Newspaper Page Text
League to Ask
2-Year Ban on
World Disarmament Start
To Be Made at Meeting
of Committee July 16
in Paris, Savs Viviani
Believes U. S. Will Listen
Covenant Can Be Revamped
for? America and Give
Lasting Peace, He Thinks
Svr< 1 Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, :r>21. New York Tribun? Inc.
PARIS, July 3.?A demand that all
nations call a hait on increases in
naval, military and even air armament
budgets for tho next two years in an
effort to make a modest start toward
world disarmament will be one of sev?
eral measures to be taken by the
League of Nations disarmament com?
mittee at its meeting in Paris, July
IS, The Tribune was informed to-day
by Ren? Viviani, former French Pre?
mier, one of France's representatives
on the committee.
M. Viviani believes that the United
States, which is so anxious for world
peace, will be inclined to listen to the
league's program, despite its opinion
of the league covenant in its present
The former Premier believes that the
covenant can yet be made the basis
of world peace, even though it would
be necssary to revamp the whole struc?
ture to eliminate objectionable fea?
ture?, including Article X and those
applying to political activities.
The Tribune correspondent found M.
Viviani et work praparatory to the
meeting, which occupation, he said,
would keep him in Paris until the date
Bet. He announced that the committee
would be composed of Hjalmar Brant
ing, former Swedish Minister of Fi?
nance; former Premier Orlando of
Italy; General Berthelm, who replaces
General Fayolle, now "on a mission to
Canada; Viviani, and two others, one
of whom will be a British admiral.
Employers Refuse Invitation
In addition there will be military
and naval experts of several nations.
The committee also has invited repre?
sentatives of employees and employers.
The latter have declined, but M. Jou
haux, of the French Federation of La?
bor, has signified that he will be
present. The committee will submit
a report to the League of Nations Sep?
tember 5, at Geneva.
"Care must be taken," said M. Vivi?
ani, "not to confuse the objects of tho
committee with disarmament. Its ob?
jects are more properly the restriction
Here the French statesman expressed
his belief that the League of Nations
still holds the nucleus of world peace
if properly used. "On the other hand,"
he said, "Americans must understand
that in order to build such an enor?
mous structure as is required for a
real league for peace there must be a
covenant, however bad, to serve as a
basis for corrections. It is better than
nothing. Even if the league becomes
in the future something quite different
from the present league, partisans of
world peace must be grateful for the
start it affords toward the goal."
M. Viviani's renunciation of the fea?
tures of the league which were the
chief objections pointed out in Wash?
ington also caused him to renounce as
a menace the alliances such as existed
before the war.
No Peace In Alliances
"Alliances cannot promote peace,"
he said. "The interests of nations are
too complicated to be solidified in alli?
ances such as we had in the past. Note
the difficulty England is having, for
example, in removing the Anglo-Jap?
anese treaty. It is a question arousing
extreme diiferences of opinion and is
the subject of long debate on tho part
of the empire's premiers. These dif?
ferences indicate the futility of any
alliance to preserve peace."
M. Viviani was not inclined to dis?
cuss specifically the disarmament prob?
lems of the various nations, but indi?
cated that the success of the league's
project depends greatly on America's
attitude, of which he is most hopeful.
It will be remembered that the
league's only previous discussion of
disarmaments at the Geneva con?
ference the chief objection came from
Viscount Ishii, of Japan, who based his
demurrer on lack of knowledge of the
attitude of the United States, which
was still outside tho League of Na?
"We have many ideas, but it is nec?
essary to be discreet before the meet?
ing," continued M. Viviani. "One of
theso ideas is to ask the various
governments to maintain their present
armament budgets for the next two
years. Other ideas must be kept scuret
for the present.
"You see, our beginning will be very
modest, but it will be a good beginning.
"I must confess that it was not
advisable for me to speak too much
of the League during my recent visit
to the United States, but now there
certainly has come a change of at?
titude there. America must be given
time to settle down after her heated
political activities before studying
seriously the great moral problems of
disarmament and arbitration.
Says U. S. Most Forget Politics
"I have the greatest confidence that
the change now manifesting itself in
the United states means progress, and
you can rest assured that the commit
toe will be most careful not to disturb
the new public feeling in America.
American public opinion must necessar?
ily forget politics before it can ?on
?ider the moral aspects of the situa?
"When we speak of disarmament.
Arbitration and such great, generous
Ideas, there is not a single man in
the world possessing: a conscience and
? feeling of duty who can object to
6?r? en"ort3 toward peace, and espe?
cially in the United States, where
?very on? is most anxious to see
world peace assured. But, as I said
oefore, American public opinion must
??ave timo before there can be any
.Personally, I am opposed to cer?
tain articles in the covenant as strong
g as a.-.y one iu the United States?
?specially Article X. This article is
jot only a foolish delusion, but it is
"tjeceptive, and it can be a dangerous
deception at a moment of real danger,
?op.c will then see it is valueless.
1 am in favor of eliminating not
?ly Article X but others in the
covenanti especially those relating to
Political activities of the League,
*?icn likewise are deceiving."
"me. Curie Reaches France;
Children Bring Her Flower?
CHERBOURG, France, July 2,-Mme.
??He Curie, who has been visiting the
?"iited States, arrived here to-day on
board the steamship Olympic. She
lg formally greeted by government
?"iciais and school children bearing
A ?Quad of detectives took charge
J the gramme of radium presented to
2?.e- Curie by American women and
*"' Uke it to Paris.
U. S. Willing Costa Rica
Should Mediate Dispute
j l anama Envoys Told, However,
That White Boundary De?
cision la Equitah?e
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
?WASHINGTON, July 2,?No objec?
tion will bo interposed by this govern
; ment to any mutual agreement entered
i into by the government of Panama and
( osta Rica directed toward an
?amicable^ settlement of the land con?
troversy in which tho two nations
have been involved for the last two
. months, it was officially made known
? The special Panama mission, headed
j by Minister of Foreign Affairs Gamy,
which has been in Washington for the
? _?* *?!? wooks> haa laid before tho
? fctato Department a detailed brief of
| the contentions of the Panama gov?
ernment in resistance to the award of
? the land made by the late Chief
; Justice White, with a view of con
vincmg this government that the
! arbitration was not justified
j In responso to this appeal" the State
Department has told the Panama dele?
gation frankly that Justice White's
' ?W?t %ViVs aeomc<i a proper one, but
^."?objection would bo interposed
should Panama and Costa Rica mutual
? ,y_?Proe to reopen the dispute.
This government, however, will make
I no suggestion to Costa Rica in tho
(Continued from pago one)
, to boom. The Republicans, accepting
; the Democratic statement that a state
I of technical war was retarding pros
Parity, insisted that the blame rested
on the Democrats and particularly Mr.
. Wilson, because of his veto of the
; peace resolution. Mr. Harding prom
! ised again and again, in his campaign
speeches, that he would have passed
; and sign a resolution establishing
Foresee Revival of Trade
There is strone hope here, therefore,
that a certain amount of optimism will
be injected into the business men and
; manufacturers of the country by the
! fact that the state of technical war is
: ended. The belief of Administration
officials for some time has been that
, if only a littlo start could be made in
[ the direction of speeding up bus'.ness
j recovery would become an automatic
| process. Confidence and optimism, it
j has been thought, were the element?
j chiefly needed.
In paving the way for this step
! towards normalcy the Administration
j has made several important moves.
; The chief underlying idea of the con
1 ferer.ces between the President, Sec?
retary of the Treasury Mellon and
; Secretary of Commerce Hoover with
' bankers from all over the count-y, was
: aid in financing exports. Up to that
time the finance corporations designed
, to assist exports by extending eredits
j had not received sufficient support
i from the bankers to insure their suc
! cess. Promises to help them were ob
| tained from the bankers by the Presi
I dent. More sensational developments
: at the conferences along other lines
prevented this, the original idea under
j lying the call for the meeting, from
| being given the publicity it would
j otherwise have received.
It is obvious that- if Germany can
I now buy what she would like to have
? from this country a tremendous im
! petus would be given to business of all
| kinds. If she were only able to buy
the cotton that the South believes she
wants, the result would be immediate.
Tho Southern planters would begin
paying off their notes to the banks,
: frozen credits of this character would
1 be released, and the storekeepers all
' through the South would begin delug?
ing New York and other jobbing and
; wholesale centers with orders. If Ger
| many should buy only a comparatively
small quantity of wheat, that movo
. ment would probably have a similar
, effect on the great wheat belt of the
There is no doubt about Germany's
I desires. The only doubt is about her
! ability to pay for what she wants. The
! President, in the course of his study
and conferences on this problem, made
! it clear to the public, as well a3 the
1 international bankers, that he re
i garded exports as of such vital con
? sequence to this country's prosperity
that he would oppose the granting of
credits abroad?or, in o*her words, tho
sale of foreign bonds here?for any
except two purposes. Theso were th*
refunding of debts and the financing of
exports of American goods.
Market for German Bonds Here
With the signing of the peace reso?
lution, also, comes the stronger pos?
sibility of tho sale in this country of
German reparation bonds. As these
will be the property of tho Allies, par?
ticularly France and Belgium, they
may be sold in this country for two
purposes?to obtain American dollars
with which to cancel the debts of those
countries to the United States, or with
a view to making purchases of goods
here for export to France and Bel?
gium. Either plan would meet the
conditions which President Harding
has laid down with regard to foreign
credits. He has publicly signified his
willingness and desire that Allied
bonds should be sold to American in?
vestors in large enough amounts
eventually to discharge, the $10,000.000,
000 of Allied debt to the United States
government. While there has been no
expression from the Administration as
to the possible sale of German repara?
tion bonds this might easily be the
One official here pointed out to-day
that if tho Allied governments selling
the German Bonds should guarantee
payment of their principal and interest
it would bring the reparations bonds
immediately within the scope of the
plan already laid down by the Presi?
dent and within tho authorization of
the bill sent to Congress by Secretary
Mellon with the President's approval.
The net effect of this whole opera?
tion would be to make American in?
vestors the creditors of the German
government instead of the French and
Belgian governments. But tho cash
put up by the American investors
would be used by this government to
redeem Liberty Bonds. None of it I
would be permitted to go out of the i
May Have Double Guaranty
It is entirely possible that German !
reparations bonds may be sold in this
country with the guaranty of both ?
France?or Belgium?and the United
The property in this country of Ger?
man citizens seized during the war by
the Alien Property Custodian and still
held by that branch of the government
will not be affected by the restoration i
of peace, since the resolution specifi?
cally states that it is to be held until
all claims of Americans against the
German government arising out of the
war, and more especially during the
period of American neutrality, have
been satisfied. This would include
such claims as those incident to the
sinking of the Lusitania. Count von
Bernistorff was negotiating with Secre?
tary Lansing with a view to settling
these claims, the German government
having indicated a willingness to pay
Signing of Peace Edict Made
Simple Ceremony in Home
Historic Act Takes Place in Living Room of Freling
huysen Residence; Servants Join
Senators in Applause
RARITAN, N. J-, July 2.?Under the
?most simple circumstances imaginable,
! in vivid contrast with tho declaration
of war more than four years ago, Presi?
dent Harding Bigned tho resolution re?
establishing technical peace with Ger?
many and Austria here at 3:10 p. m.,
standard time, to-day.
Frosh from a closely contested golf
foursome, in which tho President and
Speaker Gillett, of the House of Rep?
resentatives, defeated Senators Hale,?f
Maine, and Kellogg, of Minnesota?tho
j old golf foursome of Mr. Harding's
j Senatorial days?the President read
through tho peace resolution on the
I porch of tho Frelinghuysen home.
From where he sat the President could
look down the little valley a few hun?
dred feet and view the site of the old
Wallace home, where George Washing?
ton had his headquarters during tho
winter of 1778, or he could look just
beyond the range of hills where the
Continental army was encamped tbr.t
Uses Chairman Porter's Pen
At the wish of his hostess, Mrs. Frel?
inghuysen, tho President moved into
the living room of the home for the
actual signature, using a pen which
will be given to Chairman Porter of
the House Foreign Affairs Committee
for a souvenir.
Half a dozen cameras clicked as the
j President, surrounded by Senator and
: Mrs, Frelinghuysen, Speaker and Mrs,
; Gillett, Master Joseph Frelinghuysen
; and Mis3 Victoria Frelinghuynon
i sig-? ? the historic document. In ad
! dition those present included Stnt<
j Senator Clarence E. Case, Sheriff Bo
;gart T. Conkling, of Somerset County;
j County Detective George D. Totten
County Treasurer Edwin Garretson anr
Charles E. Bateman, newspapermen anc
Mr. Bateman had brought a quill pe?
which had been among the archives o:
the Surorgate of Somerset County, bu
the President had promised to usi
Chairman Porter's pen.
Mrs. Harding was indisposed thi
j morning. She did not come down fo
I the signing, having remained in he
I room earlier in the day, when the othe
? guests made the fifteen-mile trip t<
I Bernardsville for golf.
Amidst Colonial Setting
( The whole scene of the signing car
! ried one back to the early days of th
? Republic. The classic face of the Pr?s
' ident fitted into what might be accu
rately called the Dutch Colonial back?
ground of the historic Frelinghuyscn
home. Tho furniture is Colonial and
the mahogany drop-leaf table on which
the President signed the document has
been in tho family since tho Senator's
grandfather was Secretary of State.
Indeed, tho room is said to present
very little change from the days when
President Arthur was a frequent guest
at the house. The old marble mantel,
brought over from Holland, and backed
by bricks from tho same country, was
Just to tho President's right as he
signed,, just beyond the two littlo
Frelinghuyscn girls, whoso pretty faces
added no little to the^picture.
The resolution was brouirht up from
Washington to-day by E. W. Smithers,
of the White House staff. Handling
his dispatch portfolio as though it con?
tained diamonds, Smithers swung off
the train at Bound Brook shortly after
noon and drove in a taxicab to the
Frelinghuysen home, all the cars hav?
ing been commandeered for the golf
President Greatly Pleased
Arrangements had been made for the
President to get back from tho golf
game at 2:30 o'clock, but it was nearly
3 when the motors brought tho party
back. Smithers started back to Wash?
ington to-night, and the resolutions
will be filed on Tuesday with the Sec?
tary of State.
The little party, including the Fre?
linghuysen servants, who, in true Colo?
nial fashion, had come into the "Big
Room" to see tho historic event, broke
into warm applause, led by Senator
Frelinghuysen as tho President laid
down his pen. Tho President's fuce
was flushed and smiling as he rose
from the table and shook those present
by the hand.
His pleasure at having carried out
one of his preelection pledges was very
obvious. This is the first of the three
important things which he called the
present Congress into extra session to
enact. The other two things, the tariff
and taxation revision, are barely start?
ed in the legislative mill.
The signing of the peace resolution
at the Frelinghuysen home was entire?
ly unanticipated when the Presidential
party left Washington at 1 o'clock yes?
terday afternoon. The unexpectedly
swift action of tho Senate yesterday
afternoon, however, moved up the cal?
endar, so far as peace is concerned,
and Secretary Christian wished to take
advantage of this speeding up.
The President is much pleased that
Independence Day will see peace for?
! damages at the time he was sent home
j by this government.
History of Bitter Fight
In Senate Against Treaty
I League Covenant, Especially
Article X, Basis of Struggle
Against Ratification by V. S.
The resolution establishing peace be
! tween the United States and Germany
I and Austria was the final outgrowth of
the long fight over the peace treaty,
i which began in the Senate in Decem
! ber, 1918. At that lime Senator Kel
i iogg, Republican, of Minnesota, who
afterward became one of the "mild res
j ervationists," made a speech in favor
j of the general idea of a league of na
Senator Williams, of Mississippi, also
! favored the league, but Senator Reed,
j of Missouri, and Senator Borah, of
I Montana, attacked it bitterly. Senr.+or
j Knox, of Pennsylvania, urged an alli
? anee of the great powers instead of a
I world league, and the League of Na
I tions opponents in the Senate laid
their plans for a fight against the in
j elusion of any such provision in the
After tho opening of the peace con
! ference in Paris, January 18, 1919, the
! discussion of the League of Nations in
? the Senate continued with bitter in
! tensity. The President was kept in
I formed by cable of the progress of the
fight, and when he came home at the
end of February, to be present at the
I closing of Congress and sign the bills
! passed at the last moment, a confer?
ence was arranged at the White House
between the President and the mem?
bers of the Foreign Affairs Committee
of the Senate. Senator Borah declined
to attlnd this conference, on the ground
that he did not want to receive infor?
mation that could not be used in public
discussion of the treaty's provisions.
39 Sign Round Robin
The conference was held February
2G, and the Senators opposed to the
league came away from it even more
bitter in their opposition than they
had been before the conference, while
those supporting the President re?
mained as firmly fixed in their opin?
ions. Before the expiration of Con?
gress on March 4, Senators Knox ant
I Sherman attacked the league idea ir
speeches in the Senate and a rounc
robin opposing the league was sign?e
by thirty-nine Senators.
As a result of the opposition in th<
Senate to the first form of the League
of Nations covenant several amend
ments were proposod by the Presiden
on his return to Paris, and eome of th<
I Senators who had previously expressec
their opposition declared that thej
would vote for the covenant in its new
form. Senator Lodge, however, callee
a conference of Republican Senators ir
Washington at which the plans for i
fight on the covenant were laid. Aftei
this conference Senator Lodge issued t
statement declaring that the covenan
would require amendment.
Congress convened in special ses
slon May 19, and in the interval be
tween March 4 and that date most o:
the members of the Senate were busih
engaged either in fighting or defendinj
the League of Nations. Many of thos<
in opposition made speaking trip
around the country to explain thei
Fight Centers on Article X
After the special session convenc?
tho Senate continued to occupy itsel
largely with the peace treaty, the de
bate, until the signing of the treat;
at Versailles on June 28 and the pub
lication of the full text of the instru
ment, centering around the proposa
of Senator Knox to ask the peace con
ference to separate the League of Na
tions covenant from the remainder o
the treaty. Administration supporter
devoted themselves to keeping th
resolution embodying this propos*
from coming to a vote. Both forme
Senator Root and former Presiden
Taft submitted to Republican men
hers of the Senate plans for the mod
fieation of the League covenant, Th
opposition to the treaty in the Senat
crystallized around Article X of th
League covenant. But as soon as th
full treaty was published anothc
strong point of objection was found i
tho Shantung settlement and man
Senators who were willing to accet
the League of Nations declared then
selves unalterably opposed to the Shai
Meanwhile, early in May an officii
summary of the full treaty, includin
the League of Nations covenant, ha
been issued by the State Departmen
and the Senate could see no reaso
why it should ae* few? the full tex
A resolution calling on the State De?
partment to furnish the completo texr
was offered and a bitter wrangle cov?
ering all phases of the negotiations in
Paris ensued. In the beginning of
June it developed- that the complete
text of the treaty had been brought inte
this country by private interests and
several Senators saw the copies. Sena?
tor Hitchcock introduced a resolution
calling for an investigation of the
treaty leak and Senator Borah read tho
text of the treaty into" the Con?
Shantung Provision Assailed
President Wilson arrived home from
his second trip to Paris July 8 and
announced that he would be glad to
discuss any phase of the treaty situa?
tion with any committee of either
house. On July 10 the President went
to the Capitol and officially laid the
treaty before the Senate and two days
later the Republican members of the
Foreign Relations Committee laid their
plans for their fight on the treaty.
Senator Swanson, of Virginia, deliv?
ered the keynote address to the Dem?
ocrats on July 14 and the next day
Senator Lodge opened the fight for
the treaty opponents with an attack on
tho Shantung provision. Following
the Lodge speech, the President in?
vited Republican Senators to the White
House for a conference on the treaty,
but the Senators declined the invita?
tion and the President began a series
ot separate conferences, inviting the
members of the Senate to the White
House one at a time for brief inter?
The Republican Senators informed
the President that they would insist
on reservations to the treaty, and the
President, in face of determined op?
position, let it be known that he would
accept "clarifying interpretations.'
Before the end of July former Senator
Root, former President Taft and for?
mer Justice Charles E. Hughes had
suggested reservations to the Senate
and the opponents of the treaty had
divided into "mild reservatlonists" and
Amendment? Adopted by Committee.
On July 31 the Senate Foreign Re?
lations Committee began its hearings
on the treaty and the "mild reserva
tionists" immediately laid their sug?
gestions before the committee. Befori
tho hearings had gone very far Sen
ator Lodge accused the President of
holding up information the committe?
had requested as necessary to its con
sideration of the fcteaty. The Presi
dent retorted that he could not re
veal the secrets of the peace con
ference at Paris, but a conf?rent
with the members of the committei
was held at the /White House Au
The next day the opponents of tb
treaty defeated the "mild reservations'
. in the committee and a couple of day
later forced the adoption of an amend
ment to the Shantung provision. Si
days afterward the committee adopto
three amendments proposing to equal
ize the British voting r.ower in th
League of Nations.
President Wilson had threatened
speaking tour of the country to fore
the Senate by pressure from the peo
pie to adopt the treaty without reser
vations or amendments. He began hi
tou- September 3, and Senators Borar
Johnson, of California, and Reed start
ed on his trail to argue against th
treaty and the League of Nations, an
on September 10 the Foreign Relation
Committee reported the?reaty to th
Senate with forty-live proposed amend
ments and four reservations. Man
otjfcer proposals for amendments or res
ervatio/is were brought in by variou
Treaty Fight to the Floor
The treaty fight began on the floe
of the Senate September 15 in ope
session, this being the first time
treaty had been considered by the Ser
ate in open session. The thirty-fi\
Fall amendments to the treaty were di
feated on October 2, and on Octob<
27 the Johnson amendment, giving tl
United States an equal vote with Grej
Britain in the League of Nations, wi
defeated. Tho Shantung amendmenf
were defeated October 16.
Meanwhile the Foreign Relatior
Committee was considering a set <
reservations to take the place of tl
iefeated recommendations. This pn
jram, called the Lodge- program, coi
listed of fifteen reservations, includir
i preamble. The Lodge program wi
ntroduced in the Senate on Novembi
/, when the preamble and the fir
reservation were adopted. The thii
reservation was adopted the next da
md on November 15, after cl?ture ht
>een introduced, ten moro reservatioi
vere adopted. The last two of tl
program of fifteen reservations we
adopted November 18, Vice-Prc3idei
larshall declared the peace trek
, losed to amendments and the Sena
Of Treaty With Japan
LONDON,Muly 2 (By The As?
sociated Press).?Groat Britain
has notified Jupan that, owing to
(he decision of Lord Birkenhead,
tho Lord Et?gH Chancellor, to tho
effect that the Anglo-Japanese
treaty, even if denounced. July
15, will automatically run for
another year, the question of a
three months' extension of the
treaty has been dropped.
| raa ready to voto on the question of
I ntification at the next session. On
i March 19, 1920, tho Senate sent the
t leaco treaty hack to President Wilson.
ifter failing to ratify it by a vote of
49 for to 35 against, a two-thirds voto
A pence resolution subsequently was
passed by Congress and sent to Presi?
dent Wilson, who refused to sign it.
In his address to Congress on April
12, 1921, President Harding gave his
views on peace with the Central
Powers, saying that to establish a state
of technical peace without fuuher de?
lay he would approve a declaratory
resolution by Congress to that effect,
with the qualifications essential to pro?
tect all our rights. Such a resolution,
tho President said, must add no diffi?
culty in effecting, with just reparations,
the restoration for which all Europe
yearned and upon which the world's
recovery must bo founded.
President's War Powers
Repealed by Peace Act
Greatest Authority Ever Con?
ferred on American Execu?
tive by the Congress Lapses
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau.
# WASHINGTON, July 2.?The official
list of tho war powers conferred on the
President of tho United States which
are repealed by the resolution ending
the war with Germany, which Presi?
dent Harding signed to-day at Raritan,
N. J., was made public hero to-day.
The acts of Congress which are re?
voked are those giving the President
In case of war or invasion of the
territory of the United States, to pre?
scribo regulations for the treatment by
the United States of all alien enemies
over fourteen years of ae/e; to direct
the conditions under which they may
remain and to provide for their re?
moval, if necessary.
In time of actual or threatened war,
to utilizo the Public Health and Marine
Hospital Service (now tho Public
Health Service) as he may deem for
the promotion of the public interest,
without impairing its efficiency for its
In time or war or threatened war,
to demand preference for transporta?
tion of troops and material of war on
In time of war or when war is im?
minent, to accent assistance tendered
by the Red Cross, if he shall deem
their cooperation with the land and
naval forces necessary; and to pre?
scribo regulations for their employ?
ment under tho sanitary services of the
army and navy.
In time of war or when war is im?
minent, through the head of any gov?
ernment department, to place orders
for any required product or material
with any individual or firm which is
engaged in, or capable of, producing
such supplies; such orders to be given
preference over any orders theretofore
placed with such firm. In case of
plants equipped for the manufacture
of arms or ammunition, on refusal to
comply with government orders, to take
over such plant through the head of
any department, and operate it through
the ordinance department of the army.
In time of war to assume control,
through the Secretary of War, of any
system of transportation, and to utilize
'it for the transportation of troops, war
; supplies, etc., to the exclusion, if neces
cary, of all other traffic.
In timo of war, by proclamation to
designate any place in which anything
for tho use of the army or navy is be?
ing prepared, as a place concerning
which Information must not be pub?
lished, subject to imprisonment for two
years, or fine of .'510,000 (sec. 1 of act).
During wars to which tho United
States is not a party, to enforce tho
neutrality of the United States by (1)
withholding clearance from vessels
about to carry arms, etc., to a belliger?
ent; (2) detained armed vessel owned
wholly or in part by United States citi?
zens until satisfied that they will not
be used against friendly nations; (3)
compelling any foreign vessels to de?
part from the United States, or its pos?
sessions, in accordance with the law of
nations or treaties; and (4) using any
part of the land or naval forces of the
United States he may deem necessary.
To include within tho term "enemy"
or "ally of enemy" subjects, etc., of
hostile nations or their allies, not resi?
dent within tho territory of such na?
tion or ally; and to fix by proclamation
the date for tho "end of the war."
To license trade with, or transporta?
tion of, SO enemy; and transmission
out of the mail of letters, etc., into or
out of the United States, or of any
communication to an enemy.
To suspend restrictions of the act,
and to make rules for its enforcement;
to regulate transactions in foreign ex?
change, transfers of credit, etc., be?
tween the United States and any for?
eign country, or between residents of
foreign countries, by persons in the
To appoint and fix duties, etc., of
Alien Property Custodian; to require
reports of propettj held for enemies;
and to regulate procedure, payment of
To authorize payment of patent fees,
etc., to an enemy, or license manufac?
tures, etc., under patents controlled by
To prescribe regulations for deposit,
etc., of moneys received by the Alien
To declare unlawful certain acts,
when tho United States is at war, as
follows: (1) Entry or departure of]
aliens contrary to rules and limitations ,
prescribed by tho President, aiding 1
such entry or departure, and forging j
or furnishing false permits, etc.; (2)
entry or departure of United States '
citizens without valid passport, subject
to limitations prescribed by the Presi?
In time of war or threatened war to
certify to Interstate Commerce Com?
mission that the? national security and
defense require preference in transpor?
tation of "certain traffic," such pre?
ference to be thereupon directed by !
In an emergency to authorize erec- ;
tion of temporary fortifications with- j
out acquiring title to the land, when,
in the opinion of tho President, such i
erection is important and urgent.
To transfer to the War or Navy De- ;
partment, in an emergency, any ves- ,
'sels, equipment or personnel of the |
Coast Guard he may deem to the best
interest of the country.
Wolcott to Quit Senate for
Bench; du Pont May Succeed
. Special Dispatch to The Tribune
WILMINGTON, Del., July 2.?United
States Senator Josiah O. Wolcott has
decided to accept the appointment of ?
Chancellor of "Delaware, succeeding j
Charles M. Curtin, of Wilmington.
Governor Denney wTTI appoint a Sen-,
?jftor to succeed him. It is believed
i'that the Governor will tender the ap- |
pointment to General T. Coleman du I
j Pont and that General du P'jUt will'
I accept it.
IL S. Returns
Million to Wife
Of Bernstorff ;
Alien Property Custodian Is
Directed by Court to Sur?
render Storks, Bonds and
Cash Seized During Warj
Held Under Enemy Act
Suit lor Recovery of Prop-1
erty Is Based on Piea^
of Her American Birth !
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 2.--Property |
Valued at approximately $1,000,000 will j
bo returned to Countess Jeanne von j
Bernstorff, wife of Count Johann von |
Bernstorff, former German Ambassador
to tho United States, under a ruling I
to-day by Justice William Hitz, in the j
; District of Columbia Supreme Court.
By the order of tho court, Thomas ''
W. Miller, Alien Property Custod.*???;
ia directed to restore to Countess von
i Bernstorff all the bonds and cash
j seized from her under the provisions
i of the trading-with-the-enemy act.
Countess von Bernstorff brought suit
; to recover the property early this year,
| contending that by birth she wa3 an
| American citizen, and that the property
seized by the government was handed !
down to her by inheritance from her
father, Edward Luckemeyer, formerly |
a silk merchant of New York, while !
she retained her citizenship as an
American. Accompanying her petition
for recovery was filed a certificate of
her American birth. While tho peti?
tion showed that Countess von Bern?
storff maintained a residence in Stearn
burg, Upper Bavaria, the contention
was advanced that the Alien Property
Custodian was without authority to
seize property she acquired before' be?
coming a Gsrman citizen by reason
of her marriage to Count von Bern
$900,000 in Securities
The countess's property was seized
on January 1, 1018, by A. Mitchell Pal
I mer, then Allen Property Custodian.
i About $900,000 in securities were taken
from safe deposit boxes in New York
and Washington. Some of them were
the securities of German controlled
corporations in the United States.
Most of the countess's property was
in this country.
The Countess von Bernstorff before
her marriage was Miss Jeanne Lucke?
meyer, daughter of a naturalized Ger
! man citizen of New York. She was
' born in New York and at one time was
I very proud to crfll horself an Amer
? ?can, The countess's mother was a
member of an old aristocratic German
; family, related to many of the fam
j ilies who were prominent at the
I Kaiser's court.
Married in 1887
The count married Miss Luckemeyer
? in 18S7. They have a son and a daugh
j The Luckemeyer family left New
York many years ago and settled in
i Paris, where the countess's father
\ died in 1908. He was well known there
: as a wealthy American. During the
j first two years of the war Countess
' von Bernstorff remained in Germany,
| but joined her husband in Washington
i late in 1916 and remained with him
! until he wa3 dismiss-ad in April, 1917.
! Peddler and Boy Shot in
i Row Over Bag of Cherries
[Vendor Says Customers Threw
Fruit into Street; One
Carmine Napolitano, a pushcart ped
| dler, living at 166 Hudson Street, was
j wounded in the left shoulder, and
j Michael Piazzo, three years old, of 57
| Bayard Street, received a bullet wound
in the right log last night, as tho culmi
I nation of what started out to be
Nupolitano's only salo of the day.
Tho peddler told tho police he had
his cart, loaded with cherries, parked
in front of 66 Mulberry Street, when
two men approached him and said they
wanted a pound of cherries. Napoli?
tano said that when ho reached for a
bag one of the men began picking over
his fruit and throwing somo of it into ?
the street. The peddler said that when
he protested, the man drew a pistol ami
fired two shots. One struck Napolitano
in the leg, the other hit the Piazzo
b'oy, who was standing nearby. Fol?
lowing the shooting the two men fled.
Patrolman Walsh, of the Elizabeth
Street station, later arrested a man in
98 Bayard Street, whom Napolitano
identified as his assailant. The man
gave his name as Michael Fago, twen?
ty-six years old, of 188 Hester Street.
He was held on a charge of felonious
Middlekauf to Represent
U. S. in Volstead Act Case
WASHINGTON, July 2.?C. W. Mid?
dlekauf, of Freeport, 111., has been
named special assistant attorney gen?
eral to represent the Federal govern?
ment in the suit brought by former
Senator J. Hamilton Lewis to test cer?
tain provisions of the Volstead act, it
was announced to-day at the Depart?
ment of Justice. The suit involves the
right of the government to hold liquors
made and deposited in bonded ware?
houses before the prohibition law be?
came effective. Approximately $500,000
worth of whisky, owned by former dis?
tillers and wholesalers, is said to figure
in the litigation.
1 Red? Appeal for Aid
Against the Japanese
Moscow Cal!? on AH Commu?
nists to Halt 'Intervention?
ists* in Siberia
PJGA. July 2 fBy The Associated
Press).? The government of the Far
Eastern Republic of Siberia, says a
Moscow dispatch to-day, has appealed
to the Russian Soviet government for
aid against the Japanese and the coun?
ter revolutionary forces. Several ar?
mored trains and other war material
wiil be sent to the Far Eastern Repub?
lic, the dispatch adds.
A Moscow official radio dispatch to?
day appeals to all Communists to aid in
the struggle against the "Japanese in?
TOKIO, July 2 (By The Associated
Press).?Political unity in Eastern Si?
beria is further off than ever, aS a
result of the activities there of Gen?
eral Semenoff, the Cossack ant;-Bol?
shevik leader, according to dispatches
reaching Tokio from various centers.
Following persistent reports that
Semenoff had received Japanese help
in effecting his escape to the interior
from Vladivostok?the story being that
he had been concealed in the bottom
of an automobile?the Japanese com?
mune! at Vladivostok has announced
the issuance of instructions forbidding
Japanese officers to give any assistance
Messages from Chang-chun, Man?
churia, report that General Semenoff
I is at Nikolsk, making military prep?
It is reported from Harbin that the
| Russian Soviet authorities have in?
formed the government of the Siberian
i Far Eastern Republic at Chita that the
advance of General Von Ungern-Stern
berg is a serious menace and that,
therefore, the Chita government should
adopt urgent military measures against
this anti-Bolshevik force.
With Mother, to
Die by Poison
(Continuod from paga on?)
lance was on the way, Henrietta Weiss
had become delirious.
"'Baby is dead," she said. "He died
Just before the mother and daughter
were taken from the hotel room to the
ambulance, the elder Mrs. Weiss beck?
oned to one of the hotel clerks. The
women owed $10 for a day's lodging.
"There's $5 in the Bible," Mrs. Frances
Weiss said, referring to the hotel
Bible that lay on the dresser.
Mortimer Weiss, husband of the
daughter, is a son of Mrs. Carryl Weiss,
who has a millinery shop at 1674 Madi?
son Avenue. He is employed there by
his mother. Dr. Greenberger notified
Dr. Lawrence Jacobius, of 890 Ells
! mere Place, whose wife is the elder
| Mrs, Weiss's niece, of the poisoning,
| and Dr. Jacobius sent for Mortimer
At the Flower Hospital Mortimer
j Weiss was permitted to see his wife,
I who was then conscious. They had a
i brief whispered conversation, but when
j it was decided to transfer the women
to Bellevue he left. He had nothing to
s:r? ;;bout the case. At 500 West End
Avenue it was said that Mrs. Carryl
Wreiss and the baby were out.
Patrolman Dennis Murphy, of the
East Fifty-first street station, who rode
with Dr. I. P. Brodsky in the ambu?
lance to Flower Hospital, said that
when he attempted to remove the
baby's shoe from the younger Mrs.
Weiss's gra^p she clutched it tightly,
although she said at the same time that
she wanted to dies and that she and her
mother wished to go together.
An envelope containing1 some bi?
chloride of mercury tablets was found
on a small table near one o the twin
beds. The daughter said they had
bought them on the way to the hotel. ]
Senators to Hear Mellon on
Refunding Bill This Week
From. The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 2. ? Chairman
Penrose of the Finance Committee said
to-day he would call a meeting of the
Finance Committee the coming week t?
consider the bill to grant broad powers
to Secretary Mellon in the refunding of
the foreign obligations.
Secretary Mellon will be asked to ap?
pear again and answer questions of
Senators. Senator Penrose said there
was no occasion for haste in view of
tho magnitude of the questions in?
volved, and that there was no purpose
to "lock the door against amendments."
Record for Efficiency and
Dispatch of Business Is
Unexcelled, He Declares
in Reviewing Session
Saved People Millions
Predicts New Tariff Bill
Will Be the Most Satis?
factory Since Civil War
WASHINGTON, July 2.?Th? special
j session of Congress has from the first
| moved steadily and effectively aiwrv
! constructive lines, Representative Mon?
dell, of Wyoming, the House leader,
| declared to-night in a statement re
j viewing its achievements to date. Its
? "record for efficiency and for well
| planned dispatch of easiness has never
I been excelled," he added.
Although the session was called pri?
marily to consider and enact tariff and
revenue legislation, Mr. Mcndell said,
much important legislation had been
enacted while those subjects were be?
ing considered. The permanent tariff
bill, he pointed out, had now been pre?
sented to the House, adding that "while
other Congresses have marked time
! during the preparation of a tariff meas
j ure, this Congress has labored dili
; gently and effectively and has performed
i an amount of work unmatched in any
? like period under similar circum?
Declares $104,000,000 Saved
! Reviewing the list of achievements,
i he said there has been "accomplished
a net saving of approximately $104,
j 000,000 on the army and navy apprc
I priation bilis as compared with the
i same bills as they stood at the close
; of the last Congress." He referred to
j enactment of the peace resolution
terminating the state of war with Ger
| many and Austria, the emergency tariff
and anti-dumping bill, the budget bill,
i legislation to enable telephone com
| panics after the period of war-time
j control "to organize along sound
! lines," the immigration restriction bill
| and cable legislation as measures al?
ready adopted. Bills to reg?late the
packing industry, for consolidating
soldier relief agencies, for amending
the Volstead act to ban medical beer
and to regulate trading in grain fu?
tures were also pointed to as about to
Discussing the permanent tariff bill,
Mr. Mondell said:
"Some of us were of the opinion that
| it would be wise to consider taxation
| questions immediately after the pas
I sage of the temporary Lariff bill, but
i the sentiment of the country seemed
! to be overwhelmingly in favor of the
i consideration of a permanent tariff
i measure first. Unquestionably the
; country has been impatient at the
length of time required for the prepa
| ration of this measure, but an exami
| nation of its 346 pages, its thousands
! of paragraphs, will convince any rea
I sonable person that the time consumed
i in preparation has been well spent and
; that a tremendous task has been speed?
ily and wisely accomplished.
Best Tariff Since Civil War
"I am of the opinion that the meas
' ure as it will be presented to the
; House next Wednesday will have more
j general and united support and com
i mendation both in the Congress and in
? the countrv than any tariff bill since
the Civil War. The tariff bill will be
promptly taken up and considered in
the House and upon its passage the
Committee of Ways and Means will
proceed immediately to the preparation
of a bill to relievo the cyantry of a
considerable portion of tho war tax
"At no time did any one familiar with
the magnitude of the task believe that
a tariff bill could be reported much
before /uly 1. At no time has any one
qualified to judge believed that tariff
and taxation legislation could both be
disposed of before about September 1.
With the progress that has already
been ?ade, that can be accomplished,
and in the mean time, without in any
wise halting or delaying these two
measure* of primary importance, much
other essential legislation will be
$198 for this Queen Anne
Reduced from $275
Payable $2.50 Weekly
Same Suite, Louis XVI Period, at the Same Price
An unusual four piece Bedroom Suite, either Queen Anne
or Louis XVI Period design, in American Walnut; full-sized
bow-end Bed; large Dresser and Chifferobe; Semi Vanity with
three mirrors. *
Prices Are Down on Our Large Selection of
% Wicker, Porch and All Sorts of .
Our Usual Liberal Credit on AH Purchases
Summer Closing Hours:
Both of our stores will close at 1 o'clock on Saturday after?
noons until further notice.
For the convenience of our customers
who are^unable to come during the day
The Harlem Store Will Remain Open Each Monday Evening
Until 10 o'Clock.
All departments, as well as the office, will be running as usual
these Monday evenings just the same as during regular day?
"Oldest Furniture House in America"
3d Avenue and 121st St. Two Park Row, Chatham Sq.
2213 to 2224 Third Ave. Stores 193-205 Park Row