ADVERTISED lN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXIX No. 2<>,7-IO
First to Last?t'he Truth: Ne
Non A?rk Triliunc Ino.l
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1920?SEVEJN
Adv e ri ise ments
F"afr.*nd not so coI<i to-day; to-morrow
partly cloudy iind warmer: urob
ably snow, modcrate * rda
J-'nH Keptnt on Lan< l1,;
AND SPORTS ***. FlVi; cJENTS ^'^TKRN 5LISE5
Of Sinn Fein
Seven of Newly Elected
Dublin Council Seized
as the Military Makes
Sudden Secret Arrests
Forty iii Mutister
Detained bv Police
Muiiicipal Officials INow
Disclaim Knowledge of
Republic Flag Raisings
DUBLIN, Jan. 31.?Many Sinn
Fein leaders were arrested in the
eourse of a big round-up at 4 o'clock
this morning. They were taken in
lorries to the barracks and more
than twenty men later were placed
in Mountjoy prison. Seven of the
newly elected members of the Mu
nicipal Council were among those ar
rested. The military alone carried
out the rai.i.
Amor.fr the members of the Mu
nicipal Council arrested were Law
lesa and Brennan. Michael Collins,
for whom the police have been
searching for some time, also was
taken into custody. The house of
Mderman McGarry was searched
. ng his absence and his brother
n-law, named Henderson, arrested.
Commons McihImt Ttiken
Joseph McGrath, Sinn Fein niem
of the House of Commons for
th( St. James Division of Dublin,
also was arrested. The wife of one
the men arrested was informed
hal the warrant for .the arrest
would be read when the prisoncr was
?i to the barracks.
arrests caused great excitement
n the city. Extra edifions of the even
newspapers were read by the popu
.?iue. ruk''-:' for details of the arrests
At military headquarters ail informa
? on was refused.
About forty Sinn Feiners were de?
tained to-day by the police and mlli
ary in various districts of Munster.
Flags Not Authorized
The corporation otficiala say that the
flags which were ftown from the City
Hal yesterday when the new Municipal
Council mel were hoisted without
'The feature of th< council meeting
i . mpli te domination of the
idj I?;. the Republicans, the tempei
? - participants buing manifested
by angrj protests at the town clerk's
ation of Mrs. Wyse Power,
.-. as elected to the Municipal Coun
> i, becau e insisted on signing the
Gai lic. About half the members
cil answei*ed the roll call in
A motion by the Irish transporl
r, O'Brien, to remove the sword
? ? on the ground that they were
implements ol feudal authority, relics
oi barbarism and perpetual symbols ol
? tde, raised an awkward question
because acceptance of the motion would
i ean repudiation of the traditiona
authority of the council, which restt
British charters ;;ntl British acts
of Pai liament,
Cosgrove Saves Situation
situation was aaved by Alderman
V\ I um V. Cosgrove, :i Sinn Fein mem
ber of the House of Commons, upon
? i' es.rcsolution was with
lt will be raised again, and the
question whether the council means to
continue municipal work or use the
n ults of the elqctions solely for polit
act h - will be determined. The
Sinn Feiners an said to be divided on
point. I in in poi it ical circlcs it
' xpi eti d ? hal the council will set
tle down to business and obey such
h regulations as are inevitable.
I he new Lord Mayor, Tom Kelly.
vho is in Wormwood Scrubbs prison,
? ot be compelled to take any oath,
I is one of thi humors of the situ
n thal under the charter of Charles
1 h ? beeomes nominally a captain in the
'' ? ?'?.. army. Alderman Cosgrove will
probablv b ? i ppointed to till the Lord
Mayoralty as Kelly's deputy while he is
rhe refusal of the council to appoint
fi sheriff because this would necessi
'? swearing allegianco to the King
' immati rial, as the eotiperation of the
nol e scnt ial to the appoint
? i '' a sheriff.
THURLES, Ireland, Jan. 31.?Prioi
tp n meeting of the Urban Council yes
'? i day the p dice arrested two of its
prominent members, a: well as a mar
who I ad I-' -i nn uns uccessful candi
,li<!r" for II ? ouncil . nd the local or
of the transport workers
Search '?"? another I'rban counciloi
uled. One of the councilors ari-.osted
fterward was Kppolnted chairman ol
the board l>y the council.
L.ONDON, Jau. 31. Advices from Ire
and to daj how that the constabulary
and the military detained twonty-five
naen under charges ol violation Vf the
defense of the realni act in Counties
L-imei ??'., ( lare and Pipperarj this
Policeman Guilty of Theft
Convicted ol Stealing From
Craps Game in Stable
I-'erdinand Martens, a patrolmun, it
tached to the East 104th Street police
station, was found guilty of petty
larceny yesterday by a jury before
Judge Mclntyre in General Sessions.
He was remanded for sentence Feb
Martens, who was suspended from
the force when charges were pre
rerred against him, was accused ot
stealing $250 from a craps krame in a
stable at First Avenue and Ninety
? lghtn street, on October 18. 1918. The
complatnant was Isadore Cohen, a coal
and icu dealer, of 102 Kast 121st
Street. Martena was alleged to ha-e
taken $260 from a roll belonging u
Cohen identiflod Martens subse
QUi ntly at the Kast 104th Street sta
I.ewis A. Abrams, Assistant Dis
ficl Attorney, prosecuted Martens.
? ; ' c Be, wh ch I . been nendin? fc
?' ' : ???> '? yenv, ? -. ? <? ,.
' !' ? ?? ' ? w n 11 .
' -tl>'' .??;.:<!?? piotobtvd leceatly and
f.'owrea t,o irial.
Rutis Away to Wod
>/r.<?. Cartcr It. Leidy
She was Miss Fifi Widenor, daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E.
Widener, of Philadelphia and
Elkins Park. Her family is one
of the richest in Pennsylvania.
Miss Fifi Widener
Elopes and Weds
! Daughtrr of Millionaire
Marries Youth Burred
Frorn Coming-Out Dance
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 31.?Miss Fifl
? Widener, the seventeen-year-old daugh
: ter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Widener.
i of Lynnewood Ila.ll. Elkins Park, was
! married to-day in Knoxville, Tenn., to
Carter R. Leidy, young son of Dr. and
| Mrs. Joseph Leidy, of 1319 Locust
Street, this city.
This announcement eamo from Mrs
Widener this afternoon after she had
received word from Knoxville that the
youthful couple, who had left this city
early Friday morning, had bcen mar?
ried in the Southern city.
The parents of the bride have been
' trying to keep the boy and ^irl apart.
I Last summer Miss Widener was taken
'. to the Berkshires and there seques
tered, surrounded by detectives. It is
| said she promised to see no more of
young LeitTy and on that promise she
was brought home and introduced to so
. ciety. When the coming out ball was
? announced and sho was refused permis
' sion to invite Leidy they decided upon
a runaway marnage.
The ball plunned as one of the social
events of the season was to have been
held on Friday night at the Widener
home. To the surprise of society an?
nouncement was mad? Friday morning
that the event had been canceled.
Friends of .Miss Widenerthen learned
the reason for the recall of the invita
tions was due to the hurried departure
of the daughter with Mr. Leidy.
The bride is a great favorite in so?
ciety. She was introduced by Mrs.
Widener this winter at a tea at Lynne?
wood Ilall that was one of the most
magnificent affairs in years, She was
u leading ligure in the bal masque and
other functions. Her father is reported
to be one of the wealthiest men in Penn?
Mr. Leidy is twenty-two years old,
and last year attended St. Paul's School
Concord, N. H. IIis father, Dr. Leidy.
j served during the war as a major in the
| Ghemical VVarfare Service.
Rupprecht in List
Of War Criminals
Berlin Govemment to He
sign if Delivery of the
Guilty Is Imisted On
RARIS. Jan. 31. Included in the
( list of Germans whose surrender by
I the Berlin government will he de
manded by the Allies, the "Echo de
| Paris" says, will be former Crown
Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, Field
| Marshal Duke Albrecht of Wiirtem
' berg, Field Marshal von Kluck, Field
Marshal von Bulow, Field '.Marshal
Mackensen, Baron von der Lancken,
'former Civil Governor of Brussels;
, Admiral von Canellc, former Minister
. of Marine, and Field Marshal Limnn
von Sanders, who commanded the
Turkish armies during the war.
BASEL, Jan. 31. -Because of the al
leged impossibility of inauring the
execution of its orders for the surren?
der of Germans acCused of violation of
th< laws of war by the Allies, the C)er
man government will resign . if the
: Kntonte powers insist upon their de?
livery, according to the ''Nachrichten,"
of this city, whieh says it has received
ita information from a reliablc sourcc,
Mrs. Leeds \\ vd to Princt'
In 15-Minute CtTcmony
IVw Pre&eot at Hasty Niiptsah
of Former <iroek Kiiiii's
Brotlier at Geneva
GENKVA, Jan. 31. Prince Christo
pher, of Greece, and Mrs. William 1!
Leeds wcre married at 11 o'clock this
morning in the ancient town hall here,
j The ceremony was a civil one, to b"
followed by the religious cerenionv tc
; bc conducted at Vevey, near Montreux.
j to-morrow, according to the rites ci
i tho Grcek Church.
The witneas for the bride was A. W.
S. Piccard, a lawycr of New Orleans
'? Captain Stocker, aid to the Prince
acted in the same capacity for
the bridegroom. American Consul
Dick atid The Associated Press corre
spondenl were the only onlookers. Mrs,
Leeds wore a dark tailor-mude suit,
? black furs and a toque.
The party took lunch here and de
parted this afternoon for Montreux.
! The ceremony at Vevey to-morrow will
; take place in the Russian Church,
t Among the guests for the church
. wedding will be the Duke of Sp&Tta,
the former Greek Crown Prince, rep
resenting ex-Kin_ Constantine.
'Hie ceremony to-day lasted barely
;??..-? luinul T! part; dr< ?
iti ? our niotor car -. rrivit th
??.:i hall exaetly at U o'clock an-J
iai'l ther? at Jli.Ib.
Below-Zero Weather Hits
New York After 2 Years
Relief Promised To-night and To-morrow; Temper
ature of Minus 2 Is Lowest Recorded
Here Since Jannary, 1918
Below-zero weather, the first of the j
winter, settled on New York City last j
night. At. 7 o'clock it was 2 degrecs I
below zero. The mercury stood at that
point when the Weather Bureau closed
for tho night, at 10 p. m. Warmer
weather is predicted for to-morrow.
llourly temperatures yesterday were:
1 b. m. 24 11
2 a. m. :.'i>'N
?I a. m. 16
t a. m. iii
f) a. m. 121
t> a. m. !)]
7 a. m. T;
8 a. m. :;'
9 a. m. 4
10 n. ni. 4
Yesterday was the coldest day on
record since January 9, 1918. when the
thermometer registered 7 below zero.
Zero Reached in December
Before the arrival of yesterday's cold
snap the coldest weather of the pres
ent winter was recorded on December
18 of last yenr. The mercury on that
day fell to tho zero mark. The most
severe weather experienced during the
winter of 1918-19 was felt January 10,
1919, the thermometer registering 9
The sudden drop of the mercury yes?
terday was caused by a cold wave
sweeping through the New England
states and across New York State from
the Hudson Bay region, according to
the statement of the Weather Bureau.
Practically all of New York State is in
the grip of the severe cold spell.
The weather forecaster said last night
that while the weather was the sharp
est of the winter the cold snap will
be of short duration. The temperature
is cxpected to rise steadily to-day, and
Lift U. S. Ban
On <War Baby'
Release of Britisli Girl Avia
tor Wronged <iives an
Opporlunity for Her Mar
vhv*e lo His Brother
There will he n stranga reunion on
Ellis Island to-morrow when Bcnjamin
Kirschstein, n lawyer, deposits a bond
of 81,000 with the immigration authori
ties and obtains the release from de
tention-of an English girl, Miss Emily
Knowles, and her three months' old
The father of this chi'ld is Perley
Spiker, a Baltimore steel man, who was
in England as a lieutonant of an Ameri
can aviation squadron when the armi
stiee was signed. Mr. Spiker and his
wife, Cora, will go to Ellis Island to
morrow to welcome to the United
States the little blond mother and her
nameless baby. Guy Spiker, a bach
elor brother of the former aviator,
will accompany them and his introduc
tion to the twenty-two-year-old Eng?
lish girl will be accompanied by an
offer of marriage intended to give his
tiny nephew the name to which he is
entitled by every riglu but law.
It was Mrs. Spiker who sent the
forlorn Miss Knowles passage money
to the United States after her husband
had confessed that several ?months ago
his orders to embark from England
for demobilization in the United States
bad come at a tinie when he was lilled
with remorse because of his responsi
bility for the desperate situation of an
innocent and reputable girl of Man
Story Told in Affidavit
Again it was Mrs. Spiker who en
couraged her husband to set forth
baldly in an affidavit the story of his
overseas philandering, of his lirm
purpose to right wrong, by providing
for the mother and ehild, and then
sign his name on the dotted line indi
oated by an inspector of the immigra?
tion station at Ellis Island.
But that was January 15, when Miss
Knowles and her infant landed from
the Eapland and were detained as
aliens likely to becomc public charges. i
\ speeial board of inquiry on Ellis
Island listened to Miss Knowles".-. story
of her romance with the American fly
ing officer. This board considered affi
davits made by both Mr. and Mrs.
Spiker, in which they pledge themselves
to eare i'or the ?tr! and her baby. They
also read an affidavit in which the un
married brother. Guy Spiker, expresses
his willingness to marry tho girl. They
concluded that the mother and baby
should he barred from the country, but
the Spikers appealed to Washington,
and the afftdavits were forwarded for
corrsideration by officials there.
Husband's Morals Defended
In Mrs. Spiker's affidavit she stated:
*J am the wife of Perley K. Spiker.
I reside with him in East Baltimore
Street, City of Baltimore. I have been
thoroughly informed of all the condi
tions of niy husband's friendship with
Miss Knowles while he was in an avia?
tion training camp in England in 1918.
I know the moral character uml ten
dencies of niy husband and I know
them to !>e beypnd reproach.
"My husband a:'"i Miss Knowles
formed a friendship which ripened
into something more than friendship.
Miss Knowles is not immorai under
the rules laid down in the immigra?
tion laws. She is a lovable, gentle, re
lined girl. I would welcome her in my
hoine, It would never disturb the hap
.-. ii s of my husband and niyself if
Miss Knowles should come to res'ni yj
our honu. On tho contrary, I would Bifc.;.
giad to see her become the wife of rnx
husband's brother, who now makes his
home with u?,"
Perley Spiker, in his affidavit, aajoj
he is earning $100 a week and wants to
adopt the ehild. He tells in dt?tail of
his affair with Miss Knowles.
Offer of Marriage Fil-d
The brother, Guy Spiker, says in his
"I am perfectly willing to marry her
?Miss Knowles) and be her faithful
('ontinued on ncxt pa;ie
will become gradually warmer to-night
Blustery winds added to tho discom
forts of pedestrians yesterday.
Suffering wu? greater yesterday in
upstate towns that in New York. At
Watertown the mercury registered 25
degrees below zero; at Ltica, from 1*
to 22 degrees below; at Hornell, 17
below; at Syracuse, 19 below; at
Poughkeepsie, 20 below; at Rome, 26
below, and at Auburn, 19 below, where
one man was frozen to deatli.
BOSTON, Jan. 31.- This city experi
enced the sharpest weather of the win
ter to-day, witb the mercury nt eiglil
below and a northeast wind blowing
There was only a slight rise during
the morning, the temperature remain
ing several degrees below zero at noon.
This was in contrast with a maximum
of 12 yesterday.
Greenville, Me., with 2,8 below, and
Northiield, Vt., with 24 below, were the
lowest. oflicial readings in northern
Foiiy-six Below in Ontario
'tOROXTO, Jan. 31.?Ontario and
Quebec were reported to-day in the
grip of the coldest apell of the winter,
with drops in the temperature from
yesterday rccorded at from fifty to
nearly eighty degrees. At White
River, Ont., the thermometer showed
forty-six below zero, the lowest re?
ported in the two .orovinces.
At Montreal it was twenty-three be?
low last night and only three degrees
higher at 9 o'clock this morning.
I PORTLAN'D, Me.. Jan. 31. -Many har
I bors and islands along the Maine coast,
i particularly in the vicinity of Penob
scot Bay, are ic-e-bound in consequence
[ of the long succession of cold waves.
January, which closes with the coldest
day of the winter, has a deficiency in
temperature of considerably more than
200 degrees, according to Weather Bu
To Clianges in
j Forum Practice
Speakers Before Simday
Meetiiigs in Church of
Aseension First Will Be
Approve'd by the Bishop
Dr. Percy Stickney -Grant and the
vestry of the Church of the Aseension
agreed yesterday to discontinue the
practices which caused Bishop Charles
Sumner Burch to protest against the
Sunday night forums held in the
church. The Bishop's objectiona having
been met, the forums will continue to he
held in the church until a parish house
large enough to accommodate them can
be built or acquired.
Under the plan sanctioned by the
Bishop it will be impossible in the
future for any one suspected of dis
loyalty or "Red" tendeneies to address
the forum. The names pf ;ill speakers
are to be submitted in advance to the
Bishop, and he will have the option of
i licensing or forbidding each weekly
The custom otf-'short talka of per
sona in the congregation after t.he
chief speaker has concluded is :io
, lor.ger to be permitted. Written
[?questions propounded will not be
. answered bj the speaker if the chair
i man deems them improper. As soon
, as a suitable parish house is avail
able the practice of holding t.he
: forums in the church edifice is to be
Battle Explains Decision <
At to-night:s forum the speaker will
be Sidney A. Reeve. a wrfter on po
litical economy. Bishop Burch in
nounced last night he had licensed the
holding of this evening's forum and
made public a lettcr from Gcorge
Gordon Battle, junior warden of the
parish, which informed the Bishop of
the action of Dr, Grant and the vestry
in acceding to his desircs. Mr.
Battle's letter follows:
"An adjourned meeting of the rec
tor, wardens and vestrymen of the
Church of the Aseension was held this
morning at the rectory, 7 West Tenth
Street. The rector was present, one
warden was present -the other being
detained by illness and there was a
majority of the membera of the vestrv
also present. The eommittee, cotisist
itig of James W. Cunningham, liarold
A, Content and myself, presented to
the meeting a report of the conference
held l>y ua with you yesterday morn?
ing at your oftice, We stated that we
had made to you the following sug
gestion, to wit:
" "That in the body of the chun h on
Sunday ovenings a religious service be
held, such scrv ice to be of the arm
character aa is now held bi fore the
address; that after the religious serv?
ice an address be delivered; and that
after the address written questiona be
handed up, it being understood that
any question considered improper by
the chairman ahall not be read or an?
swered by the speaker; that there -.a.1
??t be the short sj. In - heretofore
had after the main address, and that
there be no meeting held afterward
in the parish house.'
"We have further suggested to you
that the speakers shall bc s< b cted in
advance by Dr. Grant an 1 a eommittee
of the vestry, that the natr.es of the
speakers shall be submitted to you and
approved by you in advance of the
meeting, and that you shall be request
ed to license each meeting as a special
meeting, and that this procedure shall
continue unti] an adequate pansh house
can be built or acquired, with the un
derstanding that at that time all of tho
exercises of the public forum shall be
transferred to such parish house,
Unanimously Appro> ed
| "We reported to the vestry that we
understood from our conference with
you that you would give consideration
i to this suggestion, if it was approved
by the rector, wardens and vestrymen,
and that we had reason to believe that
your consideration would be favorable.
The rector stated that he would aceede
to the suggestion, and a resolution was
Continued <<v >if.rt paye
This wond< rlul Heali h ? : - j. p.
? ? mlu ; to Amwk'i -. .
Spi udi: Sa - uiui . ? minera
I ' ? '? . ? ?'..?:,,:?
i<i Wpmi tjinwt, ^.w Vwrk.?Au\_
New Cases Total 4,895,
Decline of 637; Deaths
Gaiii Slightly; Marked
Decrease in Pneumonia
Ileating in Homes
Walk-Out of Engineers
Must Be Averted, Cope
land Tells Botli Sides
A falling off of 637 in the number
of new cases of influenza for the chart
day ended at 10 o'clock yesterday morn
ing and reports which reached the
Ilealth Department up to last night,
auguring a further decrease for to-day,
indicatc a decline in the epidemic.
Whether this is permanent, Health
Commissioner Copeland is not prepared
to say. There were four more deaths
yesterday than the day before. The
new cases yesterday totaled 4,895, the
deaths were 123.
Figures furnished yesterday by tho
Ilealth Department for the twenty
four-hour period are as followa:
Bm-ough. Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.
Mimhattan . 2,417 Rl 461 71
Bronx . 700 19 64 13
Brooklyn . 1,324 30 257 40
Queens . 261 !) 21 10
Kichmond . 103 1 8 3
Totals . 4,895 123 811 137
totals . 5,532 119 S." 1 143
Increases . ?- 4 ? ~
Decreases . 6.?>7 ? 40 6
ported .30,001 515 6,031 1,696
Grand total sinoe
January 1 ....34,896 668 6,842 1,833
1918 epidemic. 4,596 215 615 194
Less Fatal Than 1918 Epidemic
Figures for the month ot' January,
compared with the figures of the 1918
epidemic, indicates that the diseasc is
more widespread at present, but not so
fatal, thus bearing out the prediction
made by Dr. Copeland shortly after the
present visitation assumed large pro
Tho total number ot deaths for the
month just ended is 2,501, as against
2,870 for a like period in 1918, with
the figures for the first week of that
epidemic missing. According co the
data the deaths due to pneumonia show
little variancc, but the cases recorded
this year are aboul twice the number
reported in 1918. Influenza figures
show the same tendency. There were
1,1(57 deaths from that disease in the
1918 epidemic out of 29,698 cases,
against 608 deaths out of 34,896 cases
The rate crf increase of influenza cases
for the last week is very great, but,
with a falling oiT in the new cases re?
ported yesterday and a slmilar de?
crease looked for to-day, the Ilealth De?
partment is not alarmed. A total of
28,952 new cases were reported for the
week ended yesterday, 85 per cent of
the total number of cases existing, and
showing a more lapid spread of tho
epidemic than in the corresponding
period in 1918.
Slrike Threat in Ileating Plants
The possibility of a strike by engi?
neers, oilers and lircmen who opcrate
the heating plants of hotels and apart
ment houses has alarmed Ilealth Com?
missioner Copeland, and he has de
manded ihat the three groups in the
dispute come to an agreement within
the next forty-eight hours and avert the
strike, scheduled r'or 8 o'clock to-mor?
"In this time of epidemic," said Dr,
Copeland yesterday, "no greater dis
aster eould befall the community than
to have the heat shut otf, exposing
millions of our population to intense
suffering from the cold, and to the
ravages of influenza that would cer
tainly follow. This disaster must not
be permitted. In the name of human
ity, it must be averted."
Dr. ( opcland believes the request of
tho men for more waees and bett.'f
working conditions is rcasonable, but
he wants them to postpone their de
mand to have their union recognizod
until all dancer of the epidemic is pa-i.
He will adciress a meeting of the
unions invoived at the Central Labor
Templc, Third Avenue and Sixty
seventh Street, this afternoon anrLurge
upon them the necessity of remaining
at their posts until the crisis is over.
Represcntatives of hoth factions
conferred with tli Ilealth Commis?
sioner yesterday. but no agreement
was reached. Most of the employers
are in favor of granting the wage and
hour demands, il is understood, but
there is stiff opposition t>> the recogni
tion of the union. Timothy Healy,
presi '? ?'.' of the Internati mal Brother
: oo I of Stationary Firemen and Oilers;
-. Raueher, Thomas Bagley and John
.1. McDonald, representing the three
local unions invoived, and William T.
Ropes, spokesman for real estate in
terests, were arnoii" those who met the
Commissioner. I*''. Copeland is hope
ful *hat : ::?? men will re -pond to his
anpeal t<j defer their strike. He ad
mitted the situat on is acute.
Dr. Copeland announced that the
Health Department had completed a
survey of 'he !">; motion picture the
aters in the city .??.:.-.1 that the in-[>>-,
tion showed that some proprietors are
? ? .> ii ;.: ' he in st ruct ions recently
issued. In 116 theaters the ventilating
fans were not operating, defective
Coniinued on page four
Carranza Holds U. S. Flyers
For Alighting in Mexico;
Trial at Monterey Ordered
Hines Says That Deficit!
After Two Years* Fed
eral Operation of Rails
New Yorfc Tribunn
WASHINGTON. Jan. 31.- More than
$111,500,000 was lost by the railroad
administration during November and
December on account of the strike of
the soft coal minera.
This fact was set forth to-night in
a statement issued by Walker D. Hines,
Director General of Railroads, in which
he shows that the total deficit to the
taxpayers to date, after two years of
Federal operation of the railroada of
the country, is $594,200,000.
Incidentally, although the director
general made no mention of it. olficial
tigures reveai that two years of Fed?
eral control of Pullman lines, water
ways and express companies added
another $100,000,000 to the deficit, mak
ing a total loss of nearly $700,000,000.
In regard to the railway loss, Di?
rector General Hines maintained that
it the increasc of rates which became
effective in June, 1918, had become
effective January 1, 1918, and there
had been no coal strike, government
operation would have shown a profit of
approximately $7,500,000 instead of a
deficit. His statement follows:
"As has been heretofore explained,
the destructive effecl of the coal strike
was particularly severe upon railroad
operations in November and had even
greater accumulative effect in Decem?
ber, in which month the dislocation of
transportation became exceedin lv
serious. There had to he a drastic
temporary curtailment of passengi r
service and every element of operation
and traffic mcvement was made more
difficult and less profitable. The result
is that these two months, which should
have shown little, if any, loss in the
absencc of this adverse influence,
showed a total loss of $111,500,000, af?
ter allowing for two-twelfths of the
annual rentaJ, or a total of $117,200,
000 after allowing the proportion of
the annual rerital corresponding to the
proportion of the annual net operating
income which was earned in these two
months of the test period. The details
for November have heretofore been
given and a preliminary statement for
December is shown below.
Loss i'laced at $594,200,000
"As December completed the second
year of Federal operation, it is desir
able to call attentionNto the fact that
during the two years of Federal oper?
ation, ineluding, of course, the two coal
strike months of November and De?
cember, 1919, the loss, after allowing
tor two years' rental, was $594,200,000.
If the increase in rates which became.
etfective in June. 1918, had btcome ef?
fective on January 1, 1918, the ei.iire
loss for the two years. after peying
the rental, would have been $104,000,
000, which is more than accounted for
by the loss in the two coa! strike
months of November and December.
"It is only fair to say that the in
creased rates were in effect all of the
year 1919, and that if the vc.ir 1919 be
considered by itself there appears a
loss of about $349,200,000. Of this loss
$228,700,000 occurred in the first six
months of 191".) and was very iargely
accounted for by the abnormal and pro
longed slump in freight business fol
iowing the armistice, and practically
ail of the remainder of the loss except
$3,000,000 is accounted for in the two
coal strike months of November and
Adjustment Made for Back Pay
"The preliminary report of the oper?
ating results for practically ail of the
class 1 railroads and large terminal
companies in Federal operation indi
cates that the net operating income of
tne month of December. 1919, from the
operation of these properties will be
about $12,700,000. This renresents a
loss of $62,300,000 to the government,
after allowing for one-twelfth of thi
annual rental ol $900,000,000, or a loss
of $59,800,000 when comparison is made
with the income earned in the avei ige
December of the test pi riod."
In stating the renults of Federal
operation in 1919 and 1918 Mr. Hines
said adjustment was made for ba.ck
pay included in the operating expenses
for 1919, which was applicable to 1918,
and adjustment was also m t le f >r back
pay in the four month j . rttb ! ? ictober
31, 1919, applicable to tne .->.. n
ended June 30, 1919.
"The operations for October," h?
said, "have also been credited v
$6,000,00. accounl i f per diem
charges between Federally operated
lines includi d in the eqiripment rent
'or the month. which represents a mere
bookkeeping entr; . and 1 i ? operat io ..-?.
for i 918 ha\ e bi en entr- d witl liki
araount to offsi I a corresponding book?
keeping . rttry in July, 1919, when per
? iieni chi rge ? were d seontinued be
' .veen :;; i> derall; opei ated lines."
'' l . ..i i v
:..!?:. Ulifters I hoWt'Vel
r.-ach ?? .? vake p ,? readers
? ? Mulck to '??? -? . ,
uitivs .>? . : ?- kind I :?? ? (j ? ha - are
' 1' ' ? '"??'? ' ' <,,.o<l
MortunK (.irl >f ?[?< .? ;. . ?,.- >, .,. ;, | . ,,..
1.i.m ? . tnd li her insert : .- , : .
?:.??..?? in to-morron . i, . ?? ?
A Survey of 1,000 Planks
A record of the average voter's view of
the campaign issues is being vvritten in The
Tribune's Republican Platform Contest.
An analysis of the 1,000 planks submitted
during the first week of the contest, the day's
prize letter and some of the suggestions for a
platform will bc found in to-day's Tribune.
On ,Page 12, Part 2.
Turk Attack on
Greeks I orecast
LONDON, Jan. 31. ? The
Turkish Minister of War, ac
cording to reports from Con
stantinople, has ^rdered the
printing secretly, as quickly as
possible, of 10.000 copies of a
proclamation for general raobili
zation of the Turkish forces, says
a dispatch to the Exchange Te!e
^?raph Company from Athens,
dated January 29.
The report says the order shows
that the War Minister eontem
| plates mobilization in Anatolia,
pi;eparatory to an attaek on the
Greek and other Allied troops
May Be Forced
j Farty Leaders Rehietant
to Permit Democrats
to Seize Confrol of the
Sitsiation on February 10
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, Jan. :;i.?Republi
cans of the Senate may not wait for
their Democratic cclieap:ues to make
the formal motion to bring the peace
treaty before the Senate for debate on
February 10, and already are thinking
over the idea of starting the treaty dis
cussion again next week. No plan has
been adopted to forestall the Demo
crats, but there are many influential
Republicans who do not care to see the
majority party in the Senate step aside
an.d permit the minority to tako control
of the situatioA in this fashion.
Formal notice was iriven the Senate
to-day by Senator Walsh, of Montana,
that a motion will be made on February
10 to bring the treaty up. There was
no debate pver the announeement, and
in view of the break-up yesterday of
the bipartisan conferences on compro
mise reservations, the announeement
caused no surprise.
Walsh Acts for Hitchcock
Senator Walsh saiil he made the
statement on behalf of Senator Hitch
cock, acting minority leader, who is out
The Republicans are under no obli^a
tion to wait until the Democrats wish
to make their motion. There has been
no agreement of any sort about when
the treaty should come up, and there
was a growing feeling of discor.tent on
the Republican side to-day at waiting
for the Democrats to act. Althouirh
the Republicans do not admit that
enough members of their party would
vote with the Democrats to ?ive them
a majority and bring the treaty out on
the (ioor, some of them evidently fear
such a result and prefer to have it
done with, the Republicans leading and
not failiiiK in behind the Democrats.
Republican leaders declined to con
tirm the report that si.-h a plan ;s in
contemplation, but it circulated about
the Senate with unusual speed and
many Senators will be surprised if it
does not develop in the open early next
Factions Kxpected to Agrec
The position of the "niild reserva
tionists" is still in doubt, but the view
was expressed to-day that these Sena
tors will not oppose the bringing of
the treaty to the floor before ! he date
set by the minority Senators. llke
wise, the "irreconcilables" are expect
ed to show no oooosition to thi idea
-01" having the treaty fight removed to
the floor. In fact, they are understnod
in be inclined to having the struggle
taken from the committ.ee and made
the regular order of business on the
floor, beTieving that rhis will result
in 'he ea rliest death for I he ;';?'.
Republican I.eader I.od^e will ? \ke
ad .rai tage of the nexl few daj - to
the Republican majority thoroug
ai-ri,! i! on the proposil on of n ?
the treaty fight to the Senate flooi,
and no delinile decision will u- madi
until thorough canvasses ha- - been
made of all the majority members
avoid conflict that might tend to re
tard the speedy disposal of the treaty
problem. It was reiterated to-day b\
the Republicans opposed to any change
in the Lodge reservations that they
held thirty-eight votes or. the. treaty,
and their full strength would be ex
erted to oppose any stepa that might
be taken to withdraw from any of the
reservations suggested by the majority
Seaman in a Barrel Rides
Out Gale in Bay of Biscay
Rescued \f!er Six Hours of
Buffeting hy Waves; Tho
i Mhers Drowned
I'i.VM'UTII. Bngland, Jan. 31. ,
After being tossed about for six hours
in a barrel durin-r a gale in the Baj
of Biscay Chief Officer Weldon of the
American steamer Bloomington wag
rescui d by his owa ship. His home is
in New Orleans.
The Bloomington, which arrived her*
with cargo from s>:'u\. Tunis, Bighted
the Spanish schooner Manuel Tampa
of Barcelona, which had been aban
doned in thi Bay of Biscay. Ther<
no trace of boats, so the Bloom?
ington took the schooner in tow, send
in^ the chief officei and four men
on board of her.
A gale developcd"; the mate wa<
obliged to cut the hawser and Bignalec
to the Bloomington to stand by until
daylight. When day broke oni> wreck
age was v:s:>.;e, but persistent search
resulted in the discovery of the matt
afioai in a barrel on the angry sea. Thi
others. uding two America ns, Lea
11 ... -- ho '???' t ' h.cf
se, and On ime M. Joh
son, weie drowned.
Aviators to Explain Wliy
They Crossed Line; Un
der Guard Commaaded
by a Carranza General
u. s. ConsiiTs rioii
Fails to Aid Men
Sudden Decree Cause^
Ckange of Procedure
I on Eve of RH'U
LAREDO, Tex., Jan. 31. I.
[ants E. !?'. Davis and G. E. <>l
American army aviators who w
forced to land uoar Guerrero it
j ico, last Wednesday when theit gt. -
|line supply became exhausted,
I night. are being taken under mi :
I escort to Monterey for examinatio .
by Mexican military authorities.
American Consul Randolph R<>b
ertson, stationed at Nuevo Laredo,
opposite here, sent word to this ef
fect to-day from Guerrero, whenco
: he had gone to aid in the return of
the aviators to American s< il. The
aviators are held "for investigation
as to their reasons for landing on
\ Mexican soil," the consul said.
Pul Under Military Guard
The two aviators, who i.ad been
staying at a Guerrero hotel under
| the surveillance of civil authorities,
in accordance with international
I practice, were ordered removed fron?
the jurisdiction of these officlals and
taken to Monterey for examination
by General Murguia, of the Car
| ranza army.
The civil authorities had been pre
pared to permit the aviators to re
turn to the United States to-day
iwhen the ncw order came from Gov
The aviators an due to r<
Nuevo Laredo during the ni '
i to-morrow will fcake a train for
Consul Robertson said he was
accompanying the aviators to Nuovo
Laredo. The party js : ravolinu
to-night. by automobile on the M.x.
| can side of the bordei*, undor escort
; of Carranza officcrs,
EL PASO, Jan. 31.?Accordin n -i
?>le::ico City dispatch to a Mexi ? .
guage newspaper in San Antoai
dent Carranza has announ t ?
will not transfer the government 6'
Mexico to the Presidential eandidat*
who is chosen at the electiohs n< ?.<
Alberto Ruiz Sandoval, acting consul
general ior Mexico h< re, said to-day
that, although he had rece ved no in
formation that Carranza had t'eus pro
claimed himself dictator, he regarded
such a step i,> "inconc dvab e
Protection for Candldate
(>ffi ial advice - i eci ed bj tl i corsnl
said that the Mexican Secretariat of
the Interior had issued guarantees
that the law would be complied with
in the protection of cand date for the
Sandoval announced thal foui Ameri?
can negro soldiers were being held at
Columbus, \. M.. pending an .nvestir'
gat on ol ' he of 1 idro Duran,
a Mexican cowboy, who died i a Co
lumbus hospital terd , Llowiag
.?io attack on m c i'.ilomas,
According to a dispatch rrora Chi
huahua City, Francisco Villa iias i -
at Satevo, gtat
of < hihuahua, and Federal troopg ha
been ordi r< d concentrat ed in <
. i i ? o ? pe witl ? ? ?
A i i . | ? ,i
thal Manuel i lez ??? I ?-.. il
? ngton, .'- ? re he will be I i St
*?'?'?? of t he M< ucan Emb
/Unerivan Officiids .\?
IIit by Carranza Or<1
Denial of Pmsports lo ?! ?
nesses at Senate ii>ftu'i
Not to Apply to Sli< n
BROWNSVILLE, 11 Si.
American offit li U
tl e r -. ? 0 cit>
that passports to Me II <>e de- .
niad person lered the Mex
can ir'i'. ernment" tifying befora
the United ?' ? ?- ? in
vestigat ing Mexi :an condil
Immigration Inspector Reynold?, in
charge of th ?? this
announcement to-daj iftei a eonfer
ence between America i lexhuut
officials al which he passport ord^r
was construed "as n >: affecting officials
who an omota
and maintain friendly relationj be
tweu 'e count ries.
It was stated yesterday that th*
here and hia chief dep ty had
been i ot ified tha I pi i its to
visit Matamoros, Mexi o, the : vn op?
posite here, had been revoked, and thic
led to the con
Heport Japanese Vluti
Mexican Colony Denied
Baron Otori, Said to Have Mmin
irrangement, Has \?t Heen
in Hexico for a /.on<s Tirtw
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Jan. !1 Baroa
. Otori, Japane ? " i to Mexico"
has made arrangei ' ? Mexi?
a?n Fed ra . witSf
- tn tV??
states o onora, ! . , i ..fornia,
>inal ta and < ?<-. | eo_*t,
according to a disjWch from il*xic?,
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