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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 03, 1920, Image 10

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3?ew UorU (?rUraiu
FhrU to Last?the Truth: News?Edi?
torials?Advertisements
?tambar of tha Audit H\ueau of Cia-ulallov-.?
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3. 1920.
Owned and published dall?/ bj New fork Tribuna I
toe., a New Tort Corporation. Ofiien RoM. rreet- !
??nt; Q. Verne? Rot?? V|?-resident; lleien i
Hater? Held, Socretar} ; F. A. Sutec. Treaaurfr. [
Adrtres?. vnbuna Bulletin*-. 154 Naasau Street, New ]
York. Telethon?, fcpi-kiuan 3000.
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siso the local newa of spout annous origin published
herein. ,
A:? right? of rep-.ib'Jratlon of all other matter
herein aleo ar? merred.
Superfluous Patching
Viscount Grey's letter has made
debate over the exact wording of
the treaty reservations a matter of
little consequence. If,Great Britain,
France and Italy are willing to ac?
cept the reservations now attached
to the treaty why should there be
any more hair-splitting discussions
?a to the advisability of modifying
them?
The only substantial argument
made in favor of modification was
that the Senate ratifications "nulli- ?
fied" the treaty, in the sense that
they could not be accepted by the ;
other signatory governments. The
United States asks for an adhesion
on the part of only three major
powers. If that adhesion is obtain?
able a3 things stand why waste time
?ver revisions which no longer have
any clear political purpose?
Viscount Grey has said that Great
Britain sees nothing to object to in
the reservation to Article X. He
has swept the ground completely
from under the feet of President
Wilson, ex-President Taft and the
League to Enforce Peace. If Mr.
Taft and the League to Enforce
Peace had had as clear a vision of
essentials as Viscount Grey now dis?
closes the treaty would have been
ratified long ago. Their confused
counsel undoubtedly encouraged
President Wilson to adopt the arbi- j
trary and illogical view that the j
reservation to Article X "cut the
heart out of the covenant."
Mr. Tuft's proposed substitute for
the Senate reservation to Article X
i> clumsy and involved. It is par?
ticularly defective in that it seems
to resurrect the metaphysical dis
linction between legal and moral
obligations arising under Article X. j
If the United States accepts obliga- ?
lions it. wants them to be at once j
legal and moral. There should be :
m "twilight zone." There is no uso
debating the academic question
whether the obligations we take on
?i re to be of one quality or another.
The reservation to Article X really
deals only with the manner in which
obligations are to be taken on. Once
we assume them they become, both
legal and moral, binding in all
senses and to be lived up to with?
out equivocation.
The Lodge-Lenroot reservation is
more explicit than Mr. Taft's and is
?f-ss subject to vexing countor in?
terpr?tations. Moreover, it is already
embodied in the treaty, which gives
it a va3t advantage over any alter?
native wording.
Another "Liberal" Write?
Of post-war books no one thus far
published is likely to exceed in in?
fluence the volume by John Maynard
Keynes, for some time a representa?
tive of the British Treasury at the
peace conference.
Mr. Keynes was favorably placed
to secure information, he writes well
and his tone indicates personal sin?
cerity. When such* a man expresses
blanket condemnation of the peace
as one of Carthaginian cruelty and
attacks the Allies as pledge breakers
the indictment is scarcely to be ig?
nored. Here is a spring at the moral
jugular of the victorious nations.
Refutation is necessary if there is
not to be another war brought on by
a just rebellion of the intolerably
oppressed.
Mr. Keynes presents himself as an
economist and a financial expert, but
is plainly more a sentimentalist of
the professorial type. He garbs his
argument with a show of facts, but
his main conclusions are arrived at
!r tuitively and emotionally. He doep
not bother to prove propositions; it
is enough to assert them and to
hammer for their acceptance with
rhetorical fervor.
The framework of his discourse is
simple. Its vertebras are that the
ambiguous .Fourteen Points were
clear and they pledged the particular
line of action which Mr. Keynes
thinks should have been followed; its
rii* ai^e that the treaty is not drawn
in accord with them (although he
does not deign to particularize the
departures), and that poor Germany
was thus ciieated.
Mr. Keynes holds the territorial re?
adjustments violated the Fourteen
Points. But which ones he does not
say. He dodges much mention of
Poland, Alsace-Lorraine, Slesvig,
Bohemia, Jugoslavia, Mesopotamia,
Syria, Armenia, Transylvania, Bes
sarabia. As to these things our
author does not speak definitely. He
seems dimly aware that to confirm
German, Turkish and Hapsburg
paper titles is not to establish self
determination, x
The surrender of German ship?
ping is offensive to him. Does this
mean that after destroying millions
of the ship tonnage of others Ger?
many shoidd have had her shipping
practically intact? Likewise the
reparation provisions are condemned
as harsh. 'Jhe Frenchman had deliv?
ered to him a factory altogether
destroyed; the German should fare
better and ?;o back to his whole fac?
tory and not be called to meet a
mortgage.
Mr. Keynes is so stirred by the
thought of "crushed" Germany that
he has little sympathy for "more
' crushed" Italy, France, Belgium and
Serbia. Germany is to have a few
feet extra start in the new race. As
the war left things, Germany was
materially untouched and her debt
per capita did not equal that of
France.
Queer, isn't it, how certain self
? styled liberals of Britain and Amer?
ica think and write? A shining ex?
ample of such queerness is John
Maynavd Keynes, a young man of
mental parts who is not to be sus?
pected of being intentionally unfair,
and who, moreover, argues strongly
and consistently when exposing the
fallacy that not by impoverishing
Germany in an exceptional way is
the world to be benefited.
Safeguarding Tenant Leases
Among the many billa introduced
at Albany to protect tenants against
rent profiteering is one which strikes
at a marked defect in the ordinary
New York City lease. Tenants who
sign leases here are encouraged by
j real estate agents and owners to
j believe that they have made an oc?
cupancy contract for a fixed term.
I But on the face of the agreement
? they haven't.
j There is an ejection clause, pur
! porting to give the landlord the
{right to dispossess an undesirable
tenant. It is entirely proper that
the landlord should retain the power
to reject a leaseholder who becomes
objectionable in the sense that he
annoys other tenants or violates rea?
sonable restrictions in the use of his
apartment.
But, according to the form of lease
used by many renting agencies, the
landlord apparently reserves the
right to terminate the lease when?
ever he deems the tenant undesirable
or objectionable, and assumes no
| obligation to establish the facts in
! the case.
Such a lease is an imposition on
1 the tenant. It destroys the term
j contract, so far as he is concerned,'
while giving him no counter right
to terminate it if he deems the land?
lord's conduct undesirable or objec?
tionable. In the eyes of a profiteer?
ing landlord, eager to advance rents
in spite of prior agreements, the
tenant may become highly "unde?
sirable" simply because he holds a
lease for a definite term. It may
seem judicious to the owner to dis?
possess him in order to introduce a
?new tenant who is willing to pay a
! higher rental.
Such contingencies may not have
; been foreseen when the present form
'of lease was drawn up. But conges?
tion, speculation in apartment houses
and the craze for quick returns have
, brought in new ideas and a new code
' of ethics.
Senator Lockwood has therefore
offered a sound precautionary meas?
ure. It amends the code of civil
procedure with regard to summary
proceedings in dispossession under
the undesirable or objectionable
: tenant clause by providing that the
i landlord must establish undesirabil
. ity to the satisfaction of a court.
The explanation must be reasonable.
Possibly the lax wording- of the
present clause would not be con
! strued literally by any liberal
: minded judge. For If the landlord's
? discretion is absolute a lease offered
i in good faith to a tenant ought to
1 show that fact beyond dispute. It
; is wiser to amend the law and take
no chances.
And the Legislature should go
further?do what it can to prescribe
a standard habitation lease.
Prohibition in England
The news that the American
! "drys" are setting aside a fund
j for propaganda abroad seems to be
i welcome to the unregenerate in
I England. The reason is obvious
?enough. As The New Statesman
i puts it:
j "Tha whole issue is likely to be?
come a very live one in this country
us soon as the Scottish local option
act cornea into operation; and we
venture to predict that in the forth?
coming campaign British prohibi?
tionists will find no opposition cry
harder to meet than that of 'Amer?
ican money.' "
T)n the whole it. is probable that
, the British campaign will be fought
1 not on the scientific merits of pro?
hibition, but along the "individual
; liberty" line. The average British
j voter has a rather pronounced dis
! trust of scientific experts, and he is
! intolerant of interference with pri
' vate rights. For the time being he
! is likely to agree with The New
State87Mn's attitude of "wait and
see":
"For It remains to be seen how
prohibition works in America,
whether, indeed, it will work at all.
The private manufacture of drink?
able alcoholic liquor is so simple,
and, once it is widely adopted, so
impossible to suppress, that we con?
fess we are .skeptical about the whole
subject."
The chances are that even should
?in embargo on the public sales of
liquor be enacted no Parliament
would dare to pass legislation to
suppress private manufacture for
home use.
Babies, Peace arid War
It is a sad but accurate com?
mentary on the state of human
nature that nobody seems able to
accept the extraordinary "war baby"
case of the hour as quito possible.
Every one seems unquestionably sin
! cere in the proceeding. The motives
I of the aggrieved but forgiving wife
appear to be of the highest. So far
I as outsiders can penetrate to the
I heart of a peculiarly intimate and
! tragic concern, every one partici
| pating is seeking to retrieve' the
i very most of good and happiness
, and right out of a bad situation,
I and especially to give a fair start in
I life to the wholly innocent member
! of the group?the child. Yet pop
: ular applause is hesitating. Amaze?
ment and incredulity are the first
| public reactions.
There is, it may be cordially
agreed, no good in people's engag?
ing to be better than they can be?as
; a practical matter, day by day, year
in and year out. It is a sound in?
stinct that makes one doubt whether
so much candid forgiveness is prac
: ticable, will work, in short, in this
i world of much meanness and jeal
j ousy and fallible goodness. Yet we
are inclined to stand against the
! popular suspicion and welcome Mrs.
Spiker as a rather courageous
pioneer, not so hopelessly ahead of
her time as might be thought.
The truth is, we submit, that
general opinion has really shifted
more upon this whole problem than
most of us realize. This typically
j American family of Baltimore did
| not up and do this extraordinary
i thing out of a clear sky. The indi?
vidual courage to go forward is ex?
traordinary; but the preparation of
i the public mind has been constant
j and steady. Not the Ellen Keys
I and the other radical thinkers, but
| the war and its consequences, are re?
sponsible. Propaganda has precious
little influence upon the stream of
human life; events do far more; they '
can shift whole channels in a few
months.
Society is still a long way from
a solution of the difficult problem
involved in the birth of children
without legal fathers. It is right
that progress should be slow in a
reform touching so vitally the family.
But at least a frank realization of
the facts and a discussion of the
i possibilities seem to be at hand, and
! the future may hold much. It is
[ almost the whole battle to realize
that we have only been pretending
to care for the problem and that
to shut it away in foundling asylums
is merely to shut our eyes to facts
and evade an obvious moral re?
sponsibility. If the Spiker family is
making a real contribution to the
'public awakening upon this subject
it will lie doing much.
Under the Law
The Tribune is eluded by a num?
ber of its correspondents because !
of its attitude toward the suspended
Assemblymen. Why does The Tri
1 bune, with its record, as its critics
? are good enough to say, of clear
cut Americanism, oppose lynching
! all Socialists'.'
It is because The Tribune believes
; in the validity of the following plank
contributed to the platform contest
by Aretas A. Saunders, o? South
j Norwalk, Conn., as one that might
?be.adopted by the Republican \a
i tional Convention :
i "We indorse the following as con?
taining straightforward American?
ism: Every citizen, whether foreign
or American bora, owes his undi?
vided allegiance first, last nnd al?
ways to this country. To every citi?
zen is accorded the rig-lit of free
speech. Free speech includes the
right to advocate changes in form of
government, provided such changes
are to be brought about, directly or
indirectly, by vote of the majority
of the people. Free speech docs not
include the right to advocate rule by
minority or to incite others to rebel?
lion, violence, anarchy or any dis?
obedience to our laws."
It is as necessary%to protect the
rights of free speech, free assem?
blage and free representations as it
is to prevent their destruction by
abus?. The line to be drawn is
| whether change is sought to be ef-j
? fected by the orderly processes of
! the law. In a government not based
on consent, when evils become in?
tolerable, revolution is permissible,
but the word has no place in the
vocabulary of a free people. Those
who say Washington was a rebel for?
get that rebellion was his only rem?
edy. Washington helped, provide
other remedies for us. One of the
prime purposes of democracy is toi
get rid of the justification for rebel?
lion.
Some groupa of Socialists advo?
cate the force doctrine. From such
no excuses are to be received. Many
Socialists individually offend,
though their group keeps nominally
within the law. The question at
Albany has been one whether the ;
excluded Assemblymen are among
those thus personally fruilty. This
is ascertainable only by examining
I their records. So far not enough
! has come out to establish guilt
I clearly. -But if there is yet evidence
that establishes guilt, the Assembly?
men should not only be excluded, but
proceeded against as criminal an?
archists.
Danger of Short Cuh
Let Us Return to the I 'ital Prin?
ciples of Democracy)
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: No attempt by an individual,
j by a class, by an organization or by
! monoyed interests to defeat the law?
fully registered will of a majority
! should be tolerated. This vital prin
1 ciple of our government, alone distin?
guishes a democracy from an autocracy.
It must always be kept clearly before
1 us. It should be emphasized in our
schools. Aliens should he required to
respect it. Above, all should it be re?
spected and upheld by the defeated
minority, which may be the majority
of to-morrow,
Most, of the confusion of thought
which has fallen upon the American
people recently may be traced to con
crete instances of unfaithfulness to
this principle of our government,
namely, the acquiescence of all in the
will of the majority.
Our President is first offender. The
autocratic powers loaned him by the
American people for the prosecution of
the war have been abused. Far from
seeking to execute the will of the
American majority, he has aimed to
force the Senatorial majority to do
his will when unable to convince them
by argument, fn the coal strike both
capital and labor disregarded the
rights of th? majority while seeking
benefits for minorities. Then consider
the national prohibition law. The chief
objection many Americans have to this
law is a feeling that it does not repre?
sent the will of the majority that
the people were tricked into a false
position through the carelessness of
those elected to represent them, worked
upon by a well financed professional
propaganda. It is not so much a ques?
tion of the merits of tin- law as of
how it came into existence.
The most recent offense against the
majority rule is the suspension of fiv
lawfully elected legislator- from the
New York Assembly. The sad or is it
not rather most hopeful'.' pom! of the
mutter is that each trespass against
American rights- with the exception
of the mine strikes?was meant to bene?
fit the people in spite of themselves!
The danger of these short cuts, the
doing of evil in the belief that good
will result, is surely self-evident, Let
ns return to the high road beforo we
have lost ourselves in a maze of ex?
pediency. As early as the year 1837
Abraham Lincoln said, "You may bur".
my body to ashes and scatter them to
the winds of heaven; you may drag my
soul down to the regions of darkness
and despair, to be tormented forever;
but you will never get me to support a
measure which I believe to be wrong
although by doing so I may accomplish
what I believe to be right." Unless
we hold to these principien we shall
never achieve the ideals we hold in
common.
MRS. LORENA STEWART MEIGS.
Ridgewood, N. J., -Ian. 30, 1020.
Alice- of Newark
To :he Editor c f The Tribune
Sir: Thomas Dunn English lived in
Newark, X. .!.. on State Street, rigbl
near the I?., L. & W. R. R. station.
Mate Street is one block long, I walk
past the house every day. Ni ting
Lhe absorbing discussion in your col?
umns relative to the peculiar persona!
habits and ci nduct ol :?. certain ;.?? n ?-.
lady when under stress of unusual
emotion, 1 took i; upon myself to can?
vass State Street from end :o end. ?"
order to find out whether VIr. English
made the lady blush or whether !:
made her weep. The whole thirfg look-,
tishy to me. for 1 have been unable to
find anybody on State Street who ever
heard of Sweet Alice. The oldesi in?
habitant said that if there had been
such a person he'd surely remember
lie's quite sure it's ?1! moonshine. Be?
side, he's quite sure that this here Mr.
English wouldn't have gone and done
anything to make a lady blush, nor
weep, neither. The man had a good
reputation in tin.' neighborhood, lio tells
me, and besides the Second Precinct
p: lice station is just around the corner,
and i ' there hud been any goings on
there'd have been trouble right away.
If he hears anything about tins Sweet
Alice he's going to lot me know. J
thought I'd report to you that I've
started an investigation. So far, I'm
dead sure of one thing. Verily a
prophet is n.w.h.s.i.h.o.c.
TRILBY DU MAURIER.
Xew York. Feb. 1, 1020.
Good Whisky for Colcls
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: ? was very glad *o read .Mr.
Stanwood L. Henderson's letter in to?
day's Tribune. In my opinion, he is en?
tirely correct, and the judgment ho up?
holds is what I believe. Only yesterday
afternoon I saw a patient in consulta?
tion who, with a \ovy threatening
broncho-pneumonia, the outcome of in?
fluenza, will owe his life, if preserved,
to frequently repeated doses of good
whisky. This whisky was obtainable
only through the great generosity and
kindness of the attending physician, who
urgently appealed to him to help !:;..
critically ill patient. This help was ac?
corded from the small private stock of
the donor, which lie was keeping for
possible, illness in his own family. The
moral of this story is obvious, p.xcept to
the willful!;,- blind.*
BEVERLEY ROBINSON, M.D.
Xew York, Jan 31 1920
% - ^1-__
The Versatile Newspaper
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Taper k?eps heat in. Three or
four large newsp..porgi spread between
the coverings of a bed. will give .as much
warmth as an extra blanket. In these
times of cold weather and high prices
this is a secret worth knowing.
ALICE STONE BLAGKWELL.
Dorchester, Mass., Jan. 81, 1920.
The Conning Tower,
On Barber?
i The barber held the mirror up behind
So 1 might see the way I looked in
back
And approve and praise the wonder
of his art.
Yel as I have observed a hundred
timss?
Suppose I should not like what he
had done,
! Suppose I said, "Well, that's a rotten
haircut,"
: Would it improve the appearance of
my neck?
And as the barber held the mirror
up
I thought how like to Consciousness
was that,
'? To Consciousness, and Life, and the
Universe.
The mirror is held up for us to look
And if we like it not, what can we
do?
Nothing at all. We cannot even say,
: "Oh, well, next time I'll get another
barber."
"You didn't tell half the things ;,
! man who wears a celluloid collar would
wear and do," writes Ambrose Gluts:.
"Permit me to add a few features.
His buttoned half shoes would have
those knobby toes which give the foot
a deformed appearance; he would
wear a ring on his third finger con?
taining a handsome garnet; probably
; his trousers would be of the stylish
peg-top cut; his hat one of those furry
; monstrosities jauntily turned up on
; one side and, jpf course, his hair
would be cut round or squaro in back
With his neck neatly shaven." Yes,
and when he goes to the Commerciul
House, Watertown, Wis., he would
smile and-ssy: "Wall, what's good to?
day, sister?"
The Theory of the Leisure Class
Sir: We do not flatter ourselves that
we know the Latin mind, hut we feel
certain that if Dante had lived 700
years later and bad ?pent Sunday in
New York he would have reserved
that part of his immortal opus where
hell is frozen over for the owners of
Lhose particularly dinky and fashion
able cars which expose the chauffeurs
In .the full bins', of the four below
zero zephyr while the owner is feed?
ing his goldfis'h in the crystal cornu?
copia of the electrically heated back?
room. H. v. L.
Never was a greater fallacy. If we
??ere a chauffeur we should prcft r that
kind of isolation. Such a chauffeur
I not only is provided with warm cloth I
ing, but, in addition to his job keep?
ing him out in the o. a., hn doesn't
have to listen to the chatter of the
owner and his or her, as the case may
almost certainly be, friends.
"In the case of children," advises
Dr. Copeland's health bulletin, "kiss?
ing should be. avoided." And there
iir" those who think that in the case
of kissing, children should he avoided.
Even -i careful driver couldn't help
thinking Sunday that if the blood?
hounds had user! somebody's anti-skid
chains they'd have caught Eliza.
Convention at Mineral, Ind.?
Sir: Permit mo to point out the great
strength of lh<< subjoined Mineral ticket.
All tin; candidates are men of mettle, or.
we may say. of concrete achievement.
The man for the Treasury is Glass : where
shall we find a fitter? Ami Mr. Ashe. al?
ready named on the Wood ticket, is practi?
cally sure of his portfolio. If it should
l>e deemed that Steele and Stone would Le
stronger than Soie and Steele. I shall not
fail to heed my country's call.
THE S I, ATI; :
President.Fred Sume
Vice-Pr?sident.Freddy Steele
secreta ry t.i State.E. M. Ashe
Secretary of the "Treasury.Carter (?lass
Secretary of War.William Hock
Secretary of Lhe Navy.lohn Ceci! Clay
Secretary of the Interior. .. .Old King Cole
Secretary of agriculture.George Sand
Attorney General.Delancey Nicoll
Postmaster General.C. T. Silver
Secretary of Commerce.Emma Goldman
Secretary of Labor.Abe Potash
I'. D. S.
Newspaper plays and newspaper fic?
tion seldom are popular, the reason ad?
vanced being that the public isn't in?
terested in such things. Well, hero's
the newest newspaper wheeze: The
night The Herald was sold to Mr, Mun
sey a member of the staff who had
joined it in 18SG said: "When I took
the job 1 was afraid it wouldn't be
permanent."
T'ho German speech, although simpler j
than the French
The French language, although sim?
pler than the German . . .Edi?
torial in the Evening Mail.
And what, as the fellow said, could
be simpler?
According to their advertisement in
the Los Angeles Times, Myer Siegel
& Co. "announce the Enlarged Infants*
Section." "Ain't California wonder?
ful ?" asks M. D. M.
The "Flu"ent Contrib
What rial) I do to puss away the time?
To make the tedious hours to go their way
As if on wings? To make night follow day
With least of boredom? Shall I read of
crime,
Or of adventure in some far off clime?
Do picture puzzles till my mind is gray
Or listen to the eternal Victor play,
Or try my hand at some fund foolish rhyme?
Ah. that I find of all by far the best.
It doe'j not heat the brow or fret the mind.
Hut soothes the senses, gives a certain zest!
A sense of triumph?conquests left behind.'
As onward still I go in foolish quest ?
Yet what diversion like it can you find?
R. S. B.
"Erskine Dale?Pioneer" starts sus?
piciously in the January Scribner's.?
Brooklyn Standard Union.
A detective story, obviously.
Another Connecticut Blue Law j
[Prom The Hartford Post] .,
A fine of $'_' and costs was imposed upon
Max Maislen for keeping his sidewalks clean
of ice and snow.
Even the ground hog didn't like the
looks of the world.
F. P. A.
BRYAN'S IDEA OF PERFECT HARMONY
; (Copyright, 19J0. New York Tribune Tnc.)
The Plebiscites
By Frank H. Simonds
The events of the next few weeks in
Germany must be watched with ex?
treme care, because the plebiscites
which, are row to take place will have
a tremendous bearing upon both the
? economic and political rehabilitation
of the nations. It the votes go against
the Germans the results will be dis?
astrous for the nation and may lead
to ruin. As a consequence it may be
expected that the Germans will use
every possible means to carry the polls.
Of all the several regions in which
' the inhabitants will now decide their
! future allegiance the most important
i.- the Upper Silesian district, whose
population in large majoritj is un?
mistakably Polish. So pronounced is
the Slav majority, in fact, that the
Paris conference at first assigned the
region to Poland outright and substi?
tuted a plebiscite only as a conces?
sion to persuade the Germans to sign
the Treaty of Versailles.
Historically the district has not bc
longed to Poland for many centuries.
[t was a part cf tho Silesian province
stolen from Maria Theresa by Frederick
the Great in the middle of the eigh?
teenth century, and this theft precipi?
tated a number of bloody wars but de?
spite the effort of Austria, aided at one
moment by Russia and France, to re?
gain this territory, it remained Prus?
sian.
Silesian Coal
It contains the richest coal mines
left to Germany and has seen one ot
the most rapid industrial expansion?
in all Europe in recent decades. It
Germany loses it she will be hopelesslj
crippled as to coal, while for Poland it
will mean an assured industrial future
By contrast it wi'.l mean, if it passes
to Poland, a further accentuation oi
the age-long feud between the twi
taces. Forecast of the outcome is idle
but there is a settled conviction in al
Allied capitals, and in Washington at
well, that if the vote is cast and fairlj
counted, and Allied troops are to super
viso both the voting and the counting
the Poles will win.
Less important, but interesting, wil
be the results in tho several plebiscite
areas between the old Russian frontie
and the Baltic, including tho region o
Alienstein, where llindenburg won Tan
nenberg, and the district of the Mazu
rian Lakes, which saw a second groa
German victory in the present wai
For the Poles the most important dis
trict is that on the right bank of th
Vistula, including the city of Marien
worder and crossed by the main War
saw-Dan:-:ig railway. If the Poles ge
it they will widen their "corridor" t
the sea, gain possession of both bank
of the Vistula and control the shortes
and best line between their capital an
their single port. In the Mazuria
Lake district much more territory i
affected and the population is mor
cleariy Polish, but the Poles aje ser.
arated from their brethren in the res
of Poland by a religious differenci
since they are Protestants, while th
majority of Poles are Roman Catholic
If Poland should win all the election
East Prussia would become a met
hcpless fragment. If she should los
them all her exit on the sea would t
precarious in the extreme.
Territory To Be host
Before the plebiscites and as a r<
suit of the ratification of the Treat
of Versailles the Poles, who occupit
the Prussian province of Posen as
result of the armistice, are now at
vancing and taking control of almo
all of West Prussia, including Thoi
and Bromberg, and thua establtshir
their connection with the tea and wit
Danr.ig. This will represent a loss of
territory considerably ;r>"^-"' in area
. than Alsace- Lorrain -. i'? : if
wins the plebiscites Germany will have
: to give up much more territory. And
;t is worth, recalling that it is these
losses in the east which are most
humiliating to German pride,
i In addition the popr.TatTon of two
I areas in Slesvig will vote on the.
\ question of remaining Cern?an or be?
coming-Danish. This territory was ali
; taken from Denmark in 1SC4, when the
two provinces of Slesvig-Holstein
were tiie prize of a successful agres?
sion by Austria and Prussia against
Denmark. Prussia then promised thai
the Danish population in the northern
districts would he allowed to decide
rheir nationality, but the opportunity
: never came.
The Danish Plebiscite
It is generally expected that th<
northernmost area, in which the popu
lation is exclusively Danish, will vot<
to return to Denmark, while the othe
will retain German allegiance. But i
is interesting to noto that the Danes <?
the old kingdom are excessively ans
i ious lest the transaction shall earn then
lasting German resentment and lea
to a new German aggression, whe
Germany regains her strength. S
strongly is this fear held that Danis
influence, at least in the southern are;
is said to have been exerted in favo
of Germany.
There are two other areas wl ich >\ i
have later to decide their allegianc
the districts of Eupen and Malmedy, o
the Belgian frontier, which were 01
cupied by Prussia after the Napoleon
collapse and in part, have a Walloo
that is, a French, population. The
districts are now occupied by the Be
gians. and the vote will noi come ?
another year, by which time Belgh
possession .'.ill probably have becon
fixed in the minds of the people.
The other district is the Sarre Basi
But it will be fifteen years before
plebiscite will come here, and In tl
meantime the territory will be in pa
administered by the league of natio;
but under FrencI? laws and as a pa
of the French customs union. "Mo
than this, all the mines now pass in
French ownership permanently.
A Staggering Hloic
It wiil be seen that these seve:
transactions not only insure the imn
diato loss of much valuable territc
to Germany, but may lead to a stt
gering blow if, in addition to the V)
iron deposits of Alsace-Lorraine, n
completely lost, the Germans lose I
coal basins of the Sari?'and of Up
Silesia, to Franco and to Poland
spectively. An area twice as larg
that of Belgium and a population
between seven and eight millions
involved, more than half of which \
be lost, in any event, even if G
many wins all the plebiscites, which
unlikely.
Moreover, if the plebiscites t;
agains'-, the Germans, the position
die present government may be v
gravely compromised, for the dimi
tion of Cern?an territory and the a
pling of German industries will aro
all classes of the population. E
France and Beigium, which dep
upon German economic recovery
the payment of the indemnities nei
sary for their own prosperity, will
serve the elections with divided e
tions.
(Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Ir
Ending Our Troubles
(From Th? Detroit Journal)
Trouble can be drowned in w
alcohol without the use of a millst
Not Russians
?
The Strange and Motley
Crew of Bolshevism
I To the Editor of The? Tribune.
Sir: Several American ne-^snsneri
day after da in theii a rt ?. ch
le wlio h " i i oken tiie
laws o untryand -,: u lesii
ables have to be deporte.! from the
United States. I have Been many name?
in the newspapers of persons mentioned
; in connection with Bolshevist propa
! ganda and really I have never seen
.. one among them with a truly Russian
first or s(? I name. It appc.rs that
none of those who are accused of such
propaganda are Russian by name, reje
ility [can't iee eithtr
the Ru ... names an o -.; the so-called
'?'Soviel Ei i -y" even the "Atnb?i
sador" himself := not Russian. Th?
question of nationality ! leave others
ii - - .
They all claim now that they ?re
Russians, bu! i am sure that ques
tioning v.-;.; show thai ??? -' of them
are not Ru ians some
- ?' * hem a re f< n ter 1' ; liai i, as n?
frives of former RuBsi n Poland, ?f
Ru ?an Ba pn ? -, etc., so
it is most desi rabh long the
Questions pu1 to these s i pects is as t?
their ph ce if n the Jewauft
are connected with such prop?ganos
?I believe are not Russian Jews, bit
a ire likely Polish. The Jews wore n?t
: allowed to live in a great part of Ea
j ropean Russia, except a! verj s-uall per
centage of them, and most of the?
lived in Russian Poland. Hence si i
? who are coi nected with auch
i propaganda and are now regarded ?
I and called Russians are not really Bfl|
. ?a n .
You coul i call tl em by al! the n?
? onal ? ies n I ch exist on our cart!
:-.s well as you call them Russians! 1
would be just as fair to speak o
American negroes or American Chines
as of Americans in general. So pleas
make thi ; disl nctioi hen ; on spe*
about these in1 rnational annrchisti
and if you wish anyhow i ncorrect?f i
connect with them the name of Rt?
sia call them Russian Jews. Russi?
Letts, Russian Germans, etc., but ?
? not call them Russians!
*I hope that the investigation oft!
! olshevist propaganda in this cour.li
being conducted by the Fore'gn Reii
; tions Committee of the Senate sr
those above mentioned questions ai
facts will certainly prove my conte
tion and give explanation and bett
understanding by Americans that tl
Bolshevisl propaganda in the Unit
States is not being conducted by Ru
sians and the stigma should not I
attached to the Russian nation.
WALPEMAR DE SV?SHMKOFF,
Lieutenant of the R -..-.-.. n Field Ar
??y; former technical ?,<p,*r*.
of ? he Russian ' ' '. s*i
Commission to '?'.-'- tteSj
Janur .-?-.? 28, ', ! 20.
As Prices Were in i ???
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In "The Catskill Recorder"
January 23. 1920, is the following iter
FORTT S1?ARS AGO
tteins from T! ? R cor : ?:- : -? t?, j
?Turkeys are 15c. a pound, chicli
14o.. butter BOe., egga 2S,:. a ilcz?n. ?
potatoes 60c. a buabel rr the '?'?
mai ?cet.
As an authentic record of the sti
ling advance in prices quoted in
Fair Price Column of The Tribune
the current year 1920 I thought the si
would interest your readers. %
RRV. ROBERT WEEKS,
A reader of The Tribune for ov?
forty years.
New York, Jan. 28, &2Q
The Trouble With Bolshevil
\Fro-m Th* Boston Herald)
Bolshevism would work bstt?
Bolshevist? would.

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