\inenraniwitioii Is Second
in Popularity, With l,a
hor. Capital and Social
Legislation Next in Order
Bolshevism Well to Fore
Problem of Army and Navy
Ranks Seventh in Interest;
Tariff Seems Submerged
The Tribune's National Republican
pat form Contes! has entered its sce
? week ?! a greatly accelerated pace.
\\ -h a total of 1,191 planks submit
_? th? foreign relations issue leads
jr popularity, with 125 votes. Next In
r.'itx are Americanization, -with 110
Tftte,?, snrl labor ?Tid capital, with 103.
Social legislation and suggestions for
tue correction of Bolshevism are well
forward in the field.
The problem of army and navy ad
.--oration ranks seventh in the in
t>re*t of men Rnd women who are
?ring serious thought to the framing
?,- * platform of the people, by the
people, for the people. Some writers
imposing reforms in these depart
r.nt? advocate the appointment of a
former admiral for the po9t of Secre
urr of the Navy and of a man of thor
jjgh military training for that of Sec
?*tary of War.
Rivision of the diplomatic servie*
ilkl large in the popular mind, as
jiaicBted in the discussion in this con
Amer'can representatives abroad
IN selected by some other test than
?pability and fitness, according to re
?Tpr? o' ri c? ' ; event,-:.
The subjec! t f tariff baa been sub
herged somewhat at this early stage
the contest having; received only
rty-two votes for place in a model
- itform of ten plank?. A; the pr?s
? ? rate tariff declaration would be
even po:-'u removed from tenth place.
'.Vide scope of interest in The Trib
'- Repul can Platform Contest is
??.?? -erf in p_r ever-increasing volume
from ;-'; parts of the I nited
Army and Navy Inaura Peace?
Disavowing attempted military ag?
grandizement, wo place ourselves on
record as unalterably in favor of a
proper insurance of peace through an
adequate? army and navy, not main?
tained through irregular allotment
of funds for material or through
patriotism of an underpaid personnel
in giving their services to the nation,
but by a regular and adequate allot?
ment of funds for maintenance of
material, based on the value of the
industry, commerce and peace in?
sured, and an adequate compensation
of personnel based on the value of
services rendered in comparison with
similar services performed for com?
mercial and industrial organizations.
Budget System a Remedy
Inasmuch as universal reduction of
, expenditure is of first importance
during this period of reconstruction,
we advocate a revision of our tinan
' cial policy, with the immediate adop
I tion of a national budget system. Our
| present method has been tried and
found wanting; the plan of budgetary
legislation, adopted by Great Britain
a- d Sv ?tzerland, has proved a distinct
success. The one makes for waste and
extravagance, the other for thrift
and economy. The government can
i not demand prudence and saving of
its people while setting a different
i standard for itself.?F. D Warren
j Jr., Plafnfteld, N. J.
Ten Rales of Government
We will establish a budget system;
submit the league of nations ques
! tion to referendum; repeal the es?
pionage act and enforce laws pun
j ishing revolutionists; support an
! American merchant marine and en
; courage young Americans to go to
j sea; provide legislation to stabilize
| and ?"nance the railroad:-: conduct
j Americanization campaigns among
?he foreign element; guarantee a liv
THE STORY OF REVILLON FURS
A Winter Tour b>
These two dog teams are taking
Mr. J. M. Revillon on a tour of in?
spection of posts in northern Canada.
Frequent trips to distant posts have
made Revillon officers as familiar
with the ways of the North as the
traders and trappers who live there.
In order to get the hest furs it is
necessary for the head of the com?
pany to keep in constant touch with
tlie? sources of supply.
Fifth Avenue at 53rd Street
^rCSiMttrti & ?*?
1 AND 3 WEST 37TH ST.
ONE DOOB PROM FIFTH AVENUE
An overstuffed Easy Chair and a Floor Lamp
of pretty design set in the corner of the
Living Room adds an atmosphere of comfort
and attractiveness to any home, and can be
obtained at McGIBBON during February at
prices that are really moderate.
Easy Chairs?Wing Clhairs-?-Sofas
(Chaise Longues?Slipper Chaire
Made in our own Shop.
Polychrome Floor Lamps
Polychrome Table Lamps?Boudoir Lamps
Stow Hours: 9 A. M. to 5:30 P. M.
inr wage to government employees;
establish a protective tariff und en?
courage American industry; reduce
the cost of living even if necessary
to control big business; abolish child
labor and guarantee sanitary and
decent working conditions to labor.
? W. W. P., Hotel Monticcllo, City.
Market for U. S. Bond*
We. the Republican party, believe
inasmuch as a largo majority of pa?
triotic American peoples are owners
of the Liberty bonds of the various
issues, that direct Influence should
be brought to bear upon the large
financial institutions of tho United
States to create a just and fair mar?
ket for the bonds, so that this great
mass of people may be able to real?
ise :t full return of their savings,
which they gladly loaned to their
country in its hour of need, and who
are now forced to sell because of the
present excessively high living cost.
L. D. Barnard. 7f> Fifty-second
Street, Corona, Long Island, N. Y.
Coercion Fatal to Democracy
In n democracy the use of co?
ercion by mobs, riots, strike?, force
of arms or cunning legislation by
political partisans, capital, labor,
socialists, communists, I. W. W. or
"Reds" is contrary to and subversive
of democratic government. Their
every temporary victory is a defeat
of the government of, for and by
the people, and dooms it ultimately
to "perish froim the earth."--E. G.
Holden, TjTon, N. C.
Protective Policy Reaffirmed
We lead all nations in mining,
manufacturing and agriculture. We
have the highest standard of living
and wages anywhere on earth. Wc
posses.-* a he nie market for the
products of labor more valuable than
the markets of the world outside.
This position of world supremacy is
the result mainly of wise Republi?
can tariff legislation. The Repub
lican party reaffirms its belief in
the American policy of protection
and would levy duties upon all for?
eign products imported wl ich come
into competition with the products
of our own labor sufficient to equal?
ize the difference in cost of produc?
tion here and in foreign countries.
W. C. F.
"Watchful Waiting" Repudiated
A weak and unfortunate neighbor
rig state along our Southern bor
ber is either unable or unvrilling
to maintain order and give to Ami ri
eai-i citizens sojourning: within her
boundaries the same protection of
life und property which we accord to
Mexicans while resident m the
United State?. We have also suf
fered much loss and many indigni?
ties by reason of raids across our
border. We are weary of the policy
of watchful waiting. We demard
clear and definite measures looking
to the establishment of safe ar.d
peaceful relations with the Republii
of Mexico.?W. P. C.
Railroad Prosperity Essential
We believe the prosperity of the
railroads of the United States is
essential to the adequate and con?
tinued industrial development of this
i ountry. Such prosperity is de?
pendent on the granting of such
rates as will enable the railroads
10 carry freight and passenger?
<-?.fe!y and properly and leave to
them a reasonable income above
fl:;ed charges. The financial suc?
cess of the steel, sugar and other
"idustries under price control would
?<fem to indicate the appropriate
course to follow, i. e., private own?
ership with competition under Fed?
eral control of rates and account?
ing systems.?E. P. Shaw. 10 King?,
ley Avenue, Rutland, Vt.
Sermon on the Mount and
Decalojrue Adequate "Planks"
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir. As the main "planks" in the Re?
publican platform, I beg to suggest
the "Sermon on the Mount," the Deca
1 ogue and our Lord's ' Summary of
the Law." All other "pla'iks" will
take care of themselves. W.
Right to Change Form of
Government Declared To
Be Inherent in People
When Legally Exercised
No Danger in Agitation1
Amendment by Minority
Impossible; Majority Has
Right to Alter System
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Among the platform contest
letters that have been printed was one
signe,I "Jurist," advocating n limit to
amendments to the Constitution. The
writer contends that the fact that the
Constitution can be amended causes
agitation for amendments "that may
not lawfully be adopted" and may
cause ngitation for overthrow of the
He does not seem to realize that the
government in this country is whal
the people want it to be. If they want
to overt ii row 'heir present, form of
government, and have some other form
they are entirely within their rights in ,
doing so. Amendments cannot he
passed by h minority. So long as those
advocating reform of government stick
to constitutional means of doing so we
have iiothing to fear, for they recog
nize the power of the majority of the i
people to rule. What we should fear ;
are those who would overthrow the ?
entire Constitution and set up some
other form of government, not by
amendments but by revolution.
The Constitution, if in need of any |
amendment reform, should he more :
easily amended rather than otherwise.
England is without a written constitu?
tion. Parliament amends the constitu?
tion every time it passes a law, for the
constitution is the laws of Parliament.
j Yol with 'his system England in the
past has thrown off the yoke of tyran?
nical kings, abolished the power of
the House of Lords and become n->
truly a democracy as the United States.
'Were our Constitution unamendable we
still would have slavery.
Perhaps when we can look at the
question through the perspective of
lime .i other more recently passed
amendments also will he viewed in the
ight i- ?' posii ive reforms.
ARETAS A. SAUNDERS.
21 Edlie Avenue, South Norwalk, Conn.
Election of President
By Popular Vote Urged
Situation in 1916 Cited to Show
Weakness of Electoral
To t: e Editor of The Tribune.
S ;: During the last Presidential
elect on, when for days it was uncer?
tain which candidate had been se?
lected by the Electoral College, the re
suit hinged upon the vote in the State
of California. This state had thirteen
electoral votes, which, when finally de
j cided for President Wilson, gave him
the election by ::77 electoral votes to
264 for Mr, Hughes The vote cast by
the people in California was 466,200
for President Wilson and 462,394 for
Mr. Hughes. The total popular vote in
the country was 0,129,269 lor Mr.
Wilson and 8.547,328 for Mr. Hughes.
a difference of ?t>l,D41 in favor of our
Now. suppose a very possible thing
had happened and California's popular
vote had been reversed. Mr. Hughe?
would have obtained 466,200 vote? and
Mr. Wilson 462,394. The thirteen elec?
toral votes would have gone to Mr.
Hughes and he would have been elected
President. Mr. Hughes. therefore,
would have been elected with a, total
popular vote of 8.651,134 and 267 elec?
toral votes, while Mr. Wilson would
have been defeated with 9.125,463 vote?
and 264 electoral votes, in other words,
even though Mr. Wilson would have
had over half a million votes more than
Mr. Hughes he would still have been
"The President of the United States
shall be elected by a majoritv of the
votes of the people." J. NADEL.
No. 150 East Ninety-second Street.
Admonition by Lincoln Urged
As "Head?iner" in Platform
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As a constant reader of your
100 per cnt American paper, and as a
Republican voter, I want to add my
bit to the party platform. The plank
that in my estimation should be taken
as a headliner is a quotation from no
less a person than Abraham Lincoln.
"Let every American, every lover of
liberty, every well-wisher of his pos?
terity, swear by the blood of the Revo?
lution never to violate in the least
particular the laws of the country and
never to tolerate their violation by
The above quotation was taken from
an editorial that appeared in your
naper several days ago.
H. W. Y.
Conditions of the Platform Contest
HE Republican National Convention will meet in June to nominate
candidates and draft a platform for the 19U0 campaign. What
should its planks be?
The Tribune believes you ought to have a chance to help write these
planks. It offers you an opportunity to gel your ideas before the
The Tribune invitas you to submit your planks and to write letters
about the planks proposed by other readers through its columns.
For the best plank and letters 0f discussion The Tribune offers
the following prtres:
For the beat plank.
For the second best plank
For each of the eight next best planks
For the best letter a dally pri?e of
For the beet letter In the whole comp?tition
THE TRIBUNE will make up a
platform of ten planks to be
determined by your votes.
Every plank submitted and every
letter advocating a plank will be
counted aa ? vote for th? issue
Th? ten Issue? receiving the
most votes will be the planks o'
the final platform- The ten planks
that best express the chosen issues
will be selected by the judges for
the prize awards.
The Tribnoe believes in short
platforms. It limits each plank to
100 words. In judging between two
planks or letters of equal merit
the shorter will be chosen.
Every plank and letter must
bear the name and address of the
sender, although only initials or a
nom de plume will be published
if the writer so desires.
The contest will close April 30,
1920. A mann8cript mailed be?
fore midnight on that day at any
place In the United States will bo
Manuscripts will not be re?
turned, even if stamps accom?
The judges of the contest will
be three of The Tribune's editors.
They will award the prizes, basing
their decisions on sound thinking
and brevity, clearness and strength
To the FIditor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Republican party ia
peculiarly fitted to put forth in
the new platform a single domi?
nant message which shall do more
to stabilize conditions than any?
thing else. That message is
Nationalism as opposed to Inter?
nationalism. It shall plainly point
out that it 1b a man's duty to be a
citizen of the, United States, not
a citizen of the world. The Repub?
lican party is peculiarly fitted to
say just that thing, because all
1 the great Republican leaders have
: been contented to be simply good
There are some of us who still
believe in America first. And to
the charge that we are narrow
and provincial and sectarian we
answer that, believing in America
first, we may better serve the
interests of the entire world. Let
no one forget that the United
States has developed by herself.
Hither chance, or fate, or God, has
' planned that our nation should
spring from the purest blood, in
the best soil and in the most
League of Nations
That same power kepi America
free from the crimes and lust .
i and intrigues of mediaeval Kurope.
As a result we grew up clean and
| strong. It is but the blindest ideal
| ism that asserts that now, not yet
fully developed, we should sui
j render our privilege to grow and
; function and create our own ideals
I in our own way.
The world needs the United
, States as a distinct nation. When
a world need has appeared the
? United States has met it only as
I a nation could meet it that had
i been brought up to respect its
] difference and distinction and
; unique position in world affairs.
I The leaders of the Democratic
1 part'y have missed this from the
? first. They kept us back when the
great war began from rendering
i our service because they did not
! understand that our service was
uniquely necessary, and now they
desire through the unreserved
league of nations to surrender
i American individuality. Our only
! hope of serving the world lies in
' our remaining Americans.
The Republican party must
promise to be American first. It
must produce a leader whose
prime business will be to stay
home, where Bolshevism and high
prices and unstable business and
loose and partisan thinking and
backboneless internationalism de- ;
mand the government's full atten- i
tion. It must undo the interna?
Roosevelt would cry out for this
thing. His spirit does cry for it.
Lincoln in his own way would be
explaining the divinity of Ameri?
canism. His spirt has always ex?
plained it. 'Che new platform of
their party may be stated in
"In everything, for the world's
good, America first."
JAMES LKE ELLEN WOOD.
Schenectady, N. Y.
Best Cure for Unrest
, Reforms in Food. Lodging and
i Labor Condition* Solution of
To rhe Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: 1 think America's policv to th*
foreign born should be to mak'* them
? hsppv. The policy of the foreign borr
j should be to demsnd happiness. I am
I not using the word duty.
To N'etv York City there come? i
Some contestants aeem to be con?
fusa,j about the rules of the plat?
form contest, and think that an en
tire platform must be presented \r.
100 words or less. The limitation
appTes to single planks, and it is
for planks, not platforms, that
prir.es will be awarded. Some have
sent in planks containing as many
as 200 words. These planka and all
others exceeding 100 words were,
under the rules, refused considera?
As for letters, there is no limita?
tion, but when two communications
are of equal merit the shorter one
will be given the preference.
Russian Jew, say, in "the pursuit of
happiness." He lands in an Allen Street
tenement, perhaps on a level with the
elevated road. He sleeps on the floor
of a crowded room. He works in a
basement, sweat shop. He eats ex?
pensive, bad food. He thinks New York
worse than Odessa, and he hateo
O??"ssa. He want? to wreck the Amer
i??an government. He talks, talks, talks'
The political exiles to America of
1820, 18S0, 1849 and later dates cjitn
to a plcasan* land flowing with ?milk
and honey and they became grateful
citizens. They pursued happiness and
found it. Let the newcomer here have
a reasor.ab1" chare for happiness. If
he *nrl enough of his frienda a-sk foT
concrete reform? in N'p-w York Clt>
they car. get them. It would be gr?o<J
policy on their part to aak?good policy
, on New York's part to gira.
1 A. I*H.
I iKSi i Jill tosrc?Bn&t^B iK
Will you profit by the
Experience of the
National Bank of Commerce?
WILLIAM C. HENCHY,
Manager of the Credit De?
partment of the National Bank
of Commerce in New York, says:
"We have 15 Dictaphones in
use at present and they give entire
satisfaction for the work for which
they are used."
We should like to have you see
for yourself, in your business and on
your work, why ITie Dictaphone
:s the choice of institutions that
are seeking short cuts in their cor?
respondence work. No matter
whether your office is large or
small, we are ready to install
Dictaphones to demonstrate its ad?
vantages in speed, accuracy, and
economy. Do you want to see what
The Dictaphone will do for you ?
Baa; C S. Pat. Off. aa* Paraten Garotorfaa
4'The Shortest Route to the Mail-Chutm"
American Railway Express, New York, N. W.
Fulmer, General Purchasing Agent, says : "On a
one month's test, covering 18 operators with an
average output of 1,591 letters per day we found
the cost for transcribing a little under 3#c
The American Rolling Mill Company, Mid
dletown, Ohio, says : "We have 68 Dictaphones
in use. The Dictaphone system has proved itself
in our work to be greatly efficient, a time saver
as well as a saver of expense.**
The American Surety Company, New York,
D. H. Cook, Superintendent of Agencies, saytt
"Having installed The Dictaphone in many of our
agencies throughout the United States, we are free
to say that it has proved to be a great time saver, and
constitutes a helpful feature of our organization.**
New York, Chicago & St Louis Railroad
(Nickel Plate), Cleveland, C. A. Beck, Chief
Clerk, says : "We are using at present approxi?
mately 100 Dictaphones in our various departments
with mighty gratifying results.'*
Phone or write for convincing demonstration in your office, on yout work
THE DICTAPHONE. Phone Worth 7250-Call at 280 Broadway, New York
Branch offices also located in the following cities
Newark, N. J. Albany, N. Y.
There it but one Dictaphone, trade-marked 'The Dictaphone,** made and merchandised by the Colombia Graphophene Co.
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