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*$??? BotH Qfriuun*
tint to Last?the "?ruth:/ News?Edi?
tfcMber of Um Audit Bureta of Circulation?
Tuesday, October 5, 1920.
0<*i)?d and puWUb?! dally b? New Tork Tribun?
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Dally ard Sunday.fit yn $13.3* till
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Ent??Kl at the rostoffliv at New Tork aa Saooat
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TRIBUNE with absolute ?afatv? f?r if dlaaatltfaa
tten raaultt In an> case THE TRIBUNE guarantee?
le ?a ynur money back u??n r<X)ue*t. N? rag ta??
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MEMBER OK TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS
Tlx? Auorlaled l'lras la eiclualTely entlllaal to tni
n? for ?publication of all news d'.apat he? cr?dita?!
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?Uo tho ?oc?l new? of spontaneous origin published
A., rtrt".? of rep-ib'Ii-attcn ?f all ethar natui
taraln ala? are ireiserfed.
Most Impudent Audacity
President Wilson is right in rayin?;
that "gross ignorance and impuden
audacity" has marked the league dis
cussion. But he neglects to adt
that of nil men he is the chief of
Pursuing his purposes secretly
never taking the public into confi
denc?, quarreling with friends whei
they dared to venture advice, when
t'ver criticism has become so loud h
could no longer ignore it, he has ?m
itated the cuttlefish and emitted ;
cloud of oracular misrepresentatior
Then, having created what to hir
s eems a satisfactory state of opacitj
he proceeds from behind its scree
to rage against his critics. Thu
ir his latest he in effect insultingl
tells the American people that the
arerfools and that their only prope
function is to accept his unsupporte
The particular audacity the Pr?s
dent now features is in regard t
Article X. He is brazen enough t
say this article in nowise impair
future liberty of national action
that Congress will be free to declar
war or not according to its own ir
dependent judgment, as the Const
The President trifles with a grav
subject?endeavors to make a hal
truth do the work of the whol
truth. Of course, the prerogativ
of Congress is technically respect?e
But it is not denied that there i
sought to be set up an engine c
coercive influence which will i
fact take away from Congress il
freedom and compel it to act a
cording as the league council an
the President may dictate.
As to the war-declaring power c
Congress, the President is of tr
same mind as he is in regard t
the treaty-ratifying power of ti
Senate. He would acknowledge tr
power and thus prevent its exe:
Does he think the American pe?
pie are so stupid as to be deceive
by an evasive and transparent no
sequitur? Imagine a cook wl
stirred her fire to white heat and wl
then said to the water in her kettl
"Dear water, you are at liberty
boil or not boil, just as you like."
The President knows better thi
most men that a power can be d
stroye? though nominally intact. C
Page 233 of his book Congre
sional Government he describes
President's ability "to get the cou
try into such scrapes, so pledged
the view of tho world to certa
??ourses of action," that to avoid t
"appearance of dishonor he mi:
be sustained." Mr. Wilson thus h
long known the technique of coei
On the council of the League
Nations, if his plan were adopt?
would pit tho President's persor
representative, not a repr?sent?t!
of Congress or of the nation as
v hole. This agent would do whal
President ordered, and the prot?
tion of the unanimity rule of 1
council would evaporate. Oh,
would be easy for a willful chief <
ecutive to have his way with(
legally impairing: the letter of 1
The insincerity of the pres<
White House fulmination is furth
more attested by certain thii
said by the President, when
August 19, 1919, the members
tho Foreign Relations Commit
were his guests. In response t<
query of Senator Knox in regard
?v Article .\ he admitted that we wo
be under an absolutely co-mpell
moral obligation to participate
war* Again, in reply to Sena
Harding, as to the duty of t
country to go in, he said: "A mo
obligation is of course superior
a legal obligation, and, if I may
so, has a greater binding force.'
The President cannot have
matter both ways. If Congress
under one obligation, superior ti
legal one, not to exercise its right
refuse to declare war, it is, of com
nonsense for him to intimate, as
does now, that only liars spread
slander that the covenant takes av
discretion from Congress.
Not by such WTetched sophis
are the American people to be
luded. A Congress that acts uni
the compulsion of a moral oblij
tion which is superior to even
express legal obligation is not fr
and no White House ipse dixit <
make it so.
Another phase of the matter t
rot escape attention. Much has b<
said of tli? honor of the nation.
Wp discover the head of the Re?
public now paying: in effect that we
may make a pledge and at the same
time have in our hearts the thought
of not keeping it unless convenient.
Could there he a more abject moral
Frenzied City Finance
The Mitchel administration se?
cured the passage of the pay-as-you
go act in. order to strengthen the
city's credit. This act amounted to
a self-imposed restriction on the
sort of extravagance which eases
the burdens of one generation at
the expense of the next. It com?
pelled conscientisusness and thv'ft
in municipal management.
In his protest againft the enor?
mous inflation of the 1921 budget
Mr. Wallstein, counsel for the Citi?
zens Union, shows bow the Hylan
administration has undermined the
pay-as-you-go law. The Mayor per?
suaded the Legislature of 1918 to
suspend the operation of the law
until one. year after the proclama?
tion of peace with Germany (not
yet issued), on the plea that money
was urgently needed for school
buildings. The city was authorized
to borrow $15,000,000 a year, sup?
posedly for new school construction.
But -the law failed to restrict the
application of these loans to school
purposes, and Comptroller Craig has
recently said that they may be
treated a* a general budget asset.
The city's permanent debt will
therefore be increased by $45,
000,000 or $60,000,000 in spite of
the pay-as-you-go law.
Worse than that, Mayor Hylan
procured the passage of a law at
the recent special session authoriz?
ing his administration to issue long
term bonds to cover any amounts
spent for new school sites and
buildings. The Mayor can there?
fore divert the whole of his existing
$15,000,000 annual allowance to
other projects. If he and his asso?
ciates issue $50,000,000 of new i
long-term school bonds and con?
tinue to put out $15,000.000 ?nl
long-term bonds for other uses, the
city's borrowing capacity will soon
be exhausted, in spite of the sharp
increase in realty valuations. The I
embarrassments from which the :
pay-as-you-go act rescued the city i
will return to plague us. With no '
safe margin, the city will again bei
headed toward high interest ratea ?
on its productive investment bor
rowings and toward excessive
The Mayor's determination lo
build a courthouse at this juncture
throws a clear light on his attitude
toward thrift in city affairs. Though
he promised to reduce budgets he is
not only recklessly expanding them
but is involving the city in new
long-term indebtedness in tbe hope
of covering up his trail The con?
tractors are very hungry and de?
mand a chance to satisfy their ap?
The Name Behind
For bad and costly advice, to the
consumer, we have seldom seen the
equal of the following editorial in
The Xew York Times :
"We are still willing to pay some?
thing for the stamped name that has :
come to be a guarantee of excellence,
but more of us than in the good old
days have come to realize the pos?
sibility of getting the excellence, or
a tolerable approach to it, without
the name, and at two-thirds or half
As a matter of plain economic
? fact, the name behind merchandise
has been the consistent creator of
better goods at cheaper prices, as a
I long lino of manufacturers and re
j tailers?from Henry Ford up and
down?can testify and as the aver
j age consumer well knows.
It is no overstatement to rank the
trademark with the great mechani
; cal inventions of the last century;
] for without it large-scale production
; would have been a futility, lacking
' a large-scale mt>rket commensurate
', with its output. The large-scale
factory, with its vast economies,
would have been a business impossi
j bility had not the trademark enabled
the quantity manufacturer to build
; up a great purchasing public upon
whom he could rely. And the moral
benefit has equalled the economic.
It has consistently made for reliable
goods of high quality and square
dealing with customers.
Tho story of German manufacture
before the war is exactly in point,
In old days the German factory was
a trash factory; it made and sold
fourth-rate goods. Then this coun
, try required "Made in Germany" t?
: be stamped upon such goods, and th<
improvement in quality was imme
! diate and constant. When thus
?tagged, German manufacturers sim
ply could not afford to turn 0111
That is the fundamental economh
fact behind every trademark. High
mindedness, the spirit of generou:
dealing, gains slowly with the cen
turics; but it is not the mainsprinj
of economic life. The creator o:
a trademark is compelled to main
tain his quality and sell at a reason
able price because to do otherwisi
is to sap all value from his trade
mark. It is the anonymous manu
facturer, the dealer operating be
hind shifting, fly-by-night trad'
names, who tricks and skins, anc
seeks to put over damaged or de
fective goods as firsts. He can af
ford to use such methods, for hi:
anonymity protects him.
Equally, the advertiser of i
widely known article cannot, Such
a company is in the exact position
of the old-fashioned man-to-man
artisan of a century ago, who made
his goods with his own hands, sold
them to his friends and neighbors
ar.d had to stand behind his product.
When machine manufacturing came
in this old relationship was lost?
with damaging consequences to the
The trademark has restored the
old relationship. It brings a great
store or the producer of a million
safety razors, or collars, or any?
thing else bearing a famous trade?
mark face to face with each of a
million customers. The good-will of
these million users of goods is the
most precious property that such a
store or manufacturer possesses; be?
side it factories, stores, stocks of
goods, however costly, are negligible
junk. The latter can be reproduced
in a few weeks or month; the for?
mer is the slow growth of years of
square dealing, combined with hon?
The cost of building up a trade?
mark consumes but a tiny fraction
of the price paid by the consumer.
In a typical illustration, the cost
analysis recently published by Rog?
ers Peet & Co. showed exaetlj
$.0183 out of every dollar paid by
a purchaser as going to advertising,
This insignificant sum may be fair?
ly regarded as what a customer
dealing with this firm, pays as in?
surance for the certainty of abso
lutely reliable goods bought and sole
with the benefit of large-scale econo?
mies. It is saved many times ovei
through these economies and througr
the protection against poor qualit;,
and downright fraud.
All this is common sense and dem
onstrated fact. We think most peo?
ple understand and appreciate it
But the comment of The Time:
shows that occasional consumers arc
still operating on the obsolete basil
of buying trash at trash prices. Wc
are glad to repeat the truth for theii
The Series and the Slump
The slump of interest in the once
epochal business of deciding a world
series is audible for miles around.
Right here in the heart of local
pride at its proudest; the folk who
don't give a hoot are numbered in
the vast majority. Even the chatter
of the most excitable fans is con?
ducted sotto rare, with half a
heart and to little solid monetary
Nevertheless and notwithstand?
ing, seats for the nine games have
sold as never before. The money
is rolling into the coffers of the
magnates (which means, in fact,
j tiie pockets of the players) quite as
gloriously as in those days of the
(?olden Age when men actually be?
lieved that baseball was always a
From which situation it will be
speedily inferred by those baseball
leaders whose heads are as baseballs
in the matter of stuffing that noth?
ing need be done. The fan is a fool
and doesn't care how much he is
kicked around. Why worry about
national commissions or doing any?
thing?except wait til! short mem?
ories have forgotten that there over
was a world's series decided by
Fortunately there are able and
honorable men in baseball, and it
is to them that the fans must look.
Brooklyn is proud of its team, and
justly so; Uncle Wilbert is as
square a man as ever handled a
team, and he has clone miracles with
a team of loyal, hard-playing men.
There is ample reason why New
Yorkers should stand by their local
teams in the hour of baseball dis?
grace. Let it be conceded, too, that
baseball is a national habit which
will take a lot of killing.
But baseball can be killed, and
the crooks and cowards of the game
will ultimately kill it if they at?
tempt to ignore the present uprising
'. of indignation and flattening out of
general interest. Money at the
' gate is not the only way of count?
ing the value of a baseball prop?
erty; for ticket money, unless
backed by good will, is a most un?
certain and deceptive indication. A
slump of interest may not be quic.k
ly felt at the box office. But in the
long run it will unquestionably
break the game. That is tho cold,
cast truth, and the sooner our short?
sighted baseball magnates focus
their eyes on the fact the better
for them and the whole national
News from Russia
With respect to news from Rus?
sia the world is news-shy.
It is bound to rely on two sources
of misinformation. First, through
the strangle grip the Soviet govern?
ment has on the Russian press and
all means of communication, the
only dispatches that come out di?
rectly are what L?nine would have i
come out. No presumption of truth
Second, refugees fleeing over the
border tell their stories in Finland,
Sweden or Poland. But these are
untrained in fact gathering. They
know only what they havo seen.
What they report may bo true
enough, but it may not be typical or i
representative. Travelers' tales, espe-1
cially the tales of enforced travel
ers, are naturally received with re
So one doesn't know and can't know
what is happening in the vast, dark
land?to what degree the Soviet
power is tottering. The monstrous
structure will some day fall?this
is clear; but when is not predictable.
As long as it possessed control
over the army the old autocracy was
unshakable. Not until the Cossncks
refused to fire on the people was the
Czar in any danger, no matter what
Russia thought or wanted. Simi?
larly, as long as the new Red army
is loyal to L?nine the new autocracy
may lie regarded as impregnable.
Leiiino feeds his bravos well, just
as the Alexanders and the Nicho
| lases did theirs.
Russia is sick unto death. But
? what is the use of civilians rising
?when machine guns will pepper
them and there are no weapons with
which to respond? Some iyiy it is
< remarkable how the Soviet regime
j hangs on. It is not remarkable at
j all. With its mercenary army back?
ing it, of course it stands, and will
j doubtless continue to stand until the
i army changes.
There is evidence that the Polish
? disasters have discouraged the army,
! and hence the plausibility in the re
< ports that the end is near. But Le
I nine may be able to reestablish dis
i cipline. If he succeeds in this, what
i the people of Russia think is of little
; practical consequence.
Calvin Coohdge Says
(From his address at the Associated
Industries Dinner, Boston, De?
cember 15, ?916.)
We have had many attempts at regu?
lation of industrial activity by law.
Some of it has proceeded on the theory
that if those who enjoyed material
prosperity use it for wrong purposes
such prosperity should be limited or
abolished. That is as sound as it would
be to abolish writing to prevent forgery.
We need to keep forever in mind that
guilt is personal; if there is to be pun?
ishment Jet it fall on the evildoer, let
us not condemn the instrument. We
need power. Is the ??team engine loo
strong ? Is electricity too Swift? Can
any prosperity be too great? Can any
instrument of commerce or industry
ever be too powerful to serve the public
What, then, of the ant-trust laws?
They are sound in theory. Their as
semblances of wealth are broken up be
causo they were assembled for an un?
lawful purpose. It ia the purpose that
is condemned. You men who represent
our industries can see that there, is the
same right to disperse unlawful assem- !
bring of wealth or power that there is
to disperse n mob that has met to lynch '
or riot. But that principle do&s not ;
denounce town meetings or prayer meet
"Carry Your Own"
J'ii the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: So restaurant proprietors are of
the opinion that the "carry your own
lunch" movement will soon end, the
same as did the overall movement. For
their benefit let them be informed that
this is no! a fad but an old style which
?s steadily arousing enthusiasm. Not
only clerks and stenographers are carry?
ing their lunch, but men of high busi?
ness standing. Why? Firstly, because
prices are so high; secondly, because a
lot of time and trouble are saved, i. e.,
dodging down to the corner amidst a
crowd of lunchtime sightseers who pre?
fer to block the hurried business man
rather than to spend a little time reading
in their offices after lunch; thirdly, be
cause it tends in bring about pleasant
lunch parties where an interesting
chat will not be interrupted by some
one's diving for a seat and knocking
the bran oft' the knife, the bean you had
been trying to inhale since you entered
My lunch last week was a real nov?
elty. Five good sized packages at 15c a
package, and five quarts of milk at 20c
a quart, making a total of $1.75 for
sandwiches, cake and milk. Enough to
eat, too. If there is any restaurant pro?
prietor who can do better than th??, he's
hired. FRANK D. MORRIS.
Cranford, X. J., Sept. 30, 1920,
In Defense of Mary's Sons
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I thoroughly enjoyed your edi?
torial on "Fog" of September 30, but I
think the Bons of Mary are entitled to
some defense for their weakness in
things the sons of Martha prove
It is true that if the former would
compare themselves with the latter
?n the particulars to which you refer,
their peevishness might or should turn
into prayerfulness, as you suggest. But
let us not indict the sons of Mary to
the heavisct sentence for their actions.
Her sons have chosen a different path,
liecause differently adapted; and what
the Bons of Mary can bravely face
the sons of Martha might flinch at, or
become peeved over. Don't you think
a lighter sentence justifiable?
E. B. R.
Pelham, X". Y., Oct. 1, 10'iO.
P. S.?For the sake of an exact
analogy: 1 believe the Bible endeavors
to gi\e more credit to Mary than to
Martha. Didn't the latter get con?
demned for thinking that the way to
a man's heart is through his stomach?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the name of propriety I wish
to protest against the insertion in your
otherwise irreproachable paper of an
indecent picture. In the society notes
of September 22 there is a picture of a
beautiful girl, otherwise modestly
garbed, but she is actually showing her
Don't let this happen again or I shall
order my paper stopped, much 83 I am
enjoying Cox's howlings anent slush
funds and Creel's prompt rushing "first
aid'' to him, as Creel did to our revered
President. Ears, however, are too much
for my delicate sensibilities. Being a
spinste? of decidedly certain age, per?
haps I am too easily shocked.
Bradford, Vt., Sept. 23, 1920.
The Truth A?boat the 1919 Scries
In Hughie Fullerton'? inside story
of the 1!)19 serious witch means it
wasn't written out doors he says a
bunch of crooks and gamblers and
sports made up a song about "I'm for?
ever throwing ball games" and sung
it in the lobby of the Sinton at Cincy.
Well Frank we want justice. That
little parody he refers to it was the
brain fag of Mr. Kick Flatley of The
Boston American, Mr. Tiny Maxwell of
The Thilly Evening Ledger, Mr. James
Arnot Crusinberry of the Chi Tribune
and Self of the Bell Syndicate Inc.
And wo didn't choose no public
thoroughfare like the Sinton lobby to
first put the number acrost. We
sprung it in the privacy of a gilded
caf? on the Ky. side where they wasn't
nobody to hear us only V? of Cin?
cinnati and the oil hoys from Texas
that had b/t between ?55000 and a 100
thousand on the Sox according to witch
paper you read, to say nothing about
a few members of Pat Moran's ball
club that must of been wondering to
themself at the time where the Ameri?
can league ever got a reputation. The
song witch was a riot in more ways
?than 1 run about like'as follows:
We're forever blowing ball games,
Pntty ball games in the air.
We come from Chi;
We scarcely try;
Just go to bat and fade and die.
Fortune's always smiling;
That's why we don't care.
We're forever blowing ball games,
And the public thinks we'te square.
Now as for being a bunch of crooks
and gamblers and sports I don't hold
no brief for Nick and Tiny and Jim,
but personly I am a plain honest
homo loveing bird that only supped
twice in their life, once when I bet
on Willard and once when I bet on
the White Sox, and both times I was
thinking of the wife and kiddies. Is
it my fault if the gamblers fixed the
world serious and Dempsey fixed Wil
iai'il ? No Frapk.
RING W. LARDNER.
Perhaps the man arrested in Pitts?
burgh knows something about the
Wall Street explosion, but most of the
plotters we have trapped in our- day
don't clutter up their rooms with an?
archistic "literature" und propaganda.
They destroy that, before they an?
nihilate the Manifestations of Capi?
ta i ism,
It was not, as Mr. H. E, Krehbiel
says, the lyrical humorist of The
Cleveland Leader who said "Toscha,
Jascha, Mischa, Sascha- where do tid?
dlers get their naines'.1" but a con?
tributor cleric, we think it was-to
Ted Robinson's Cleveland Plain Dealer
coi uni n.
The Diary of Our Own Samuel Pepys
October 2 ?Early up, and to break?
fast, of melon, bluefish, eggs and ham
and coffee, and I had a vast amount,
till C. Be?:k crie?! he would give me
no more. So for a boat ride on Barne
gat Bay. and I,. Fuertes tried to teach
me to play the tin whistle, but I was
unskillful at if, but not so inept as
R. Werrenrath. So for a. swim, very
pleasant, and to luncheon, aiul F.
Bates and I played some tennis, with
very poor rackets and sucli poor balls
and on so poor a court that ? near
beat him. Played many tunes on my
flute-accordion, F. Bates playing the
violoncello, L. Fuertes the sweet po?
tato, and J. McGovern the violin; and
good musick it was, too, as all averred.
To dinner, very merry, far merrier,
methought, than in the old days be?
fore Prohibition came.
3?Lay late, and played at quoits,
not without skill, neither; and R. Wer?
renrath sang for two hours, and I
never heard him sing better, dignify?
ing even some cheap and unworthy
songs, which he singeth, meseems, too
many of. He hath a new one, "I wish
I were where Helen lies," very beau?
tiful. A fine dinner, and so home by
train and found no one home, but my
wife came in later, and glad of seeing
4 Early to the office, where all day
reading letters and the newspapers,
which I have pot seen for two days.
In the evening to see "The Treasure,"
and home and to bed.
. . . hats such as Sir Oliver
Cromwell wore, The Times Book Re?
Knighted by Charles I?
And the name that he murmurs each
night in his sleep
Is Fdna St. Vincent M i Hay.
COR IN XA.
I am a gay caballero,
I come from Rio Janeiro,
Bringing with me
And Edna St. Vincent Millay.
H. W. IT.
The orchard, the meadow, the deep
And every loved Edna St. Vincent
Father, dear father, come home with
And Edna St. Vincent Millay.
The little toy dog is covered with dust
And Edna St. Vincent Millay.
Green be the turf above thee,
Edna St. Vincent Millay!
The world is full of soft hearted
folk, so there doubtless is sympathy
for the mail truck driver whose truck
hurt three children and killed one last
Whoever the gamblers that fixed the
1019 series were, probably they had
an official scorer. A batting average
AB H E PC
6 0 4 1,000
Whom do you suppose the gamblers
are picking for the Serie3?
Last year it was the public.
F. P. A. .
WE SEEM TO HAVE A BUMPER CROP OF EVERYTHING
THIS YEAR EXCEPT DEMOCRATS
CopyiMtft. 1S2IJ. N>w York Trl ? ?
The High Cost of Strikes
I lie High Cost of Strides to Lab
Rm Marshall Old,
( This is the fourth of a sey*ics i f
thirteen articles appearing upo,
pape daily, including Sunday.
Copyright 1320, Now York Tribuns Inc.
The families of over 'J00.000 work?
ers in Detroit had an unexpectedly
gluomy last Christmas because over
"00,000 workers suddenly lost most of
several weeks' wages because of a
strike of other workers hundreds of
The 2.000 mine laborers in the Illinois
coal fields who struck during July forced
15,000 miners to stop work and lose
Probably a million Xew York labor?
ers in scores of fields lost a very con?
siderable part of their wages for
weeks within the past year because of
streetcar strikes in which a majority
of the operatives were forced on a
strike, against their own will.
Over 1.500,000 workers, a large part
of them in New York, had their wages
seriously cut for nearly three month:
recently because 2,000 printers insisted
on striking in breach of their own con?
tract and in defiance of the orders oi
When One Thousand StrffiC
One thousand men on a strike ir
one place almost invariably mean:
many other workers often 10,000
20,000, 100,000 other workers?- vital!;
and directly affected, yet often in sued
utterly different fields ami often si
many hundreds or thousands of mile
away that even the affected worker
themselves have no idea what it wa
that affected them.
Of the 3,232 major strikes of las
year there was probably not one tha
did not throw out of employment o
otherwise reduce the wages of from
times to 700 times as many oilier work
era a3 the strike itself directly ir
volved. Yet it is doubtful if ai o
these other workers ever stopped t
realize that the direcPand only caus
of their loss of wages was the othe
In raising the cost of food and clot!
ing and other necessities, in derangin
manufacturing ar.d transportation an
not only keeping industry from goin
ahead but pulling it back, strikes an
lessened production are raising gei
eral prices to the laboring man ar
hurting him just as much as the re;
of the public.
Pay That h Lost
Rut beyond this in a peculiar w:
strikes hit more closely home and miu
harder at the laboring class itself tha
at any other class in American Iii
For a strike that cuts off or lirai
for a time the production of any coi
modity?coal or iron or cotton cloth i
transportation service?means th
thousands and often tens of thousand
of, other laborers who depend on th
product for their work are through th
shortage of supply not able to work.
The steel strike by raising the p.'i
of steel, not only raised the price
all steel products?knives and sewi
machines and every other steel pro
uct?to the laboring public as well
to the rest of the public, but the sho
age of steel also shut down or par1
shut down hundreds of plants whi
couldn't get steel to keep going. T
stockholders in such plants may ha
lost some of the;r dividends?but tl
is only a part of the stockholders'
come; managers and office h^lp in
have lost some raise
otherwise expected?but th? sala
went on just the same; hv I
boring man such a shut-down, or par?
tial shut-down, due to the
in which he had no direct
voice, meant that he lost all his pi
for all the tini
The first week of t e coal
200,000 workers in Del
idle?90 per cent of a!! factory si rk
ers in Indianapolis dropped to half
time. 250,000 workers in ?
their wages ? n<?rely cut ? ff a
same condition prevailed in almost
every part of the country. If, as wa
claimed, every man. woman and chili
of all classes in the United Sta1
S10 each through this strike,
??ble that the loss in
the laboring families of I
reached $60 each.
At election time last ye&i :
3.000 workers of the American Loco
motive Company's Schenecfeady plan
had been for some time previously ou
of employment. J. B, Bellinghan
an employee of the General I
Company, president of one or th
unions in the clccti
recognized labor leader, who was
ning for office on the Social
made a special arnica; to these A
can Locomotive Company ei
the ground of their unemp -
mandil:;; again and again, with i
cal emphasis, of them, of : ??
?sts and of the whole com try wh
these capable workmen, who wi
ing to work, who jc
ately needed their wages,
Dentine; ff apes
v The answer in I
stance happened to be pari
e:?:;y; ;;:" except ona wag
which another specially p?
of labor had forced from '
plus ' tant st i'ike; of
classes of labor in the raiin ad fie]
had so reduced i">:;! the .<
come ami the use to which the r.?
roads were able to put the eq
they had that they were at tha
absolutely unable to exl
locomotives which would l.- ?
empl?|ayment to these men.
Moreover it is not at all i
that the strike be in some big, ci
spicuously basic indusl co i !
steel to make a tremen lou i d? - t
.?.ages of immense numbers o
side workers whom the striker
selves undoubtedly never consider? d
Take the case of a strike of wh
the public outside of the litt]
area might never hear?a strike am?
the cotton spinners in Lowell. Si
a strike by a comparatively few th?
sand primary producers of cotton ;
mediately involves a vastly grea
number of cotton weavers, cot
bleachers, cotton print men, etc.,
that nearly five times as many work
in the Lowell section alone as actut
struck lose all their wages.
But this includes only the first
the outside effects of such a strike.
New York makers of all kind.-e of w
en's and children'3 undergarme
wrappers, dressers, aprons; in T
makers of collars and shirts; in U
makers of sheets and pillow cases;
Ipswich, Holyoke and Rockford mal
of men's, women's and childr
hosiery?in short, tens of thousand
workers all over the country also
time and wages because of the orig
The Printers' Vac
it can and
. - -
,. ,'h their
? ho d?
t: n to a:
velope beca- I
had no voice or
thousands of I i woi
lost much more ti i
To m ? ? *s !? ? ! * ''
? 'enters o;