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3XJew> Uarlc 3Jribtme
Firat to Last?-the Truth: Newa?Edl
Member of (he Am'.'.i BUMftU of Clrcutatlona
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1920.
Owned and puNblied dallj by N*n Tr'k Trlhiine
Trtc. a New lort Oorporatkm. Oeilo-i Reld. Presl
rtejit; <J V. .. r Rogcn Vl.v >?'???;>.: i Helan
ftac?r? K.-M. s.vren >. V A Suter, Trea?UT*r,
Ad'lrejs. Trbur.n BuUaltlg. IM Nassau Sireet, Now
York. Tei?i ,.iiio. Beekman 8000,
SrB8CRirTION KATKS-- B? MAIT.. Inrludltig
Poataee. IX Tl'.K IMTt'i STATES ANL)
On*. Six 0 M
Tra? Montm Month
P?1!y nd SnmUj.$11.00 $6.00 #100
r>?t\y o?lr . SM 4 00 .7.",
Hrtrday onlj . 4.00 2.00 .40
Sur.Jay ouly, Canada . 8.09 i..'-'."> .53
Daflj ?ad Bandaj.$:n oo $1?"0 J2 40
ileJ'y onij . 1* 40 H T0 1.43
Kundaj ooly . 8.T3 B.13 .88
Eftteiied a< 'he rcfc.ofr.-e x! N?< Tnrfc aa Second
<~?vi Va!' Mattet
Vou can pc-ch?? r.ierxh.indKe ac<vertl?*d ln THE
TRIBUNE wlth ahioluU lataty?f?C lt dlMatlsfar
tion re*ulft ln any case.THE TRIBUNE ituaranitu*
ta pay >our rroncy baik cipon r-ijimt. No rod ta??.
Ne duiabllng. We rnaXt good (fremptly If the
advcrtlser doe? net.
MfiMl'.nt OF THI ASSOCIATED PRBSS
The Associated Prcaa li eacluslTetj entlUrd to tiie
nt* tor rcpubllcatlon of all newi dlspatchea er?vlHe<i
lo li o.- not '. ed ln thia papnr. and
also the local i.cvvj of spc ::a::eous or!r:f) publtahud
Ail rlthta of r?puMic-atlou of aU ?thsr ruaUer
dn a.*o a-e r>-,,orTcxl.
The End of a Sophistry
Viscount Grey's admirable letter
1o Tke London Tfrnea disposes com
plctely of the artful contention
that so far as our Kuropean allies
are concerned the Sei ate'a reserva?
tions "r.ullify" the peace treaty. Tho
case for unconditional ratification
has rested almost entirely on the
frauduient claim that American res?
ervations, unless they were merely
"interpretative" and therefore* nu
gatory, would involve a breach of
faith with the other signatory gov
ernments and could be properly re
sentcd by them. The Senate has
been held up to scorn as taking a
low and mean advantage of our
associates hy pressingon them modi
fications of the treaty to which they
could not assent without loss of
self-respect. It was only in this
sense that the Presiderft's repeated
protests against "nullification" could
be clothed with any semblance of
generosity of feeling or moral force.
If the President had been obliged
to tell the country that the Senate
was "nullifying" the treaty because
it was trying; to protect its own pre
rogatives as a part of the treaty
making power and was at the same
time trenching upon his preroga
tives the public would have recog
nized with abs lute clearness what
the advocates of unconditional rati?
fication have been trying to keep it
Most of the Senate reservations,
including that to Article X of the
covenant, deal with a domestic ques?
tion?namely, the distribution of
constitutional power between thf
President and Congress. That is
the only issue raised in the reserva
tion to Article V. Sfet a large part
of tiie public has been misled into
believing that the Senate is trying
to limit or impair our obligations
under this article by defining the
conditions under which the United
States (not the executive branch of
the government alone) can accept
Viscount Grey frankly and sym
pathetically notes the constitutional
difficulties in tho way of our un
qualified acceptance of Article X.
He recognizes the propriety of a
reservation. And he tells the peo?
ple of Great Britain, in a manner
which must convince them and is
perfectly 'fair to tho United States,
that the questions raised in the Ar?
ticle X controversy do not directly
concern the European members of
the league, In his view the British
government would have no occasion
to protest against any of the Sen?
ate reservations except the one re
lating to the representation of the
British dominions, colonies and de-;
pendencies in the league assembly. ?
Even over that, if adopted as it
Btands, he says that ''it is possible,
I think it is even more than proba
ble, that in practice no dispute will
The returning British Ambassa
dor speaks with full knowledge of
conditions in this country as well as
in Europe. lt is becoming more and
more evident that Great Britain,
France and Italy are not antagonis
tic to the Senate reservations. Fear
that the reservations will "nullify"
the treaty seeraa to be confmed
cbiefly to the White Ilouse. And that
is because they frustrate the Presi
dpnf* oersonal conception of the
.reaty rnther than the European
conception of it. Europe ia not wor
rying over the wording of the res?
ervation on Articlo X or on the
Monroe Doctrine. Viscount Grey's
statement, the fruit of his candid
mvestigations here, is highly wel
corao and ought to be helpful. It
has put it beyond the President's
power to claim any longer that in
opposing the Senate's reservations
he is fighting the league's battle and
Europe'a instead of his own.
The Bergdoll Case *
The Secretary of War informs an
oxasperpted public thal the extremc
penalty which can be visited on Be.rir
doll, if he does not escape altogether
on an i...>unity plea, ia eighteen
TOonths' imprisonnn y.t, which is
less than that which minor offenders
who visited their hotr.es without
ofheial permission have. suffered. !
Vet this rich young man was
allowed for two years (o evade the
draft, sending msulting mesaages
to hia tipard as he traveled about,
aiwi wa? not arrested until pulled;
out of a box in his mother'8 house
A strange tenderness which Mr.
Baker has cxhibited from the first
for the whole brood of slackers,
frauduient conscientious objectors
and other half-brecd citizcns! His
attitude has naturally inspired re
sentment among tho men who
fought while recreants stayed at
home. it lu*s put a premium upon
cowardice and lack of patriotism.
Yet Ansell wns demoted when he
becajtne active against the excessive
puniahment imposed on real fight
ers who slipped a little.
The country has tried hard to
think well of Secretary Baker. In
many ways he is an attractive figure.
ilis good faith has not been seri
cusly challenged. But what mag
got has been at work on his judg?
ment? Why has ho been so soliei
toua with rcspect to cowards who
masquerade 1 as <vpacifists"?
Germany Protects Giiilt
It is said by Berlin newspapers|
that no German can be found to lay j
a hand on a fellow German who is
asked to meet the accusution that he.
grossly viokatcd tho laws of war.
The German feeling on this sub
ject is symptomatic. The Germans
agreed to give up their war crim
ir.als, but what. of that? No innocent
man is in danger of conviction, but
what bf that? Thc Germans take no
effective steps to punish the guilty
themselves, but what of that? It ,
satiafies the Germans and their apol
ogists to turn the debate in the direc
tion of the legalism that a citizen of
a country is not responsive to an out
side jiirisdiction, no matter what be
The world longs for Germany to
become civilized?not merely civi
iized in the scnse of possessing intel
ligence enough to make and use ma
chines, but morally civilized. It
needs no argument to establish that
the world will not be safe while in
the heart of Europe is a people num
bering 00,000,000 which is devoted to
the creed of Beelzebub. ? It was
hoped that when the Kaiser crew was '
expelled Germany would display a
different spirit. But can it be said
there is a change when ail Germany
ia in conspiracy to protect those no-1
torumsly guilty of systematic atroci-.
ties? Yet those of pro-German bias !
throughout the world are spreading
the propaganda that in some way it
is wicked for the Entente govern
ment6 to insist on the delivery of
Jn less sophisticated days, when
one tribe or gens or village suffered
great wrong at the hand of another,
the group that inc'.uded an offender
was required to give him up. The
lawyers had not then invented the
rule that if a maraucTer but escapes
to the shelter of protecting friends
ar.d accomplices his person is sacred.
This artificiality is contrary to natu?
ral justice. The provision of the
peace treaty which Germajiy pro
poses to flout is not an innovation,
but reapplies a most ancient prin-1
ciple. But the bad and soft of head
do not care to recall this.
Let not those who labor to save i
the war criminals think they suc
cmsfully screen their conduct. Their i
excuses are chaff. They are protect?
ing criminals, and thus are acconv j
plices. to crime. Even on the legal
side their case is weak, for while
laws to compel the surrender of
criminals may be lacking there are
no laws which forbid the delivery of
such. Holland, for example, has i
full discretion with respect to the ex
pulsion of tho Kaiser, and even
though the Versailles treaty did not
mention them Germany may, if she
will, push her war criminals beyond
her borders or othervvise deal with
A Ray of Concord
The peace has brought but little
political concord. Nations which
fought in a common cause have been
pursuing separatist and clashing
policies since hostilitics ended. This
is particularly true of the smaller
states which have emerged from the
conflict or have been enlarged torri
torially by it.
Czecho-Slovakia and Poland quar
rcled over Teschen. Poland and the
Ukraine fought for many months for
possession of eastern Galicia. Poland
ia still at odds with Lettonia. The
new Baltic states have held various
conferences, but have not reached an
agreement either for joint military
action or for economic solidarity.
Serbia?now Jugo-Slr.-ia?is in
conflict with Rumania, Albania and
a part of tho Montenegrin popula?
tion, as well as with Italy. Rumania
has been estranged from the westom
Entente powers. The old Balkan al
liance is dead. Everywhere in Cen?
tral and Eastern Europe a spirit of
mistrust and aloofness has developed
in the train of the Versailles and
St. Germain settlements.
lt is pleasant to note an exception
to this rule. In the Caucasus re
gion, where broad-minded states
manship was hardly to be expected,
the threo new republics of Georgia,
Vzerbaijan and Armenia have seen
fiic wi.sdom of praciieiv.g cooperation
and concord. These states differ in
race and religion. But instead of
fighting among themselves for a pre
carious local supremacy, they have
been drawn into an allianco for de
fence against the Bolsheviki on the
one hand and the Cossack state of!
Kuban on the other. t
The raUroada of thf Caucasus re- j
gion nro of littlo use to nny one of
these rcpuhlicn unless thero is froo
passage through tho territory of
the others. So they linve agreed
to the internationalization of trallic
for a period of three years, to ajoint
customs system and to the Bubmls
sioti of all their disputes to the arbl
tration of the five great powers.
Here is an example of praetical
wisdom and political enlightenment
which contrasts Btrikingly with tho
particularism nnd the uncompromis
ing attitude of so many of tho Euro?
pean states. Whal, Europo and
Western Asia need above everything
else is political and economic pacifi
cation. It is more important that
the new nations should produce and
exchange goods than IhuL they
should insist on getting tho better of
one another in tho determination of
boundarics. Peace and work are the
program for the future rather than
dubious territorial aggrandizement,
Tho Caucasus republics deserve spe?
cial consideration for having recog
nized that fact.
Percy Grant's Fo; um
The vestrymcn of the Church of
tho Ascension, although sympathetic
to their rector, Dr. Grant, and to the
idea which led to the organization of
his Forum,'seem to perceive what is
the defect of the institution.
It was established as an instru
mentaiity of free speeeh. Earnesl
men and women were to havo a
place where they could consider
soberly and seriously socialized ques?
tions which are to be solved right
eou.ly if the Church ia to fulfil its
mission. Such wns the thought of
But, alas; the Forum has not been
an instrumentality of free speeeh.
It has not functioned pei plan. Its
specialty has been the suppression
of free speeeh. Its attendants did
not meet to take counsel together??
gathered in no spirit of charity and
humility to instruct, and, mayhap,
to be instructed. They were there
to "spout" and to howl down any one
who presumed to express idcas that
did not precisely suit them. Tiie
arena was one for the display of
savage intolerance. Your profes
sional radical praises th.e beauties of
free speeeh, but free speeeh for him?
New York has presented few
sadder ^spectaclos than Dr. Grant
laboring to preservr* free speeeh in
his parish house. Progressively he
has been compelled to adopt more
and more stringent rules against the
excesses of din-raising disturbers.
Czar Reed of the House of Repre?
sentatives was not more stonily se
lective in granting and withholding
recognition.. Questioners are re?
quired to submit written questions,
because experience has shown an
interrogator's conception of a ques?
tion is a long, yelling --peech.
The Forum is a place where gavels
are splir.tered to subdue orators
whose notion of free debato is to
let no one else talk.
Dr. Grant, as a man not lacking I
in humor, is aware of what has hap
pened to hia original idealistic pro
gram. He is acquainted with the
difficulties incident to upholding free
speeeh in a company which abomi
nates it. He needs not be told that
of all the elements of the population I
p bunch of heated radicals seems the
most inclined to stamp on the guar
antees of tho First Amendment of
Credit and Reparatlons
As Secretary Glass pointed out;
the other day, the indefiniteness ofj
Germany's reparation obligations
has been an important factor in the
shaking of European credit. So long
as it is uncertain how rnuch Ger?
many can or will repay her pledgen
in bonds to France, Great Britain
and Beigium will not greatly bolster
up the credit of these nations. I
France cannot realize on the Ger?
man bonds to do the worlc of repara?
tion. She will have to pay the cost,
herself or look for reimbursement
when the bonds become. salable or
Arthur von Gwinner, the presi?
dent of the Deutsche Bank, said the
other day: "Germany is simply hea i
ing to economic ruin, and, as na?
tions are economically interdepend
ent, her ruin would involve that of
Europe generally." His suggestion
of a remedy doesn't differ mate-1
riallv from that of Secretary Glass.
The latter said:
"There is no more logJcal or prac
ticul Btep toward solving their own
reconstruction problems than for the
Allies to give value to their indem
nity clalms against Germany bv re
ducing those claims to a determinate
amount which Germany may reason
ably bc expected to pay, and then for j
Germany to issue obligations for such
amount and b? set free to vork it
out. This would increase Germany's
CHpacity to pay, restore confidence
and improve the trade and commerce '
of the wovld. The maintenanee of
claims which cannot bo paid causes'
apprehension und serves ro useful I
Von Gwinner says:
"Of course, we oould never pay, and
no sane British or Prench finan :ii r
expects us to pay, the huge indemni-1
ties of which there still is talk. but
if you givo us breathing space and
grant-ua credit lo import raw mate?
rials and foodstuffs we shall be able
to pay a very large sum indeed. The
greatest and most traglc aspect of the j
German Industrial situation ls that I
the will to work on the part of the j
German ?a-orkin-? classes is stronger j
to-day than nt any timo ainco the
Gcrmany's ability to pay and the
capitalization of that ability are f ac?
tora of prinie importanco in any
restoration of the economic situation
in Europe. But Germany will have
. great difticulty in paying unless she
lirst; receives credit. Nor can
France and Great Britain givo her
credit and nt the same time suatain
commercial relations with the
United States unlesR wo givo them
We aro entangled in thc European
economic situation, whether we like
tn admlt it or not. And American
, credit must be extended to Europe
in some way, as a matter of. self
protection if from no other motive.
A Tribune Reservation
Dr. Van D\)l(c Suggcsts a Bricf
Reservation for Article X
To tho Editor of Tho Tribuno:
Sir: lf tho deluy of tho Senate to
ra1 fy tho peaco treaty wero due to
caution and n scrupulous desire to act
with wisdom uid orudenco in Buch an
important inattcr no reasonablo
American could find fault. with it.. lt
would bo tho tribute paid hy con
scienco to responsibility. But evi
dontly that is not the oxplanation of
the prosent procrnstinntion ar.d in
tolerable tardiness in meeting a great
mcrgency in which vital interests of
our country nnd of thc whole world
Weeks ago?nay months ago all
ihe various aspects of the treaty had
been considered, oxamined, and fully
discussed. Tho most urgont neces
sitics of tho moro oratoricnllv minded
Senators had been fully satisfied m
thej copions otitpourinr/ of words.
Nothing neodful, nothing natural, ir.
thc way of Belf-examination and self
rclicf, was left undono. lt vas evident
that moro than two-thirds of tho
Senators wanted thc treaty ratificd in
Bomo way which would not imply nor
involve its resubmission to tho Paris
coiit'erenco. Yet nothing has been
done in tho dircction of a practical fui
fillment of an acknowledgod duty. The
debato still continues, though now it
has run down into a repctition of ex
hausted recriminations and thc futiio
issuances of footlosn "ultimata," none
<>f which appears to be really ultimate.
How long is the "mountain ir.
travail" to pcrsist in bringing forth
this ridicidus tnus? Alrcady about a
dozen forms of words have been de
viscd and presented by way of com
proni o, almost any one of which
ought to satisfy both thc mon who aro
anxious that our national sovcrcignty
and our constitutional government
should bo cxpllcitly Bafe-guardcd
aml thc incn who are deslrous that
America should not miss or refusc her
international opportunity and duty.
Nothing better haa been brought
out. in the whole controversy than the
last sentenco of thc editorial in this
morning'a Tribune, referring to
.Article X of thc league covenant.
"Tho reservation, rid of Burplusagc,
merely is that obligations to go to war
aro not assumed unless Congress con
This is admirable, terse, clear,
polite, and firni. No one can mistake
its meaning or object to its contents.
Why should Mr. Lodge's passionato
attachment to what The Tribune de
scribes as "surplusage" stand in tho
way of letting tho Senate have a vote
un thia short and sufficient reserva?
tion? Mr. Lodge might weep and
lamcnt for his not. very beautiful ver
biago and for his not very tactful
phraseology oi defiance, but few would
join him in his lamentation. Mot
people would regard the loss as a good
Tho adoption of tho words of Tho
Tribune, which I have ventured to
italicize, aa the reservation on Article
X of the covenant, would solve that
difficulty. Here is a koy with which
tho deadlock can bo opened. Why not
uso lt? No reasonable Senator ir.
either party could object, Nor would
the President refuse to sanction an
interpretation which ho s^ys (and
rightly, 1 think) is alrcady implied m
HENRY VAN DYKE.
New York, Jan. 30, 10'JO.
The Supreme Law
To the Editor of Tho T'ribunc.
Sir: In his motion asking tho
Supreme Court of tho United States to
dismiss thc suit brought by tho State
of Rhode Island to test the validity ? t
the Eighteenth Amendmcnt Solic tor
General King takes the position that
thi questi m whethi - ihat measure con
fiicts wjth the existing Federal Consti
tution is purely political and not jus
ticiablo. if this contention :?; su>
t~:ned by tho court there is no limit
to thc radical and revolutionarj
changes in our form of government.
that may be made by Congress and the
Btate legislatures without consulting
the Anieiiean people.
For Instance, tho Constitution pro
vldes that Congress shall make no law
prohibiting tho frco exercise of rc
ligion. If ?.ir. Kine/s !>i>s:tion i? gour.d
an amendmcnt tha*. prohibited the ex?
ercise of the Christian religion wouh!
be that. an amendment that does not
yiecifically ropeal a provision of the
existing Constitution with which it di
rectly confiicts prevails over such pro?
vision. WHIDDEN GRAHAM.
New York City. Jan. 30, ls-20.
tr'rom The Ind.anapolie S'cws)
Those Congressmen who ennnot bc re
elected without the assistance of "pork"
had better not be reelected. They sre
not worth their cost to the country, or
even to their constituents who might
profit somewhat by public building or
river and harbor appropriations. The
Congrossional "pork" gctter is too ex
pensive a vico to be tolerated. If he can't
convince his constituents that he is
earning his salary by actually servir.g
the country the sooner he is rcmoved
from public place and forced to take up
some productive occupation the better. i
Through tho niuotoenth story wlndow
FloatH tho steady vibration of an cn
gino aomowhere below.
Down thero it is shrill,
Liko (he biting of a drlll into solld
But on the way up to my window
Tho everlasting undorcurrent of the
Soft "II ;* it,
And the winter haze wraps lt ln gray
I turn from tho chatter of my type
To a grassy placo undor a treo near
A lako of lovellnosa worthy of Its
And J lle down,
Staring restfully nt; the lattlce- work
of gri o;i am] blue above,
And listening to the liutnmiug of the
rcapcr *i tho nearby field.
Or is it the drill ln tho quarry down
t ho valley 1
Or tho beo circling the flower near
Whichever it is, ono thing I know:
It is tho sound.
Tho blcssed, blissful sound,
Of si ne ono eiso at work??
Not mc. . AL.
The G50.000 contribs who have asked
us, in the last two and a half years, to
rcprint Mr, A. A. Milne's "From a
Full Hei.it" will rejoico that Mr.
Milne's lirst play, "Mr. Pim Passes
By." is ono of London's great suc
? ?? ises.
ln tho Now Statesman Mr. Dcsmond
MacCarthy, discussing Mr. Milne's
originality, says: "It should be cn
couraging, but it ls also humiliating,
? o obsorve what a slight variation in
unimportant directions ? may entitle
nnj ono to bo considered original."
Nothing is moro obvious. Originality
varies only a thousandth of an inch
from common* laceness; n single hair
: tho | ' nius from tho dub.
Rogardine tho Rosa Entrjt
Sir: Wallace frwin'a "On to tho Next,"
i:l l! ' Satovopost, is a firood yarn, but wliat's
''?"* <; ? Idea in cau ing Chrialine, on Paso
l?8. to toueh friond husband for twenty-flve
berrie-? to pay a loslng bet on the w. k.
race hosa BiUy Kelly? lt ia related in the
Btory thal Sir Barton and Hilly Kelly are
the Drrby entriea from tho Roaa stable and
thal Sir Rarlon wins tho race. Naiurnlly
tbe two would be coupled in the betting, and
if either won, a bettor en either horse would
vvln ,,:- bet. ! rear VV. I. ia not a Regular.
? Coupled ie. I'u.' betting.
it appeara that Mr. Ring W. Lard
ner's Jack Keefe is writing the copy
t'o.r tho Montgomory, Alabama, insur
'?'''? concern, which advertisos: "Every
person who recognizes my advertise
? ? I at jthe bottom of this notice ano
"?||,) either phones my office t.o-day or
calls hy and leave their name and ad
dress ir will bo placed in a box, and
tho person whose namo is dTawn out
"?? I bc given a $10 gold piece free."
And a White Plains employment'
bureau, obviously under tho Lard
"In receipt of your check for fifty
; " ' '' : " """?'! beg to iuy that wc
?? '?' ?'?? : fate.* ab lolutely ln our
le , and rogulations in furishjng
!?.v privato familes. Wo are very
sorry indeed to refuse the same for
"Inclose ono of our correspondence
cards, and showing our terms for
furishing day help to privato familes.
Wo would appreciate our L'mployer to
comply, with samo olherwise we do
not havo any rates indobtant to that.
Thanking very much for the ro
I Golhara Gleanim*9 1
- rhts is Groundhog Day.
? Miss Lola Fisher went to At?
lantic City Fri.
?It is rumored that evcrybody has
lots of money these days.
?-Rollin Kirby had the la grippe
last \vk., but is back to work.
R. C. Benchley has accepted a
position with Ralph Pulitzer.
?Joe Wise went on a bus. trip last
night, selling red and blue hdkfs.
?Ed Thomaa of Seattle was a
pleasant caller one day last week.
?Herb Swope gave ye scribe two
ducks which he shot, and they wore.
?A. M. Palmer the Atty. Gcn'l
was here a few minutes Thursday
evi ': .
Mrs. Julia Ferbcr and daughter
got <back from Atlantic City last
V. ell, there will be six wks more
of winter. the most reprehensible of
?Miss Harrictte Underhill who
was ill last week is some better at
?George Schneider Bklyn's popu
lar insurance man sends us a hand
some calendar for the current yr
(1920). Thanks, Geo.
Do musical comedy librettists, we
wonder, in making out their income
tax reports, allow for depreciation on
prohibition wheezes ?
[From the Lancaster (Pa.) Examiner]
Isaao Rutt has bous-ht the Paradise store
from William Pfoutz, who ia going ljack to
the Bhoe business.
We don't mind tho term Federal
Prohibition Agent, but it girds us when
the Chicago Horald-Examiner reters to
'women F. P. A.'s."
aking of Dr. Baer's influence, the
Cook Laundry Co., of Worcester, ad
visos tho homekeeper to "be a Pail
with Your Children."
This department haa had nothing to
?ay about tho Bryan boom.
Boy, get down the ftles.
F. P, A,
It sccms to be tho boMef of a num?
ber of young writers, moi'tly men,
that rougo is not only immoral but
disflguring. They hold that discretion
is the better pnrt. of pallor. We re
I member that the heroino of the lato
! lamented "Madeleine" declared in
' ringing fnshion that, though sho might
| sacrifice body and soul, her complexion
waa her own.
' ln "Tho Dlower of Bubbles," by
Arthur Beverly Baxter, wo find a
description of a young girl "who
1 would have been pretty if she hadn't
| rouged." Now, without wishing to ap
! pcar in any sense as an expert on
j such matters, wo have it on reliable
| authority that a little rougo hero and
I there may produce a highly artistic
1 effect. In fact, we are informed that
! if applied with some meditim other
' than a whitewash brush the chances
; are that any more n\un wiil be able
i to perceive only tho effect and remain
entirely ignorant of tho cause. How
! ever that may be, whenever a book bc
| gins with a swinging donunciation of
rouge in one of its early chapters we
aro invarlably prepared for a good
deal of 3ontiment.il obscrvation to fol
low. Thus, In "Tho Blowor of
Bubbles/' on the same page as the
; condemnation of routro, a man is asked
i how ho learncd to play the violin so
. well, and replies: "My dear old boy,
: music must bo loved, not learned."
And, "tho girl who would have been
? pretty if she hadn't rouged looked
; 3traight into my eyes and said some
', thing that sounded like a blcssing.
I hopo it was; sho made me think of
a little sister I once had."
Concerning tho morality or immoral
ity of rouge. we have no opinion ex
cept that it is cortain'.y wicked to
use too much of it. On the other
., hand, authors who allow their hcroines
just a dab or two invariably write
better than those who compel all thc
women charactors to bo total ab
"Heywood Broun 3d," write3 a corre
spondent who signs no name, "is, for
tunately for him, a very young son;
Heywood Broun is a very young father
?both will grow up. May the boy
grow in grace free from Murgen's' in
fluenco and may the father find his
materialism Dead Sea fruit in time to
set such an example that II. B. 3d will
act upon the Fifth Commandment. It
can't bc done on smutty fiction or
It may b?, as the writer suggests,
that wo ahall grow in graco. However,
that is boslde the point, for, in the
words of the beautlful christening
service, a child takes his father "for
better or worse." Even now wo are of
the opinion that all the Commandments
should bc observed in decent modera?
tion. We think we are correct in as
suming that the Fifth is, "Honor tby
father and thy mother, that thy days
may bo long upon th* land which the
Lord thy God giveth thec." We intend
t.o serve notice on II. 3d not to make
this his favorite Commandment. If he
t'uist broak ono of them, by all means
let it be the Fifjth. Even though we
become much better than we are now,
it is going to make us distinctly un
comfortablo if he gocs about the house
honoring us. It will soem too ridicu
lous, and we doubt very much if he
can do it with a straight face. When?
ever ? he feels that ho simply must
honor his parents we hopo that he will
do it in an underhand way behind our
backs. Although we hope never to
spank him, ho will be ruhning a great
risk if hc makes his honoring frank
And, anyway, why should he want to?
Tiie High Price of Gasoline
To the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Sir: Under the heading of "Modern
Eeonomlcs" you publishcd an article
credited to "The Detroit Journal" in
tho January 27 issuo of your paper.
This article had to do with the rise in
price of gasoline and kerosene, nnd
3tated that "Under the old-fashioned
law of supply and demand a very largo
quantity, or a surplus of any commod
ity, brought about falling prices." It
further stated: "The stocks of petroliAim
have been increased, moro oil has been
relined in the last year than in any
previous year, moro has been imported,
and the Standard Oil Company has
raised the price of gasoline and kero?
Wo are producing moro and more
pleasure cars, trucks, tractors and oil
burning engines each year, and it is up
to the producers of gasoline to keep
their production ahead of the produc- i
tion of thc product which consumes it I
Ihe capital necessary to ;ncrcase pro- j
duction must be paid for?stockholders '
will not reinvest in a losing concern.
Picture the curtailed production of j
motor cars, trucks, tractors and gas en
ginea if the supply of gasoline fell
off; think of the effect on the tire in-'
dustry and the manufacture of acces- i
sorica. See the mcrchandise piled high
awaiting transportation. Hcar the wails i
of people who have investcd their sav- j
ings in these industries.
You have quoted the theory of supply !
and demand, but you have failed to con-1
sider another theory which explains the \
situation, namely, If tho market ab
sorbs tho product in spite of the in-1
creased supply, the price will continue to
rise. O. C. BROWN.
Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 28, 192C.
"Flu" and Filth
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: After quite nn extensive tour
through the streets of this city it seems
to me that very much of thc extensive ;
provaknee of tho "flu" can bc attributed
to the horribly filthy condition of the ?
sidewalks and roadways throughout the '
whole town. We once had a model ;
Street Cljaning Commissioner, Colonel j
Waring, but he was promptly reUred i
by Mayor Van Wyck, a.man just about
as devoid of braina as our present
In addition to their horribly fllthy
condition, the roadways and sidewalks
Hasn't h? got Jack tho Giant Killer,
'nnd Dick Whittington, and Aladdin, and
! Captain Kidd. Let him honor them.
j They aro all too dead and too deserving
j to bo annoyed by it.
"May the father find his material
; ism Dead Soa fruit in time to set such
;an example that IL B. 3d will act upon
; the Fifth Commandment. It can't be
I done on smutty fictlon or carnal knowl
It seems to us that the writer is not
1 free from a rather hideously material
[ conception of 1 ifo. Wo are not pre
; pared to agree that anything whi<-;h is
[ carnal is also smutty.
Arnold Bennett ha.s dramatIzeT! his
novel "The Book of Carlotta" under
tho title "Sacrcd and Profane Lovo"
iDoran). It is to be played here by
Elsie Fcrguson some timo next season,
and it will probably prove an engagir.g
: and interesting play. Pcrsonally, we
] like to read plays a little better than
novels, but at the same timo Bennett
the playwright ranks far below Ben
; nett the novelist. When ho ap
proaches the stage he becomes ever so
: much more sontimental. We have not
road "The Book of Carlotta," but in its
'dramatic form the happy ending is dis
Carlotta, a young and impressionablc
| girl, goes to a concert to hear Diaz, a
great pianist. She is so enthralled by
him that she meets him after the con?
cert and goes to hia lodgings. He
plays for her and she is swept away by
a tumult of emotion which seizes them
both. The affair is not prolonged, for
the next. day she runs away and goes
home. Years later sho becomes a
famous novelist and Diaz becomes a
dru.}? fiertd. She goes to him and
nurses him out of his affliction by the
most heroic self-sacrifice. His cure is
signalized by his first concert appear
ancc in many years, but he asks Car?
lotta not to go because it will make
him nervous. He returns after a great
success, and, after a minute or so, an
nounces that he must go out to a re
ception given by a rich patroness of
music. Ho also guggests that, now that
ho is cured, Carlotta begin writing
Carlotta is upset and confesses to
him, "I thought, 'He's afraid of me bo
coming one of his?bad habits, and
he's trying to break himself.'" (With
her hands she again stops Diaz from
spr-aking.) "And when you began to
talk about my next novel 1 thought,
.'His idea is to find me a little. gentlo
ladylike occupation so that the daya
won't be too long for me and I shan't
worry him.' And, and (sob) fourthly
and last'.y, when you rushed orf to
Lady Steinberg,3 it secmed as if
there'd beon a competition between
your eareer and your Carlotta, and
the care?r had got tho first prize."
Now everything which has happened
during the scene upholds the sound
noss of Carlotta's judgment, but in
order that tho audience shall not go
home unhappy Arnold Bennett mak^s
Diaz take off his hat and coat, declare
undying love ar.d propose marriage.
Our favorite character in the play is
Mrs. Sardis, the other novelist, who
says: "I always say what a godsend
it must be to a publisher, even if he is
a pushing man, when he finds an
author whose books the public will in
sist on buying?in spite of tho strange
business methods of publisliors. And
yet some publishers aren't satisfied
with taking nearly all the money; they
want the glory, too. I know I left my
last publisher because he always gave
the impressioT that, in addition to pub
lishing my books, he wrotc them."
; are ln a terriblo condition of disrepair.
| Perfect sanitary conditions in the
streets tend to the healthfulness of a
I city, and at the present time this, the
1 greatest and wealthiest city on the west
| orn continent, does not come under
these conditions, MEDICUS.
New York, Jan. 29, 1920.
To the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Sir: To-day, while riding in a Broad?
way surface car, two men wearing thc
uniform of the United States Army en?
tered and began selling books, the sum
thus raised being for the benefit of sol?
diers wounded in the war. It seems
a strange state of affairs, when one
considers the millions of dollars raised
by all sorts of means for war purposes,
that men who have given moro than life
--their usefulness as citizens, and their
health and Btrength?-that we might live
in peace should be reduced to such a
pitifully humiliating way of relieving
If Colonel Roosevelt were here to
speak, I think he would say: "Give this
money intended for a building to my
memory to a committee and establish a
trade school and dormitory for wounded
soldiers, a fund for soldiers* widows and
George Washington, our immortal
President, did not need an enormously
oxpensive building to keep his deeds
and memory green, nor would Colonel
Roosevelt desire it did he know of it.
New York, Jan. 28, 1920. A. C.
A Sensitive Red
To tho Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: That teacher of English in De |
Witt Clinton High School who resigned
yesterday, before he was thrown out
of tho schools for disloyal utteranccs
nnd Socialist propaganda, is "an amusin'
little cuss." He plaintively brays, in
his letter to Superintendent Tildsley:
. . . You have made the schools
an unhappy place for any eensitive
American who refuses to accept your i
own individual conception of what con
Btitutes Americaniem." Yet it is a curi
ous fact that all theso "eensitive
'Americans'" that infest our schools are i
Ruasian Jew Bolsheviki or "Reds," who I
have abused our very lax naturalizatlon j
laws and are daily spreading their radi- !
cal poison among the pupils of our
New York, Jan. & 1920.
A New Figure in French Poli.
tics With an Old Name
; To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Leon Daudet, who mado tho
\ vitriolic attaek on Julei? Steeg a few
days ago becau**e of his selection ai
Minister of tho Interior in the M;!',e
I rand Cabinet, and which result ! n
'thrvc h und red Deputiea m the French
Chamber standin-f mute and refuaing
to vote in *!i'i support of the min try
j is a new .star in the political i rrnamtnt
'? of France. He is a modern Jur,:ri?_
! Like Cleroenceau, who as a journa. ?*.
i bitterly attacked everybody ai d every
! thing, Daudet has ripen t* ?
power by attacking a powerful govern?
ment clique in France.
With the cel<*brated Charles Maurrai
who wields a gentler nnd moi
i pen, he is one of the directettra poli
tiques of "L'Action Francaise," _
Parislan daily paper which during the
; war rose from a circulation of 21
200 000. Daudet'a bludgeon hil t
and left. Hi<i knowledge of French
1 politics ls a*tonishlng.
Daudet ir> the son of A'nhcns'- Daa
det, the great French hurr rist ai i
novelist. Iii-" ur.cle was d
ris an historian. Thus, in i; wi 5
: herits his nen. It is due to him, more
perhap-* rhnn any other ona mai
the Caillaux-Malvy consplracy waa flls
covered. Clemenceau at
to believe. Ho was not a* I
friendly terms with Daudet ?:.' , had
hammered Clemenceau for his faifure
to vote prep'-ratory war expi nses, but
: both men are intensely patrii tic, and
Clemericeau, finally convinced by ifau
det's proofs, rose in the Senate and ..->
nounced Malvy, Minister of t "?
: terior at the time, a?. a traitor ro his
country. That waa tho be?
r.ew day for France. A deli ?
days would have made different hls
. tory. It would ther. h-*vr* been "
to expose the conspiracy, and very
likely Foch's appointment to tha
Rupremo eomj-uand would not have
been pos .-ible.
It waa Daudet v.-ho, two years b?
fore the war, published his book
"L'Avant-Guerre," in which he out
lined the preparatlons of Germany for
war against France, showing with a
wealth of documentation and fact the
, in.sidious Fapping and mining that
were going on in every quarter, politi?
cal, economic, educational and mili?
tary. Daudet's expose waa met with
derisive laughter. Th--*y dismi
with a shrug. He had the "spy bu-j,"
they said. The French did not even
seriously consider hia evidence But
Daudet wns not easily discouragod.
After the war began he kept hammer
ing away in "L'Action Francaise."
Now he has been elected to the
Chamber from Paris, and his malden
speeeh was a biting arraignment of
?Ste--g, who was at one time Minister
of Public Instruction and whose selec?
tion for that office was believe! by
many ln France to have been a part of
Germany's comprehensive scheme for
undermining the ideal-* of France.
Steec- ii* of German ancestry.
Here is a samplo of Daudet's Junius
like invective, lifted from ne of his
editorials in "L'Action Francaise'
his election as a Deputy. Afl
scribing the efforts of tl ? *: ? ??? - ? rn
ment of Franca to prevent h ex
posure of the "gangsters" w
betraying France in the early - ?.-? of
the war and the suppre?sior of "L'Ac?
tion Francaise" for two week.- Daudet
"To-day it i-* finished with a laugh,
and they can believe me when I affirm
that the dirty linen of the ni terial
gang from August, 1914, to '.' nber
1917, will bo comp'k'tciy wa ! ;
and el ewhere, in --public. Frai ? II
know her exploiters and the ex* rs
of her hard, bloody, sublime, victori
ous effort, in spite of all."
Evidently Daudet intenda to keep hi?
! word. Ho is an evangel of the new?or
rather the old?spirit of France.
C. P. CONNOLLY.
East Orange, N. J., Jan. 80, 1920.
Where Ameriea Is a Joke
To the Editor of The Tribune:
Sir: A column on your front page
to-day report ing the progress 0f the
Fall committee movea me to writeand
say that the United States to-day is
considered a joke in Mexico.
Amerieans reeeive no protection to
spcak of from the government in any
foreign country. That haa been a
notorioua fact for years. Ihit when a
next to uncivilized country 5 al
to arrest our sailors and Boldiers and
hold them indefinitelv, when our peo?
ple are killed daily and n ith -
done, when women are mlstreated and
tortured, when millions in Ameriean
property aro ruined, destroyed and con
flacated and still nothing is d
yond notes, then it is time to make an
issue of such a condition in the next
Amerieans are ea<?<- going a^d en
dure much, but I'U ve<*ture to sav that
even those who have no fr en Js and
relatives ln this pest-hole will strong
ly favor the adoption of a strong
Plank to the effect that the United
States take care 0f her people and
make them and herself respected
wherever they may be. C. W.
Huntlngton, L. L, jan. 30, 1920.
A Matter of Forrn
! From The Kaneas City Star)
It appears that Carranza is going to
tnake his people hold another election,
which he will boss himself, and conse
quently win himself. N0 doubt the Mex?
ican people get awfully tired of Car
ranza'g electiona, as Kipling's cooliesdid
of the railroad contractor who raffled
off the bejcweled sedan chair every pay
day, but, liko the coolies, the Mexicans
can do nothing about it except step up
The Declaration Up to Date
(From Tho St. LouU Globe-Dewcrrat)
A Philadmlphian point* out that since
we havo bo many movements to uplift
you for "your own good" the Declara?
tion of Independence should have said
that men are created equal and inalien
ably entitled to life, liberty and tha
purauit of other r*-**nle'a..hi*-ppines?.