Newspaper Page Text
Vote Is Pledged
To Party That
Rises to Times
Self-Determinatioi. at Home
and Co-operation Abroad
Are Said To Be the Basis
of New World Policies
Free Speech Is Defended
Effective Cheek on Prof.
iteerinji Is Declared Best
Cure for Public Unrest
To the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Sir: II - November I will east my
5rst vote at a Presidential election. T
? heionir to no political party; my vote is
not pledged beforehand. It will be my
earnes to support that party
sr. I those men who, in my opinion,
mosi nearly stand for true American
:sir. whosi ctory will mean safetj
ar.d ri"1 '?1 ?'">' for thia country and
its < ' zens
I wiil vote for the party that is alive
to thi new spirit in the world, tho
party w! recognizes clearly that
mci c mtrj calla for solf-detcrmina
tion witl '- own boundaries, but co?
operation an 1 mutual aid in the settle
m??' ; itional problems.
wrill v t( for the party which will
ke op] unalterably to any abroga
' of free speech and
? - -??? the party which will guar
antee i ' ies their right to agi
- and by any lawful
y their command. but which
i 11 turn exact from minorities by
the calrn force of its just dealing tl r
pledge to Ie by thc expressed will
of the l
I ti for the party that has not
; ? ie case between capital ai cl
labor, thi party that will make its de
? ssly and without regard to
the istei es of either organizi d
' ? nized labor,. the party |
ees that the time has come for
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The most difficult thing,
by naturc, for the American peo-'
ple to do is thc most. important
thing to which the next admin?
istration ean give its attention:
the avoidance of cxtremes.
On the one hand, we have the
Soviet government of Russia;
on the other, the despotism of
Wood row Wilson. and both as
suming to furnish "ideal de
Neither is satisfactory.
Formerly we had numberless
saloons and unlimited whisky.
Now, the farmer may be sent to
jail for leaving his sweet cider
in his cellar.
the final judgment as Tn whether group I
privilege shall rule our country in the
future or thv rights and comforts of
the whole people as citizens.
I will support the party which rec
ognizes that the present unrest. may
be wholly allayed by immediate and
sincere efforts at a reduction of the
cost of living, not by "fair price" com-1
mitteea or by time-consuming, half-1
hearted investigafions, but by a de
termination of a maximum price. which '
shall be maintained over a definite
length of time or until more settle.1
conditions return, and by real and ear
nest prosecution of those men who are
taking advantage of the times to exact
a usurious rate of interest for money
? '.vested. * E. B.
Lan to "Make Lynching Federal
Crime Declared Desirable
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Republican platform should
eontain a plank wherein it promises to
make lynching a Federal crime. 1
would suggest, too, that the party serve
notice that nll Federal amendments
hereafter will be rigidly enforced,
JUL1US A. THOMAS.
133 West 140th Street, City.
T K E STORY OF REVILLON FURS
"7777^ ~-^J~^ ' '^^'*. - - "^V ^-.-. >> . . ^"^v ?T'~~~"*
'?'ST """"""'?Vv'"--"-"?^-- - '?"? ?>? ??'-- ? '"-'
^*7py- ? V L,r^-"&- - ?': . ? . ^:
?*=. '? ?*.-- ."''"?"'., :^'^jS.i- ? .^Cy_r^v:^
*"."-"' ^*L * ""'1 ' ^c'y/i^' -7v^'
^ .\^-g-.s:;^-'^'>JL-^'r^^*''~*--i---^ i'^'^'-g "rT'rrr? gi
This Revillon trading post is on the bleak
and lonely shores of Hudson's Stfaits, opposite
Baffin Land, which at this point is only about
40 miles distant. The building at the right
is the post trader's house; at the extreme left
is the warehouse for trading goods, and near
it the building where raw furs are stored.
The tents are the homes of Eskimos who
soon learn to use the more convenient and
portable canvas in place of heavy hide.
Fifth Avenue at 53rd Street
I I millilHIII ??!! WI ilHM jj
Is your boy about to plunge into the business
world? Or is he already employed amid uncon
genial surroundings, at work that he does not
like, or where opportunities for advancement are
not as plentiful as they might be?
A boy's future often depends upon where hc
starts life's battle. His first position should bc
selected with thc greatest of care, and should an
error be made in this selection it should be recti
fied as early as possible.
Progressive business men are ever in scarch of
boys who really want to make good. Every issue
of the New York Tribune contains "Help
Wanted" advertisements holding out excellent
opportunities for real, live, red-blooded boys.
Why not call your son's attention to them ?*
If you do not find advertised a position that
you think will suit your boy, why not have an
advertisement inserted in the New "xork
Tribune? Just call np the Good Morning Girl,
Beekman 3000, and give the advertisement over
the phone. Bill will be sent later.
Neither condition ia satisfac
Of old we welcomed hordes nf
immigrants, without respect to
their purpose or ability, because
they furnished chcap labor.
Now we would put up the bars
Moderation, good sirs, mod
eration in all things, and let us
make haste slowly.
We are already burdened
with too many laws, too many
taxes and too much government.
Let us avoid too quick and too
sweeping re forms.
FRANK R. CHAMBERS Jr.
Candidate, Not Platform,
Declared Real Question
People Not Interestcd in Hair
To tho Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Tribune. liko some other
papers, has taken a fling at Mr. Sweet,
who is trying to do a good job.
All hands seem to jump at this oc?
casion as good political bait. No doubt
there are lots of technical points to
fight over. which you can string out
fcr some time. But who wants to vote
for the Repubiicaai party unless it in
tends to help clean up the country, as
they are trying to do now in Albany?
If sincere efforts should be made by
newspapers to kelp kill some oi the
fool laws which are br? ? ding anarch *ts
faster than we can get rid ot" them
some good might be gaincd. We are
not interestcd in hair-splitt ng teehni?
calities. The lessons ot' the war seem
to do but little good. i'he newspapers
seem to be no better ;;.;.;i tl e rotti n
olitics which is the cui. c of ':.:.- . i un
You are now i sking the public to
"?'"'''? R< Publi :an platf : n planks a
une idea, as far as it goes. But what'p
the use of a pretty ? latf rm unlei s we
have a real i lan I .<??. ol t? You know
:''-'''>? well that i. good man can be
found; thal ' ither party probably will
?"'? I ;' ??'- !'i.; that thi . v, ant a man
he party can ru;.. So, un! --: you are
?;' ing the . i: gai ? . w] y nol c 'iii
1 ?' jn tln 01 .:. make a b . t: se i:: ...
a . nan l o ri '.??? the c iii:
? ;y ? Wo ' .;:: stand it now, aft< r thi
?'?: ? h of I mons the Democ rat , have
handi d to us.
I ? lieve that if the Rcpubiica ? ? il
up a r :ii mai i lm< ar.v ? .
able platform will be ? .. ort 1 by both
Democrats and Re . V
ail sick of the u ual I ?? ? IV] ?. . i
surpri 5 > the cr< wd and 1 ?: for a real
man instead of playing . ?;', rms"
CHARLES II. ? ASEAU.
134 East Thirty-fourth Stre. t. Citv.
Expuls-iom of Socialist
To tiie Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Mr. Ii. Young offi - tho follow?
ing proposition, formulated, n .
with ai; oy<- cocked* t iv ?? : Albanv,
where the program of the Socialisl
party is on trial:
"Ti:.' Republican party : idges
?*'*?.?? I hat ? ?.???-'. ri pr nt tivi
lav fullj :1< ? d by ?
reta n bis s at, ?. iatevi r his political
opinions, proi 'ci, d onl hat the i
ber in question shall m t bo
sentence or await ing en u'ndei
Lhe laws of tiie coun; ?.
It is generallj coi ci ded that I is
government i a ;r< v . . of thi
majority; its presei | he wish
of the maj": ity. It pro des for all
changes in the departments of thi L
islature, judici iry and i dm ni; I rai m
by due and peaceful pn cess of 1 . ..
1 here are, on t;i" ol me p
litical faiths which pi ??? ?? r thi
forcibie disposil or thi . nmi nt
in order that a governmei * of a i ? ?
minority may sway ar* . bi ry rule.
It must be admitted that these two
nrograms are incompatible. Their de
votees cannot woil; together in unison
An advocate of force elected to the
Legislature of the presenl form of
government is an insldious borer from
within, n monkey wrench in the ma
ehinery of the government of the ma?
jority, who takes his 3eat f po sible)
not for the good of tnat goveimment i v
majority, but for tl e c il | ;n ?? ? ol
the aforesaid minority.
I have no dou * ihal M i V mi g
wishes to tfivo the Kocialist party ;.
fair chance. We all do. But if it:
program is of r,uch a nature that r
preaches the overthrow of the goven
ment by force instead of by the law
l the essential basis of our government
and Constitution', then there no
room for its devotees as working un ta
of our government.
A. II. RODICK,
3G0 Marion Street, Brooklyn, N, Y.
Not Alibis, but.
Catchwords aml Phrases Are j
1 Declared to Mean Noth?
ing Unless They Can Be
Translated Into Action |
Americanisni First Issue
Reverence for Authority, I
Rule of Majority and
Tolerance for Minority
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The unexpressed but none the
less strongly implied demand of tho
American public to-day is not more
politics, but less politics. The voters
aro disgusted with catchwords, fine
phrases, mero mouthinjrs which do not
translate themselves into deeds. A
world of philosophy is containcd in the
apt re;n;Kh of Colonel House recently,
when he said. "Everything has been
said that can be said.''
Ii. the present period of recon- '
[ struction the country requires states
men, not politicians; doers, not ora
Ltors; accomplishmcnts, not alibis; pol
icies, not eagaries. Tho problems >f
labor nnd canital, Bolshevism, immi
gration, laxation, government control
or ownership, foreign attitude and the
many other vital issucs that cry for
solution must he faced with decision,
. not vacillation, with definiteness, not
The predominant Issue in the com?
ing campaign is to bo Americanisrn.
'?':" proper handling of thc multitudi
"? ? '? ions denends on an ade- j
quate conception of what constitutes
Americanisrn. '? is not a fatuous lau
dation of our great great ness ; rather is
ilthy, | : ..ct ical application of:
traditional principles to current re-!
quirements'. Aniericanism is foundcl.
upon .-. n spectful reverence for con
tuted ithoi ity, the clear right of the
majority to rule, a generous tolerance'
of the minority. Observance of these!
three general rules should provide am
P??? justice for those who have griev-|
unces, plenty of freedom for those who
havi honi t differences, and enough I
oppertunity for changes by lawfu!
m. ans. '
AmT ricanism stands not for "America
First"?that implies doubt, as if there
wero secondary choices?but for
"America Only." There has been en
tin -. too much interjection of Euro?
pean affairs among us, far too much
- " ?' ' raciai elements. The coun-:
!: niusl be purgeu" of ai! alienism;
' ,A ?- the time to root it out. As
Americans we can solve our own prob?
lems, so thal every class, every race,
evei y sect i lay be satisficd,
Let us make the Monroe Doctrine a
persona] lod rine,
WILLIAM S. SCHAEFER.
Wi stfield, X. J.
Rftiirn !o Republican
Methotls INow Essential
Important !*>ues Set Aside to
Promote Ilarmoninus Ac?
tion to VS in the War
? ? thc Editor of i"?: e Tribune.
r: Ii . ian.\ ways, during thc la I
few years the issues for which the Re
pubii 11 j artj stand i have been cloud
? ? iuc pr marily to n d< sire to pull
tojrether tl the partj in power fi -
iccessful < iclu . m of the great
v ar, throwing a ;ide al! partisanship
? ??? ?????? ' .: partj differences for the
can e oi America How well that ten;-'
poru i'X -.'- ion i politics served
'?; ? m w i : tor;, ; b it the period of
recons ruction is at hand.
ln ?? . ? e\v era the principles which]
guideid our nation through its most
successful years, the constructivc
prin iples of the Republ ican par! y,
must be reaffirmed and amended to meet
the exigencies of the chaiiRing times. j
The ideaa ar.d views <jf oir rank und
file should be collected and published
broadcast, so that a!! may read, con
sider, debate and improve on them, so ;
the wheat may be separated from tho j
chafi and the most comprehensive, con
?"-?? and constructive platform possible
condensed from the eontributions.
To this . nd I know of no better me- |
in than thia worthy undertaking of
?'?? iTork Tribune, and if every
:: ' can new s lapei in the country,
lles i " party affiTia! >ns, would
undertaki a simi ar campaign and all
party y... fi ?... i ihould be l a sed upon !
; he oul come ? :' their research, our
problems of reconstruction would soon]
be mastercd, and wo would soon see
the i nd of :;: lusl rial misunderstai d
ings, radicalism, Bolshevism and many
1 ? ' ? rfl iou i "ism i," and our
1 ? " the nation i of the world
would be pi mptly and firmly taken.
FRANK. R. JOHNSON JR.
317 Branchport Avenue. Long Branch,
Conditions of the Platform Cont
''TtHE Republican National Convention wil
candidates and draft a platform "or
should its planks be ?
The Tribune believes you ought to have
planks. lt oirers you an opportunitj to
The Tribune invites you to submit your planks aneUto write letters
abcrut tho planks proposed by o : rea lers through its columns.
For the best plank and letters of discussion The Tribune offera
the following pr'.zes:
meet in June to nominata
ti.e 1920 campaign. What
i chance to help write these
get your ideas before tho
For the best plank .
For the second best plank .
For cach of the eight next best planks
For the best IctU-r a daily prize of
For the best letter in the ?ho!e competition
THE TRIBUNE will make up a
platform of ten planks to bo
determined by your votes.
Every plank submitted and every
letter advocating a plank will bo
counted as a vote for tho issue
The ten issues receiving the
most votes will be the planks of
the final platform. The ten pianks
that best express the chosen issues
will be selectexl by the judges for
the priie awards.
The Tribune believes in short
platforms. It lioaits each plank to
100 words. In judging betueen two
planks or letters of equal merit
the shorter will be chosen.
Every plank and letter must
bear the name and address of the
ser.der. although only initials or a
nom de plume will be published
*.f the writer so desires.
The contest will close April 30,
1920. A manuscript mailed be?
fore midnight on that day at any
plac? in the United States will b'a
Manuscripts will not be re?
turned, even if stamps accor.*.
The judges of the contest will
be three of The Tribune'a editors.
They will award the prizes, basing
their decisions on sound thinking
and brevity, clearness and strength
of statement. ^
Security Guaranteed to AII
The Republican party, recognizing
the danger of encouraging growth of
antagonized and hence solid-voting
bodies of races or peoples in our midst,
plcclg*es itself to securo to every
Ameriean, irrespectivo of color, sex or
place of birth, the democratic right
of trial by jury; steady maintenance
of the rights and powers of repre
sentative and parliamentary bodies
as security against the autocracy of
all executives; the defense of every
claim. of tho Bill of Rights ns ex
pressed in the Ameriean Declaration
of Indepcndence and made operative
in the Constitution of the United
States of Ameriea.?Kva Madden,
1115 Amsterdam Avenue, City.
Group Interests Subordinate
The Republican party pledges it?
self to work not in the interest of
group. class or party, but in the
intere-*t of the people ,of tho United
States. F. R. Dulles, 85 Fulton Hall,
Help for Railroads
As the circulatory system of tho
country's commercial and industrial
body the railroads must he given
an ple nourishment, not. alone to
maintain life, but to grow us the de?
mand for increased transportation
and community distribution grows.
To t'ai^ end adequate rnt.es must be
established to compensate for cx
penses incurred by the system in
rendering its s.ervice. Morcovor,
such rates must be made high enou^ri
to yield a fair return on invested
capital and thus attract additional
capital as needed. To stint the roads
:.. to impede the country's natural
development.?A. Y. Cowen, 120
Broadway, New York City.
A Budget System
We demand a decrease in govern?
ment exponditurc and a correspond- !
ing decrease in taxes by means of a ;
budget system.?W. I). B.
Treaty With Reservations
The acceptance and confirmation
of tho peace treaty, subject to such
reservations as will hold our gov- j
ernment free from entanglements I
which would result from o*bligations j
to respond in military, naval, or
financial power to calls for assist- '
ance from either major or minor na?
tions, preserving the right to judge
of and pass upon each particular
case upon its own merits as evi- ?
denced by full Congressional vote.
?T. G. H. W.
Government Controlled Profits
The Republican party pledges itself
to a "government controlled co- '
operative law," whereby the govern?
ment, stockholder, employee and
consumer shall share in the profits
of any concern; the percentage of
protits to be fixed by Congress and
all corporations capitalizing above a
fixed amount to incorporate under
the laws of the Federal government ;
instead of states.?W. C. S., Hoboken, i
Price Mark on Necessities
We believe the primary cause of
the wave of unrest now sweeping
over the country may Bo traced to
the inordinatcly high cost of living.
We. therefore, urge immediate and
specific action in dealing with the
problem3 arising from these abnor
mal conditions, believing that prof
iteering in commodities essential to
living best can be curbed by Federal
enactment of legislation requiring,
bo far as may be found practicable
and consistent with correct business
methods, labeling or stamping of ar?
ticles of clothing and footwear, cpn
tainers of food products, etc, with
their selling prices to the ultimate
consumcrs.- Frank Ellis Bebout, 544
North Tenth Street, Philadelphia.
Definite Policy in Mexico
To secure from infringement the
rights of Amerieans in Mexico and
to render our southern border safe
from attaek are among the lirst
duties of the government. To this
end we believe a definite policy uni
formly asserted far more effectual
than neglect alternated with unsup
ported threats. If armed interven
tion seems the only method certain
to maintain Ameriean ri<rhts, then
intervention should be thorough and
complete; the. cooperation of other
strong Ameriean republics should be
invited; and a stable, independent
government should be established.
TTius no motives of sclf-seeking may
be imputed to us.- A. T. Otis, -'3 Du
senbury Place, White Plains, N, Y.
Monopoly of Labor Limited
We recommend enactment of suit?
able laws to limit the monopolism
and despotism of the labor unions,
no less than those statutes which
now define the lawful rights of cap?
ital and combinations of capital, be?
cause we believe that these forces
have equal power to harm the gen?
eral public, if unrestrained.?A. H.
Rodiek, 300 Marion Street, Brooklyn,
Party Warned Against
Bhinder by Convention
Failure of Leaders to Recojmize
Public Sentiment an Invi
tation to Defeat
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I road ?vith interest the plank
suggestions. Nearly every one seeain
to take it for gran-ed that the r.ext
Administration will be Republican, buc
that depends on who the nominee for
President may be.
I In 1912 the Republican N'ational Con?
vention blundered when it refused to
nouiinate Theodore Roosevelt. ths peo
ple's choice; and, fortunately for tha
Republican party, made the same blun
dcr in 191t>.
Twice the lesdei^ have beer. against
the people's choice; so what assurance
have we that they will not repeat th9
blunder atnl cause another Democratic
President to be elected?
My s.light experience in politics
taught me long ago that when a party
-. s sure u i> going to elect its candi
date it is in the most danger of de
feat. General Leonard Wood is ths
people's choice this year. They believa
him competent and trustworthy. The
leaders don't want him because they
can't control him. Is it the people or
thu political r;!:jr that will have tha
say? OLIN J. GARLOCK.
17.1 Walnut Street. Philadelphla, Pa.
Sanity and Moderation Urged
the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Li these troubled times tha
Republican party commits itself to a
policy of sanity and moderation. Tha
radical rabbie which preaches revolu
tion and practices violence and tha
reactionary rascal who a'. each pro?
posed propre.-sivo sten become*
alarmed and shouts "Treason!" aro
;equally repupnant to us. One would
destroy the edifice of our democratic
jjovernment and institutions with dyna-?
mite; the other would gnaw at their
foundations by abridging the Consti
tution-given rights of free speech and
representation. The Republican party
has no patience with either element;
moderation and sanity are its guides
ir. the present world-wide upheaval.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN PLAXT
"ry* sj~~ Jspy *,*-* %e^T
Is the Near East at
the Zero Hour?
LSTAPHA KEMAL BET sets up a government in opposition
to the Sultan's at Constantinople! Halideh Hanum, beautiful
and remarkable woman leader of Turkey, calls on the people to
burn Constantinople before it shall become the creature of Kurope's old
time diplomacy! Enver Pasha, friend and chief agent of the Germans,
suddenly reported out of hiding, as King of the wild Kurds! The native
nationalist parties of Egypt, Arabia, Turkey, threatening union and
appeal to religious fanaticism! And Boishevisim beckoning alluringly!
The Ameriean MAGAZINE on the Orient
Contents of the current
issue of Asia
Men and Things as the Turk Sees Them
? Jltrbert Adams Gibbons
The Zero Hour in the Near East. ?Jackson Flemint
The Sultan Looks Westward.?Philip Manhall Brown
A Mandate ? Does Arr.erica Qualify?
The Ameriean Idea ? Caa It Work??Talcoit Williams
What Wc Showed in the Philippines?Paul Monroe
Halideh Hanum, Turkey's Feminist Le^c'cr
Is the Caliphate in the Melting Votl?Frederick J. Bllss
Turks?and Turks.? T'r.eron J. Damon
I New Trails in Trade.?Lewis Reck
The Weaver.?//. ,-/. Nowreddin Addis
OfF the Map Into Afghanistan. ? A. C. Jnceit
The Japanese Laborer...?S-n Katayama
HanJ Crattsmen of Japan. ?Pictorial Ir,:fTt
Mongolia?The Texas of Asia.?Lutktr Anderson
China's Stirring Nationalism?Th.e Old Cicr.t Awakes
Bcneath the Crags of Kashmir.?V. C. Scott O'Connor
Weaving the Orient Into Ameriean Industry
?M. D. C. Crawjori
Go to Your Nearest Book
IOOR through the current issue of
~i ASIA and aee for yourself how
filled witb new interest this magazine
is. You will be travcliing on a broad
highway to a land of fascination. From
no other majjazinc, book or newspaper
can you get a cross-section view of the
new international order, the lives of
Oriental peoples and our relation to
ther.i, as that which Asia opens up. Be?
cause our January printing ia nearly four
times as large as it was a year ago, and
because it is a special number ? two
magazines ia one?publication has been
slightlydelaved. New stands have only
a limited supply. ASIA is on sale only
at the best stands; get your oopy today;
35 cents; $3.00 yearly.
in its special Near Eastern number gives a
fascinating array of facts and stories ? a cross
section indeed of the spirit of the Near Eastern
masses?silent victims of European imperialism
on one hand and of the unspeakable corruption of
the Turkisii rulir-g class on the other. The
old lands of the orjgin of man are a boilingcal
dron of suspicion and race jealousy.
What rheir future will be. wc in Ameriea
must help decide. Our future is bound up with
theirs. It is not merely a question of humanity
but of self-interest that compels us to lend a
hand. How they really think?what they really
do ?is fascinatingly told in ASIA.
The Golden Highway to
an Enchanted Land
From no other source could you get so
well rounded ? and absorbingly entertaining?a
picture of these peoples and problems new to
Ameriea as in this magazine.
In this number, Herbert Adams Gibbons,
famous Ameriean correspondenr who knows the
Turk from intimate contact with him, tells fas?
cinating tales of him that ieave with you a
vivid picture of Turk character.
Jackson Pleming, whose revcalins arrklrs about tbe
?Near East you have been followini*- ;n ASIA this month,
throws a searching light upon the rising power of new
national feehng in the Near East, that will explode
Thercn J. Damon draws intimate pictures of the men
who have been hiding ail the way from iJerim to Constan?
tinople?new younR leaders and the ol 1 fajse leaders who
are feverishly planning schemes that boue no good.
w i'VJC\.-i^lp 1*y*-;--'s^a-- Brown, member of the Peace Commission, tells the personal storv of
\\alud td-din the new Sultan who !>?oks westward. But all this is just a be-inning. Read'how
T l'u ?vornen~*-n-- men too?are under the spell of Halideh Hanum, one of rhe most beautiful of
lurkish women who long ago let down her veil and is nowleading her people tointeHecrjalindependence.
_ Talcott Williams, born in Turkey, one of America's leading journalists, aftd Paul Monroe, educa
tionalist, who knows how Ameriea acted in the Philippines, tell of our htness as a mandate power.
Two Big Magazines in One
This special Near Eastern section is a magazine in itself. It is only a part of ASIA for January,
Fhich has m its other pages a story by an Ameriean engineer, one of the few Amerieans who have been
in the country since 1840?of little-known Afghanistan now in the world's calcium light at war with
eau Ltain' The wonc*er!- of -*-e p!--ins of Mongolia as the next great supply of the world's meat
as told by Luther Anderson, stimulate the imagination.
ASIA PUBLISHING COMPANY
627 Lexington Avenue, New York