Newspaper Page Text
is certain to follow the conclusion of
ihe Yap negotiations, will bring into
line behind the Administration the en?
tire group of Senators now fighting the
Administration so bitterly on the Co?
Japan Claimed Shantung
Inder a Secret Treaty
l.ansine Declared Tokio Won
its Point at Versailles by
"Blackmail and Bluff"
The Shantung issue was raised by
the Treaty of Versailles under which
the province of that name, which for?
merly was a Cern?an colony, was handed
to Japan. The territory involved is
only 12* square- miles. The Japanese
claim to the province was based on a
secret treaty between Japan and ( hina,
s;gned in 1916, by which China rec?
ognized Japan's succession to Gorman
rights in China. Japanese troops a
few months previously had wrested the
peninsula from the Germans.
According to Robert Lansing, former
Secretary of State, the Japanese dele?
gates at the peace conference obtained
the inclusion of the Shantung clause in
the treaty by blackmail and bluff.
The Japanese delegate? threatened to
bolt the conference unless the province
was given them, and to this threat
President Wilson was said finally to
have yielded. Mr. Lansing in his book
The Peace Negotiations said that he
and the other members of the American
delegation regarded the clause as a
flagrant wrong and that they were
prevented from resigning only because
of the critical world situation.
In January, 1920, Japan offered to
open negotiations with China for the
return of the province to Chinese sov?
ereignty. This and several other in?
vitations were rejected by China, on
the ground that it was not a matter
to be negotiated betwen the two coun?
tries, but a wrong to be righted by
those who committed it.
President Harding in a preelection
speech in Marion last September re?
ferred to the handing of Shantung to
Japan as a wrong to China.
No Trade Lure*,
(Continued from flrst pajje)
Russia were removed by the United
States on July 8, 1920. The conclusion
of treaties of peace with the Baltic
states enabled Russia freely to enter
upon trade w?th Europe and the United
States. Both American and European
goods have been sold to Russia, but
the volume of trade has been unim?
portant, due to the inability of Russia
to pay for imports.
Huge Orders Are Unfilled
"It is true that agents purporting
to be representatives of the so-called
Rolshevik Commissariat of Foreign
Trade have placed immense orders for
the purchase of goods in the United
States, Europe and Asia. It is esti?
mated that perhaps six and one-half
billion dollars' worth of orders have
been booked. But shipments, as a re?
sult of these orders, have been made
only in small volume because the
Soviet agents were unable either to
pay cash or to obtain credit so as to
insure the delivery of the goods or?
In reality, Secretary Hughes says,
transfers of Russian gold to other
countries have been small, and at the j
most liberal estimates the Soviets have 1
not more than $17f>,000,000 of gold in
their possession. Even the immediate '
expenditure of the whole amount in ]
the United States, he points out, would j
have no pronounced or lasting effect J
on American trade or industry, and it
might "take away the scant hope that i
is left of a sound reorganization of the I
Russian system of currency and
There have been since December 18, j
1920, Secretary Hughes informs Mr.
Gompers, no restrictions on financial
transactions between the United States
and Russia, although there is no as?
surance that the mint or the Reserve
banks will accept Russian gold, as pub?
lic institutions must be assured that
title is not open to question.
"The facts" in regard to supplies in
Russia available for export, Mr.
riughes wrote, "completely refute"
statements that if the United States
recognized the Soviets, Russia im?
mediately would export largo quanti?
ties of lumber, flax, hemp, fur and
"The facts," he Bays, show that Rus?
sia does not have on hand for ex?
port commodities which might be made
the basis of immediately profitable
trade with the Unite:' States, and he
adds that the Russian transportation
system is so demoralized that it could
not move them if they existed.
Production at Low Ebb
Mr. Hughes quotes an official organ
of the Soviet government to show that
lumber production in 1920 was one
fifth of the pre-war level, although the
industry was in better circumstances
than others, A table shows the output
of eight principal exporting commodi?
ties at from 12 to 58 per cent of what
Furthermore, Secretary Hughes
points out, beforo the war American
trade with Russia in both directions
constituted only 1 3-10 per cent of
all the foreign trade of the United
States, being in the year ended June
HO, 1918, at a total of $55.000,000 for
both exports and imports, while for
the calendar year 1920 it was $18,
000,000, and practically all of that was
with territories free of Soviet domina?
"It is unquestionably desirable,"
?rote Mr. Hughes to Mr. Gompers,
"that intimate and mutually profitable
commercial relations on an extensive
scale bo established between the United
States and Russia, and it is tho sin?
cere hope of this government that
there may be readjustments in Russia
which will make it possible for that
country to resume its proper place in
tho economic life of the world."
Repaired, Relined and Renitkelcd
Headquarter? for Refills.
We operate (he nm<f complete vacuum
bottle service station in the country.
AMERICAN VACUUM BOTTLE
AND TRAY CO.
35 W. 31?t STREET.
Fhone I.ontraere ??13.
For Firm Stand
In Reply to U. S.
1 Strong Group in Government
Said to Oppose Any Modi
neat ion of Views on M a??
?late Award of Council
May Treat Yap Separately
National Disgrace Seen if
Tokio Is Forced to Agree
to Demands of America
TOKIO, April 17 (By Tin- Asso?
ciated Press).'?A sharp division of
opinion in governmental circles as to
what attitude should be adopted with
regard to the American note on man
i dates is reported by close observers
1 of the situation, an influential group
: it is said, insisting that Japan shoule:
! maintain her stand on the aware
made to her by the Supreme Counci'
i at Paris.
The .liji Shimpo in an editorial ar
? tide expresses the opinion tha
1 Japan will reply negatively to th<
; note, laying stress on the contentioi
; that the Supreme Council's decision ii
awarding the mandate for the forme:
German islands in the North Pacific
to Japan was an agreement collator?
to the peace treaty and therefore vnlic
in the same senso as the decision re
; pare! ing the distribution of the Ger
1 man warships. Moreover, it note!
that the United States failed to file i
protest when the mandate decisioi
was published in May, 1919.
The Kokumin Shimbun expresses he
lief that Japan will seek to satisf;
America by settling the controvers;
over the island of Yap separately.
The standpoint of those, who believi
Japan should stand upon the Council'
decision is voiced by Professo
Uesugi, of the Imperial University, il
an article in which he declares tha
should Japan be forced to comply witl
the American demand it would be th
greatest national disgrace since th
return of the Liao-tung Peninsula 1
China under the pressure of the Euro
pean powers after the Chino-Japanes
Information from official quartet
on the subject is that Japan still 1
in consultation with the Allies.
The Teikoku News Agency quote
nn unnamed Cabinet Minister as de
daring Japan must.follow the decisio
of the League of Nations; that she ha
no right to act by herself against i!
rulings, and that therefore the que!
tions involved should be settled b(
tweeh America and the league. Thl
minister, the news agency declare
expressed the opinion that .Tapa
should reply to the United State
along the lines he indicated.
The agency also quotes Professe
Hayashi, councillor of the Foreig
Office, as saying that America shoul
approach the League of Nations, s
Japan has no right to interfere wit
Nothing certain was known as to tr
views of Great Britain, Prance an
Italy, the councillor is quoted as ad<
ing, but he hoped that, whatever the
views were, Japan would remain fin
Until the Yap question was settle
Japan, he declared, according to tl
agency, must maintain her presei
military administration of the Pacif
Berlin's Red Tape
List Aboard Line
Mongolia Arrives Here "Wil
Only 61 in Cabin and 2
in Steerage ; Lacks Perm
to Transport Any Germai
The American liner Mongolia, whi
j operates between New York, Hambu
I Antwerp and Vigo, Spain, arrived hi
yesterday with an unusually small p
senger complement, due largely
the red tape of the present Gern
government in granting the compi
a permit to transport Germans to t
The Mongolia and the Manchu
i which are engaged exclusively in
? trade with Germany, have been bri
i ing large lists of steerage passeng
to this port, chiefly from Vigo ?
When the Mongolia came in yesi
| day it was found that she had o
sixty-one cabin and twenty-one st<
I age passengers, eight of the la'
| class being American citizens.
According to officials of the line,
smallnoss of the passenger list
i due to the red tape of the Gert
government, which has promised,
not granted, a permit for the vessel
carry German subjects to this coun
I It is the belief of the officials, h
ever, that the Manchuria, which is i
bound eastward to Hamburg, will bi
back a full passenger list, as the ne
j tiations with the German govemrr
i will have been completed by the t
she is ready to return to New Y?r
By the aiel of the old permits of
Hamburg-American Lino the Un
American Lines are free to carr
! full list of travelers out of Hamb
, and through the old permits of
North German Lloyd Line the s
privilege is granted to the- Un
State-s Mail Steamship Company,
Among the saloon passengers on
Mongolia was Commander W. R. 1
long, U. S. N., who recently has c
pleteel a trip through Germany,
said that, in his opinion, the people
through with a monarchial form
government and will have no om
i power who represents the Hoher
He said that Germany was wor'
faithfully in the interest of re
struction, and that this was appa
in the activities of the Krupp we
This great'plant, he said, had emph
in pre-war times 42,000 workmen
the construction of arms. Before
left Germany, he said, the plant
employing 50.000 men, but their w
I he said, was devoted to repairing
; rolling stock of the German rail re
He said there were a few Comr
ists employed at the Krupp plant v
; he was there, but that the work
I themselves requested that these'
? turb?is h/> removed.
I -o-__ t
' Portraits of Aragonese Kin?
May Be Assembled in Saragf
MADRID, April 17.?Eduardo Ibi
member of the' Academy, in a si
j merit issued to-day makes a plea
| the collection in Saragossa of the
| traits of the Kings of Aragon, forn
I in the Prado Museum, but since
j tributed to various parts of S|
with the exception of Aragon it
l!i> demands that these historical
traits be gathered and hung on
walls of the provincial Diet buil
! at Saragossa.
He also calls for the establish!
of an Aragonese library, declaring
large numbers of Aragonese who
emigrated from the province woul
glad to contribute valuable work
such a library.
llo you want to buy or ?ell ?omftr
See announcements under Burines? t
In to-day? Want Art. column? of
Tribune. ?Art v.
Pittsburgh City Fireman
Held for-Girl'? Death
Prisoner Said lo Have Con?
fessed He Hi?! Body, but De?
nies He Killed Child
PITTSBURGH, April 17. .lohn
Miller, former member of the city Fire
Department, was arrested to-day in i
connection with the sudden disappear- |
anco and death of Nadine Kremer, j
eight years old, whose mysterious ah- j
sence was discovered last Tuesday and |
whose body was found in a stable near j
her homo by her father Saturday night.
Homer E. Crooks, lieutenant of detec?
tives, later gave out a statement that
Miller had signed n paper in which he
told of the child's death.
Detective 'Crooks said Miller insisted
that Nadine had entered tho stable of !
her own volition Tuesday night at ? !
o'clock, that she fainted before he had j
an opportunity to harm her, and that j
after he had found it impossible to re- j
vive her ho deposited the hody in a hole ?
in the floor. Information given detec?
tives at the time of the girl's disappear?
ance was that she and a companion had
been approached by two men, but that
the companion had escaped and later
told of Nadine's abduction.
3 Steal Auto,
And Slug Chief
Youths Leave Garage Guard
Near Death From Blows
and Battle Greenwich
Officers Who Halt Them
Trio Caught Near Seenel
Trailed by Tracks in Mud
Leading From Machine
Abandoned After Fight
GREENWICH, Conn.. April 17.
Three youths in a stolen automobile
ran the gantlet of tho police of this
city and Stamford this morning, run?
ning down a patrolman of the latter
city and knocking out Captain James
J. Nedley, veteran commander of the
borough police of this city. A trio,
alleged to be the thieves, was arrested
later in the day not far from where
the automobile, stolen in Springfield,
Mass., had been abandoned.
The police were informed about 8
o'clock that the three, who bad
krtocked a garage watchman in Spring?
field senseless and gone off with a
powerful car, might be expected at any
moment. Patrolman Frank Bates, of
the Stamford police, was on the look?
out for them at a bridge on the Boston
Post Road just west of Stamford.
As a car approached which he recog?
nized as similar to the one stolen in
Springfield he signaled to its three I
occupants to stop. Instead of stopping
the driver put on speed and drove the '
car straight at the patrolman. Twice '
Bates dodged, but at the third twist of
the wheel the motor car struck him a
glancing blow, felling him.
Captain Pursues Them
Hearing of the attack on Bates, Cap?
tain Nedley, who is sixty-five years old
and was the only policeman at Head?
quarters at the moment, got aboard a |
jitney bus that was passing and set out
to meet the trio. Their car was sighted
at Putnam Avenue, and its driver heed?
ed a signal given by Benjamin Dewey,
driver of the jitney.
As the stolen car came to a halt Cap?
tain Nedley leveled his revolver at its
occupants and told them they were
under arrest. He mounted the run?
ning board, clung to the seat of the car
with his left hand and, with the other,
kept the three young men covered.
'Now drive to Headquarters," he
They set out, the driver proceeding
slowly and in- strict accordance with
Ceptain Nedley's instructions. His
^companions opened an apparently care?
free conversation with their captor
and apparently took their arrest in
such utter good humor, that the cap?
tain rather shamefacedly pocketed his
revolver just before they reached head?
Knock Him to Street
The instant he did so the two men
in the tonneau drew theirs and used
the butts on his head and hands, forc?
ing him to relax his grip and fall to
the street. Then the driver put on
speed and disappeared.
The entire community was on the !
alert by this time, however, and their I
car soon was reported to be abandoned
near the R. V. Pell estate near East
Port Chester. Police Chief Andrew
Talbot followed the tracks made in the
mud by three men who had taken to
the road just where the car had been
drawn up and presently overtook them.
He had them covered before they
could attempt to draw a weapon and j
they were locked up. They said they
were Franklin Lendsley, Chester Baker
and Benjamin Gibbs. The injuries re
! ceived by the two policemen proved to
be slight. Reports from Springfield
are to the effect that the garage watch?
man assaulted there may die from his
Passengers on Ryndam
Beat Quarantine Game
Ship Surgeon's Cleanliness
Campaign Saves Time at
End of Voyage
The Holland America liner Ryndam,
from Rotterdam, spent only an hour in
Quarantine yesterday, notwithstanding
the fact that she carried 625 steerage
passengers from Continental ports.
Dr. William Ford, the ship's surgeon,
who served throughout the war in
France, and who recently was on the
staff of the United States Public
Health Service at the Barge Office, was
largely responsible for the speed with
which the vessel passed through Quar?
antine. On the run across the Atlantic
Dr. Ford informed the travellers that
the quickest way through Quarantine
lay through the route of cleanliness,
lie talked with the passengers and ex?
plained to them that body lice and un?
clean persons were responsible for the
spread of disease and the detention of
passengers arriving in New York.
He urged delousing baths, and within
a day his propaganda in the cause of
health had been taken up,in a kindly
spirit by the travellers and he helped
them in preparing themselves for
presentation before the port officials.
Retired Army Officers Offer
Obregon Aid Against Gonzales
MEXICO CITY, April 17.?Numerous
retired army officers have requested
President Obregon that they be sent
into active service against General
Pablo Gonzales should the revolution?
ary movement he is reported to be
heading prove serious, according to an
official statement to-day.
The War Office has still no knowl?
edge of the exact whereabouts of Gen?
eral Gonzales, but its various state?
ments reiterate belief that his reported
rebellious movement will not prove
The lover magnificent?James "Spike"
McFaddpn tn "Dream Street." Central
Them re now.?Advt.
Idea of Appeal
Berlin Doubts That Any
Definite Plan for Pay?
ment of War Debt Will
Be Offered To-morrow
Two Proposals Suggested
Financing of Reparations
in IT. S. Still Figures in
Program of the Cabinet
By Joseph Shaplcn
By Wireless to The Tribune
Copyright. 1021, New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, April 17. Dr. Walter
Simons, German Foreign Minister, will
bo ready to present a preliminary
statement regarding Germany's war
bill on Tuesday, the Tribune corre?
spondent learns, but doubt is expressed
whether any definite new set of pro?
posals will be forthcoming at that
time. Cabinet members and their ad?
visers have been discussing daily the
questions of what Germany can offer
to pay, but the conferences are still in
a developmental stngc. None of the
economic and financial experts have
yet been cnlled in.
It is learned authoritatively that the
various predictions of what the next
German offer to t lio Allies will con?
tain, printed both here and in the for?
eign press, are all without foundation.
This may be regarded as the govern?
ment's way of saying that it has aban?
doned nil idea of seeking mediation by
some neutral power anel of the trans?
fer of the French anel British debts to
America to Germany's shoulders.
In Berlin it is denied that the gov?
ernment has specifically sounded out
the Harding Administration as to
whether the proposal that Germany
take over the Allied debts would be
acceptable to the Uniteel States.
Two Proposals Suggested
BERLIN, April 17 (By The Asso?
ciated Press). -The question of repara?
tions evidently is giving the German
Cabinet great trouble. No official state?
ment has been made concerning the
matter, but ' two proposals are being
Tlv first proposal contemplates Ger?
many assuming the Allied indebted?
ness" to the United States, and the
second that the Allies should be given
something like a one-third share in a
number of the principal German indus?
The. T?gliche Rundschau thinks the
second proposal would bo acceptable to
the German industrial leaders and that
it might be realized by an issue of pre?
ferred shares carrying a definite mini?
mum dividend and priority over all
existing shares or debentures.
PARIS, April 17 (By The Associated
Press).?A "military anel civil general
staff" will me?t to-morrow to de?
termine the precise manner of action
in the Ruhr district in the event of
occupation after May 1. The military
plans, fully completed long since by
the staff of Marshal Foch, are quite
elastic enough, it. is learned on good
authority, to adapt themselves to the
economic plans, which the mixed com?
mission, sitting elaily between now and
May 1, will definitely adopt if neces?
sary. From a military point of view
the recall of only one class, that of
1919, has been decided upon as suf?
ficient to carrv out further operations.
Official Staff Selected
Marshal Foch,. General Buaw chief
of staff of the army, and General Wey
gand, ncting as general secretary of
the staff, will represent the military
element. Louis Loucheur, Minister of
Liberated Regions; Paul Tirare!, High
Commissioner in the Rhineland, and M.
Seydoux, the financial expert who rep?
resented France at the Brussels con?
ference, will compose the civil element.
Cognizance is taken by the Temps
in its leading editorial to-day of re?
ports that a new reparation offer by
Germany is being transr 'Atcd to the
United States through the Vatican, a
move which it characterises as an at?
tempted diversion by Germany to es?
cape payment to the extent of her
"There is m'uch ado in Berlin con?
cerning the offers of reparations which
the German government is reported to
have transmitted to the United States
government," says the Temps. "We
can only see in such a move another
attempt at a diversion. If Germany
were prepared sincerely to recognize
her responsibility and was resolved to
pay to the full limit of her resources,
as she was inviteel to do by the United
States, she would not adopt such cir?
cuitous methods and try to set Amer?
ica up against the European Allies.
"Were Germany sincere she would
not attempt to evade the fixing of the
amount of her debts by opening a de?
bate upon an international loan and
upon the amounts owed the United
States by the Allies.
Simons'H Authority Questioned
"By the way," continues the news?
paper, "who is governing now in Ber?
lin? Careful observers doubt if Dr.
Simons (the Foreign Minister) is mas?
ter of the situation.
"It is declared that the German
propositions have been transmitted to
the United States by the Vatican. We
do not know whether this statement
will bring forth a denial from Rome,"
adds the Temps, but tt declares it
would not be surprised to learn that
the Vatican in fact was taking such
BRUSSELS, April 17.?Declarations
that Belgium's financial and economic
future is entirely dominated by the
question of German reparations was
made by Premier Wiart in an address
here yesterday evening. He asserted
that the problem of Belgium's restora?
tion was incapable of solution unless
Germany paid the sums levied against
The Socialist Minister Destree also
declared that Belgium was threatened
with bankruptcy unless Germany paid
up, and asserted that unless she
yielded it would be necessary to em?
ploy force to bring about settlement of
the war debt.
Jugoslavs Tax German
Exports as Allies Agreed
VIENNA, April 17.?Messages from
Belgrade to-day announce that the
Jugo-Slav government has decreed the
imposition of a 50 per cent tax upon
This is in line with the general action
determined upon by the Allies at the
Paris and London conferences to make
collections on the German reparations
Turks Call Greeks Brutal
Angora Government Issues Pro?
test Against Atrocities
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 17.?The
Angor? Assembly of the Turkish Na?
tionalist government has invited the
Sultan to visit Anatolia, it was an?
nounced here to-day.
Prom Angora comes also an an?
nouncement that the government has
issued a protest to the world against
allegeei atrocities by the Greeks, which
are alleged to include the burning of
numerous villages by the Greek forces.
Protest is also made against the use
of the Dardanelles by the Gree! for
transportation of troops to Brusa
U. S. Food to All
In Soviet Jails
Baroness, Freed, Reaches
Kis?a, Charging Discrimi?
nation in the Delivery of
Kations From Ked Cross
Packages Go From Reval
Woman in Solitary, Cannot
Read or Sew; ??ritish Not
Confined to Their Cells
RIGA, April 17 (By The Associated
Press). Only tho Americans among
all the foreigners in the Moscow pris?
ons appear to have been forgotten by
the government and do not receive
food packages now to supplement the
starvation rations, according to the
Baroness Porelkerson, who has ar?
rived at her home in Riga after having
been for a long time in prison in Rus?
sia as one of the Letvlan hostages.
"1 was freed from the Bntirka prison
in February," said the baroness. "At
that time Royal C. Keeley, Demetrius
Kalimatian and William Flick, Amer?
icans, were in the prison. They were
not. receiving food package's. Flick,
who is a moving picture operator and
whose home is Brooklyn, N. Y., how?
ever, seemed to hnve friends among the
Russians or foreigners in prison, who
wen; getting packages from the Polish
and other aid societies. ?le was not
faring so badly, but Keeley and Kali?
matian were forced to live on what is
known to tho prisoners as hospital diet,
This consists of a horrible black bread
and some soup, and now and then a
little dab of butter and a piece of
sugar, but no meat.
Americans Kent in Oils
Koeley's position was part.iculralj
bad, as ho speaks little or no Russian
Some time before I left Batirka he sent
a petition to the judges asking why h(
was not released. The answer he re
ceived was that his government hac
never made urgent demand for his re
lease, like the British had done in be
half of British prisoners. None of th<
Americans could understand why the;
were kept in cells while the Britisl
prisoners were turned loose. Of course
the Bolsheviki are afraid to put thi
Americans to death, but nobody know:
how long they will be in prison. The;
are likely to break under the strain."
The baroness said the predicament o
Mrs. Marguerite E. Harrison, an Ameri
can newspaper correspondent, wa
probably the worst of all the Ameri
c;ins. She was kept in solitary confine
nient in a cell in another prison, whicl
is used for prisoners whose cases ar
under investigation, and was barel;
keeping alive with the rations server
The rations in this prison, she declared
were worse than those doled out a
Not Allowed to Read
Mrs. Harrison, according to th
baroness, was given nothing to rea>
and was not permitted to sew. She ha<
nothing to do but sit in the priso
As she was only a hostage and, more
over, a Sister of Mercy, Barones
Forelkorson was allowed more Creedoi
in Batirka prison than the others. Sh
had an opportunity to see and talk t
every one. The baroness said to-da
that no American Red Cross package
had arrived at Batirka prison, as fa
as she knew.
Tt is known that for some month
p:ist the Red Cross at Reval has bee
forwarding packages, and it is thougl
here they probably have been confis
Cold Wave Follows
Central States Blizzan
Chicago Suffering for Want o
Coal and Milk; Girl Kille
When Blown Off Moving Ca
CHICAGO, April 17.?A cold wa\
to-day followed the blizzard whic
swept the Central states Friday an
Conditions were slowly returning t
normal, however. The. snow which fe
in Wisconsin, Nebraska and Illino
had almost vanished to-night. Rai
road schedules were being returned t
normal and wire communication ha
been restored except to a few points.
From one to five inches of snow co1
ered the greater part of Michigan t<
night, but owing to the temperatur
which was only a point or two belo
freezing, communication and tran
portation lines suffered little incoi
In Chicago Saturday's blizzard four
many coal bins empty and forced co.
yard employees to work all night in s
effort to relieve distress. Several mi
trains were staUed, and as a resu
thousands of families were left witl
out milk. The only known casual
in the city was that of a twenty-yea
old girl who was blown from the pla
form of a moving train and killed.
Tyrol Defies Entente;
Will Hold Plebiscite
Demonstrations in Favor of Fu?
sion Will? Germany Are HeH
VIENNA, April 17 (By The Asso?
ciated PrcsR). After a meeting of
party leaders in Tyrol yesterday noti?
fication wits sent to Vienna that the
Tyrolese authorities, despite the En?
tente'!! new ultimatum against fusion
with Germany, would proceed with th?
plebiscite to learn the wishes of the
people, refusing to call the Diet to
consider the matter because their de?
termination was unalterable.
Innsbruck dispatches say the populace
considers the threat of the Entente a
Notwithstanding th? formal disap?
proval of the government, the demon?
strations in favor of fusion with Ger?
many continued throughout the country
to-day. A heavy snowstorm at Inns?
bruck failed to chill the enthusiasm of
In Vienna enormous crowds gathered
in the Courthouse square in the rain
and listened for hours to speeches.
Afterward the crowds paraded through
the boulevards with bands playing, sing?
ing German songs and carrying red,
black and yellow banners.
U. S. Minister Rules
Zayas Was Elected
Announces Decision After
Investigation and Asks
All Congressmen to Take
Seats and Accept Result
HAVANA, April 17?(by the Asso?
ciated Press).?Dr. Alfredo Zayas, Con?
servative-Popular Coalition party can?
didate, was elected President of Cuba
in the November election and, in the
judgment of the United States govern?
ment, nothing should be done to pre?
vent Congress from proclaiming him
President. This decision is embodied
in a statement made public to-day by
Roaz Long, the American Minister to
It is expected the announcement of
the position of the United States will
have a decisive effect in solving the
deadlock brought about by the refusal
of the Liberal members to attend Con?
gress and permit of the formation of
the three-quarters quorum needed to
proclaim Dr. Zayas President. The
term of President Menocal expires May
Decries Fear of Violence
The note says the United States
government, "after the most pains?
taking investigation," reached the con?
clusion that there was no reason why
the Liberal party should have been ap?
prehensive of violence in the partial
elections and that the government of
thei United States is confident that, if
the Liberal party had gone to the
polls in these partial elections, the
elections would have proceeded "with?
out organized disturbances and free
from disorder, except that which might
have resulted from the acts of irre?
sponsible individuals in both parties."
"The government of the; United
States," the note says in conclusion,
"considers that the safeguards and re?
sources provided by the electoral code
of. Cuba have been placed at the dis?
position of the Cuban people without
partiality or distinctiotr. The result
o? the elections signifies that the
Presidential candidate of the Liga
Coalition party has been elected Presi?
dent. In the judgment of the govern?
ment of the United States, the Cuban
people should accept this decision as
final and no attempt should be made
by the members of the minority in the
Cuban Congress to impede the orderly
procedure provided by the constitu?
tion and laws by preventing the Con?
gress from proclaiming the successful
candidate President of Cuba."
Gomez Abandons Claims
KEY WEST, Fla., April 17.?General
Jos? Miguel Gomez, defeated candidate
for the Presidency of Cuba, announced
here to-night that he would abandon
his claims to that office and retire to
private life. Ho would recommend to
his party, he said, "the acceptance of
defeat rather than endanger the safety
of the republic of Cuba by another
American intervention." He added that
his party's case had been so prejudiced
by emissaries of the Conservative party
in their representations to the Ameri?
can government that justice could not
be obtained at this time.
General Gomez said his faith in the
American people was unshaken, and
that he was retiring without bitterness.
Boom in British Marriages
LONDON, March 29 (By Mail).? ;
There was a boom in marriages in '
England and Wales last year when
nearly 400,000 couples were wed. This
easily constitutes a record, says the
For the three years preceding the
war the annual average was only
280,000 and only twice has the 300,000
mark been passed?in 1915 and 1919?
when owing to the recruiting cry of
"single men first," the marriages in
the second half of tha year went up
with a bound and eclipsed ajl previous
?MIM,.Wll i ??-*
For year's folks have struggled to explain to
other folks "the wonderful power of advertising."
Comparisons with electricity, Niagara Falls and
trans-Atlantic flights are frequent, and certainly
the explanations would seem to add mystery to
Perhaps the difficulty of definition lies in the fact
that advertising is so simple and so neutral.
For example, if Du Pont offered a million Cadil?
lacs at the price of a Ford, "the power of advertis?
ing" this fact would probably be said- to be stupen?
dous. But, if with the same identical advertising
expenditure, a million Fords were offered at the
price of a Cadillac, that particular application of
"the power of advertising" would certainly be
termed an advertising failure.
The two campaigns could be as alike as two peas
and yet the results diametrically opposite.
Advertising is a message addressed to many per?
sons about goods, ideas or service.
I Do not confound the message and the method of
The only "power of advertising" is the power of
the message it transmits.
Advertising space in the Butterick publications
is for saie through accredited advertising agencies.
The Delineator The Designer
($2JS0 a Year) ($2.00 a Year)
Raid on Turks
Threat of Grapeo-Ruasian
Attack on Constantinople
inspires Order for With?
drawal of Muscovites
Brazil Wants Refugees
France to Suspend Contri-!
butions of Food Unless
its Dictum Is Obeyed
Special Cabin to The. Tribune
Copyrijcht. 1921, New York Tribun'' Inc.
PARIS, April 17.- The delicate situ?
ation brought about by the presence
of large bodies of Russian troops
around Constantinople and the dan?
gers of a united Grwco-Russian drive
to capture that city has caused such
alarm in Allied circles that France
has now repudiated her former ally,
General Baron Wrangel, who was
anti-Bolshevik leader in South Rus?
sia. France is insisting that his sol?
diers must return to Russia.
Brazil has offered to relieve the sit?
uation by taking 20,000 of these
refugees as cultivators of the land,
but the conditions attached to the
Brazilian government's offer of hos?
pitality are such as to make it un?
satisfactory. Moreover, most of these
refugees never were farmers and
hence would not take readily to agri?
Supplies May Be Cut Off
The French government in an of?
ficial note issued to-day says that no
pressure will be brought to bear on
these Russians of Wrangel's follow?
ing, but they must either, accept the
offer of amnesty made by the Moscow
Soviet government and ' go back to
their own country or forego any fur?
ther aid in the way of provisions and
shelter where they are.
France announces that her recog?
nition of General Wrangel was only de
facto and that this is now withdrawn.
She complains against the charge that
the French are delivering Wrangel's
Cossacks to the Bolsheviki and forc?
ing them to return to Russia against
their will. General Wrangel, the
French note says, has constituted
himself into a kind of government and
has assumed a supreme right to keep
under arms the troops that he brought
from the Crimea.
Aid Costly to France
France already has paid out more
than 200,000,000 francs for the keep
of these 135,000 refugees and is receiv?
ing back hardly a*quarter of this sum
in the acquisition of the Black Sea
fleet that was owned by the former
Russian government. The French
note continues: i
"The existence of such an army on
Ottoman territory 13 against interna?
tional law and is dangerous to peace.
It would be an illusion to think that
Bolshevism could be effectively com?
bated by armed forces having their
base outside of Russia."
France says that in view of General
Wrangel's present attitude it becomes
necessary to strip him of his present
"All the Russians still sheltered in
his camp must know," the note says,
"that General Wrangel's army no
longer exists, that their former
chiefs no longer have any orders to
give, that their decisions are entirely
free, and that their provisioning in
camps cannot be carried on any
Zinovieff. Alarmed by Unrest
In Petrograd, Appeals to Press
STOCKHOLM. April 17.?Reports of
further labor unrest in Fetrograd are
contained in advices reaching here.
These declare that, in consequence, M.
Zinovieff, the Governor, has written
to the newspapers in an effort to check
the growth of the movement.
There is some reason for dissatis?
faction on the part of the proletariat,
which during the war "forgot its own
troubles in trying to vanquish the foe,
but now is crying for boots, clothes and
food," M. Zinovieff is quoted as saying,
but he urges patience by the workers
owing to the poor economic conditions
till existing in the country .?,, i,
difficulties that heve been m-t w'th
the army demobilization.
Bolshevist Debt to Swi$9
Hin fier s Trade Aer?eme,
GENEVA, April 17.- g?vfe, p"
debt to Switzerland, according u'
tistics of the Swigs federal ?vera.?
amounts to 468,000,000 rubles i*
000,000 Swiss francs, 6 OOOjOOftfW
francs. 4,500.000 pounds ?terlhj- .!
3,000,000 marks. 8 *'
According to information here S*
zerland does not intend to ope? t,
mercial relations v.-:? h Russia
thm debt has been paid or guaran
has been given for its payment'.
A..E. F. Man's Painting
Believed Not a Ruben
T N111A N A POLI S. April 17,-HBeBO,
from Tulsa, Okla., that the fa^
painting by Rubens, the "Descent rV
the Cross," had been found in pot?
the Cross,' ,.
former member of the A.
inri -,:i rcVi -a znA if ?m n_
sion of a eorraer memDer of the /
F., who had purchased it in Germa'
t months aco for a j-t?i? ?,,-. ..
eight months ago for a snui I
inted here to-night by J. p. *
mison, a newspaper man, who recent
returned from Antwerp.
Mr Rrimiann <--,>A ha t
the < old him that
e of the German invasion t
"De cent From the Cross," togett
with many other valuable works o? ?
was hidden beneath the aitar of
church and was not found by the i
"The painting is still in Antwei
unless it has disa peared wi?iii ?'
last ihre" months," said Mr. Edtr.ison.
"OU can get
in quality and bien
ing value as that go<
mixer, Mouquin's no
alcoholic Italian V?
mouth. Made, hoi
err. for those who li
the French flavor b<
ter. It makes yo
"private stocks" 1;
Aik ??r Mouqum
traget ?Ji na^.e.
Imitations art unsal
Try our Sparkling Champommei
Reataurant & Wine Co.,
13? Prince SI
leuhonf : ^prlnc 5?
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writers in one!
USE Corona at the
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use it at home evenings.
It's easy to carry back
and forth! Weighs only
Rent a Corona tor a
month or two?initial pay?
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Also Two Brooklyn Stores:
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