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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Xou LXXX No. 26,968
New York Tribune I ne.)
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
Cloady and warmer to-day; probable
showers; fair to-morrow, with
moderate south winds.
Foil report on last pa??
THUKSDAW SEPTExMBER 16, 1920
* :?? sjc
TWO CENTS I THREE CENTS
Id Greater New York ! Within 200 Mile?
Sent to Texas
Washington Officials Say
Transfer Is Made in
"Interest of Service";
Brooklyn Row Recalled !
frank L. Boyd?,
Action Surprises Shevlin;
Praises Work of Staff;
Says Violations Are Few
James Shevlin, supervising prohibi?
tion enforcement agent in this district,
?as transferred yesterday to the South- \
western department, which includes I
Tetes, New Mexico, Arizona and Okla?
homa, His headquarters will be in El
Prank L. Boyd, head of the field audit
division of the Internal Revenue De?
partment, arrived yesterday from
Washington to take Mr. Shevlin's place.
The changes, authorities at Washing?
ton ??y, *re in the interest of the serv?
News of Mr. Shevlin's transfer was
unexpected at prohibition headquarters
here. It was said yesterday that Mr.
Shevlin had no suspicion that he was
?bout to be transferred and knew noth?
ing of it until, on his return from Buf?
falo yesterday morning, he found a let?
ter from Commissioner of Internal
Revenue Williams directing the change.
Those associated with prohibition af?
fairs in Brooklyn referred to Mr. Shev?
lin's clashes with Federal officials in
the borough. They recalled the clo?ing
of the Brooklyn prohibition office by;
Mr. Shevlin and the protest which was ;
made to Washington, followed by the !
reopening of the Brooklyn office. A
general shake-up of the service is ex-1
pected in Brooklyn prohibition circles.!
Shevlin Goes to Washington
Mr. Shevlin said the new job would '.
be a change and that he would have
plenty of room in which to work. He
went to Washington last night for in- j
structions and to get a ten-day leave.
He had been in charge of the New
York office since it was inaugurated
last January. Since then 5,000 arrests :
have been made and 50,000 gallons of
liquor confiscated. There have been
2,500 convictions, with penalties
amounting to $2,500,000.
Mr. Shevlin said that conditions in?
Kew York State were not so black as j
they were painted. He said that the !
liquor traffic across the Canadian ?
border was becoming ever more diffi?
cult for the bootleggers. "I have just
completed a trip through the state," he
?aid, "and have found that while there
is some selling in Buffalo, it is done
in a most guarded manner. Syracuse
ia as clean as any city in the United
States. Albany and the vicinity are in ;
In his new position Mr. Shevlin re- !
plaeea David Gates. He will have the !
Mexican border to watch.
Boyd Comes From Kentucky
Mr. Boyd, the xiew enforcement of- |
ficer, comes from Kentucky. He ha3
been in the Internal Revenue service '
twenty-five years. Most oi his work has
had to do with taxes. He said that this
*as the first real prohibition enforce- I
ment work he had been in charge of. ;
He did some work in Pittsburgh and
The new dry agent passed his first
?ay becoming acquainted with his job, j
meeting members of his staff and get- j
ting the lay of the land. He said he .
had no new and startling policy for !
wringing the city dry, and would plod '
along the same nath as Mr. Shevlin for I
toe present. When asked if the force ;
here was going to be enlarged or if he ?
*ere going to make any changes he
Mr. Boyd realizes that it is no simple
task to make New York bone dry.
"He's up against no cinch when he
tackles this city, I'm telling you," said
?prohibition agent. "He's not in Louis?
ville now. If he doesn't know it al?
ready, he will soon."
Aa far as the order transferring Mr.
Shevlin was concerned, old workers in
the revenue department thought little
of it. It was quite customary, they
??id, to be transferred, as the depart?
ment was a mobile for?^ and they
?greed when they took their posts to
go wherever they were sent.
There was no doubt, however, in the
minds of those in touch with prohibi?
tion matters that Mr. Boyd had been
?eut here to "put on the lid, and sit
On Monday prohibition headquarters
?ill move from the Custom House to
Twenty-seventh Street and Broadway.
Shevlin Transfer in Line
With Policy, Says Bureau
Prohibition Chiefs Assert Plan
of Changing Personnel Will \
Be Followed in Other Districts
from The Tribunes Wet*hinote,n Bureau
WASHINGTON, Kept. 15? Jame?
Sheviin. supervising Federal prohibi
Jwri officer at New York, was shifted to
Texas "in the interest of the service,"
ft was announced to-night by the Pro?
hibition Enforcement Division of the
Bureau of Internal Revenue. The
bureau Isaued the following formal
"At the time of the organization of
the forcea operating under the Bureau
of Internal Revena? for the Enforce?
ment of Prohibition, it was decided
frise to appoint supervising Federal
prohibition officers, as well a? the
Prohibition enforcement agent?, with
? v'|;w to making them mobile forces,
?nd with a d?finit* idea cf shifting
them from time to time to different
?ect?on* of the country.
It was decided by the officials of
*M Bureau of Internal Revenue that
y>e transfer of Supervising Agent
Urne? Shevlin to Texas would be in
the interest of the servie?. This shift
>n Personnel in the New York district
*>1I from time to time be followed by
?'mijar shifts of enforcement person
?wjl >n another districts over th? South.
Mr. Shevlin is ?ucceeded In the
?ew York department by Frank L.
K'>yd, head Of the Field Audit Division
''I the Income Tax Unit, Bureau of In
?rnal Revenue. Mr, Boyd i? an old
"na revenue officer with ? long ?*
??rienta in field work."
Government to Curtail
Liquor Permits by Half
Special Dispatch to The Tribuns
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?A
drastic curtailment is scheduled
for October 1 in the number of
licenses issued by the government
to wholesale deabers in alcoholia
liquors for medicinal and other
legal purposes. John F. Kramer,
United States Prohibition Com?
missioner, said to-day the reduc?
tion might be 50 per cent.
Since the first of the year 18,
000,000 gallons of liquor have
been withdrawn from bond. At
the rate at which it has been
flowing from the bonded govern?
ment warehouses under legal
permit?some 2,000,000 gallons a
month?the entire remaining
supply in these warehouses
would soon be exhausted.
Drys to Seek
Of Lax Judges
Anti-Saloon League Opens
Campaign to Rid Govern?
ment of Officials Who
^Evade Prohibition Laws
Wets Not Down, It Says
Wheeler Calls Upon People
to Aid by Electing Only
Liquor Foes to Congress?
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?A program
iesigned to "rid" the government of
officials who do not observe or en?
force the "spirit as well as the letter"
:>f the Volstead act was put under way
at the first session to-day of a national
jjsonference here of Anti-Saloon League
As the first step toward carrying out
the proposed program, the Rev. P. A.
Baker, superintendent of the league,
appointed a committee to draft a reso?
lution which, league officials said,
would serve notice on Federal judges
that their "sacred duties must be
sacredly performed." The committee
ivas instructed to report to-morrow. *
Impeachment proceedings were sug?
gested as a means to compel lax judges
ta employ in a proper manner the
penal provisions of the prohibition en?
forcement act in dealing with persons
:onvicted of violating the law.
Demand a Dry Congress
The conference in its discussions
evinced a determination that the next
Congress be "made dry and kept dry."
Speakers expressed the fear that "the
power of the wets is not entirely
downed," and unless a majority is
maintained in Congress favorable to
rigid enforcement the prohibition code
niay be changed.
?administrative officers, it was indi?
cated, also will be brought within the
league's program, several speakers as?
serting that in a great many instances
administrative officers were not func?
tioning to the satisfaction of the drys.
The proposal was made that the league
"build fires under those who betray the
tutst" of their appointment.
f he opinion was expressed that liquor
interests might seek to defeat the aim
of the law by obtaining the appoint?
ment of officials who would wink at
some kinds of violations.
The discussion of league officials
brought half a dozen vigorous attacks
on officials of varying grades who have
to do with enforcement of the Vol?
stead act. The Internal Revenue Bu?
reau was criticized for issuing "scads
of wholesalers' permits" and Federal
judges were accused of "coddling"
moonshiners and bootleggers.
Many judges were pictured as too
lenient and have permitted violators
to escape punishment with fines of a
few hundred dollars. Speakers also
told of what they described as "amaz?
ing conditions" in many localities
where "saloons run almost openly and
even a stranger has no difficulty in ob?
Plea for Public Support
Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel
for the league, made an address in
which he called upon "all persons who
believe in law enforcement" to stand by
the league in electing only dry candi?
dates to Congress. He said it was a
most "inopportune time" to ( ncouragc
lawlessness, saying that the country is
facing "much defiance of law," and he
believed serious danger lay in the situ?
"If the outlawed brewers can defy
the Constitution of the United States,"
Mr. Wheeler said, "then any other
group of citizens which does not like
a law can proceed to nullify it, and the
government itself would bo in jeopardy.
When law enforcement is gone, then all
order is gone.
"Now is the time for every 100 per
cent American to insist upon fair and
honest enforcement of the Eighteenth
Amendment and upon the election of
(Continued en pajo four)
Soviet Regime Reported
Proclaimed in Yucatan
Mexico City Hears Government
Troops Clashed With the
Radicals Near Yalcoha
Sp?cial Cable to The Tribune
C'or>yritfhW?i*20. New York Tribune lwt.
MEXI?pCITY, Sept. 15. A clash
between jjwernrcicnt troops and the rad?
ical? of Yucatan occurred Tuesday near
Yalcoba, According to private advices
here, which are not confirmed in gov?
ernment circles. It is reported that a
?t?te of rebellion ha? been proclaimed
in Yucatan; that a soviet government
ha? been established, and that a call has
been issued by the Socialist? to rully
to resist the government troop?, which
already are mobilizing and advancing
to suppress the disorder?. .
Tho dispatche? received here ?ay that
government force?, under Colonel Car
mona, have captured a ?oviet outpoet
and taken tbout twenty prisoners.
President de la Huerta attribute? the?
diiordcr? in Yucatan to political bit
ternes? rather than to Bolshevik agi?
tators. The Minister of the Interior ??
understood to regard the. disorders as
the result ?? unrest brought on by so?
cial development ai the people.
Plan to Hold
Will Never Give Up, Head
of Turin Soviet Group
Tells Tribune Writer;
"Work Before Revolt''
16,000 Active in
^ Big Fiat Factories
Law Giving Labor Con
trol of Industry Beinj
Drafted by the Socialist
By Ralph Courtney
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Ines.
TURIN, Italy, Sept. 15,--The next'
few days will show whether Premier
Giolitti's return from Aix-les-Bains
will be the signal for a revolution in
During the recent labor meetings the
workers voted resolutions of a mod?
erate nature. This is not, however,
a very reliable guide to what eventu?
ally may happen. I am assured by the
president of the Tt^rin Soviet that the
workers will not surrender. "Whatever
happens," he declared, "the workers will
never consent to give up the factories."
By means of a passport from the
general labor headquarters at Milan I
was able to be present at one of the
first meetings of the Central Soviet for
Turin. Escorted by local Red guards, I
was taken through bewildering passages
to the sixth floor of the Cameradi La
vero. Here sits the metallurgical
council, which has taken over all so
vietized industries of Turin. I was
sljfown into a large room under the
eaves of the building. A dozen'men
sat around IT table. I ,was introduced
to the leading members, and as the re?
sult of my recommendations from
Milan they showed a willingness to dis?
cuss the situation with entire frank?
Work Overshadows Revolt Talk
They told me that they had enough
raw material to last another week, but
did not know what would happen at
the end of that time. They said that
they already had started an exchange
of raw materials among the factories
so that all could continue working.
What impressed me most about the
Turin Soviet was the earnestness of
its members. They appeared more in?
terested in their work than in revolu?
tion. In this they differed consid?
erably from the Reds in Milan. In
Milan the revolutionary and political
side of Bolshevism takes first place
Afterward, when the members of the
Turin Soviet showed me over the gre'at
Fiat works employing 16,000 men, they
talked earnestly and lovingly aboul
the various steel processes, seemingly
forgetting entirely for a time thai
they were Red revolutionaries.
Equal in Same Cause
The leader of the Turin Soviet ap
peared to be a man of some capacity
His hair has grown longer than tha
of the usual workman and he was dis
tinguish(jyjl frpm the others by a silk
knitted neckerchief tied around th?
throat. He had steady, enthusiastic
black eyes and spoke with authority
The others showed him deference whei
they spoke, but he did not try to domi
nate the conversation. He was emi
nently good looking and appeared t<
be about thirty-five years of age.
asked his name, but he requested m1
not to publish it.
"There are no names here," he said
'?Wc all work equally in the sam
Doubtless this man never was for
mally elected president, but his natura
ability for leadership made others re
fer to him in a time of crisis. A youn
Turin lawyer, an "intellectual" who ha
thrown in his lot with the revolution
aries, was anxious to give a complet
explanation of the situation. He pai
deference only to the president and an
other workman whose position ar
peared to be that of vice-president.
Market for Products' Needed
The president of the Turin Sovi?
told me that the Italian sovietized ir
dustries not only needed raw material
but would soon require a market fc
"We have a large number of Fiats <
the latest type ready for delivery, b?
sides numerous automobiles from th
Lancia and Scat works. We can gi\
spot delivery against cash of aboi,
five hundred Fiats alone. Any pu
chaser can communicate with the teel
nical and commercial committee at tl
(Continue? on paga eight)
Italian Premier Calls j
Parley in Labor Crisis
ROME, Sept. 15 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).?Premier Giolitti
has intervened in the metal work?
ers' dispute and has invited rep?
resentatives of the employers and
workers to meet him at Turin.
Several delegates already have
arrived there in response to the
Man in Holdup;
^if e Also Shot
Bandit in Civilian Attire
Slays Tailor With Three
Bullets When He Resist?
His Demand for Monej
Tragedy in Daytim?
Two Passersby Overpowei
Assailant in34th St. Shop
Police Obtain Confession
A soldier in civilian clothes entered
the establishment of Max Rabinowitz,
a tailor and dealer in Liberty bonds,
at 233 West Thirty-fourth Street, yes?
terday and, meeting with resistance,
shot and killed Rabinowitz and serious?
ly wounded his wife.
The bandit is Harry R. Van Reed, a
corporal in the recruiting service of the
United States Army, who lives at 52
St. Nicholas ?\venue. He was captured
sopn after the shooting. Van Reed says
he planned the hold-up in order to get
enough money to pay debts amounting
to $500, which he had contracted
The crime h<d all the elements of a
motion picture thriller, with John R.
Nelson, a rjephew of Federal Judge
Frederick R. Anderson, of Indianapo?
lis, and Patrick J. Mooney, a printer,
of 223 West Thirty-fourth Street, play?
ing the heroic r?les.
Arrested Once in Chicago
Van Reed is a clerk in the army re?
cruiting office at Thirty-fourth Street
and Seventh Avenue. He is thirty-six
years old and has been in the army
on and off for the last twelve years.
He admits having been arrested in
1912 in connection with a stick-up in
Chicago, while he was a sergeant at
According to his confession to As?
sistant. District Attorneys John R.
Henim and Nathan. Birchall and the
police, he had been despondent for
some time because he needed money.
He declared he owed the Red Cross
$300 and had lost $500 in gambling.
He decided yesterday either to get the
money by robbery or to kill himself.
Being on a two days' leave of ab?
sence, he put on civilian clothes in
violation of army regulations and,
loading a 38-caliber pistol which he
said lie purchased six months ago,
went to Thirty-fourth Street. He had
passed the Rabinowitz establishment,
with the Liberty bonds displayed in the
window, many times on his way to the
army station, and chose it as the scene
of his crime because he noticed that
two elderly persons were in charge, the
husband being sixty years old and Mrs.
Rabinowitz more than fifty.
At about 11 a. m. he went into the
place and asked Rabinowitz about a
fur collar for an overcoat. While the
tailor was advising h\"i to go to a de?
partment store Van Reed drew his gun
with the remark, "Keep quiet. I want
those bonds in the window and al!
the other bonds and cash you've got."
Tailor Attacks Bandit
There were about $25,000 in Libertj
bonds and $10,000 in cash in a saf?
nearby. Mrs. Rabinowitz was sitting
in a corner and, seeing the gun pointe(
at her husband, jumped to her feet
Her husband, instead of throwing u]
his hands, flew at the bandit. In th?
course of the struggle the tailor was
shot three times in the abdomen anc
He fell, and while his wife took uj
the fight he crawled out through th
hallway to the entrance. Pulling th
outer door shut behind him to im
prison the robber, he hung to the knot
gasping: "Murder! murder!"
Nelson was coming from the Penn
sylvania station, across the street, hav
ing just arrived from Indianapolis a
a traveling mechanic for the Midwes
Engineering Company. He heard
shot, and a little later heard the o\<
man's cries. He rushed into the hall
way, where he was confronted by Va
Reed with the gun in his hand.
Before the robber could pull th
(Continued on paga six)
U. S. Prosecutes B. M. Bariich .
For Shipping Birds to Friends
fron? The Tribune's 1Va.:hinpton Bureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Bernard
M. Baruch, close personal friend of
President Wilson and William G. Mc
Adoo, is in the toils of the Ft.leral
Acting under instructions from the
Department of Justice, Francis G.
Caffey, United State Attorney for the
Southern District of New York,' is
prosecuting Mr. Baruch in the Federal
courts of New York on a charge of
violating the migratory bird law.
Mr. Baruch became enmeshed in the
law as the result of a shooting party
given by him at his large private
shooting box, near Georgetown, S. C,
and his desire to give several of his
New York friends some g;?.me ducks.
Mr. Bar?ch, it- is charged, shipped
ducks shot in South Carolina to New
York for distribution among the
friends in question, thereby violating
a section of the migratos^ bird law
prohibiting the transportation of game
birds outside of the state in which
they ar?! killed. President Wilson made
such shipments illegal in a proclama?
tion Issued July 31, 1918, after he had
signed the act of Congress.
Among those who made up the shoot?
ing party were Mr. McAdoo and Ralph
Pulitzer, publisher of The New York
World. It is reported that they got
When Mr. Baruch sought to send
some of tl(% ducks to his friends game
inspectors in South Carolina reported
i to Edwin T. Meredith, Secretary of Ag
riculture, who is a close friend of Mc
Adoo and was one of McAdoo's strong?
est, supporters at the Snn Francisco
convention, that the. ducks were on
their way to New York.
Secretary Meredith followed the usual
form of procedure by passing the case
to the Department of Justice, accom?
panied by a formal request for action.
Mr. Ciiffey' declineVl to say anything
concerning any possible action he
might take in connection with the
case of Bernard Baruch and would not
even say whether he had received any
orders from Washington on the case.
Mr. Baruch said the law he is said
to have violated limited the number to
fifty ducks a person, and he believed
is was "claimed there were twenty-four
"There seems to be a misunderstand?
ing. An inquiry has been instituted
concerning the number shipped from
my place," Mr. Baruch continued. "I
had a number of guests at the pluce
and apparently shipments were made
by various men, friends of mine, as
well as by myself. Some may have
been shipped after I left there."
Mr. Baruch explained that the date
when the .shipments under investiga?
tion worn made was "a year or so"
ago. It was necessary in making ship?
ments, he said, to go "three and n hulf
or four miles across the bay." Ducks
shipped by his friends, he said, may
have been sent by the same man who
made nhipments for him, leading the
game wurdens to the conclusion that
all were his. Mr. Baruch said it was
customary for all telegrnrns, tickets
and similar expenses to be charged to
his personal account.
Ready to Quit
New Head of French Re?
public Is Expected to
Be Elected Next Week;
Foch Possible Choice
To Be a Candidate
Poincare, Peret and Jon
nart Regarded as Other
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920, New Tori? Tribune Inc.
PARIS, Sept. 15. Sooner than gen?
erally expected, perhaps a week from
to-day, France will have a new Presi?
dent. Minister of the Interior Steeg
vilited Paul Deschanel last week and
took official cognizance of the fact that
the President no longer is capable of
carrying out the functions of his
In the absence of Premier Millerand
Steeg went to Rambouillet, for the
nominal purpose of placing numerous
state documents before the President.
He found the Executive in a very seri?
ous state of health. Deschanel exhib?
ited symptoms of the beginning of a
general paralysis and behaved in an
abnormal manner. The President
asked irrelevant questions about some
things and displayed indignation about
"Why wasn't I consulted about this
nomination?" he asked querulously re?
garding an appointment. He wanted
to know why he hadn't been informed
before about other documents pre?
sented to him, and in many ways
showed plainly that he no longer was
able to take a normal view of his
Consents to Resignation
In going to see Deschanel Steeg also
was intrusted with the delicate mis?
sion, in the event that the President's
case appeared hopeless, of sounding
him out as to whether he. was willing
to resign his position.
After a long consultation with Des
chanel's family it was decided that it
would be better not only for France
but for the President himself if he
were to relinquish his office.
Deschanel was informed of the feel?
ing in Parliamentary circles against
his candidacy, and after some hesita?
tion *he agreed to resign.
> It is understood that the government
does not intend to lose a moment in
electing a new President. Millerand
is issuing an official declaration that
under no circumstances would he ac?
cept the candidature. Probably within
tho next week the National Assembly
will be convened to elect a new head
of the republic.
The government is desirous of get?
ting the Presidential crisis over at
once, because the present moment is
considered a convenient one in which,
to swap horses. France has passed the
most difficult part of her diplomatic
stream, now that the Geneva confer?
ence has been cancelled and she has
reached an agreement with Italy. She
desires to set her house in order be?
fore new international complications
have time to, arise.
Jonnart Probable Successor
Millerand, who could be elected al?
most without opposition, prefers to re?
main at the helm of the French ship
of state until his foreign program is
accomplished. Senator C. Jonnart
probably will be the governmental can?
didate. He formerly was governor of
Algeria and fulfilled numerous official
posts with correctness and ability. His
most noteworthy act was dethroning
King Const'intine of Greece, whom he
was sent out to dethrone by the. then
Premier of France, Ribot. .
One point against Jonnart, however,
is that he also suffers in health. After
his first success in Greece, Premier
Ribot wanted to send him there again
as a high commissioner, but Jonnart
was compelled to decline. Despite gov?
ernment support, it is said in parlia?
mentary circles that Jonnart "will be
a difficult candidate to elect."
Millcrand's withdrawal makes the
Presidential field an open one. Not
only Millerand, but all the other can?
didates who would be sure to be elected
do not want the post. Leon Bourgeois
does not want to leave the presidency
of the League of Nations. Bcysides, he
considers himself too old to accept the
position. Raymond Poincare also has
no desire to bo placed again on the
shelf of the French Presidency.
Poincare a Possible Choice
Nevertheless, if another candidate
cannot be agreed upon, it ?3 not en?
tirely impossible that Poincare will
accept tho office as a patriotic duty.
Outside of these persons mentioned,
there is no one of .'striking ability or
personality suited .for the office ex?
cept Marshal Foch. Although no one
in France is more popular than the
head of the French army, it is doubt
(Contlnuetl on paps levon)
Mincola Aviator Killed
When Plane Hits Tree
Lieutenant Spencer Perishes in
Massachusetts; Student Pas?
senger Slightly Hurt
NORTHFIELD, Mass., Sept. 15.
Lieutenant Haven Spencer, U. S. A.,
was killed late to-day when his aero?
plane crashed into a tree as he at?
tempted to land here after making an
exhibition flight. Herbert McMillan,
a Dartmouth College student, who was
a passenger in the plane, escaped with
Spencer, who was stationed at
Mine?la, L. I., made the trip from Long
Island yesterday and had planned to re?
turn to-morrow. He had made several
flights to-day, accompanied by his
mechanician. Sergeant Chaulct. Just
before the final trip Chaulet gave up
his seat to McMillan. After striking
the tree the plane capsized and landed
in a cornfield.
Spencer enlisted in the aviation
corps in August, 1917, and had been
stationed at Kelly Field. San Antonio,
Texas, during the greater part of his
service, He was twenty-seven years?
old and was the son of the Rev. and
Mrs. George Spencer, of this town.
Tribun* rendir? luive roiifldenre fn ?In ad?
vertising column? mi account of the
"Merchandise Guaranteed" Plan. Thin pol?
icy Involve? a cure fill Inspection of the
?innlh'tit Want Ad. Consult tho Want Ad.
columns dully fur Items ui intorcst.?Advt.
Thompson Men Leading
In Illinois; One Killed,
Women Beaten in Riots
British Press Sees Big Republican
Victory in Result of Maine Election
From Tho Tribune's European Bureau
(Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.)
LONDON", Sept. 15.?The result of the Maine election is the sub?
ject of editorial comment in most of the newspapers here to-day, the
majority of which see foreshadowed a sweeping Republican victory in
The election campaign is beginning to receive extended cable at?
tention in tho newspapers. The Northclit?e?. organs contain almost
daily accounts of the speeches of the two candidates.
Naturally, most interest centers on Senator Harding's comment on
America and the League of Nations, although there also is much
speculation on the tariff question.
Europeans generally are prepared to expect an American policy
of withdrawal from the campaign of internationalism advocated by
President Wilson. Despite the efforts of the permanent secretariat of
the league to show that it is wielding a powerful influence in interna?
tional affairs, the general public knows that as it is now constituted,
it is impotent, and it is so treated by all the Allied statesmen, Premiers
Lloyd George and Millerand included.
If Harding is elected and he takes an active part in reorganizing
the league, Europeans will feel that America has made a considerable
cont?nbution toward international stability, and that the United States
has gone a long way toward fulfilment of the promises which Mr. Wil?
son led Europe to expect.
With Wilson on
Secretary's Advocacy of the
Plan Now Favored by Root
and Harding Was Cause
of Friction at Paris
President Annoyed by Plea
Brushed Aside the Scheme
Which Cabinet Member
Had Worked cm 20 Years
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?Advocacy
of an international court of justice as
proposed hy Elihu Root and insisted
upon by Senator Warren G. Harding in
recent addresses, was the chief bone
of contention between President Wil?
son and Secretary of State Robert
Lansing at the peace conference, ac?
cording to reliable information here
Mr. Lansing had long been an ad?
vocate of some such plan before the
League of Nations was proposed either
by General Smuts or Woodrow Wilson
or any one else. As a matter of fact,
Mr. Lansing had frequently discussed
the world court idea with Elihu Root
and with James Brown Scott, of the
Carnegie Endowment for International
?^eace. Professor Scott, in 1916, pub?
lished a discussion of the subject in
book form, under the title "An Inter?
national Court of Justice."
Curiously enough, Professor Scott
was not only one of Mr. Lansing's ad?
visers at the Paris peace conference,
but has acted in a similar capacity with
Mr. Root recently in Europe.
Insistence Annoyed Wilson
Feeling as he did, Mr. Lansing con?
stantly insisted upo? the world court
'idea being embodied in the League
of Nations, but President Wilson paid
little attention to the suggestions of
his Secretary of State. Mr. Lansing,
it is said, became so forceful in his
contentions for the idea that the Presi?
dent was annoyed, and it is to this
that the President is understood to hive
referred in his letters to Mr. Lansing
at the time the lutter resigned.
The President said that he had be?
gun to notice in Paris the reluctance
of Mr. Lansing to follow out the Presi?
dent's idea",. It was in the samo let
tor that the President mentioned the
necessity of having some one as Sec?
retary of State whose mind would more
williAgly "go along with" his own.
Wilson Intolerant of Court Idea
"It is another case," said a friend of
Secretary Lansing to-day, "of the '?tone
which the builders rejected' becoming
the head of the corner. Mr. Wilson
could not tolerate the injection of such
an idea m his league. He viewed the
mere suggtstiorT almost as a piece of
effrontery. Now it is held up not only
as essential, but as something without
which the league cannot accomplish
its functions. It is advocated not only
by Senator Harding, who will probably
become President because of the ob?
stinacy of President Wilson on the
league issue, but by Mr. Root and ap?
parently by the nations which at pres?
ent compose the League of Nations.
"Mr. Lansing offered this suggestion
to the President, not as a half-baked
idea, but as a problem which he had
been working out and perfecting for
twenty years. He had virtually invit?
ed discu.-sion of it for twenty years
by his articles in The American Jour?
nal of International Law. Some of the
best minds in the world, including that
of Elihu Roo?, hatl been at \vor?k with
Mr. Lansing on the question. But it
was intolerantly brushed aside by the
President because the President seemed
to have a passionate objection to the
.slightest chang? in the plan he had
approved. This ?3 the stranger since
the President was author of only 0
small part of the league covenant
virtually only Article X?the rest be?
ing written chiefly by the British."
income Tax Forms for 1920
Likely to Remain Unchanged
WASHINGTON. Sept. 15.- Only minor
changes, if any, will be made at present
in the income ta.""forms, if tho sugges?
tions of the committee appointed by the
Commissioner of Internal Revenue ,to
revise the forms are followed. The com?
mittee, after a conference to-day, an?
nounced that It had in mind no radical
changes in tho form? far 1920.
Harding to Base
Plea to Women
On Maine Vote
Senator Works on Speech
That He Will Deliver Soon
From Front Porch as Mes?
sage to Feminine Citizens
Urges Them to Affiliate
Necessity of Joining Seme
Party Above All Other
Considerations, He Asserts
From a Staff Correspondent
MARION, Ohio, Sept. 15.?Senator
Warren G. Harding is working on a
speech he plans to deliver soon from
his front porch as a message to the
women of America. He said to-day, in
an informal talk with newspaper cor?
respondents, that he had found splen?
did material for this speech in the at
1'tude of women voters in the Maine
"The women of Maine voted as
American citizens and not as a sex,"
Senator Harding said. "They have
given real thought to the issues of the
campaign. Thev see in the purpose of
the League of Nations a proposition to
mortgage tnc luturJ of the United
States to the Old World and a menace
of war. I have always felt that women
given the franchise would not arfd
should not lead to the formation of a
feminist party. I am frankly delighted
with the result in Maine, and especial?
ly with the manner in which th(
women exercised their right of suf?
Senda Message to Women
There were no delegations schedulec
to visit the Senator to-day and fev
important visitors. So the candidat?
motored to Columbus for a game o
golf, the first he has had in severa
weeks. Before he left, however, hi
prepared a message for Mrs. Ray F
Zucker, president of the Women'
Harding and Coolidge Club of Nev
York, copies of which are to be sent t>
all Republican women's organization
in the country. The message follows
"Our country will be well served b;
the participation in politics of all ou
citizenship, now justly the constitu
tional grant to women.
'I believe that before we emphasiz
the need for any new voters to join
particular political party we must en:
phasize the need for their joining som
party, and giving to the party of thei
choice their service, conscience, wis
dorn and loyalty.
"Too much is heard of independen?1
in politics. I do not mean that I \roul
wish to urge those whose conscience
separate them from their allegiances t
remain silent or passive, but I mea
that the fashion of parading indepet
dence is to be deplored. Co?peratio
and organization, of all human eflfor
require some sacrifice and concessic
(Continued on psife three)
British Bolshevik Leads
Attack on Labor Exchange
Four Hundred Join Demonstra?
tion in Harlesdens, In*
From The Tribune's Furopenn Bureau
Copyright, 1920. New York Tribune In?-.
LONDON, Sept. 15.?Harlesdens, an
industrial town on the northwest? out?
skirts of London, jumped into- promi?
nence to-day through an attack on the
government's labor exchange by a man
who described himself a Bolshevik
leader. Four hundred men and women
accompanied him, but they were soon
bundled out of the building by the
police. They then marched four
abreast to a private building, which
they announced was British Bolshevik
The entire proceeding lasted less
than an hour, but aroused much inter?
est and amusement. The British Bol
sheviki have shown not the slightest
desire to fight the police, although
they insisted upon the right of free
There is considerable unemployment
in the Harlesdens district, many shops
which formerly did war work having
cloM'd thdlr door?.
Early Returns Indicate
the Mayor's Candidates
Carried Cook County
by 75,000 to 100,000
At Chicago Polls
Four Men% Kidnaped in
Fray; Efforts to Steal
Ballot Boxes Defeated
CHICAGO, Sept. 15.?Candidates
backed by William Hale Thompson,
Mayor of Chicago, in his struggle
with Governor Frank O. Lowden
over political control of Illinois, were
leading to-night on early returns
from Cook County (Chicago) and
from the state.
The voting to-day followed one of
the bitterest campaigns in the his?
tory of the state, and, despite elabo-*
rate precautions by both state and
city police authorities there were
many disturbances. In Chicago on?
man was killed, four kidnaped, sev?
eral oeaten and a half dozen arrest?
ed on charges ranging from election
fraud to assault to commit murder.
Several women here were hurt in
the fighting at the polis.
0 Several unsuccessful attempts to
steal ballot boxes were made ajjd two
precinct captains were included amor?;?
the four men kidnaped, in each case
by gangs in automobiles.
Returns indicate that Mayor Thomp?
son's machine carried Cook County by
from 75,000 to 100,000. Len Small is
the Mayor's candidate for Governor
and Representative Frank L. Smith his
candidate for the Republican nomina?
tion for United States Senator.
Governor Lowden supported John G.
Oglesby, Lieutenant Governor, for th?
gubernatorial nomination, and William
a. McKinley for the Senatorial nomi?
Figures Shown by Returns
Returns from 664 precincts out of
5,737 in Illinois, including 234 outside
of Cook County, give for the Repub?
lican nomination for Governor:
Carlstrom, ..',901; Oglesby, 29,906;
Small, 43,569; Woodruff, 2,763.
Returns, from 639 precincts, includ?
ing 209 outside of Cook County, for
the Republican nomination for United
States Senator give Chiperfield, 5,648;
McKinley, 27,836; Smith, 40,891.
Returns from 580 precincts, includ?
ing fifty outside of Cook County, for
the Democratic nomination for Gov?
Lewis, 20,453; O'Hara, 3,712.
Returns from 585 precincts, includ?
ing forty outside of Cook County, for
the Democratic nomination for United
States Senator give Burke, 12,089;
Among the Democrats two close races
developed. Maclay Hoyne, seeking a
third term as State's Attorney for Cook
County, was running behind Michael
L. Igoe. Robert E. Burke, of Chicago,
and i-'elcr A. Waller, of Kewanee, were
within a few votes of each other in re?
turns from 310 precincts, including ten
outside of Cook County, for the Dem?
ocratic nomination for Senator.
Joseph G. Cannon led on early re?
turns in the 18th Congressional Dis?
trict, with 56 out of 211 precincts in.
He had 3,562 to 2,676 for K. B. Cooley.
Charges that the assailants in most
cases were Thompson adherents brought
statements from the Mayor's faction
that many of the 2,000 special deputies
syorn in by Sheriff Peters, a Lowden
adherent, were ex-convicts and that
they had started most of the fights.
Sheriff Peters said a few "disreputable
characters" might have been included
among his deputies, but that they were
discharged a? soon as discovered.
Women Workers Active
Women workers were out in force in
every ward in the city and every
county down-state, despite the bail
weather, and they made good their
promise to bring nearly every one of
their sex to the polls before they
closed at 5 o'clock.
The fighting at the polls in Chicago
during the late afternoon amounted to
terrorism The deputy sheriffs sent to
the polls to prevent fraud were looked
upon by the policemen as a lawless ele?
ment. The deputies, on the other hand,
vested with county authority, refused
to leave the noils at the orders of the
The entire Democratic organization
ticket, state and county, was expected
to win, with the possible exception of
State's Attorney Hoyne, who was op?
posed for renomination by Michael L.
Never before have so many marked
ballet* been carried to the polling
places, and those who did not have
sny were readily supplied by the many
factional workers who congregated
near the ballot boxes.
Heavy Slush Fund Reported
There was a deluge of money on the
Thompson side. The City Hall forcea
expended an average of at ?east $100 in
each precinct in their effort to influence
voters, it is raid.
Michael Fennesy, thirty-five ycaps
old, a precinct worker, was shot and
kilied at a 17th Ward polling place by
a policeman. Detectives who arrested
the slaver said he had been drinking.
In the fighting in Chicago several
women were hurt. One-of them was
Miss Emily Geary, election clerk, while
another was Mrs. M. L. Spree, another
election clerk. They were knocked
down and bruised in the general melee
is their ward.
An instance of the trouble between
deputies and policemen is illustrated
by the following:
Detective Sergeant Anthony Nagel,
according to witnesses, attempted to
drive away Lee Thornton, a negro
special deputy sheriff assigned to a
polling pIrco at Twenty-eighth and
State streets, in the heart of the Sec?
ond Ward. Thornton showed hits star
as a special deputy.
"He's got a right to be here," said .
J. P. Mulvin, captain pi the precinct.