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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE is GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXX No. 20,9(7
New York Tribune Inc.?
First to Last?the Truth: News ?Editorials?Advertisement
Partly cloudy Ui day and to-morrow;
continued warm; gentle
Tell report em teat vmsje
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1920
In Greater New York
With*? SCO Mile?
Gift to Cox
fitness at Senate In?
quiry Says Dayton Con?
cern Drew Check Ap?
parently to Pay Note
jCol. Deeds Among
Political Parties Report
ed in Control of Two
War Veterans' Papers
from The Tribune's Washington Bureau
' WASHINGTON, Sept. 24.?
Charges that Governor Cox has ac?
cepted campaign contributions from
corporations, and that a large part
of the money was spent through
liquor organizations were made be?
fore the Senato committee investi
gating campaign expenditures to
S?y by George B. Lockwood, editor
?f The National Republican.
Lockwood appeared before the
committee as the result of a "lead"
furnished by Judge Edmond H.
?Moore, Covernor Cox's pre-conven-1
tion campaign manager at San i
.Francisco, who, it was testified, pur- j
chased some of the business records i
ei Tile National Republican and '
hid them before the committee in an
effort to show that the Republican
Katianal Committee was spending !
huge sums through the political |
newspaper in order to conduct Re-:
jobliean propaganda throughout the
Testimony before the committee cov?
ered a wide range of subjects. Joseph
F. Hefferr.an. pub'ishor of The Stars,
and Stripes, declared his paper is con-1
trolled by the secretary of W. D.Jamie
Wn, director of finance of the Demo- ;
cratic National CummittPe. and that The '
American Legion Weekly is controlled
hy the Republican National Commit
Eg, The S'-nate committee also heard ?
further evidence that Administration ;
?Skiais had gone to San Francisco at ?
the time of the Democratic National I
Convention at government expen?7e, and '
later it inquired into the finances of j
the League to Enforce Peace.
Says Check Was Covered I'p
It was specifically charged by Mr. i
Lockwood that in 1918 Governor ?ox I
received a check for $5,000 from the
Dayton Metal Products Company which
Was "covered up" by means of a per?
sonal note given by Governor Cox, and
that in 1916 the company", through
tkiee of its stockholders, also contrib?
uted $21,000 of a $37,000 <~'.nd spent on
behalf of President Wilson and Gov- j
ernor Cox by Ohio liquor and brewing ;
The charges threw the Democrats at
the investigation into confusion, and it
Is probable that Governor Cox will be
summoned to appear before the Senate
Committee before long to answer them.
H. E. Talbot. of Dayton, president of
the Dayton Metal Products Company
?ad also president of the City Nation?
al Bank of Dayton, which handled the
alleged contribution, was called on the j
ta-g-distance telephone immediately
after the charges were made. He will
appear to-morrow. Senator Edge, a Re- ;
publican member of the investigating ;
committee, served notice that if Talbot ;
cannot clear up the whole matter the
Democratic nominee would be called.
Senator Reed, of Missouri, the only j
Democratic member of the committee |
Ctent whef the charges were made,
Is'.. J that the committee immediate- ?
?J investigate ?hem, although it con- |
jerned Governor Cox's campaigns for
?OTernor in Ohio and was beyond the
acope of the Senate committee's in
Goe ; Into Past Campaigns
4n making his charges before the
iomminee, Mr. Lockwood paid that he
*a* offering a "lead." It proved to be
<?e that offered a fruitful field for an
m'est i gat i on cf the conduct of Gover
*? Cox's prpvioua campaigns, and un
*Ma Senator Pomerene, the other
Democratic member of the investigat?
es nmmittee, who was absent to-day,
? able to have It abandoned, it is
feobable that the Senators before they
Pj through will make a aearchiBg in?
jury into 'iov.rnor Cox's campaigns in
Wjo in 1916 and 1916.
Whether the committee will go to
j**yton ar.d conduct its investigation
J**re will depend vnon the informa
Tt.*Ui.plicd by Mr' Talbot
Hr i lea'1 ' given t,.e committee by
"r- Lockwood. in addition to informa
??? regarding tha alleged contribu?
ai to the Cox campaign by corpora
wtw. involve? the use of the Dayton
Ej!"fp**vention Commission funds in
.or the alleged purpose of repay
*?* contributors to the Wilson-Cox
?mer? Oppose Troops;
Threaten General Strike
gyW Worker? Will Be
?T ?Ut in West Virg?n?a if
Soldier? Stay, Say? Leader
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Sept. 24.?A
|j??*l strike, involving 126,000 or
?*??*<i workers of West Virginia, will
?*?'.ed "if Federal troops are to be
*? a strike breaking agency m
?k_T..0f ,or the protection of the con
^Wtion?! rightB of eiiiz(!nn of ?uu
?^ ?ation, .?id <;. k. Keeney, resident
Asni'rl 7' t;nit?'l Min? Worker? of
Ufa**' in ? ?taternent issued here to
fc?LK!*!?<'y "ld*d that "b?iore this
?"?H?tion is taken, however, the
W :'Z ?<"Hh*rn Weet Virginia will
*? ?w?*^4 }? u'* th?ir influence
m* ttoL A1*1 mW*? removed ff-oro
H\\.? "** tcanf-u?ljty "??y pre
????jiLif4 *??? the K*en.y ?Ute
*?he V*a John 3- Comwel! said
tie, VI J2j "?.oested Federal ?uthori
fimat? n^'T tb/< trooP? horn Minfo
Wr?kkS^.X**' *' but ???* ?? 'lew of
2r*_fwM ???? that the soldi??
iffita " *tr,k* r*i,*n "?wmltlBf
Independent to Run
As Rival to Lenroot
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
MILWAUKEE, Sept. 24.?
James Thompson, of La Crosse,
twice defeated in the Republican
primaries for the nomination for
United States Senator, will be an
independent candidate at the elec?
tion on November 2 against Sen?
ator Lenroot, according to a
statement published in a Madison
morning paper. La Follette
leaders at Madison declined to
deny or affirm the report. ? ?
It is also stated that La Follette
plans to put in the field an inde?
pendent against W. J. Morgan,
nominee for Attorney General,
who led the fight against the Non
partisan League at the platform
Actor Says Giant Leader
Floored Him With Punch
on Jaw as He Offered His
Hand for Friendly Grasp
Manager Denies It
Baseball Man Asserts That)
Lackaye Came to His
Home Seeking Trouble
Another friend of John J. McGraw,
manager of the Giants, went to the
hospital yesterday. This time it is
Wilton Lackaye, the actor. lie is go?
ing to have an X-ray examination of his
ankle to find out whether any bones
are broken. He suspects that there
are and declared yesterday that if
there were, John J. McGraw broke
them by hitting him in the jaw.
Mr. Lackaye declared .that McGraw I
punched him when he thought that the !
bareball man merely was getting ready ;
to shake hands. He went to McGraw's^
home, 303 West 109th Street, Saturday'
night, he said, just to show him that
no little affair such as the recent Sat- j
uiday night fraca3 at The Lambs, at
tho end of which John C. Slavin, ai
friend of McGraw, was discovered out?
side the McGraw home, his sfcull frac
tured, should be allowed to come be- j
tweer. such friends as Wilton Lackaye |
?'.r.d John J. McGraw.
McGraw Makes Denial
McGraw's version of the affliction suf?
fered by Mr. Lackaye was entirely dif
ferent. He gave it in a statement ;
signed in the prpsence of Magistrate I
.rancis X. McQuade. The statem?nt fol- ?
"About midnight Saturday, September
18, Mr. Lackaye, of his own volition, !
called at my apartment. After some i
little talk, Lackaye said he understood I '
was to make a statement against the
Lambs Club. I replied that if I did it
was my own affair.
"In reply to this he became abusive,
using vile and indecent language. 1
remonstrated with him, telling him
that Mrs. McGraw was within hearing,
and insisted on him leaving my house. ?
He refused, whereupon two of my
guests, Magistrate P'rancis X. McQuade i
and B. J. Praitt, of Chicago, escorted ?
him to the door.
"After he got outside the door he
kicked one of my guests, Mr. Praitt, ;
and in the scuffle that followed slipped I
to the floor. I did not see anything j
that happened outside my premises
and did not strike Mr. Lackaye at any
Mr. Lackaye returned recently from
a vacation in Canada. A friend told
him that McGraw felt very badly about
his tight with William Boyd at the
Lambs Club and regretted the loss of
friends among the club members.
Actor Explains Attack
, "Through this friend I sent McGraw I
a message of cheer," said Mr. Lackaye. I
"I told him that twenty-five years ago I
a man had told mc that a friend who i
stuck to his frineds when they were i
both right and wrong was the only
worth-while friend. I told him that I
was his friend and that I would like to
"After McGraw received this mes- j
sage I called him up on the phone and l
he told me to come up to his house. He
said several friends were there and he
wanted me to meet them.
"Acting onl? in the interests of
friendship, I went to see McGraw and
told him that ?the bcyit thing he could
do was to forget the quarrel at the
Lambs Club. McGraw became suspi?
cious and demanded to know who had
sent me there. I replied that no one
ever sent me anywhere and that I
was acting on my own initiative. I
also told him that if he held any
suspicions as to my motive I would
have to leave.
"It was then that I extended my |
hand to McGraw and he attacked me.
There was no warning, as McGraw had |
put out his right hand as if to shake
mine. Instead, he drew back his left
and smashed me in the jaw.
"I crumpled up on a sofa and my j
ankle twisted under me. I got up and
aimed a few wallops at McGraw. The
fight was halted by persons in the j
room. I got to the street without as- ?
sistaiice, called a cab and went to a
drug store. The day after the quarrel
I consulted a doctor and found that :
my ankle had been fractured."
8 P. M. TO-DAY
NEW YORK TRIBUNE
Early copy is sure of inser?
tion. Send your ad? in early
for Sunday's Tribune.
?Phone Beekman 3000, or go
to "any of The Tribune's
Want Ad agents conveniently '
located in all parts of Greater
New York. I
Foreman Says Man Who
Acted for Gamblers and
Made Offers to White
Sox Players Is Known
Only Few Players
Involved in Fraud
aArnold Rothstein, William
Burns and Abe Attell
To Be Called to Testify
CHICAGO, Sept. 24.?H. H. Brigham,
foreman of the Cook County Grand
Jury investigating alleged baseball
gambling, to-night told newspaper men
that the name of the man who "fixed''
the 1919 world's series for Cincinnati
to win had been given to the grand
jury. This man, Brigham stated, acted
a:? a representative of a ring of gam?
blers, who offered Chicago White Sox
players money to throw games to the
Brigham declared that the testimony
thus far given had caused the grand
jury to decide to subp?nae Arnold
Rothstein, of New York, millionaire
turfman and controlling owner of the
Havre do Grace racetrack; William
Burns, former Chicago American and
Cincinnati National League pitcher;
Abe Attell, former featherweight box
ing champion, and several other well
Earlier in the day Mr. Brigham is- i
sued a statement declaring positively
that there had been "crooked work" in j
organized baseball, and setting forth j
the intention of the Cook County grand
jury to get to the bottom of it.
At the same time "Charles A. I
Comiskey, owner of the White Sox, in '
a statement criticized Ban Johnson,
president of the American League, for ;
failure to cooperate in the investiga- !
tion of chargcj? of crookedness leveled
against the Chicago teams.
These were the happenings to-day
^following the adjournment yesterday;
until Tuesday of the grand jury. Other j
features of the day -re:
Announcement that the grand jury j
would not be dissolved on September
30, but would be retained as a special
inquisitorial body to probe further the
charges of crookedness in baseball.
Sensational charges by Rube Benton,
pitcher for the New York Giants.
that a pool of $100,000 was paid to cer
tain White Sox players by a Pittsburgh I
gambling syndicate for the ''throwing"
of the world series between the Chi- ;
cago White Sox and the Cincinnati
After Gambling Syndicates
Indications that the grand jury in- j
vestigation would reach out and em
brace the activities of the so-called j
gambling syndicates whose sinister in- i
fluences are said to have been at work ?
in certain games.
A rumor reported by Ban Johnson
that the same gambling syndicate !
which is said to have operated so suc- \
cessfully last year had threatened cer- i
tain White Sox players with exposure
unless they agreed to "throw" games
Active cooperation of Federal au
thorities in suppression of baseball
gambling. District Attorney Clyne,
upon hearing that the mails had been
misused by certain syndicates to con?
duct pools, called Rush D. Simmons,'
postal inspector for the Chicago dis?
trict, into conference to instruct him
to investigate for violations of the law.
Reiteration of Mr. Comiskey's offer
of $10,000 reward for any direct evi- i
dence that a White Sox player had I
helped "throw" a game, and his assur- |
anee that rather than retain any dis- :
honest man on his team he would go I
into this year's world scries "with a
team of second raters."
The grand jury statement was issued I
as the investigating body prepared to
Jay aside the baseball inquiry until !
next Tuesday, when a number of new
witnesses will be called. Among those
scheduled are George M. Cohan, theat
rical producer; Mont Tennes, and John
A. Heydler, president of the National I
League. Cohan is said to have lost ?
$30,000, and Tennes $80,000 on the j
world's series las; year.
Jury Foreman's Statement
The statement by Foreman Brigham
"The unscrupulous tricksters have,
without doubt, 'reached' some of the I
more weakly charactered baseball
"Enlightening testimony is coming
from many men whose motives are sin?
cere, are purely sportsmanlike, with the
intent of placing the game and keeping
it upon the high level that it has occu?
pied in the past. ?
"If the evidence warrants the jury
will indict and thereby bring to trial
those guilty of crime.
"The grand jury will appreciate any
clews that lovers of clean sport
throughout Ihe country may give it,
(Continued on page ton)
Marconi Offers Radio
To Send News of Fiume
FIUME, Sept. 2.1.?William
Marconi, visiting Fiume yester
, day on his yacht Elektra, was
j met at the landing hy Gabriele
| d'Annunzio, the latter's legion
i aries, 'the city authopitie? and a
; great throng of cheering citizens.
Signor Marconi, speaking from
i the central balcony of the palace,
! promised to'donate to Fiume a
'; powerful radio station capable of
I transmitting news great dis
? tances, so that the world might
learn of what was going on in
| Fiume. The announcement was
| greeted with a tremendous demon
Black and Tans'
Sack 3 More
Police, in Reprisals for
Murders, Burn All but
Ten Houses in Miltown;
People Flee to the Hills
Ultimatum to Balbriggan
| Threaten to Destroy Town if
Public Funerals Are Held ;
MacSwiney Much Weaker
By Frank Getty
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright, 1320, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Sept. 24.?News reached
London to-day of the sacking of three
more Irish towns bv the "black and
tans," making eight this week which
have suffered from reprisal raids by
this new government police force.
The harvest fields of County Clare
and vicinity were the scene Wednesday
of the ambush of a police lorry, in
which five policemen were killed be?
fore the lorry was set .afire. Serious
destruction of property and some los?
of life followed in the towns of Mil
town, Malbay, Lahinch, Ennistymon,
Doonbeg, Bealaha and Cree. Balbrig?
gan is the eighth town to suffer from
the police reprisals.
OYily ten houses in Miltown escaped
damage. Many were destroyed by the
incendiary fires. Eye-witnesses report :
that uniformed men rushed through I
the streets, shouting, firing their rifles,
smashing window? and destroying
property wherever possible. Houses
were fired after kerosenu had boon i
poured into them from lorries. Sol- !
diers from a neighboring barracks i
helped the citizens fight the flimes. j
The local police also assisted in the
rescue of the inhabitants whose lives |
were endangered by the flames.
Inhabitants Flee to Hills
Similar scenes were enacted at La?
hinch, where many of the inhabitants!
were forced to flee to the sand hills
north of the town, where they spent
the night in great suffering and terror.
One man was shot dead by the "black
and tans" and another was mortally
At Ennistymon five houses were
fired and two men were killed. Hay
ricks between Lahinch and Ennistymon I
were burned. ;
Officiai inquiries into these activities,
of the police are being instituted. The ?
investigation at Balbriggan, where In
spector John Burke of the Royal Irish
Constabulary was shot early this week
has been suspended pending the recov?
ery of his wounded brother, Sergeant
Burke, whose testimony is necessary. :
In an inquiry at Abbeyi'eale a police- ;
man told of the shooting of two civil?
ians, saying that they ran from him
and after shouting to them to halt,
he shot both dead. |
The continued prohibition of>the
coroner's inquest in the case or the
Sinn Fein councillor Lynch, who was :
slain by the "black and tans" at the
Royal Exchange Hotel in Dublin, is
adding to the public incredulity of the
official version that he was shot while
trying to escape.
An order to-day forbidding parades I
of Sinn Fein volunteers at funerals is
bitterly resented, especially in view of
the possibility of a funeral at Cork
at an early date.
In connection with the banning of
funeral parades, the inhabitants of
Balbriggan have been notified by the
"black and tans" that the destruction
of their town will be completed if the
victims of the former raid arc buried
publicly. Consequently the Repub?
licans attribute the new order to the
influence of the "black and tans" and
are asking whether the official govern?
ment or the new police force is the
real ruler of Ireland.
By dynamiting the safe in the Dublin
General Postoffice early to-day after
overpowering the lone night watchman
two unidentified armed men obtained
more than ?'3,000 in cash and escaped.
It is believed that the marauders
were members of a gang of twenty
(Continuad on page (href)
Mrs. Spreckels to Stay in London
And Face Barrett in Gem Case
From The Tribute'? Furopran Bureau
Copyright, 1D20, New York Tribun" Inc.
LONDON, Sept. 24.?Mrs. John D.
Spreckels, who has applied for a war?
rant for the arrest of Captain William
N. Barrett, husband of Alice Gordon
Drcxel, of Philadelphia, New York and
Newport, charging him with the theft
of a $100,000 necklace, was much sur?
prised to-day to learn that Harret was
in California. She was compelled at the
last moment to change her plans for
returning to the United States to-mor?
row and now intends to remain in Lon?
don until Barrett is brought here.
"I first met Barrett," said Mrs.
Spreckels to-day, "in Washington in
1914 and I hadn't seen him again until
I met him at the taces at Sandown this
year in company with some friends.
He was extremely gracious and pleus
ant and I understood that he was a
man of independent means. He prom?
ised to havo me meet some of his
irl?.nds, and as I hud been traveling
around for mor? thnn a year I was glad
to remain In London for a few months.
Marrett kept his word, introducing me
to many poraona of aocial prominence,
inelMoing several titled ladies."
It waa aoon after they became ?c
qiiainted that Mrs. Spreckels intrusted
; her jewels to Barrett. About a fort?
night later, when she phoned his apart
j ment in Portrnan Square, she learned
that he had left the city. She attached
no importance at first to his disanpear
? anee, but when repeated inquiries
brought iho SRme reply that he was
out of the city, Mrs. Spreckels be?
came uneasy and finally started an in?
vestigation which led up to the appli?
cation for a warrant for Barrett's ar
In the West End the case is causing
much surprise, as Bairett was acctu
i tomed to moving !n the best social
circles and was himself a lavish en?
.V,?., Uil Di.ipnteh t? The Tribune
?LOS ANGELES, Sept. 24.?William
N. Barrett, who is in this city visiting
friends, has retained II. L. Giesler, an
attorney here, to represent him. It is
; expected that Barrett will fight extra
j dition procecdijigs^started in London.
| Domcatlo Help Problems
velVH* _?_..,V'.1 hy coru-ultlni. Situation
! t,^'1 'T'"?1? Ad?, that. app,ar In The
I wi-YSJ ?1?"yn_?r by ????run? a Help
Wanted A<1 rhon* B.?kmm 3M? or go
?T?r r?0<nT.?.VTr,f'he'" W*nt Ad. AB?nU.
I -?.vor BOO in Oreafar New York.? Advt.
Wave to Hit
Wholesalers and Retail
: Men Hope to Stimulate
Buying by Public, Re?
ports to Tribune Show
j Chicago Grain Falls
As Movement Grows
Cleveland Worsted Co.
Announces 30 P.C. Re?
duction ; Labor a Factor
Reports received by The Tribune
yesterday indicate that the cutting of
prices is gaining headway. Dealers re
| port that reductions in the retail prices
i of men's ar.d women's clothing might
be soon looked for, as ?a result of .the
! desire of both wholesalers and retail?
ers to stimulate renewed buying by a
! public which has become weary of high
John W. Hahn, executive secretar}
| of the National Garment Retailers' As
j sociation, referring to the reduction!
, of 20 to 25 per cent recently made bj
the woolen manufacturers, announce?
that the retailers "are preparing tc
i meet the drop in prices." Ilead^ o:
| some of the big department stores as
serted that the action of the Fore
1 Motor Company and the II. H. Franklir
Manufacturing Company in reducing
! the prices of their automobiles wai
? merely anticipating a drop in prices o
i commodities in general.
Chicago Grain Prices Fall
Prices of wheat on the Chicago grail
'? market took a drop as a result of th<
; agitation for a lower cost of living
j Wheat fell off as much as 12V, cents ;
i bushel. Other grain fell in sympa
| thy. Food prices in New York, how
i ever, showed no tendency to dror.
markets and restaurants reporting tha
; "prices are coing up, if anything."
In tin' Middle West signs of activ
| price cutting were noted. The Clevc
i land Worsted Mills announced reduc
Ltions from 15 to 30 per cent on good
I manufactured for spring. Toledo ar
! nounced that prices of lumber ther
had fallen off 20 per cent. Chicag?
which has been conducting an offici;
inquiry into the prices of food
charged by restaurants, continued it
One obstacle (o greatly reduce
prices, it was pointed out yesterda;
is the determination of labor unior
not to agree to lower wage scales, bi
to insist on higher ones. George 1
Snnford, president of the America
j Association of Woolen and Worste
Manufacturero, said that, althoup;
woolen prices have dropped from 20 t
25 per cent, clothing manufacture!
still have to contend with high price
for skilled labor, which might have
tendency to check the. drop before tr
manufactured rroduct reaches the coi
Price-Slashing Sales Predicted
Intimation that many retailers a:
planning drastic price cuts, with
series of sales such as were witness?
during the 20 per cent reduction wa?
that swept the country last sprin
was made by Mr. Hahn.
"I find already." he said, "that me
chants are preparing to meet the dr<
in prices. Some of them are plannii
intensive sales. ?They realize that tl
public is tired of paying high prie
and that a big volume of business ci
be gained only on a lower price bas
Sale after sale will be held by son
retailers. It is possible that the a
tion of a few will be follow'ed by ti
"Late last spring most of the reta
ers realized tney could not sell th?
merchandise at the high prices ci
manded by wholesale costs and s
cording!^* cut them. Then they i
solved not to be caught again by t
rebellion of the consumer against t
prices. Accordingly, they have stock
up on fall goods in a most limit
manner. Our association, despite t
many criticisms leveled at it by mar
facturcrs of women's garments, h
steadfastly advised bur members
buy as little as possible."
Simon Forecast Reductions
Franklin Simon, head of Frank
Simon ?fe Co., and president of the >
tional Garment Retailers' Associate
some months ago predicted a loweri
of prices and said in his newspaf
advertising that prices were comi
Several retailers ventured the op
ion that the widespread public
given the price drops within the Ii
few days will unsettle the confidei
of the ultimate consumer and cai
him to defer his purchases until he
convinced that prices have reached 1
lowest possible level for the ti
Bankers Look for Slow
But Sure Price Declii
?Mail Order Business Falls C
Seriously and a Fnrth
Cut n Rates Is Like
Mail order houses in New ?York ;
undecided on the question of issu
new lists in competition with the lo\
prices announced by Sears, Roebi
i & Co. and Montgomery Ward & Co.,
? Chicago. No statement could be
; taine.l from officials of the Chai
Williams Stores here. Smaller n
! order houses reported that they 1
! made no decision.
S. G. Rosenbaum, president of
National Cloak and Suit Company,
serted that his firm, realizing t
(Continued on n?t pa??)
Perfumed Bath, Every
Night Off, for Serva
Also $35 a Week, Limousii
Amusement Tickets, Fruit,
Rich Steaks and Chicken
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PROVIDENCE, Sept. 24.?The foil
ing advertisement appeared to-day
the "Help Wanted" column of an af
noon newspaper here:
HOUSHMAIP with ?rood appetite.
moatly rirh fruit. ?teaks ?nd chlcl
perfumea bnth ami nil toilet articles
vlded; ?very nl?ht oft; limousine
airiwcment ticket? provided; wages
The advertising manager of the m
Finper says the advertisement appar
y was inserted in good faith and
several replies already have been
Drastic Laws Enacted
To Stop Rent Gouging;
Evictions Are Halted
Teeth Put Into Rent Lan s Will Drive
Gougers Out of City, Says Justice Levy
ALBANY, Sept. 24.?Chief Justice Levy, of the Municipal Court
in Now York City, said that the bills passed* by the Legislature to-day
would make the city too hot for profiteering landlords, and that they
would be driven out of Wcstchester County also.
"The justices of the Municipal Court," he said, "now will be able
to interpret the laws uniformly. The rent laws now have real teeth
in them, and they will not only stamp out the profiteering landlord, but
stop the gouging landlords making Bolsheviks out of the ignorant
peoble who blame the government for the unconscionable greed of the
comparatively few men who are a disgrace to the real estate com?
Holds II Exceeded Constitu?
tional Powers in Direct- i
ing Him to Abrogate
President Hayes Cited
Asserts Compliance With the
Act Would Be Breach of
Faith With Other Nations
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 24.?President I
Wilson announced to-day through the
State Department that he would not
carry out the provisions of the mer?
chant marine act instructing him to
give notice to foreign governments
that they must terminate certain sec?
tions of commercial treaties which con?
flict with the act of the American Con?
The President held that Congress is
without the constitutional power to di?
rect the Executive to abrogate parta of
"The action sought to be imposed
upon the Executive," the President de?
clares, "wouid amount to nothing lesa !
than the breach or violation of said i
In an official statement issued by the i
State Department the point is made
that the President's refusa! to comply
with the direction of Congress does not :
nullify the entire shipping act, but:
makes inoperative Section 34, which
requires the President to serve notice ;
on nat?o?? that the merchant marine
act ?3 supreme.
Text of Official Statement
The State Department announcement
"The Department of State has been
informed by the President that he does
not deem the direction, contained in !
Section 34 of the so-called merchant j
marine act, an exercise of any constitu?
tional power possessed by the Congress.
"Under the provisions of the section ;
referred to the President was directed :
within ninety days after the act be-i
came law to notify the several govern?
ments with whom the United States!
had entered into commercial treaties
that thi3 country elected to terminate |
so much of said treaties, as restricted '?
the right of the United States to im-:
pose discriminating customs duties on;
imports and discriminatory tonnage
dues, according as the carrier vessels
were domestic or foreign, quite regard-'
less of the fact that these restrictions
are mutual, operating equally upon the I
other governments which are parties
to the treaties, and quite regardless
also of the further fact that the
treaties contain no provisions for their
termination in the manner contem?
plated by Congress.
Would Mean Treaty Breach
"The President, therefore, considers!
it misleading to speak of the 'termina?
tion of the restrictive clauses of such
treaties. The action sought to be im-'
posed upon the Executive would;
amount to nothing less than the breach '
or violation of said treaties, which are i
thirty-two in number and cover every
point of contact and mutual depend-,
ence which constitute the modern re- j
lations between friendly states. Such ;
a course would be wholly irreconcilable
with the historical respect which the!
United States has shown for its inter- ?
national engagements and would fal
sify every profession of our belief in
the bindirg force and the reciprocal j
obligation of treaties*in general.
"Secretary Colby, commenting on the
(Continuad on pago four)
Three More Killed in
Labor Riot? in Turin
Bomb Thrown Near Police Of- ;
fice, Fragments Damaging
Buildings in Vicinity
ROME, Sept. 24.?Disorders continue
at Turin and rifle firing is sometimes
assuming" the character of a battle in
the outskirts of the city, according to
dispatches reaching Rome. Three
more persons have been killed, it is
said, among them being Mario San
tini, president of the Young Men's
Nationalist Association. A bomb was
thrown in San Carlo Square, near the
central police office, but no one was
killed or injured. The nearby build?
ings were struck by fragments. Po?
lice and military authorities have made I
about 200 arrests.
A resolution passed by the Council
of the Workmen's League, inviting the
people to remain calm and not to ieop
ardize negotiations in the metal work?
ers' dispute by acts of violence is pub- |
lished by the newspaper Avanti.
LONDON, Sept. 24.?Workmen em?
ployed at the Orlando shipyard at Leg?
horn have refused to turn the plant
back to the owners until they are paid
wages for the time they have'been on
strife*, says a Rome dispatch to the
Excr" nge Telegraph. (
Port Is Blocked
By Great Flood
Ellis Island Congestion Is
at Its Climax a?d Com?
missioner Wallis Goes to
the Capital to Get Aid
3 Steamships Held Up
Many Arrive Lacking Money
or Tickets to Carry Them
to Their Destinations
The congestion of aliens at Ellis
Island, which began three weeks ago,
reached a climax yesterday when the
Immigration Bureau issued an order
that no immigrants would be received
from inbound steamships until Monday.
When the immigration station has a
full equipment of inspectors the capac?
ity of Ellis Island enables the bureau
to handle a maximum of 5,000 immi?
grants a day. *
Commissioner Wallis left the city for
Washington yesterday to confer with
the Secretary of Labor on means of,
getting relief from the unusually over?
crowded condition of the island.
2,221 Detained on Island
Byron H. Uhl, Acting Commissioner,
"We we're obliged to keep 2,221 de?
tained aliens on the island last night,
a number far in excess of our sleep
ing accommodations. It will require
the next thirty-six hours to dispose of j
these and make room for others that j
are now being held aboard theU'ateam
ships that brought them to this coun?
try. We sent inspectors to-day aboard
four steamships that have been in port I
for several days without unloading
their steerage passengers. These* in- |
spectors will make their examinations j
and will admit to the country all who
are eligible to land.
"Those who fail to pass the prelim- j
inary examination and are ordered de?
tained will not be sent to the island j
for a few days but will be kept aboard I
such vessels as the steamship lines i
have in port. This will, in a measure,
take care of the congestion, at the
The vessels on which examinations
were held yesterday were the Heilig
Olav, from Copenhagen, with 379 im?
migrants; the St. Paul, from South?
ampton, with .379; the Mexico, from
Vera Cruz, with 86, and the Carmania,
from Southampton and Cherbourg,
Three Await Inspection
The other vessels awaiting inspec- :
tion with their immigrants aboard are
the Patria, from Marseilles, with 1,700;
the Touraine, from Havre, with 538.
and the Celtic, which arrived yesterday
On board the steamship Thomas, a
former transport which was examined
yesterday, were 300 immigrants, who '
were detained as ineligible. It was .
said at Ellis Island yesterday that a I
shortage of money, rather than physi- i
tal or moral fitness, was the chief
cause of the detentions and general
congestion at the island.
Many of the detained persons are
women and children, who are eligible
to admission, but who have neither
railroad tickets to destinations nor the ?
money to purchase them. They are
being held until the relatives to whom I
they are going send them funds or |
come from various parts of the ooun
try to escort them to their destinations.
"Parasitic" Element in
U? S. immigration Grows
Government to Warn Consuls
Abroad to Use More Care in
Sifting Out Undesirables
WASHINGTON, Sept. 24. ? Reports
received at the State Department from
the immigration authorities concern?
ing? the class of immigrants now com?
ing to this country may result in in?
structions to American consuls in Eu?
rope to exercise greater care in sifting
out the undesirables from the lists of
those applying for permission to come
to the United States.
It was said to-day that the foreign
representatives of the State Depart?
ment had been able to check materially
the attempts of the known radical
element to enter America, but that
they had not been able to prevent a
huge increase in the number of what
is characterized in the reports from
the immigration officers as "economic
Immigration authorities have re?
ported to the Department that the
ever-increasing stream of immigra?
tion ' now moving into the United
States carries a far greater number
of Europe's shiftless element than it
did before the war. Appeals of the
immigration authorities to the depart?
ment that it assist In clarifying the
stream declare that before the war
a large part of those entering the
United States were in search of work,
but that now the greater part are
those who are attempting t? escape
work in their own countries.
Measure to Exempt Mort?
gages From Income
Tax Alone Defeated ;
Jury Trials in AH
$25,000 Provided for In
vestigation of Alleged
Bidg. Material Combine
From <i Staff Correspondent
ALBANY, Sept. 24.?The Legis?
lature adjourned to-night after en
: acting the entire program of the
Lockwood housing committee, de?
signed to abolish rent profiteering,
with the exception of the bill ex:
tempting incomes from mortgages
from the provisions of the state in?
The Legislature also adopted a
resolution of Senator J. Henry Wal?
ters, directing the committee to in?
vestigate the alleged conspiracy of
the building material men to boopt
prices and to inquire into the condi?
tions of the mortgage market.
Twenty-five thousand dollars was
appropriated to carry out this in?
vestigation, which will gtart imme?
The Legislature met at 10 a. m.
j after the leaders had been in an all
? night conference with Judge Aaron
J. Levy, chief judge of the Municipal
Court, and Municipal Court Judge
Harold A. Spiegelberg, perfecting
the seven measures which were
passed to-day. Before adjournment
both houses voted thanks to Judges
Levy and Spiegelberg.
Provisions of the Bills
The bilis passed to-day provide:
That a landlord cannot dispossess
a tenant unless he desires to obtain
possession for persona) use, intends
to build a new dwelling house, non?
payment of. rent, or where the ten?
ant is objectionable.
That local legislative bodies may
exempt new dwellings from taxation
for ten years.
That a landlord cannot dispossess a
tenant who refuses to pay an in?
crease in rent, providing the tenant
pays the old rate.
That a landlord shall not increase
the rent of a tenant pending litiga?
tion with the renter.
That hold-over actions shall not ob?
tain except in cases where the ten?
ant is an undesirable.
That justices of the peace in West
chester County shall not have the
power to dispossess tenants.
That all amendments to the sum?
mary proceeding law shall 3pply only
to New York City and Westchester
The Principal Amendment
All the bills place on the landlord
the burden of proof. The principal
amendment to the rent laws, which is
aimed at stopping profiteering by lim?
iting the dispossess to four specific
"Section 2231 of the code of civil
nrocedure is hereby amended by in?
serting therein a new sub-division, to
be sub-division 1-A, to read as follows*.
"'1-A?A public emergency existing,
no proceeding as prescribed in sub?
division 1 of this section shall be main?
tainable to recover thp possession of
real property in a city of the first class
or in a city in a county adjoining a
city of the first class, occupied for
dwelling purposes, except a proceeding
to recover such possession upon the
ground that the person holding over is
objectionable, in which case the land?
lord shall establish to the satisfaction
of the court that the person holding
over is objectionable; or a proceeding
where the owner of record of the
building, being a natural person, seeks
in good faith to recover possession of
the same, or a room or rooms therein,
for the immediate and- personal occu?
pancy by himself and his family as a
"Or a proceeding where the petitioner
shows t~ <-he satisfaction of the ?eoort
that he- desires in good fai?*h to recover
premises for the purpose of demolish?
ing the same with the intention of con?
structing a new building to be used
I exclusively for dweMing purposes, plans
| of which new building shall have been
duly filed and approved by the propsr
authority. In a pending proceeding
for the recovery of real property in
; bu -. a city, on the ground that the oc?
cupant holcis over after the expiration
of his term, a warrant shall not b?
issued unless the petitioner establishes
to th?. satisfaction of the court that
the proceeding is one mentioned in th(
I exceptions enumerated in this sub?
"This subdivision shall be in effect
only i ntil the first day of Noveai'-er
"Chapter 137 of the laws of 1920
entitled 'an act in relntion to ?ummarj
proceedings to reeo- the possessior
of real property ' .ties of the fir?1
clas. or in in a co-adjoinin.
city of first c. , is hereby repealed
"This act sha.i take effect immedi
Exemption of Dwellings
In the debate on the bills in th'
Assembly Simon L. Adler, of Roches
ter, declared that the most importan
measure in the entire program was th
cne empowering local legislative bod
ies to exempt from taxation dwelling
for a period of ten years. This applie
to construction started before 1922.
The bill giving local legislative bod
I ies power to exempt from local taxe
new buildings planned for dwellin
Section 1. Chapter 62 of the laws o
1909, entitled "An Act in Relation t
Taxation, Constituting Chaper 60 of th
Consolidate Laws," is hereby amende
by inserting therein a new section? t
be Section 4, to read as follow?;,
4-B. Exemption of N?w Btfsldinj
Prom Local Taxation.?Th? UfUUt?