Newspaper Page Text
( Six American
Out in Mexico
Rancher Tells Senators of
Raid* on Mormons in
Chihuahua; Total Losses
Estimated at $3,000,000
v$rm* Literally Stripped
Owners Who Remained to
Protect Their Property
Were Brutally Murdered
By Wilbur Forrest
EL TASO. Tex., Feb. 3.? With a re
?orter for the Carranza government
?ittine in tn0 f-' i,af!0 Count>" Court,
room taking shorthand notes, the Fall
Senate committee here to-day intro?
duced into its records as severe con?
demnation of chaotic conditions in
Mexico as has been heard during the
sessions along the international border.
The absolute financial ruin of six
flourishing American colonies in the
?t?te of Chihuahua, with 1,350 Mor?
mons originally from Utah driven out
ind their homes burned to ashes, was
ftiated to the committee.
Captain S. H. Veater, for thirteen
years a rancher in the Mormon colony,
Chuichupa, was spokesman for the
colonists. He told of the slaughter of
many of the Mormon men who re
jnair.ed behind after women and chil?
dren were sent back to the United
<:t?tes so destitute that the American
government was forced to clothe, feod
jnd care for them in a tented refugee
coior.y in Ei Paso before paying their
jgilway fare to homes of friends and
relatives in various parts of the
Meiican Agents Conspicuous
Veater was the Senate committee's
f.rat witness in El Paso. Mexican
secret service agents were about the
County Court Building when the ses?
sions opened to-day. Along with the
shorthand reporter in the committee
room they were the only visible evi?
dence of the strenuous campaign of in?
timidation being directed here by the
Carranza government against witnesses
subpoenaed to appear before the Sen?
Many prospective witnesses have
property interests in Mexico. In addi?
tion to being denied entry ever again
into Mexico as penalty for their testi?
mony, many, the Tribune correspondent
learned to-day. indirectly have been
threatened with destruction and confis?
cation of their holdings, and ever,
worse. The Fall Committee has ignored
this campaign thus far and will seek
to force those knowing of conditions
in Mexico to divulge facts either in
open or executive sessions.
Veater drew a dramatic word pict?
ure of the peaceful and extremely
prosperous condition of the six Mor?
mon colonies before the Madero revo?
lution. Then came destruction, he
''These beautiful colonies are utterly
destroyed; horses, cattle and livestock
of ali kinds and modern farm and
dairy machinery were taken from un?
der our eyes," said he. "First they
forced u? to surrender our arms and
ammunition. Our small towns then
were ransacked, the revolutionists un?
der Genera's Orozco, Salazar and
Blanco even breaking the windows out
of a desire for sheer destruction.
Pianos were hacked to pieces. It was
a systematic attempt to run us out.
caused by jealousy. I believe."
"We w.-re told that the time had
come when Mexicans were going to live
in good houses," the witness said.
Veater told of the looting of the Col?
ony Bank, in which he personally lost
$4.000 cash, and how schoolhouses were
Vised for stables and homes for pip?
pins, except those which Mexicans oc?
cupied. Irrigating dams were blown
up, and in one colony, especially, Amer?
ican live stock was rounded up and di?
vided among the Mexican citizens, and
everything that Americans owned was
either taken or ruined.
During the Pershing punitive expedi?
tion every remaining house was
burned, the witness declared, in rage
against Americans. He told how sev?
eral men who remained to protect what
they could were killed, some bodies be
Water estimated the aggregate loss
?f the Chuichupa colony alone at $600,
000. The other colonies, he believed
lad lost equal amounts, making the
entire Mormon losses about $3,000,000
"Cur colonists were a law-abiding
people and had never suffered a single
arrest for any cause," Veater said
"There was no reason, except jealousy
*hy we should have suffered. We ad?
vanced wages of our Mexican em?
ployees from 50 cents to $2 a day in
ten years. But after the revolution we
?ere at the mercy of any band that
happened along, and received the same
treatment frorh rebels, bandits or Fed?
erals, and neither the Madera, lluerts
nor Carranza government offered us
"Even if the present Mexican govern?
ment were in good faith," the witness
asserted, "I believe the Mexican poopl?
are now so accustomed to genera
ehaos, looting and disorder that then
is no chance for re?stablishment of oui
o?onies or readjustment of the coun
The witness declared some of th?
colonists are now back in Chihuahua
aoping to till their devastated land
He expressed little confidence in theii
ability to do so.
The wreck of another American col?
ony, the Comacho Land Company':
tract of 11,000 acres in the State of
Tamaulipas, came to light in the tes?
timony of W. A. Schultz, now a refugee
in El Paso. Schult?, told how twenty
flve or thirty Mexican soldiers, one an
officer, spat on him and stoned him as
he passed their barracks one day in
1916. On another occasion when hi'
went to Tampico to ask military aid
of General Navarette, Carranzista com?
mander, to capture the slayers of nn
American named Sawyer, a colonist,
Navarette told him, the witness said,
"We are going to clean out you damned
"We were offered every guarantee
of safety in li<08 and established our
colony," Schultz testified. "We got
along all ight even after the revolu?
tion began with every one but the Car?
ranzista troops, and they took every?
"My wife and 1 operated a small
hotel, and from time to time wo were
forced to feed at lenst 1,600 of these
"We left Mexico becnuse our houses
were sacked and everything stolen.
"We went back in* 191? because wa
were assured by both the Mexican and
the American governments that condi?
tions were safe. Thon we were or?
dered out ajrain by our government."
Schultz left Mexico by way of Vic?
toria, a city between Tampico and
Monterey. Here, he testified, he paw
Colonel de la Rosa, of the Carranza
army, drilling soldier.--,, and was told
thrt these troops were to invade the
Diabolical Crime Charged
The diabolical crime of n Mexican
bandit to pet revange on an American
ra;!road officia!, ars the result of which
nine Americans and more than two
score innocent Mexicans perished in ?
burning railway tunnel in February,
1914, was related to the committee.
E. E. Eck, an American railroad con?
tractor for the American-owned North?
western Railway of Mexico, was the
witness. His own son was brutally
murdered on another occasion.
"Castillo, the Mexican bandit respon?
sible for the Cumbre railway tunnel
murders, is alive to-day and in the
State of New Mexico," the witness tes?
tified. The men who killed his son art
dead, killed by the "proper authority,"
Eck told the committee, hut the com?
mittee did not press from him the fuil
story of how the Mexicans died.
An American railway official named
Gilmartin, the witness said, had been
paying the Castillo bandits money for
alleged protection?for their promise
to not burn bridges owned by the com?
"They had burned many bridges, and
I had been rebuilding them for some
time." Eck said. "Finally Gilmartin.
through no fault of his own, had been
delayed in paying Castillo $4,000. In re?
venge for this Castillo captured a train
of empty cattle cars and forced the
train crew to run the train into the :
Cumbre tunnel and set it afire. The
tunnel, a quarter of a mile long, was
lined with timbers, and it readily be?
came a furnace. The wind was such .
that smoke issued only from one en?
trance, and toward evening: a passenger
train entered the opposite mouth of
the tunnel. No one ever came out
alive. Among the dead was an Ameri?
can mother and her six children."
Castillo Set Free in United States
"What happened to Castillo?" asked
"He came to the United States, was
arrested, and finally set free by United
States immigration officers," the wit?
Eck related how his son. seventeen
years old, an American companion and
a negro were ambushed by a Mexican
band after their automobile broke down
in Northern Mexico. The son had sent
v.ord to him to come to them and
bring some gears. Eck testified. "They
were killed on October 20, and I found
F.nd buried their bodies on December
3, 1914. My son's companion had been
shot, and my son and the negro had
been dragged to death with horses and
mutilated. All of them had been
stripped of their clothing."
Mexico Still Holds Flyers
Imprisonment Reported To Be
DOUGLAS, Ariz., Feb. 3 --Lieuten?
ants G. L. Usher and L. M. Wolf,
American aviators, who made a forced ;
landing in Hexico yesterday, still were
prisoners of the Mexican authorities
at Nacozari to-day. However, it was
said their imprisonment is merely tech
nieal and they are being- treated with
the greatest courtesy.
The men passed last night in the I
office of Francisco M. Peraza, Presi?
dente Municipal of Nacozari. where a
bed was provided for them. This morn?
ing Governor Adolfo de la Huerta of |
Sonora, teiegraphed Presidente Peraza
to proceed with the two aviators to the
place where the plane is being guarded,
fifteen miles south of Nacozari, and
make a written report on the entire
Navy Target Record Broken
SAN'PEDRO, Cal.. Feb. 3.- The bat?
tleship Idaho established a new target
record for the Pacific fleet yesterday,
it was announced, when nine bull's
eyes over long range were made in
thirty-six shots with its fourteen-inch
guns. The former fleet record was
held by the Mississippi and was five
sull's-eyes in thirty-six shots.
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Penrose and Hays Confer j
In Former's Sick Room '
j Arrangements Made for Closer j
Connection of Pennsylvania
With National Campaign
! PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 3. Chairman
Will H. Hays of the Republican N'a- j
tional Committee, accompanied by
? Colonel William B. Thompson, chair- j
| man of the ways and means committee
of the national body, conferred here !
to-day with United States Senator ?
Penrose on national party matters.
The conference* was held in the Sena- i
tor's room, to which tie has been con- !
fined since last November by illness. :
Mr. Hays also met Mayor J. Hampton
Moore, District Attorney Samuel P,
Rotan and Colonel James Elverson jr.
Mayor Moore, authorized by Chair?
man Hays to speak for him of his j
Philadelphia visit, said the confer- !
ence related to the national campaign,
The result of the conference, Mayor
Moore said, is that there will be a
closer connection between Pennsylvania
and the national committee than here?
tofore. "There will be a better under?
standing with regard to the systematic ?
i effort to organize the Republican party
: and attach it to the national work pre?
liminary to the national campaign,"
I said Mayor Moore.
Facing Split Over
???rphy. It Is Said, Will
Bolt if Attempt Is Made]
to Instruct Delegation in
Behalf of the President
It is expected that, the Democratic
State Committee, which meets on Fri?
day at the Hotel Knickerbocker, will
call a conference of the state committee
and leaders for February 26, at Syra?
cuse, at which time the four delegates
at-Iarge to the Democratic National j
Convention in San Francisco will be !
It has been assumed right along that
the Big Four would be Governor Alfred j
E, Smith, Charles F. Murphy, Norman
E. Mack, of Buffalo, national commit- '.
teeman, and former Governor Martin
This slate may be broken on account I
of the growing sentiment among the
Democratic voters in New York against
a third term for President Wilson.
Charles F. Murphy, it was said yes
terday, has told his lieutenants that he
personally would prefer to go as a \
district delegate. Circumstances may
prompt him to becutne one of the Bip ;
Four, in order to prevent any move?
ment in the New York delegation look?
ing to the sanctioning- of a thid term
for President Wilson.
Meanwhile the Tammany men are
wondering if Norman E. Mack or for?
mer Governor Glynn will be of the
Big Four. Mr. Mack is on record a*
favoring a renopiination for President
Wilson, if the President is a candidate. ,
Former Governor Glynn is a Federal
Industrial Commissioner by grace of
fche President. It is assumed that
Glynn and Mack could be persuaded
easily to support President Wilson for
anything he desires.
For this reason, the leader of Tam?
many Hall will, it was said last nipht.
make it his business to learn before
Messrs. Glynn and Mack are chosen
for delegates-at-!arge whether they
favor a third term for the President.
If they do. they will be opposed by
Tammany and all the leaders around
the state that can be influenced by
In the event that Mack and Glynn are
dropped, Joseph Murphy of Troy, or
Lieutenant Governor Walker, of Ring
tiamton, or Miss Elisabeth Marbury,
of New ork, may be substituted. The
latter is not likely to be chosen, it
was said yesterday, unless the Re?
publicans send a woman as one of the
The proposed date for the Demo?
cratic state conference comes a week
after the date for the unofficial Re- |
publican state convention, which will
meet at Carnegie Hall on February 19
and 20. The Democrats will be guided
to some extent by what the Repub?
licans do at their convention.
As yet they have not decided to have
a "keynote" speech or a platform. The
Republicans will listen to a formal ad
dress by ex-Secretary Root and adopt
$25.000 Prize for "Flu" Cure
DENVER, Feb. 3.- "The Denver Post"
to-day announced it would pay $25,000
to the physician finding a cure for in?
fluenza. The money is to be paid after
the cure has been approved by the Rock?
efeller Foundation and Johns Hopkins
To Fight King
Active Campaign for Dele
pates Announced; Oppo?
sition of Former Aid Is
Said to Clear Atmosphere
Two Organizations Unite
Leonard Wood League and
Campaign Committee to
Operate in Co-operation
Colonel Thomas W. Miller, nssistant
Eastern manager of the Leonard Wood
campaign committee, said last night
that next week the Wood men in New
York :in<i Connecticut would lend a
hand to the opponents of John T. King,
of Bridgeport, notional committeeman
from the Stute of Connecticut, and for?
mer field manager of the Leonard
\\'oo?l campaign committee, with the
idea of capturing the national conven?
tion delegates from that state fur Gen?
eral Wood and at the same time assist
ing in the movement to retire Mr. King
from the nat ona.l committee.
The Wood men say Mr. Kinjr is fight?
ing them und? r cover all over the coun?
try, and they point to the switching of
Wood delegates in Missouri as proof
that he is out to do all the harm to ?
the Wood campaign that he can.
The Tribune's special dispatch from
St. Louis yesterday, telling of the de?
fection of supporters from the Wood |
ranks who were in line while Mr. King
was the field manager, but who broke]
away as soon as he left the Wood!
movement, caused a good ?ieal of com- i
ment around the Wood headquarters at I
the Imperial Hotel. While- it was not
news to the Wood men that Mr. King'
was fighting them, it prompted plans'
for reprisal against the Bridgeport
Consider Prospect Improved
The Wood men say the. prospect of
obtaining the Connecticut delegation
for General Wood is much better than1
when Mr. King was in the saddle, as!
his leadership had split the party there.
Colonel Miller has an appointment with
J, Henry Roraback, of Canaan, chair
man of the Republican State Commit?
tee, and other leading Republicans, and :
he will start on Friday to work fot
General Wood in that state.
??Now that Mr. King is openly op-:
posing us, we know b'-tter where we
-tand and what we can depend on than
we did while he was with us." said |
Colon?l Miller. "I believe that there ?s
a large and growing sentiment for Gen?
eral Wood in Connecticut, and that it-i
will increase now that Mr, King has;
laken subs against us. Beginning this
week, we shall wage a brisk campaign
not only in Connecticut but in Maine,
N ?w Hampshire, Vermont, Massachu- i
ietts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jer?
sey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Marj
and. We believe that (?criera! Wood
Tas a long lead on other aspirants for
the nomination in those states, and we
.ire going to see to it that we maintain ;
what, we already have."
Wood Promoters Unite
At a meeting of the Leonard Wood
League yesterday at the Imperial Hotel,;
hat organization wa.- practically!
merged with the Leonard Wood cam-,
aaign committee. Colonel Miller, who,
s associated with Representative .Nor- !
nan J. Gould in New York, as assistant!
Eastern manager of the Wood cam-1
oaign, was elected chairman of the ex
?cutive committee of the ?"ague. As-i
50ciated with him as a steering com-1
mittec will be Representative Gould, |
Horace C. Stebbins, Lastern treasurer
if the Wood campaign, and DeLancey
K. Jay, who has been secretary of the
Leonard Wood League since its in?
Under Colonel Miller's direction |
there will be the closest cooperation
between the league and the political j
managers of General Wood's campaign.
The- league was organized last August !
by a number of General Wood's
friends, and has been the leading!
agency throughout the country in
crystalizing the sentiment for him. It
is expected that the close connefttion
between the league activities and the
political managers of the campaign will
insure the utilization hereafter of
Wood sentiment throughout the coun?
try and make it practicable to corral
uncommitted delegates favorably dis- '?
posed toward him.
Japan Mav Make Loan to (Jiina
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3. The State
Department was advised to-day that the
Tokio Nichi Nichi Sunday announced
that the Japanese Cabinet plans to per
mit a separate emergency loan to China
by Japanese bankers unless there is
some early action by American and
English bankers in the matter of a
Story of Artist, Accused
Of Slaying Wife, Denied
Mesones Never Applied for
Passport for Her Declares
ROMF, Feb. 1. -Louis Ignatius Mes?
ones, the Peruvian artist accused of
murdering his wife, never applied for i
a passport for Signora Mesones to en
able her to visit South America, ac- I
cording to Felice Santi, Peruvian Con- |
sui here, to-day.
In explaining the disappearance of j
his wife from Rome in January, 191K, j
Mesones is alleged to have announced
?he had? gone to Peru, later declaring
the ship on which she had sailed had
sunk at sea. Soon after his marriage
Mesones asked for a passport to Peru,!
the consul said, but he never made :
use of it.
NAPLES, Fob. 1. Police officials in?
vestigating the story told by Louis Ig- I
natius Mesones when he was arrested !
in Rome for wife murder have made j
la cereful search through shipping rec- '??
' ords and have found no ship left this;
? port for New York in January, 1918.
j .Mesones said hi:= wife sailed for Amer?
ica from Naples, but authorities assert
this statement was not true.
Cummings for Harmony
at Syracuse Conference
Chairman Tells Central and |
Northern New York Leaders
Partv Has "Right to Rejoice"
SYRACUSE, Feb. 3, A review of the
iegis, ative achievements of the Demo
cratic party, an attack upon the Re?
publican partj for its attitude toward
the league of nations and a plea for
harmony marked an address by Homer ,
S. Cummings, national Democratic :
Committee chairman, at a conference
here to-night of party leaders from ;
central and northern New York.
Cummings declared "every Democrat |
has a right to rejoice in the unparal- '
leled record of our party, enriched a.-; :
?t has been by a leadership which has
carried America to greater heights of
prosperity and honor and glory thai:
she has ever before known."
"It is a literal fact." he said, "that
during our control of the government
nrior to the war we placed upon the
statute book.'- more useful and con?
structive legislation than the Repub?
lic? n nartv had placed therein in a
Cummings said: "The gentlemen who
are now ?carting the Republican party,
criticizing the President of file 1'nited
States and warning the people against
the league of nations, are the bad ad
visers of (dd, whose counsel led to
t rouliie and whose advice had to be
discarded before America could make
Dehs Files for President
Alan Under 2.VYear Sentence
Seeks Place on Ballot
LANSING. Mich.. Feb. 3.--Petitions
were filed with the Department of
State to-day asking that the name of
Eugene V. Debs he placed on the Mich
igan ballot as Socialist candidate for
President at the April primary.
l>'>hs, who was convicted of violating
the espionage law, is now in the Fed?
eral prison at Atlanta, lia., serving a
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NEW YORK'S MUSIC WEEK
National Music Exposition : Grand Central Palace
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. .,M ,.-,, i??i?-?naaaataanwaamamawaawa
On Rail Wages
Little Actual Progress Made
at First Conference of
Union Leaders and Di?
rector General H i n e s
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3.?Prolonged
discussion of demands for increased
wages between railroad administration
ofiicials and representatives of the
2,000.000 employees of Federal con?
trolled railroads had netted no tangi?
ble results when the first session o:
the conference adjourned to-night
While neither Director General Hinei
nor the labor leaders would make i
public statement concerning the day'.
negotiations, it was understood tha
the argument thus far had failed t?
crystalize into a definite program.
Director General Hines had not pre
sented his proposals in their entiret
when the conference adjourned unti
to-morrow, having adopted the policy
of hearing argument from all union
heads as each particular statement of
the government's case was laid before
the conference. The Administration
thus obtained a comparative | idea
of the labor view as individual claims
and counter arguments were taken up.
It was not believed to-night that tne
conference would result in a solution
of the whole wage problem. Some of
the demands wer? expected to be with?
drawn and otherB probabably will be
compromised or be ?submitted to the
union membership directly affected.
All will be thrashed over, however, be?
fore the conference ends.
The union leaders are expected to
spend much of to-morrow forenoon
discussing among themselves their
future paJicies. As it appeared to-day
that the various organization officials
were not together on the questions
considered. Few arguments were said
to have coincided, each union being
dissatisfied with some particular fea?
In some instances changes have
been made in the demands which were
made last July and which finalv -were
laid before President Wi'son, who re?
quested delay pending efforts of the
povernment to bring down the cost of
living. Most of the union officials do
noi feel t! at any progress has br-en
made in reducing the cost of living.
and this point wa3 stressed during
the discussion to-day.
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