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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXX No, 26,940
First to Last?the Truth,
New York Tribune Inc.)
Cloudy to-day; to-morrow fair; not
much change in temp?r?
Full Report on Last Pape
AUGUST 19, 1920
v Jfi H*
In Greater Sew York
FOT R CF.NTS
Suffrage Ratification Is Com
Opponents Will Try To-ds
ipleted by Tennessee;
iv to Reverse Close Vote
Of Peril; Reds
Offensive on Left Wing,
Led by French Generals,
Puts Poles in Possession
of Key to the Capital
Bolsheviki in Brody Ke
?rion Suffer Repulses;
Clears Danzig Corridor
j ?? . 7-.'u,-i .?-cut Bureau
\ \ ,-??. Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Aug. 18.?Dispatches
. f i Wa :iv.-. by way of Pari?, to
i Polish capital is out of
The view is expressed in authori
I I ere that the aid of
France has so strengthened the Pol?
and arms that the r?sist?
ai ? '? ?? \ to the Bolshevik at?
tacks is out of .".?1 proportion to Po?
land' al si > ngl h and that the Bol
have di spaired of their
orij inten.1 ion of taking the
b 'fore proce ?ding with
the ; ' ons at Minsk.
Poles Reach First Objectives
PAR! '. ' IS ( By The Associated
now sec ms to be
Bo! ?leviki. President
5 no ii nger are obi " !
to ' ? a .- ? battl? , ; ad the bold
? on both wi n ; ; has reachc il
the ? b, ;'. i .-, and the Poles ap?
pear 1 pausing b? fore- attempting
lie left wine i ?
be . .- led by the French
; ? . : i Billotts and al
in p >rlant results, lt
hi put the Poles in posses
? . o the Wai saw defense i
n tin NTarew and Bug
: e the 1 ??i ces advancing
? . n ai in i Tsi? ch -
o the south of
rce the Bolsheviki
d Plock and Thorn to
retreat and consequently
: railroad line to Dan?
Bui iver on tr right wing,
n ? of Garvolin and Parat
choff, b? : the Vistula and the Bug,
'?? ' ?j of the two from
th? . iewpoi ni, because ii
th rea tel n nicat ions of the
: for? es. Swelled by
hortening the front in
the 1 . , t he movement ; 1
; ' ned rapid headway and
??? 1 . ' viki back all along
t; ne i cd Brest-Litovsk for dis
ti ryii g from twenty-five to fifty
Danzig Corridor Cleared
Ti.p P? I ? counter offensive, with
,'1 h ts base, has successfully
cleared Dai i ?; corridor of Russian
troop ?f to a report received
from the i rench mission in Poland to?
c Po! - also have captured Novo
Mi -, a short distance east of Wur?
fe ; . dispatch from the
polish - . d ty. The battle of
Wai ? ?,. be favorable to tho
Pole .-. , as their troops
ire stiii ? eastward.
BKRLTN, Aug. IS A telephone mes
sag? fro ':' ?n last night said that
? the f? had succeeded in forcing the
",; ; : -? m the Vistula for a
dis ? n kilometers.
A !-. . gberg dispatch reported suc
?"' ? counter attack along
?ovo Georgievsk, pro
rom ( iechanow. ? Bolshevik
attempt to cross the Vistula, north of
Ivang? re I, reported frustrated and
the Pole wen- said to have resumed
counter operations southeast of War
Crisis at Warsaw Past
WARSAW, Aug. 17 (By the Associ?
ated Pr The newspapers to-day
Rsserl thai the military crisis has
and ;; sure the public that
"?r ' olutely safe.
Tl ? wspapers hay that northwest
?J Warsaw, where the Poles have
?hoved the Reds to the northeast,
the Wkra River, the Poles al?
ready have taken more than 2,000 pris?
oners and much war material. Radzy
mm, which the Roles held three times,
'? low considered fairly secure from
Red attacks. The town is being visited
?ally by residents of Warsaw who have
permission io visit the front.
Tin? natives who refused to evacuate
?adzymin say that the Bolsheviki
lobbed the houses, taking everything
0j- value they could find, and also
turned several buildings.
One of the Bolshevik officers seen in
B?iCzym?n was a German, he wore the
Usi:?l shiny German steel helmet,
rcaov thousands of which were taken
t0 the United States by doughboys as
souvenirs when the ' "Germans were
?iven out of France.
Trotzky at Minsk Parley
Further Polish military successes on
Various fronts are reported. There is
???eh speculation hero as to how the
jfolis'n counter offensive will affect the
Minsk peace negotiations, which it is
assumed are well under way. No word
has been received here from Minsk,
*ith the exception of news of the ar
'?val of the delegates and Leon Trotzky,
WViet Minister of War and Marine.
rather Ignacy Korupka, who was
?Wed in battle while leading the at?
tacking Polish forces with a crucifix
MOSCOW, Aug. 18 (By The ;
Associated Press)?Leon Trotzky,
Soviet Minister of War, to-day
issued a call for volunteers for
service on the southern front.
The call was issued in the course
of an address at an opera house
meeting here in honor of Bela
Kun, Communist leader and for?
mer Foreign Minister of Hun?
Trotzky's speech was devoted
almost entirely to an exposition of
a series of measures by which, he
declared, France and England had
directly and indirectly aided Gen
oral Baron Wrangel, the anti-Bol?
shevik leader in south Russia. It
was greeted with much enthusi?
; Paris Expects
| Lloyd George
To See Simons
j Conference Between Briton
and Cff m a n Minister
in Switzerland l? Sug?
gested as a Possibility
May Refer to Bolshevism
Press Hints That Tentons
May Be Willing to Serve
as Barrier Against Reds
By Ralph Courtney
Si celai < ?..! v to Tin Tribuno
' ' | Ight, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, Aug. IS. -The French press
mentions tne probability of an inter
vi< w in Switzerland between Premier
? Lloyd George, who passed through
France to-day on his way to Lucerne,
and Dr. Walter Simons, the German
Foreign Minister, who also is in Swit
' zerland on a holiday.
?'.?' Temps sajt? it doesn't know and
doesn't want to know whether the Brit
isl and German ministers intend to
confer, but suggests that Germany may ,
be anxious to make an offer to act as :
an Eastern bulwark against Bol- ,
Voicing the French opinion, which ?
' is opposed to allowing Germany to take !
the lead against the Bolsheviki, Lei
, Tem?).-- .says: |
"If tne Polish victory develops as!
we desire it should, Germany's offer to
Lloyd George will no longer be called
for and no one will need to worry
about the price of Germany's demands
for acting a.. Europe's shield against
Le Temps says that as Germany was
continually lighting against the Euro?
pean order as established by the peace
treaty, it doesn't see how that nation
could be asked to act as the de- !
fend? r of order in Europe even if!
Poland should be crushed.
Despite the anti-Engiish tone of a
? majority of the French press on the
! Polish issue, there is a small body of
?.pinion which fears that France made
a bad diplomatic move? when she sep?
arated from England, even though she
| now has American support in her
stand. The Paris Midi considers that
. France made the same mistake in en
j cournging General Wrangel that she
j made in encouraging the l'oies to cap
I ture Kiev, capital of the Ukraine. This
! offensive only served to rouse Russian I
national unity, with disastrous results.
No new note, it is sail in official '
' circles, has been received from the
United States promising help for the
I Poles, although it is hoped and ex
' fieeted that active American help ulti?
mately will be forthcoming. Satisfac?
tion is expressed at the dispatch of
two American cruisers and a torpedo
boat to the Baltic, presumably to Dan
?/ig, where the activity of Sir Reginald
Tower ?u refusing to allow the unload
! ing of munition boats caused much dis?
satisfaction in French official circles.
4 League Amendments
One Would Strengthen Obliga?
tion for Arbitration; Another
! Modify Bloeknde Provisions
LONDON'. Aug. 18.?Headquarters of
the League of Nations announced to
i day that four important amendments
I to tht? covenant have been suggested
i by Denmark, Norway and Sweden for
' consideration at the first meeting of
the league assembly on November 15.
The four proposed amendments fol
Providing for a fixed annual meeting
I of the assembly anil proposing that ten
j members of the league can demand and
? obtain a special meeting at any time at |
! the seat of the league.
Seeking to regularize the method of
! selecting the four non-permanent mem
, be is of the council, lt is proposed to
I accomplish this by providing that the
assembly, after making the first selec?
tions of four to serve, respectively,
three, four, five and six years, shall j
I name a new state yearly after the third
year to serve four years, not subject
to reelection. It is suggested that this
method would provide successive repre?
sentation of a large number of states
and would maintain continuity in the
composition of the council.
Making the obligation for arbitra?
tion more absolute by omitting the
word "generally" from Article XIII in
! the paragraph beginning "disputed"
j and ending "submission to arbitra
Permitting the council to authorize
a state in the vicinity of a state
? against which an economic blockade is
in force to maintain a degree of in?
tercourse with the latter, provided the
council considers this necessary in Or?
der to prevent the blockaded stato'
Thomson, Former Dart?
mouth Star, Wins 110
Meter Race at Antwerp ;
American Forces Pace
U. S. Far in Lead
With 101 Points
Finland in Second Place;
McDonald Fourth in
Shot Put; Ray Qualifies
By Arthur S. Draper
Special Cabin to Tho Tribune
Copyright, 1020, New York Till.uno Inc.
ANTWERP, Aug. 18. The honor o1
making the second world's record ai
the seventh Olympic gamer; fell to r
Canadian, Earl Thomson, who to-daj
clipped one-fifth of a second from the
110-meter hurdle mark, which was
established by an American in 1908.
Although Americans again scorec
heavily, there were several disappoint
ments and the jinx seems to be hover
ing over Coach Moakley's camp. Witl
101 points to their credit, compar?e
to 49 for Finland and 26 for Sweden
their nearest rivals, the Americans cai
afford to laugh away any kind o
Beside?, Joie W. Ray, America's hop?
in the 1,500-meter race, ran his tria
heat in such impressive style withou
showing the slightest trace of trdubl?
with the sprained muscle in his lej
that American stock took a big boun?
for the final of this feature race.
American Forces Pace
Everything was set for a new hurdl
iccord with Barron in th?! finest fern
oi his can er and Thomson right o:
edge. It was a question only of wbic
one would set the new mark, bot
American and Canadian coaches agree
ing that their respective charges woul
run faster than ever before.
Six starters toed tho mark. Barror
on the pole, und Thompson, on the out
side lartte, got away together, bu
Thomson cleared the first flight sliglu
ly ahead of the American. From ther
cr. the Canadian star was never head.e?
showed not the slightest sign of faltei
ing and not once did he even brus
the timbers. With giant strides an
perfect action, he made a superb pi?
ture as he raced to victory.
Barron ran a beautiful race, bu
barring accidents, there was never an
doubt but that the tall Canadian, no
premier timber-topper of the univers
Thomson breasted the tape two an
a half yards in front of Barron, wit
Fred Murray, of the New York Athlet
Club, half a yard back. Wilson, ?
Xew Zealand, barely nosed out Walk?
Smith, of the Chicago Athletic Associi
tion, for fourth place. Thomson \v?
congratulated heartily by all the Ame
ican athletes, who regard him as oi
His time, 14 4-5 seconds, was on
fifth of a second faster than that ma?
by F. Smithson, an American, in tl
games of 1908 in London. The old re
ord of 15 seconds was equaled by bo1
Thomson and Barron in their r
spective heats yesterday.
Joie Ray Qualifies
Coach Moakley of the American tea
indulged in a broad smile this afte
noon when Joie Ray, the Chicago bo
?et himself go in the last quarter mi
of his heat, in which he was opposed 1
Philip Baker, the English crack midd
distancer. Tluy.?hcsty little Americi
title holder hela command at all stag
anil won easily.
His trial will serve as a fine wor
out for the final to-morrow, when
will have as companions Lawren
Shields, of Philadelphia, and Jim Co
nolly, of Boston. Besides Baker, En
(Continued on page eleven)
Standing of Teams in
The Olympic Games
Points scored Total
yesterday. to dato.
1. United States. 32 101
2. Finland . 12 49
3. Sweden ..... 15 26
4. England. 6 2?t
5. France. 0 12
6. Canada . 7 7
7. Italy. 7 7
8. South Africa. 3 7
9. Esthonia .... 1 3
10. Norway. 2 3
11. New Zealand. 3 3
French General Federation
of Labor Joins Project as
Result of Govt.'s Ban
Against British Leaders
Congress in Amsterdam
Cachi n, Socialist Deputy, De?
clares That Nothing Can \
Stop Union of Proletariats
From The Tribune's Furo/,ran Bureau
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Aug. 18.?An international
anti-war movement is imminent as a re?
sult of the action of the French gov?
ernment in threatening the expulsion
of the British trade unionist leaders,
Adamson and Gosling, who spent yes?
terday in Paris in an effort to persuade
French labor leaders to form a council
of action similar to that set up here as
a protest against war with Russia.
The answer of the French General
Federation of Labor to the govern?
ment's move has bean to send Jouhoux,
its secretary, to Amsterdam, where it
is reported that an international trade
union congress, which is said to in?
clude Germans among its delegates,
will take steps to organize tho work?
ers of every country in an anti-war
movement, which probably will confine
itself to prohibiting the manufacture
and transportation of munitions and
Government's Action Scored
PARIS, Aug. 18.- Expulsion from
Paris of William C, Adamson, Labor
member of the British Parliament, and
Harry Gosling, leader of the English
transport workers, would do more for
establishment of "councils of action"
in France than a year's propaganda,
Marcel Cachin, Socialist member of the
French Chamber of Deputies, told The
Associated Press to-day. M. Cachin
has just returned from Moscow,
strongly advocating that the French
Socialist party join the Third Inter?
Referring to the incident yesterday,
when Adamson and Gosling, who had
ci.me to Paris for labor conferences,
were requested to leave, M. Cachin
"It is the entire British working
ciass which has been insulted. Our
British friends had come to Paris in
accord with the French workers to
consider the most efficient means to
prevent war and conclude a definite
peace with, Russia. If our rulers be?
lieve that by expelling British dele- ,
gates they can prevent us from con- \
ceited action with British labor they
arc mistaken. Nothing can prevent an !
international union of proletariats.!
Decidedly, were our ministers in the
pay of the Bolsheviki they could do
little better work for them than by ex?
asperating the working classes of both
France and Great Britain."
Professor and 8 Sandwich Men
Lower Prices on tlie Heights
There was a time when the neigh?
bors of Dr. Robert Grimshaw on Wash?
ington Heights looked askance upon
his schemes for making that com?
munity .Manhattan's hilltop Utopia,
but since yesterday noon they have
been behind him?to a woman. His
victory is tho more remarkable be?
cause he is the man who announced
a few years ago that woman was an
utter failure and the cause of most of
the ridiculous inefficiency that char?
acterized the United States of America.
Dr. Grimshaw won the day, not only
against the skepticism of his neigh?
bors, but against the business methods
of greengrocers of the neighborhood,
and he won it with a mere corporal's
guard of sandwich men. It was three
weeks ago that Dr. Grimshaw, a me?
chanical engineer of note and a mem?
ber of the faculty of the College of the
City of New York, pronounced his
Prices were much higher at the
stores near his home than the altitude
of Washington Heights warranted. He
served notice on dealers, particularly
on dealers in fruits ami vegetables,
that prices must come down. If they
failed to come down, said Dr. Grim?
shaw,. he would bring them down.
Grocers Snicker at Warning
Washington Heights laughed up its
s'eeve and the snicker was echoed more
oi- less politely by every grocer along
Broadway and St. Nicholas Avenue
*?rn J77*h c"?pt to i?1-* S*rcf,
Dr. Robert Grimshaw said nothing
whatever. When three weeks had ex?
pired yesterday and he noted the same
wide margin between wholesale prices
and those which his grocer-neighbors
pasted above their tomatoes, potatoes,
green corn, cucumbers, lettuce and so
forth, Dr. Grimshaw crooked his little
linger and eight sandwich men sprang
to do his bidding.
Panoplied in the accouterments of
their trade, they were reviewed by Dr.
Robert Grimshaw, who inscribed upon
them, fore and aft, the wholesale prices
of tomatoes, potatoes, green corn, cu?
cumbers, lettuce and so forth. Thus
armed, he sent them forth, to battle
silently for his cause.
Prices Begin to Tumble
Alt the morning the valiant merce?
naries trudgedup one side of Broadway,
down the other, across 177th Street, up
St. Nicholas Avenue to 181st Street,
down the other side of the avenue to
177th Street and back to Broadway.
Housewives out for their morning
marketing read that tomatoes that
were labeled 20 cents in all the stores
roundabout were to be had at whole?
sale for 4 cents or less.
They saw similar contrasts in the
other prices quoted by the grocers and
flaunted by the plodding sandwich men
and they told the grocers what they
thought about it. By noon the grocers'
prices were wavering and falling on
all sides. By early afternoon many of
them had been divided by four or live.
Dr. Grimshaw called oil his sandwich
men. He was modestly elated.
"Others in other districts," he sadi,
"can und should do just what 1 have
? V" - '-..?-.? tt ,; ?. . . ??
Republicans Believe Suf?
frage Will Help Them
in Presidential Race ;
Fear Effect on Senate
Blow Most Serious
To Wet Candidates
Democrats insist Progres?
sive Sentiment Will Al?
lure the New Voters
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.--Enfran?
chisement of women in very state is
likely to help the Republicans on the
Presidency, but, on the other hand,
help the Democrats in their fight to
control the Senate.
Political Washington was busy to?
night checking up, with a view to de?
termining how the situation would be
affected by this army of additional
By far the most prevalent view, ap?
parently, is that the women voters
will divide along pretty much the same
lines as the men in the forthcoming
election, and as a result change the
situation v^ry little. But there are a
few exceptions to thise.
Republican States Lead
Those who think Harding will get
more than the Republican share of the
women voters seem to present the
most convincing argument. They wave
aside the contention that the thirty
sixth state is Democratic, and the
women may therefore be expected to
lie grateful, by calling attention to
fact that of the thirty-six states which
did ratify the amendment twenty-nine
?-re Republicans ami only seven Demo?
These observers say the proportion;
of women favoring prohibition is much |
greater than the proportion of drys
among the male voters. The fact that
Cox was nominated by wet political !
bosses, and that his campaign is being j
aided by a subtle moist appeal direct?
ed particularly at the wet centers of
New York, New Jersey and Wiscon?in,j
will, it is thought, result in driving aj
tremendous number of women to the
polls to vote for Harding as a rebuke
to tho wet leaders.
This view, incidentally, is strongly
held by (le?era 1 Counsel Wayne B.
Wheeler of the Anti-Saloon League.
"Not all women are dry, of course," j
Mr. WheeW tolil The Tribune corre?
spondent after hearing the news from |
Tennessee, "but" the great majority of i
women are not only dry, but anxious
to see a rigorous enforcement of the
dry laws. You will find that tho
women in this election will not vote]
for any candidate who makes an appeal j
to the hopes of the wets. Their votes
will aid tremendously the candidate
who promises strict law enforcement.
Women Foes to Liquor Interests
"Then, too, the women know that the j
liquor forces have always opposed I
woman suffrage because of the knowl- j
edge of the wets that women would ;
vote for prohibition. So they have
come to regard the liquor interests as
their enemies, with the result that
their desire to end the liquor traffic is
given an added incentive."
Democrats here wave this aside, say?
ing that prohibition is not an issue
in this campaign and that the women
voters, being naturally more eager!
about progressive legislation, will
naturally turn to the more progressive
candidates, not only for President, but |
for Senators and members of the House |
of Representatives. They say the
granting of the ballot to the women
of all 111?' states will be of enormous
h elf) to Cox and to the winning of a
Democratic Senate and House.
The state in which the wet and dry
element is ant to enter stronger than
any other, it is said, is New Jersey, j
The tremendous vote given Governor i
Edwards, running on a "Wet as the!
Atlantic Ocean" platform last year, |
has encouraged the Democrats to be- |
lieve that they could overcome the,
normally tremendous Republican ma-!
jority in that stale and win its four
(Continuel] on pan?, three) ,
Roosevelt Says Wilson
Tricked Lloyd George
Declares U. S. Has About 12
Votes in League Assembly; !
Wrote Hayti Constitution
BUTTE, Mont., Aug. 18. -President
Wilson "put one over" on Premier j
Lloyd George of Great Britain in the !
distribution of voting strength in the
League of Nations, Franklin D. Roose?
velt, Democratic Vice-Presidential
nominee, declared in an address here
"The Republicans are playir<r a shell
game on the American people," the
nominee declared, because "they are
still busy circulating the story' that
England has six votes to America's
"It is just the other way," he went
on. "As a matter of fact, the United
States has about twelve votes in the
assembly. Until last week I had two
of them myself and now Secretary
Daniels has them. You know I have ?
hail something to do with the running j
of a couple of little republics. Fact.?
are that 1 wrote Hayti's constitution |
myself, and if I do say it, I think it
a pretty good constitution."
Mr. Roosevelt said that Hayti and !
the Dominican Republic, Panama, Cuba
and Central American countries, who
had at least twelve votes in the league's
assembly, ail regarde?! Uncle Sam as a
guardian and big brother, and that
this country practica'V would have
Woman's Vote Welcome, Says Harding;
Civilization Is Saved, Declares Cox
MARION, Ohio, Aug. 18s?Commenting on the action of the Ten?
nessee- Legislature to-day in completing ratification of the suffrage
amendment, Senator Harding said:
"All along I have wished for the completion of ratifio#tion, and
have said so, and I am glad to have all the citizenship of the United
States take part in the Presidential election. The Republican party
will welcome the response of American womanhood to its appeal to
the confidence of all our people."
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Aug. 18.?The following statement was issued
to-day by Governor Cox:
"The civilization of the world is saved. The mothers of America
will stay the hand of war and repudiate those who trifle with a great
principle. The action of the Tennessee Legislature has another signifi?
cance. It is an earnest of the Democratic pblicy to pay its platform
Right to Vote
Gives 9,500,000 More
Right to Vote for Next
President in the Fall
Fight Begun in 1848
Campaign Opened in Seneca
Falls Started Movement
Which Enveloped World
Woman suffrage was won for the
women of all the states in the Union
when Tennessee, th'e thirty-sixth state,
ratified the Federal amendment. Ap?
proximately 27,000,000 women will be
entitled to vote in the Presidential
election this fall. State suffrage al?
ready ha^l enfranchised 17.500,000, and
ratification adds to this number 9,500,
Thii marks the end of the women's
campaign for the ballot which began
obscurely in a little meeting in Seneca
Falls, N. Y., in 1848, swept across this
country, and extendea the political
freedom of women to nearly every
other nation in the civilized world.
Fifteen states in the United States
already had conferred full franchise
rights on women, and in fifteen others
women were entitled to vote for Presi?
dent and for certain municipal offices,
but not for members of Congress.
The suffrage amendment resolution
was passed by the Congress on June 4,
19li). Its wording was that of the orig?
inal Susan B. Anthony amendments,
drawn up by the pioneer suffragist soon
after the Civil War had enfranchised
the colored people and following the
form of the Fifteenth Amendment. It
"The right of citizens of the United
States to vote shall not be denied or
abridged by the United States or by
any state' on account of sex.
"Congress shall have power by ap?
propriate legislation to enforce the
provisions of this article."
Dates of Ratification
Thirty-six states ratified the woman
suffrage amendment in the following
R?In Regular Session (10)
S?In Special Session (20)
1. Illinois .R June 10
2. Wisconsin .R June 10
3. ?Michigan .S June 10
4. Kansas ..R June 16
5. Ohio .~R June 16
6. New York. . . .-..S June 16
7. Pennsylvania.R June 24
8. Massachusetts .R June 25
9. Texas .R June 28
10. Iowa .S July 2
11. Missouri .S July 3
12. Arkansas .S July 28
13. Montana .S July 30
M.Nebraska .S Aug. 2
15. Minnesota .S Sept. 8
16. New Hampshire.S Sept. 10
17. Utah .'..S Sept. 30
18. California.S Nov. 1
10. Maine .S Nov. 5
20. North Dakota.S Dec. 1
21. South Dakota.S Dec. 4
22. Colorado.S Dec. 12
23. Rhode Island.R Jan. 6
24. Kentucky .R Jan. 6
25. Oregon .S Jan. 12
26. Indiana .S Jan. 16
27. Wvoming .S Jan. 27
28. Nevada .S Feb. 7 ?
29. New Jersey.R Feb. 0 !
30. Idaho .S Feb. 11 ;
31. Arizona .S Feb. 12
32. New Mexico.S Feb. 10
33. Oklahoma .S Feb. 28
34. West Virginia.S Mch. 10
35. Washington .S Mch. 22
36. Tennessee .S Aug. 18
Failed to Ratify
1. Alabama. 5 South Carolina.
2. Georgia. 6. Virginia.
3. Maryland. 7. Delaware.
4. Mississippi. 8. Louisiana.
Special Sessions Called
The fact that many state legislatures ;
did not hold regular sessions in 1920,
and would be required to call special
sessions if the .suffrage amendment
were to become effective in time f?ir
the Presidential elections, was the last
great obstacle the suffrage movement
had to overcome. Even in states ?
where the women had voted for I
many years and where ratification was
more or less an accepted fact the Gov?
ernors hesitated to call special ses- !
sions, for reasons of economy, or be?
cause of local political issues which
threatened to become embarrassing.
Governor Allen of Kansas came, to the
To Speed Final
Secretary of State Will
Proclaim Ratification as!
Soon as Tennessee Sends
the Official Notice;
Pioneers To Be Honored
Anthony, Slanton and Molt
Busts To Be Placed in
Capitol at Washington !
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18. Prompt;
promulgation of the Federal woman ?
suffrage amendment, should the action
of the Tennessee Legislature to-day be
confirmed, was promised by Secretary
Colby when word of the vote at Nash?
ville reached the State Department. He
was prepared, Mr. Colby said, to issue
the necessary proclamation immediate?
ly on receipt of official notice that
Tennessee had ratified the amendment.
j When the word of ratification came
| officials of the National Woman's party !
at once sought assurances from Secre?
tary Colby that the official action pro- j
mulgating the amendment would not I
be delayed. They also urged their rep?
resentatives in Nashville to see that no
time was lost in forwarding the official
notice to the State Department.
The woman's party also announced
that steps toward a national celebra-1
tion at the cankar liad been taken. The'
date will be fixed later, and included in !
the ceremonies will be the presentation
to the national Capitol of marble busts'
of the rtio of suffrage pioneers Susan j
B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton
and Lucretia Mott -which it is hop'-d i
will be placed either in the Hall of
Fame or the rotunda of the great !
building. The statue of Frances Wil
lard, presented by Illinois, is the only;
woman's figure now in the Hall of
There still is suffrage work to be
? done, the National American Woman ;
I Suffrage Association emphasized in a |
I statement issued from the headquar- I
i ters here yesterday. The association
j takes it for granted that opposition to
the Susan B. Anthonv amendment will i
continue to develop and will show itself
in court action to prevent the amend- i
ment becoming operative.
The association declares it is pre-j
paring to meet any attacks which may
be made in this direction. "It expects
the Secretary of State to proclaim the
amendment at once as ratified," the'
statement says. "This would seem to
be automatically inevitable. Even if
the amendment is to be the subject of
later attack, the Secretary of State's ;
immediate task is the proclamation.1
Without the proclamation there is no ?
amendment to attack."
The word "male" will not have to bei
stricken from state constitutions, be?
cause it is "read out by the amendment ?
itself," the statement asserts. The
opinion of Charles E. Hughes is quoted
in support, of this contention.
"Can the Presidential election be
thrown out if women participate in it?"
the statement asks. Its answer is:
"Opponents could no more throw out
the Presidential election or find any;
grounds upon which to raise such a ;
hope than they could cause the sun, to |
stsnd still." But the suffragists, the ,
statement says, wi?'?M have ground to!
throw out an election if women were
denied the rigrit to participate.
"Suffragists long ago ceas?jd to je
frightened at anti-suffrage threats,"
the statement say-, "none of which was
ever quite so fatuous as this one."
Man Faces Fine Because
Pigeons Come Back
Newark Faneier Gave Birds
Away on Court Order, but
Homing pigeans which persist in re?
turning to their home in violation of
r. court decree are in danger of being: j
permanently deported. So ruled Judge
Quigley in Newark yesterday.
Neighbors of John C. Wanner, of 1
New York Avenue, complained that his
pigeons were a nuisance. Wanner, who
is a professional trainer of wild and j
domestic animals r.nd who boasts that !
he has disposed of many lions, bears
and even pigs, informed the court that '.
although he had given his pigeons,
away in accordance with a citv ordi
nance, they persisted in flying back to
their home roosts.
Judge Quigley extended a week's ;
grace to Wanner in which to deport
the bird3 or be fined.
usuallv h.'ip decide a bey's first step In the ;
Husln?M!? World, Intelligent paren'.? read
The Tribune. Call ?p Beekman 3n.,o anl
give your Help Wanted advertisement, or
place It through any of Tho Tribune's j
Want A<1 agents?over 600 in Cij^ater New
By 49 to 47
Unexpected Votes of Two
Men Swung to Resolu?
tion at Critical Stage
Saved Cause of Women
By Powerful Lobby
Leaders Confident Effort
to Reconsider Will Be
Futile; Colby Is Ready
to Issue Proclamation
, Special Dispatch *o The Tribu-"
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Aug:. 18.?i
The Tennessee House of'Representa?
tives to-day ratified the Susan ?.
Anthony amendment to the Federal
Constitution giving the suffrage to
women. Unless a motion to recon?
sider, which comes up to-morrow at
10:30 o'clock, is successful ratifi?
cation will have been completed by
the thirty-six ?tales necessary to
make it effective.
The vote by which the resolution
was adopted was 4!) to 47. Speaker
Seth Walker, opponent of suffrage,
changed his vete in order to move
for reconsideration, so that the if?
ricial vote stands 50 to 46.
The Tennessee Senate ratified ?a-?;
Friday by a vote of 25 to 4. If the
House to-morrow votes down the mo?
tion to reconsider all that will re?
main to give women the suffrage
throughout the country will lie a
proclamation by Secretary of State
Colby at Washington. Secretary
Colby will issue this proclamation as
soon as the action of the Tennessee
Legislature is formally certified to
By the amendment 9,500,000 wom?
en will be added to the 17,r>00,000
who, by state enactment, already
possess the suffrage.
Mow Parties Lined L'p
The l?ne-up of the parties in to
Democrats Aye, 35; nay, 34; ab?
Republicans Aye, 1">; nay, 12; ab?
The line-up in the Senate last Fri?
Democrats Aye, 18; nay, ?*.
Republicans Aye, 7; nay, 1.
In preparation for the final vote to
morrow both s;?:?-s are busy Lo night,
the suffragists stiffening their li
that a vote may r.?.?t be lost and the
antis doing then- utmost to win ovei
enough members to turn defeat into vie
The antis had a two hour confe?enc?
behind closed doors in a hotel i ion
here to-night. The decision was t?
inspire telegrams from every countj
??f the state to members reproaching
them for thei r v? te for rat il
ITiey intend t?i get a hundred <?r s?
messages to each suffrage member, an?
many more t?> the two who made vie
tory jui isible.
SufFrage leaders arc taking steps t?
counteract tins, having suffrage friend
express through the" wires their ap
preciation for the votes of the'.
friends. They believe the antis wil
gain nothing by their maneuver.
A bill has already been drawn b
Jud&e Joseph Higgins, president o
the Tennessee Constitutional Leagm
tu stop Secretary of State Colby froi
promulgating Tennessee's action. ]
will be served when the Legislature
action becomes binding by defeat c
?apse of the House motion to recoi
Wh?-n the House session bpga
morning there were few present v.!
did not believe that suffrage wi
doomed to <ie:' at. The cards v. ire a
-;. - . ?I against ratification. A '.
day and Tuesday new
workers had been pouring into ' ih]
ville. Claim agents, legislative atto
neys, "fixers," lawyers allied with 0
anti-lobby came in on each trai
Secret wires were pulled ami seci
pressure applied. How powerful the
influences wen- is seen in the fact t:.
of the sixty-two pledged t-> vote f
ratification only forty-nine did so. li
the lobby could not get enough.
found itself unabU- to sway tv.?> mc
who had all along been consider
doubtful, ami these two men, L-y t
unshaken way they clung to th?
pledges, enabled the House? to ratify.
Doubtful Vote Clinches Victory
One Democrat and one Republic
aru this afternoon comfortably e
sconced in the suffrage hall of fan
Representative Harry T. Barns, Repi
I-can, had long been classed doubtf
He had been given up again and again
suffragists. On motion to table t
resolution, he vot'd to table. B
when the roll call on ratification can
bis ''aye" ran?? out throughout the hi
and gav'e to suffrage the chance to ti
The other man was Hanks Turner
Denn?-rat. Hy too had been given i
No one counted on him. But on the n
tions to table he voted with th.. s
fragists. When the final roll call cat
Burns'? vote gave an a?lv ntage of o
The motion to table had twice been 48
48 and with Burns's exception :
remained the same down to Turn<
name. Speaker Seth Walker was ?
ting by Turner, talking to him
earnest and emphatic tdfiea.
Turner pas<u>d. What was up?