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ADVERTISED IN THE
TIUBUNE IS GUARANTEED
VoL. LXXIX No. 26,742
Now \ovh Trlbt'iic Inc.l
First to Last- the Truth: Nevs ? E?.torials Advertisements
_ TUESDAY. FEBRUARY .'!, ]<);><)-~~~~
Generally fair to-day and to-morrow;
moderate west wind?.
Full report on last paga
* * * *
two rvvTO *In iir'oter N?>w York ?nd I THREE CENTS
TWO IK.NTM , W|thin commuting <li?tanc? | Elsewhere
Tie Up City
Industries and All Public
Utilities, Including I. R.
T., Face Possible Shut
Down if Supply Fails
Seizure of Cars by
Rail Board Blamed
price Fixing and Condi?
tion of Weather Help
to Cause Fuel Crisis
.Threats of a paralyzing coal
famine for New York and the sur?
rounding manufacturing district
Vere added yesterday to the influ?
enza epidemic as an obstacle to in?
Unless cars can he found to bring
the fuel already mined from the an?
thracite district to the city, coal men
aclare that many big plants, includ?
ing public utility corporations, will
be forced to close their doors.
An unprecedented freight car
gborta&e, government price fixing
and weather conditions are all cred?
ited with combining to empty the
city's coal bins and prevent them
from beinp refilled. A canvass of
wholesale dealers in this city yes?
terday indicated that a mine receiv?
ing 60 per cent of its normal quota
of cars was the exception. A mine
uith half its care requirements was
described as a lucky one, while many
were struggling to do business with
a far smaller percentage of cars than
the lower figure.
Railroads Commandeur Coal
? On the day the bituminous coal min?
e's wa'.keci out, November 1, the "20,000
sars of coal then in transit, either on
railroad sidings or moving toward their
fegtinations, were commandeered by
Iroad administration. Much of
thjs -vas New York and New England
oi id fuel.
Ccal dealers whose coal was taken
tl at they still are unable to learn
he ..hereabouts of the coal or the
?arg, and many months more may
.)-? before they get either. Some of
che oars have been reported as far west
? S H Lake City and as far .south as]
lis ?ssippi. The Illinois Central Rail
road alone has a record of 3.512 cars
,us ..ken. with a value of $526,820.
i Meanwhile the city's public utilities
irporatiorts have been forced to re
,oprt to numerous novel devices to keep
?c:r nres going. Kuel is being brought
?y shin from Hampton Roads by the [
?' e\v York ?dison Company at an added
..pense estimated at from $2 to $3 a
' ?>n over the figure fixed by the govern?
or::. ( lost of double lighterage, de?
murrage and other incidentals to this
method of fuel handling are responsible
or the added price.
Fires Ranked Awaiting Fuel
One branch of a big Brooklyn cor
ira*ion was forced to bank its fires
for fourteen hours while buyers were!
?living over the Pennsylvania coal
id in search of emergency fuel. The
interborough subway has been kept go?
ng by buyers who have increased the ;
rapidly diminishing supply of fuel by
emergency orders wherever they might :
oe tilled. Subway officials said yester- '
day that the situation was somewhat
better, but far from solved.
Government price fixing and compli?
cations that have resulted from this '
arrangement following the coal strike
are declared to have played an important
part in the present shortage. Under ,
the cost arrangement provided at the
conclusion of the strike settlement the '
average price for coal mined in central
Pennsylvania is $2.95 "on the open i
market." But the difficulty with this
figure, according to the seeker after !
fuel, is that there is no open market.
Bunker coal may be sold, under the i
tOTernment's scale, at $1.35 premium !
over the price fixed for local consumers. ;
In this provision the government fol- !
lowed the British plan, which was !
worked out on the theory that the for- ',
eigner should pay a profit that might ?
Bot be exacted from the local con
turner. Another provision, later reached
oy the government price fixers, was
that this new agreement should not I
interfere with contracts previously \
reached between dealer and consumer, i
Flaws in System Seen
The two exceptions to the original |
Pfice arrangement are the flaws in the !
?yatem that operated to wipe out the
open market supply, say the big deal?
ers. Many of the biggest dealers had '
contracts that included a provision
calling for an increase in price equal
to any increase in the cost of labor
??ring the period of the agreement,
such contracts are permitted to add
?pet cent to coal so sold.
Many of the mines have contracts
Vjat will take their entire output, if
"?'rabie, and it is not surprising that
cL ;'.'.Clr coal now is ??inK ?nder
..!.,' 8aid one dealer interviewed
P?Mday. -Others can hardly be cen
retefl for seeking the bunkering trade
mivil ,l. If P"nntted to charge a prc
mi^ of $1.36 a ton for this business."
me total of coal taken at the be?
ginning of the coal strike by the rail
2w?LRdministration is estimated at
?000 tons. PractiaaHy all of this.
au?*?a8u,diverted. fef?m the East and
dE Wfcs.f: -bn"the theory that the
state, ''' the Middle and Western
? ?J?*uld be in the most desperate
com of lhe problems that suddenly
J^ronted the railroad administration
"jS the conclusion of the strike came
>w the discovery that thousands of
39 of expensive anthracite coal and
an' 0r dust> were standing on tracks
g ??troit. Consumers refused to take
9t coal, which they had not ordered,
855** oi the higher price, the added
. J?nt charges and demurrage.
?22* the railroad administration re
con to accePt the decision of the
?niumers. A coal embargo was or
sult ?i1against the 3t?te, with the re
?i,. v &t consumers were fttarved into
M>ng the coal that had been sent
B ?em during the strike. The fuel
]j*'Jonsumed before the embargo was
Is th* 0? the complaints of coal dealers
^i;"*1 their commandeered coal has
Continued on next page
1 U. S. Agent Kills
Man Boarding Train
; Secret ServiceOfficer Says
Victim Tried to Imper?
sonate an Official
I Earl Mooro, a Secret Service agent,
. shot and killed an unidentified man on
the platform of the New York Central
station at 125th Street last evening.
, The man was clambering: aboard a train
when Moore fired, hitting him beneath
the heart. He died instantly.
The Secret Service man "said he had
been detailed to the station to watch
j for men who have been using bogus
government badges to get passage on
trains. Moore said he stopped the man
; as he was coming up the stairs to the
; platform and asked to see his ticket.
' whereupon, the agent says, the other
flashed a badge in the shape of a five
pointed star, bearing the words "United
States Secret Service." Moore told hitn
he was under arrest.
! The man was six feet three inches in
! height and weighed about 800 pounds.
He tore away from the agent and ran'
: upstairs. Moore called on him to halt
and then, as the fugitive was climbing
aboard a train fired.
When the police arrived Moore was
unable to show credentials and was
| taken to the East 126th Street police
; station, where he later was identified
j by W. W, Flynn, son of Chief William
. J. Flynn, of the Department of Justice.
Deputy Assistant District Attorney
Dineen. of the homicide sauad, was
' notified and after investigation he
ordered Moore's arrest on a charge of
The body of the dend man was also
I token to the East 126th Street Police
? Station and from there to the morgue.
' The man was of dark complexion and
. wore a dark suit, black derby and black
By 'Trick Train '
During a Rush Hour
The Tnterborough sprang its trick
train on the rush-hour crowd in the
Lexington Avenue subway last night
to the vexation and delay of thousands.
The trick train travels with only one
guard, who operates all the doors from
a position in the center car.
Last night when the freak set out
from 167th Street and Jerome Avenue,
bound south, the lone guard was re?
inforced by numerous expert elec?
tricians whose function was to keep
its mechanism operating at full speed
so that there would be no delay at
The mechanism or the crowds were
too much for the corps of electricians.
Delay followed delay. Further and
further behind its schedule fell the
trick train, while passengers piled up
on the platforms of stations ahead and
blocked trains piled up on the tracks
It was intended to run the one
guard train clear through to Brook?
lyn, but by the time it reached Grand
Central station it was evident that
a veritable holocaust of dinners in
that borough would result and the or- I
ders were changed to side-track the i
incubus at City Hall station.
German Workmen Slow, j
Showing Strain of War j
Frozen Beef Set on Shore in
Hamburg Cut Up With Hatch
etM and Eaten Raw
A picture of life in Hamburg, show?
ing how completely the stress of war
had drained the vitality of German
workmen, was sketched by Captain
Adrian Zeeder, master of the American
liner Manchuria, in yesterday from the
famous old German port.
"There is little energy left in the
one-time powerful German longshore?
man," said Captain Zeeder. "The strain
of war and the lack of proper food have
made their mark upon him and he sim?
ply cannot work as he did six years
ago. We had only 5,000 tons of cargo
to remove from our hold, but it took
the Germans eight days of twenty-four
hours each to put it ashore. In peace
times the same number of men would
have unloaded 5,000 tons in forty-eight
hours. Five years of malnutrition was
apparent when we started unloading.
"We set out some frozen quarters of
beef to be used by the German laborers,
but they could not wait until it had
been cooked. As soon as they saw it
they chopped it with hatchets and crow?
bars and ate the frozen chunks raw as
greedily as a hungry lion would tear
meat that had been thrown to him."
1918 Death Rate in U. S.
The Highest on Record
Influenza and Pneumonia Are
Principal Causes of Heavy
WASHINGTON, Feb.' 2.?The death
rate in the United States for 1918 was
the highest on record, according to the
Census Bureau's annual mortality
statistics, issued to-day, which shows
1,471,367 deaths for the year, repre?
senting a rate of eighteen per 1,000 of
ponulation in the death registration
area of thirty states and twenty-seven
cities, with a total estimated popula
| tion of 81,868,104.
Of the total deaths 477,467, or more
' than 32 per cent, were due to influenza
\ und pneumonia, 380,996 having oc
I curred in the last four months of the
' year, when an epidemic of these
I diseases prevailed. The rate for influ
I enza and pneumonia was 583.2 per
i 100,000. Influenza caused 244,681 deaths
i and pneumonia 232,786, showing rates
i of 289.9 and 284.3 per 100.000, re?
spectively, the highest rates which ever
I have appeared for these causes. The
! rate in 1917 for influenza was 17.2 and
for pneumonia 140.8.
Old G. Hog^Back in Hole
| Six Weeks More Winter Prom?
ised as He Sees Shadow
The ground hog yesterday made his
: annual exit from his hole and entrance
. into print. He saw his shadow and re
; turned to his dwelling for six weeks
more slumber. That means, according
to tradition, that winter is going to
hang on until the middle of March.
Being a country resident, the critter
had xxo difficulty in returning to hla
? hole and probably has no idea how
fortunate he is that he didn't come
out upon a New York street to see his
shadow. Anything so underslung as a
1 ground hog would have been sunk with
! out trac? on a city thoroughfare yester
: day. _
? Liberty Bond??$80, ?100, $?O0, $1.000?
c*I? be bought and sohl Instantly.
John Muir & Co., ?1 Hroatlway?-Advt.
ity of the Proceedings
Against the Socialists
Sweet at Helm
Of 'Steam Roller'
Amos Finds It 'Working
Fine' and Refuses to
Press His Two Motions
ALBANY, Feb. 2.?A fresh attack on
the constitutionality of the trial of the
j five suspended Socialists was made to
' night on the floor of the Assembly by
Assemblyman .1. Fairfax McLaughlin,
of The Bronx.
As on almost every other occasion
when any one rose to question the
ousting of the Socialists or to utter a
word in their defense, the Speaker
ruled the matter out of order.
McLaughlin offered a privileged reso?
lution in which he set forth the
grounds of his ohjections.
"It is not a privileged resolution,"
said the Speaker, after reading it to
McLaughlin asked that it be read to
the House, so that the members would
know what it was.
"It cannot be read to-night,'' said the
"Then I offer it as an original reso?
lution," said McLaughlin, "and call for
its reading to-morrow." This resolu?
"Whereas, the Constitution of the
State of New York, binding alike
upon private citizen and public of?
ficial, and especially dear to all
champions of American institutions
in this state, provides that 'for any
speech or debate' in either House of
the Legislature, the members shall
not be questioned in any other
"Whereas, the Supreme Court if
the United States in construing this
provision has held that it extends
absolute immunity from question for
any votes of members, report of
committee resolutions and other of?
ficial acts, and things generally done
in a session of the House by one of
its members in relation to the busi?
ness before it; and,
"Whereas. This privilege of a mem?
ber is the privilege of the bouse, ami
cannot be waived, hut is guaranteed
by the Constitution for the purpose
of insuring the utmost freedom of
siteech ind action to the members
of either house at each session of
die Legislature, that while acting in
their official capacity they may feel
secure to speak and act to the best
of their ability and as their con?
sciences may dictate, with the
knowledge that their official acts and
words cannot be called in question in
: ny other place without a breach of
the privilege of the house and a
violution o! tli'.- Constitution of ihtj
Would Ignore the Fast
"Whereas, In the investigation and
trial of the charges against the five
unseated Socialist members certain
votes cast by some of them in the
1018 session of the house have been
called in question in disregard of
this privilege of the house and in
disobedience of the mandate of the
Constitution, now, therefore, be it
"Resolved, That any votes of the
unseated Socialist members cast at
a previous session of the house shall
not be called in question in the said
trial of the charges against them,
which is now pending, February 2,
Assemblyman William ('. Amos, of
New York, who was prepared to call up
his resolution demanding that the spe?
cial committee of the Bar Association,
headed by Charles E. Hughes, be per?
mitted to appear before the Judiciary
Committee as representatives of the
people of the state, decided not to move
this or his resolution calling for the
reseating of the Socialists.
"There is no use to make the at?
tempt," said Amos, "because the steam
roller is in tine working order to?
night. I am hopeful, however, that be?
fore another week is past Speaker
Sweet's steam roller will be pulled up
Among the witnesses who will be
called by the state when the trial of
the Socialists is resumed to morrow
will be Peter W. Collins, director of
reconstruction and supervisor of the
Knight3 of Columbus Employment Sys?
tem, and Assemblyman Michael A. Tra?
han jr., Republican, of Westchester
Collins, who was formerly president
of the Boston Labor Council, has for
several years been lecturing against
socialism, Bolshevism and other kin?
dred doctrines. In his work with the
Knights of Columbus he has been ac?
tive in the fight against Bolshevism
and socialism in this country.
Trahan Will Testify
Assemblyman Trahan will be called
upon to tell of the legislative activi?
ties of the Socialist members of the
Assembly during the war Legislature
of 1918. Charles Solomon, Louis Wald
man and Samuel Orr were members ol
the Socialist delegation in that year.
The prosecution expects to finish up
its case by Thursday. Unless the
prosecution produces evidence showing
that the five Socialists are personally
guilty of the charges made by Speaket
Sweet, Colonel Theodore Roosevelt will
move for the discharge of the commit?
tee from further consideration of the
resolution embracing the charges
against the Socialists and demand the
reseating of the five ousted Assembly?
Assemblymen from many upstate
centers on their return here to-night
declared that the sentiment in their
communities is strongly in favor of re?
seating the Socialists. They say that
lawyers and laymen alike characterize
the evidence and testimony adduced to
date as insufficient to warrant a verdict
Governor's Home a Hospital
Influenza Grips Four. Mrs.
Smith Is Threatened
ALBANY, Feb. 2.?The executive
mansion is a hospital to-day.
Governor Smith is kept indoors with
a severe cold, Mrs. Smith is threatened
with influenza, and two maids, a door?
keeper and a cook are suffering from
It vou haven't found the nelp you want
whv "don't you call the Good Morning Girl.
liwkiMn 3000. and K'v.- her your adver
iKement for to-morrow s Tribune??Advt.
Mexicans Hold 2
More U. S. Flyers
Major Wallon and Lieut,
Wolf Are Compelled to
Land IS ear ISacozari
DOUGLAS, Ariz., Feb. 2.?Lieuten?
ants lTsher and Wolf, aviators, flying
from El Paso to Nogales, Ariz., made a
forced landing to-dny near Nacozari,
Sonora, .seventy-nine miles south of
Douglas. They were reported to have
been placed under technical arrest by
the Mexican authorities.
They are said to have mistaken a
Mexican railroad line, and consequently
losl their bearing-. Engine trouble
forced them to land, and in doing so
mie wing of their plane was damaged.
They reported to their commander at
Fort Bliss by permission of the Mexi
Girl, 17, Slain
In Her Home
Body of Auto Mechanic's
Daughter Found in Kneel?
ing Position Beside Her
Bed, With Skull Crushed
Rcihm Hoxie. pretty seventeen-year
' old daughter of Robert S. Hoxie, an
j automobile mechanic, of 72 West
1 Eighty-ninth Street, was found dead at
3 n'clock yesterday afternoon in a
i loom of her father's apartment. Her
'< skull had been crushed by some one
: who attacked her while she was alone
in the house.
The body of (lie girl was found by
Mrs. Sara Reeves, a roomer in the
IIon?o apartment, on the third, floor,
when she returned from a shopping
trip. The girl had been left home in
the afternoon to take care of the apart?
ment and to see any persons who
might call to answer an advertisement
which had been inserted in an after?
noon paper. The only person known to
have visited the apartment during the
afternoon was a man about forty years
o*ld, of dark complexi?n, whom Mrs.
O'Brien, janitress of the building, ad?
mitted about 2 o'clock. The police are
searching for him.
It is believed by the police the girl's
assailant attacked her in the hallway
of the room in which her body was
found and that when she offered re
sistance he struck her on the forehead
and carried her into the small bed?
room. When Mrs. Reeves discovered
the body it was in a kneeling position
! beside the small cot bed, the trunk of
the body thrown forward over the bed
and the front, of the skull crushed in
by several blows with a heavy instru?
ment. There were indications (hat the
murder was the work of a degenerate.
Captain Arthur A. Carey of the
Homicide Squad, Second Deputy Poliee
Commissioner William J. Lahey and e
squad of detectives under Captain
Tliomas F. Walsh took charge of the
A search of the house by the de?
tectives failed to disclose any weapon
which could have been used in the as?
The father of the girl did. not learn
of the murder until after 6 o'clock,
! when he returned from work. The girl
! had lived in the apartment with her
' father and her stepmother, who is at
present in New Orleans on a visit,
and with two roomers, Mrs. Reeve?
and a man, whose name could not he
j The family have let furnished rooms
: in their apartment on the third floor
during their stay of more than two
i years at 72 West Eighty-ninth Street,
land the advertisement which is be
I lieved to have brought the assailant
of the girl to the apartment read as
j follows :
"72 West 80th St. Beautiful front
; suite; telephone, piano, steam; refined
Ernest Knoch, conductor of the Chi
c;??.'i. Ooera Company, telephoned to the
apartment while the police were there
to inquire about renting a room. He
was asked to come to the apartment,
and when he arrived told the police
I he had been there about 1 o'clock and
j arranged with Miss Hoxie to telephone
to her later.
His information fixed the time of the
? murder as later than 1 o'clock, and was
regarded as important by the police.
Panama Indians Kill 17
! In Revolt Over NoseRings
! San Bias Tribesmen Attack
Police and Residents of Por?
venir Rubber Settlement
PANAMA, Feb. 2.? San Bias Indians,
: in a sudden attack on Panama police
! and the residents of a rubber-gather
: ing settlement at Porvenir, about
eighty miles east of Colon, killed sev?
enteen persons and wounded many
: others, according to advices received
here. No whites were involved in the
i fight. The Panaman government is
; fitting out an expedition to sail from
: Colon to restore order. Some of the
| Indians, it is stated, came from Co?
lombia to participate in the attack.
Reports from Porvenir say the raid
I was in retaliation for the arrest of the
San Tilas Chief Quilo last November on
. the charge of burying his grandson alive.
Other advices declare hostility of the
Indians to the establishment of a sta
, tion at Porvenir under Panaman rule,
resentment against attempts to force
the Indians to cease wearing nose rings
and the closing of a school conducted
by an African woman missionary fig?
ured in causing the attack.
Wisconsin Faculty Gets Raise
MADISON, Wis.. Feb. 2.?An increase
of salaries amounting to nearly 25
per cent per annum, and beginning with
the second semester of the current
year, has just been granted" to the
faculty of the University of Wisconsin
by action of the board of regents.
The nation's voters from
Maine to California are expressing
their opinions in The Tribune's
National Republican Platform
Contest, now in its second week.
A total of 1,191 planks has
The platform page to-day is
1 Page 9.
As Flu Falls I
Copeland Says Unions
Have Made Additional
' Be Ordered To-morrow
To Be Held To-day
New Cases Only 2,673, a
Decrease of 1,318 Mor?
tality Shows Decline
The threatened "heat strike," with
its attendant effect upon the influenza
epidemic, is by no means settled. Af?
ter a preliminary conference yesterday
with representatives of engineers' and
firemen's unions and later with men
representing the Hotel Association, the
Real Estate Hoard and other realty in?
terests Health Commissioner Royal
S. Copeland, who on Sunday undertook
the task of arbitrating the dispute.
said late in the afternoon that the
situation was "extremely serious."
The two groups will confer at Dr.
Copeland's office at 2 o'clock this af?
ternoon, and if an agreement is not
reached there is apparently little like?
lihood that the union men will further
postpone their strike call, which is
set for 8 o'clock to-morrow morning.
The men will hold a meeting to-night
at, the Central Opera House, >iixty
seventh Street and Third Avenue.
While these developments were caus?
ing concern to Health Department of?
ficials it was noted with gratitude and
relief that the epidemic was lessening
Strike Would Spread Epidemic
"If the strike starts Wednesday,"
Dr. Copeland said, "and if it succeeds,
it will mean cold houses, broken
plumbing and property damage that
will interfere with the comfort of the
community for weeks. If it were to
last three or four days and be only
partly successful, from the. strikers'
point of view, it would cause a loss of
hundreds of thousands of dollars and,
what is worse, an immediate increase
in the death rate. The cold and ex?
posure which influenza patients woul/f
endure would mean a marked increase
in pneumonia and a multitude of new
"1 tremble to think what might
happen if we should fail to-morrow to
bring about an adjustment. We must
find a way to bring these groups to?
gether and I shall bend every effort
to do this."
The representatives of the unions
involved, the International Brotherhood
of Stationary Firemen. Oilers and
Helpers and the International Union
of Steam and Operating Engineers,
who attended the conference, pre?
sented their demarVds in writing. What
took place at the meeting or what
these demands were Dr. Copeland
would not say. It is understood that
| the situation has been made more
? difficult to handle by the inclusion of
I new and added demands by the unions.
I Dr. Copeland admitted the unions had
j "chucked on more demands." Neither
the union representatives nor the. em
j ployers interested would discuss the
The strike, should one be called, will
affect office buildings, hotels, apart
! ment houses, loft buildings, factories,
department stores, mercantile estab
: lishments and public institutions. Hos
i [lit?is were included in the original
| list, but at Sunday's meeting the unions
\ agreed to leave sufficient men at work
| there to keep up the heat, and Dr.
Copeland said yesterday that whatever
! happened hospitals would be kept
Sharp Decline in New Cases
The latest, figures collected by the
I Health Department on influenza and
pneumonia are considered most en?
couraging. There was a falling off yes?
terday in new influenza cases of 1,318,
and a drop in new pnuemonia cases of
141. Deaths fell also, there being a
decrease of ten from influenza and
eleven from pneumonia over the figures
of the clay preceding. The statistics
compiled by the department for the
chart day ended at 10 o'clock yester?
day morning are:
Borough. Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.
Manhattan .... 1,114 52
Bronx . 426 11
Brooklyn . 907 23
Queens . 202 8
Richmond . 21 0
Totals. 2,673 94
ty-four hours. 3,991 104
Decreases . 1,318 10
ported .38,887 772
Grand total since
January 1 .. .41,560 86?
Cor res pond'g date
1918 epidemic 4,217 222
"I think we may look for aa increase
to-morrow," Dr. Copeland said. "Tues?
day usually brings a jump in the
figures. To-day we have had the
biggest drop since January 25. We
have been favored with good weather
for a few days, cold and sunny, and now
that the weather has become warmer,
there may be an increase in the
figures. I hope that no person will re?
lax in vigilance and that every one
will use the greatest care possible to
help keep the figures down."
The Health Department School for
Nurses, giving a week's course in in?
tensive training, opened yesterday,
with sixty-five entrants. Twice that
number applied, and another course
will be started next Monday. Three
teachers who give instructions in bed?
side care, the taking of temperature,
dietetics, and treatment of patients,
hf\ve the work in charge.
First Deaths Reported in
Subsides in Bay State
HARRISBURG, Pa., Feb. 2.?First
deaths from influenza were reported to
the State Department of Health to?
night from Williamsport, which noted
400 cases of influenza and five deaths.
Pittsburgh reported 474 cases of in?
fluenza and 18 of pneumonia, with 13
Continued on next page
Lodge to Call Up Treaty
On Senate Floor Monday;
Aid of Democrats Pledged
U. S. Outlines
Manager of Senator's De
?roit Campaign Hired al
GRAND PAPIDS, Mich., Feb. 2. An
outline of what the government expects
to prove against Truman H. Newberry,
United States Senator, and his 123 as?
sociates, charged with conspiracy in
connection with the 1918 Senatorial
campaign, was started in the Federal
District Court here to-day by Frank D.
; Dailey, special Assistant Attorney
When adjournment time came he
was about two-thirds through his pre
; pared outline. As soon as he finishes
; to-morrow, James O. Murtin, personal
counsel for Newberry, will reply on
! behalf of the defense.
Martin W. Littleton, of counsel for
the defense, at the close of the session
asked the court to order government.
[ agents to "cease sitting among the de
| fendants and listening to their whis?
Secret Service Men Barred
Judge Clarence W. Sessions an?
nounced that hereafter the front seats
would be reserved for defendants and
that others would have to find places
j after the men on trial had selected
; places. He would issue a formal or?
der against the presence of Secret
Throughout his address Dailey
stressed the money which the govern
I mnt alleges was spent in violation of
j the law limiting campaign expenses.
I He said Milton Oakman was hired as
manager of the Detroit campaign "at
an enormous and staggering salary
amounting to thousands of dollars."
"The evidence will show." he shout?
ed, "that this organization spent more
money on an average every forty-eight
hours than the laws of* the United
States permit for an entire campaign."
Started Here, Dailey Say?
Mr. Dailey said the fraudulent elec?
tion conspiracy had its inception in
New York in 1917. He named Senator
Newberry and Frederick Cody, whom
? he described as "a legislative agent for
| large corporations, particularly the
; American Telephone and Telegraph
' Company and the American Book Com
: pany," as the men who made the "pre
'? liminary arrangements."
Dailey told the jury the Senator was
then on "patriotic work" in New York
; City as a lieutenant'commander in the
i navy, adding that the American Book
Company was "largely controlled by
the Barnes family, to which Mr. New?
berry was related by marriage."
Dailey said Cody was commissioned
to hire a manager for the campaign
and that J. (J. Hayde.n, Washington
: correspondent of "The Detroit News,"
( was offered $500 a month, but refused
the position because "he did not want
that kind of a job."
Shifts Scene to Detroit
Dailey then shifted the scene to
Detroit, where he said in February
there was a conference of Michigan
politician.s known as "Cody men." This
; conference, he said, selected Paul H.
i King, one of the defendants, as mana?
ger of the campaign.
The prosecutor sketched the pub?
licity campaign of the Newberry or?
ganization, charging they sought ad?
vertising space in "every newspaper
and magazine in the state."
The telegram stated that $176,000
had been contributed to the campaign
by many subscribers, but, according to
the prosecutor, the campaign statement
of the committee showed that five con?
tributors alone gave $169.900, and
named John S. Newberry, a defendant,
and brother of the Senator; Mrs. Henry
B. Joy, a sister, and her husband, and
Victor Barnes and Lyman B. Smith, of
the American Book Company.
How the governmei ' charges the
money was scattered was described in
: detail by Dailey. He said it went
for automobiles and halls, workers at
the polls, votes, banquets, liquor, ci?
gars and flowers.
"The defendants wasted a great deal
I of money in an attempt to control the
nomination of the opposite party," he
continued. "They arrived at the cci
clusion that the defendant James W.
Helme would be a suitable opponent to
Mr. Newberry in the election and hired
the defendant, William Mickel, to in?
duce Mr. Helme to become a candidate
for the nomination of United States
? Senator on the Democratic ticket."
Jilted, He Takes Poison
Came From Washington to Wed
Brooklyn Girl, Victim Says
Charles Satis, who said he was em?
ployed as a secretary at the French
Embassy in Washington, swallowed
bichloride of mercury last night be?
cause, he said, his fianc?e refused to
He came to New York yesterday and
the wedding was to have taken place
last night, he said. Returning from
the young woman's home in Brooklyn
to his room at 21 West Ninety-third
Street, the young man took two
bichloride of mercury tablets.
His groans were heard by occupants
of neighboring rooms, and when there
was no response to their rapping at
the door of Satis they called Patrol
. man John O'Brien, of the West 100th
Street police station. As soon as
O'Brien saw the bichloride of mercury
phial he got milk and forced the man
to drink a quart of it. He was taken
to Harlem Hospital. His condition is
reported to be critical.
Silk Worth $75,000 Stolen
A truck carrying $75,000 worth of
silk was stolen about 9 o'clock yester?
day morning from Twenty-third Street
and Fourth Avenue, while its driver
was in a building arranging for the de
: livery of the load.
The truck was one of a fleet sent
i from Paterson, N. J., under convoy of
! detectives of the Silk Association of
! America. After reaching Manhattan
! the fleet broke up, each truek seeking
; it3 destination by the most direct
I route, and there were not enough
detectives to give each truck one.
As a Candidate
May Be Man Daniels Had\
in Mind for Presidents
Bryan Has Given O, K.
Edwin Thomas Meredith, the new
Secretary of Agriculture, is the dis- I
tinquished man believed to have been
in the mind of Secretary of the Navy !
Daniels one day last week, when he j
told an audience that ne could name'
' the next President of the United '
! Private advices from Washington toj
?people in the financial district yester
? day, gave the information that Presi?
dent Wilson had sounded William J.
Bryan on the availability of Secretary
? Meredith as a Presidential candidate,
: and that Mr. Bryan indorsed the sug?
? Secretary Meredith is a publisher of
farm papers with large circulation, a
director of the Chicago Federal Re- !
serve Bank and a stanch Democrat.
In 1914 he was a candidate for United i
States Senator against Senator Ken-'
yon, and ran well for a Democrat in a
strongly Republican state.
He is a Methodist and a prohibition- ;
: ist. It is understood he was "discov
! ered" by W. D. Jamieson, of Shenan
doah, Iowa, director of finance of the
; Democratic National Committee.
Wife Opens U.S.
To Spiker Baby
Emily Knowles, With Her
Five Months' Oh! infant.
Released From Ellis Isl
laiul on $1,000 Bond
Seven years ago Cora Spiker, who
had given up her place as a teacher in
j the village school in Harrisdale, W.
; Va., to marry Perley Spiker, a heater
in the rolling mills, became the mother
of a baby. She named the little girl
Yetive, after the romantic princess who
ruled the legendary principality about
which George Barr McCutcheon wrote
in his best seller, "Graustark."
Cora Spiker came to Ellis Island yes?
terday and deposited two $500 Liberty
bonds for the release from detention
of Miss Emily Knowles and her five
months' old son. Then she hurried
outside the immigration administra- !
tion building to the ferryboat pier,
while Benjamin Kirschstein. her
lawyer, was led back into the labyrin
thian detention quarters.
Woman and Babe Appear
A few moments later the lawyer
came out followed by a gray cloaked
woman, who held a shawl-wrapped baby
in her arms, and Cora Spiker ran to
I them and greeted with a kiss this
' woman who made Perley Spiker forget
his marriage vows while he was in
England as a private in an American
The baby next claimed Mrs. Spiker's
attention, but while she was transfer
ing it to her own arms and before she
. bent her head to kiss it her eyes j
lingered appraisingly on the mother's >
brown eyes and red lips, shadowed by
the peak of the Quakerish cap that is ?
! the distinguishing mark of the uniform
. of the Royal Air Force Branch of the ,
j Women's Auxiliary Army Corps.
Somewhere in the background, jostled ;
: by photographers, was Guy Spiker, '
Cora's lame twenty-one-year-old :
brother-in-law, who was her pupil
when she taught school in Harrisdale
His belted green overcoat was pulled
out of shape as he strained at the
| weight of Emily's bulging paper suit- i
I case, but he finally managed to catch ;
: her eye and was rewarded with a shy
smile. It was their second meeting. .
j They are to be married in Fall River, ;
! Mass., within a week.
Perley Spiker did not appear in New !
York yesterday. The father of tiny Al
bert Ray Knowles, who will be chris- |
tened Spiker, when his half-sister,
Yetive, becomes a whole sister by adop?
tion, remained in Baltimore. Cora ex- j
plained that her husband is a roller
in the steel mills at Sparrow's Point ?
and could not get away. But Guy, who ?
I is a heater in his brother's squad of I
| eight assistants, came in his place.
Really, it is his own place, now that it ;
I has been arranged that he and Emily |
i are to be married.
It was a busy day for Cora Spiker,
but she denied that it had been a hard
: one. In fact, she said it had been |
Smiles at War Baby
"One could almost think it was ?
I spring." exclaimed Mrs. Spiker, as she
i herded Guy and Emily aboard the Fall
: River Line steamship Plymouth, tied
\ up among the ice floes in the North
, River at the foot of Warren Street.
' Then she looked down and smiled at the
. sleeping Cuuntenance of the little war
? baby resting in her arms.
Cora and Guy left Baltimore at mid- ;
?night. When they arrived yesterday
' morning they went to the office of
[ Kirschstein, at 280 Broadway, handed
him $1,000 in bills and urged him to go
i with them at once to Ellis Island. Then
Cora grew curious about the peo
. pie who thronged Kirschstein's office,
[ and seemed just a bit surprised when
he told her some of them were report?
ers and photographers.
Then the start was made for Ellis
? Island, and, though a golden chariot
. would have been more fitting for one
' in Cora's frame of mind, the subway
-had to serve as far as the Battery.
I After that it was the Ellis Island ferry,
: dingy from contact with countless thou?
sands of immigrants. But the report?
ers and the camera men formed a guard
, of honor, albeit their curiosity was
' alarming in its extent.
There is more red tape on Ellis Island
that can well be imagined, and Cora
and Guy encountered some of it when
they wen* ashore and offered the $1,000
as a bond for the release of Miss
Continued on page three
Plan Contemplates Rati?
fication Under Modi?
fied Lodge Program in
Two or Three Weeks
Grey Letter Makes
Republicans a Unit
Viscount Is Said to Have
Discussed the Pact With
Leaders of Majority
Nrtr York Trihun?
WASHINGTON'. Feb. 2.?The en?
tire treaty fight will be renewed on
the floor of the Senate next Mon?
day. On that day Senator Lodge,
chairman of the Foreign Relations
Committee, will seek to have the
pact brought up again for discussion
in the hope of obtaining ratification
with modified reservations within
two or three weeks' time.
Senator Lodge in the Senate to?
day announced that Monday he
would ask unanimous consent to
have the treaty placed before the
Senate for reconsideration. Should
unanimdus consent be refused, he
told the Senate he would move the
suspension of the Senate rules of
procedure, by a two-thirds vote of
the Senators present, so that the
votes of November 19 last, when the
treaty failed of ratification both
with and without reservations, can
Senator Lodge's notice to-day fore?
stalled Senator Hitchcock, acting leader
of the Administration forces in the
Senate, from taking control of the
treaty situation. Senator Walsh, of
Montana, informed the Senate Satur?
day that Senator Hitchcock would seek
to have the treaty revived in the Sen?
ate February 10.
Democratic Aid Pledged
The support of many Democratic
Senators was pledged to Senator
; Lodge's move. After a conference be?
tween the Foreign Relations Commit?
tee chairman and Senator Underwood,
of Alabama, Senator Hitchcock's rival
for the position of Democratic leader
of the Senate, it was declared that the
Democrats would vote to take up the
treaty again in open sessions of the
Senate. Failure to support the Lodge
move, Democratic leaders declared,
would place responsibility for defeat?
ing possible ratification upon the
Senator Lodge made the preliminary
move toward reviving consideration of
the treaty as the direct result of the
letter of Viscount Grey recently pub?
lished in "The London Times," in which
Lord Grey defended the Senate's de?
mand for reservations to the treaty.
Publication of the Gr?y letter united
the Republican Senators of all factions
in support of any move Senator Lodge
may make, and, according to the Re?
publican leaders, assured the support
of many Democratic Senators to reser?
Viscount Grey discussed his letter
with a number of Republican Senators
before he left for England, it became
known to-day. He talked it over at
length with Senator Lodge among
Hitchcock JSxpected to Resist
Senator Hitchcock, it is expected,
will oppose Senator Lodge's motion to
suspend the Senate rules, and will
seek to take charge of the treaty fight
in the Senate by a majority vote after
appealing to the president of the Sen?
ate for a ruling that the rules do not
have to be suspended. But whether
Senator Lodge or Senator Hitchcock
has his way Monday, the treaty will be
brought before the Senate again for
action some time during the week.
Senator Lodge plans to move to have
the pact recommitted to the Foreign Re?
lations Committee immediately. The
committee will then report it again tos
the Senate, with a resolution of ratifica?
tion embodying the original Lodge reser?
vations. Such a move. Senator Lodge said
to-day, would untangle the parliamen?
tary snarl into which the treaty was
thrown before Congress adjourned last
The "mild reservationists" to-day as?
sured Senator Lodge that they would
support his motion to have the treaty
sent back to committee, and that they
would support modifications of the orig?
inal reservations which Senator Lodge
When the treaty comes up again on
the f.oor the reservation to Article X ii
expected to be the pricipal stumbling
block. Senator Lenroot, of Wisconsin;
Keilogg, of Minnesota, and others who
have been working actively on the Re?
publican side for a compromise, are
preparing the draft of a modified form
of the original reservation, which they
will submit on the floor as a com?
promise proposal. Senator Lodge said
to-day he hoped the Democrats would
be able to accept the new draft that is
being worked out.
The Grey letter was discussed In the
Senate for three hours by Senator
Reed, Democrat, of Missouri. Senator
Reed, who is one of the "irreconcil?
able" opponents of the treaty, declared
it showed that Great Britain is witling
to take the United States into the
league of nations on atiy terms.
"It is an effort plainly to get us into
the league," said Senator Reed; "to
coax us into it, to take charge of the
affairs of the Senate, and to tell us
how to compose our differences. It is
the last bit of evidence to prove that
Great Britain and France want us in
this league on any terms whatsoever.
We can write this document any waj
we desire and they will accept it."
Senator Reed served notice that th?
"irreconcilables" will reopen theii
fight for the adoption of the Johnson
amendment on the voting power o1
Great Britain and the United State!
when the treaty is brought up in th<
Senate again. He interpreted Low
Grey's statement that Great Britain h?<
no objection to an increase in th?
American vote as a refutation o? al