without any recommendation, Bisho
Burch said it would then rest wit
him to determine if action against, tt
rector was demanded under the canoi
! of the church.
Bishop Burch enumerated ?.'our pom
i upon which Dr. Grant might be brougl
1 to trial. They are: conduct unbecon
ing a clergyman; immorality; preac
ing contrary to the doctrines of tl
church; and abandoning the ministe
"If a proceeding against Dr. Grai
is recommended to me," the bish<
: continued, "nothing will be done wir
. out my first seeing him and hearii
? his side of the case fully\ He h
I constitutional rights, and any possib
: action will be taken according to In
j and justic?.'."
Disclaiming any intention to "n:u
'?zle" Dr. Grant i'or his utterance
' vestrymen of the Church of the Asee
j sion disclosed yesterday that an e
I tended itrios of conferences regardil
| Dr. Grant has been hold without a
' decision being reached.
i George Cordon Battle, a warden
the church, said that soon after 1
i Grant's address of December 2.7 t
' vestrymen had taken up the matt
| and had since held "two or ihr
; meetings."
"There has been a series of confi
! enees held to promote a clear und?
' -Handing between Dr. Grant and t
vestry," Mis Battle -aid. "No din
I action h;>s been taken. Personally
j have the highest regard ami ;ste<
for Dr. Grant."
When one vestryman was asked
there was any truth in the report tl
the body had given Dr. Grant t
: choice of modyfying his utterances
retiring from the pulpit he -??-.id. ''J
j It has not reached that stage. We :
1 still engaged in finding out exac
i what bus been said."
Harold A. Content, former assista
United Slates district attorney and
vestryman of the Church of the Asc<
sion, yesterday declared himself aa p
sunaliy opposed to Dr. Grant's vie
and ii favor of deportation of "Bed
but also in favor of free expression
; Dr. Grant. He indie.led that opinii
among the eighteen vestrymen var
widely on Dr. Uran',- utterances.
Dr. Grant was ill with a sever;.- c
yesterday and refused to comment
j the work of the vestry.
He was born in I860 and came to
Church of th<* Ascension in ISW.
', assumed charge or. condition Una!
! pews b? free and the church open ev
,' daV
>
Oui ja Boards Blamed
For Ills of Studen
?iieciai Coi respondent
? ANN ARBOR, Mich., Jan. la. "Oi
: hoards are becoming more plentiful
, the fraternity and society homes ;
' in the rooms ofr independent stude
than Bibles or prayer books anil m
frequently consulted,'1 declared a m
be?.- of the faculty of the Un i ven
. of Michigan to-day commenting o
report he had just received that
young women in his classes had ii
obliged to leave school and place 111
selves in the hands t>i' nerve special
; because of their devotion m the oi
board.
Another member of the univet
faculty recently issued this wan
in the classroom: "If the students
i devote the time to study that I hey
give to the ?lui.ia board there will
1 fewer students placed on the 'he
, or on the 'warned' lists at the ?ut
the Bemester, after the examin?t
are over. To inj mind the In?-<
tiie oui.ja is becoming >? serious mol
?n i hi.-, country."
Hoover Advises
That U. S. Quit
Feeding Europe
Suggestion Is Made After]
8150,000.000 Asked by!
Secretary Glass tor Pur-1
pose Had Been Granted
Austria's Granaries Lost
Nation Doomed To Be lier
petuai Poorho'use, With
'Producing Areas Taken
Sew York Tribune
yVasliinptott Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.?After the
$150,000,000 requested by Secretary
Glass of the Treasury had been grant?
ed, Herben Hoover told the House
Ways and Means Committee to-day
vie United States should cease to ex?
tend charity to Buffering Europe.
"The Austrian situation." said Mr.
Hoover, "is the worst, in all Europe.
j the need for food has become so des?
perate that she has offered the famous
works of art in her National Galleries
as security, but personally I am on
posed to accepting them. 1 feel cer?
tain that the United States would not
become a pawnbroker. Austria has no
coal und cannot obtain grain in any
considerable, quantity because of the
depreciated value of her currency.
"The political situation in Austria 1
hesitate to discuss, but. it. is the cause
of the trouble. Austria has now no
hope of being anything more than a
perpetual poorhouse, because all her
lands that produce food have been
taken from her. This, I will say, was
1 done without American inspiration.
Security for Loan Demanded
"If this political situation continues
and Austria is made a perpetual men
! dicant, the United States should not
I provide the charity. We should make
I the loan suggested ?with full notice
. that those who undertake to continue
! Austria's present status must pav the
! bill.
"Present Austria faces three alter?
natives?-death, migration or a c?m?
plete industrial diversion and reorgan
! ization. Her economic rehabilitation
seem? impossible after the way she
? was broken up at tne peace confer
; ence. Her present territory will pro
! duce only enough food for three
i months, and she now lias no factories
! which might produce products to be
I exchanged for food."
Speaking of conditions generally in
! Europe, Mr. Hoover said there is prog
1 ress toward reconstruction, and ex
pressed the view that that work would
? be hindered instead of advanced by m%e
i loans from the United States, lie said
' during the war this country lent about
! $2,500,000,000 to give Europe food, and
that nil but possibly $12.000.000 of
this, which was used to feet! under?
nourished children, will be repaid.
Aid for Poland, because reconstruction
has been delayed by war against the
; Russian Bolsheviki, was urged by Mr.
Hoover.
Poles Protecting Europe
"The Poles ?re doing remarkably
; well, although they have. 700,000 nie:;
! under arms along a front of 1,000
?miles," said Mr. Hoover. "If this front
; should collapse the whole financial
structure of Europe would be shaken.
''Armenia, must receive aid until it
is determined what nation will have
a mandatary over her. The peace con?
ference has agreed that the nation that
accepts 'this must, assume the debts
resulting from the food the f'nited
.StMtes has sent.''
?Speaking of the general-situation Mr,
Hoover said:
"The British financial situation is
rapidly improving and the g?nerai in
dustrial outlook is favorable. French
and Italian prospect.- are not quite so
good, and Italy way need some bread
stuffs before the next harvest. Belgium
has made a wonderful recovery. She is
financing food imports of $20.000.000 a
month without direet assistance. Ger?
many can ?-are for herself with a little
assistance from che reparations com
mission. In Bulgaria, Serbia, Rumania,
South Russia and Turkey some surplus
of food exist.-;. The fact thai twenty
new states with no experience in gov?
ernment were created by the peace
treaty has, of course, delayed recon?
struction work."
Transfer of Credit Preferred
Mr, Hoover said organizations inter?
ested in relief in Europe ar?- attempt
iiii? to work out a system by which
there need be no actual transfer of
money on European soil to those per?
sons Americans are trying to aid, but
a safeguarded transfer to a proper in?
stitu? ion here would result in a food
credit in Europe. He suggested that
in the past there have been enormous
frauds if? connection with remittances
to Europe, perpetra led largely by itin
; erant dealers in exchange. Frauds have
been committed also, he said, by con?
cern-' selling food packages here for
European delivery. "The best of these,"
he told the committee, "we have found
to contain about $7 worth of food, and
they were sold for.$27."
Neither Great Britain nor any other
European nation. Mr. Hoover t.old the
committee, is attempting to float a loan
with the United States government.
29,000 Jews Massacred
hi Ukraine Up to Sept. 9
Senate <iets Report Made by
General Judtvin After. Tour?
ing Pogrom Section
WASHINGTON, -fan. 12. Jews _?iled
in pogroms in the Ukraine up to Sep?
tember !), 1919, wer.- estimated at 29.000
b- Brigadier General Jathvin. of the
[fnited States Army, in a report on his
tour of insoection of that country last
September,'transmitted to the Senate
to-day by Pre- ident Wilson m response
to a resolution by Senator Spencer.
. Republican, Missouri.
General Jadwin said be was fur?
nished with exact dates and names of
; towns for 10,712 of those killed.
"1 have no good reason for doubting
I the 10,712 figure, and I would not be
surprised if 'he 29,000 ligure was sub
; -?tnntm'.ly corrftct," he said, ?dding Hint
no doubt niHiiy others were killed "i
whirh thei?* pf's "*' record.
Japan Told U. S.
Will Quit Siberia
American Army to Depart
After Repatriation of
the Czechs Next Month
WASHINGTON. Jan. VI (By Th^
.Associated Press ?.--Decision to with?
draw the American troops from,Siberia
upon the completion oi the repatria?
tion of the Czecho-Slovak forces next
month has been reached by the Ameri?
can government.
The troops. 8,000-in all, were sent to
Siberia in accord with an agreement
i among the United States, Japan and
the Entente powers to aid the Czechs
; no protect, the Siberian Railroad, and
, Japan has been notified by the United
States of the cancellation of that agree?
ment in so far as it affects the pres?
ence of an American military expedi
; tion.
When the Czechs have been re
I moved the American Railroad Com?
mission, headed by John F. Stevens,
which has been in Russia since before
the fall of the former Czar's govern
: ment, will leave Vladivostok for home,
and the American soldiers under Major
General Graves will follow as soon as
transports can be made available. Pre
' sumably the same ships which are to
i take the Czecho-Slovak troops across
; the Pacific will be used. Two of these
; vessels, the President Grant and the
: America, are expected to leave New
York within a few days.
Bar Will Vote
On Aiding Fight
Of 'Ousted Five'
1 Members of *City Associa?
tion Will Act To-night on
Proposal to Help Social?
ist? Regain Their Seats
The Association of the Bar of th?
City ?of New York will vote to-night on
a resolution providing for the appoint
j ment of a special committee of members
to help the Socialist party force the As
' 8erobIy to rescind its action in exclud?
ing five Socialist; Assemblymen.
?Some of the most distinguished names
on the roster of the organization are
signed to the proposed resolution', copies
of which wer? sent, to members yester
day. Among them are the names of
several lawyers the Socialists are anx?
ious to retain to conduct the fight that
is expected to begin Albany to-morrow
morning before the Judiciary Committee
oi the Assembly. One of the-e i.?
Charles E. Hughes.
Test of Resolution
, The proposed resolution, which was
made public by former Representative
Herbert Parsons, follows:
"Whereas, this association regards
with a deep sense of anxiety the ac?
tion of the Assembly of this state in
suspemling from its membership the
five members of the Socialist party
v.'ho were duly elected members of
?.he Assembly at the last election;
and.
''Whereas, any attempt by a major?
ity to exclude from the Legislature
those who have been duly elected to
its membership, merely because of
their affiliation with a political party.
is un-American and, ;f successful,
; must destroy the rights oi minori?
ties and the very foundations of
representative government; and,
"Whereas, the five members of the
Socialist party now suspended from
membership are charged to be unfit
for membership in the Legislature
because of their membership in the
Socialist party, and not because of
any- personal untitness, it is hereby
"Resolved, that this association is
unalterably opposed to any action by
the Assembly excluding from its
membership because of affiliation
with a political party any person
duly elected to its membership, and
it is further
"Resolved, that the president of
this association appoint a special
committee, who shall appear before
the Assembly or its Judiciary Com?
mittee and take such action as may
in their judgment be necessary to
safeguard ami protect the principles
of representative government which
are involved in the proceedings now
pending."
Many Names Signed
I he names signed to the copies of
ttie proposed resolution are as fol?
lows: Charle* E. Hughe's, Morgan J.
O'Brien, Charle- S. Whitman, Charles
.'?!. Hough. Charles C. Burhngham,
Henry De Forest Baldwin, Howard
Mansfield, Philip G. Bartiett, Harlan F.
Stone, Robert H. Neilson. Thomas D.
rhacher. Van Yechten Veeder, Herbert
Parsons John Kirkland Clark, Lansing
? P. Reed. Grenviiie Clark. Wilson M.
Powell, George W. Wickersh&m, Louis
Marshall. Henry L. Stimson. F. W. M.
Cutcheon, Samuel H. Ordway, Nelson
S. Spencer, Howard Taylor. Charles W.
Pierson, George Zabriskie, R. G. Mon?
roe, William E. Curtis. Allen Wardwell.
Brorson Winthrop, Ogden L. Mills.
Charle- E. Hughes jr., Kenneth M.
Spence, Alfred C. Coxe jr. rtnd Charles
I!. Strong
No definite plans were made by the
Socialist leaders here yesterday be?
cause they are awaiting the return from
Saranac of Morris Hillquit, who is ex?
pected to assume the r?le of counsel in
chief in the coming light. Mr. Hillquit
has been stay in? at Saranac for many
months fighting an illness 'hat has
threatened his life.
His brother. Jacob Hillquit, anc% S.
John Block and William Karlin. who
comprise a legal sub-committee of a
defense committee of eight, held a con?
ference yesterday afternoon in People's
Hou?c. in which is housed the Rand
School of Social .Science and the head?
quarters for the Socialist Barry.
At the conclusion of their meeting.
Jacob Hillquit said an offer had been
received from former Supreme Court
Justice Samuel Seabury to represent
the Socialists in the fight at Albany.
Mr. Hillquit indicated that because ?f
the delay in getting their counsel the
Continued <?>? h??j I i>ng>
Move to Lift
Suspensions
Is Throttled
Minority Leader Killed
Out of Order on Resolu?
tion for Reinstatement;
Reconsideration Ik Lost
Donohue Would
Correct "Mistake*
Five New Members Named
on Judiciary Commit?
tee ; Trial To-morrow
Staff Correepondene*
ALBANY, Jan. IL'.?Efforts to
1 reseat the five ousted Socialist,
pending trial on the charge, pre?
ferred by Speaker Thaddeus C
] Sweet and Majority Leader Simon
L. Adler were defeated t_o~night by
' h vote of 71 to 83. Forty-one Re
publicans and Democrats, many of
them in. the chamber, did not vote
Ten New York City Republicans and
twenty-three Democrats voted it
favor of a resolution to reconsidei
the suspensions.
Several Assemblymen had r?solu
tions ready calling for the relatif. -
of the Socialists. Charles D. Dono
! hue. minority leader, was first rec
; ognized. His resolution provided for
?the reseating of Assembly*.? : ( la .
sens, Orr, Dewitt, Solomon and
,'"Waldman pending trial.
Ruled Out of Order
"It is out of order," said Speakei
Sweet. "However, I >litili consider _
motion to reconsider -he vote bj
which the resolution suspending- rh?
Socialists was adopted."
The minority leader so moved, sa;
ring, '"The suspension of the ihv So
cialists has occasioned a great de_
of criticism, not only in my city and
. state, but throughout the nation.
"The general impression in state ant
country is that the Socialist? were con
victed by thin body before they had ?:
opportunity to be heard. These met
??ere duly elected to this body, and thr
five Assembly districts which eleete?
them aie now without representative
here.
"This situation should be remedie?
at once. The men should be reseatc*
pending trial. Thij should be done i'
the interests of justice and in the in
tere?.ts of the government o? fho l'ait?.
States.
"Let us be big enough to adirvit tha
we were unduly hasty in unseating th
accredited representatives of five ipn
stituencies in this Btate und let? u
undo that hastv ait. and then,-if eft?.
a fair trial they are proved guilty o
acts which make them unit to sit i
.this body, they ??.: be unseated an
every one will he satisfied.
"I hold no brief fi.r the Socialists,
condemn their principles and their ir
sidious propaganda and dar?|?f:r_iu_! do(
, nines. The situation created by th
Socialists requires heroic tre atmen
; but it also -?quires fair treatment
Call?. It a Mistake
"I confess to you, Mr. Speaker, thi
a mistake hus been made ar.d evei
member here ought to be bfg t ..<.< _gk t
admit it and vote *o reseat them."
After this motion was iost *_esembl'
. man Joseph Steinberg, I.? publican, i
New York, moved that the Judicial
Committee, before which the Socialis
?ill be tried on Wednesday, be direc
? ed to determine what member of tl
house, besides the Speaker and the m
jority leader, knew in advaneV ?rf t?
: plans to oust the Socialists. This m
) tion was defeated by . 0 to 7
Assemblymen Peter i. llatmli ai
i Joseph V. McKee, Democrats, *>f X?
?York, presented resolution? - t?> ta
i away the rieht to try the fh'e Socii
? ists from rhe Judiciary Committee _i
i vest it in the entire Assembly. Irtti)
; as a committee of the wh-..le.
j Speaker Sweet ruled that both m
tions were out of order. ?.vi:ereup.
! McKee and Hamill served notice tl
they would present I ??? r<?-o lut-i on *
j morrow. Th's wii) bring up the entl
qiH-stion again.
When it seemed thnt the _ubj?c!
! been closed for the night. Assembl
j mar. William T. Simps?.;:, of Brooklj
' rose to a <?ue_:ior. of personal pri'
i lege.
"Last Wednesday," said Simp_<
? the Speakei ruled that the (question
i suspending the five Social ?? \
semfolymen was not debatable. Ti.?
-vai nothing for ?ne to do but to ft
yes or no. "vt the '?me. wj_??? _. poi
of order was raised, when ?.?.e of !
Socialists tried t? "peak, yon 'ul
.that the question was :?.>" dFebatabh
"?To-night wnen tne question ?>? i
seating the Socialiste was brought 1
".re us. you ruled again that it wat r
debatable. The'-, has be<. isi
Adler Voice* I'rot?>?t
M a jority Leader Adler, who prerei
ed discusajon of the matter -ur.'.r
?.he evening, rose .?? protest pnce mo
"1 do not think it a go.<d ??::.?
open up the whole subject of inM vr.
ter to-night. Of course, if no one e
?round the circle objects I shall oot.'
There was no object o_ snd Major
Leader Adler continued:
"But 1 shall be const >ained .. obj
if every Assemblyman about the ci.r.
bar circle who happens to want
change his vote want?, to explain no
"_? object ! "' shouted Louis Cuvill
Democrat, of New York. ;< ?nan fi
overseas.
Simpson, also a veteran of the Wt
War, began t?. 'nee':, .vhcfl A ???j."
j man Martin Mii ue, Democrat, *t ?

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