Newspaper Page Text
Mm J?fftk 2fribmte
tint t? Laat?tfe? Truth: New??B41
atamamr a* th? Audit Buj-eav* ?t CUvnUUaac
SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1921
Owwo4 aw TSmm Tort TWt>nn? In?.. ? Now Tort
Osn??r?tt?o. Fubiuhed da?*. Ofdon lW<t rra?l
?tant: G. Yaraor Roper?. Ttcw~rr*sold?nt: Holen
Sop-or? ttotd. S**t?t*ry; B. B. Mullid. Troaaurer.
Addrwa. Trttxino Bv?Mtnt, 1?* Ni?? ?t?*??. Now
Tort. Ttia&wrim. Boetknian S?e?.
SCB.vnFtEPTION BATER~By ??il, tnalPdW?
Poota****?. TX TH* t'MTBD PTAT?SL
Ono St** On?
By Man. Bom?aid. tear Month? Month
?aUy and Sunday.?1?.M $???? H-??
Ono wook. 85e.
t>mMr onlj. ld.M ?8? .M
Oiio weok, SOe.
?und**? ?rty. ?.?? 2? ?*}
Band?-- ?iiy, Canada. ??9 3,JS M
B*fl? an? B*ndaj.$2*.?? ti*-?* *%_?
?ail* ?at*. ir.4i? ?re l.?
?uodty ?tfy. ?*5 ils ?*??
?htprpd ?t t*t? Peotnffloo at Now Tori m Spewed
CUs? Mtll Matt?.
Yon <?? purcha?? merchandlto advert!*?! in THC
THIBUNt with ab*?lut? ?afety??or It dlMatlttac
Hon mult? In ?ny o??o THE TRIBUNE outran.
Mm to day your monoy back upon roquMt. No roo
ta??. No ?ulbbllng. Wo aako (?*d promptly If
(no ?dvartlier do*? not
MKM??ER OF THB ASSOCIATED rBES??
Th? AjoodatM Pre?? U ?aelualTriy ?a titled to
?h? uoe for republtcatlon of all now? dbpatctita
erodited lo it or n? otherwlio credited in this
?paper, ??id alio tho local new? of ?p<>ntar.eous
otlfln published herein.
AU rieht? of ?publication mt all ?fhor matt?*
Per?m ai so ai? reaarrtd.
A Good Beginning
Ambassador Harvey appears to
have made an excellent beginning.
He has successfully endured the
ordeal, trying to an American repre?
sentative in Great Britain, of mak?
ing his first speech in a manner
satisfying to his hosts while not
opening him to mean Attack at home
as an Anglomaniac. As Brother
Watterson of Kentucky ie fond of
remarking, there is death upon the
upper road and "Injuns" on the low?
er when the American Ambassador
talks in London.
Mr. Harvey, who has not a neutral
oast of mind and whose thoughts
have a way of finding a way to his
tongue, did not seek safety by say?
ing nothing. He did not dissemble
his pleasure over the fact that spe?
cial bonds unite two great peoples
who speak a common language, who
inherit common traditions of liberty,
who can better fulfill their separate
mission by cooperation than by op?
position. Nor did he conceal his be?
lief, also the belief of his chief, that
in the main the two peoples see
world problems from the same angle
of vision, and that thus it is folly to
declare, when they agree, that one is
i'ollowing the policy of the other. All
of this, of course, was agreeable to
British ears, for it has been plain
for many years that the British peo?
ple are most desirous of the closest
possible relations with the people of
America, whom they naturally think
more like themselves than in fact
Then Mr. Harvey began to take
his hearers into his confidence. He
communicated to them his opinion
that Americans do not care to be
loudly saluted as altruists?that as
they distrust vauntings of idealism
by others, so they have humor
enough to feel uncomfortable when
told they are especially noble. They
prefer to have it understood that
what they do is born of a reasonable
sense of their own interest. This
country has vanity enough to be
willing to be a Roland, but fears
that as world crusader it would
appear as a Don Quixote mounted on
The picture painted of how the
contest over the league issue was
waged here was scarcely complete cr
accurate. For example, Mr. Har?
vey omitted mentioning that twice
President Harding when a Senator
voted for entry into the league, but
he was doubtless a good prophet
when he said that as things now are
there will be no entry. Indeed, it is
cabled that Mr. Harvey's hearers
laughed when he mentioned the
league. They were also fully aware
that as a peace preserver the league
is a failure; that it is not consulted
when arise ticklish questions, such
as the Silesian one. So it may be
assumed that few British feelings
have been hurt by our absence from
Geneva. American representatives
are to sit in the determining coun?
cils. This is properly deemed of
more practical consequence than
membership in the league.
Ambassador Harvey promises to
confound his critics in this country
by being a success. This, of course,
is vastly irritating to them, but they
have no recourse but to endure their
During 1919 and 1920 New York
witnessed the greatest decline in tu?
berculosis during the city's history
th? death rate for 1920 being 32 per
cent less than in 1918. And now for
1921 there is an even more favor
The New York Tuberculosis Asso?
ciation reports for the first four
months of the current year a de?
crease of 11 per cent in number of
pulmonary cases from the same
months last year. Up to May 1 the
number of living cases registered in
the city since January 1 was 4,375,
against 4,941 a year ago.
Progress is slow. The only road
to the final extinction of the disease
is the hard one of keeping everlast?
ingly at preventive measures. And
these cannot be made 100 per cent
effective by the labors of doctors and !
V;ttrses, valuable as they are. The
oublie must cooperate, and to this
pnd must be educated. Every one
must know that few contract tu?
berculosis by accident. The malady
can be stamped out?made as rare
as smallpox or yellow fever.
The Italian Elections
The Italian elections seem to in?
sure Giolitti's continuance in power.
The coalition ha? won 221 soats.
Other party groups control 314 seats.
But these latter groups are incapable
of uniting, since they represent, the
most diverse shades of opinion. The
Fascisti, the new organization which
has been putting down Leninist and
ultra-Red agitation with a strong
hand, elec_ed twenty-eight Deputies.
The Nitti party has almost disap?
peared and the Socialist representa?
tion in the Chamber has been greatly
Italy is fast turning back to so?
briety and the work of peace restora?
tion. The communistic spirit which
flared up last fall and winter in the
cities of the north has been chas?
tened. L?nine admits that Italy is
now barren ground for propaganda
in behalf of the Moscow Interna?
The Italian people have reacted,
apparently, from the unrest which
followed the war. Italy's status in
Europe has been greatly improved.
The Hapsburg Empire has disap?
peared. Germany is a ticket-of
leave state, and may remain one for
many years. Turkey has vanished.
Russia is in eclipse. Italy thus
moves up unchallenged to third place
in the European hierarchy. It is
for her people to consolidate their
gains and prepare for the future.
Even before the war Italy had
overcome to a large extent the evil
effects of the isolation imposed on
her by her unnatural alliance with
Austria - Hungary and Germany.
Now she has a free hand. Her peo?
ple are still strongly nationalistic.
They are ambitious to push forward.
This it is within their power to do,
given continued stability at home
and a sound foreign policy.
Has a horrid reform spirit descend?
ed upon Hi74?cmer? It is rumored
that the superfluous among the city
employees are to be dropped?that
department heads have been asked
to list those eligible for retirement.
It is even hinted that the men who
are not giving the municipality a
full day's work for a full day's pay
may have to leave.
Of course, it must be only a coin?
cidence that this follows closely upon
the seizure by the Meyer investigat?
ing committee of certain records
said to pertain to the personnel of
some of the departments. We have
it on the authority of the city lead?
ers that there is nothing to hide and
that the administration leaves noth?
ing to be desired.
Can it be that Hizzoner has secret?
ly become a member of the Citizens
Union or some other nefarious or?
ganization devoted to efficiency, econ?
omy and the like?
The Dawn of a Policy
Slowly a national foreign policy
seems to be taking form?indistinct
as yet, but growing in definiteness.
This ; policy is based not on fine
phrases but on recognition of facts.
In place of attempting to fit a ruffled
world to a paper policy, economic
and material realities are being
given due weight and a policy fitted
The practical experience of Mr.
Hoover seems to have reached the
same conclusions arrived at by the
clear thinking of Mr. Hughes. Eco?
nomic factors underlie and affect
political and moral ones. Produc?
tion, transportation and exchange
are at the basis of national relations.
The nations struggle for the eco?
nomic interdependence without which
political independence tends to be?
come barren. International policies
relate more and more to trade?to
new lands to exploit, to new markets
for manufactured wares, to protec?
tive tariffs and discriminatory regu?
lations. In this manner material fac?
tors permeate international policies
to a degree unknown jn national af?
In his approach to world problems
Secretary Hughes recognizes the
importance of economic forces. His
attitude toward the reparations
question presupposes that our own
prosperity rests upon the re?stab
lishment of economic stability in Eu?
rope. He has made it clear that
although each nation must meet its
responsibilities squarely there must
be international cooperation and ac?
ceptance of common standards if
great troubles are to be avoided.
The same idea was expressed by Mr.
Hoover in his defense of the "open
door" policy in world trade. Any?
thing else is dangerous. He pointed
out that although America has al?
ways stood for the open door and
wished to continue to do so she
could not follow it unless others did.
"This is, indeed, not a threat," said
the Secretary of Commerce, "nor is
it an announcement of a national
policy. It is a plea that the world
should 'stop, look and listen,' for if
the day comes when the United
States, with her gigantic resources
and the intelligence of her people,
shall be forced to enter upon these
courses [those of others] in her own
protection it will be a day of infinite
losses to real progress and real lib?
Messrs. Hughes and Hoover are in
accord. Both are idealists, but both
are also realists and know that any
one mocks an ideal who serves it in
impractical ways. Their method of
attack is sound. Instead of grasping
for an impossible perfection, they
would lay, stone by stone, those sound
economic foundations on which alone
a better world can be built.
How White Became ? Justice
Little has been said about the cu?
rious political impasso which made
possible Justice White's appointment
to tho Supremo Court Mr. White
was elected United States Senator
from Louisiana, to succeed James B.
Eustis, and took his seat on March
4, 1891. He soon won h!a way to tho
front on tho Democratic side as a
forceful speaker and a man of posi?
tive opinions and high character.
President Cleveland's second term
began on March 4, 1893. There was
an extra session to force through a
repeal of the silver purchase clauses
of the Sherman act of 1890. At the.
regular session the Democratic ma?
jority in Congress proceeded to re?
peal the McKinley tariff law and sub
.-titute the Wilson tariff law. The
McKinley tariff law had abolished the
duty on sugar and granted a subsidy
to domestic producers. The Demo?
crats in the House, under William L.
Wilson's leadership, struck off the
bounty, but refused to restore a
Senator White therefore became
allied with the Gorman-Brice group
in the Senate, who opposed the Wil?
son bill and sought to reimpose
duties on sugar, coal, iron ore and
other products, which the House had
put on the free list. His standing at
home and in the Senate made it dif?
ficult to sustain against him the
charges of party disloyalty and per?
sonal intrigue which the Democratic,
radicals were bringing against Gor?
man, Brice and the others?often re?
ferred to as "the Senators from
Havemeyer." So far as Louisiana
' was concerned, ex-Secretary Whit
| ney, who conducted Mr. Cleveland's
third campaign, had promised Sena?
tor Gibson prior to the 1892 election
that if Mr. Cleveland were elected
the Louisiana sugar interests would
be taken care of.
David B. Hill and Edward Mur?
phy jr. were the Senators from New
York. They were anti-Cleveland
and cooperated with Gorman. Asso?
ciate Justice Samuel Blatchford had
died in July, 1893. Mr. Cleveland
was anxious to have a New Yorker
fill the vacant seat. He first nom?
inated William B. Hornblower. But
Hornblower was Hill's political and
personal enemy. The Senate Judi?
ciary Committee sustained Hill when
the latter vetoed confirmation. Then
Mr. Cleveland sent in the name of
Wheeler H. Peckham. He was
equally obnoxious to Hill, and the
Senate was equally unwilling to con?
firm him. The deadlock over these
nominations lasted many weeks and
stirred up violent factional ani?
Mr. Cleveland saw that he was
beaten and decided to retreat. He
sought, however, to weaken the Sen?
ate opposition to the Wilson tariff
bill by ending the judicial contro?
versy and at the same time by trans?
ferring to another sphere one of th<
most commanding figures in the anti
Wilson bill group. The Louisiana
Senator was summoned to the White
House. He is said to have remarked
at the time that it would probably
be his last visit there during the
Cleveland Administration. To his
utter astonishment Mr. Cleveland
offered him the associate justiceship.
Mr. White was confirmed at once
and resigned. His place was taken
by Newton C. Blanchard, who con?
tinued to act with the Gorman "re?
visionists." But Mr. White through
his assumption of the judicial robes
at least escaped the bombastic vi?
tuperation of the President's subse?
quent letter to Representative Catch
ings. Presumably he was not in?
tended to be included among the
malefactors who, as the President
lamented, had "blasted the councils
of the brave in their hour of might."
A Great Profession
Forty years in the nursing profes?
sion is the record of Miss Anna C.
Maxwell, now about to retire as head
of the School of Nursing of the
Presbyterian Hospital. Here has
been a noble career, a life of rich
unselfishness, a blessed chance to
help in establishing on a firm foun?
dation a new and great profession.
Thirty years ago, when Miss Max?
well began her labors, a prejudice
against the trained nurse existed
which now seems amazing. It was
feared nurses would make hospital
work an excuse to get into medicine
and to usurp the duties of physi?
cians. "We were constantly told,v
says Miss Maxwell, "that a little
knowledge was a dangerous thing."
Nurses were kept in ignorance of
the character and object of the
treatments they had to administer.
The professional jealousy was un?
founded, however, for, as Miss Max?
well observes, very few women left
nursing to take up medicine.
Among other training hardships
of the early days were distressingly
long hours, heavy labor incident to
the absence of elevators and stretch?
ers, and the performance of much of
the work now done by porters. Some
of these obstacles still stand in the
way of progress, although modified.
The eight-hour day, better educa?
tional facilities and better provisions
among student nurses for recrea?
tion and living are among the rec?
ommendations of Miss Maxwell.
There is need for their adoption.
Tho number of women entering the
hospital nursing schools has de?
creased alarmingly. This fact was
brought to public attention during
the influenza epidemic two years
ago, when the shortage of graduate
nurses was keenly felt. The almost
total disappearance of tho old-fash?
ioned practical nurse makes tho de?
crease in the number of trained
nurses of immediate concern. The
ever - increasing opportun. ! 3 for
women, with comfortable hours,
good pay and no so-called menial
duties, must be counterpoised. It is
not enough to rely on the Rentiment
and relief instincts of women. The
advice of a woman whoso experience
gives authority to her words may
well be heeded.
To do this is not to ignore the
fact that service and opportunities
for service are in the. future, as in
the past, to be the principal attrac?
tion, or to fail to recognize that nurs?
ing is the most altruistic of profes?
Convicted of smuggling money out
of Germany, tho former Prince Eitel
Friedrich Hohenzollern was fined
5,000 marks ($100) by a merciful
The public prosecutor asked that
tho smuggled sums be confiscated
and the fine be 15,000 marks, but the
judge held this was too much. The
defendant, he said, wished to protect
his family against starvation, rather
than to defraud the government. So
the fine was reduced and the capital
That the Kaiser's son was brought
to court is an encouraging sign, even
though he was not required to sit in
tho defendant's box. The German
heart still loves a prince, even
though a scurvy one. But the old
order changes bit by bit. Perhaps
Germany will yet force Bavaria to
disarm and actually make the first
Supreme Court Decision on a Section
of the Eighteenth Amendment
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Kindly permit a word in cor?
rection of a statement in tho communi?
cation signed "I. H. B.," which
appeared in The Tribune of May 17,
discussing your editorial "Paradoxical
New Jersey." Your correspondent ar?
rives at a correct conclusion, but
makes the following incorrect state?
ment: "The Supreme Court decided
that the first section of the Eighteenth
Amendment, the prohibition one, was
constitutional; but the second section,
as to concurrent power, was unconsti?
This statement regarding the second
section is incorrect. The second sec?
tion of the prohibition amendment
reads as follows:
"The Congress and the several states
shall have, concurrent power to en?
force this article by appropriate legis?
This section is as much a part of
t' ? Constitution as "is the first, or
uhibition, section, and your corre
pondent is misinformed as to the Su?
preme Court action regarding the
same. 1 quote as follows from the
unanimous decision of the Supreme
Court, Sections 7 and 8:
"7. The second section of the
amendment?the one declaring 'The
Congress and the several states shall
have concurrent power to enforce this
article by appropriate legislation'?
does not enable Congress or the sev?
eral states to defeat or thwart the pro?
hibition, but only to enforce it by ap?
"8. The words 'concurrent power' in
that section do not mean joint power,
or require that legislation thereunder
by Congress, to be effective, shall be
approved or sanctioned by the several
states or any of them; nor do they
mean that the power to enforce is
divided between Congress and the
several states along the lines which
separate or distinguish foreign and in?
terstate commerce from intrastate af?
Jersey City, N. J., May 19, 1921.
A Berkshire Savant
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In all the discussions which
Mr. Edison's questions have caused I
have seen nothing from the "back
I am sojourning among the Berk?
shire Hills, but The Tribune brings u_
daily news from the outside world. We
are dependent, upon the town automo?
bile, somewhat in the line of a taxi.
The driver is a genuine native, with
only the most ordinary district school?
We gave him the questions and a
half hour to look them over, whjle
waiting for us at the door.
Of seventy-seven questions he
answered fifty-six at once, and half of
several others. For instance, he knew
who Cleopatra was, but not how she
died. He knew two of the principal
alkalis. When I asked, Why does Edi?
son give B?jch a question? he gave a
To be sure I am only a woman, but
I have had a "liberal education." How
was this unschooled man able to
answer more of the questions than I?
Because he has read some and
thought much, has kept his eyes and
ears open, has common sense and a
most retentive memory. It's a great
benefaction to make men like this
put into words what have been only
vague ideas and to give a reason for
doing so. I sincerely hope Mr. Edison
will keep it up and that The Tribun?
will pass the questions along.
E. M. D.
Great Barrington, Mas?., May 18
The Conning Tower
Youth, the delicate, i? dead;
My feeble feet are ?hod will? lead;
My Jeeth are black, my hair is white,
I ?leep by day?but not by night ;
My body ?hsver? in the ?un ;
Pink lemonade my vein? do run.
Farewell, gay song? to gayer girls,
I mu?t forsake them giddy whirls
Of yeiteryear; tho joy? I knew
In tho?e day? always went for two ;
Now lonelier comfort? ?ervc instead
My open fire, my wine?and bed.
And on my neck I feel the breath
(Not of the well-belov'd!)?of death.
LEE WILSON DODD.
. he s> emed to feel that, liko
tin Caucasian in tho Jinglo, the nativo
American stock was "played out."?The
That jingle of Bret llarte's was
written in the sonorous and dignified
meter of Swinburne'? "Atalarta in
Calydon." What doe? Tho Freeman aik
I of a poet to graduate him from the
? jingle .ichool?
Calling anything that isn't a ponder?
ous piece of prosody a jingle is as
I typical of the reviewer's attitude as
it is revelatory. Humorous verse, light
verse, must be referred to as jingles,
or "amusing of its kind," or "good of
the sort." i_,
What this sort of critic says to him?
self when ho?consciously or* otherwise
?patronizes humorous writing Is,
"Anybody, including, of course, myself,
v/ho wanted to take a few seconds off
some afternoon could write light and
THE DIARY OF OUR OWN SAMUEL PEPYS
May 18?All day at my office, and in
the evening to a dinner given to Mis
I tress Virginia Roderick, and I sat be
? tween Mistress Train and Mistress Ada
Street, very pleasant it was, too. So
home, coughing overmuch, and to-bed.
19?To the office, and R. Hayes come
to luncheon, and Mabel, too; and H.
Miller. So to my task of scrivening,
but with no fervor soever.
20?Early up, and tried to make my
nephew Allan take a cold bath, but to
no avail. So to the office, and L. Unter
| meyer the critick come for luncheon,
j and so at my desk till evening, and
took Allan and my sister Evelyn to
the train, and home, weary, and to-bed.
Although we may be the first, we
should be the last to suggest that
Colonel George Harvey is doing his
best for the cable companies. "I came
to the Court of St. James's," he said in
part, "utterly destitute of the tradi?
tional weapons of diplomacy, but fully
equipped with the ;ame candor, ;rank
ness, straightforwardness, sincerity and
consideration which have character?
ized," etc. Plain "candor" would have
saved the A. P. a pretty penny on cable
When Fond Recollection I
Sir: Just before that song book was I
given us?the one that had "Swallow,
Dear Swallow" in it?we had another
that was blue, and in it was a song
Beside a blue lake there was roaming
An eager young boy, all intent on his
Some complications with water lilies
ensued, and the last two lines were
"Stay, stay," cried his mother, but noth?
ing could save;
He sank and was lost in< a watery grave.
Near the schoolhouse lived a woman ;
who used to sing for me "Empty is I
the cradle, baby's gone," but the best
song of all was one that the washer?
woman's daughter, who wore a large
string of blue Roman pearls, would
Mother, dear, come bathe my forehead,
For I'm growing very weak.
Let one little drop of water
Trickle dovrn my pallid cheek.
Mother, tell my little playmates
That I never more shall play,
Give them all my toys, but, Mother,
Put my little shoes away!
The very thought of that song brings
back the taste of flat white hearts of
chewing wax?and spruce gum The
chewing wax hearts each had a picture
of pink roses pasted on them and the
spruco gum came in hunks and adhered
violently to the teeth. A. St. L, E.
We wonder whether all the youn-r
men who would rather expire than be
observed at large after May 15 without
straw hats are going to have the same
punctiliousness about promissory notes.
Wild, Wild Thoughts
I'm wild, like the modest violet
That hides neath its leaf of green;
I'm wild, like the bud of the blue bell
That blushes almost unseen;
I'm wild, like the palest primrose:
Or the crocus blooming low;
I'm wild, like the pink arbutus
Trailing beneath the snow.
I'm wild, like ail things at springtime,
A cosmic vernal sinner;
I'm wild, I freely confess it,
To attend the Contribs* next dinner.
There is an athaletic young photog?
rapher's salesman who comes to the
office every night vending pictures of
The Automobile Borrowers
You low-down thief!
Please to bring back
My Ninetee.i Twenty
Cadillac. E. H, L.
That enterprising firm of uplifters,
Connelly and Woollcott, have added
two departments to their shop. The f
signs are "Paths Narrowed and
Straightened" and "Twigs Bent "
It is G. E. V. Q.'s notion to open a
cleaning establishment, the sign being
"Damned Spots Outed."
Our new commercial motto is to be
Morali Pointed and Tale? Adorned.
t F. P. A.
& Heywood Broun
Controversy isn't what, It used to be.
i Last week wo wrote two pieces which
j we hoped would bo provocative. One
I waa about Yale football, and there was
a day when stirring up undergraduate?
and alumni was the idmplest trick in
the world, but this timo thero was
| hardly a murmur of protest. Perhaps
(here is something in that theory ad?
vanced by some scientist or other that
the soil of Connecticut has grown so
debilitated from constant usage that
there is no longer any kick in the
vegetables of the Nutmeg State. Cer?
tainly, Yale mvn don't resent things as
they did once upon c. time. Of course,
it may well have been that there wasn't
much kick to our piece, but then in the
old days the sonjs of Eli could be
roused to fury by even the feeblest
raillery. We can testify to that. Maybe
it isn't the vegetables. Judging by the
altogether convincing picture of Yale
drawn by Meade Minnigerode in The
Big Year, a softer note than was
known years ago has crept into under?
graduate life. Take, for instanco, the
touching little scene Sn which Curly
Corliss, the captain of the Yale foot?
ball team, and his roommate are re?
vealed in the act of retiring for the
"Angel" ? . .
"Yeah," very sleepily.
"They all seem to get over It!"
"The fellers who have graduated,"
Curly explained. "I guess they all feel
pretty poor when they leave, but they
get over it right away. It's just like
changing into a new suit, I expect."
"Yeah, I guess so.'' . , .
"Well, gob' night, little feller." . . .
"Goo' night, Teddy." . .. .
We could wish Mr. Minnigerode had
been a little more explicit and had told
us who tucked them in.
And again we noted with some sur?
"Oh, Bill Sanders!" the chairman of
The News would ca'! up the crew cap?
tain?something important, no doubt ?
yes, very important. "Throw me down
the keys to my skates, will you!"
Fortunately, one field of criticism is
still left to the newspaper man who
finds it a privilege to receive a sufficient
number of protests from readers to
lighten his own work of writing. He
can't get them out of Yale, but it is
still possible, we find, to stir up a
considerable controversy almost any
time by suggesting that one baby is
about as good as another.
"Of course there :.s nothing original
about saying that a child is not a per?
son until he reaches the age of two,'
writes Jane Baris. "I've heard the re?
mark made so often by members of the
talkative sex (each time with an air oi
conscious profundity) that it almost
ranks with the one about never touch?
ing coffee at night or the one about
making a good score if he hadn't had
bad luck with his putting. Mere wom?
an soon learns to place it under the
heading, 'Masculine Remarks Which
May as Well Be Allowed to Pass With
a Smile.' . . . Now, what you mean
of course, is not that the child has nc
personality until he is two years old
but that you are unable to realize hif
personality until he has learned to con?
vey it to you through the medium ot
the spoken word. TV.e cold, hare
physiological fact is, of course, that a
human being is a distinct and unique
person from the instant of conception.
Personality is not a sudden occurrence,
but a development of traits already
existing before the child is born.
"I have two children myself, neither
one of whom has yet attained ti?*, ar?
ticulate ago of two. Both have, borvcver,
very vigorous personalities, which ha?.e
been increasingly evident to mo since, to
put it conservatively, they were three
months old. The elder one is sensi?
tive, high strung, hot tempered, imagi?
native, keenly observant, of an analyti?
cal turn of mind, stubborn as a mule,
fond of music and books. He in shy
and show., off badly, but his curiosity
and interest make him a fascinating
companion, and he expresses an as?
tonishing variety of ideas by means of
some ten words and a sign languago of
"His sister is placid, contented, so?
ciable, affectionate, docile and lovable,
with a keen sense of humor. All the
feminine members of my family can
distinguish their individual traits?and
ao can even their father, with a little
assistance. So don't despair?persevere,
and with careful study you may bring
your age limit down a bit. Perhaps
before H. 3d attracted your attention
you found children rather dull at ?n
even more advanced age? than two. I
have heard the theory advanced that
all small boys should be buried up to
the neck and fed with a shovel until
they are fifteen years old.
"As for all new babies looking alike!
How many have you observed with
scientific accuracy? Frequent a ma?
ternity hospital and study a few thou?
sand if you wish to have light shed
upon this point. Personally I should
not need any name necktie to identify
my offspring at a glance. Both of them
reproduced the features of their father
with a startling but far from flatter?
ing accuracy. He would not be hand?
some bright red and entirely bald.
"I prefer my own babies, thank you!
That's one reason why I married my
As a matter of fact, New Haven was
not entirely silent- "Heywood, very
alias 'Professor,' Broun," writes Cam?
pus, "how about parking that joke on
the Yaleses calling their yard a campus
with the dinosaurus in the National
Museum at Washington? If ever a
weak wheeze was hoary with honorable
antiquity that is it. If you must laugh
a throaty Harvard laugh, at least
s.ek probable cause. We think per?
sonally you're trying to laugh off the
cinders the Yale track team so bounti?
fully cast over old John Flat 'A' at a
recent Boston calamity. Incidentally,
after reading your little literary ex?
periments for some few years we are
yet waiting for you to write a review
of a story you've finished reading. High
faith is ours. Ye are confident that
some day, somehow, you will do it, and
when you finally reach the empyrean
height we will reward you with a seat
at the Yale-Harvard baseball game,
where you can flat your 'A's* and drop
your 'rV with your brethren in a boot?
less attempt to keep Yale's hitters from
an exhibition which promises to be
Well, we have read Booth Tarking
ton's Alice Adams all through and re?
viewed it, io, in Sunday's Tribune.
We will watch for those seats.
Hay ti s Aid to Bolivar
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The whole Haytian question
might be viewed in a new light by the
American people, especially the people
of New York City, if there was general
knowledge of an almost unknown inci?
dent in the history of democracy on
tho Western Continent,
The President of the United States
recently unveiled in this city a monu?
ment to Simon Bolivar. This ceremony
placed before the larger American pub?
lic the knowledge that Simon Bolivar
is regarded in South America in the
same way that George Washington is
regarded in North America. But per?
haps none of that larger public knows
that it was the Republic of Hayti that
helped to make it possible for Bolivar
to establish democracy on the conti?
nent south of us.
Hayti was the second American re?
public. Following the United States, it
achieved its independence in 1804.
At the end of December, 1815, Boli?
var, hard pressed by the Spaniards,
took refuge in Hayti and asked for aid.
The embarrassing circumstances under
which the Haytian Republic found
itself did not prevent President Petion
from extending all the help possible,
not only to Bolivar but to the sailors
of his fleet and to the Venezuelan
families who were refugees with him.
He furnished Bolivar 4,000 rifles, pow?
der, cartridges, provisions and even a
printing press, and authorized Haytian
citizens to joiA Bolivar in his return
The only request that President Pe?
tion made of Bolivar in return for his
assistance was that the great Venezue
The Noblest Anthem
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have read with interest the
letter of Douglas Wise in reference
to the legalization of "The Star
Spangled Banner" as " the national
anthem. I have had the privilege of
being in America since the great war.
Being a singer, I have sung most of
the national hymns of the world and
studied those that are not sung, con?
sidering music one of the greatest
religious, political and emotional
forces of humanity. "The Battle
Hymn of the Republic" seems to me
the most truly spiritual document in
existence; also it seems to impart as
only a truly spiritual inspiration
could the great vision of America, the
vision which has called uncountable
weary souls to the bosom of Liberty.
? have translated the words of the
Battle Hymn, words which have in?
deed "heeome flesh," into many Ian
i Ian would issue a proclamation abol
? ishing slavery.
After leaving Hayti on April 10, 1816,
i Bolivar landed at Carupano, on the
? coast of South America, on May 31. On
j July 10 he was defeated by the Spanish
| commander, Morales, and he again fled
to Hayti. Petion once more gave him
j sympathy and assistance and furnished
him with supplies of arms, ammunition
I and provisions. On the 26th of Decem?
ber of the same year Bolivar left Hayti
with a new expedition and succeeded
in overthrowing Spanish rule in the
northern part of South America, Just
before leaving on his last expedition
j he wrote the following letter to Gen
! eral Marion, the Haytian commandant
? of the arrondissement of Cayes:
"General: On the point of starting
with a view to return to my country
and strengthen its independence, I feel
that it would be ungrateful of me were
I to miss this opportunity of thanking
you for all your kindness to my coun?
trymen. If men are bound by the
favors they have received, be sure, gen?
eral, that my countrymen and myself
will forever love the Haytian people
and th worthy rulers who make them
There stands in Caracas, the home of
Bolivar and the capital of the republi;
of Venezuela, a monument erected to
Petion, President of Hayti, as a trib- j
ute to his memory from the Venezuo- '
Ian people. During the time I was
United States Consul stationed in
Venezuela I often saw this statue *.n_ I
noted its significance.
JAMES WELDON JOHNSON.
New York, May 18, 1921.
guages. In each case their beauty
seems to deepen with pregnant, spirit?
ual meaning. In the present time o'
strife, when unity is the only goal
could the world be given anything
greater, more hopeful or dignified
?han ''He is rifting out the hearts of
men"? NAARDYN LYSIS*'?..
New York, May 19, 1921.
(From The Columbia State)
A Maryland historian has been ac?
cused of "unadulterated fraud" be?
cause he discovered the headquarters
of Washington in a log cabin and in?
vited General Pershii;g to dedicate it.
Dear me, if these things are going to
be so severely looked into, what will
become of all the historical societies,
museums of antiques and heirloom
hounds? If Washington didn't have his
headquarters there, he had them some?
where, ?co why not l^t it ?o at that?
From Mary MacSwincy
Protesting Against art Editorial oB
"Sinn Fein Terror"
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In common justice I must Mi
you to permit me space to proteo
against the tenor of the editorial i
your issue of May 18, entitled ?gjj
Why a newspaper of the Unit?* State*
should act as an apologist for the out?
rageous campaign of tyranny ni
atrocities carried on by England i
Ireland at present it would be hit*
for any one to understand who wag no
well acquainted with the clever, insid-*
oua and powerful propaganda so cor"
tinuoujly employed by England
"Efficiently organized propaganda
Bhould mobilize the press, the church,
the stage and the cinema," says Lore
Northcliffe; and Sir Gilbert Parker
one of those specially deputed for
British propaganda in the Uni'ed
States?tells how they "advise and
stimulate many persons to write ar?
ticles." How effectively the English
point of view is given to the Americas
press and the Irish point of view sup
pressed is evidenced from the fact th?
impartial American press men haye
been ordered out of Ireland, and when
court martial trials revea] the *??-.
bridled violence, murder, rape and
looting carried on by English soldiers,
the press mon are forbidden to publish
any details, or the courts are held in
You say "there is a moral difference
between Sinn Fein outrag*??? and Brit
i-*h reprisals," and you imply that the
morality is on the side of Britain bT
making the "British punitive demon?
stration" say "Quit murdering our men
or we will burn down more of your
houses": and the "Sinn F?in counter
reprisal," according to you, says: "Quit
trying to suppress our campaign of as?
sassination or we will murder more
frequently and burr, your house? in
England." This sounds more like tie
British Tory Morning Post or Lloyd
George's Daily Chronicle than an Amer?
ican who is supposed to love a square
deal; and the statement that "Ameri?
can friends of Ireland will read with
pain more than surprise the storiei of
Sinn F?in activities" is as Pecksnifflar*.
as anything ever uttered by the nat?os
"The active rebels in Ireland ar? ?
small body," you tell us. ? tell yo?
there are no rebels in Ireland. One
can be a rebel only against lawfulh
constituted authority, and the authority
of England in Ireland is not lawful anc
has not been constituted by the Irish
people, who alone are justly entitled
to constitute authority there.
But the Irish nation is determined t?
drive from its shores the invader who
has no right there. Our "guerrllls
bands" are not "out of hand." They
and they alone, of the armed forces ir
Ireland, are working in the interest o'
civilization and just government. Ever
fair-minded Englishmen have acknowl
edged that the campaign of terrorism
which you call British reprisals, begar
before ever a police spy wa3 shot it
Ireland. Spies have been ?hot in ever
country, and it is rather absurd for a*
American who is supposed to take prid*
in the Battle of Lexington to object fa
ambushes in Ireland.
But perhaps your editorial writer ii
of the same type as one I met in as
other part of this country, who, h
answer to the question "Are you ai
Englishman or an American?" replied
"My father was an Englishman aw
never naturalized; I was born her*
but I think I always feel more Engllil
than anything else." The tone of yoo
editorial this morning is as English ?
any Tory reactionist could desire; ?
English as the editorial writer of th
Tory Massachuscttensis, who, writin
of the struggle of the American Rev?
lution on the eve of the l?attle fl
Bunker Hill, eaid: "Never have th
annals of the world oeen deformed b
so wanton, wicked, causeless and ur
natural a rebellion." It reads like s
invitation to the British to still EJ?at<
ferocity or as an article ?aspired b
British agents to test how much met
oppression of a gallant nation right'
struggling to be free the America
people will stand unmoved.
"The truth," you say, "will sooner
or later make its way. The Sinn F?ir.
organization will be seen for what i'
is." That is true, and for us the sooner
the better. We do not need to be afraid
of the truth. It is not we who are
trying to suppress it. If the war
against the Black ?.nd Tans has beer,
carr.ed into England and their homes
are burned as they are burning ours
it may help to bring them to their
senses, or to rou_e to a ?ense of the;r
responsibility the English people, who
in the ultimate issue are responsible
for the deeds of their government.
I have no information beyond that
given in the American press of whs?
has been done in England. It may be
strikers' riots instead of summary jus?
tice inflicted on the Black and Tant.
Why does not the United States recog?
nize the state of beiligerencv ?etwee;1
Ireland and England and call on Eng
land instantly to ceace these atrocit-M
If the Black and Ta"?3 and other enemy
forces continue to murder civilian?*.
to burn our homes, to outrage ou?"
women and devastate our cities becaus??
Irish soldiers kill the armed force? C
the enemy in our country they cannot
expect the Irish to exercise the super?
human patience they have exercised up
to the present. There will be no home*
of the Black and Tans attacked if there
are no Irish homes attacked.
How much longe.? will the govern?
ments of the civilized world look on
unmoved while the English government^
in Ireland outrival- the cruelU*- ?:
Nero or Caligula and casts into the shad"
the barbarities of the Bashibatouks
May I close with a sentence from tb'1
inaugural speech of the late. Terenc?'
MacSwiney on his ?lection as Lor_
Mayor of Cork:
"The civilized world dare not look
on indifferent while new tortures ***
being prepared for our country, or the>
will see undermined the pillars of their
own governments and the world *
volved in unimaginable anarchy."
Washington, D. C, May IS, 1921?