Newspaper Page Text
Prices Up, Says
Associations Keeping Mem?
bers Advised of Another's
Schedules Also Aceused
bv Trade Commission
Stronger Laws Urged
Vider Distribution of In?
formation Regarding the
Market Conditions Asked
WASHINGTON, April" 17.?Legisla?
tion to eliminate unnecessary broker
?ce transactions, to facilitate a wide
distribution 0f information regarding
market conditions and to strengthen ;
?, powers of the Federal government ;
in its price investigations ?3 recom?
mended by the Federal Trade Commis- ,
sion in a report on the general indus?
trial situation, drawn up at the re- ?
ouest of President Harding and made
public to-night at the White House.
"Open price associations." which op?
erate within the ?aw to keep their re?
spective member? advised confiden?
tially of one another's price schedules,
are accused by the commission of con?
tributing to the maintenance of un?
duly high retail prices. It is suggested
?hat means must be found to reduce
teats of necessaries, such as fuel and j.
housing, before other commodities can \
come back to normal.
"It should be said," the report con
eludes, "that following the disordered :
condition of the world's affairs a ;
shrinkage in values is inevitable, and |
that normal conditions will be the ;
more quickly restored if the producer, :
the laborer, the manufacturer, the job- i
ber and the retailer will each share at 1
once in the unavoidable loss; and, ?
further, that any effort by any element j
to place its share of the common loss !
on the shoulders of others, and par?
ticularly on the consumer, can only re- '.
mit in a continuation of the conditions ;
under which the country is now suf- '
Increased Production Necessary
Declaring that the cost of commodities
to the consumer has not, broadly speak- '
ing, been reduced in proper proportion ?
to the decline in agricultural and other i
raw materials, the commission sets forth
its belief that "in general, it would ap- i
pear that the movement toward the re- ;
auction of prices to the consumer Is re- I
tarded chiefly at the retailing stage, and i
-hat relief at this point would be re
fleeted back1 in increased production,
which would reduce the production cost
and relieve to some extent at least the
check upon the manufacturer, and by
increasing the demand for raw materials ?
would react apon the producer.''
The report also takes note of the in?
fluence of foreign combinations of capi- !
tal in determining the price of such \
commodities as phosphate, tobacco and ;
?rrain, and adds that among domestic
combinations one of the newest and i
most widespread agencies for affecting:
markets is the "open jirice association."
"One of the purposes of these associ?
ations," the report continues, "nomi?
nally is to determine uniform cost ac- !
wonting methods and to steady the mar?
ket by furnishing the supply which it
?an readily absorb. These associations
?llect and publish for the benefit of
tiie.r members figures of production,
product i on costs, sales and sales prices
tnd orders and stocks, in pursuance of
a plan whereby the members of such
associations are to compete among them
lelves and with others with knowledge
st their own and their competitors' pro?
duction costs and prices, the available
mpplj and the demand.
Wider Distribution of Data
"Tie collection and public dissemi?
nation of such statistical data might
make the operation of such associa?
tions of benefit to the producer and j
the consumer alike, but unfortunately j
the tendency is here manifested to con- ?
tine the information to members and to
bring about uniform prices, and to j
maintain them at an artificially high i
level _ by curtailing production or sup- !
piy through action which tends strong- ?
ly toward uniformity because based
opon common information, but which
purports to lack the element of con
terted agreement characteristic of the
combinations forbidden by the Sher?
"A fundamental difficulty at the
present time lies in the fact that there
u no complete information available to
e:iy one with reference to the proper i
adjustment of manufacturers', whole- !
salera' and retailers' prices in any in- i
custry. When it becomes possible for ?
any fact-finding governmental body to
determine at any stage the cost which :
a commodity represents at that stage,
H cm be determined whether an ex
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I r."1* wanted column?. Phone your a*
Senate Pose Is Far Up Stage;
Mr. Common People Snubbed
Accessibility of Men Who Wear the Toga Only a
t Memory Since Screen of Secrecy Shuts
Off Famous Marble Room
Front The Tribune'? Washington Burea*
WASHINGTON, April 17.-Whi!e
President Harding and every other
agency of the government are trying to
popularize the Federal government and
?re throwing open every door to the
publ's, the Senate seems to be dodging
the common people. Intrenched with a
big Republican majority and feeling
secure for another quarter of a cen?
tury, those who wear the togas of this
government have suddenly developed a
touch-me-not disposition. Up until
November 2 thev were available in
every sense of the word to the hum?
blest of their constituents and gave
broadcast invitations to the votera of
their states to honor them with calls
when they came to Washington. But
now there is a vast difference and
affability has given way to the somber
ness of self-sustained statesmanship.
Since the opening of the extra ses?
sion a new veil of secrecy has been
thrown about the movements of the
Senator?. From time immemorial the
lobby back of the Senate chamber and
the room adjoining known as the Mar?
ble Room have been accessible to
callers on all Senators, and here the
Senators have visited with the men
who sent them to the Senate and
patched many a political fence.
Goal of Constituency
Every constituent of a Senator felt
that his cup of happiness was filled to
overSoT.-ing when he came to Washing?
ton and had a chat with his Senator
in the Marble Room, and when he got i
home he told his friends about the I
gracious reception and the courtesies !
extended by the man they had sent to j
Washington to be their Senator. This
year the; constituents are coming in
droves. The White House, for many
years closed to the people, is again
theirs and the executive departments
present a human attitude once more to
the men and women who make the ma- i
cessive charge is being placed thereon."
The general causes of price inequali?
ties and suggested remedies are
summed up as follows:
"Aside from the unfair methods of
competition with which we are daily
dealing, and aside from the important
elements of transportation and credit,
we are of the opinion that the follow?
ing are among the principal causea
and are indicative and not necessarily
exhaustive of the subject:
"First, the excessive price of many
basic commodities, prominent among
which is coal, which vitally affects the
cost of other commodities, to say noth
ing of the effect upon the health, com?
fort and upon the cost of living and
buying power of the people.
"Secondly, the existence of the typi?
cal corporate monopolies, and in dis?
tinction, agreements in violation of the
-nti-trust laws, illustrated in the latter
instance by the condition in another
basic commodity, to wit, lumber, which
was the subject of a recent report by
this commission to the Department of
Justice and upon which that depart
r. ent is now proceeding.
"Third, open price associations, in
many cases not yet challenged by the
iaw. yet tending to bring about and
maintain unduly high prices.
Interference by Distributors
"Fourth, interference with the chan- j
neis of trade by distributors' trade as?
sociations, particularly by activities
tending to maintain an unnecessary
number of inefficient 'recruiar' dealers,
vhile shutting out new dealers seeking
:o sell at lower prices, and especially
:o?perative purchasing and distribut?
ing organizations of consumers.
"Fifth, the conditions with respect to
foreign combinations in the interna?
tional market, to which reference has
already been made.
"Aside from the remedies which may
be afforded by improved transportation j
and credit facilities, we suggest con?
sideration of the following:
"1. The passage of a bill which will j
meet judicial objections to the author- ;
ity of this commission to continue its j
efforts to obtain and publish informa- ]
tion respecting the ownership, produc
;ion, distribution, cost, sales and profits !
in the basic industries more directly
affecting the necessities of life?shel?
ter, clothing, food and fuel?for the in?
formation of Congress and the promo?
tion of the public welfare.
Strengthen Anti-Trust Laws
"2. Vigorous prosecutions under the
mti-trust laws, including a reexamina- j
:ion cf the reviewable decrees already j
?ntered in such cases, with a view to :
strengthen them to meet present condi
tions, including also a closer scrutiny j
>f the so-called open price associations, !
:o ascertain whether, under the guise |
>f beneficial associations, they are in ;
'act violating the law. Examination of j
Association?, of distributors to deter- |
nine whether violations of law exist, |
particularly restrictions of cooperative ;
purchases, and whether any of the ac
uvities of such associations are not of j
"3. Positive encouragement of co
>perative associations of agricultural (
>roducers and of cooperative consum- ;
"4. The passage of measures aimed !
it the elimination of unnecessary recon
lignment and brokerage operations, in
luding also gambling in futures. Pyr
tmiding of reconsignments and of job- ;
>ing sales, while not possible in present?
narket conditions, was one of the
?aoses of the buyers' strikp, from which ?
ve now suffer, and may reappear when- j
?ver markets again become speculative. |
Conference of Trading Nations
"5. Calling a conference of official i
?epresentatives of the trading nations !
>f the world to consider the question of |
dearing the channels of international I
:rade so as to eliminate undesirable i
:ombinations and to promote fair com- j
"6. Protection of the farmer against'
he more closely organized elements with
vhich he has to deal, by extending Fed
:ral assistance in giving more adequate :
ind time'y information concerning for-1
ign and domestic market conditions and ?
n affording more ample and suitable ;
ocal market and storage facilities for
he serviceable conservation of perisha
ile farm products."
Vnastasia Will Undergo
New Operation in Paris
rhen She and Prince Christo?
pher May Come to America
to Make Permanent Home
ATHENS, April 17.--Princess Anas
asia, the former Mrs. William B.
-eeds, of New York, will be taken in i
i few weeks to the American Hospital
n Paris, where she will undergo an?
ther operation. Prince Christopher,
>er husband, will accompany her. The
'rench government has authorized M. j
ie Billy, the French Minister here, to i
is? the passports of the Prince and
?rinces?. If Great Britain does not
.bject Prince Christopher and Princess
inastasia will go to London after the
'rineess recovers, and afterward they
lerhaps will visit the United States.
Prince Christopher said that once
n the free atmosphere of the United
tates he would never return to
ireece. He is much perturbed over
ife in Athens and the uncertainty of
he military, political and dynastic
?Joritie? on Election Day. More people
? are coming to Washington than in any j
! Administration for twenty years and j
j most of them want to see their Sen- i
When they go to the Senate now they !
' find huge screens across the lobby be- j
i tween the Senate chamber and the i
! Marble Room. One cannot see oyer :
I these screens, for they are too tall, and
j on neither side is anything visible to '
j the naked eye. There is a two-inch
' crack between the bottom and the floor,
j and one can, by stooping low, see vari- '.
I ou? and assorted shoes moving back !
\ and forth across the tiled floor. But ;
? who can identify the shoes of his fa
Chase an Endless Ramble
The constituent's card comes back '
; from the page with the remark, "Sen
i ator Upstage is out." Then begins a ;
I merry-go-round for the constituent if j
j he is persistent. He goes to the Sen- ?
! ator'3 office in the $4.000,000 white i
! marble office building built by conetitu- !
1 ents' hard earned taxes and seeks him ;
j there. If the Senator is old in the ?
game and close to the Committee on j
Rules he may also have another office
in the Capitol Building itself, and the
constituent tries there. If the visitor '
can prolong his stay in Washington a ;
few days, and is willing to hotfoot it ?
around, he may one day catch up with
his Senator and get the warm welcome j
so long den'ed him.
Old-timers in Washington predict,
that the aloofness of the Senate will ;
not last, and that the screens will come :
down and the private stairways to the j
street and the subway connecting the !
Capitol with the Senate office building!
will be used little more than hereto- !
fore after some of the exclusive mem- ?
bers of the upper house begin to hear !
from the home folks, for, after all. a '
toga doesn't prevent its temporary ?
wearer from being human when he ?
wants to be.
(Continued from first page)
nomic viewpoint, I can say that the i
Jumping of this product in America !
will have a disastrous effect on Ameri- .
can labor, for while these productions !
are being shown the American product i
will be crowded out of theaters and no
work will be forthcoming for American
"I am not an expert, but I know that
photo-plays can be produced in Ger- |
many at a minimum of cost. Costs in j
this country are four or five times as
high. Performers and labor in Ger- j
many will work for almost nothing and
materials are cheap. We cannot dupli- j
cate their production and it is a con- ;
dition that Equity and the other organ- j
izations are viewing with disquietude, j
The matter has come up before the j
governing body of Equity and we are !
to enlist the other workers in the field j
and the manufacturers of materials in j
this country and see what can be done ;
to prevent the throttling of the In- <
dus try here. We will begin by trying j
to get the highest possible tariff on i
"A motion picture production is a
peculiar thing. One can of film can be i
imported at a nominal cost and from j
this many copies or prints can be made ;
and used here, crowding out the Ameri- j
can product and American workers."
Threat to Industry Denied
A commercial agency which rates
film industries and is the best barome?
ter of conditions in the field, issued
the following statement through an
"Any statement that German film is
threatening American workers is un?
true and will only serve to hurt the
industry. The industry in the United
States is suffering from a long period
of overproduction. There have not
been twelve successful importations in
five years. Foreign productions, a3 a
rule, are not suited to this market.
Conditions will naturally readjust
themselves and workers will return to
work as soon as the overproduction
is used up."
A dispatch from London to a trade j
journal, Wid's Daily, tends to support >
the statements of the labor leaders. It
reads in part:
"Adolph Zukor, the American film
producer, landed at Cherbourg and,!
went straight through to Berlin. We j
have it on highest authority that he
is purchasing a studio in Germany.
The result of his visit should make
highly interesting reading.
"Mr. Vogel, of First National Dis?
tributing Exchange, came over on the
same boat. Winneld R. Sheehan, of
the Fox Film Corporation, is also here,
as is Wiiiam Farnum, Fox Film player.
Jeffrey Bernerd, of StoU'3, and Colonel
Bromhead, of Gaumont, came from
the United States recently. What is '
the meaning of all this activity?"
U. S. Must Mend Poor
Diplomacy, Paris View !
Complicated Treaty - Making I
Machinery Amounts to Bad i
Manners, Says Midi Writer
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, April 17.?The ironic pen of
"Diplomat," in the Paris Midi, sets
forth the opinion to-day that now that
America has taken her place among the
great powers it is time she reformed
her treaty-making machinery. He
quotes Lord Bryce to the effect that
the necessity that the Senate ratify
treaties permits America to avoid un?
"It is not the custom of civilized
countries," says "Diplomat," "to evade ;
at the last minute agreements which '
they permit their representatives to i
negotiate. So long as America was ;
purely a colonial country she could !
with impunity employ diplomatic prac?
tices fitting to youthful society and
speak quite frankly of rudimentary
"Nobody ever blamed the Romans
for carrying off the Sabine women. It
is quite raturai that the Romans at
that time should have behaved like
brigands. But America to-day wants
to play a part in the world. Since
Roosevelt's time the United States has
adopted the airs of a great power, like i
the European powers. They . ought \
then to abandon their habits of enter?
ing salons in their shirtsleeves and
spitting on the floors. If they do not, I
they sooner or later will get into '
"Diplomat" concludes with the dec- ?
laration that some one should hang in j
Uncle Sam's bedroom the following |
notice after the style of the far West- ,
ern hotei: "Guests are asked to re- j
move their spurs before getting into
More Than 1001
Dead in Storm I
Remote Parts of Six States!
Swept by Tornadoes and'
Heavy Rain Are Cut Off!
and Their Loss Unknown i
Arkansas Chief Sufferer
Property Damage Runs Into i
Millions; Red Cross Called !
On ?o Assist Homeless !
MEMPHIS Trnn., April 17.?That the j
death list from tornadoes- and heavy ;
rainstorms which swept over six j
Southern states late Friday and Satur?
day will exceed 100 was indicated by j
reports coming from isolated sections ?
to-night. The loss to property and |
crops will run into millions of dollars. ;
Many of the storm-swept sections are j
still shut off from wire connections j
with the surrounding country. Reports ;
of additional casualties are slowly com- i
ing in from relief parties sent out to
the devastated regions.
The list of dead and injured, accord?
ing to reports available early to-night,
is as follows:
Texas?Avinger, six dead; Atlanta,
one, and probably three near O'Far- i
Arkansas?Pike County, one dead,
four perhaps fatally injured and j
twenty less seriously hurt. Yell I
County, one dead, two probably fatally i
injured and eight hurt less seriously.
Miller County, ten whites and seven
negroes dead and twenty-three seri?
ously injured, a number of whom are j
expected to die. Pope County, three ?
dead and a number seriously injured. '
Hempstead County, twenty whites and j
eight negroes dead and fourteen seri?
ously hurt, several perhaps fatally. !
When reports are received, from a num?
ber of sections hit by the storm which i
have not been heard from the number
of dead in Arkansas is expected-to ex- ;
Mississippi's List Lighter
Mississippi?Five dead at Steen, one
at Sontag one at Rural Hill and one j
killed in a railroad washout near Mo- j
Alabama?Five dead at Cave Springs, I
near Tuscumbia; five at Ralph, Tusca- I
loosa County; three at Sulligentz, La- '?
mar County, and one in Dallas County. ]
Torrential rains which followed the
wind in all the states have delayed re-I
lief work, and have, it is reported, it |
some cases prevented the compilation
of accurate lists of casualties.
In Arkansas, which was the hardest
hit, the Red Cross is at work in Hemp
stead and Miller counties, where hun?
dreds of families were made homeless.
Tents have been furnished by the Na?
tional Guard, and blankets and pro?
visions are being rushed to the suf?
The extent of property loss cannot
be determined for days. In Arkansas,
on many plantations in Miller and I
Hempstead counties, a rich farming j
section, practically every building was !
destroyed, newly planted crops washed !
out, orchards ruined, roads and bridges ?
badly damaged and telephone and tele- j
graph wires were almost all destroyed. '
Railroads in that section report tracks
washed out at many places. Farm- :
houses some distance from the direct |
path of the storm were heavily dam- '.
aged. Estimates made on the property :
loss in these two counties to-night
place the property and crop damage at J
more than $2,000,000. At Atlanta, ?
O'Farrell and Avinger, across the Ar-!
kansas line in Texas, many farmhouses !
and outbuildings were destroyed, and |
crops in these sections are almost a
Heavy Property Loss in Tennessee
Heavy property loss in Tennessee is
reported from Newport, Lynnville and
Connersville. In Shelby County alone
the County Commissioners to-^iight ;
estimated the loss to roads and |
bridges at $75,000.
In Mississippi, in addition to actual
loss from the high winds, much farm ,
land will be inundated by the rapidly ?
rising streams. Some railroads in
that state report tracks washed out
and damage to roadbeds by the un?
precedented rainfall . A report re?
ceived to-night from Amite County
says that ten farm houses were de?
stroyed by the storm and ten persons
injured, perhaps fatally.
In Georgia, where a heavy wind and
rain storm struck at Rome, the prop?
erty loss will exceed $200,000.
To Put Murphy
Man in Senate
(Continued from tint p?f?)
he tells him he will throw him out j
of the Legislature."
Early this morning, while the Senate ;
was still in session. The Tribune corre?
spondent asked Senator Katlin if he
would explain his remarks on the direct
Katlin said that he referred to Liv?
ingston, and continued:
"About a Weelc before the Senate j
voted on the traction bill Livingston
sent for me. I went to his office in the
Brooklyn Board of Elections. Living?
ston said to me: 'Y'ou want to vote for
Katlin said he replied:
"Nothing doing. The people of my
district are against it and I am in
Albany to do their will and not yours.
Anyway, it would be political suicide ;
for me to vote for traction."
Livingston, according to Katlin, then
"Then go down to defeat in that way :
if you wish, for if you dpn't vote for !
traction I will see that you are not re- i
nominated. Vote for it and be regu- !
Refuses to Support Bill
Katlin said that Livingston continued
to plead with him, but that he cut the j
interview short by saying:
"I shall not vote for the bill. I do
not intend to prostitute myself or mi
_ Katlin then continued: "The next'
time I met Jake Livingston was here in -
Albany in the Lieutenant-Governor's
ante-room. That was the day that the
Assembly was voting on the traction
bill. Livingston said to me:
" 'I will get even with you for not
doing what I told you. I will see that
you are th/own out of here.'
"I replied: 'If that is a threat you i
are wasting your breath. You can't i
frighten me.' "
It has been common gossip that |
Livingston and Ex-Senator Carroll and j
John H. McCooey. the Brooklyn Tarn- I
many leader, have conferred over the '
On the face of the returns Katlin
defeated Carroll for reelection by 350
votes. The ballot boxes have since
been kept in a police station. Carroll
is now trying to have the boxes re?
opened. Ratlin's fear is that the bal?
lots have been tampered with and that
a recount would not do him justice.
He is fighting the recount.
At full of surpris?? m m ChristmM
pudding 1? "Dream Street' " (Teleeraph).
Central Thee.tr? now?Advt.
Dr. Sawyer to "Pinch Hit" for
Harding at Banquet Table
President's Physician to Recome "Col. House" of
Administration, View of Washington Observers ;
Confesses Embarrassment to Army, Navy Men
From The Tribune's Washinoton Bureau
WASHINGTON, April 17. ? Dr.
Charles A. Sawyer, the Marion physi?
cian who has just been made a briga?
dier general and attached to the White
House staff as physician to President
Harding, is going to be a frequent
pinch-hitter for the President at ban?
quets and other functions, Washington
believes. The whole town is talking to?
day about the first speech made by the
General. It took piace at the . third
annual dinner of the Chemical Warfare
Service last night, and it was tfio hit
of the evening.
But the interesting point is not that
Dr. Sawyer demonstrated that he is a
real orator, combining a sonorous voice
surprising for his smalfness of frame,
real wit, diplomacy and punch, but that
he admitted, in so many words, that he
was by way of being a spokesman for
Talking to several hundred high army
and navy officers at this dinner, General
Sawyer admitted frankly that he had
been torn in mind to know how his sud?
den elevation to the rank of brigadier
general?"All my life trying to be a
doctor, and then a brigadier general in
eight days," was the way he put it?
would be taken by army and navy offi?
cers. He confessed that he had been
embarrassed with this thought, know?
ing "abler men" had not been given such
high rank. The General did not take
advantage, in his talk, of the point he
could have made that his appointment
Last Act of
(Continued from first pao?)
sion armed with drastic powers to deal
with the city's traction tangle and the :
creation of a state public service com- i
mission with jurisdiction over all :
public utilities except the New York
City traction lines.
Development of the state's water j
power by private capital under strict
The reorganization of the State In?
dustrial Commission through the aboli- |
don of the present five-headed commis- I
sion and creating in its place a state
'abor commissioner and an industrial
board cf three.
Enactment of a state dry law which \
enrolls New York among the states
which have joined hands with the Fed- i
eral government in the effort to en- ',
force the national prohibition amend- ,
Legislation paving the way for crea- '
tion of a New York-New Jersey port :
authority, which is to present a com?
prehensive port development program
to the legislatures of the two states.
The creation of a state Board of Es- :
t?mate and Control, which takes over ;
the budgei, making fuctions of the leg- !
islative finance committee:
The abolition of the state Narcotic
Control Commission, the state Bureau
of Elections, the strte Military Train-;
ing Commission and the reduction of
the number of port wardens of the
Port of New York and placing them on
a fee basis instead of salary;
The discontinuation of the publica?
tion of the session laws;
The consolidation of the state's tax
collection agencies in a new state Tax |
Commission assuming jurisdiction over ?
che gathering of taxes, the supervision ?
of which was heretofore vested with !
the Secretary of State and the State !
Insuring compensation to farmers
whose cattle have been killed by order '
of the Department of Agriculture be- j
cause they were infected with danger- ;
Relieving the state education de?
partment of the enforcement of the i
compulsory education law.
Amendments to the workmen's com?
pensation law, partially restoring the :
direct settlement clause.
Discontinuing the employment of :
most of the departmental counsel. The
work heretofore done by lawyers em- ',
ployed by the various state depart?
ment boards and bureaus is now to :
be performed by the Attorney General's
Two recommendations made by Gov- :
ernor Miller which did not pass the I
Legislature were the ones which would
give a Governor added powers under
the Moreland act by permitting the
Executive to investigate local officials
on his own initiative and his sugges
tion that a proposal be submitted to
the people relative to bond issues for
bridges over state canals.
The Governor abandoned the former
and did not insist upon the latter rec?
Practically every measure affecting
veterans of "the World War which had
been approved by the American Legion
was passed. The most important of I
these was the veterans' preference
I did not deprive any other officer of de?
served promotion, for the reason that
! it is a temporarily added place.
Having thus bared his fears to the
j very men whose scorn he had feared
j Dr. Sawyer proceeded to thank them
; warmly for the way he had been treat
? ed since he had donned the uniform.
He told the men interested in the use
, of gas and chemicals in war that he
i had been much impressed by the argu
i ments, and assured them that the com
? mander in chief?President Harding?
! would get a favorable report on the
1 whole situation.
i Whereat there was loud applause,
; that being just what the chemical war
! fare boosters had been hoping would
But what official Washington is in
. terested in to-night is not so much
i what General Sawyer will tell Mr. Har
i ding about the need of appropriations
and support for chemical warfare as
the intimation that the General is to be
; sent to various functions and meetings
as the President's personal representa?
tive, not only to relieve the President
of going to functions which, if he ac?
cepted all the invitations even that he
' would like to accept, would prove too
'> much for his physical endurance, but
also to make reports to the President
for his guidance.
General Sawyer, some observers here
are commenting, is going to have the
functions of Rear Admiral Grayson
and in addition will be the kind of per?
sonal representative in Washington
which Colonel House was abroad for
amendment to the state constitution,
which will be submitted to the voters
this fall Thv? money and machinery for
carrying out the mandate of last year's
referendum on the $45,000,000 bonus for
the World War veterans was created in
the M. L. Smith bill, now before the
The Ferris bill exempting from taxa?
tion all property purchased with pen?
sions and bonuses also was passed. The
letirement of veterans in the state
service on half pay, provided for in the
Blodget bill, also passed.
Graft Inquiry Board
To Be Selected To-day
Lusk and Machold Will ?Same
Members; Committee to Meet
Here and Organize April 25
From a Staff Correspondent
ALBANY, April 17.?The Senate and
Assembly leaders will meet here to?
morrow to decide on the personnel of
the New YorK City graft investigating
committee. Senator Clayton R. Lusk
and Speaker Machold, who will ap?
point the members, said to-night that
nothing had been decided upon as yet.
They expect ?? be able to agree on
the composition of the committee be?
fore to-morrow night. After the com?
mittee is appointed it will meet in
New York on April 25 to organize.
Sub-committees will be created and
these will spend a month in making
an investigation into the various de?
partments of the Hylan administra?
tion. This done, they will submit their
findings to the parent body, which
shortly after will begin to hold pub?
The committee has had $100,000 ap
priated for its work, and during its in?
vestigation it wiil turn over such mat?
ter as it deems of assistance to the
Charter Revision Commission, which
will revise the New York City charter
so as to reduce the future possibilities
of inefficiency, extravagance and cor?
The Charter Revision Commission
will not be appointed until later on in
the year, as it does not begin its work
until November 1. For its labor the
Legislature appropriated ?25,000. Each
commission will be composed of fifteen
members. The Governor is to appoint
eleven members of the charter com?
mittee. The other four, as fixed by the
Legislature, will be the Mayor, the
Comptroller, a Borough President and
a member of the Board of Aldermen.
The investigating committee, made
up of eight Assemblymen and seven
Senators, will try to obtain the serv?
ices of Elon R. Brown as chief counsel.
Chilean President Asks U. S.
Aid for Pan-American Harmony
SANTIAGO, Chile, April 17.?United
States Ambassador Shea tendered a
banquet at the embassy last night to
President Alessandri and a number of
prominent Chileans, in anticipation of
his departure for the United States on
May 3*for a vacation.
President Alessandri departed from
the custom of Presidents not to make
addresses at dinners, answering a cor?
dial address by Ambassador Shea with
the declaration that his administration
would foster every movement tending
to bring about harmony in Pan-Ameri?
can relations and solving pending prob?
lems according to law and the histor?
ical rights of parties. He appealed
for the aid of the United States, with
its high moral attitude, in accomplish?
ing this taste.
ff In a ^\
|[ new size ]1
10 cigarettes for 10 cts "
Handy and convenient; try
thern. Dealers now carry
both sizes ; 10 for 10 cts ;
20 for 20 cts.
y^ It's Toasted
Survey Will Be
First Task of
Data on Financial and
Physical Conditions at
O'Brien Ready to Fight
Unofficial Conferences Will
Be Held This Week by
Although the new Transit Commis
i sion, appointed by Governor Miller on
I Saturday under the terms of the
I Knight-Adler law, expects to be sworn
I in and installed in office by May 1, its
j first orders, designed to improve the
transportation situation, probably will
' not be issued until a month later,
George McAneny, chairman of the com
| mission, said yesterday that his con
; ferences with Leroy T. Harkness and
Major General John F. O'Ryan, the
; other members, to be held this week
will be unofficial in character.
One of the first acts of the commis?
sion, it is expected, will be to take up
. the work of formulating a survey of
; the physical status of every subway,
| elevated and surface line in the city.
i This work already has been accom?
plished in part by a committee appoint
; ed by the Merchants' Association. Act
' ing entirely on its own initiative, ?he
association more than a year ago had
j a transit survey made by a citizens'
' committee of which Charles E. Hughes
: was the head.
The result of the survey was the
'. gathering of statistics pertaining to
I ihe financial and physical condition ot
i all the lines. Recommendations were
. purposely omitted from the considera
j tion of the committee because it was
the intention of the association tc
'? gather only facts that could be used bj
j just such a commission as th<? Cover
? nor has appointed. The purpose was
| that if an official body were created
' there would be no long delays in gath?
ering necessary data. An official of tht
' association said yesterday that, al
i .hough its data cannot have any officia
standing, it will be placed at the dis
j posai of the commission whenevei
l called for.
Corporation Counsel O'Brien's office
i which has asserted that it will fighi
j every move made under the Knight
i Adler law on the ground that it ignores
i contracts made by the city with the
: transportation lines on a five-cent-fare
| basis, meantime is assuming a wait
j ing attitude. Mr. O'Brien and Senatoi
j Hiram W. Johnson, of California, em
I ployed by the Hylan administration tc
I fight the Governor's plans, have de
; clared that the city will attack the new
i law on the ground that it violates both
| the state and Federal constitutions. Mr,
? O'Brien has never indicated in just
. what way court action will be begun
: but it has been learned that Senatoi
j Johnson recommended as a first ster.
? that a taxpayer bring suit and that tht
i suit later be supported by the city.
"We take the view that this law was
| enacted with the primary purpose ol
j increasing fares,*' said Mr. O'Brien
| "We have never changed our view. Th<
very first step by the commission t<
abrogate the city's contracts whicl
guarantee the public a continued five
cent fare will meet with opposition ir
Shoots Man She Says
Defamed Her Daughter
Took Law in Own Hands When
; Officials Refused to Act on
Charge, Woman Declare??
From n Special Correspoi denl
GREENSBURG. Ind.. April 17.?"You
; have been talking about me and my
? daughter and I am going to kill you.'
After addressing these words to Patrick
I Darmody, twenty-five years old, this
I morning, Mrs. Cora Willey, wife of C.
S. Willey, an employee of the "Big
| Four" railroad, drew a revolver from
i her coat pocket and shot Darmody in
j the mouth. The bullet split Darmody's
lower jaw and lodged in his throat. He
I was taken to an Indianapolis hospital,
! and late this afternoon physcians there
! said he would die.
After the shooting, which took place
| in front of the home of Mrs. Dora Mc
? Ginn, Mrs. Willey's sister, Mrs. Willey
?went to the county jail, where she sur
| rendered to the Sheriff.
In her cell Mrs. Willey said that she
went to the county and city authorities
last Friday and asked that legal action
be taken against Darmodj, and another
; young man, who, she said, had been
| making slanderous remarks about her
I sixteen-year-old daughter.
"When the officials told me that no
criminal action could be taken, I de?
cided to take the law in my own hands,"
Mrs. Willey said.
In Collision of
One Near Death From Cra?h
at West Broadway an? i
Grand Street; Motorman.
Hurt, I* Under Arre?:
Police Fight Back Crowd
Noise of Smash and Cric
of Victims Draw Hun?
dreds to Wreck Scene
Nir? passengers were injured, one
: proh?bly fatally, when an eastbour!
; Gr*,iid Street surface car crashed into
j a northbound Sixth Avenue surfae
car at West Broadway and Gran
': Street yesterday. The noise of th
1 collision was audible for blocks, and
: the screams of the injured drew nun
i dreds of persons to the spot.
Henry Litman, thirty-one year? o>_
motorman of the Grand Street car, -
at St. Vincent Hospital under a:re.-t
' charged with felonious assault. He c
' said to have been injured internal":
1 when the vestibule struck the other
car amidships and telescoped, pinning
I him in the wreckage.
Fathers Thomas Roche and John
Dlag. of St. Alphonsus'Church, in West
Broadway, between Canal and Grane
streets, rendered assistance in ex
, tricating the injured and administer*-..
last rites to Vincent Bartone, thirty
' uve years old, of 238 High Street
? Brooklyn, who also was injured in
The side of the Sixth Avenue ca
?'a; smashed in and passengers ir. t? ;
; cars, both of which were crowded, were
thrown violently to the floor ani
?showered with broken glass. Pol;;.
I reserves were summoned from the
i Beach Street station, and in ?ess tha:
fifteen minutes four ambulances had
' arrived. The police had to fight bac.
a rapidly augmenting crowd while D:<
i Morgan and Tandy gave emergenc
j treatment to the more seriousiy I ir
Others taken to St. Vincent's Hi
pital were Sadie Goldsteiir, thirty-fou
: years old, of 6<> Second Avenue, suffei
ing from contusions, and Sarah Wein
I inger. thirty-six years old, of 501 Bay
, i onne Street, who suffered injuries t ?
, the right shoulder and arm.
Those sent home after being treate
! were Lorenzo Minci, thirty-four yeas
; old, 8122 Boulevard. Rockaway Beach
: Anna Savage, ten years old. 612 Harr;
! son Avenue, Jersey City; Joseph Zip
? gola, fifty years old. Ill ChrysJ.
! Street; Sam Feldman, forty-two yeai
! old, 670 Grand Street, Jersey Cit\ .
' Frank Gadda. thirty-nine years ou
i 547 East Twelfth Street.
The Sixth Avenue car. in charge ol
Motorman Georpe P. Childs, of 31'
i West 115th Street, is said to have bee1
! traveling at a low rate of speed, whi'.
: the Grand Street car was running verj
: fast. Traffic was delayed for mor>
I than an hour before the street wa*
Napoleon was very irregular
at his meals?it was impos
II sible to tell when he might
So his cooks found it neces?
sary, when a dinner was halt
i cooked, to commence pre*
; Yet, with all this attention,
Napoleon fared no better
; than the patrons at CHILDS,
! For thev, too, enjoy freshlv
prepared and freshly cooked
meals at all times of the dav.
For instance, corned beef hash
browned in the pen and topped
with a poached effs
(.?uarant.-n low cost pro!
State age in writing.
William S. Blizzard
115 Broadway. N. Y. Phone Rector 4427 j
^^K\ Saks ?> Company
//^""VVi Introduce the
j?fM . "Marleigh" \
)$*?*?^^ A NEW
?jv Ball Strap Brogue
i$S4v Oxford at 7.85
if ?l1i\M I ?^c smariest snoc f?r men anywhere.
hCvVJx ?0 ?e Seen' Grace^u^ Proportioned,
Jh^jA^} brogue cut, made in a custom like
M^^A ? manner ?f fine Scotch Grain Leather
//TV?^Pt\ m a rich shade of tan.
VV^ V^?# \ 0ne ?f '?enij; tiples m srncrf sWs
"\^2L f/, I ^or men featured for Spring at 7.85
4"^?M^ Fi/f ? Floor
rS^teLrf^-Cl Broadway at 34th Street 1
N ^^ -*,^lt _|l