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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 17, 1920, Page 2, Image 2',
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will be delved into by the Federal grand
jury at Newark. United State? Attorney
? ?Joseph Bodine has issued forty sub?
poenas calling for the appearanco of
strike leaders, railroad officials and
others involved in the controversy be?
fore the- jury on Monday.
The situation was gone over by the
railroad managers at meetings during
?J the afternoon and night. ,1. J. Mantel!,
" New York manager of the Erie and
* chairman of the Railroad Managers'
Association, announced that the roads
were satisfied with the progress made
?nd that the passenger traffic at least
was nearly on u normal basis.
There was a hopeful sign in the food
"and freight situation with the partial
lifting of embargoes on the New York
Central, Erie and Pennsylvania lines.
' The return of the tcamstan* and
' chauffeurs, whose strike was sensed
Thursday, insured the continued suppig
of the small stocks of fresh vegetables
that were lying in the freight yards of
the city, while the resumption of traffic
.... on the coastwise steamship lines, with
the employment of strike breakers, has1
given the shipping companies an oppor?
tunity to bring North some of the fresh
foodstuffs awaiting shipment on South?
ern piers for the last six weeks.
Food Supply Diminished
Nevertheless, it was declared by the
-" Division of Foods and Markets that
there was less fresh foodstuff at pres?
ent in the wholesale market than at any
timo since the beginning of the strike.
in connection with the settlement of
the trouble on the piers of the United
Fruit Company William Newsome, vice
' president of the company, denied yes
torday reports circulated by J. W.
' Riley, a leader of the longshoremen,
that the walk-out on the firm's piers
' had been settled on a basis whereby
the company agreed to the closed shop
and unionisation of the pier clerks.
"We have no closed shop," said Mr.
Newsome. "The men who went out on
strike are not being taken back. !
* Though we keep an open shop we pay j
Yunion wages. On Pier 9 North River i
! and Pier it!, Fast River, we have taken '
back the longshoremen who went out, i
?'but we have not taken back the pier
'?clerks who went out in sympathy with i
. the longshoremen.
5 "The longshoremen came back ex- '
Sactly under the same conditions under;
?which they went out, receiving no in-!
^creases in wages and not accomplishing'
V^-the unionization of the pior clerks." ,
u It was reported that freight handlers
j and clerks at the docks of the New
I England Steamship Company at New
; Haven had walked out yesterday,
;' further, aggravating the freight situa
? tion at that point.
Brie officials announced that they
v were able to move a trainload of pro
.. visions from and to Port Jcrvis for the
; first time yesterday. This will be res
?eeived with great interest by officials
*.of the other roads, who have bee?
; Matching developments at this point,
j this being a hotbed of the most violent
? of the radicals and where many train
..crews had boen dragged from their
?oab3. The Erie also reported employ
j '"??? hundreds of college students in its
! freight yards, and announced that a
'. lew days will see a great improvement
!;: the frei?*;ht situation on its'system.
The Staten Island Rapid Tran.iit
.Company, the Baltimore & Ohio sub
'siriiary, had regular trains running ovor
I the Tottenville branch yesterday, and is
?training numbers of Stevens Institute
'men to handle some freight there. The
lines running to Mariner's Harbor
and South Beach, however, are still
Th* Long Island Railroad provided
complete electric and steam service
..last night, the latter trains being
manned almost wholly by volunteer
crews. D is reported that women and
.girls are volunteering for service on
'trains ot this line, the management of
which declares that they will be used
if found necessary within the next day
The Pennsylvania Railroad reported
j that fully ninety-five per cent of the
regular number of trains that left the
! Pennsylvania Station daily were in
'service yesterday and that the service
would practically be perfect to-day,
1 Some progress was made in moving j
?freight in those yards because of the
"return of many strikers.
Men Lose Their Jobs
Tho Lackawanna, in addition to the
large number of "indignation specials"
?taking care of the commuters, an
jriiouneed that the first regular mid
':,afternoon train was sent out yester?
day. This system, however, is making
very little progress in moving freight,
^although it was reported that a large
?'number of strikers showed up in the
.'yards of the company as a result of.
1 the railroad's ultimatum.
Jersey Central officiais declared that ?
many of their men had returned but;
that the company had used its privi
. lege and refused to reinstate numbers
of them who they were convinced were
active in acts of violence and intimi
dation during the strike. The New
York Central lifted its embargo on
| freight from points east of Buffalo
and north of Yonkers. The West Shore
lifted its embargo from points north of
The board of directors of the Mer?
chants' Association yesterday appealed
to President Wilson for urgent and
.effective governmental action on the
present tiansnortation strikes, includ?
ing the railroad and longshoremen .
troubles. The board charges in its
communication that there is a con?
spiracy in progress to paralyse trans?
portation facilities and as a result of
?the strike? New York has been actually
i deprived of its food supply. They in
? dicate that the government can proceed
under the Lever act.
Strikers ' Ranks
Deeper and deeper gloom descended
On the "outlaw" railway strikers who
congregated at Grand View Hall, Jer?
sey City, yesterday, after about a
hundred of tlveir number had marched
out of the hail with the announcement
.that they were going back to work, It
Was the first open desertion of a large
group and the leaders' oratory failed
to dispe: th* gathering blues.
The men left as if they were in a
hurry to get to work. Catcalls and
hisses and two or three agitators fol
? lowed thrm from the hall, but they
paid no attention to either, marched to
the nearest streetcar and disappeared.
They included contingents from the
Hudson tubes and the Lackawanna an 1
Edward McHugh, chairman of tho
executive committee of the United
Railway Workers of America, who pre
. aided at the meeting, had no statement
to make when it closed.
Smallest Meeting Yet
"There are many things I would like
to give out to the press," he said, "but
my colleagues won't let me."
The meeting was the smallest since
?he strike began, barely 2,000 appear?
ing throughout the day, though tho
?ttnering was reinforced by some 200
-.omen ?nd other strikers from amonu
the clerks and station employee^ who
?truck early in th? week and attended
for the first time. The men were de?
pressed from the start and there
?eemed to be a feeling that there was
little sense to their "vacations" any
longer, in spite of the efforts of the \
, leaders to r?liy a fighting h*>irit.
Jrving O. Hunt, president of the j
'ocal which includes the tube men, de- I
flared just before they ?j !>trted that
"we will all ?tav out ?ill tve get our
demand?." He had nothing to ?ay after
:'r->- rnttn ha?l gone.
The uprour in the hall continued for
some time aitT that. One of the
leader? who followed th? deserter? to
'he rar was called to the platform,
"Were those, men going buck to
work?" ho we?? asked.
"Ye*, th* damn fools," he replie?!.
Khortiy after this the men remaining
in $? hall began to drift away in small I
I .1 ' Il
as Fashion Models
Two full pages of interesting fash?
ion pictures of leading New York
society women wearing the latest
summer styles as shown at the
Fete de la Mode d'Et? at the Com?
modore last Monday evening
printed in the soft sepia browns of
gravure?in tomorrow's Sunday
groups. Others asked the leaders
whether thev could get their jobs baek
if they stayed out longer, still others
criticized tho way the strike was be?
Reply to Palmer
The former service men among the
strikers passed a resolution during the
afternoon replying to Attorney Gen?
eral Palmer's charges that the strike
had radical backing. The resolution
states that the signers are not "J. W.
W.'s, Communists, or radicals of any
kind, but merely workingmen seeking
a living wage." A copy of the resolu?
tion has been sent to Washington.
The day was full of conferences
which produced no visible results.
Mayor Hague of Jersey City had an
hour's talk with the representatives of
the brotherhoods, but none of the strik?
ers was present. After the conference
it was stated that nothing had been
done except to "go over the situation."
A co'mmittee. of seven men from the
strikers of the Waverly yards of the
Pennsylvania called on Mayor GilLn
of Newark and asked him to intercede
with Governor Edwards and President
Wilson to get prompt action from the
Labor Board and end the strike James
F. Winters, spokesman for the group,
said the men would go back if assured
the board would do something for them
within ten days?, but did not want any
glittering general promises.
Ho declared the men wi.ro as anxious
as the public to sec the strike ended;
that their present wages did not meet
the cost of living, and denied that there
was any radical influence behind the
strike. * Jf Attorney General Palmer
wanted to arrest all the leaders lie
would have to take every striker, Win?
ters added, because there are no lead?
ers. Mayor Gillen promised to wire
to the Governor and President.
S. C. Cowen, deputy president of the
conductors' brotherhood, sent out
call to tho men to return to work at
once. It reads:
"All qualified conductors holding
seniority rights irt either road, passen?
ger or freight service, who do not come
within the scope of tho restrictive
clause of the resolution in the notice
of the General Managers' Association
of New York, addressed to the four en?
gine and train service organizations,
shall be immediately ' called for serv?
Men to Revolt
Hundreds of circulars, signed by the
"Central Revolutionary Council of
America," appealing to the "railway and
port workers" to "tie up the whole sys?
tem and show your mass power," to
"strike to take over the industries anci
the country" and to "prepare to fight
the government," were turned over to1
the Jersey City police yesterday by!
The papers, which attack the regular
union leaders, capitalism and the gov^
ernment in approved revolutionary
style, were left at the headquarters of
the railway men at Grand View Hall
end at . the office of tho Port and
Terminal Workers by unidentified boys,
who promptly disappeared. The strikers
?who brought them down declared they
did so because they repudiated both the
sentiments and the statements of the
circulars, and "as a protest to1 show we
have nothing to do with such persons."
President Alfred Abel and Secretary
Frank Canary acted as messengers to
tho police from the port workers. The
committee of railwav men included Ed?
ward Hamilton, William A. Keller, Ed?
ward J. Markey, Frank O'Hare, Themas
Landen and Richard A. McLeod.
The circulars were headed, "Railway
Men and Port Workers," and read, in
"Your enemies are howling loud.
"Your leaders and bosses, the unions,
the newspapers and the government are
against you. That is to be expected.
But you are prepared for it.
"The government is going to issue
injunction? against you, it will prose?
cute you, jail you, ?uni then will come
"Get a powerful number of your fel?
lows rebelling at the i?r? 7ime and
show them who you am '!'.? up the
whole system. Show yon . ^ power.
"But don't stop when j\ . win this
strike. You have got to learn to strike
for more?for everything. Higher
wages and better conditions are not
coing to froe you?-you will be the
same wage slaves as ever, and every
penny you 'gain will be swallowed up
by the higher cost of living, higher
"Strike to put an end to the whole
capitalistic system. Strike to take over
the industries and thy country for the
benefit of the workers and the work?
ers alone. Agitate for the one big union
?and shop committees and workers'
? councils in all the industries. Make it
a single revolutionary organization,
prepared to fight for the overthrow of
the rule of the bosses--the millionaires
: of Wall Street.
"It is the bosses, the owners, the
banks and the big sharks who take the
profits. And the government, their gov?
ernment, backs them up in bleeding
you by means of tho army, injunctions,
fane industrial courts, etc. Your work
tra' councils and your one big revolu?
tionary union must get ready to fight
the United States government. Pre
! pare to take over the government and
run it for the benefit of the workers
"Our members are supporting you in
"Out with the bosses.
"Out with your fake leaders.
"On with your revolutionary work?
"All power to the workers.
"CENTRAL REVOLUTIONARY COUN?
CIL OF AMERICA."
Heavy Breaks in Ranks
Of Western Strikers
CHICAGO, April 16.?The traffic sit?
uation in the country-wide strike of in?
surgent railway men improved ..o-aay,
with heavy breaks in the ranks of the
strikers in Toledo, Pittsburgh and other
Pennsylvania cities and Baltimore and
an extension of the walk-out reported
from only one city, Jacksonville.
In Toledo 4,000 switchmen voted to
return to work immediately. In Penn?
sylvania all striking firemen and some
of the striking switchmen in the Pit
cairn yards went back to work. At
Steubenville, Ohio, the striking switch?
men on three roads returned, and the
strikers in Cumberland, Md., went back.
At Derry, Pa., strikers from the
Youngwood yards of the Pennsylvania
who appeared among the men, urging
them to strike, were escorted out of
town. In Baltimore the backbone of
the strike was broken when two local
brotherhoods on the Pennsylvania voted
to go back to work. Baltimore & Ohio
men were expected to follow.
In Cleveland and Columbus the rail?
roads threatened to dismiss the strikers
from the service, unless they returned
within forty-eight hours. Five hundred
striking yardmen in the Pennsylvania
yards in Cleveland voted to stay out.
Indianapolis yardmen also refused to go
A Jacksonville dispatch said all
switchmen on tho Florida East Coast
Railroad walked out unexpectedly, and
added that reports were current that
all switchmen in the Florida district
would quit to-night.
In Detroit an appeal by Mayor James
Couzens for resumption of work by
the striking switchmen was unavail?
ing. The Mayor, a former switchman,
urged tho men to go back to work
and await the decision of the Labor
Board, which, he told them, could not
be long delayed.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Com?
pany issued orders, effective on all
parts of its system, to give newsprint
paper preferential handling in transit
on the same basis as is accorded
perishable food products.
A settlement of the railroad strike in
Buffalo seemed to be in sight.
Wood Finds No
L Wo Wo in Strike
CHICAGO, April 16.?Major General
Leonard Wood, commander of the Cen?
tral Department, U. S. A., who returned
to Chicago yesterday from an Eastern
speaking tour because of the insurgent |
?tr:ke of railroad workers, to-night '
said he did not find "any evidenoe of I
connection between the railwaymen's
strike and Industrial Workers of the !
Attorney General Palmer on Wednes- |
day linked the walk-out with plans for
"one big union" pnd a nation-wide
Military intelligence officers here had
been unable to find any connection be?
tween the two, General Wood said. He
added that he found traffic conditions
improving throughout the department, j
"I am leaving to-night for Nebraska
and probably will return Sunday," he
After revoking the charters of three
lodges of the Brotherhood of Railroad j
Trainmen, two in Chicago and one in j
San Francisco, with a total membership ;
of 700. A. F. Whitney, vice-president of!
the brotherhood, to-day ordered all
striking members of tho organization '
in the Chicago terminal district to re
turn to work by midnight Saturday or
suffer expulsion from the union with
loss of seniority rights.
With twenty-five leaders of the in?
surgent force:s under arrest in Chicago ,
charged with violating the Lever act,
the movement of freight and livestock
approaching normal and the return of '
many strikers to duty, rail chiefs and :
brotherhood officers declared the walk- j
out was definitely hrqken.
The unions whose charters were re?
voked included Lodge 466, of the Chi
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, ;
??i' which John Gr?nau, head of the
"outlaw" yardmen's association, was a
member. It was the walk-out of 700
switchmen on this road that started
tho strike. !
Gr?nau, Harold Reading, president j
of the United Enginomen'a Association. ;
and four other men arrested yesterday i
by Federal agents announced they ?
would not put up bonds for their re- j
"I do not know what the other mon i
are going to do," Gr?nau said, "but I
am not going to arrange bond. I am
placing myself in the hands of the
United States Commissioner.
"1 can raise the required bail with
ease, but 1 don't intend to do it. I
question the right of the government to
arrest me. I have committed no crime ;
To the Public
The Executive Committee of the Chamber of
Commerce of the State of New York urges every
one who is willing to offer his or her services in any
capacity in an effort to prevent this paralysis of
commerce by keeping the usual methods of travel
and communication going, both in the transportation
of passengers and of food commodities and by aid?
ing the duly constituted authorities to preserve law
and order, to send in their names and addresses to
the Secretary of the Chamber, G5 Liberty Street,
New York City, or to apply personally, specifying
what they can do or arc willing to attempt, giving
address and telephone number where they can be
reached. Those willing to supply automobiles,
motor trucks and motor boats will also please
registe). The names received will be classified and
submitted to the proper official authorities, if needed.
Communicate by mail, telegraph or telephone with
the Secretary of the New York Chamber of Com?
merce, 65 Liberty Street, New York City.
i Lahor Organ Sees 'Red'
Menace in Rail Strike
I Grave Peril to Government and Workers, Declares
'Labor World' ; Urges Employers and Employees
to Unite to Crush Foster and Radical Leaders
Revolutionary purpose and backing
are seen in the "outlaw" railway strike
by "The Labor World." of Pittsburgh,
the oldest labor paper in the United ?
I States, which in its current issue de- i
I clares that Bolshevists and anarchists
I brought on the strike, and that they
are aiming at the destruction of both
| tho labor union movement and of
i America. It calls on employers and
employees of the "real American kind"
to get together to fight the menace.
"'The Labor World' has reliable in?
formation that W. Z. Foster has been
directly connected with the promotion
and inauguration of this "outlaw
strike," it says. "It is stated in govern?
ment circles that he will be arrested.
Foster was the conceiver and leader of
tho steel strike which was exposed by
'The Labor World,' after which he
stepped down and into secrecy. Now
he bobs up again."
"Direct Action" Emerges
The editorial says, in part:
"'Direct Action' and 'Boring From
Within' have at last emerged with
their hydra heads throughout the
United States. They have baen forced
to the front by organized hosts of rail?
road employees, and at this writing
the nation's activities are threatened
in every respect whatever.
"At last we are face to face with
what has long been promised by the
agitators of the 'Reds,' that the 'gen?
eral strike' would one of these da.vs be
applied with a vengeance, and the 'pro?
letariat' would torce its way into its
"It is a fact that in this instance
organized labor in general wiil I
lose considerable prestige for the sud- \
den and dastardly outbreak of the. J
Bolshevik and the I. W. W. methods i
that have been let loose among the peo- i
p'.e of the nation.
"Wo do not be.lievo that the Ameii- '
and if the government officials want to ?
put me in jail I won't hinder them."
Reading declared "it's principle that
prompts mc to go to jail rather than |
"The organization will not disband.",
he said. "Another set of officers will j
take the places left vacant by those
who choose to go to jail with me. There j
will be no let-up in our campaign, j
What we are fighting is the old auto- |
cratic rule of the brotherhoods.
"Our only compromise will be for j
them to accept our constitution, in- ;
eluding the initiative, referendum and
recall as applied to the administration ?
of the brotherhoods."
Martin Kenney, Shannon Jones, John j
Logan and Hugo Radkc, who also were I
arrested, said they would go' to jail
rather than furnish bond. Fourteen
others, who were released yesterday on
theiv own recognizance, gave if 10,000
R. S. Murphy, spokesman for the.
Yardmen's Association, blamed broth?
erhood officers for the arrests. He said !
the men merely <?uit their positions. I
Five men for whom warrants were
issued have not been arrested.
Gr?nau, Reading and five others were!
released to-night from Federal custody!
on their own recognizance. They prom- !
ised to report for preliminary hearing
A. F. of L. Official Denies
"Reds" Caused Strike;
Hits at Blundering \
WASHINGTON, April 16. Attorney ?
General Palmer's conclusions that the. !
"outlaw" railway strike was traceable !
to activities of radicals and r?volu- i
tionists were sharply challenged to- |
night in a statement issued by Frank |
Morrison, secretary of the American |
Federation of Labor. An independent!
investigation of strike causes by the |
railway executives, the statement said,
revealed "just a plain, ordinary strike
for more pay."
"If there were enough revolutionary
power in the United States to create
such an outbreak as this," Mr, Morri?
son said, "the condition would be seri?
ous indeed. But there is no such power.
The absolute failure of the Attorney
General to grasp the true situation is
The Department of Justice had no
additional announcements to mak? to?
night to support its conclusions. The
only development of the day was the
organization meeting of the railway
labor board, which .net with seven of I
can people will tolerate such attempts
to control the nation as is being en?
forced by these railroad employees;
their theories are absolutely of the
Bolshevist and anarchist kind; their
design ?3 to place the government of
the nation in the hands of the prole?
tariat, as they term themselves; they
are outlaws in the labor world, and
led by a pro-German who was a trai?
tor to the United States in time of
war. These men are actually Com?
munists and anarchists and are not
only trying to control all labor
unions, but to assume command of
!.the country. Their object is to dis?
rupt, disorganize and destroy.
"The inauguration and methods
adopted previously to prepare for the
strike's commencement are strictly in
accordance with the 'boring from with?
in' methods preached by W. Z. Foster,
the chieftain of syndicalism; Jay Brown
and others. It is known that for some
time there have been 'boring from with?
in' tactics going on within the force?
of the union, from which the 'outlaws'
have emerged. There have been quiet
preachments going on in stealthy fash?
ion for a long time- that is, the agents
of the I. W. W. and syndicalist forces
have been spreading their doctrines and
methods from one to another of the
workers and urging that the present, is
the very best time to try and paralyze
the industries of the nation by tying
up all the railroads.
Make Them Marked Men
"There i:> one sure way of destroy?
ing tho force and even the very ex?
istence of such agencies as we are
discussing, and that is for both em?
ployers and employees, of the true
American type, to get together and
eradicate these characters from our
industries so long as they are actively
engaged against the welfare of our
its nine members present, elected of?
ficers and determined to take up, be?
ginning to-morrow, the whole question
of railway wages.
While tactics of the rail strikers
were wrong and disavowed by organ?
ized labor, Mr. Morrison's statement
said, this should not prevent an "hon?
est." understanding of the facts. His
own viewpoint as to causes of the
etrike, he added, was based on reports
gathered by employers' representatives
not in sympathy with the strikers.
"I point to these reports and the evi?
dence they contain as an evidence of
governmental stupidity in dealing with
the situation," Mr. Morrison continued.
?'While the government, through the
Attorney-l'eneral, is contemplating re?
pression and punishment, treating the
strike as a crime, the real employers
know the strike is an outbreak against
New York and New England investi?
gators reported they had found strike
sentiment "strongest among the intel?
ligent and conservative men," Mr. Mor?
Many o? the strikers have served
for long periods on one railroad, he
added, and never before were known
as agitators. Other observers found
"no virus of disloyalty or revolution in
the ranks of the disaffected workers,
except the usual evidence of extrem?
ists who are 'riding* the strike, as
sometimes happens, to be the case."
Hudson Tube Officials
Keeping Strange Silence
What's the matter with the Hud^pn
?With thousands of commuters eager
for any scrap of news touching on the
resumption, of traffic on the railroads
?fleeted by the unauthorized strike, of?
ficial?; of tho Hudson and Manhattan
Railroad Company alone have for some
reason remained strangely silent to all
requests for information.
The public was told a week ago that
crews were in training and that empty
cars were rumbling back and forth in
the tunnels on regular schedules, but
without passengers. Since then offi?
cials of the company have kept under
cover, leaving the public entirely in
the dark as to why traffic is not re?
sumed or when it might be.
This silence has given rise to all
sorts of rumora. When a clerk in the
office of President Oren Root was asked
if it was true that the company re?
ceives a handsome sum from the gov?
ernment, despite the fact that the
tubc3 are not in operation and "if the
continued suspension hud anything to
do with a request made by the com?
pany for permission to increase its
fare, he replied that "no statement
could he issued concerning such a
question at this time."
James McOreery & Co.
5th Avenue 35th Street
15,000 Yards of
The Better Grade
Crepe de Chine
in Double Width
A splendid quality Crepe de
Chine in double width, particularly
adapted for dancing frocks, lingerie
and blouses, in many beautiful
evening and day shades. Also
Black or White.
Passenger Service Greatly Improved;
All Railroads Are Moving Some Freight
Conditions on the railroads entering New York appear as follows:
NEW YORK CENTRAL?Passenger service normal, with some delays in
through traffic, embargo lifted on westbound freight between Yonkers
and Buffalo, and deliveries to Boston and Albany.
PENNSYLVANIA?Passenger service completely restored; strikers return?
ing in large numbers and freight beginning to move.
NEW YORK, NEW HAVEN & HARTFORD?Through trains almost normal,
but suburban service still tangled; very little freight moving.
LONG ISLAND?Steam and electric service working 100 per cent with aid
of volunteer crews; will begin to move freight to-day.
JERSEY CENTRAL?Ninety per cent of passenger trains restored, with
all commuters taken care of; many freight yard workers return, but
no freight moved,
i ERIE?Through trains running about 90 per cent, big increase in com?
mutation service with volunteer crews; more freight moved.
LACKAWANNA?Through service still crippled; taking care of commuters
with additional "Indignation Specials"; running mid-afternoon suburban
train; volunteer freight crews beginning to move some freight.
WEST SHORE?Through and suburban service normal; all embargoes
j LEHIGH VALLEY?Service through Pennsylvania Station practioally nor?
mal; very little freight moved.
BALTIMORE & OHIO?Passenger service at Pennsylvania Station run?
ning well; Staten Island line from St. George to Tottenville runnitig,
but service to Mariners' Harbor and South Beach still suspended; some
fieight being moTed by volunteer crews.
HUDSON TUBES?Still idle and no indication from management when
service will be resumed.
Unions to End
(?entlnuetf trsrn sag? en?)
become necessary these pames will be
turned over to the proper official au?
With the announcement of the forma?
tion of the Citizens' Protective Union
in New York comes word of similar or?
ganizations which havo sprung into
being in dozens of suburban communi?
ties whose citizens have been hard hit
by the tie-up. In Englewood they are
calling it "Tho Public Safety Commit?
tee." and referring to the movement as
"the Plattsburg of industrial prepared?
ness." In Nyack it is dubbed "The
Mutual Weltare Association"; Staten
island and Long Island lean to "Vigi?
lance Committee" and "vigilante" no?
menclature, but by any name the idea
represented by the various organiza?
tions is fundamentally the same - the
protection of tho public interest
against selfish or revolutionary inter?
Not only aro railroad workers being
recruited from the ranks of the "com
mou people" in the new movement, bul
streetcar volunteers, telegraph and tel
ephone workers and chauffeurs are alsc
being enrolled. Each individual i?
classified according to his or her state?
preference and experience. The ulti
mate aim of each organization is t<
iiiuk? sure that in future any publi?
utility may be operated regardless o
Women to Help Cause
Women as well as men arc comin
into the circle of aroused public senti
ment. Hundreds of ex-telephone op
erators and streetcar and elevato
workers as well as chauffeurs are al
ready enrolled with the various organ
izations. Yesterday two Jamaica youni
women reported to the offices of tli?
Long Island road and volunteered thei
services as "tirewomen."
With the men who have already vol
unteered to serve the roads and th
help secured' through the various pro
tective organizations, the New Y?r
terminals everywhere yesterday bega
to make vast strides toward a resump
tion of normal conditions. Suburba:
commutation traffic over all lines wa
better than at any time .since the walk
out began. In the New Jersey yard
! some freight was moved, and many
j trains were made up by volunteer cr? w s
; composed largely of students. The
i morning and evening suburban services
J were materialfy strengthened and the
I incoming and outgoing trains were
I again fired by substantial citizens, who
j found the exercise to their liking. The
j old war spirit of general service was
i everywhere in evidence.
Sixteen suburban trains carried 10,
| 618 passengers in 122 cars from vari
j ous Erie stations in New Jersey to the
riverside terminals yesterday morning,
and in at least one instance the loy
lalty of the volunteer crews was sub
! stantially rewarded. Passengers on tho
train from Suffern and Mahwah which
landed its load of eleven cars at the
Jersey terminal at 8:34 made up a
purse of $<r>50, which was piesentcd
to the crew which brought them safely
in. An equally efficient service was
i operated at night, when another 10,
000 commuters were returned to their
Service on Lackawanna
The Lackawanna set up a similar
record, sending out twenty commuta?
tion trains last, evening, every one of
them filled with passengers and every
one operated by a crew of volunteer
firemen and brakeuieii. The Lacka
wanna also moved seven carload.-; of
meat into cold storage during the day
with the aid of student crews, and
student crews made up the passenger
trains and shunted hundred., ^f freight
cars around the yards. The volunteer
force is being constantly augmented
from the men in training The Kne
and Lackawunna officials hoth reported
a commutation service that was ap?
proximately ?r-0 per cent normal. The
Lackawanna ran a noon commutation
train on its main line for the first time
since the strike, stalled. Five, volunteer
crews worked throughout yesterday aft?
ernoon in the Erie freight yards and
were principally occupied in moving
coal, the lack of which is being felt
by all the roads.
The Long Island Railroad operated
sixty-live passenger trains yesterday,
which is 95 per cent of its normal steam
service. Donald Wilson, an official of
the road, opened a recruiting oftiiv in
the Pennsylvania Terminal and in two
hours had enlisted fifty business men
and students a.-; freight handlers in the
Long Island City yard.s. A special
effort will be made to get fertilizers,
coal and potatoes to the eastern end of
the island, where planting u being
held up. Of the firemen v ho operated
Long Island passenger traitis only five
were regular hands; the rt-^i were stu?
dents or business men volunteers.
So great has been the rush of stu?
dents from Stevens Institute, Hoboken,
to the railroads that the school de?
clared a temporary indefinite vacation
yesterday afternoon, to last until the
students were no longer required on
I TN Mother Goose's day a
i A "Jack" was a pitcher
! made of waxed leather, and
? a "Gui" a metal measure*
The two were frequently
upset, hence the old rhyme,,
Today, you turn the faucet
and water comes "up the
hill" to you. You telephone,,
and pure Knickerbocker
ice, made from four timas
filtered water, is delivered
straight to your refri-gerator.
?ut tome crushed Knickerbocker let m ?^
cryttal "Jsxk", pur in a few "GUIs" cf fa
juice emd ye? hare the best spring tome ??
; Big Army to Guard
Cut* Says Division h
Needed for the Capital
WASHINGTON, April lfi.-Senater
Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, voicing
his opposition in the Senate to-duy to
further reduction in the liz? of tha
army, said one division of approxi?
mately 27,600 men should be stationed
near Washington to protect the capita]
against any possible emergency, H?
recalled that an army of ",000 captured
Petrograd, and insisted that th**.?
should he no reduction in sise of the
American army "when we know the
forces that arc working at this tune in
j the country."
o?.punition to a cut in tin* ?nay be?
low 280,000 enlisted men and lH.ono of
ficers also was expressed by Senator
Wadsworth. of New York, whose mo?
tion to strike out the provision of the
army reorganization hill for a reduc?
tion annually for ?ive years of 2 per
cent of the commissioned and h psr
cent of the enlisted personnel, was
adopted, '15 to 12.
A motion by Senator Reed, ?pf Mi?.
souri, to reconsider, because of the c\
pense of maintaining such a large ?tiny
IFrance Order? Ship Built Her?*
CHESTER, Pa., March IS. A ship,
building company of this city hu? re
ccived a French order for un K.oon-ton
tunk steamship. This is believed to
?he the first eider for a ship to be p!ao?d
by France in this country ?since the
signing of the armistice.
Fifth Avenue at 35th Street
Materials alone are Worth
the price of these
MISSES' SPRING COATS
Our most conservative esti?
mate of them is 85.00.
T3ECAUSE we were able to use short
lengths of materials (left from early
season cuttings) one of our best makers
allowed us gj-eat concessions on our pur?
The tailoring is only equalled in coats re?
tailing around 100.00; the model one of
our very best; the linings highest grade
printed silk, and the fabrics a sort rare at
any price; we consider this the most re?
markable offer of the season.
IMPORTED ALL-WOOL STRIPES AND PLAIDS
FINE RAYONNER CLOTH IN PLAIN COLORS
lYou Never Pay More at Best'i