Newspaper Page Text
Maaatnir of tfct Aodit Bureau at Clrcoiatttma.
MONDAY, 'JANUARY 81, 1921
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SOtMBKR Or THE ASSOCIATED PREftS
tha Aaaociatcd Preaa U sadu?l?ely tntitlad t?
fee oh tnr rcpubllcation of al! iwss <liapatcin?
csredltai to It or uot othcmia* crwJHod in (fcia
Mpar. ' and also the local oewa ?c* apontamoua
?M(ln publbhed heretn.
All *Jfh?? of repubitcatlon of all at*** aadttar
hartin also are reccnred.
The most important result of the
Paris conference, apart from the
fixation of the German reparations
total, was the restoration of Allied
concord. Renewal of the concert
between Great Britain and France
-T-if it lasts?is perhaps even more
important than the agreement on
what Germany ?ught to pay. Ger?
many intends to pay as little as pos
sible. The Germans are groaning
and shrieking St the size of the bill
which is to be presented at Brussels
to their economic experts. Ger
many's consent is neceseary to the
*evision of the treaty terms which
the Allied reparations draft in
volves. She may withhold it. But
in that case the Allied powers will
fall back on the treaty provisions
themselves, which are potentially
Allied concert is indispensable to
any real execution of the treaty. It
is thetefore of vast importance that
circuihstances have again brought
the Allies to a clear realization of
that fact. The Council before ad
journmg adopted a resolution de
claring that close union is as necos
aary how as it was during the war
and pledging its members to allow
nothing. to impair it. Without such
union they cannot enforce the
weaiy or get Germany to accept the
Pari3 reparation scheme in lieu of
the treaty reparation scheme. If
they don't hold together it will be
difficult to bring enough economic
and military- pressure on Germany
to make her keep her promises.
The Paris agreement went further
than any previc ts Allied engage
ment for enforcing the treaty. It
provides for .additional occupations
of territory and admits the right of
France to levy direct taxation in
1,he Rhine Province if Berlin
defaults on payments due. It
represents a striking change of
view on the part of the British
government. Lloyd George at
Paris seemed , to be more in
Huenced by broad politieal consid
erations than he had been at Hythe,
Boulogne, San Remo or Spa. He
has broken away from the Keynes
doctrines. He now apparently
places more value on 'continued co
operation with France than on the
immediate economic advantages
which might result from an inde
pendent exploitation of British
trade with Germany or Russia.
The great gain of the Paris meet?
ing is that it brings the Allies back
to a salutary realization that Ger?
many may be able to beat them
pieceineal on the treaty, as she
would have beaten them piecemeal
on the battlefield. They made peace
with Germany, But against her
sullen resistance and infinlte bad
faith no one of them can adequate
ly enforce it standing alone. It was
a gross error to assume that the
war was over in all senses when
. Germany sigried the Versailles con
vention. The war will not be over
until the vanquished sincerely ac?
cept the peace and quit haggling
over the price they have to pay
Germany would repudiate *><-??
debt and flght again if she though.
the?e was any profit in doing so.
She will try to repudiate her debt
without flghting. Allied concert
and Allied military preparedness
are therefore the only practicable
guaranties of peace in Europe or of
the permanence. of the Versailles
Th? Sheppard-Towner Bill
The appj-ovjrt of the Sheppard
Towaer maternity bill by the House
Committee on Interstate and Foreign
Commerce clears the way for tne
passage of this constructive meas
ure. The bill has the indorsement
of every important religious denom
ihation in the United States and oi
womsn's organizfttions generally. Ib
tHfc words of the committee report,
"This legislation is emergenc^irj
eharaeter and is intended to stimu
late #nd aid the states to provide
raeans for saving the lives of thou?
sands of mothers and infants who
are annuajjydying for want of care
and attention. . . . It was shown
in hearings before the committee
thalf in a single year 23,000 mothers
dietf in maternity cases and that
ne*#ljr 260,000 infants less than a
y?ar old died and that most of these
deaths could have been' prevented."
The importance of this bill lies in
the fact that it will make it possi?
ble to carry tojsmall places. and rural
communities the aid and instruction
requtred to make motherhood safe.
Large cities are already doing work
?f this kind, And jt'he results have
proved that deaths in maternity
cases raay be reduced one-half to
two-Ahirds. In New York City the
director of child hygiene says that
the infant mortality rate has been
reduced almost qne-half for the
whole city, although the work so far
covera only part of the city.
The bill haa already passed the
Senate, and the favorable action of
the House committee indicatea th?t
the House will soon take similar
The Long Island Decwion
The five justices sitting in the
Appellate Division of the Supreme
Court, Second Department, made
short work of the injunction recently
granted by Justice Benedict, restrain
ing the Long Island Railroad from in
creasing passenger fares. The Fed
eral Interstate Commerce Commis?
sion had authorized the railroads to
increase their freight and passenger
rates in compliance with a direction
given it in the Esch-Cummins law.
The New York Public Service com?
missions approved the freight rate
increases, but tried to hold up the
passenger rate increases. On appeal
the Federal commission sustained
the roads, and the question was then
carried into the state courts.
Justice Hasbrouck decided some
weeks ago that the Interstate Com?
merce Commission was within its
rights 'in ordering increases in the
case of roads doing an interstate
business and also in the case of
roads operating within the state
whose traffic was affected by inter?
state conditions. Justice Benedict
subsequently made permanent a tem
porary injunction against the Long
Island Railroad on the ground that
its business was intrastate and on
the further ground that the Federal
commission was not empowered to
override the state commissions.
This opinion set up baldly the old
theory that there must be two inde
pendent a*nd separate rate making
agencies in each state, Which would
mean that in the country at large
Federal regulation of rates must' be
offset and practically obstructed by
the existence of forty-eight separate
state regulative bodies, with concur
rent and potentially hostile powers.
The Appellate Division handed
down no opinion when overruling
Justice Benedict, but, in effect, it
rejected the broad state right view.
Congress has been working for years
past on the theory that transporta
tion has become a national problem
and that railroad regulation should
be nation-wide and uniform. The
United States Supreme Court has
supported this contention in a series
of decisions. Even intrastate trans
portation is now so intimately re
lated through rates, wages and gov?
ernment guaranties of return on in
vestment in a more than half nation
alized industry that the old distinc
tions between interstate and intra?
state operation are very hard to
The courts generally are ready
to recognize that fact, and the strug
gle to enforce a differentiation is be?
ing carried on chiefly to the state
commissions themselves, which would
practically pass out of existence un?
der the new order. But the whole
trend of railroad policy is against
them and toward vesting complete
control in the Federal government,
which alone can act effectively, if
the transportation problem is to be
dealt with, not piecemeal, but as a
The Battle of the Skirts
There is nothing like satire as a
weapon with which to prick solemn
nonsense. The girls of Vassar de
serve a loud cheer for their effective
reply to the gloomy alumna who por
trayed the undergraduates as skid
ding to perdition.
Pleasing the conservators of
morals is always a difficult job for a
younger generatbn. No matter
what they do, it is bound to be
wrong. The very folk who conduct
a campaign of reform in their youth
will in their old age about face and
condemn the very thing which they
Take the two crucial articleti of
dress in the debate ai, Vassar, skirts
and corsets. A generation ago doc
tors and every one of a sensible turn
of mind wer,e declaiming against the
long skirt that swept the ground as
a germ dissemipator. The "Rainy
Daisies" endured ridicule in what
was concededly a sound cause. Yet
now that sense has finally and com
pletely triumphed, eyes are rolled in
JI horror at the appareintly unforeseen
j: or unknown fact that hlgher skirts
, meant more leg visibility.
? The campaign against tight lacing
( has been waged for years by doctors,
artists, every one. Even the con
t ventional and old-fashioned Mr. Bok
, jcampaigned in The Ladies' Home
, j Journal against the iniquity of
cramping a waist Here? again, the
reform-jrs apparently never realizei
the goal they were laboring toward,
and now that corsets haye not only
been loosened but abandoned, the
outcry of protest ia a resounding din.
Dehutaates are damned for doing
exactly what evarjr oxpert has been
arging women to do for a ge?era?;
tion, ",?;.???.-?: ,,/; ???.
If ;th? critics would restrict theit*
attacks to foolish excesses they
might get somewhere?but also they
would have to concede that they in
their prime decked themselves out
with at least an eqaal amount of
absurdity. Witnesa Exhibit A on
the Vassar campus. Bair tioxing
in ears is, of course, a foolish spec
tacle, but not one whit more ridicu
lous than the huge pompadour, con
structed upon a massive rat, a sc'ore
of years ago. As for a gcrm as
sembling skirt draped over a bustle,
there is nothing in current fashions
to compare with it in point of ab
surdity or viciousness.
The only reaily important ques?
tion is whether on the whole tho
dress of to-day is more sensible,
more hygienic, more beautiful. That
it is all three of these things seems
hardly open to debate.
Governor Miller's declaration for
industrial equality for women is not
to be construed as dvsapproval of
bJI welfare legislation. He em
phatically states that he is not op
posed to efforts to better conditions
but feels that some legislation does
not achieve that result so much as
it limits women's opportunities. He
referred specifically to the statute:
prohibiting night work by women,'
which he believes has been more in-;
jurious than beneficial.
"If women are to be given equal
politieal opportunities with men,"
be says, "they should not be dended,
crn some false grounds, industrial
equality with men." This is in ac
cord with the opinion which demands
for women unrestricted opportuni?
ties in labor and business. There is
no good reason why women should
be cut off from night work which is
not dangerous to health and morals.
The present New York law is im
perfect in that it is boo general.
The experience of European coun
tries during the war proved that
women could enter most branches of
industry and do work done forrnerly
by men. There are in normal times,
of .course, occupations ;n which Bome
safeguards should be thrown about
women workers?those involving un
usual hazards or severe bodily strain.
But restrictive laws should deal with
these exceptional cases, rather than
aim at enf orcing a general rule, with
partial and arbitrary exceptions,
which may obstruct industrial free
dom and needlessly limit a woman's
opportunity to earn a living.
A Market for Medievalism
Last Friday afternoon there was
staged in the salesroom of the Amer?
ican Art Association an episode
against which a white sione is to be
placed in the history of taste irT the
United States. That part of the col
lection formed by the late Henry C.
Lawrence was dispersed which w..s
devoted to antique staiiied glass.
Nothing like it had ever before come
to public sale in this country. There
w*?re no precedents to guide bidders,
and while some of them, like Sir
Joseph Duveen, doubtless had had
F'-ropean experience in the ietter
oi ij.ices, the occasion was one on
which inexperience nevertheless had
a good deal to do with the establish
ment of a market here for medieval
glass, a market fixing a standard
probably always to be maintained.
The result was as sensational as it
was gratifying. Bidders groping, as
it were, in the dark showed extraor
dinary courage, and an early Eng?
lish panel less than three feet square
sold for $70,000.
This record will be explained in
various ways. It will be said, rather
vaguely, that there is a lot of money
lyihg around in America waiting to
be spent on works of art. It will be
said that the American collector,
when he wants a thing, will pay any
price for it. It will be said that the
Duveens, with vast capital behind
them and a clientele made up of
Msecenases, set an infectious ex
ample. Then among those .present
was Mr. Raymond Pitcairn, from
Philadelphia, with a long purse and
a memorial purpbse up his sleeve.
Yet none of these explanations reaily
explain. There is no complacence in
another assumption, that tho extraor
dinary sums given for the Lawrence
glass are to be taken as indicative of
a definite advance in American cul
ture. All the signs point to this
conclusion. It is not wealth alone
that is making this country the scene
of the great art sales of our time.
The movement has been going on
for years. Collectors like Morgan,
Altman, Johnson and Frick drew
from Europe quantities of the no
blest of its pictorial and plastic
treasures. Successors to them are
appearing even now in private life,
and in public the prodigious growth
of the Metropolitan and other muse
ums shows how the masterpiece has
come to be demanded in the United
States as a matter of course. Within
the last few days we have witnessed
the phenomenal sale at auction of a
notable French collection of Japan
ese prints, and a body of the works
of Degas, likewise brought from
Paris. Events of which we would
have once heard by cable as occur
ring at Christie's or the Hotel Drouot
now occur in New York. The story
is almost trite, but the prices paid
for the Lawrence glass, $4,000, $10,
000, $23,000, $70,000, give ? new
tuxn to a famiHar matter.
Medievalism is a cult by itself.
Ameriean masters of lt, like the late
;Henry Adams, aro very rarts. ? Ap*
preciation of it as it is embodied In
tliirteenth century French glass ls
signlficant of one thing only?of a
genuine and rather recondite devel
opment in sesthetic cultivation. A
simulated or faddiah enthusiasm can
not flourish in the vaulted aisles of
a Fre,nch cathedral. The secrets of
that Bublime environment are re
vealed only to tha true lover of
beauty. Hence we rejoiee in this
remarkable triumph of medievalism
in the market place. It points more
eloquently than any of the "records"
hitherto made to the rising influence
among us of authentic connoisseur
ship, Let the reader reflect for a
moment on those sales, held within
the last twenty or thirty yeara, in
which a painting by Meissoder or
Jules Breton registered the Ameri?
ean collector's most ambitious
flights. Is there not a great gulf
fixed between that era and the one
in which justice ia done to the glass
of the Middle Ages?
Blue Sky Laws
Is Protection for Public To Be Had
? Through Them >
To the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Siri I am in hcarty sympathy with,
the enactment of any bill in the Legis
lature which would in reality protect
the savings of people from financial
losses, resulting in impairment of
capital, if not utter destitution. The
important question in my mind is
whether or not such protection can
really be afforded through legislation^
and, if so, would the' enactment of the
Betts bill accomplish the deaired resuit.
There has been a great deal of dis
cussion recently resulting from the ex
tensive publicity given the bill in?
trodueed at Albany by Assemblyman
Charles H. Betts, being commonly rec?
ognized as a "blue sky" bill, designed
to regulate the sale or distribution
of securities within the state.
When one considers seriously the
millions of dollara (often representing
the family savings covering years
of accumulation) irretrievably lost
through the purchase of worthless
securities by ignorant investors, it
would seem only natural that New
York would fall in line once more with
many of the other states which have
already aken the initiative in endeav
oring to obviate, if possible, the pa
thetic financial tragedies which are
being enacted hourly. The sufferers
are those who foolishly or Ignorantly
act upon the advice freely offered by
unscrupulous and dishonest promot
era and by tbe engineers of fraudulent
Doubtless many readers who are un
familiar with financial matters would
construe upon reading this bill that
if enacted only securities of proven
worth or merit could be sold in this
state, and that all securities having
been whitewashed or "hallmarked" in
Albany, so to speak, could be pur?
chased indiscriminately with the as
surance of safety of prlncipal and in
come. The ignorant would infer that
all stocks are good, safe investments.
The resuit would be that those stocks
offering the highest yield or return
would naturally meet with the. greatest
In my opinion this would have seri?
ous results; to my way of thinkipg,
edhication, rather than legislation,
would, in t.' end, afford the greatest
protection. Educatlon Aicourages dis
criminai ;4, while legislation of this
nature losters ignorance. Through
misrepresentation, sham and cunning
the unscrupulous promoter could ob?
tain a license and also the necessary
authority. When once so protected by
offleial recognition from Albany he
would continue to exploit his worthless
I firmly believe that, if banks, schools
and the press could educate (as some
are now doing) their depositors, stu
dents and readers, respectively,' in fun
damental investment matters more
positive benefit would resuit than by
the enactment of the Betts bill.
I should like to hear from some of
the readers of your paper, whether or
not the eonsensus of opinion would
lean toward education rather than
legislation as the most practical means
of protecting as much as possible the
unsuspecting masses from the desigrts
pf the far too numerous financial
crooks. G. PEABODY.
New York, Jan. 28, 1921.
Repeal the Sullivan Law
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: To the evi| effects of the Sulli?
van act are due a large percentage of
the revolting crimes so prevalent and
increasing at this time. Any one who
will coirimit robbery or murder is not
deterred from carrying weapons by any
legislative act, while the Sullivan law
prevents the law-abiding from having
the protection which the possesslon of a
weapr 1 would afford. Therefore,. this
la'- is a direct aid to the* criminal
cl^ss and a menace to our citizens.
The bandit and highwayman vrill
know that while commlttlng tjhese
helnous crimes the danger of meeting
with armed resistance is very remota.
Many of our citizens refrain from mak?
ing application for a permit to posseas
firearms from a sense of injustiee of
the law requiring the payment of a
fee to obtain a license to protect the
lives of their familles'and property.
E. W. LANDON.
Stamford, Conn., Jan 26, 1921.
Tenants Please Write
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Kindly permit me to advise
your readers that the United Real Es
tate Owners' Association has in. the
LegialatUre five amendments to the
rent laws, aix toj&e city charter and
two to thc state constitution and that
it will shorly hold^a mass meeting for
tenants and landlords to discuss the
above. It now invites tenants' repre
sentatives who desire to address the
meeting to send their names and ad
dresses to STEWART BROWNE,
28Cr Broadway, New Yoxk City.
New Yoxk, Jaa. 26, 1921.
?>'llnn?tiiliii?iii''l" i iilft?wMl?B?ii?i
Aaron Golosh, all-American tackle,
Found out, when he left college,
That this was a hard world?
But with its soft spots. j
He didcovered Mary Matchstlck.
(It's vulgar but it's true),
The bigger they happen to be,
The harder they fall. ?
Mary led him a merry chase ;
Mcrry for her, perhaps,
The Bize of half a second,
She soon had her man-monolith
Crawling in circles at her feet.
She blaaed him without mercy.
(Adam or somebody said it)
What you can't have, you want
But Aaron chrived on punishment;
He stuck, and came back for more.
Finally, feeling the victory hers,
She married the triumphant Aaron,
As she had intended from the .first.
Now Aaron is beginning to realize
(It's a lovely moral truth)
Enough te juzt too mv.ch.
J. D. McMaster.
"Only last Sunday," Says Tho London
Petroleum Times, "Senator Harding,
of Oklahoma"- Now, that is a par
donable British error. The- copy
reader, or aub-editor, got it "Senator
Harding, 0." To the British mind
Oklahoma is far more picturesquo than
Ohio, and as they are just afound tho
eorner from each other, sighs the Lon?
don sub-editor, glimming a fag. there
you are, and what's tho priceloss old
The Bow-Tie Under the Collar?
Sir: I saw th? too-small derby, the
black cord on eyeglasses, the waxed
mnstache, the turned back gloves, the
light colored cane?and then I looked
down for the spata, and there they
were! M. H. H.
"I sea where Llerd Gawge," ?taya the
athaletic young man, overheard by A.
V. H., "is at sawds peonts with tho
ALlied premEERS over the Goiman
Just as we begin to think that the
world is improving, rlong comes a con
tribution incorporating, in ator> form,
the names of all the plays crrrent in
?C. V. Van Anda has bought him
a new fur coat.
?Art Train had a party Thurs.
eve'g at his house.
?Looks like Herb Hoover would
not be in the cabinet.
?Dr. Berlhold A. Baer was buy?
ing Greek vases Wednesday.
?'Mr- H. W. Miller of here was
to Auburn, N. Y? Thursday..
?Mrs. Wm. Shorc of Bklyn.went
to see the opera Thurs. cve'g.
. ?Brock Pemberton made a speech
to the Kansas boys Sat night.
?Day after to-morrow will be
Ground Hog Day. Avaunt winter is
?Norreys Jephson O'Conor the
w. k. bard was a pleasant caller
?Mrs. Belmont Tiffany gave a
party Thursday eve'g, a pleasant
time being bad by 75 of the jeunesse
doree, as' they say.
?T. W. Wilson of Staunton, Va.,
who has been in Washington on
gov't business for 8 yrs. has leased
a new house in.the nat*l capital.
We haven't received a 1920 income
tax blank yet, bo we have no criticism
to make of its intricacles?intrieacies
which, if we had any thing to do with
making the blanks, would be more nu
To the Canteen Girl at Nevers
It wasn't because your Bavory ples
Were the sweetest I ever had;
It wasn't because the light in your
Had the power of making me glad;
It wasn't because your parlor of rest
Could banish all sorrow and care;
It wasn't because your eats were the
Of all that we had over there.
The reason I Baw you again and again?
And 1 know very weh" itwoh't please?
Was after each meal when T'd say
The way that you said ''Swoss ori
dees." HOWARD A. HERTY.
The locatlon of the BaCon; funeral
hojme is ldeal, overlooking as it does
the South Green and affording an ex
cellent view of South Main Street and
the Connecticut Riverfrom tha uppej
windows.?Middletown, Corm, Press. _
Again is the sting extiaeted from the
Grim Reaper. Oh, for aome Nutmeg
Masters to write a Connecticut River
The maid was written, I should aay,
By Scott Fitzgerald; anyway,
She was a fetching flapper who
Was tripping up the avenue.
No chorus lady wore such furs,
Or ahowed a shapelier leg than hers;
Aad with her was another one
This same Fitzgerald m'.ght hate done.
And as I passed *hem on my way,
I heard her to the other say:
"My dearl I look a perfect aight; .
Believe me, I was lit last nightl"
C. W. W.
How long it takes heat to travel, here
or in South Betelgeuse, we have for
gotten. But we know of an apartment
building whose janitor may be tmplored
for heat on a Saturday, and wkereia- it
hasn't, on a Monday, toaveled'up to the
L.:>.-.^v ..?;',;;:. ,'^imMM *> *. P. A.
Kute Jordan, author of The Next
Corner, objects, with justice, because
in quoting from her book we made her
heroine sneak of "la charttre" ai*?f then
printed a letter from a reader who
held the poor heroine up to scorn be?
cause of her carelessness with genders.
The error was ours. "Le charme" was
what the heroine said,
On the other hand, with equa! justice
we have a right to protest against att-,
other confusion in articles. Little,
Brown & Co., the publishers of The
Next Corner, quote us as Saying that
the book "stands out as a successful
npvel on aceount of the ecstatic sweep
of its style, its warm, vltal ftgures and
its cleverly conceived plot." We said
no such thing. This was the judgment
of another Tribune reviewer and most
certainly was not'signed by us. To us
Kate Jordan's style seems forced and
limping, the figures of thc book are
neither warm nor vital, but steam
heated. Yet we must admit that the
plot is a delicious burlesque. This
seems not to have been within the plan
of Miss Jordan, who complains that we
have attempted to belittle her book. We
wero not aware at the time of"writing
that we had done so. Until Miss Jor?
dan made her proteBt we hardly dared
to hope that she iiT'-nded The Next
Corner as a serious piece of writing.
We quote from page 134 of The Next
Corner <arefully and accurately.
"He had kissed her on theneck.
"'You?you beast!' The words were
a shattered whisper, and her fingers
draggecf at the spot where hia lips
had fastened, as if to tear it away
"As she looked into the deep-set liv
ing points of his eyes, her shoulders
drawn up In nausea, her beauty and
exquisiteness gone into disarray, she
was a specter of desjpafr."
But,-after all, we are only a news
paper reporter, and what does liter
atwe mean to us? Our duty is little
more than to report the nature of the
books we read. A summary of The
Next Corner is easy. It is a book to
be read with the shoulders drawn up.
It is also our duty to report another
difference of opinion which concerns
this time aot a book, but a play, for
somehow or other plays do creep into
the column now and again. The letter
is from Miss Susan Glaspell, who
wrote Trifies, the best of Ameriean
short plays, and who haa invariably
brought distinetion to the theater.
Still, we cannot agree with her esti
mate oi "John Hawthorne." Ifc seems to
'us that she has read into tbe play
things which are not there. It was
not the "strangeness of the play which
offended us, but rather that it waa the
conventional highfalutin' attitude of
Ameriean poetic drama tdwartf life. It
was an attempt to lyricize realism by &
person .with no grasp of realism. " Still,
itr would be fsirer to step aside and let
Ml'sa Giaspell have her say. She writes:
Wednesday I saw 'John Hawthorne'
as^resented by the Theater Guild. I
have been indignant ever since. Having
to do something about this indignation,
I sit down and write to you. To you
because you, together with a few oth?
ers, have seemed to caie about the
"But just what is it you want from
the Ameriean play? I mean you as a
focal point of the feeling for wHich
you have bo generously been articu
late, the let-us-have-a-bettet-Amerfean
drama feeling. ... ?
"So I.aak yoa, what do we waat In
our r?a* Ameriean drama? Ta judge
by tSte jeeraror 'John Hawtfterhe,' we
wawfr dramas made from other dramas,
want the stuff we are used to having in
plays. In David Liebovitz we have?so
it seems to me?a writer who writes
of Ameriean Iife at first hand. He has
lived in strange, lonely places which
New York knows not, and he has had
either the courage or the naivetd to
write of the people these places cre
ate, not in terms that go on Broadway
but as he has found ?Ahem to be. Re
ligioua exaltation with the taint of
the prayar-meetihg, love of life and
sense . of sin all. rather absurdly
mixed, as they are so absurdly and
pitifully and ttagically mixed.
"Preposterous though it may seem,
there are people who are sensitive to
tho night. i-suppose they should show
this sensitiveness in highfalutin' terms
long respected in the theater; to speak
of the pigs and calves?Pigs? Calves?
But that is for rough-stuff comedy.
The house shook with laughter?and so
did the papers. That laugh is not go?
ing to help Ameriean drama a bit. It!
is not going to dd any good to any sin- j
gle person who is trying to write
Ameriean plays. Fcr .here is not the
slightest chance of our having decent
plays until we can write imaginatively
about common things?until poetry
can bo in terms of the pigs it' it wants
"Doubtless you will agree with me
and say you gre fitrong for beauty as
shown through the calves and the pigs,
but thAt for you the beauty did not
come through and that you were lefj
with notnlng but these somewhat e^
traneous animals. I am unable to com
prehend how when it came through so
purely to me it did not come through at
all to any of you. And it is precisely
what did come through to me that
forees n?e, much agaffist my will, to
write this letter.
"I think this play has faults and
weaknesses, that everything it has it
might have more surely and more in
tensely. But I do think it is written
by a dramatist who is also a poet. I
think it has imagination, and that it
has failed because it has .strangeness.
Say what we may, here in America we
do not like strangeness. We want to
feel right at home and ever so sure of
ourselves every moment. At any rate,
we do not want strangeness when it
is about America. That is' really ap
palling and rather menacing. Let the
strangeness remain in Russia..
"But all of America is not as com
! monplace as New York. In fat away
1 beautiful places of this countrv are
Qeople made strange by beauty, which
; does not quite ftow into their lives. I
have known these people in Iowa, in
Colorado, in Idaho, on Cape Cod, and
; knowing them I recognize them in this
! play 'John Hawthorne' and feel that this
| young dramatist is most authentic
! when?looking at it conventionaliy?
> he would Seem to know least about
) what he ia doing.
"When the curtaih went down on the
first act 1 felt it went down on a re
markable love scene, a scene in which
new elements were used?religious fa
naticism and passion freahly in con
flict. The way Laura would taKe refuge
in her religious feeiing, a moment later
onfy to use this very thing as a bridge
to the love she couldn't keep away
from?I think that scene is subtle and
has pawer.'The conflict in this torment
ed creatujre, who in the end has to de
stroy the man she loves, how ean it be
that after months of made-to-sell
drama you can sit before this and feel
no new and llving thing? A sensitive
play has been crudely snuffed out."
(From The Bostan (Hobe)
Which has made the more out of
national prohibition in the United
Statee, Cuba or Montreal?
Why Miss Zona Gale Considers Ae
Slavey Theme True to
To. the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you forgive me if I qn?l
tion your editorial objection to-day to
the motif of Hberation of Miss Luro
Bett, in my play of that name? Three
questions?rather, to be frank, thttt
First, the playv originally had the
motif which you suggest. Lultt Bett
did co out into the world alone. Aad
nobody liked the last act. Wherew.
the moment that it was changedto tha
quite ordinary consummation of mdr
riage the response of. people was
genuine. This is, perhaps, because the
eommon experience affords as many
examples of marriage as of going oat
into the world alope. ' v
Second, to your- feeling that womtn
of Lulu Bett's l ultimate initiativa
would not have been trampled upon for
fifteen years, do you mind my saving:
"I know them." Doesn't every one?
Overshadowed, browbeaten womea,
wives or Lulus, who in crises take con
trol of a situation with an inspired
hand. Liberation is inspiration. It it
there, siniply, and then at last it
breaks through. Something, a domei
tic crisis, fintfncial stress, or love,
provides the key. WUh Lulu tt wi?
As to why they remain so long brow?
beaten?whether wives or Lulus?that
is another matter. Partly it is the
poison of the "duty" obsession?dead
duty, that dynamo through which rnna
ho divine current. I know a wife who
for thirty years had probably never re
ferred to her soul as her own. Then
her husband died. And her sagacity fn
disposing of his property made her a
rich woman in a few years. Partly
they may be heid by the "reaignatiOB"
inhibition. I know a girl in the Midflb
West kitchen oi her waalthy father
who dreamed of ah education. There
eame a camp meeting to the iieigaber
hood. Now the rich father e*y?:
"She's contented enough here. She's.
Another reason for these Cinderella*
staying -in the ashes is that they so
often live in little towns. Liberatior*
is not a matter of reading the want
ads. Tt is a matter of a journey and
ur^certainties and terrors. And they
may not have |25 or $10 in the world.
Third, "Miss Lulu Bett" is not
propaganda. It does not urge ubob
women the desirability of going ?ct
into the world. It shows one woman,
merely, waking up to new values in
life. And it chances to be love?aad
not art?-which awakens her, as froa
day to day continnes to ocenr.
New York, Jan. 28, 1921.
The Victory Medal
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: It is logical to suppose that i?
the distribution of the medals the *a
thorities were influenced by a keen d?
sire for the elimination of unnecessary
expense, Let us hope that the method
of distribution, whether eiflcient or in
efRcient, was along lines that did not
entail unnecessary expenditures.
Let us rather thank the government
for giving us the opportunity to take
a "swtpe" at the Boche in 1918 than
blame it for being tardy in' issuisg
Provided we and the people we love
If now that we did our duty, the Victory
Medal has but little value. Its only
merit lies in the fact that it has be*R
made as a token of our countrymen's
app?eciation of our efforts. I woold
wager that there are few men who
were with me in the aummer of 1918wh?
could derive from it an; furthe/r aatl**
factton. CHARUE BROWN.
New Yorfc, 3*m. 22, 192V ^.