Newspaper Page Text
The American hem on
News: Local, State, National
Opposition Is Developing
Xmonz Legionnaires to
proposed Civil Service
ganhattan Naval Post
to Fight Erwin Berg
doll's Attempt To Be
Released From Prison
Ovil sen-ice preferment for war vet
j_ji is a question now occupying !
_aeji of the attention of members of i
_a American Legion in New York ;
cute, and while the department has j
jjjted itself on record as approving :
?a? measure now before the Legisla- I
jj? the indorsement is by no moans
" fbc-re are some Legionnaires who be
tfta the constitutional amendment to '
M passed by the Legislature this term I
u/voted on by the state next fall is j
'ix too sweeping in its provisions and i
iill result disastrously.
The amendment would sweep away ;
_j requirements for veterans in the j
astter of percentages in civil service '
mainations providing they attain a
?using mark of TO or more, and would
Srethem higher standing than a non- c
SmaBi even though his percentage be
anch higher. ?
This is much too drastic, the oppo- ?
-?is o? tne measure believe, because
3 fails to provide men of the highest
.Jaeiency for government positions. !
Ibef ?ieclare that it would be wiser to
tndit the veteran with 5 or 10 points
a the examination. ?
However, the Legion'a aiembers^ave
?sdt*d themselves to atand together .
4 questions of this sort, and if the j
i?te body determines to continue the
?unpaign for the passage and adoption
?if the amendment the organization '
jiohably wili be found campaigning for !
?i All the posts in the state are com- j
urieating now with their representa
?j?/? in the Legislature to determine ,
i?jw they stand on the issue.
Advise Membership Committee
The Manhattan Naval Post, which ;
_ taken an active part In the affairs
cf the Legion, has made a recommen- .
??non to the state membership com?
mittee, which it believes snould be i
This post has determined, according '
so Hsrold M. Schwab, its past com?
mander, that the chief ?reason given by
ex-service men who h^e not joined |
th* Legion for staying out of its ranks j
;i that the Legion is opposed to or- j
pmijed labor. This bugaboo grew out !
af the fact that the Legion, in isolated
i?itances, had acted hastily in the
isrlicr days of its existence and op
?Mted certain strikes. That conflict
?us not approved by the national or
ju?jation, and since then Samuel
Gompers, president of the American
Federation of Labor, has officially de?
clared the Legion a splendid organiza
jen for union workers to join.
The Manhattan Naval Post found that
tsenty-three out of thirty-seven vet
?*ins approached gave this as their
?esson for not enrolling in the Legion,
?ad the post believes that the mem
:ership committee should distribute
pampMets to workmen at their places
of, toil outlining the Legion's attitude
toward organized labor.
The Manhattan Naval Post also ha?
taken another step which should meet
the approval of their comrades. On j
February 15 Erwin Bergdoll, slacker and j
draft dodger, who recently was sen?
tenced to five years in Leavenworth i
Penitentiary, will go into the United j
States Court in Kansas and begin his I
?ght to be released. A resolution has j
been passed by the post calling on Na- j
Oonal Commander Galbraith to oppose j
the release of Bergdoll and urging the i
Xaneas state commander to have a rep?
resentative in court when the proceed
This resolution will be presented to
the New York County Committee when
it meets Wednesday night.
Honors for American Dead
The grave of every American soldier
"?os rests in European soil will be dec?
orated on Memorial Day, according to
Francis E. Drake, commander of the
American Legion in France, who re?
sent?? sailed for that country.
Owing to the internationalization of
tie American Memorial Day as a trib?
ute to the fallen of the A. E. F. by the
_*??% formed International Council
__ Veterans' Associations, which em
___? men of all Allied nations, the
"Wtawnies will be much more exten
jd""? than those of last year, when the
?gii? alone attempted to honor the
Pwet of American fallen on foreign
President Millerand and Marshal
i?*'?"." represent France, and other
?Hea nations also will cooperate.
New York Auxiliaries Gain
The following table show ng how
*? York stands in the matter of
?***iiaries, compared to other states,
"juieompiled by Miss P.ay C. Sawyer,
jMsrnian of the department committee
'' t arge of organizing this most im?
^^Khii*?!*.!?.. 135. r?*pr??s*ntinjr 2?3 pouts
;._*_M*. lit r^prstrentlnic 474 post?
_?**. 1!??, r??pr.i???ntlnfr ?"'??"? p<j?4t?
jr___**. '"*'. r??pr???i?ruin?? '?:*& po.Mt*
J_5V;:. i">. rryrea'-ntifiij 301 pomb
J*l___***-.? ?S. r?-pr?-a?rntiri? 215 post.
?~*.??? <"?*, r-?preaentinf? 218 pouta
Mis* Sawyer is confident that 400
_*? ?ax.haries will be formed before
___!_?*- ?t wh.ch time she plans to
??_??en<l that a state caucus of auxil
**"?? ?legates be held.
J_** Legion is establishing employ
*"?** agencies and aiding ex-service
-"goring the present low tide of in
r_*__ A nat onal survey of uncm
;_<"*?,t ?? oeing made by The Ameri
^???glon W'tekly, and all noxts have
2 *n?->araged to estaolish eraploy
,*?* th?n 200 answer? to the m?s
?*. i,"'""-1-' ^^iion to the shua
2_ *_*:?? ??"fiind? the renabillU
-? ?w a?_b ->d n-eterana, presenv-d to
D?m,*-?W*Bt? President-elect and Con
___'_?: r'B*isen*>e;4?CT, an?" ton- ?
*__?? R?v? b**n received at -?ationai :
__^nerf* Ir. ???most ?sv? ry in
?g_* the Senator? and Re?, re se n ta -
*r_*F'i? that they ?oalj ?uDport
l?afiR!.'** 1>T'W"< for/rviurm of the
mn\t,Jr,*nt*> P?H of th? Lc/itm
" ^tii'm Convention in Paris.
,^***ota Legion pont, wiH nsrist
$g**l wen of their itat* *o obtain
??????t*? filad A*Hy in W-xf'.Ar.y/'jU.
'4 lA?/r**1* WE-****^f'** men in rtr.rrd
W shL'IK "1 **r m?morial shot d
**?&?** the United 8t*t?e? Kr?
???"?"IJ Remroe? WalmaUy. chair
^sMtaTJSi n*tio'-'?l "?emorial? ?v,r<i
*?*aa*A l" lfP"r>' Th,7 ??????I-*- b?
?1U ,"fr*nll C'Jfi/.lngham
*?? ?i?lv?4? fitat*? Gftaeral
Hospital No. 1, this city, is *-.skea to
communicate with Thomas' M. Moore.
o: o Rhodes Avenue, Lynn, Mass.
Murray Hill Post will meet to-mor?
row night at its new headquarters,/St.
Arties School llaii, l"i?3 East Forty
All ex-enlisted men of the 302d Field
Signal Battalion an- asked to attend the
dinner to be given b\ that outtit to?
morrow night at division headquarters,
2.1 West Tw nty-fif h Street. Com?
municate with Lieutenant Cotter.
Forty-ninth Infantry Post will meet
to-morrow evening at Pepper's Casino,
201 East Sixty-seventh Street.
Official War Department motion pic?
tures of the 306th Infantry in action in
Prance will be shown at a meeting of
JU6ih infantry Post in the Hotel Penn?
sylvania March 2.
The annual winter dance of Lieuten?
ant Laurence C. Lovell Post will be
given at the Hotel Boisert, Brooklyn,
on February 18. Tickets may be ob- j
tained from Charles 11. Arents, 369
Washington Avenue, Brooklyn.
New officers of Michael Spitelnik Post
are: Commander, Charier, Leibowitz;
vice-commanders, Dr. Pi zar Jacobs, j
Ralph Philiips and A. Miller^ treasurer, '
I. Sheriff; adjutant, Ray 'Spitelnik.
Members of the post have' contributed j
$250 for the erection of a memorial i
tabiet in the Borough Park Y. M. H. A.
The Warren C. Condit Post will hold
a dance Saturday night at its club-j
house, 133 Crystal Street, Brooklyn.
John M. Hennessey Post meets to
night at Ladle's Hall, Metropolis
Theater Building, 142d Street and i
Army and Navy Musicians' Post has
organized a band and symphony or?
chestra and is prepared to provide
music for functions conducted by Le
gicnaires. Communicate with Com?
mander .William A. Roche, 203 East !
Members of Arthur Egbert Post will ?
entertain at a social to-night at Dovre i
Mountain Hall, Port Richmond, S. ?.
LEGION AUXILIARY NOTES
The following officers have been
elected by the auxiliary of George
Dahlbender Post: President. Miss I
Alice E. Grossman; vice-president,!
Miss Rose Grossman: treasurer, Mrs. j
Philip K. Levy; secretary. Miss A. !
Wolffe. The auxiliary will meet to?
night at the home of Mrs. W. H. Kin
naird, 1302 Franklin Avenue.
Waiter Heckman Post's auxiliary
will meet to-ni-;ht at the Valcour Club.
Tremont and Bathgate avenues, when
the arrangements for a dance to be
given soon will be completed.
AH the auxiliaries of Bronx County
are taking an active part in the rais?
ing of funds to ?jay for the memorial
placques, which are to be placed on
trees along the Grand Concourse. The
Legion proposes to erect this memorial
without outside help.
Peace in Opera
Can See no Reason for the |
Jealously Between Chicago \
and Metropolitan Houses: i
Appears To-morrow Night j
Wants to Hear "Louise"
Chorus Girl "Dies" for Di?
rector in Chicago so She
Can Beat Company to N. Y. j
Mary Garden, director of the Chicago
Grand Opera Company, got to New !
York at 5:30 o'cK.ck yesterday after- !
noon, several hours ahead of the spe- ;
cial trains carrying the rest of her !
company, although she had to leave a
chorus girl "dead" on the stage in Chi- ?
cago to do it. She wanted to get here i
early, she said, and rest up in prepara- j
tion for her opening at the Manhattan ,
Opera House to-morrow, and the ;
chorus girl was glad to die for hex.
The trouble was that in order to
reach New York at 5:30 o'clock the di?
rector-star had to leave Chicago im?
mediately after the second act of the
opera in which she was singing there
Saturday night. Luckily she was to be
killed in the second act and although
her corpse was to be kept over t? a-j n
the stage in the third act, it occurred
to her that a chorus girl could play a
corpse just as well as she could. So
when the curtain rose on the third ace,
the erstwhile .corpse was on her way
to New York and a substitute corps'*
entertained the audience.
Ready for Peace
At the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, where she
i^ staying in this city, Miss Garden
said last night she had come in the
hope of making friends with her rivals
at the Metropolitan Opera House. .She
saw no reason, she said, for the jeal?
ousy which had shown itself at times
between members of the two companies.
For her part, she said, she would like
to meet Mr. Gatti Cassazza, and she
would like to see Toscanini conductor
of her own company. Most of all, she
said, she would like to hear "Louise"
sung at the Metropolitan this week, and
she was going to do it if she courd
manage it, for it was her favorite
Awaits American Opera
Her own company, she said, would
sing no Wagnerian operas during the
New York engagement nor at any timr
until they could be sung in German.
Opera should be sung in the language
in which it was written, she said, ami
in no other. She would like to produce
-t least one American opera in Eng?
lish every year, she said and would do
it too "as soon as the American comes
along who can write it."
One reason that she made so good
an opera directorf she .thought was
that, she was sensitive to this and other
artistic points and was able to compre?
hend the difficulties and sympathize
with the whimsies of her artists. For
her business manager, she announced,
she had obtained Mr. Spangler, for?
merly of the Chicago Commerce Ass -
She said that she was in favor of pro?
hibition and was writing an article on
the subject in her spare moments.
Fittb Avenu? and ?44th Storni
Two Years Late!
Reviewing and forecasting the situation at a recent
banquet, one of our financiers remarked: "The situ?
ation today demands above all things wise and cou?
rageous leadership, and behind it the intelligent co?
operation of constructive forces." Quite so. Tbfl?
echoes the Harriman National Bank's inquiry for a
leader, December 24 last. But the Armistice is more
than two years old. It was known then in intelligent
quarters that these things were necessary to the
preservation of our foreign trade. The reason for
this long delay of action is explained by the chair?
man of a certain committee of the Chamber of Com?
merce in a letter to the Harriman National Bank:
"Unfortunately the spirit of optimism warped the
judgment of most of our bankers and merchants to
such an extent that they did not realize lurking dan?
gers. The penalty for our inaction will probably be
the loss to this country of the financial and commer?
cial leadership of the world." Perhaps a thousand
years from now, when we may possibly again have
the opportunity, we may be fortunate enough to ob?
tain the "wise and courageous leadership" which we
are told the situation today demands. What a far
sighted lot we are and how Providence takes care of
us! However, perhaps Providence is the "wise and
courageous leadership" referred to. Two years late
gating into the war; two years late making peace;
and two years preparing for something we absolutely
knew would happen. Well,?let us proceed!
1ANKIHG Hf URS FRfM * ?'CLOCK A. M. T? f O'CLOCK P M
SAFt B?P?5IT VAULTS OPEN FROM S L VL T? MJDNIGHT
Those who live away from home seeking select desirable
quarters in which to reside?such as a neatly furnished room with
a private family or at a rooming house with or without meals,
should consult The Tribune's Furnished Rooms and Boarders
Wanted classification, which appears daily in The Tribune's
Want Ad columns?a select list of announcements.
If what you want is not advertised, insert an advertisement
under the beading of "Rooms Wanted" or "Board Wanted."
Many have been successful in securing desirable quarters that
Advert?? ements can be left at any of The Tribune's
authorized Want Ad agents?conveniently located in all parts of
Greater New York?or at The Tribune's Office, 154 Nassau
St., or phoned to the Want Ad Department, Beekman 3000.
"Samson et Dalila" Sung
As Metropolitan Concert
Opera, Divested of Elaborate
Settings. Is Presented by
a Notable Cast
"Snmson et Dali1:-'" ?vas sung in con?
cert form last evening at the Metro?
politan Opera House in place of the
usua] miscellaneous Sunday night pro?
gram. It enlisted the entre orchestra
<*.n'! ch'orus of the institution, with a
cast headed by Mme. Matzenauer, re?
placing Miss Jeanne Gordon, who was
prevented by a cold from participat
Mr. Sembach was in the part of Sam
?on, Mr. Amato, the High Priest; Mr.
R . er, the O'd Hebrew, a?.-' others
in r?les familiar to them. The cast
was under the authoritative leadership
of Conductor Alber' Wolff.
The opera has been given in this
manner here before, but not in many
years has it had \ hearing at the
Metropolitan divested of the elaborate
settings which usually accompany its
presentation there. It is a score which
can dispense with sta^e trappings, and
action better than most others besaus?'
of the predominance in it of sustained
song, and was heard last ?night by s
large audience with every evidence oi
Josef Lhevinne Is Soloist
At Concert of Philharmonu
Josef Lhevinne was the soloist at th<
concert given by the Philharmonic So
ciety yesterday afternoon at Carnegii
Hall. He gave a clean cut, wholly ad
mirable performance of Liszt's con
certo for pianoforte and orchestra, No
1 in E flat major.
The other numbers on the prograr.
were equally familia'r, Schumann's firs
symphony in B flat major, op. 28, re
peated from last Friday's concert b
the same organization, Smetana's sym
phonic poem "Vltava" and Ippolito*,
Ivanov's fascinating "Caucasia
Sketches." The orchestra was at il
best and Mr. Stransky conducted wit
more plasticity and eloquence tha
Tetrazzini at Hippodrome
Mme. Luisa Tetrazzini made ht
second appearance of the season at tl
Hippodrome last evening. She was a
sisled by Francesco Longo, pianist
Max Gegna. 'cellist, and J. Henri Bov
flautist. Mme. Tetrazzini's numbci
included arias from "Mignon," "D
norah" and "La Sonnambula." She wj
in good voice and displayed her usu
graciousrips0 in ti*** i-'-'to- ,." "'-r-s
Kisses and Tears
Of Girl Wipe Out
1 Immigrant Proudly Buys
'Kerchief Adorned With
Emblem, Uses It in Emer?
gency and Is Cautioned
Chia Bershadskla, a Hebrew girl,
\ twenty-two years old, thought she was
| doing a proper thing when she bought
[ from the barber of the Anchor liner
Saturnia a small handkerchief deco?
rated in its four corners with Ameri?
On the way from Kishinev to Cher?
bourg she talked about America and
her father Isaiah, who lived there, and
how happy sue was over the prospect
j of coming here to live.
Somewhere out in rnid-Atlantic one
| of her companions told her of the
curio shop of the ship's barber and
she ventured there to buy something.
She Eaw many things that caught her
fancy, but limited her purchase to the
souvenir handkerchief with flag em
broidery. The barber sold the hand?
kerchief without instructions as to its
limited use, and this oversight caused
the girl much embarrassment yester?
day when she came ashore from the
A cold in the heed augmented by
tears of joy on meeting her father:
caused Chia to draw the emblematic1
purchase from her pocket and use it!
as one would use a real handkerchief, I
but her act aroused tne ire of tt cus-;
toms inspector, who was examining h?r
baggage! Through an interpreter he
informed Chia that such use of the i
American flag was offensive to Ameri-j
cans and was a violation of law.
Isaiah, the father, who caught the j
drift of the inspector's protest, also
admonished Chia, and just to show?
that the Ber?hadskia family meant;
well kissed the flag a dozen times. I
Then Chia kissed it and poured more j
tears into it, until presently the iden-'
tity of the American flag was entirely!
lost by the intermingling of red stripes
and blue field over a moist fabric of!
The Saturnia, which earned only
steerage passengers, hnif among her ?
travelers, Mrs. Suradina Malzman, I
forty-five years old, who came from
the Ukraine with five children, four
of whom were of school age.
The woman was met at the pier by
her daughter Rose, a pharmacist of ;
this city, whom she had not seen :n ?
eight years. The hardships of war ;
and privation had so changed the |
mother that the daughter did not rec- '
cgnize her. The family was ordered !
to Ellis Island, but will probably be
permitted to land when relatives in
this city give bond that the children
will be educated and that none will i
become a public charge.
Berlin Receives Tokio Envoy
BERLIN, Jan. 23.?Eki Hicki, the new
Tapanese Ambassador to Germany, yes?
terday presented his credentials to
The Fragrance of
Anticipates Its Exquisite Flavor
PURE TO A LEAF AND FRESH
FROM THE GARDENS
Steel Ingot being taken from reheating
furnace tmfaraivry to rolling Inta rails
Rails and Research
THE New York Central Lines have placed orders for
184,275 tons of heavy open-hearth rails, enough to lay
a new single track from St. Louis to New York.
In the New York Central research laboratories, out of
the experience of never-ending road tests, has been de?
veloped the highest type of rail used in this country.
This search for absolute dependability in rails, to carry
the weight of more and more powerful locomotives and
heavier trains, insures the safety and comfort of the mil?
lions of passengers who ride each year on the New York
The rail ingots are made on precise physical and chemi?
cal specifications. From the time the ore enters the fur?
naces until the rails emerge from the great rollers, every
step in the process is in conformity to the most rigid
scientific requirements and under the eyes of New York
Central rail experts.
When-Fabricated, the rails are subjected at the steel
mills to exacting tests in machines of scientific precision.
These tests are for the purpose of making certain that the
finished rails are as nearly flawless as it is humanly pos?
sible to make them and will withstand the strains of the
The 1921 rail order is an important part of the program
of after-war rehabilitation undertaken by these Lines in
order that they may efficiently perform a maximum share
of the work of national transportation.
THE NEW YORK CENTRAL LINES
?OSTON & ALBANY - MICHIGAN CENTRAL -BIG FOUR - LAKE ERIE & WESTERN
KANAWHA ^MICHIGAN -TOLEDO frOHIC^CENTRAL--PITTSBURGH ?lAKE EKIB
NEW YORK CENTRAL- AND - SUBSIDIARY LINES
ADVERTISEMENT | ADVERTISEMENT
The National Thrift
This Is Second Week of a 52 Week
In my letter published last Friday I closed b>
"If you want to know why we must depend upon
creating a new class of investors, and if you want to
help in creating better business conditions, you can
read a letter that I will publish in the papers on
However, I have been asked by those interested
in the Thrift Movement to devote this letter to
further Organization Work?and I am glad to
While at present I am writing these letters over
my own signature, this is not because there are not
plenty of people other than myself interested in
this movement, but because there are in addition
to several organized movements a great many other
groups in the process of organization.
Their plans have not progressed far enough to
choose either their spokesman or to -formulate defi?
nitely their plans, nor even to determine whether
they had best work independently, or amalgamate
their efforts. Some of these groups are national
in character, with members scattered from coast
to coast, and therefore will be unable to complete
their plans until the date of their annual conven?
I have therefore been asked to act as spokesman
for the present and endeavor not only to sustain
but to stimulate public interest.
I have been particularly requested to say what
I have said before?that there is no problem that
this country faces which would not be sofved, or *
greatly simplified, by making Thrift and Invest?
ment a general practice in America. Lack of space
does not permit me to go into details, but I have
been requested to ask everyone now interested in
any organized form of improvement work, whether
it may have morality, charity, Americanization or
something else as its object, if they have carefully
considered the part which Thrift and Investment
will contribute to their objective, and, if desirous
of adopting, or even of investigating the matter,
to write me and I will see that the letter ?nds its
way to the proper group.
The publishers of the Business Papers are one
of the groups now in the process of organization.
As you probably know, every separate line of busi?
ness has one or more publications devoted exclusive?
ly to its particular line. Each employer, be he big or
little, looks to his particular business paper for
guidance. These publishers believe that they can
contribute greatly to this work by getting each
employer, in turn, to organize his employees to
save and to invest their money.
On Friday, January 21st, a group of these men
met and arranged to call a special meeting for this
present week to organize, and sent the following
telegram to the national headquarters of both the
Young Men's Christian Association and the Knights
of Columbus so the work would be maintained until
they could get into action :
"We strongly urge that the splendid work of the
Thrift Campaign be continued by the maintenance
of tlie committees now organized and tliat they
make immediate effort to get employers to start
thrift and investment campaigns among their
men. We endorse and will support editorially the
thrift and investment idea and will recommend
similar action by other business publications'*
'Atlantic Coast Merchant,
Boot and Shoe Recorder,
Chemical akd Metallurgical Engineering,
Distribution and Warehousing,
Dry Goods Economist,
Dry Goods Reporter,
El Autom?vil Americano,
Electric Railway Journal,
Engineering and Mining Journal,
Engineering News Record,
The Gas Age,
Journal of Electricity,
OH Trade Journal,
Pacific Coast Merchant,
Tire Rate Book.
I am not only willing to assist any other groups
that may become interested in this work but will bo
extremely glad to do so.
HENRY L. DOHERTY,