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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 02, 1920, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXIX No. 26,741
First to Last- the Truth: New* . Edttorials AdveTu*
rttmne
sements
WE ATft ER
t
Fair and warmer to-day; to-morrow
partly cloudy; gentle aouth
winda
Full report on last page
[Copyrlaht, 1020.
>?mv tt-rk Trihunp lnc.1
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1920
* * * * ?
T,rn rIrVTB 5 In f'Tra^r S'~" V?rk ------
i"u *oj*??*b /ullhiti r-imniutin*- rti-ttancf
THRKK CKKTfl
Elae where
Heat'Strike
Put Off; Flu
Again Drops
Engineers Defer Walk
Out Till Wednesday on
Copeland's Promise of
an Advance in Wages
Jlurderous to Quit
Now, They Are Told
New Cases, 3.991; Pneu?
monia Also Recedes;
Deerease in Mortality
Heatless homes and apartments,
allies of the influenza epidemic, have
been averted, for two days at
least. Engincers, ftremen and other
workers who man the heating plants
in the apartment houses, hotols and
off.ee buildings will not strike before
Wednesday morning, if they walk
out even then. Two tbousand men
so voted yesterday afternoon at a
meeting held at the Central Opera
House, Sixty-seventh Street and
Third Avenue, after a stirring ap?
peal by Health Commissioner Cope
land. In the meantime Dr. Copeland
will act as mediator between the
unions involved and the associations
representing hotel men, real estate
owners and landlords.
There secme. to be little doubt that
the men who packed the auditorium
were at the meeting with but one pur
posi to vote to put into effect their
re.-. I ition adopted a week ago to po on
sti . it S o'clock this morning. Their
decision to accept Dr. Copeland as
rac tor and to defer their strike for
forty-eight hours w_ due to an appeal
made to them based on the influenza
epidemic and the advisability of giv?
ing thnr employers every possible op
portunity to grant their demands for
higln r wages and better working cpn
Copeland Announces Concessions
Commissioner Copeland was greeted
warmiy wheij he arose. He told the
gathering that he had seen a group
repi senting the employers in his oflice
in tiie morning, and that he was pre
;.: . to offer the minimum wage de
mai ds ;o the men, acting on the part
of the employers involved, and would
see to it t! at these increases were car
rifed ou!. He said he was speaking for
Frai k A. K. Boland, Mark A. Cadwell,
bi 6- the Hotel Men's Association;
William T. Ropes, of the Building Own
ers' and Building Managi rs' Associa
' i Will am De Bost, of tiie Chaniber
of Commerce, and Douglas M. Cruik
ik, representing real estate in
terests wnich control many of the
?:-r ? ' apartment h<i'.;M's ;n the city,;
the men w th whom he had conferred.
"1 summoned these men to my office
this '... irning, and I am justiiied 'in say
ing," Dr. Copeland added, "that the
wage demai 3 a minimum of i39 for!
watch engineers, $33 for liremen and
$30 for coal passers if they have not
already been put into execution, will be
given immediate effect. Erom the in?
formation 1 have obtained, as a re?
sult >'' the interviews with these men, I
learn that they I ave been on the job
? "t ' :.-.'?.. with a view to bringing
unprogressive members to the adop
tion ot" thi: scale."
Applaus ? gi cted this announcement,
and a> the Ili-a'.th Commissioner con?
tinued there were frequent comments
from the meeting, aU favorable.
"I cannot permit you to go on
strike," Dr. Copeland said. "It would
be the most wicked, murderous thing
possible. You must not do it. I beg
of you not to let the fires po out.
What you do after the epidemic is
over is only my concern as an indi?
vidual householder. But at this 1110
ment to ?0 on strike, when the weather
is very cold. is to aliy yourselves with
a disease which is responsiblc for 5U,
000 cases of illnes3 at the present. time
ar.d many hundreds of deaths. If an
agreement is made and the employers
do not live up to it I can conceive
that the fires may get so low that
the landlords will be haled into court
with me as their accuser, and if so, they
will regret they broKe their word to
? you.''
rimothy Healy, international presi?
dent ot' the Brotherhood of Stationary
Piremen and Oilers, urged the men to
accept the Health Commissioner as
ffliediator and counsoled delay in the
strike action for forty-eight hours.
"I want something in writing, how?
ever," Healy said. "I'm not going to
take any chances with these 'ducks'
any longer. They have delayed mat?
ters consistently, broker. their word
and their solemn promiscs to us. We
don't trust them."
Leaders Counscl Dclay
James 1\ Holland, president of the
State Federation of Labor and former?
ly a stationary engineer; Michael Mur
Pny, Thomas Bagley and William Ke
?o?', business agents of the local unions
involved and members of tho unions'
Jomt wage board, also favored dclay
until the influenza crisis is past and
jintil the employers have a last oppor
turuty to meet the demands. Joseph
Monterfering, chairman of the joint
Wage board, voiced the same sugges
t'ons, and said that a strike now would
illfi.ence public sentiment against the
nien and hamper their chances to have
tneir d.manda granted.
After Dr. Copeland had assented to
the plan to have him as arbitrator the
jOeeting decided to present to him
their demands in writing this morning.
la was also decided to have another
meeting at the same hall to-morrow
J.ht, at which time Dr. Copcland's
decision will be mado known, and if
the employers finally refuse to grant
the demands of the men they voted
that they will strike on Wednesday
*??rning at H o'clock.
After the meeting Dr. Copeland said
'?? was hopoful that tho dispute
would be adjudicated satisfactorily to
allconcerned. He snid he had 110 doubt
that he would be suitable to the cm
P-oyer group as an arbitrator.
According to Timothy Healy, the
hotel >?. which have not granted the
jBen's demands include some of the
'"gest in the city, the du Pont-Boomer
^?up, the Bowman hotels, the Plaza,
?J<*-Carlton, St. Regis, Vandfcrbilt and
Continued on page six
Kiel Leased as
Commercellarbor
LONDON, Feb. 1.?A Berlin
wireless message says that tho
government has leased the former
naval port of Kiel to tho town
authorities, who will make an
initial expenditure of 2,000,000
marka (nominally $500,000) for
the purpose of transforming it
into a commercial harbor.
New Feal for
Wireless Phone
Sender Talks to Chicago
By Means of Amateurs
Low - Wave L e n g t h s
Robert F. Gowen, engineer in charge
' of the Do Forest Radio Company sta- ;
I tion at Ossining, announced yesterday
that he had carricd on wireless telc- ;
'.. phone conversationa with Chicago. us- i
ing only a small aerial, a Iow-wave ;
'< length and a tliird of a kilowatt power. <
: He has been able to send his voice as
'? far as Chicago as well as io towns in
Indiana, Ohio and South Carolina, by
employing a new type of modulating
circuit and a new typo cf De Forest
i wireless tube or audion.
"lt is interesting to note." Mr. Gowen
| said, "that all my experiments have
; been carried on with comparatively low
wave length?that is to say, the spe?
cial amateur wave lengths permitted
j by the government regulations. In ad
. dition, the experiments show that the
distance between Ossining and Chicago
: is covered with only one-third of the
energy of which the De Forest oscil
, Hon is capable of developing.
"The experiments in question have
been conducted night after night since
January 1, and through the most severe
i static interference. Yet, in spite of all
; this, wl.en 1 picked up the telephone
transmitting apparatus at Ossining and
! spoke into it. just aa any one might
; speak into the ordinary telephone, I
discovered that my voice was being dis
tantly heard, first of all in the little
| town of St. Mary's, Ohio.
"ln the same way on other evenings,
I following this initial performanee, my
wireless telephone voice, it appeared,
thrown into the 'bottle' at Ossining.
was immediately picked up at Columbia
City, lnd., and aftei'ward by other ama?
teur stations at Salem, Ohio, Gaffrfet, S.
C, Wakefield, Mass.. and Chicago. In
| each case the local operator, as one of
them has written me, 'nearly tumblcd
out of his chair' when in his ordinary
local radio work, he suddenly heard a
voice from the wilderness of New
York."
Non-Residents Get Time
Extension for Taxes
Staie Gives Them Vniil Thirty
Days After Supreme Court
Passes on Income Law
ALBANY, Feb. 1.?-Tho time limit!
set for the iiling of returns under the
Xew York State personal income tax
law has been extended in the case of
non-residents and persons who have
rotained taxes from wages paid to
non-residents in their employ, Comp
troller Eugene M. Travis announced
to-night.
As originally fixed, the time would
expire on March 15, but as determina
tion of the constitutionalky of th*e
state income tax law as it affects noji
rosidents is pending in the United
States Supreme Court the Comptroller
ruled that the time he extended to a
date thirty days after adjournment of
| the present legislative session, or
j thirty days after the Supreme Court
had handed down its decision. In no
case, however, would the time be bc
yond September 15.
Attention was called by the Comp
'.. trollcr to the fact that non-residents,
or withholding agents, who take r.d
vantage of this ruling will be require.3
, to pay C> per cent interest from March
j 15, if the constitutivnality of the law
1 is upheld. He als<> rcferred to the
; right of non-residents to pay the in?
come tax, if they desired, before
March 15, and in the event the Su?
preme Court decides the state has no
power to" tax non-residents, the amount
paid in taxes will be refunded.
If the Supreme Court construes tho
New York law to be unconstitutional
because of discriminating features the
non-rcsident taxes will be refunded,
unless in the meantime the objection
able features shall be removed by
legislation.
F. D. Roosevelt Fonght
Wilson on Navy Plans
Preparedness Program Opposed
hy President, He Declares
in Brooklyn Speeeh
In telling an audience of 1,500 per
' sons some of the secrets of conditions
of the Ameriean Navy just before tho
start of the war with Germany, Frank?
lin D. Roosevelt. Assistant Secretary
of the Navy, at the Brooklyn Academy
of Music last night admitted that he
had committed eriough illegal acts to
! put him in jail for 999 years, and that
i he would undoubtedly have been im
pcached had he.made wrong guesses.
This confession followed an explana?
tion of the condition of the navy be?
fore the war. He said there was no
program thought out, and that ho pre
pared one which called for aggressive
action.
"I was opposed by the President, who
said thnt he did not want to commit
any overt act of war, but who added
j that he was following a defmite course
in an effort to avert a war.
"Two months after war was de
. clared," continued Mr. Roosevelt, "I
1 saw thut the navy was still unprepared,
j and I spent $40,000,000 for guns before
' Congress gave mc or any one permis
' sion to spend any money."
?
Pinehurst Expects Wilson
! Southern Town Prepares to En
tertain the President
PINEHURST, N. C, Feb. 1.?Plans
I for the entertainment of President Wil
! son here are being made, it was an?
nounced to-day, in expectation that tho
I President may accept tho invitation
; which has been extended to him to
j come South. A large winter residence
I here and another at Southern Pines
i have been reserved for Mr. Wilson's
use, and either will be at his disposal
as long as he cares to stay, it was said.
WASHINGTON, Feb. * 1.?Secretary
Tumulty said to-night he knew nothing
of current reports that President Wil?
son would go South, either to North
Carolina or Florida, within the next
tea days* . . _._?_i??
Offers $20,000 for First
Planetary Communication
French Academy of Scicnces Includes Mars "as Be?
ing Sufficiently Known"; Its Action Taken as
Belief in Possibility of Exchange of Messages
PARIS, Feb. 1.?The Academy of Sci
cnces evidently considers communica
tion between the earth nnd tho plancts
as among the possibilities, for it has
undertaken to act as judge for a prize
of 100,000 francs ($20,000) to be given
for the best means of making a sign to
a heavenly body and the receipt of a
reply.
It has been tho custom of the Acad?
emy always to refuse to handie prizes
for any feat which it considers a mere
waste of time. In presenting the pres?
ent prize for competition tho Academy
makes the proviso that "the planet
Mars is included as being sufficicntly
known."
"Until a solution is obtained," says
the Academy's announcement. "the in?
terest on the prize money will form a
Prison Guards
issmg
Siiij: Siii? Warden Uncertain
Whether Men Escaped or
Are Hiding in the Yard;!
City Poliee on Lookout
Sing Sing guards searched the coun?
try around Ossining last night for two
of the prison's most desperate pris?
oners, missing at iho ii p, m. roll call.
They are Percival J, McDonough end
Alfred Friedlander, the "street car
bandits," who terrorized trolley pas
sengers in the vicinity of Flushing and
Jamaica about a year ago. McDonough,
a second offender, was scntenced to
thirty-nine vears and Friedlander to
from eight to sixteen years.
Two weeks ago the prisoners were
transferred from Auburn to Sing Sing.
They originally had been committed to
Sing Sing, but that prison was undor
a diphtheria quarantine when they
were sentenced on March 21 last.
Friedlander is eighteen years old and
lived at 2214 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn.
McDonough, who is twenty-five, lived
at 2577 Fitkin Avenue.
Warden Lewis E. Lawes, uncertain
whether the missing men had escaped
or were in hiding within the prison
walls, did not sound the siren alarm
whistle. The poliee of ail the West
chester towns and of New York were
notilied to be on the lookout. however.
Extra guards were placed around the
walls. *
Had Freedom of Yard
McDonough and Friedlander were
both on hand in the mess hall when
the roll was called at noon. Ar, is
customary on Sunday aftcrnoons, they :
had the freedom of the yard until
5 o'clock, when the prisoners in the cell
block were again checked up. The
cells of the two Hrooklyn robbers
were empty.
Warden Lawes believes if the men
escaped they must havo done so before
4 p. m., as it began to snow about that |
time and there were no tracks on the !
ground. Guards on duty at the walls i
were sure the prisoners had not scaled I
them. They are ten feet high and a j
ladder would have been required. The
only other means of escape would have j
been through the greenhouse, and that '
was likewise well guarded.
The river has a thick coating of iee,
and the conVicts would have experi?
enced no difficulty in walking across it
if they were able to reach the bank.
Held Up Trolley Cars
There have been several instances of
prisoners hiding for a long time in
side the walls. On one occasion an in
mate dug a cave 1 eneath the furnace
in the engine room and secluded him
self there for two weeks until he
found an opportunity to escape. The
cave was not discovered until three '
years afterward.
McDonough and Friedlander late one
night in February of last year, held
up three t'-olley cars near tiie line
between Kings and Queens County.
Or. one of them they relieved forty
passengers of their valuables, besides
taking the conductor's receipts and
robbing the motorman. They sped
from place to place in a green auto?
mobiie, they had stolen, abandoning it
after the last hold-up. This occurred
on Qucensborough Road and Mc?
Donough, who is a former motorman,
forced the crew off and drove the
car with Friedlander and their loot.
They were not captured for several
days. They were sentenced for robbery
in the Queens County Court.
a
Frisky Gronndhog Will
Look for Shadow To-day
Should Sun Appear Little Ani
mal Will "Dig In" for Six
More Weeks of Winter
Orthodox groundhogs ail have their
alarm clocks set for noon to-day and
at the first subterranean tinkle will
scamper out of their burrows and frisk
about for a few moments in the uppcr
world. If one of the timid creaturos
catches sight of his shadow, however,
he will whisk into his burrovv again
and snooze for the next six weeks.
Snoozing groundhogs m#an freezing
weather and sneezing humans. If the
sun and the groundhogs are out simul
taneously there will be six weeks more
of winter. There may be up in the
Mad River country in Connecticut any
how, for it was twenty-two below zero
theic yesterday morning, and the snow
was frozen to such a depth that no
groundhog could get out of his home
unless he was of the provident sort
,.ho keep a pickax under the bed.
Rising temperature, with an east
wind that drove a film of snow before
it, gave promise here last night that
groundhogs might be about this noon
and see no fearsome shadows.
P'ires resuiting from the cold snap
were numerous. By 8 o'clock last night
firemen in Manhattan and the Bronx
had responded to eighiy alarms and
those in Brooklyn to thirty-five. Most
of the fires were caused by attempts to
thaw frozen pipes or by overheated
flues. Seven automatic alarms came in
because the pipes in sprinkler systems
froze and burst.
___-?
GOOD MORNTN'O:
When you need emcient nelp telephone
your advertisemont to the Good Morning
Girl of Th? New Tork Trtbuna, Beokm_o
3000.?A.Yti . ... - . -_________
| prize for scicntists making the greatest
I progress in knowledge of the planeta
and their relation to the earth."
LONDON, Feb. 1. Professor Albert
Einstcin, the German astronomer,
whoso theory that. gravitation deflects
the rays of light. recently has been the
subject of considerable discussion, in
an interview with "The Daily Mail's"
Berlin correspondent assorted he bc
lieved the mysterious signals roferrod
to by Signor Marconi as having been
heard on various wireless apparatus
are due either to atmospheric disturb
ances or to experiments with other sys
tei i.s of wireless.
Professor Einstcin, who believes that
Mars and other planets are inhabited,
added that if intelligent creatures on
other planets tried lo communicate
with the earth he would exnect the**; to
use rays of light, which could be n.uch
more easily controlled.
Ban 011 Debate
*ives
From Forum
George Gordon Battle, in
Chair at Ascension, Lays
Down Rules That Cut
Off Speeches hy Radicals
The -forum of the Church of the As?
cension, with the Rev. Dr. Percy Stick
ney Grant still too ill to attend, was
held for the lirst timo last night in a
manner modified to conform with an
agreement lvached with Bishop Charles
S. Burch. As a result it was quite dif
ferent from the forum that has recent- ;
ly attracted attention.
A stenographcr sat just outside the
chancel rail taking down every word
that was said. George Gordon ' Battle,
une of the church'wardens and leader
of the peace delegation that ironed out
the difTerences between Dr. Grant and
Bishop Burch, presided and briefly ex
plained the modification of the conduct
of the forum.
Tiie church was fairly well filled at
first, but several persons left when Mr.
Battle announced that the short
speeches from the audience following
the main address wouid not iie con
tinued. There was another exodus fol?
lowing the evening's address by Sidney
A. Reeve, who continued his discussion
of "The Crisis in Ameriea," begun on
the ev'e-ning of January 18. There was
also a marked absence from the front
and sides of the house of a certain
type of person who at recent meetings
had snickered and whispered a good j
deal, sent up many long questions and
applauded loudly at any near-radical I
utterance.
Predicts Economic Revolution
The only trace of the former atmos
phere of the forum meetings was the
circulation among the audience along
with the evening program of a reprinted \
article from "The Survey" of December j
27, 1919. cntitled "How to Correct Bol-1
shevism: A Letter to the President."
The Rev. Harold A. Lynch, assist nt
rector, did not seem to know just who
authorized the printing and circulation
of the article, but left the impression
that it had not been contrary to Dr.
Grant's wishes. The article urged the i
freest expression of opinion of any i
sort, I
Mr. Reeve in his talk declared that
economic revolution due to inflation
of the currency and decrcased produc-'
tion will arrive in the next ten years.
First the Progressives, then the Social- j
ist.fi, and then the Bolshevists, he said,
will be called upon to govern, but al;
wiil fail until the consumer organizes
economically as he is now organized
politically. This revolution, he said,
might cost this country 10,000,000 lives, j
possibly one per cent of these by !
violence ar.d the remainder by famine
and pestilence.
Mr. Battle after the meeting declared
thal the forum had reached exactly the
condition that Dr. Grant and the v'estry
desired.
"A forum is a place for the dissem
ination of information and not for mis
cellaneous debate," he said. "The new
plan insuras the audience a good
speaker, who will answer in good faith
any questions sent up for the purpose
of asking fnformation. At tiie same
time it keops the church from being
cheapenod by a type of discussion that
belongs outside a rcligious edifice."
Opponcnts Satisfied
The Rev. G. A. Carstensen, pastor of
the Uoly Rood Church, through Mrs.
Carstensen, said yesterday that he did
not wish to "nag" Dr. Grant so long
as the latter'lived up to his agreement
with the bishop and expressed the be
lief that the three clergymen who
might bring charges against Dr. Grant
were well satisfied with the new
arrangement.
In a scrmon delivered yesterday at
the Cathedral of St. John the Divine,
the Rev. William Austin Smith, editor
of "The Churchman," upheld the policy
of holding church forums and by in
ference absolved the Rev. Dr. Percy S.
Grant from all blame for secking to
1 elevate his church to an intellectual ap?
preciation of religion.
"All the world fears a man of clear
'. cut, intelligent conceptions," said Dr.
I Smith. "Human society is confronted
i with new conditions as the world grows
| older. We must be prepared to meet
j such conditions as they come. The
j church without brains will bear unim
i portant testimony of the coming of
Christ into the world to save man
kind."
Dr. Smith then cited many passages
in the Old Testament and the writings
of St. Paul to show that the Bible is
full of instances where men were called
together to discuss religion and its
problems and interpretations.
Platform Contest
THE TRIBUNE'S National
Republican Platform Contest
begins its second week to-day.
Interest in the" competition is
growing rapidly. A thousand
planks were submitted the first
week.
The platform page to-day is
Page 9.
iieds' Forge
Red Cross
Passports
Messengers of Bolsheviki
Travel From Berlin to'
Russia on Spurious
American Credentials
Arresls Bare Plot
For German Revolt
Document Links Head of
Spartacists With Rus?
sian Foreign Minister
LONDON, Feb. 1.- Bolshevik agents
intrusted with messages regarding the
"Reds"' international plans have for
some time been traveling between Ber?
lin and Soviet Russia on forged Ameri?
can Red Cross credentials. it is said
in official qunrters. One of these emis
saries, a German radical Socialist, ar?
rested recently, asserted under inter
rogation that the German Indepcndcnt
Socialists would attack and overcome
tho Berlin government the moment they
were assured of support from Lenine.
The credentials earried by the Bol?
shevik agents are said to have de
scribed them as delegates of the Amer?
ican Red Cross mission in Berlin to
conduct investigations regarding the
exchange of German prisoners in Rus?
sia.
Carried Letters in Ts'eckties
These couriers, it appears, w?re car
rying dispate.hes between Moscow and
Bolshevist organizations in other coun?
tries, including the German Spartacides
and the Swiss Communists. Lithua
nian authorities discovered the illicit
traveling after Lithuania's borders had
been crossed many times, and a num?
ber of arrcsts followed. Not ail the
couriers were provided with American
! papers, but such forged credentials
were found on several of the prisoners.
Two men who carried Red Cross
passes admitted they had nothing to
do with the American mission. but in
reality were working for the Commun?
ists. One woman. similarly equipped,
who worked from Dvinsk, said she had
been instructed to deiiver documents to
persons she did not. know personally.
The German who was arrested and
his companion, a Swiss belonging to an
extremist organization called the So
cialist-Democratic Oragnization of
Young People in Switzerland, were en
route to Moscow by way of Berlin when
captured. They carried letters con
cealed in their necktles. ,
Forged U. S. Passports
. The German carried a letter from
the head of a Sparracide organization
in Germany to M. Tchitcherin, Rus?
sian Bolshevik Minister of Foreign Af?
fairs. The letter indignantly denied
the report that German Spartacides
were countcr-revolutionary to tho Rus?
sian Bolshevists,. It declared that Karl
Radek (the Bolshevik propagandist,
who recently left Berlin), could testify
to the writer's Communist sympathies.
It was said further by the writer that
he was arranging with the Russian
Bolshevist, Zinovieff, with regard to
spreading Communist propaganda in ail
parts of the world by special couricr
service from Berlin.
Another letter seized, which was
written by the same German, stated he
had succeeded in inducing a stalT of
engravers to print American, French
and German passports for the use of
couriers and suggested that the Soviets
make similar arrangements for couriers
.rom Russia to Germany.
Tho Swiss couricr carried a letter
from the secretary of an organization
of extreme Socialists in Berne to an
editor ol a "Red" paper in Moscow,
acknowledging the receipt of Bolshevik
hterature from Moscow, of which, he
said, he had made great use, and ask
mg further supplies.
Soviet Russia Orders
Commerce Resumption
Authorizes Paris Headquarters
to Transact Business With
Western Europe and Ameriea
PARIS, Feb. 1.?The Russian Co
operatives' Headquarters at Paris has
received authorization from the Soviet
government to transact business with
foreign countries. Tiie announcement
reads as follows:
"The Soviet government permits the
Central Union of Russian Cooperatives
to enter into commercial relations with
the cooperatives and business firms of
western Europe, America and other
countries.
"The Soviet government has given
the Central Union ail guarantees con
ccrning the protection of goods ex
ported and imported by the coopera?
tives.
"The Central Union is ready to begin
exchanges immediately.
"The Soviet government will allow
to pass safely delegates coming to and
leaving Russia whose names are fur?
nished by the representativea of the
Russian cooperatives of central Eu?
rope."
-?-.
Martial Law Declared
In Havana Dock Strike
President Menocal Suspends
Guarantees When Workers
Rejeet Parley Plan
HAVANA, Feb. l.-A presidential
decree suspending the constitutional
guarantees for a period of sixty days
was published in an extra edition of
the "Official Gazette" this afternoon.
This action followed a refusal of the
striking dock workers to accept the
plan of arbitration demanded by Presi?
dent Menocal and agreed to by the em?
ployers.
Reports were current this evening
that the poliee already were making
numerous arrests of so-calltd labor
agitators. A slimly attended meeting
of the strikers this afternoon was
unanimous against accepting arbitra?
tion of the strike.
Accompanying the decree suspend?
ing the constitutional guarantees was
a proclamation by President Menocal,
saying that "the hour for deliberation
has passed for the government" and
adding that the honest laborer had
nothing to fear, but that the ''enemies
of order shall feel the full weight of
the law." _, .,,,?, ji?mUmiiT-llffl
Viscount Grey's Treaty
Stand Spurs Republicans
To New Move for Action
Hoover,9s Republican Boom
Suddenly Lost Its Force
At First the National Committee of the Party Re?
ceived a Flood of Letters Favoring His Nomina?
tion, and Then They Heard From the Farmers
By Theodore M. Knappcn
New York Tribui.c
Waxhinoton Bureau
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.?For a time
j recently letters potired into the Re
| publican National Committee from all
j sections of the country urging the Re
j publican leaders to beat the Democrats
! to it and get Herbert C. Hoover prop
erly labeled and corraled for the Re
| publican party. "Don't let the Demo
jcrats get Hoover. He is the man for
j us," was the tenor of the letters. A
I large percentage of the letters were
| from women, thus conhrming, appar
? ently, the hypothesis of the Hoover
? backers that his record as Food Ad
ministrator had made him the ideal
; of the women voters. Many of the
; women went so far as to say that it
would be fatal for the Republican
party to leave Hoover to be annexed
by the Democrats.
Last Monday the committee head
ove to Reseat
Msts Is
e Def err
Colonel Roosevelt Decides
Any Sueh Motion Would
Be Out of Order Until
the Prosecution Is Closed
Slaff Corrcppondencc
ALBANY, Feb. 1.?Unless there is a
! change in plans, the move to reseat
j the five Socialists will not be made by
i Colonel Theodore Roosevelt until the
! prosecution rests.
This was determined after several
conferences among the forward-looking
! Republicans and Democrats in the As
| sombly.
While there was talk of making this
move to-morrow night, it was deeided
that such a motion could be ruled out
of order and properly so until after the
Judiciary Committee, which is trying;
the Socialists, has completed its in-!
quiry.
It is expected that the prosecution j
will rest its case on Wednesday, or
Thursduy at the latest. Then a mo- ;
tion to discharge the committee from
further consideration of the resolution
embracing the charges against the five j
Socialists would be in order.
Colonel Roosevelt and his associates j
have agreed to make such a motion
unless tho committee is ready when the i
prosecution rests to report that the
Socialists should be reseated.
All sorts of political ropaganda is
being used by the Sweet-Barnes cle
ment in the Assembly to force the
committee to report. that all five
Socialists should be expelled.
Word has been passed among the
legislators that all local bills will be
held up pending the linal vote on the
Socialist ouster.
These local measures provide for the
dredging of creeks and the repairing
of bridges and roads at state expense.
In the rural communities many a
legislator has been retired by his con
stituency following his failure to have
this local legislation enacted.
Another forni of pressure being used
on the legislators to hold them in the
Sweet-Barnes camp is tho state ad
vertising. This advertising, which
consists of publishing the sessiohs
laws, means $12,0U0 a year to one Re
; publican and to one Democratic news
' paper in each county.
Shortly after the Socialist ouster
? Assemblyman Charles Betts, of Lyons,
introduced a biil abolishing this ad?
vertising.
Now the word is being passed along
the line that the Betts bill will bc
passed if the Assemblymen do not
stand by Sweet and Barnes, and in this
way it is hoped to line up the small
newspapers upstatc behind Sweet and
Barnes.
Another bit of propaganda being
spread by the Sweet-Barnes "whis
' per squad" is intended to keep the
i '"wets" from votlng to discharge the
; Judiciary Committee and from reseat
ing the Socialists, in that to do so
would be to establish a precedent which
; would be invoked by William ii. Ander
! son, superintendent of the Anti-Sa
loon League, in the league's "dry" en
: forcement bill.
The present intention of Speaker
; Sweet is not to let this bill get out of
| committee in the Assembly, -even
\ though the Senate should pass it. If
; the "wets" should desert him in this So?
cialist crisis they can expect that he
i will not help them in killing the Anti
J Saloon League's dry enforcement
measure.
ALBANY, Feb. 1. ? Assemblyman
Amos announced to-night that he would
call up in the Assembly to-morrow his
resolution, which provides for the seat
I ing of the special committee of the
j New York City Bar Association, headed
. by Charles E. Hughes, at a hearing be
' fore the judiciary committee "to pro
I tect the public interests."
! Assembly leadsrs to-night were said
I to be going over the minutes of yes
I terday's convention in this city of 4U0
representatives of civic, social and labor
organizaiions of the state, at which the
reseating of the live ousted Socialists
was demanded in resolutions which also
'. called for the defeat at the polls of
j "every member of the Assembly in any
j way responsible for the un-American,
1 unconstitutional and indefensible oust?
ing of these duly elected representa1
tives."
Whether the minutes would be in?
troduced aa evidence in the inveatiga
tion could not be learned, although it
waa indicated such a procedure was
not at all unlikely.
*quarters received a veritable deluge of
Hoover letters. By the middle of the
week they had begun to dwindle, and
on Friday and Saturday the anti
Hooverites began to be heard in suf
ficient numbers to make the managers
*"eel that the Hoover boom was a squall
I mstead of a hurricane. Then the
! granger 6tates reported emphatic op- ;
position to Hoover.
The Republican managers now feel '
that the crest of the Hoover boom has ,
passed by so far as the Republican
I party is concerned. They consider that |
the principal factor in exploding it in j
j the Republican camp was the publica- !
! tion of the fact that he was willing to j
j accept abomination from . either the
: Republica'ns or the Democrats. Had j
j Hoover come out a week ago with a
I declaration that he would accept only j
i the Republican nomination his boom
| would st ill be booming, the politically
I weatherwise say.
Mexico Releases
Two U. S. Flyers
Carranza Delivers Cap
tives at Border With?
out Awaiting Request
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Feb. l.-Lieu
tenants F. F. Davis and G. E. Grimes,
United States Army aviators, who have
been held by Mexican authorities since
Wednesday last, when they made a
forced landing near Guerrero, were re- |
leased at Nuevo Laredo this afternoon
and cro?sed the Rio Grande to Laredo.
Tex., Colonel J. E. Fechet, Air Service
officer of the Southern Department, an?
nounced to-night.
The aviators were released by order
of General Reynaldo Garsa, commander
of the gariison at Nuevo Laredo, after
a conference with Major Julian F.
I Sanez, commander at Matamoros. who
accompanied the aviators to Nuevo
Laredo.
General Garza and Major Sanez called ,
at the American consulate and informed
Randolph Robertson, United States i
Consul, who had accompanied the avia- !
tors from Guerrero, where he had gone
to look into the circumstances of their I
detention, that it would not be neces- i
sary to take them before General j
Murguia, at Monterey, according to re- j
ports lo Colonel Fechet from Laredo.
Lieutenant Stoner, an aviator sta
tioned at Laredo, was sent to San !
Rafae] las Tortilias, thirty miles west
of Guerrero, and late to-day returncd
with the airplane of Licuten'ants Davis
and Grimes, Colonel Fechet announced.
MEXICO CITY, Feb. l.-Criticism of
American aviators flying over Mexican
territory was again expressed by Luis
Cabrera, Secretary of the Treasury, in
conversation with newspaper men yes?
terday. He referred especially to 'two
flyers who had landed near Guerrero
because their gasolino was exhausted.
The Secretary asserted these incursions
were violations of sovereignty, and that
representations would be made to j
Washington.
?
Allies May Ask
| To Try Hollweg
Von Tirpitz and Oscar,
Ex-Kaiser's Son, Among
Those To Be ISamed
PARIS, Feb. 1.?In addition to al
ready published lists of those who
will be demanded from Germany by
the Allies qn charges of violations of
the laws of war, "The Matin" says Bel
gium will ask for Dr. Theobald von
Bethmann-Hollweg, former Imperial,
German Chancellor, while England will
demand -Admiral von Tirnitz, former
German Secretary of Marine; Admiral
Reinhardt von Schcer, former chief of
the German Admiralty Staff and com?
mander of the German fleet in the bat
tle of Jutland, and Prince Oscar of
Prussia, fifth son of former Emperor
William.
BERLIN, Feb. 1.?Statements cred
ited to a London paper to the effect
the German government had informed
the new British Charge d'Atfaires at
Berlin that Germany could not appre
hend and surrender men on the list
soon to be submitted by the Allies
within a month are officially denied.
The issue has not been discussed with
the Charge d'Affaires because it is out
side his jurisdiction, and negotiations
have been entirely through government
representatives in Paris.
Berlin does not expect the Allies to
reply officially to the recent German
note making a final appeal for revision
of the extradition clause.
??? t
65 Sinn Feiner. Held
Limerick Poliee Sergeant Shot;
Shuation I. Unehanged
DUBLIN, Feb. 1.?A total of sixty
five prominent Sinn Feiners and Re
publicans have been arrested in Dub
lin, Tipperary, Limerick and Cork.
There were no further developmenta in
the situation to-day.
Saturday night Poliee Sergeant Well
wood was fired upon in Limerick. The
bullet struck him in the jaw. At first
it was feared that his wound would
be fatal, but it is now believed he will
recover.
Intimation That England
Will Accept Lodge
Reservations Believed
to Assure .Ratification
Letter Weakens
Case of Opposition
New Says It Should Be
Read at White House;
Blow to Democrats
\ew Tork. Tribun*
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. ? Early
ratification of the peace treaty with
the Lodge reservations seemed cer?
tain to-night as a result of the publi
cation of the letter of Viscbunt Grey,
British Ambassador to the United
States, to "The London Times," in
dicating that Great Britain would
accept the pact as modified.
The frank acknowledgment of Vis
coun^ Grey that the United States
Senate is justitied in declining to
ratify the treaty as now written and
that the objection to Article X and
the section providing for voting
power in the league is well founded
met a gratifying response from Re?
publican Senate leaders.
There was a general feeling that
the letter of the British diplomat
can only be interpreted to mean that
Great Britain is ready to accept the
Lodge reservations, and that the ef?
fect of the communication will bo
to nullify Democratic opposition to
tiie Republican program.
The position taken by Viscount Grey
recalls the statement reiterated by
Senator Lodge during the treaty debate
last fall. At that time, the majority
leader frequently declared that' the
reservations proposed would fee ac
ceptable to the British govern?
ment and the French government. Mr.
Lodge is believed to have been certain
of the acquiescence of Great Britain
and France, and his uncompromisin*
j position against accepting the treat ?
! as now constituted has been made
easier to maintain by the knowledg'*
conveyed in Lord Grey's communica?
tion.
Agrees With Republicans
The attitude of the Republican Sena?
tors against entangling alliance*
should not be criticized by the British,
Lord Grey warns. He agrees that it
is entirely within the range of possi
bility that the Senate and the Execu?
tive of the United States may not agre
on certain subjects, and he approves
a modification of the treaty pact that
will safeguard against any misunder
standing in the future.
The other disputed point?the British
voting power?is likewise smoothed ou?
by Viscount Grey. While objecting
to the British colonies and dominior.s
being denied a vote in the league as?
sembly, he says: "We have no objec?
tion in principle to increasing th-;
Ameriean vote." The Lodge leserva
tion as now written, it was said. make *
its acceptance by the British even
more certain. This reservation would
deny to the British Empire its six votes
only in instances where the United
States is peculiarly interested. In
case of a dispute between this govern?
ment and Great Britain, or any part.
of the British Empire, the votes of the
two nations would be nullilied. Lord
Grey's declaration that he looks for no
trouble to result from the question of
voting power, therefore, seems certain
to be fulfilled.
Weakens Democratic Stand
The Grey letter aroused the great?
est interest here to-day. Senator
Lodge, the Republican leader, though
declining to make any comment, is
known to have found much in .iie
statement that gave him assurance
that the treaty situation would soon bo
satisfactorily settled. Friends of
Senator Lodge say he considers rhe
letter an announeement bv Great
Pritain that she desires Jie United
States in the league on terms dictated
by the Ameriean government.
The communication of the British
diplcmat likewise is expected to dis
sipate much of the force of tha
President's opposition to the Lodge
reservations. Democratic Senators w!*.
have emphasized their objection to
the Republican program of reserva?
tions by citing the so-cal!ed objection
that Great Britain would raise can no
lenger make this fight in behalf of
the treaty.
There was no great surprise at tha
position taken by the British Ambassa?
dor. It was understood that when
Viscount Grey left here a month agi>
and sailed for home he was to advise
his government fully on the prospect
of ratification of the treaty. It has
been known to some Senators that the
British Btatesman felt his government
did not have serious objection to a
modification of the treatv in a manncr
suggested, by the Repub'licans.
Lord Grey's public letter, cabled t<i
this country from "The London Times,'*
therefore is the method he has em
ployed to inform both the British peo?
ple and the Ameriean Senate that the
Cnited States is justified in objecting
to the treaty in its present form.
The Grey letter is expected to re?
sult in definite decision by the Re?
publicans to bring the treaty to the
floor early this week and make a fight
for its ratification with the Lodge
reservations. Plans have been prac?
tically compieted. it was said to-night,
to have the treaty transferred to the
1 floor of the Senate this week and for
Republican Senators to launch a de?
termined fight for its speedv accept?
ance with modifications.
Ccmmends View to White House
Discussing Viscount Grey's letter.
Senator New, Republican, of Indiana!
said:
"Lord Grey shows the clearestj
conception on the part of a foreign.
government of the true position of tho
United States with reference to tho
treuty that has yet found expression.
His statement must in the very naturw
,of thinga be aecepted as a reTelation of

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