flew Organization Threatens
Court Action Unless Lan?
sing Grants Permission
* for Clearance of Ships
Session Is Stormy One
R^ninvited" Guests Create
Howls of Protest by
I Opposing Its Program
A meeting of the American Commer
I c',-] Association, called yesterday at
U:e Hotel Knickerbocker to discuss the
??rontotion of trade with Russia, de
fvcloped into a stormy session. For
* da'if an hour the iiuestion was warmly
t debated by those manufacturers who
?favor dealin;: with Russia and those
Jwho are opposed to it.
* The American Commercial Associa?
tion was organized January 24 for the
"purpose of enabling manufacturers to
' find a market for their goods in Russia.
It had been expected that those in at?
tendance at yesterday's meeting had
come on invitation of the association
gjid were in favor of its objects, as
outlined in its program.
Bot it developed that there were
tome persons present who had not
been invited. When the program was
read it was strenuously opposed, the
debate waxing hot on both sides. The
opposition was led by W. B. Brewster,
representing the Combustion Control
Company, of New York, and a man who
described himself as A. B. Rosenbloch,
former captain of the A. E. F., repre?
Mr. Brewster denounced the Russian
government as "corrupt and savage."
He took his seat after cries of protest
came from all parts of the ballroom.
When the debate subsided a vote
was taken and the program was
adopted, several of those present re?
fusing to vote and one or two voting
against its adoption. The meeting
then settled down to business. Emerson
P Jennings, representing the Lehigh
Machine Company, presided.
At the afternoon session a resolu?
tion was adopted providing for the
appointment of a committee of six to
ask Secretary of State Lansing to
grant permission immediately for the
clearance of ships and cargoes to nil
ports of Russia. If this permission is
refused the association will seek a
court order to compel the State De?
partment to permit American firms to
open trade with Russia.
The program was prepared by
Eugene Schoen, representing the In?
ternational Oxygen Company, of New?
ark. It read in part: "The Ameri?
can Commercial Association to Pro?
mote Trade with Russia has been or?
ganized by American business men for
the purpose of reestablishing friendly
?and direct trade relations with Russia,
a country with which we are not and
never have been at war, and against
which we have not participated in any
blockade. Russia is the greatest pros?
pective customer in the world to-day,
and it offers a unique opportunity for
American commercial enterprise and
American technical skill."
Following the reading of the pro
pram, one manufacturer rose and voted
that it be adopted. Before further ac?
tion could be taken Mr. Rosenbloch,
without waiting to be recognized by
the chair, launched into an attack on
the proposed program.
"I'm here not representing anybody
but myseif," he cried. "I am a former
captain of the A. E. F. and served in
the front lines. I think you will make
a great mistake if such a program is
adopted. I think before action is taken
you had better indicate just who is
here and just what is represented."
He made further efforts to speak and
was greeted with roars of "Sit down!
Sit down!" Mr. Rosenbloch, speaking
under protest, declared that in his
opinion the association should specify
in its program that Soviet Russia was
not to be recognized as a government.
Various manufacturers insisted that
Rosenbloch had no right to address
the meeting. One factory representa?
tive argued in defense of Rosenbloch,
saying that all persons present should
have a voice, and that the association
should not employ steam-roller tactics.
Chairman Jennings protested against
the meeting taking on any "political
atmosphere," and insisted that only
"100 per cent Americans" were in?
cluded in the membership of the asso?
ciation. Mr. Brewster and Mr. Rosen?
bloch left the ballroom before the
The question was asked jnst how an
American concern would proceed tc
transact business with Russia, pro?
vided it could not afford to send a rep?
resentative to Europe.
m "I understand," replied Mr. Emerson,
that the Russian government has
?gents right here in New York to dc
business with American firms "
Ludwig C. A. K. Martens, representa
tWfl of the Russian Soviet Republic in
the United States, announced yesterdaj
the conditions upon which his govern?
ment would accept the Allied offer ol
resumption of trade relations. Thes?
conditions were contained in a cable?
gram Martens received from Maxim
Litvinoff, Assistant Commissary foi
foreign Affairs in the Bolshevist gov?
According to Martens, Litvinoff an
Bounces that only those Russian firm!
that have not aided Kolchak and Denni
kin? will be permitted to act as busi?
ness agents between Russia and the
Allies. There is to be no resumptior
of trade until the blockade is liftec
unreservedly, and until the state:
bordering on Russia, Poland especially
"op fighting the Soviet government."
War Cost U. of P. 207 Killed
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. SO.-Casualtie
suffered by alumni and undergraduate!
of the University of Pennsylvania i
tfte war totalled 207 killed, 166 wound
e(l and 11 taken prisoners. Honon
^Jiwarded to 165.
It uim kst
if you use
Your Grocer ???
Hoover Accused of
Breaking Faith on
Senator Gronna Charges Ad?
ministrator Used Ageney
to Name Maximum After
Asking for the Minimum
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.?A bitter at?
tack upon Herbert Hoover and Julius
H. Barnes, director of the United States
Grain Corporation, was made in the
Senate to-day by Senator Gronna, Re?
publican, of North Dakota, who charged
that the former food administrator had
betrayed the confidence of the Senate
in using the Grain Corporation to fix j
a maximum price on wheat when he
had told Congress the law would be
used only to make minimum prices.
Senator Gronna said he expected to
introduce a bill at once to repeal the
wheat guarantee law in connection with I
which the Grain Corporation came into
existence. The law expires by limita?
tion on June 1.
"When Hoover appeared before the
Agricultural Committee," said Senator
Gronna, speaking of the days before
the bill was passed by Congress, "some
members ?\gued that we ought to fix a
maximum price for wheat, for wheat
might go too high, but Hoover made
protest against that. He said he de?
sired a minimum price fixed; he did
not desire a maximum price. Th? mini
mum price has been made the maxi?
mum price, and injustice has been done
to the people of the country.
"Not only that, but there has been a
betrayal of the confidence of the mem?
bers of the Senate, for we took Mr.
Hoover's word. We at no time sus?
pected that he would go back on his
word and make the minimum price the
Senator Gronna said the wheat farm- \
ers of the country had lost $2,000,000,
000 "through government interference
In prices," and that there was abso- !
lutely no need for appointing a grain
"If the farmers of the United States
would give wheat to the millers for
nothing," said Senator Gronna, "if
they hauled their grain to the mills!
and did not charge a single penny a
bushel, there could not be a difference
of more than two cents on a pound loaf j
of bread, based upon existing prices, j
It is not the price of unmanufactured
wheat which is the cause of the high j
price of bread."
The Senator said propaganda is now
being carried on in the Northwest to
obtain grain cars so as to get all the
surplus wheat before June 1, "so they
can make big profits after the gov?
ernment guarantee is discontinued."
Two-Hour Earthquake Is
Recorded in Washington
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. -A severe
earthquake or double earthquake, last?
ing more than two hours and centered
between 3,300 and 4,000 miles from
Washington, was recorded to-day on
the Georgetown University seismo?
graphs. The shocks began at 6:42 a.
m., reached the maximum at 8 o'clock
and ceased at 9:03 o'clock.
The tremors also were recorded in
Chicago and Cambridge, Mass., and
were said to have been heavier than
the recent Mexican upheaval. At Har?
vard it was believed that there were
two earthquakes, about 6,000 miles dis?
BUENOS AYRES, Feb. 2.?Dispatches
from Minas Geraes, Brazil, report that
an earthquake on Sunday shoot down a
number of houses in the country dis?
tricts, causing great excitement among
natives. The intensity of the tremors
was said to have been without prece?
dent in the region.
Whalen a British Knight
Decoration Conferred for Court?
esies to Prince of Wales
Grover A. Whalen, Commissioner of
the Department of Plant and Structures
and Mayor Hylan's principal political
adviser, since last Friday has been a
British Knight of the Victorian Order
of the Fourth Class. The insignia was
bestowed on him by the British gov?
ernment on account of the courtesies
shown by the committee, of which Mr.
Whalen was secretary, which had to do
with the entertainment of the Prince
of Wales on his visit to New York late
i last fall. mr _. .
The decoration making Mr. Whalen
a knight has been shown to only his
most intimate friends. The betting at
Tammany Hall last night was 10 to 1
that Mr. Whalen would not wear his
decoration at the annual dinner of the
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick next
month. Mr. Whalen is a brother-in
law of Jeremiah O'Leary, editor of the
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Along pointed collar
with a higher-than
Bsoal. band and greater
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CARL ? WICSOH
Taov, N. V.
Union of Four
Consolidation Is Expected
to Weld Into One Unit
500,000 Workers of Five
Boroughs of the City
Called Blow at "Reds"
Merger Proposed at Confer?
ence Here Attended hy
Gompers; Men to Vote
The amalgamation of the four con
tral labor bodies of greater New York
was assured yesterday as the result of
action taken at a conference of labor
leaders at the Continental Hotel.
The conference was presided over
by Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, with
whom sat members of the executive
council of the national organization
and representatives of the Central
Federated Union of Manhattan and the
Central Labor Union of Brooklyn. The
consolidation is expected to weld into
a harmonious central body 500,000
workers of the five boroughs of the
city, and place under control certain
radical elements that have for a long
time been working at cross purposes
with the national body.
The merger is proposed in a resolu?
tion adopted at the conference in which
it Is planned to bring together the New
York Central Federated Union, the
Brooklyn and Queens Central Labor
Union and the Bronx and Staten Island
bodies, which have long remained in
I active. The proposition will be
thrashed out at a meeting of commit?
tees of the central bodies and the
? executive council of the American J
Federation of Labor within the next |
sixty days, and then placed before the i
workers for a referendum vote. Mr. j
Gompers stated at the close of yes?
terday's proceedings he had no doubt
the amalgamation would be accom?
Politics Seen In Action
Representing the executive council
besides Mr. Gompers were James Dun?
can, first vice-president of the A. F. of
L.; Matthew Woll, vice-president, and
Frank Morrison, secretary. For the
Central Federated Union were. Edward
I. Hannah, president; Morris Brown,
Edward Gould, Ernest B?hm, E. C.
Rybicki and William Kohn. James P.
Coughlin, president; F. Kehoe, J. Cos
tello, R. Behling and F. Rauscher rep?
resented the Central Labor Union of
While the action was apparently
taken to bring about a closer coopera?
tion between the various labor bodies
of the city, there were intimations that
politics played no small part in bring?
ing about the move. It was stated one
of the objects in the reorganization was
to "throw cold water" on the American
Labor party movement, to which the
A. F. of L. lias been opposed from its
In this connection William Kohn,
president of the party, who was pres?
ent at yesterday's conference as a dele?
gate from the Central Federated Union,
issued a statement in which he de?
clared that "if any attempt should be
made to disrupt in?, American Labor
party or to hamper it in any way the
movers in a scheme of thui sort know
they would strike a snag. I have not
been informed officially that that is
the idea in mind at this conference, I
but the American Labor party is too
well intrenched to be hampered by any?
Disobedience Laid to Member?
Tho plans for the amalgamation of
the four borough unions are said to
have grown out of a series of acts of
the Central Federated Union declared
to be in direct violation of the orders
and policies of the A. F. of L. The
union's indorsement of tho American
Labor party, its attempt to foment a
general strike last August during the
B. R. T. walk-out and its tardiness in
dropping two outlawed unions from
its rolls on the orders of the A. F. of
L. were pointed to as some of the in
! stances of "insurgency."
As a result of the last mentioned in?
cident, which grew out of the print?
ers' strike three months ago, repre?
sentatives of the univ^n were yesterday
brought up on charges of disobedience i
before the executive council commit- I
tee. The charges were preferred by j
George L. Berry, president of the in?
ternational Printing Pressmen's and
Assistants' Union. r?o decision oh
these charges was reached yesterday,
and it was said that in view of the
union's agreement to the consolidation
it is probable they will be dropped. If
pressed, the union is in danger of los?
ing its charter.
Before leaving lor Washington last
night, Mr. Gompers said: "The de
? cisi?n to amalgamate was arrived at
I harmoniously and unanimously and
I there is every prospect that it will be
Railroad Wage Decision
To Be Announced To-day
Government Verdict Not Indi?
cated, but It Will Be "Def?
inite and Final"
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.?An answer
to the wage demands of the 2,000,000
railroad employees presented last July
?Vill be given to-morrow by Director
General Hines at a conference with of?
ficers of the brotherhoods and other
railroad unions. There was no inti?
mation as to what the government's at?
titude would be, but it was said to-day
that the answer would be "definite and
This conference probably will be the
! last on thlB subject during tho period
of government control, which ends
March 1. Decision on the demands of
I the workers has been deferred pending
I the outcome of the government's ef?
forts to lower the cost of living.
Mrs. Perley Spiker (at left) and Miss Emily Knowles holding her "war baby." It was largely through the
efforts of Mrs. Spiker, whose husband is the father of the child, that Miss Knowles was released from
Ellis Island yesterday and admitted to the United States. The inserted picture is of Guy Spiker, a
brother of Perley Spiker, who is to marry Miss Knowles within a week.
Wife Opens U.S.
To Spiker Baby
Continued from vagti 1
Knowles and Albert Ray Knowles (he
was named, temporarily, after an uncle
killed in Flanders), but the officials re?
fused the cash. No facilities for han?
dling cash, they said. Liberty bonds
would do as well, they said.
So Guy was sent limping at top speed
to catch the ferry on its next trip to
the Battery with a card of introduc?
tion from the lawyer to a downtown
bank and instructions to exchange such
portion of $1,000 as was necessary to
obtain Liberty bonds with a similar
It was 3:16 p m. when Guy returned,
but he had the Liberty bonds, minus a
few coupons, and actually with a mar?
ket value of about $940. Just as though
it was the Wonderland of Alice, instead
of the gateway to America, the smaller
sum was accepted, and then the lawyer
was given a slip of paper addressed to
"McKee, chief detention inspector," which
instructed that individual to turn over
to Benjamin Kirschstein the persons of
Emily Knowles and Albert Ray
Knowles, with the further information
for McKee that an agreement had been
reached that the mother and child, on
leaving Ellis Island, would go directly
to the home in Fall River of William
Battersby and his wife.
"What Do I Care," He Says
McKee, in blue brass-buttoned uni?
form, ignored the paper in Kirsch
stein's hand when the lawyer entered
the particular corridor where the* chief
detention inspector rules. Moreover,
Mr. McKee waved back everybody else,
including ('ora and Guy Spiker and the
flock of reporters and camera men.
"But the boat is being held for us by
order of Commissioner Uhl," protested
"What do I care?" queried Mr. Mc?
Kee. "Everybody back."
Then he caught sight of the release
order in Kirschstein's hand, and in?
"Why .didn't you show me that in
' the first place ?"
Then he beckoned for Kirschstein to
follow him, and suggested that ho bring
one man to carry baggage, and so Guy
i was selected. Cora and her audience
? turned and scurried down the stair
! ways and through groups of tagged and
j sorted immigrants, the Galician Poles
; carefully separated from the Sicilians
! ;>nd other varieties of Italians, reach
j ing the entrance to the ferry breath
1 less, but in advance of the lawyer and
! his charges.
In a moment they appeared in the
I covered passageway that leads from
the main building to the ferry slip.
Limping along in the rear was Guy,
bent over under the weight of Emily's
suitcase. The lawyer led the way,
grinning broadly. Just behind him
was Emily Knowles, and in her arms
muffled in a gray shawl the wide-eyed
cause of it all, littlo Albert Ray him?
Cora's wide-brimmed black hat.
edged with ostrich feathers, was lifted
an inch from her blonde hair, and her
j plum-colored coat with the deerskin
I collar stood out behind, so swiftly did
: she rush forward to clasp in her arms
the timid appearing Emily.
Swiftly, even >oughlyt Cora grasped
her by the elbows and kissed her. Then
she called her "Emily, dear" and
? Emily's brown eyes shone with excite
j :nent or embarrassment. But Cora's
light blue eyes were alive with fire,
j and in another moment she had taken
' the baby into her arms, and with gen
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I t?o, but eager fingers pulled the cover?
ings from his face.
"Oh, the darling," murmured Cora.
[ Then, to Emily:
I "He is very much like my little
? Yetive was when she was a baby. Perley
! said I'd think so."
Snapped by Photographers
The skipper of the delaped ferryboat
i Jerked the whistle cord, and Cora,
j Emily, the baby and Guy walked aboard,
preceded by a backwai'd-stepping line
of photographers, who snapped the
! shutters of their black boxes held like
| votive offerings before the amazed
There were more pictures taken on
I the upper deck of the ferryboat on the
i irip through the ice floes to the Bat
! tery, and little Albert, supported by his
: rusher's hands, stood on her knee and
ignored the Statue of Liberty disap
; pearing in the mists. A taxicab brought
? the strange party to 280 Broadway, and
1 in Kirschstein's offices Cora and Emily,
seated side by side, had a chance to
\ talk over the immediate future, while
Albert Ray, on his mother's lap, im
| partially chewed with toothless gums
j the thumb of his mother and the wed?
ding ring of his soon-to-be fostei
Before they left that office Cora re?
newed a request made previously in a
letter that she be allowed to adopt the
; baby, and Emily, dazed but apparently
happy, agreed to do anything that Mrs.
, Spiker wanted. As for Guy, he stood
and grinned, and had almost nothing to
say except in response to a question
I as to his matrimonial intentions, and
! then he said:
! "If Emily will have me we'll be mar
, ried right away."
Emily nodded her head and said:
"I think Mr. Spiker is very nice tc
' want me, and I hope we will be mar?
ried very soon. I want to keep baby.
; but if Mrs. Spiker wants him to adopt
i I'll gladly let her. She is a wonderful
'? woman and I owe everything to her
; I think I'll be happier in a new country.
I My mother was afraid I shouldn't be,
: but if she could see how kind Mrs
j Spiker is she'd be happy, too."
Emily didn't volunteer any informa?
tion about her romance with Cora'.1
! husband beyond saying that she had mei
him while she was working in an officers
j mess as a "W. A. A. C." at the aviatior
l training camp at Mouse Hole, England
In reply to a not very discreet question
she did say, however, Perley Spikei
was no more and no less responsibh
Kirachstein warned them that it was
getting close to 5 o'clock, the hour fix?e
' for the sailing of the Fall River Lin?
boat, and so Cora took the baby in he?
arms and Guy followed with Emily, anc
they walked over to the river front
Albert Ray fell asleep on the way am
Cora, peeping at him from time to time
commented on his resemblance to Yetivi
when that yellow haired girl was i
Pair to Lire in Baltimore
"Guy and Emily will live In Balti
| more near us, but in another house,'
explained Cora. "I think that will b<
best. I love them both and I am sin
cere when I say that there is not i
I trace of bitterness for what has hap
! pened. What I am doing I cannot heli
doing. It is my idea of justice. We'l
' straighten everything out and do ou
: best to restore to Emily her happiness
Yetive has been praying for a brother
and we have told her that she is going
to get one. She will love this darling
just as much as the rest of us will."
When the Plymouth nosed out into
the river on the start of the night
trip up the Sound to Fall River and the
home of Emily's mother's friends, the
Battersbys, the baby was nursing in
his mother's lap in the cabin of the
boat and Cora's arm was resting on the
girl's shouider. Guy was straightening
out the baggage.
Oil Land Leasing Bill
Agreed On in Conference
Legislation Which Has Been
Pending Ten Years Is Believed
on Road to Enactment
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. ?Three
j months of bickering and an almost un?
breakable deadlock on the oil land
leasing bill ended late to-day in an
agreement by House and Senate con
l ferees. The conference report will be
submitted to the House to-morrow and
an effort made to obtain immediate
The agreement of the conferees is
expected to be approved with little op?
position, thereby completing legisla?
tion which has been pending for the
last ten years and which will-open up
for development approximately 76,000,
000 acres of public domain in Western
As now proposed the bill affects oil,
coal, gas, phosphate, sodium and oil
shale lands and is strictly a leasing
measure, all provisions for outright sal?
having been eliminated. Only a mini
j mum royalty is permitted. All royal
j ties derived from oil, gas, coal, phos
Iphate and sodium produced in the fu
ture will be distributed 52^s per cen
to the reclamation fund, 37V? per cen
to the states and 10 per cent to thi
The Senate remedial provisions, ove
which a deadlock developed, and whicl
is designed to permit an adjustment o
differences over claims growing out o
the development of the naval reserve;
in California and Wyoming, were it
Under a compromise, however, sale:
of surplus oil lands by persons hold
ing more than 8,200 acres, the maxi
mum allowed under the bill and mad<
ater last October 1, would be invali
Bill Calls for Abolishing
Of Sub-Treasury Her?
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.?A bill t
abolish sub-Treasuries at Baltimore
Philadelphia, New York, Boston. Cin
cinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, New Or
leans and San Francisco on Januar;
30, 1921, was introduced to-day by Rep
resentative Platt, Republican, Ne\
York. Duties would be transferrei
to the Federal Reserve banks, th?
* Treasury, mints and assay offices.
A Real Opportunity
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At Greatly Reduced Prices
-AT ALL STORES
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131 W. 42d ST.. NEW YORK
153 BROADWAY. NEW YORK
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510 FULTON ST.. BROOKLYN
Poles Consider J
Offer of Peace
Impression Prevails in Lon?
don That the Allies Are;
in Favor of Ending Hos-i
tilities Between Nations !
Esthonia Accepts Terms
New Bolshevik Uprising Re?
ported in Trans-Caucasia;
"Reds" Capture Tiflis
LONDON, Feb. 2,?Confirmaion was
\ received to-day that the Polish govern
I ment, in conjunction with the Allies, is
i considering the offer of peace made by
Premier L?nine of Soviet Russia, For?
eign Minister Tchitcherin and Minister
of War Trotzky, on behalf of the Coun?
cil of the People's Commissaries. The
offer, which was contained in a wire?
less dispatch received from Moscow last
week, invited a friendly settlement of
all disputes and outstanding questions
between Poland and Soviet Russia.
Stanislas Patek, Minister of Foreipn ;
Affairs for Poland, who has been in :
London recently consulting David Lloyd
George, the British Prime Minister, was j
due back in Warsaw Sunday.
It is believed here that the Allies fa
vor peace negotiations between Poland
and Soviet Russia, but according to M.
Sapieha, the Polish Minister here, the
entire matter will be decided by the
Polish Diet after it has heard the re?
sult of M. Patek's discussions in Lon
\ don and Paris.
M. Sapieha said to-day the Poles had
no intention to attack Soviet Russia, al?
though they realized the necessity of
holding a strong defensive position,
pending a conclusion of peace, lie added
no territorial difficulties were likely to
Peace was definitely concluded this
morning between Esthonia and the
Russian Soviet government, it is an?
nounced in a wireless dispatch from
Moscow this afternoon.
A Bolshevik rising is reported to
have occurred at Tiflis and Kutais, in
Trans-Caucasia. Both cities are de?
clared to be in the hands of the "Reds."
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 2.?The Soviet
peace offer to Poland promises that
?'Red' armies will not cross the line of
the present front in White Russia. It
makes a similar promise on behalf of
M. Litvinoff, Bolshevik envoy here,
discussing reports that strong Rus?
sian forces are massing on the Polish
and Rumanian frontiers, said Russia
had taken precautions, but the great
desire was to make peace and de?
mobilize her armies.
Litvinoff said the Soviet government
was ready to demobilize immediately
peace was signed and guarantees given
that Russia would not be exposed to
sudden attack and that the Allies would
| refrain from intervention.
WARSAW, Feb. 2.?Concentration of
I large numbers of Bolshevik troops
north of the Dvina River has been pre?
vented by attacks of Polish units, ac?
cording to an official statement issued
by the War Office here to-day.
2 New Yorkers Perish on Tug
SAVANNAH, Feb. 2.?Identification
of four of the five bodies washed
ashore on Jekyl Island, revealed that
at least two men from New York were
among the crew of ten, all of whom
are believed to have perished when the
tug Fortune, Newport News to Miami,
foundered off the coast. Those identi?
fied included Jacob Columbus, chief
engineer, 354 Forty-seventh Street,
Brooklyn, and William McCarthy, as?
sistant engineer, New York.
Correct computation of In?
come Tax returns depends
on accurate interpretation of
exemptions and deductions
Failure to understand the
fine points of distinction in?
volved has resulted in many
embarrassing and costly
The Certified Public Ac?
countant, thru special study
of this difficult aspect of the
law, is in a position to render
Draw Bank B W?JOfltora't
. - ^^ . ? i ? 'i
Mine Owners See Ruin
In 14% Wage Increase
Declare Proposed Scale Will
Cut Their Profits to Less
Than 1 Per Cent
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2.?Mine oper?
ators in the central competitive tied
. will "realize less than 1 per cent net
: return on the capital investment" if
i the proposed 14 per cent wage increase
I is applied throughout 1920, represent
| atives of the operators told the coal
; strike settlement commission to-day,
| basing statistics on net earnings for
Figures were introduced by the oper
j ators purporting to show that had the
14 per cent wage increase applied
jthrough 1919 the mines of the Pitts
I burgh Coal Producers Association,
which turr.ed out 15 per cent of the
! output in the competitive field, %vou!d
i have fallen $G,000,000 short of a 6 per
cent return on capital invested.
Numerous figures were presented on
'the average earnings of miners. Ran
I dorn figures indicated that pick miners
, earned $L'13.27 a month of twenty-seven
days in thick vein fields and $209.84 in
I thin vein fields. Instances were noted
I where machine runners earned as high
j as $12 and $15 a day in selected
John L. Lewis, acting president of
I the United Mine Workers, ebjected to
1 the figures. "The operators," he said,
j "neglected to say that the machine
runners worked ten, twelve and six?
teen hours a day. These figures mean
nothing. The only fair way to ascertain
a man's earnings is to take his earn?
ings for a year."
^?^E advertise Saks
tailoring a minute
every day because Saks
tailoring advertises us
every minute of the day.
Quality always tells!
BROADWAY AT J4th STREET
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