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ADVERTISED IN THE
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Vox, LXXXT No. 27,174
N?w York Tribun? Inc.)
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
SUNDAY, APR M, T?T 1921?82 PAGES-PART I AND SPORTS
Generally fair and mach col?'er to?
day; to^torrow fair and continued
cold ;M? ^fchdaptthwe gt winds.
FIVE CENTS ,n
Harris Key to
If Not Slayer, He May Be
Tool of Real Murderer
in Effort to Obscure
Trail, Is New Theory
Whitman to Grill
Youth at Buffalo
Leaves To-day With Cap
lain of Homicide Squad
to Test Out Confession ?
- - !
Convinced that Roy Harris holds the '
key to the solution of the Elwell mur-1
der Charle? S. Whitman, special Assist- ?
?nt District Attorney, and Captain of j
Police Arthur Carey, head of the Homi- j
cide Squad, will leave to-day for Buf- j
falo to question the youth who insists ?
that ho and another man slew the turf- j
?o?an at the behest of a woman.
They are not ready to accept the con- ;
fession of Harris, r.or will they yet,
brand it as false.
"If Harris didn't kill Elwell," Mr. j
Whitman said yesterday, "he was in- ;
duced to own to the crime by some one j
who had a powerful reason for desiring ?
to divert suspicion from himself." !
Mr. Whitman and Captain Carey, j
there is good reason to believe, hope to ?
learn from Harris who it was that was i
?o anxious to draw a red herring across \
the trail of the real murderer that he j
was able to persuade Harris to place
himself in the shadow of the electric
If they succeed in getting this in?
formation they fee! sure it will be a
comparatively simple proposition to
bring to book the real slayer of Elwell.
Cause of Arrest Secret
It was definitely established yester?
day that there was nothing to the orig?
inal report that Harris had been taken
into custody by a Buffalo policeman,
who recognized him as a man wanted
in St. Catherines, Ont., for forgery. ]
The St. Catherines police have no in- j
terest whatever in Harris. I
At the same time it was learned that
the policeman who arrested. Harris did
?o on information he received in Kings?
ton, Ont., just across the Canadian line
from Buffalo. What the nr.ture of this
information is was not divulged, but it ;
is thought that Mr. Whitman and Cap?
tain Carey know what it is and that
tiftv see in it a clew that may lead to !
?-(?.??closing the identity, not only of the
pi rson or persons who induced Harris
? make his confession, but of the mur?
derer of Elwell.
The first impression New York police
and prosecuting officials gained from
the confession of Harris was that his
story was either the outgiving of a dis?
eased mind or the fanciful imaginings
of a drug fiend. But those ideas have
been completely dissipated by the re?
sults of pr* examination of the prisoner
by a noted alienist. This expert's opin?
ion leaves but two hypotheses open
Roy Harris either killed Elwell or he
is the tool of the person who did kill
Must Reach a Decision
It was realized yesterday that the
Buffalo police would not hold Harris
a prisoner indefinitely without some
charge being lodged against him, even
though he has confessed to murder.
That was one reason Mr. Whitman and
CapUin Carey decided to lose no time
in going to Buffalo. After they have
questioned Harris they expect to be in
a position to determine at once whether
or not he is to be brought to New York.
Yesterday afternoon the Special As?
sistant District Attorney and Captain
Carey visited the Elwell house and
made careful note of every detail of
the premises and furnishings. They
W*nt to be able to question Harris
thoroughly and be prepared to trip him
up on his story if it is possible* to do
?o. Harris already has related a num?
ber of incidents that fail to coincide
with the known facts in the case. Mr.
Whitman and Captain Carey armed
themselves with certain questions re?
garding the arrangement of the hou?e
they intend putting to Harris, upon
the answers to which, they are con?
vinced, the truth or falsity of his con?
fession will be positively established.
Orders Inquiry in Cnada
Detective Sergeant Oswald, in the
mean time, was directed over the tele?
phone by Captain Carey to make a
searching investigation of Harris's re?
cent movements in Canada and to find
out who his associates were.
Mr. Whitman, since District Attor?
ney Swann turned over to him the
Elwell inquiry, has run across several
Promising leads and there is a cha. ce,
he thinks, that some, of the persons
under suspicion may link with certain
?cquaintances of Harris.
One thing was made plain. Within
the next two or three days the authori?
ties will have made up their minds
whether or not Roy Harris is telling
the truth when he says a woman hired
bim and an accomplice to do Joseph
?ownc Elwell to death, and in either
?vent it is more than likely that by
that time the first ray of light will
nave been shed on one of New York's
most baffling murder mysteries.
Murder Cliarge Against
Roy Harris Withdrawn
Prisoner Is Officially Accused
Through Misunderstanding ;
Wife Says He Wants to Die
From a Statt Correspondent
BUFFALO, April 9. A charge of first
negree murder was entered to-night
?gainst Roy Harris, who has confessed
complicity in the killing of Joseph B.
Elwell, but within a short time the
charge was withdrawn, and he is held
now, as heretofore, for investigation.
W? murder charge was made as a re
?Ult of a misunderstanding of a mes
?e,'rom the New York police, which
Wked that Harris be held "on his
confession for murder of Joseph Bowne
Mrs. Jessie Walters Leonard, Har?
ms W1fe> aai(1 to-night that a charge
?J nrst degree murder was exactly what
Harris had hoped would result from
V 1a confeS8'on- In ber opinion, she
J*"1*' Harris was so remorseful for the
rouble he had caused her and his fam
"y by his wildness that he was ready
**?*end his life, but lacked'the courage
i (Co mi m? ml ?. oust fwelv?)
Harding Pays High Tribute
To Tribune's Notable Service
April 8, 1021.
?y dear Kr. Reldi
X wish to extend my heartiest oongratu*
let Ions to the No? fork Tribune on it? eightieth
birthday?, and to exprese the hope that this groat
paper* so 1 ntimtoly assoolatad with the history
of the Republican Partyt end with so notable &
Tooord of service, taay continuo to serve the
test Interests of this nation In the futura as
It has In the $ast.
Very truly yours,
Kr. Cfedon Raid?
v the Vow Yes* Tribune,
Hot York City.
De Luxe Yield
Pounds of Drugs
Store Detective Startled as
Dignified Couple Slip
Dress From Counter, and
Almost Lets Them Go
Break Down Before Police
Have $4,200 in Narcotics
Checked at Waldorf and
More at the Vanderbilt
They were such an eminently respec?
table couple that, even the store dc
; tective doubted the evidence of his
eyes. No woman in the suit and dress
department of the Thirty-fourth Street
i department store could compare with
! her for unobtrusive good taste in ap
! parel, or for that poise and dignity
j which imply breeding and brains.
I The store detective admitted to him
I self also that she wasn't such a bad
As for the man, his proper frame
would be that of a Fifth Avenue club.
He was Van Bibber at fifty?keen,
erect, with aquiline features and the
look of success and well-earned leisure
about him. His garb was as precisely
suited to his type as that of the wom?
an, who was delicately fingering the
texture of gowns at his side.
And yet the store detective had seen
jone of the dresses on display vanish
? utterly as these two stood examining it
|?a Saturday afternoon $49.50 special, it
? was. The detective looked again. The
?dress indubitably was gone; the couple
?were going. As they proceeded in leis
?urely ease to the street he followed,
not at all at ease.
His Eyes Are Vindicated
At his request they accompanied him
I to the office, protesting with chill, in
jcisive phrases against this indignity.
?At the office the store detective's vision
| is said to have been vindicated by the
discovery of the $49.50 Saturday after
i noon special beneath the woman's cloak.
! Detectives Phelan and Ford were sum
jmoned from the West Thirtieth Street
Quite heedless of the apparel and the
! dignity of their prospective prisoners,
?the detectives hailed thorn as "William"
land "Mary" and asserted that William
| might be called Mr. Jackson or Mr.
'Bruce or just Bill. His companion,
?they said, might be calling herself Mrs.
(Bruce or Mrs. Baker.
"William" and "Mary" informed
| them that they were quite mistaken.
| The officers could learn at the Hotel
Vanderbilt. they said, that they were
i Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Lunny, with rooms
I on the twelfth floor. They consented,
; however, under protest, to be booked
j for petit larceny as William Jackson
! and Mary Baker.
Drugs Are Discovered
j In a pocket of William's immaculate
coat the detectives found a coatroom
check from the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.
1 One of them went there with it, while
' the other started for the Hotel Van
,derbill. On presenting the check at
j the Waldorf, the detective received
\ two packages of about a pound's weight
(Continued on page three)
Kidnap peel Alcohol Driver
Spits to Trap Thieves
?Later Identifies Bandit Car by
Tob?ceo Juice Markings and
Two Are Arrested
Those fairy tale children who marked
; their trail through the thick wood by
j dropping pebbles were no more re
' sourceful than Harry Moshier, of
, Kingston, Pa., who took measures when
a truckload of alcohol he was driving
was held up Thursday, which resulted
last night in the arrest of two of the
. alleged hold-up men.
The prisoners are Thomas Renard, of
170 Pacific Street, Newark, and Kalph
! Henry, of 37 Franklin Street, Newark.
The police of that city say that when
they .arrested the pair they were re
: moving the body and license plates
from a limousine similar to that used
by the hold-up men to kidnap the truck
Moshier, when his capiors had thrust
! him into the limousine and started
i away, borrowed a chew of tobacco from
! one of them and thereafter spat prolif
: ically, marking the interior of the
; limousine in a fashion which he felt
j he would be certain to recognize. Stains
i in Renard's limousine were identified
: by him without hesitation,
i "I couldn't make any mistake about
| that tobacco juice," he said. "I scat?
tered enough of it around, so there
' would be no mistake."
Leach Declares Persons |
Who Carry Liquor Are
Criminals and Will Be!
Held as Dry Violators
41 Arrested in Brooklyn
Magistrate Denies Right of
Policemen to Enter and
Search Without Warrants
Persons who carry hip-pocket flasks
are now in the same class as the man
who carries a pistol or a dirk without
a permit, according to the statement
made yesterday by John A. Leach, First
Deputy Police Commissioner, who is in ?
charge of police enforcement of the i
new state dry laws in New York City.
"Any one carrying liquor," said the
Deputy Commissioner, "is just as much
a violator of the law as ono who car?
ries a pistol."
The First Deputy Police Commis?
sioner is said to be in the high coun?
cils of the Methodist Church and a
total abstainer. He predicted an early
cessation of trafficking in liquor in
hotels, and announced that forty-one
arrests for violations of the dry law
had been made in Brooklyn in the
twenty-four hours ended at noon yes?
Alleged offenders of the dry laws ar?
rested by the police continued to be ar?
raigned in magistrates' courts all over
the city yesterday, and a special force
was busy in the appeals bureau of the
District Attorney's office preparing to
present liquor cases to the grand jury
Assistant District Attorney Albert
Unger, in charge of the prosecution of
liquor cases, announced that he has
arranged a conference of a committee
of city magistrates, headed by Chief
Magistrate William G. McAdoo, and
representatives of the five district at?
torneys of the city, for 4 o'clock
Wednesday afternoon, ? at which ob-'
scure points of the new laws will be
taken up to bring about uniform treat?
ment of offenders.
Some of the magistrates have held
that where liquor is seized as evidence
it must be analyzed to determine if it
is more than one-half of one per
cent. Mr. Unger said it is his opin?
ion that where detectives ask for
whisky and are served with drinks
their testimony is sufficient evidence
of a violation. He said it is his opin?
ion that chemical analysis of the
drinks and even the liquor itself are
unnecessary as evidence. But he
added that the courts may find other?
The conference also will draft
forms for drawing up complaints in
magistrates' courts. It was said there
has been some confusion due to the
lack of these.
Joab H. Banton, chief assistant d s
(Contlnued on pago three)
Hays Will Arm Postal
Men to Stop Hold-Ups
Postmaster General Also An?
nounces $5,000 Reward for
Each Mail Robber Captured
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, April 9.?Drastic
steps, including arming of every postal
employee handling valuable mail, was
determined upon to-day by Postmaster
General Hays in an effort to put a stop
to mail robberies.
Plans for combatting the increasing
number of losses through hold-ups and
robberies were discussed during a long
conference to-day between Mr. Hays
and a number of postoffice inspectors.
"These robberies must stop, and
stop now," said PoBtmaster General
Hays. "We are going to use every
power available to do this, no matter
how drastic it is. The West knows
how to handle these criminals, just as
they used to in the old Wells-Fargo
Mr. Hays sent broadcast, following
the conference, an order declaring that
anyone bringing in a mail robber will
be paid a reward of not exceeding
$5,000. "All essential postal employees
will be fully armed and every man is
expected to uphold the honor of the
service," said the order.
Among those who participated in to?
day's conference were the newly ap?
pointed chief inspector, R. D. Simmons,
and the retiring chief inspector, George
M. Sutton. Besides the recommenda
j tions of the inspectors the Postmaster
General had before him to-day confl
> dential reports on all the robberies of
the last two yearsJ^,
Here to Vote
Entire New York County
Delegation Unites for
Inquiry as 9 Brooklyn
Men Quit Livingston
Bronx Chief Joins
Koenig in Demand
Action Here Breaks Dead?
lock Over Question of
Inquiry on City Rule
The thirteen Republican Assembly?
men and three Republican Senators
from New York County unanimously
decided yesterday to vote for a legis?
lative investigation of the New York
City government on the lines sug?
gested by Governor Miller.
Six Brooklyn Republican Assembly?
men and three Republican Senators
have deserted Elections Commissionei
Jacob A. Livingston in his attempted
coalition with Tammany. The Senatoi
and the Assemblyman .from Richmonc
County also have repudiated theii
county leader, James P. Thompson an<
joined with those in favor of a legis
latir? inquiry into New York City af
Richard W. Lawrence, Rep?blica]
leader of the Bronx, has joined witl
President Koenig of the New Yorl
County Committee in supporting Gov
ernor Miller in his plan to have
thoroughgoing investigation of city de
Joseph A. DeBragga, the Queen
leader, stands with Livingston in oppc
sition to any kind of legislative invei
tigation, but the combined strength c
Livingston and DeBragga is so sha'
tered that President Koenig predicte
last night that when the roll is calle
on the resolution to probe the cit
government under Hearst-Hylan-Tan
many control the vote will be unan
The action yesterday of the Ne
York Senators and Assemblymen
regarded as the deciding factor in tl
deadlock over the proposed invest
gation. The legislative leaders wi
hold a conference in Albany on Moi
day to agree upon the scope of the ii
Question Fully Discussed
President Koenig of the New Yoi
County organization presided yeste
day at the conference of New Yoi
County legislators. The subject ?
gain or loss from a legislative invest
gation was discussed at length. Pr?s
dent Koenig told the members that pu
lie sentiment demanded support f?
Governor Miller in his desire to abo
ish graft and extravagance and put i
end to manifest abuses.
After the conference broke up, M
"Three Senators and thirteen Assei
blymen unanimously voted for a chart
investigation on the lines suggested 1
Governor Miller. It was quite gene
ally conceded that New York City go
ernment needs reorganization in t
interest of economy.
"It also was conceded by those
the conference that a careful inves
gation of the practical workings of t
various departments will disclose th
they in some degree overlap each oth?
that they are overmanned, and th
many bureaus can be abolished to t
positive benefit of the city and witho
injuring any department or bureau.
"Governor Miller and his advise
have shown the taxpayers of the st?
how to reduce the state budget, aceoi
pushing a saving of aoout $15,000,0'
It is a fair assumption that even
greater saving can be brought to p?
in this city. The only effective w
to bring this to pass is to j
the facts. After the facts are asc<
tained the Legislature can draft bi
to make the necessary changes.".
! "What if this charter investigati
I committee strikes a trail leading
'? graft or criminality?"
"As public officials the members
? that committee will have a duty
i perform. I assume that they will f
j low all trails that promise to lead
j important results."
When asked if Commissioner Livii
| ton's attitude of opposition was lik
I to continue, now that the New Y?
| members favor an inquiry, Mr. Koe:
"Every man is responsible for his o
acts. I have no desire to comment
jthe acts of any one else. My inforr
tion is that a majority of the Senat
?and Assemblymen from the city n
support a resolution calling for an
| vestigation. The scope of the inve
.gation and the personnel of the comn
j tee doubtless will be arranged in
bany on Monday."
j Chairman Koenig said it was une
; stood that Senator Schuyler Meyer,
i Manhattan, would be the head of
Richard W. Lawrence, the Br
. leader, when told of the action of
i New York County men, said it t
seemed certain that there would be
inquiry the aim of which prima
; would be constructive results.
Those in the conference yesterdaj
! county committee headquarters w
j Senators Meyer, Duggan and Tolb.
i Assemblymen Ullman, Fox, Re
' Rayher, Aronson, Nichols, Wall
Steinberg, Lieberman, Smith, Di Pi
I Hawkins and Jesse.
Gets Life and
3 Sons Flee
Planter Collapses When
Verdict Is Given and j
Wife and Children Burst |
Into Sobs; Will Appeal
To Be in Mexico
Indictments Against the
Younger Williamses Are
Sought in 3 Murders
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
COVINGTON, Ga., April 9.?John S.
?Williams, wealthy planter, of Jasper
County, was found guilty to-day by a
jury of murder in connection with peon?
age charges which had been made
against him. The jury recommended
mercy. The verdict automatically car?
ried with it a sentence of life imprison?
ment. Williams collapsed in court after
the verdict was returned.
On the heels of Williams's conviction
it became known that his three song,
Huland, Leroy and Marvin, are re?
ported missing. They arc believed to
have fled either to Texas or Mexico,
after having negotiated a loan at Monti
cello, near which place they lived.
In connection with the report that
1 the three sons are missing Solicitor
General Doyle Campbell of Jasper
County, announced to-night that he
would demand indictments on Monday
by the Jasper County Grand Jury for
the death of "Blackstrap," "Iron Jaw,"
and an unidentified negro who met
r death before the eleven murders were
! alleged to have been committed or
Williams's plantation. The three sons
of Williams are accused of these mur?
Two Thrown in River
"Blackstrap" was killed on Hulund's
farm, but the other two negroes we?
said to have been taken out in a cano?
on the Ocmulgee River just aftei
"Blackstrap" was killed and wer?
thrown into the stream. They wer?
witnesses to the killing of "Black
There have been reports that th?
three Williams boys might be in th?
hands of Federal agents, but the;
are not. Both Federal and stati
agents and members of the famil;
confirmed the report to-night that th'
young men have departed for part
Williams was convicted specificall
of the murder of Lindsey Peterson, i
negro farm hand, whose body, bourn
and weighted with a sack of rocks, wa
found with that of another negro em
ployee on Williams's farm in Yello\
River, in this (Newton) county, jus
over the. line from Jasper Count}
Bodies of hjne other negroes, said t
have been killed to conceal peonag
conditions, have been found buried o
the farm or. elsewhere.
Williams's collapse to-day wa
thought to be due to the fact that hi
wife and his children' were sobbin
violently as the verdict was read. Thi
excited Williams, who had not previ
A motion for a new trial will b
heard by Judge John'B. Hutcheson s
Decatur, Ga., on April 30. William
and his lawyers have not yet given u
their fight and they declare that the
will carry it to the highest court.
Two Favored Acquittal
All last night the jury had stood te
for conviction and two for acquitta
according to reliable reports on th
streets at Covington following the vei
diet. A mistrial was expected. Bi
shortly after the jury arose this morr
ing and resumed its delibc: tions a
agreement was reached. They decide
to recommend mercy.
The jury took the case about
o'clock Friday afternoon and after
o'clock this morning was recharge?
Judge Hutcheson repeating the entii
charge. Williams was t..ken inl
court and all of the lawyers were thei
when the judge recharged the jury.
The parting of Williams from h
wife and his children to-day was a
fecting. Sheriff Johnson later to(
Williams to Atlanta, where he will r
main until the court fight which see!
to obtain a new trial is disposed of.
The motion for a new trial is bas?
upon a claim that the verdict is co
trary to the evidence and contrary
the law and without evidence to su
In his argument to the jury Solicit
General Brand insisted that Cly>
Manning, the negro who furnishi
most of the evidence against Williair
and who confesses that he killed mo
of the negroes, some of them with t
axe, on Williams's order, will be
vigorously prosecuted as was Willian
Mr. Brand repeated this asserti'
after the jury returned a verdi
against Williams. No date for the tri
of Manning ha3 been fixed.
All eyes now turned to Jasp
County's own investigation of t
series of crimes that have occurr
there. Not only will the grand jury
Mondey take up the inquiry into t
deaths of eight negroes on the W
liams farm in the chain of eleven mi
ders?five bodies being found buri
and three in the Alcovy River?but t
grand jury will go into new eviden
(Continued on page throe)
?Ghost-Proof Jury IsQiosen
For $10,000 Ouija Board Suit
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
I CHICAGO, April 9.?With a guaran
| teed ghost-proof jury selected, Joliet's
I celebrated $10,000 ouija board damage
? suit is ready to go to trial on Monday.
, The suit is brought by Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Waters. They charge that the
defendant, Mrs. Albert Yost, of Lock
port, allowed the ouija board to per
; suade her that they had robbed her
I home of ten pounds of raisins, a peck
of potatoes and a carrot. Mrs. Yost ad?
mits she made the statement, but ex?
presses credence in the ouija.
Attorneys for the plaintiffs sum
manly challenged a half dozen jurors
who confessed to a belief in ghosts.
One was Frank Smith, a fanner.
"Sure," he said, "I believe in ghosts.
I remember seeing one when I was a
kid. I don't know anything about ouija
boards, but there might be something
in them." He was excused.
I Another said that although he had
! never seen a ghost he was not certain
there might not be a few of them wan?
"I've seen my dog look as if he was
seeing things I couldn't see," he ex?
plained. "Besides that, I've got a niece
that sees ghosts regularly."
A third talesman expressed a positive
belief in the credibility of ouija boards.
"I've got one myself," he explained.
"It told me once not to buy a calf, and
I went ahead and did it, anyhow. Then
the calf died."
The defense expressed willingness to
accept all believers in the supernatural,
but the, plaintiffs objected. The result
was that the jury, as finally composed,
consists of twelve good men ana true
who are sure that no such thing as a
spirit world exists and that ouija
boards ' are merely something with
which to while away time.
Truce in British Mine
Strike Is Foreca?f Men
Agree to Me?M|pwners
Flood Menace to Mines Grows Seri
Some Pits May Be Permanently Ru
LONDON, April 9.?The menace to the. British coal mi
the strike of the employees and the stoppage of pumping was
by mining authorities to-day as being most serious, owi
volumes of water from seepage, which in some cases amour
sands of gallons hourly, requiring the constant operation
pumps. The greatest damage is threatened in South Wales,"
mines average a thousand feet in depth, and where the hilly to?
raphy of the country is favorable to collection of water in the valleys
where the coal pits are located.
The extent of the danger is suggested by reports that water is
rushing into the Glamorgan collieries at the rate of three thousand
gallons a minute and into the naval colliery at the rate_of fifteen thou?
sand gallons an hour. Director Llewellyn of the Glamorgan collieries
declared to-day that because of the flooding it was likely that the pits,
which have the most modern equipment in Great Britain, would be
Army of Reds
More Than 100,000 Troops
Are Said Already to Have
Been Organized as Basis
of Communistic Host
Were in Cronstadt Fight
German Spartacists Among
Recruits; New Peasant
Revolution in Siberia
RIGA, Latvia, April D (By The Asso?
ciated Press). ?A new "international
army," which is expected to be the
basis of a huge force to be available
ultimately to enforce the dictates of
the Third Internationale, is rapidly be?
ing organized in Russia, replacing the
old Red army, according to informa?
tion received here from authentic
sources. It already nunbers more thata
100,000 carefully selected Communists
who participated in the first actions at
This force is said to be the only one
on which the Bolshevik leaders can
actually count' for effective action, as
the demoralization of -the old army.is
spreading rapidly. It is even declared
that a number of German-Spartacists
who recently reached Russia, joined the
new army to receive training for future
employment in Germany.
There is no sign of any immediate
offensive campaign, the Soviet appar?
ently depending for the present on its
propaganda directed toward fomenting
strikes and unrest. Since demoraliza?
tion of the old army precludes military
ventures, it is pointed out, the Soviet
is extending its propaganda and estab?
lishing new bureaus abroad.
A Lettish investigator who has just
returned from Russia, reports that the
Bolsheviki are stronger politically in
the interior since the Cronstadt affair,
but economically their position con?
stantly is becoming worse and he looks
for a food crisis in June.
Peasant riots in Western Siberia
are reported in advices received here
from Moscow to-day. The peasants
have revived the so-called Green army
and have occupied Tobolsk, cutting off
the town from the Transsiberian rail?
road, the advices say.
The peasant rising came as a protest
against the occupation of the railroad
from Cheliabinsk to Omsk by the
Soviet army and the exportation of
foodstuffs over it to Mosco%v. The
Green army recently destroyed nearly
100,000 kilograms of grain requisi?
tioned by Soviet agents and destined
foi cities in Central Russia, the advices
say, and as a consequence there is
nothing left to requisition. The Gieen
army is continuing its attacks on the
Missing Balloon Found
With No Trace of Crew
Five Navy Men Believed Lost Off
Florida Coast From Partly
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PANAMA CITY, Fla., April 9.?The
naval balloon that vanished after leav?
ing the Pensacola air station with a
crew of live men- nineteen days ago
was found last night partly submerged
in the Gulf of Mexico about twenty
miles off St. Andrews, Fla. The bag
and basket were brought to this city
by a motor fishing boat operated by Roy
No trace of the crew was found. The
basket was floating upright. The gas
j bag was almost completely deflated and
! was sinking when found. Although
I there is a possibility that the members
j of the crew escaped drowning und may
j still be alive in some inaccessible
| swamp region on the coast, the belief
i prevails here that the men lost their
livjs ?.hortly' after they reported by
carrier pigeon that their aircraft was
sinking and drifting out into the Gulf.
It is suggested that the bag might have
settled on the basket, carrying it and
the crew under water long enough to
drown the men before the basket riirht
ed itself and came to the surface. The
search for the bodies of the men was
carried on with new intensity to-day.
The balloon was commanded by Pilot
C. K. Wilkenson, of Houston, Tex.,
when it took the air. With him in the
basket were four student pilots, R. E.
Eland, Belleville, III.; E. L. Kershaw,
Rayne, La.; J. E. Elder, Lebanon, N. Y.,
and J. H. Trefrey, Salem, Mass.
Complete storiea told is ? few words,
in the Went *d. columna
Read these storle?
of to-day's "O-ibun
Czechs to Join
Ready to Co-operate for:
Collection of Indemnity!
in New Movements Ex?
pected, Says Der Tag
Defiant Toward Entente
German Officials Insist They I
Can't Pay and Call for!
an Inquiry by Neutrals!
By Joseph Shaplen
Bu Wireless to The Tribune
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune In<s.
BERLIN, April 9.?Der Tag says it.
has been informed authoritatively that
Czecho-Slovakia is ready to cooperate
with France in further economic and
military sanctions if the Ruhr is occu?
pied after May 1. Occupation of the
Ruhr may be accompanied by similar
action in the East, particularly in "Si?
lesia, the newspaper says.
According to Der Tag, military move?
ments are to be carried out in Glatz
and Waldenberg, in which the Czechs,
French and the Poles will cooperate.
The Czechs are to occupy Glatz and
Waldenberg, the Poles Upper Silesia
and the other forces of the Entente
the rest of Silesia. Upper Silesia is
tj be occupied as far as the line run?
ning through Militsch, Oels, Oelau,
Strechen, Schweidnutz, Freiberg, Hirsh
berg, Greiffenberg and Seidenberg.
French officers now in Prague are
working out the details of the occupa?
Germany, however, does not fear
further Allied penalties and threats of
the occupation of the Ruhr, the Trib?
une correspondent was told to-day in
highest official quarters. He was in?
formed that Germany is not planning
to make a new reparations offer and
that she stands on the proposal that a
neutral commission determine Ger?
many's ability to pay and that she will
abide by its decision.
Briand's Policy Attacked
The threat to seize the Ruhr and
German private property, if carried
out, will not produce the result ex?
pected by the French, the correspon?
dent was told, "for the people cannot
be compelled to work at the point of
a bayonet." Briand's policy will re?
duce and wreck production and will
further deplete Germany's resources
and ability to pay, the Germans say.
The correspondent was told frankly
that Germany would welcome the ad?
vent of Poincar? to the French Pre?
miership with a policy even stronger
than Briand's, for it would demon?
strate once and for all time the fu?
tility of compelling Germany to pay
beyond her capacity. The highest of?
ficials here declare that Poincar? him- |
self would be forced to recognize the I
impracticability and utopianism of a l
"policy of a mailed fist and will return j
to moderation, thus carrying public j
opinion in France along."
A high official attacked Briand's ?
latest declaration as "cheap politics j
and a play to the ?gallery, showing him I
to be in deadly fear of the Foeh
party." The correspondent was told
that "the cry of the French that the
Germans are* prosperous and are pay- \
ing a huge dividend of 3-0; and 40 per
cent is illusory."
"These dividends were paid in badly
depreciated paper n.one'y. and, on a
basis of pre-war gold^capital, really
amount to 2 per cent. The ?^i?culationi
of the French government financiers
are based on a wrong .knowledge" of
mathematics. The threat to operate
German industries by French interests
through seizure is akin to, Bolshevism
and will give Bolshevik results so far
as production is concerned. Germany
is wiling to pay to the limits'of her
capacity and will accept and fulfill'?H
good faith the award of a neutral com?.
mission of experts, even if it seems
high, but the French claims,are im?
possible of acceptance, no matter what
threats are made."
j. "Let French Do Their Worst"
In reply to a question as to why Ger?
many does not accept the demands of
th?e London conference and demonstrate
their futility in the course of time, the
correspondent was told:
"We have been doing this in the case
of the Versailles treaty and cannot ac?
cept any more obligations we know we
cannot fulfill. A contract is a con?
tract, the French will say. The accept?
ance of the London demands in the
hope of demonstrating their futility in
the future is an example of dangerous
policy to Germany. L?t the French do
their worst. This worst will prove so
, I not only to Germany but alto to Franc?
I and the whole of Europe." ?
foncession Comes After
3U1 Hope of Peace Had
| Been Abandoned ; Wage
r Nationalization Hinted
Nation Will Continue to
Protect Public; Huge
Reserve Army Mobilized
LONDON, April 9 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).?The strike of the
coal miners, which threatened to
carry with it a general strike of tha
railwaymen and transport workers,
seems now to be in a fair way of set?
tlement through negotiation.
The dispute throughout, has been
fruitful of surprises, and another
was sprung to-night, when, after
conferences and interviews between
the parties concerned lasting all day
long, and when it was supposed that
all effort to move the miners had
proved ineffectual, it suddenly was
announced that the miners had yield?
ed and that a conference with the
coal owners had been convened for
Monday to discuss the questions in?
volved, while notices were sent to
the mining districts urging absten?
tion from any action that would in?
terfere with necessary measures for
the safety of the mines.
Miners' Action Unexplained
The only explanation yet available
as to what inducements were offered
to the miners to remove their rooted
objection to assenting to steps assur?
ing the safety of the mine owners'
property is the somewhat crypte
statement of Frank Hodges, secre?
tary of the miners' union?"The
conference was arranged uncondi?
Whether the rumors that the govern?
ment is willing that the wage question
should be adjusted on a national bag's
may be held to explain the change in
the situation ?3 unknown. If, as Mr.
Hodges suggests, the government and
mine owners really have agreed to an
unconditional conference that would
be sufficient to induce the miners to
yield the pumping point. In any case,
the unexpected agreement gives the
liveliest hopes that_?he struggle, which
would have swept the country, will be
Arthur Henderson, the labor leader,
who is in close touch with all the ne?
gotiations, although not personally con?
cerned in to-day's meetings with Pre?
mier Lloyd George, was to-night full
of confidence that there would be no
general strike Tuesday.
Alliance Announces Agreement
The executive committee of the
triple alliance, after a conference with
the Premier, issued the following state?
"It has been agreed that, first, the
government shall summon a conference
o? representatives of the Minera' Fed?
eration and the coal owners at the
Poard of Trade at 11 o'clock Monday
morning to discuss the question in dis?
pute between the two parties, and, set
end, the Miners' Federation shall to?
night issue notices to the federation's
branches urging the miners to abstain
from any action interfering with meas?
ures necessary for insuring the safety
of the mines, or necessitating the use
of for?a by the government."
The statement was issued by Mr.
Hodges and J. H. Thomas, secretary of
the National Union of Railwaymen. and
Mr. Thomas, in an interview, said it
was the result of negotiations between
the railwaymen, transport workers and
the government, and had been accepted
by the miners.
The triple alliance will remain in
permanent session during the negotia?
tions, in order, if necessary, to give ef?
fect to its previous decisions.
Optimistic View Expressed
Concerning the probability of a set?
tlement, the Press Association saysi
"There is definite hope that the nego?
tiations will proceed smoothly, and that
: not only will active intervention by the
j railwaymen and transport workers be
! averted, but that the miners' stoppage
i will be ended. The early return o'! tho
pumpmen is possible."
Throughout the day the representa?
tives of the Triple Alliance continued
their effort? to bring about negotia?
tions between the miners and the gov?
ernment. After the third interview
betwen a deputation of railwaymen and
transport workers with the Premier at
Downing Street, lasting ninety minutes,
| J. H. Thomas and Harry Gosling, ieaderi
j of the transport workers, reported that
i the deputation was going to discuss
! matters again with the miners, but
? would not see the Premier again until
At this conference Sir Eric Geddes,
Lord Birkenhead, Sir Robert S. Home,
I Austen Chamberlain and other members
| of the government were present. Later
I the Prinze Minister went to Bucking
j ham Palace and had an audience with
Wage Nationalization Hinted
-.During the day it was reported that,
; provided the pumping difficulty could
j be surmounted, the government was
j not averse to negotiating the wags
? question on a national basis, as sought]
j by the miners. It is not absolutely
j certain, however, that the government
, will go that far with respect to wifeea,
I The Cabinet to-day sanctioned meas?
ures to insure the safety of the minea
?and fetches of naval ratings were sent
to Wales and Scotland to protect th?
volunteers and pumpers, together'^ith
' j additional troops to aid the civil ?m
'?thpritjes in the maintenance of nubil?
?1 orderand essfctial national *.ervv?e.
I The-War (See announces thRt Lieu