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:V^71[XXIX No. 26J88
&S?E* *? A&st^tk*. Truth: News-?ditorials-Adverti
New >?rk Tribune Inr.j
Snow or rain to-day; probably falr a-?d
slightly warmer to-morrow;
increasing strong winds.
Fall Hrport on VmU F?ge
SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1920
SIn Greater New Vork and I THREE CEXTI1
TWO CENTS}withln rommutinit distance I Klaewhorv
Senate Kills Treaty; Returns It to Wilson;
Vote Is 49 to 35; 24 Democrats Oppose It
Big German Cities
Essen and Other Indus?
trial Centers Held by
'Reds,' Who Install Gov- j
ernments bv Soviets i
Outbreaks in Berlin
Soldiers at Capital Open
Fire on People With Ma?
chine Guns, Killing 80;
To Guard Americans
BERLIN7 March 19 (By The As
sociated Press).?Essen surrenderedl
this afternoon to armed workmen j
after violent fighting, in which it is
estimated that. three hundred per
lons were killed.
It is reported that Communists j
have occupied five railroad stations
to the east ot* Berlin, and that troops
are being rushed thither in armored
Reports from various parts of
Germany indicate that hundreds
have been killed in clashes. du'1 to
the Spartacide outbreaks in many
A party of soldiers attempting to
pass t.bo Alexanderplatz this after- i
noon was stopped by a crowd, where
iijion the soldiers fired machine guns.
kiliing some people. The number i? '
placed at about eighty. Several per?
sons also were killed in a crash at
Tbe American Embassy has noti-1
fied the American newspaper men :
that should the situation become;
dangerous they and their families;
can find rcfuge at tbe embassy.
The Attorney General has insti
tuted proceedings against Major
Gefleral von Luettwitz, Gottlieb von
Jagow and others identifieel ^vith tbe
The great feelir.R- of uneasiness
here was accentuated to-day by the
non-appearance of the newspapers. i
The city thus was left prey to the
wildest rumors. Everybody was ask
ing his neighbor what next would
The general strike situation in the
city remains unchanged. The postal
services and tlie railway-, and tram
waya were at a standstill, and the
telephone and telegraph employees.
threatened to strike at any moment.
The street fighting i\t Kiel only end?
ed this evening1, after great damage
was caused by mortars. It is believed
the number of victims in tlie disorders
here was very great.
A dispatch from Stuttgart says Pre?
mier Bauer, l?r. Hcrman Mueller, Min?
ister of Foreign Affairs, and Herr Gies
berts, Minister of Posts and Telegraphs,
left for Berlin oh a special government
train at K-. 10 o'cloek to-night.
Troops to Ruhr District
Loyal government troops are semi
officiaiiy reported to be marching to
the Ruhr district, where fighting is al?
ready proceeding between armed "Reds"
and local troops. The government
forces are expected to reach Dortmund
Troublo also is reported in Barmen
Md Elberfeld, Rhenish Prussia, but the
ftvernment expects to have the situ
?tion ii, hand shortly. ln Duisburg and
ihisseldorf there is some anxictv over
Red" outbreaks. ln CaFsel, where
p,ffht persons were killed ami six others
founded. and in Halle-on-Salle order
nas been restored. There has been a
Bolshevik rising at Leverkusen, but it
was put down hy workmen belonging to
'le Socialist party without military as?
Advicea from Hamburg report that
government troops in the station there
were disarmed without hloodshed and
wilors had hoisted the white flag over
.-j C,,;.u.,s<'rf, Schwarzburg. Uegensburg
W.n utlesbach- The captain of the
"ittiesbach committed suicide by
Reports have been received here of
" extrenic radical movement in Sax
Th? ? tho adjaeent parts of
co?? igla' A congress of workers'
eounc.h, of the districts met at
Y?.u yesterday. Four hundred
r'Wttea wero in attendance. A reso
JWWn was passed with only two dis
ment /?les dcmanding the disarma
curiM , rpg"lar troops, the se
":!,y Kuarri and the volunteers. The
"oiution also demanded the forma
of th worknien's ffuards under control
tiVn 70rkors' covincil>j, and the forma
.??orW ? - rcvolut'onary employees and
conx!.r?Rolution furthor demanded the
ton\ocat.on of a Central Soviet Con
"*???the establishmeut of revolution
'on r?Ur!* ?? tr>' I)r- KaPP' General
ihe tf Uv[U and t!,ei'' supporters,
and i. Se of a11 Political prisoners
lMy?trikef?r t'im? l0St tlUr,"g ,h?
ie^2UR?. an Rlfreemcnt had been
? leader, /^""day night between
Urv I. *Z ? ? w?rkmen and the mili
"*J a ?'thoritregjitj.eipsic for a p<,ace.
CmUbu* m n? thrn
COBENHAGEN, March 19.?
Warrants have been issued for
the arrest of General. Ludendorff
and of Colonel Bauer, character- +
ized as LudendorfTs "right-hand
man." says a dispatch to the "So?
eial Pemokraten" to-day from
The Berlin correspondent of the
"Politiken" declares that General
Ludendorff is compromised in the
highest degree in connection with
Action to Curb
Witb Premier Millerand He
Urges Council of Anr
hassadorg to a Stronger
Attitude by the Allies
By Ralph Courtney
Special Cable tn Thc Tribunr '
? 'opyrlght, iruo. New York Tribune lnc>
PARIS, .March 19.- During an ex
changt of views here to-day at a meet
ing of thc- c-oiincil of ambassadors ap?
peals for a mnrc active attitude tow?
ard events in Germany were made by
Marshal Foch nnd Premier Millerand,
France .sccs just as grave a menace.
to Ihe Versailles treaty in a Commu
nisl government in Germany as in a
return to power of the militarist
crowd. and she sccs the same reasons
for intervening in Germany as led her
to advocate anti-Bolshcvist interven?
tion in Russia. II thc German gov?
ernment were .seix.cd by Communists,
France. for the second time wit'nir. n
few years, would lace great monetary
loss through the same agency. Much
of the nation's liara earned savings
invested in Russian bonds vanished
wiiii the advent of a Bolshevist Rus?
sia. France's great hope for the fu?
ture will be endangered if a Commu?
nist government should place Germany
in a position wherctho collection of
the war indemnitv would be impossi?
Secs Proletarian Revolt
France also notes with anxiety the
parallel between thc present situation
in Germany and tlie .-ituation in Rus?
sia which preceded thc advent of Bol?
shevism, and a recent Bolshevist wire?
less message hclps to acce'ntuato he
parallelism. Thc ''Temps" repro
duces the message "for attentive ex
amination." It contains Steklof's
statement in "Izvestia." official organ
of the Soviet government, to thc ef?
fect that "Germany's Kornilof affair
only serves as a prologue for the real
proletarian revolution, which will come
Credence also is given in the
"Temps" to Radek's opinion, "We don't
yet know what the German workers
are eapa'ble of doing against :heir
Kornilof. but the military coup-d'etat
in Germany is of considerable and
world-wide importance. General Luett
witz, in overthrowing Noske, has torn
up that scrap of paper known as the
Treaty of Versailles."
France needs no persuasion to make
her believe. that she is in danger of
los ing hor right ful claims under the
treaty, and she is prepared for any
actioii, however drastic. to keep these
claims secure. England, on the other
hand, having undertaken heavy ccm
mitments in Turkey, ls unwilling to
Continued on paq-> thres
Guarded by Dutch
Police Follow Few Steps
in Rear as He Walks in
Bentinck Castle Park
AMERONGEN, March 10 (By The As?
sociated Press).?Evidence that an ex
tremely close guard has been placerr by
the Dutch government over former Em?
peror William was obtained to-day.
Police officers were detailed to follow
him, a few steps in the rear, aa he
| walks about the garden of the Bentinck
i Castle here.
*THE HAGUE. March 19 (By The As?
sociated Press). It is believed that
! former Crown Prince Frederick Will
I iam was asked to-day to give a pledge
; to his father not to mix in German pol?
itics and to consent to definite intern
' mcnt- r? i u
Secrctarv General Kan of thc Dutch
; government went to Wieringen to-day
and conferred with Frederick William
; and Burgomaster Prrebofm.
f The nnti-militarist and anarchist so?
cieties of Holland have arranged a
demonstration to be held in Amsterdam
I March .'50 to protest against the resi
dence of the Hohenzollcrns in Hollana.
If vou ar* tn iiop.I of help. nr want a
position. call th? <iond Mornln* Girl, BeeU
man 3000. and let hpr Insert your adver
tiacment in to morrow's Tribune.?Advt.
Third Deputy Commis?
sioner and Ex-Secrc
taryto Chief Charged j
With Neglect of Duty|
Suspended at Once
Peiiding His Trial!
Two Patrolmen Allege He
"Protected" a Wfoman;
Bench Warrant Issued
Augustus Drum Porter, Third Dep?
uty Police Commissioner, was indicted
yesterday by the grand jury for neg?
lect of duty. He was suspended im?
mediately thereafter b.y Police Com?
It is charged in tha indictment,
which was found after testimony by
three policemen, that Porter, a former
lieutenant colonel of the 12th Infantry,
National Guard, well known in society
and Guard affairs, former private sec?
retary to Commissioner Enright and
until yesterday censor over all news
coming from Police Headquarters, was
found with a woman in a West Ninety
sixth Street apartment on the night
of November 12.
The indictment is ihe third handed
down by the grand jury in its inves?
tigation of thc alleged vice graft con?
spiracy involving members of the Po?
lice Department. Others are against
Detective John J. Gunson, of Inspector
Dominick Henry's staff, and Detective
Frederick F. Franklin, of the Fifth In?
spection District, both accused of ex?
tortion from women of the streets. All
three indictments have been abtained
by Assistant District Attorne_v James
Bench Warrant Issued
The indictment. against Porter was
filed with Judge Malone in General
Sessions, who issued a bench warra;.t
for the Deputy Commissioner. The
lattor immediately was notified to sur?
render himself. About 4 o'clock yes?
terday afternoon Frank Hendrick. a
lawyer, of 120 Broadway, called Mr.
Smith on the telephone and promised
to produce Porter before Judge Ma?
lone at 10 o'clock this morning.
Hendrick was the attorney who ap
. peared for Jennie Carello, alias Jennie
. Burk, and Kittie l>aiy, aiias# Kittie
Smith. the two women held in*$lo,000
bail each at the Waverly House as ma?
terial -witnesses in the case of Detec?
i The business men's organization
that stootl behind Hylan for Mayor had
; Mr. Porter as one of its most active
j officers. It was in recognition of his
; services in this direction that he w^s
appointed secretary to Commissioner
The indicted man has been known
; along Broadway for some tim" as a
] "good sport" and a "regular follow."
; Only recently, reporters who were in
! the West Forty-seventh police station
j one evening saw Mr. Porter come in in
; a jovial mood, followed by a patrolman,
j who had a chauffeur in custody.
Sat at Chauffeur's Trial
i The Third Deputy Commissioner
i took the lieutenant's ehair behind the
I rail and. after a whispered conversa
, tion, announced that he intended -to
i "sit as a magistrate at this trial." He
; then demanded of the dazed chauffeur
j what he had to say for himself.
"I don't know what to say." the man
j replied. "You asked me how much it
j would cost to ride a few blocks. I told
j you fifty cents. On the way here you
I had me stop and pick up a cop. When
? we got here you told him to arrest
After a whispered conversation be
I tween Mr. Porter and the lieutenant
\ the latter ordered thc prisoner to go
j into the back room. Mr. Porter then
; departed and the man was released.
Porter's indictment was obtained on
| the testimony of Patrolmen Frederick
; Sorger and Hilbert Wheelwright, now
j of the Beach Street Police Station and
: formerly detectives in the special
I service squad under Inspector Thomas
j V. McDonald. Their story was corro
i borated by Detective Matthcw J.
j Sorger and Wheelwright were de
| moted last Friday from the detective
I force to duty as patrolmen. Their
i demotion. they said. was sudden nnd
j despite the fact that they had done
| two years of diligent work on In
| spector McDonald's staff, during which
| they made many arrests. especially in
the district commanded by Inspector
j Henry. ln the latter district, they
Continued on ?*o? nln*
Japan to Yield
TOKIO, March 13 (By The As?
sociated Press) (Delayed).?It is
understood here th^t the govern?
ment has instructed Yukichi
Obata, the Japanese Minister in
Peking, to begin negotiations im?
mediately for a spcedy settlement
of the Shantung question, as the
views of the Japanese and
Chinese commissioners appointed
to investigate have been found to
concur in the main points, and
Japan is ready to make large con
cessions toward an amicable so
Duchess of Marlborough
; 4DtV Leader Denomiced for
j Attack Upon Gillett Be
raiise He Sponsored Beer
Bill; Demand an Apology
From o SJaff Correspondent
ALBANY, March 19.?Assemblymen
in Albany are indignant to-night over
\ the letter William II. Anderson, of the
! Anti-Saloon League, has written to
i Colonel Ransom H. Gillett, formerly of
' the 27th Division, and Republican
' member of the Assembly from Colum
i bia County. The letter was an attack
upon Gillett because of his sponsoring
! of the light wine and beer bill, and it
i is expected it will result in a resolu
; tion being introduced Monday night
i demanding that Anderson be brought
i before the bar of the Assembly. So
I arigry are members of the Assembly
' they dec'are they will insist upon an
: apology from Anderson or will send
him to jail the same as the Assembly
! did James Garrison, the publicity man
; for former Governor Sul/.cr.
! Anderson in hi.-, letter assailed Gil?
lett because of his introduciion of the
I light wine and beer bill. Anderson
' charged Gillett with endeavoring to
| nullify the Eighteenth Amendment, and
i declared men more intelligent than he
! tried, to'do the same thing with the
amendment abolishing slavery, but
Both Sides Are Angered
j Assemblymen who are known to bc
. for a "bone dry" enforcement bill are
? just, as angry at Anderson as tlie
j "wets." They object to what they tenn
j an ins.ulting attack on a soldier who
I was decorated by both America and
' France for his valor on the held of
j battle, and who is still suffering from
| the result of bayonet wountis an.l gas
"Were it not for the fact that my
i right ann is useless as a consequence
! of wounds," said Colonel Gillett to
j night, "1 would pcrsonally hunt out
I Anderson. Far bp it from me to
j capitalize my war record. But, might
j I not ask Mr. Anderson what he did
I for his country while the menace of
: German militarism was casting a
'shadow on the country? I know what
! he did. He remained in America and
i continued to receive his fat fees from
1 the Anti-Saloon League and millionairc
i employers who are the league's linan
! cial s-uppqrt."
Cite the Garrison Case
Assemblymen declare the Garrison
case during the Sul'/.er administration
! is a suflicient, precedent to justify the
j passage of a resolution demanding the
appearance of Anderson before the As?
sembly. Assemblyman Louis A: Cuvil?
lier to-night recalicd that Garrison was
jailed by the Assembly for publishing
insulting statements about the Assem?
bly when he refused to apologize.
At the annual convention of the offi?
cers of the National Guard here to?
day Colonel Gillett, who took a promi?
nent part in the proceedings, was urged
by practically every one present to
I force an apology from Anderson. As?
semblyman Cuvillier said he canvassed
the officers and found every one
favored a light. wine and beer bill.
Nomination of Colby
Is Reported Favorably
Confirniation Next Week Ex?
pected to Follow Senate Foreign
Relations Comniittee Action
From TUe Tribunc's Washington liurca''
WASHINGTON, March 19.?The nom?
ination of Bainbridge Colby to be Sc?:
retary of State was reported to the Sen
ate to-day with a favorabla recommer.
dation from the Foreign Relations Com
j The action of 'the committee was i
I refutation of the charges brought
] against Mr. Colby and which the com
'mittee investigated behind closed doors
i His early confirniation by the Senatf
j was predicted by the Senate leaders.
In voting ihe favorable recommenda
I tion of Mr. Colby, it was stated, thre<
? or four members of the committee re
\ served the right to vote against con
I firming Mr. Colby when the vote ii
I taken in the Senate.
The appointment will be confirmort
early next week< it is believed. Th'
Statef Department now is without a see
retary, and until Mr. Colby takes of
fice no passports can be issued or oftl
cial state papers be proclaimed or sen!
Former Consuelo Vander?
bilt Begins Proceeding
in London for Restitu
tion of Conjugal Rights
Action No Surprise;
Separated for Years
Duke Has Resided in
Blenheim Castle and His
Wife in London Home
LONDON, March 19. -The Duchess of
Marlborough has instituted a suit for
the restitution of conjugal rights.
Thc petition of the duchess. which
is the usual preliminary to divorce in j
England, apparently has caused no sur?
prise in London. The Marlboroughs
have been separated for several years,
the duko passing most of his time at
Blenheim Castle and the duchess liv?
ing in London. The two sons of thc
couple have divided tlieir time between
mother and father.
The magniticent London house of he
duehess, which her father, William K.
Vanderbilt sr., presented to her, was
not oecupied during the war, the duch?
ess prcferring a more simple resi?
dence. The house recently was rented
for use as offices*b> thc league of na?
The hearing is fixed for next Mon?
Couple Have Two Children
In a suit for the restitution of con-j
jugal rights man and wife are called;
before a judge and an effort is maJe i
to smooth over pending difficulties. In !
case this is found impossible an action
for divorce usually follows.
The Duchess of Marlborough was i
Consuelo Vanderbilt, daughter of Wil- j
liam K. Vanderbilt sr., of New York, j
i.-nd thc now Mrs. H. P. Belmont. She j
married the Duke of Marlborough in I
New York in 1895. The couple have ;
| two children. Lord John, Marquis of |
' Blandford, who is heir to thc title of \
! Duke *8f Marlborough, and Lord Ivor. I
j The Marquis of Blandford was mar- i
iiied February 17 to the Hon. Mary
: Cadogan, nicce of the Earl of Cadogari, j
j at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster.
i The King and Qucen of Great Britain, ,
1 Princess Mary. Dowager Queen Alex- j
i andra and other members of the royal i
j hou=ehold nttended the marriage.
i The duke and duchess were separat- !
j ed in 1905 and, although King Edward
j exerted all his influence to reunite
! them, they have since lived apart. King
| George's efforts have been equally un
' successful. Several years ago thc duch
! ess was subjected to slights at court,
| which were construed by her friends
i as being due to her scparation. These
! were stopped at the command of the
Known for Work Among Poor
During the war it was reported that
! a reconciliation had been effected, for
j the duchess on one occasion visited
i Blenheim Castle, the ancestral estate
! of the duke. Nothing further came of
! the visit, however.
? The Duchess is better known for her
i work among the poor of London than
I for her achievements in the high soeial
j circles of England, to which her mar
j riage to the Duke entitled her. For
j many years she has been interested in
i work in the London slums, where her
! contributions to various charities have
been large. She is extremely popular
: among the poor.
In 1918 thc Duchess was elected to
'. complete an unfinished term in the
j London County Council from West
Southwark. In 1919 she won the elec
I tion which gave her a full three-year
j term in that body. She is the lirst
woman of American bi'rth to serve
U.S. Court Tells Hedges to
Move Against City Busses
|Directs Reociver to Ask Writ to
Halt Operation on Wil?
Judge Julius M. Mayer in the Fed?
eral Court yesterday directed Job E.
Hedges, receiver of the New York
Railways Company, to take all the nec?
essary legal steps in the way of bring
! ing suits to enjoin the operation of
I city busses over the Williamsburg
j Bridge. The busses are seriousiy af
j fecting the earnings of crosstown lines
i and the- lines over thc Williamsburg
' Bridge, Bronson Winthrop, of counsel
! for Mr. Hedges, told Judge Mayer
i when the matter of thc payment of
| coupons and interest due on bonds of
two lines of the New York Railways
! Company came up yesterday.
Mr. Hedges also was directed to at
| tend a conference with Morgan T. Don
; nelly, Deputy Public Service Commis
| sioner, but was instructed by Judge
j Mayer to make no proposition of any
j kind, but to give careful attention to
: any proposition that might emanate
j from tlie other side. Judge Mayer said
| the operation of surface lines over the
j Williamsburg Bridge had become un
| profitable through the operation of
j busses, which had no tolls to pay ex
I cept a small license fee. He said he
i hoped some way would be found to
. resunie the service of the lines on the
j bridge. which were recently suspended,
I but added that there would have to
f be some relief from tolls and other
! financial burdens before sucb a re
I sumption was possible. He declared
po tolls were charged on the Queens
Senate Vote on Ratification
WASHINGTON, March 19.?The roll call on the resolution of
ratification of the peace treaty showed the following vote:
Against the Resolution
REPUBLICANS- Borah (Idaho\
Brandegce (Conn.), Fernald (Me.),
France (Md.), Gronna (N. D.>,
Johnson (Calif,), Knox (PaJ, La
Follettc 'Wis. \ McCormick (111.),
Moses (N. H.?, Norris (Neb.l, Sher
For the Resolution
REPUBLICANS ? Ball (Del.),
Calder (N.Y.), Capper (Kan.), Colt
-(.R. I.), Curtis (Kan.), Dillingham
(Vt.), Edge (N. J.), Elkins (W. Va,),
Frelinghuysen (X. J.), Hale (Me.i,
Jones (Wash.), Kellogg (Minn.),
Kenyon (Iowa), Keyes (N. H.), Len?
root (Wis.), Lodge (Mass.), McLean
(Conn.), McNnry <Ore.!, New (Ind.),
Page (Vt.), Phipps (Colo.), Smoot
(Utah), Spencer (Mo.), Sterling ( S.
D.'l, Suthcrland (W. Va.), Wads?
worth (N. Y.), Warren (Wyo.'.Wat?
DEMOCRATS- Ashurrt (Ariz.),
Beckham (Ky.), Chamberlain i Ore.),
Fletcher (Fla.), Gore (Okla.), Hen
derson (Nev.), Kendrick (Wyo.),
King (Utah), Myers (Mont.), Nu
gent (Idaho), Owen (Okla.), Phelan
(Calif.), fittman (Nev.), Pomerenc
(Ohio), Ransdell (La.), Smith (Ga.),
Smith (Md.), Trammeil (Fla.i. !
Walsh (Mass.), Walsh (Mont.), Wol- |
cott (Del.)? 21.
? Total for ratification. -19.
Twelve Senators, nine Republicans and three Democrats, wer?
paired. Three Republicans and one Democrat were paired against
ratification, and six Republicans and two Democrats in favor of rati?
fication. The pairs follow:
Senators Newberry, Republican, of Michigan, and McCumber, Re?
publican, of North Dakota, for ratification, with Senator Fall, Repub?
lican, of New Mexico, against.
Senators Nclson, Republican, of Minnesota, and Harding,
Republican, of Ohio, for ratification, with Senator Penrose, Republican,
of Pennsylvania, against.
Senators Cummins, Republican, of Iowa, and Townsend, Repub?
lican, of Michigan, for ratification, with Senator Poindexter, Repub?
lican, of Washington, against.
Senators Gerry, Democrat, of Rhode Island, and Jones, Dem?
ocrat, of New Mexico, for ratification, with Senator Smith, Democrat,
of Arizona, against.
DEMOCRATS? Corner (Ala.),
Culberson (Tex.). Dial (S. C), Gay
(La.), Glass (Va.). Harris (Ga.),
Harrison (Miss.), Hitchcock ( Neb.',
Johnson (S. D.), Kirby (Ark.), Mc
Kellar (Tenn.), Overman (N. C),
Reed (Mo.), Robinson (Ark.), Shep
pard (Tex.), Shields (Tenn.), Sim?
mons (N. C), Smith (S. C), Stanley
(Ky.), Swanson (Va.), Thomas
(Colo.), Underwood (Ala.i, Williams
? Total against. 35.
Mayor of Cork
Slatn in Home
By Masked Men
Murderers Escape in Motor
Car; Easter Revolt Is
Not Expected; Necessary
Precautions Are Taken
LONDON March 20.?-Thc Lord Mayor
of Cork was shot dead at 1 o'clock this
morning. The revolver was fired by |
masked persons whose idcntity is un- I
known. They entered his residence and
after firing the shot escaped in an
By Frank Getty
-SjJrcial Cable tn Thr Tribune
j (Copyrlght, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.)
| DUBLIN, March 19.?Is there to be
. an uprising in' Irciand April 5, thc
fourth anniversarv of the Easter Mon
j day rebellion of 1916? Not so far as
. personal observation and close contact
; with the men who would be closely in
i volved in such a calamity tend to make
accurate any forecast of events in this
: contrary country, where a peaceful to
I morrow is as uncertain as the weather.
j Ireland is quiet. On the surface
i there is no indication of trouble un
' derneath. , In fact, the question of a
j possible revolt might not have arisen I
I but for a - report from London that
Allen Clement Edwards, a Liberal '
member of Parliament, intends to ask
the Premier Monday whether the gov?
ernment has received any information
that an uprising is planned for April
f> with German backing and sympathy
in local risings throughout England.
Naturally thc rep6*rt has served to
set tongues wagging and has unleashed
rumors of wars. Unless unforeseen
events between now and Easter further
aggravate the situation there seems to
be nojt the slightest possibility of a
recurrence of the bloodshed that
stained Ireland's black Easter week in
the middle of the war.
Government Takes Precaution
It would be the act of a madman to
precipitatc any such disaster on the
country, for it wou;d be a hopeless
move without the slightest chance of
success. As just a remindci to that
effect thc Rriiish government put thou?
sands of additional troop3 in Ireland
last week and has appointed district
commissioners to have first hand sup
Continued on next page
CHICAGO, March 19.--Patriek
King, appearing in naturaliza
tior. court this morning, not only
renounced allegiance to the Brit?
ish Empire and King George, but
also, by order of Judge Kava
naugh, he renounced hi? allegiance
to the "Republic cf Ireland" ar.d
Eamon di.- Valera, its "Presi?
This is the first case on record,
attorneys say, where tbe Irish
Republic has been officially rec
ognized by an American court.
U. S. Protests
Strong Reinonstranre Made!
Against Forced Sale of
German Property as Ini-!
tial Indemnity Payment j
WASHINGTON, March 19.?"Strong
remonstrancei" have been made by the
American government against rulings
of the Allied reparations committee
that under the peace treuty sale of cer?
tain German property in neutral coun?
tries can be forced if necessary to
satisfy the initial payment of the. Ger?
Under-Secretary Polk of the State
Department, writing to-day to Senator
Ilenderson. Democrat, of Nevada, said
"a further protest" was in prepara
tion, as such a construction of the
treaty was contrary to an official inter?
pretation exchanged between Germany
and the Allied powers.
Mr. Polk's letter was in rosponse to
an inquiry by Senator Henderson re?
garding reports that Great Britain had
requested that German property and
all the rights of German citizens in
electrical enterprises in South America
be taken over by th*e commission and
subsequently transferred to Great
Britain as part of the indemnity due it
% Mr. Polk Tclls of Protest
Mr. Polk said the Staie Department
had no information a% to this, but
"There has beei: received, however.
certain information having relation to
your inquiry to the effect that the
Allied governments represented on the
reparation? commission have advanced
and provisionally adopted a construc?
tion of Article 235 which would em
power the reparations commission to
demand payment by Germanv of the
initial 20.000,000,000 gold marks in any
commodities. gold. ships or otherwise,
which the reparations commission may
dt-sire, and in the excrcise ot such
power the commission may require the
sale o' German property in neutral
countrier, nt least if in'the form of
creuits or securities. Under such
power it is pobsibie that the sale to
the reparatiors commission of the se?
curities controlled by German corpo
rr.te enterprises in South America
might be required of Germany.
"The d.epartment is endeavoring un
officially to keep in touch with matters
coming up for dec'sion bc- "orr- the com?
mission :.-. order that any action of the
commission which ruigi t he in deroga
tion of American . w.de opportunities
shouid not pav; unchallenged. The de
?artment ls nandicapped, however, in
:hat it has no right to demand such
information, and th.is government, not
, having ratified the treaty. cannot exer
j cise the right to veto an interpretation
oftthe commission's powers such as
| contained in tho construction of Ar
: ticle 235 mentioned above.
; "Neverthelese, strong rcmonstrance
has been M.r.de. a:id a further protest
is in prepaiation on the ground that
, the assumption and use of such powers
j ia prejudicial tr general economic re
construction, offers in opportunity tc
Cc tli.ued cn pago four
Fll.I. TJ.XT CHARLES M. SCHWAB'f
Addrasa, "What a Young Man Must Do
to Succp<-rl '.n BuBir.?s?." at Trlnccton tlils
?'??k. ln The New Tork Times to-morrow
(Sunday). Order ln advance.? Adrt.
Knox Plan to
End War hy
To Be Urged
to Capitol to Urge Obe
dience to President's Or?
der Against Ratification
On Asking New Vote
Two-thirds of Republicans
for Resolution; "Irrec?
oncilables" Jubilant as
Long Fight Terminates
By Carter Field
From Thc Trib\ne's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, March 19.?Tho
Sonate to-night sent the peace treaty
back to President Wilson, after re
fusing to ratify it, oy a vote of 49
for to D5 against. T.'ie Senate then
adjourned until Monday, when Sen?
ator Knox will attempt to get up his
resolution repealing the declaration
of war and thus bringing about a
technical state of peace.
Administration leaders decided to
night to wait action by the White
House. The President can send the
treaty back to the Senate if he so
desires. In that case it would be
referred to the Foreign Relations
Committee and have to go through
the regular course as though it weie
The last hope of ratification failed
to-night when the "mild reservation
I ists" just before adjournment^sent
; word to Senator Robinson, of the
; Administration side, that they would
support his move to get the treaty
up again if he would promise that
some of the Administration-led
Democrats woutl change their votes
to approval. Mr. Robinson could
give no assurance of this, and with
drew the motion he had made to re
consider the treaty vote.
Change of Seven Votes Needed
Secretary Sanderson, of tlie Sen
j ate, has,been ordered to take tho
! treaty to the White Hou?e, and will
; deliver it there probably to-morrow
A change of seven votes would havo
I ratified the treaty. and twenty-one
i Democratic Senators of the twenty-four
I who voted or were paired against it ?
! all except Reed, Shields and Thomas ?
| did so frankly for no other reason ex?
cept that the President wanted the
l treaty killed because the reservations
; approved by a majority of thc Senate.
I were unaeceptable to him.
More than two-thirds of the Rcpub
; licans voted for ratification- ?thirty
i four. counung pairs, being for the
I treaty as against only liftecn, counting
pairs, against it. A majority of the
| Democrats - twenty-four, counting
pairs - were against it, to twenty-three
; for ratification.
Administration Leader Hitchcock
. made good his threat by delivering
, just twent>-one Administration Demo
! crats against ratification.
The only difference to-night from
the situation on the night of November
li>, just four months ago, when the
Senate refused to ratify the treaty
either with or without reservations, is
that to-night the treaty has been sent
' to the White House, whereas after the
November vote the document remained
? physically in the possession of the
This "clinchcr" was put on immedi?
ately after the ratification vote, and
| the treaty was ord( red sent to the
President with notification of what had
happened. The vote on thi.; was 47
1 to 37. Six Democrats joined the Re?
publicans in approving, i:iciu?iing-John
Sharp Williams. who commenttd tha^
such notification was the courleous and
right thing to do and should have been
done in November.
Immediately after thc vote on ratifi?
cation was announced, Senator Lodge
offered the resolution directing that the
Secretary of the Senate le instructed
'to return to the Presidvnt the peace
. treaty with Germany. signed at Ver
j -ailles, France, June 28. 1JI9, and re
I spectfully inform the President that
I thc Senate :ailed to advisc and consent
; to the ratification of said treaty, being
I unable to obtain for it the constitu
i tional majority."
Gfalleries Hias Hitchcock
Administration leader Hitchcock,
,'jamid a chorus of "Oh's!" from Sen
? ators and hisses from the galleries.
! said he licped tbe Spnate would defer
, '? action on the resolution for a day or
,| "As long as the treaty remains in
; the Senate," Senator Hitchcock said,
; "there i!? a possibility of obtainmg ac
? jtion o:i it. Wheu it is sent to the
, [ White House that possibility is at an
end. The friends of the treaty, who de?
sire ratification. have their only hope
of ratification in keeping the treaty in
Senator Lodge declared such a reso?
lution as he had offered was the cus