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First to Last--the Truth:
Vol. LXXXI No, 27,255)
Now VorU Tribune Inc.)
News ?? Editorials?A dvertisements
Partly cloudy to-day and to-morrow:
little change in temperature,
winds mostly north went
Full Krport on I-nst l'ugr
JULY 4, 1921
In Greater Now York
Within ?0O Mttem
Keen to Fight
Georges Eager to Defend
Light Heavyweight Title
Against All Comers, In
eluding Bill Brennan
Hand 2 Weeks Ago
Fracture Kept Secret in
Belief Public Might Re?
gard Report as an Alibi
By Fred Hawthorne
MAXHASSET. N. Y? July 3.?Georges
Carpentier. who failed in his great am?
bition to wir. the world's heavyweight
championship when the iron fists of
Jack Dempsey beat him, down in Rick
ard's arena in Jersey City yesterday,
*ent into that fight with a right hand
that had been slightly fractured in a
training bout with Joe Jeanette about
two weeks before.
Fearing that the American public
would suspect he was preparing an
alibi, Carpentier urged his manager,!
Francois Dcschamps, and Gus Wilson, |
his faithful trainer, to keep the news \
of his injury secret. The hand mend- :
el nicely and was not troubling the \
French light-heavyweight when he ;
started his now historic battle with i
First Blow Snaps Bones
Almost with the first hard blow]
from his right hand, however, the !
blow that sent Dempsey tottering back !
on his heels, closer to defeat than he !
had ever been before since gaining
the world's title, the bones near the
bs.se of Carpentier's right thumb and ;
on the side of his wrist snapped again,'
and then he realized his fate was ?
sealed and that the world's title was
not for him.
"I put all my strength into those
blows I landed on Dempsey's jaw in
the second round," said Georges this
afternoon, "and when he didn't drop, ?
and I felt the sharp pain in my hand, '.
I knew I could not defeat him. There j
was nothing to do then but to go on j
fighting, trusting to luck that I couid !
'?cane his hardest blows."
Wilson. :.;tting beside the French !
heavyweight while this conversation '
vas pomj; on. interpreted most of j
Georges remarks, adding little hit?
of his own at times.
"Dempsey fought cleanly ?nd acted
the gentleman all through the fight,"
continued Carpentier. "It was an t'onor
to have fought him; he's a great fight?
ing man, the greatest I've ever met,
and I believe he'll be champion for j
some years yet."
?esehamps and. Wilson declared that
Carpentier would rest for the next few
?lays before deciding what to do. On
Tuesday Deschampa will have a confer?
ence with Tex Rickerd in New York
re'ative to some move matches for
Georges Ready for Fights
"Geoiges will fight any man in the
world except the champion, who he
admits is his superior. He is ready to
defend his title as light heavyweight
champion. Perhaps Georges will fight
Tom Gibbons or Brennan, if Mr. Rick
ard thinks that is best."
Reclining at full length on a settee
on the porch of the cottage that has
been his training camp since his arrival
in this country, Carpentier gave his
version of the fight* with Dempsey,
mainly through Wilson, who acted as'
interpreter. Occasionally, however,
Geor-res broke in t? explain a point
and then his gray-blue eyes glowed, as
they had when he facet! Dempsey.
Wilson said that both he and Des?
champa had warned Carpentier just be?
fore he entered the ring on Saturday
to keep out of the champion's reach
as far as possible for the first five or
six rounds, and they believed that
Georges understood and would be
guided by their advice.
Yet even while sitting in his corner,
awaiting the start of the battle, Car
'Caiitlnued on page nine)
Gen. Smuts Reported in
Ireland on Peace Errand
Two Ambushes and Futile At?
tempt to Blow Up Troop
Trains Made in Day
LONDON, July 3.?Rumors reached
London to-day * that General J. C.
Smuts, the South African Premier, had
been in Ireland in connection with the
Peace movement. Neither the Dublin
nor the Belfast correspondent of The
Associated Press, however, is ab'e
to get any corroborative evidence, be?
yond the fact that General Smuts's
secretary had been in Dublin.
DUBLIN, July 3 (By The Associated
Press).- Ambushes to-day at Mora,
County Tipperary, and Tallow, County
>> aterford. in an unsuccessful at?
tempt to blow un a troop train at Cel
b"iige, County Kildare. and other in?
cidents on the eve of the conference
of the representatives of Northern and
southern Ireland here Monday indicate
no arrangements for a truce.
The southern Unionists will urge
and insist at the conference on main?
tenance of the British connection. Men
t;ere in close touch with the situation
?ay Mr. Lloyd George, the British Prime
??mister, has decidea on the granting
?' hscal autonomy to Ireland. These
men suggest that the northern Union?
ists objection to intrusting such au?
tonomy to the central Irish council
?Ight oe obviated bv giving the Ulster
'?filament the right of veto on tax?
ation affecting its area.
Out of Town
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copy of 'Hie Tribune by hav
,T}g your city newsdealer ad?
vise us to forward The Tribun?
n y?tUT- out-oi-town addres?.
Ur if it is more convenient
telephone Beekman 3000.
3foo Batfe ffir?mn*
Undertow Drags 3 to Death \
After Struggle at Long Cove]
Rescuers Swept Away as Brooklyn Man Sinks
Trying to Save Employee and His Wife, While
Own Family Watches Tragedy Helplessly
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
FATCHOGUE, L. I., July 3. Charles '
H. Bennett, Harold B. Heath and his
wife, Louise Heath, all of whom live in
Brooklyn, were caught by the under?
tow and drowned to-day at Long Cove
on the ocean side of the beach here.
Fully a dozen persons saw them
drown and strove to rescue them. Mr.
Bennett's wife, their daughter Muriel.
who is twenty-two years old, and his
father, who is eighty years old, were
among those who saw the tragedy.
Mr. Bennett lived at 986 Lincoln
riace, Brooklyn, an apartment house,
of which he was owner, and was in buai
ness in Fuiton Market, New York. H?
had. invited Mr. Heath, an employee and
tenant, to come with his wife and spend
the holiday at his summer home, 69
Sweezey Street. Patchogue.
The Bennetts and their guests, with
four or five friends of Miss Bennett,
crossed Great South Bay in Mr. Ben?
nett's motor boat to-day to the beach
for some bathing. There always is a
strong undertow at Long Cove and Mr.
Bennett warned the Heaths not to ven?
ture too far out.
Caught in Swift Current
The treacherous current caught them,
however, and they were being borne
rapidly away, when Mr. Bennett heard
their cries. He swam after them, call?
ing to others in the party who wer?
further away. Willard Conklin an?
Arthur Tabor, friends of Miss Bennett
and Edward Mahlen jr. and Mrs
Mahlen, who also were on the beach
swam after Mr. Bennett.
All of them soon were struggling ir
the grip of the undertow. Before Mr
.Bennett could reach the Heaths th?
latter, exhausted by their efforts an<
terrified by the power which had then
in its grasp, sank beneath the waves
Sceintr that further effort was futile
Mr. Bennett turned and swam quar?
tering for the shore, while th? rea
cuers trailed out behind.
Within a few minutes it was seen
that Mr. Bennett was losing ground.
His friends, one by one, had to turn
and fight for their own lives or to as?
sist a neighboring swimmer whom the
undertow had seized. Those who had
remained on the beach were racing up
and down in a vain search for a boat.
Mrs. Bennett saw her husband throw
up his hands and vanish, and sank
half fainting on the sand.
Those who had started after him
managed to reach shore, most of them
completely exhausted. One of the last
tc give up the perilous attempt at res?
cue was Mr. Mahlen. H?3 father is
vice-president of Austin, Nichols & Co.,
of New York
Coast Guards Called
When he saw that not a heaii re?
mained in sight above the rollers, Mr.
Mthlen made for shore. In spite of his
exertions in the water he scarcely
waited to get hi3 breath, but started
at full speed for the Blue Point Coast
Guard Station, a mile and a half away,
where the nearest boat was.
The Coast Guards came on the run
with their small surf boat on a beach
car. but did not reach Long Cove until
half an hour after Mr. Bennett had
sunk. Nevertheless they put out and
recovered all three bodies.
Mr. Mahlen, mean time, was sprint?
ing to the north shore of the beach
where his motorboat was moored. He
sped across the six-mile expanse of
Great South Bay in foaming haste and
ran to the police station here. Captain
William Valentine sent Patrolman
Dent?n and Dr. L. K. Barber back with
mm with a pulmotor, and for more
than an hour they worked over the
body of Mrs. Heath. They were unable
j to revive her, however. The others
? were past hope.
To Hunt Better
Question of Simplifying the
City Go% ernment Through ?
More Centralization Tol
Come Up This Summer
Good in Present System!
Safeguards Rights of Weak?
er Sections, Members'
Say, But Is Wasteful
Charter revision with a view of sim?
plifying the five separate borough or?
ganizations will be one of the ques?
tion:: considered this summer by the
joint legislative committee appointed
to investigate the Hylan administra?
tion, Senator Schuyler M. Meyer, chair?
man of the committee, announced yts- '
"There can be. no doubt that the five |
separate borough organizations make
for a considerable increase in munic?
ipal expenditures," said Senator Meyer.
The committee probably will begin
the open sessions of its investigation
at the end of this week. Senator
Meyer expects to confer to-morrow
with Elon R. Brown, counsel for the
commit!?, e. The sessions will be held
at the City Hall. Among the first to
be questioned will be Police Commis?
sioner Enright and Corporation Coun?
sel O'Brien, who are to be interrogated
concerning an order sent to all police?
men to report to the Corporation
Counsel before they respond to any
subpoenas issued by the committee.
The Meyer committee has inquired
into the purchase of twenty-eight cars
by the city for use on the Staten Island
traction lines operated by the Hylan
administration, it was learned yester
it is said that the ears were acquired
at a purchase contract price of more
than $7,000 each, and that subsequent
I to the paying of the bill $550 was de?
ducted from the price paid for each
Big Sums Saved by Craig
i Information which has come to mem?
bers of the investigating committee
'? shows that Comptroller Craig sent an
expert in rolling stock to Philadelphia,
where the cars were manufactured, and
ascertained that the price which the
city agreed to pay originally was from
$500 to $1,000 more than ordinarily
; charged by the company. His insist
. Continu? d on pam time!
Tornado Hits Dakota
Towns; 1 Dead, 9 Hurt
Demolishes One Town and
Damages Others; Picks Up
Traek and Derails Train
ABERDEEN, S. D., July 3.?-A tor?
nado struck Frederick, S. D., last night,
killing one man and causing more than
$100,000 damage. Practically every
building in the town was demolirhed.
Arne Anderson, who was assisting
-hit, family to the basement of their
' home, was killed in his efforts to os
' cape when the house was torn from its
The storm broke here at 8:45 o'clock
? last night, accompanied by an 80-mile
? wind. Nine injuries not considered
i serious where reported to-day over
i practically demoralized lines of com
'? munication. Damage here is estimated
: at $350,000.
The storm came as a climax to ten
1 davs of severe heat.
A train was derailed at Tacoma Park,
: when a stretch of track a mile long
; was lifted from the road-bed after the
: wind had exeavated the right of way.
No one was injured.
A string of nineteen cars was blown
i out of the Chicago. Milwaukee & St.
Paul yards at Ipswich.
Among the injured here is Mrs. G.
1 Larson, who was found unconscious
I near her home. She was thrown from
? a porch. Her recovery is doubtful.
REDFIKLD. S. D., July 3.?Twelve
] automobiles were blown into a lake
I here by a heavy windstorm which
j struck this city last night, tearing
i down trees, telephone poles and tele
? graph lines, fences and farm buildings.
In Postal Bank |
Treatment of Depositors ?1- j
most Amounted to Fraud, !
He Declares. Assailing j
Low interest Payment j
Urges Increase to 3 P. C.
Billion Dollars Now Hoard?
ed Should Be Put Into j
Circulation, He Insists!
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
SULLIVAN. Ind.. July 3.?Will H. !
Hays, Postmaster General, in a state- |
ment given out here to-day, charged i
past administrations of the United !
States Postoffice Department with prof- j
iteering at the expense of the individ- i
uals who deposited their money in the j
postal savings system. He cited st.atis- ?
tics to show that the postal savings !
system earned a profit of $1,720,000 last j
year, and kept this money, which, he j
said, rightfully belonged to the depos- !
itors. He criticized the custom of with- ?
holding interest on deposits unless the I
money had been on deposit more than i
a year, asserting that the postal sav- I
ings certificates of deposit rclerred to j
no such requirement.
The Postmaster General said that j
$1,000,000.000 was being hoarded in !
this country and must be brought into ?
circulation by making savings plans ?
attractive. He proposed that in a re- I
organisation of his department the i
amount of interest on postal savings I
be raised from 2 to 3 per cent. He i
advocated a sweeping extension of the ?
system to 50,000 postoffices, and made I
Bankers Support Contention
Mr. Hays's plans, which have been :
discussed with leading bankers, will be !
submitted to Congress with the recom
?mendation that the reforms he pro
I poses be made and that the abuses
i pointed out be abolished. The bankers
i agreed with the Postmaster General
! that the government, by paying 3 per
| cent interest on postal savings deposits
? or double the average rate now paid,
?would stiil not be competing with pri
| vate banking institutions. The Post?
master General's statement said:
"It is very certain that the postal
?savings system must be reformed.
! With a treatment of depositors that has
I amounted almost to fraud, with the
: number of offices receiving deposits re?
duced from 12,823 in 1912 to 6,314 in
j 1920, and with no real efforts to secure
j deposits, the postal savings neverthe
I less has practicallv twice as many de
I positors as any other savings bank in
j the country, and pays less than half
i as much interest on deposits.
?'Over 70 per cent of postal savings
i depositors are foreign born or of for
' eign extraction, many trusting no one
j but the. government of the United
! States, in all foreign countries the
| number of depositors in savings and
?Continued on pag.i thre?)
? Beefsteak Dinner Dies of
Grief for J. Barleycorn
?Men ?Now Demanding Salads
and Sweets, Says President
of Caterers' Association
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
CHICAGO, July 3.?Salads and
; sweets arc taking the place of beef
\ steaks and heavy foods on the menus of
I men since prohibition went into effect
and the clay of the famous beefsteak
I dinner has gone, according to Gilbert
i Cowan, president of the American
; Caterers' Association, who will be one
j of the speakers at the opening of the
i American hotel and restaurant equip
! ment exposition in the Coliseum July
111 to Hi.
One of the important questions that
j will come up before the hotel and res
I taurant men of the country while here,
j Mr. Cowan says, will be that of "the
ichanging palate." "Never,before in the
I history of the world," he said, "have
| men's palate, been so sensitive and
; particular. Food must be better pre
! pared and more carefully seasoned and
of superior quality. It must be more
appetizing than in the days when one
or two pre-dinner cocktails stimulated
a jaded appetite."
Gill To-day's Marching
Host 4a Volunteer Mob,
Desecrating Fourth by
Insult to People
Half Million in Line, In?
cluding 10,000 Wom?
en, Promoters Predict
While the half-million pledged pa- !
raders were considering final instruc- j
tions yesterday for their anti-prohibi?
tion march up Fifth Avenue this after- |
noon clergymen end the International j
Reform Bureau were directing a bitter !
attack against the organizers of the
demonstration and those who have
made known their intention of taking
part in it.
Likened to Tories and traitors the
paraders, who will be reviewed by
Mayor Hylan, were accused of being I
the agents of "pent up passions, of j
Godless greed, of poisonous propa?
ganda, of anarchistic agitation and of |
Regardless of their arraignment by!
church authorities the marchers will '
assemble at Washington Square and |
start up Fifth Avenue at 1 o'clock, dis- \
handing at Sixtieth Street. Frank C.
Drake, parade director, will head the j
line. Detachments of tne American
Legion, the United American War Vet?
erans and the Veterans of Foreign
Wars nnd more than 10,000 women are
expected to march.
x Anarchists, Says Dr. Crafts
Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts, superintendent
of the International Reform Bureau,
speaking at the Waverly Congregation?
al Church of Jersey City yesterday j
afternoon, called the anti-prohibition
forces anarchists and law-breakers.
"Another bunch of anarchists will !
make up the anti-prohibition parades I
in New York and Jersey City," he said.
"It would be interesting to see the
roster of names and find how many are I
foreign and how many have been ar- !
rested for lawbreaking. Of course,
they have a right to agitate for repeal
of prohibition by the same long legal
process under which the amendment
was enacted. A repeal of prohibition
in this century is manifestly impos?
sible. The only effect of the parade
will be to encourage violations of the
Constitution. Promoter Drake, who is
getting up the parade, says in justi?
fication of staging if on Independence
Day, *we believe our cause, and the
cause which inspired the Boston Tea
Party are, to some extent at least, of
like nature.' They are not even as
near alike as tea and whisky. The
Bcsion Tea Party broke unjust laws,
in the framing of which they had no
part. We haven't even a right to
throw over whisky when the drys are
outvoted, and surely the wets have no
right to make, or sell or buy, intoxi?
cating beverages when the people, by
constitutional laws, have thrown them
"Mr. Drake is quoted as saying this
parade is to 'represent New York City's
sentiment' on constitutional prohibi?
tion. But New York was represented
at Washington and Albany, not by a
volunteer mob, but by duly elected
Representatives and Senators, in the
submission and ratification of prohibi?
tion and in enactment of both national
and state enforcement laws. The pa?
rade represents only its own foolish?
ness and futility."
Host of "Thwarted Thirsts"
Perhaps the most vitriolic attack
mt-de on "Drake's divisions" was in an
address delivered last night by Dr.
Frederick Brown Harris in Grace
Methodist Episcopal Church, in West
104th Street. It was he who called
the parade one cf pent up passions,
thwarted thirsts and poisonous propa?
"The Eighteenth Amendment to the
Constitution of the United States,"
Dr. Harris said, "dissolves the unholy
alliance between our nation and the
: murderous liquor traffic now outlawed
I by the combined judgment of religion,
?medicine and industry. This last
? amendment is the declaration of inde
\ pendence fur untold numbers who
\ were held in thraldom even worse
| than the iniquitous system done to
death in the fires of the Civil War,
i whose epitaph is the Emancipation
' Proclamation and the Thirteenth
Amendment abolishing human slavery.
! The enactment of the Eighteenth
I Amendment by the orderly and diffi
i cult processes of ngitation, education
; and legislation, expressing as it does
! the deliberate will of the people of
i these United States, was not slipped
! over by fanatics, but was the logical
! verdict of an aroused and enlightened
i nation, 80 per cent of whom already
were living in dry territory even be
! fore the amendment was adopted.
"In 1776 there was a minority of
sulking Tories who were opposed to the
Declaration of Independence and who
supported the tyrannical government
of George HI. Most of them, how
: ever, knew enougii to keen quiet or to
I leave the Colonies. In 1921 the noisy
(Continued on pas? fourteen)
And Is Fired
Geo. Livingston, Director
of ?. S. Market Bureau,
Accused of Ignoring
Ban on Lobby Tactics
He's First to Fall
In Economy Drive
Declared to Have Tried to
Curtailing His Power
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 3.?The first
casualty resulting from a government
bureau chief attempting to retard the
Harding steam roller has occurred.
The plan being worked out for the
reorganization of the various overlap?
ping bureaus did not suit Georfre Liv?
ingston, chief of the bureau of mar?
kets in the Department of Agriculture.
It would have reduced the importance
of his bureau considerably, at the least,
and have put him in another bureau,
perhaps as second in command at the
Disregarding the warning adminis?
tered by President Harding several
w|ks ago, when the President was
first informed that some bureau chiefs
were lobbying in Congress against the
carrying out of any plan which would
decrease their importance, Mr. Living?
ston, according to Administration offi?
cials, kept on working to save his bu?
To-day it was learned that Mr. Liv?
ingston's resignation had been called
for by Secretary of Agriculture Wal?
lace and that Mr. Wallace had ap
1 pointed Dr. H. C. Taylor, chief of the
Bureau of Farm Management, in his
Had Built Up Machine
According to gossip in the depart?
ment, Mr. Livingston, who was pro?
moted to be chief of the Bureau of Mar?
kets about a year ago by Secretary
Meredith, has in that short time de?
veloped a rather powerful machine. The
regulatory authority given his bureau
in the administration of the grain
jgrades, cotton futures, standard bas?
ket and Federal warehouse laws, and
in special executive functions assigned
the bureau in war legislation, afforded
an excellent opportunity for this sort
of thing, which, it is asserted, Mr.
Livingston used to the limit of its pos?
A decided crimp in the effectiveness
of his organization, especially in the
ability of its chief to do favors for
Congressmen and thus build up friend?
ships on Capitol Hill which would
stand him in ?rood stead when he need?
ed votes for his appropriations, was in
sip;ht, however. It was virtually de?
cided, in the plans of the Harding Ad?
ministration for reorganization with a
view to saving money and increasing
efficiency, to take the enforcement
work away from the bureau, consoli?
dating it under a "Special Marketing
Board," which would be under the im?
mediate supervision of the Secretary
of Agriculture. Also the foreign
marketing activities were to be trans?
ferred to the Department of Commerce,
where the already existing organiza
I tion of consuls and foreign trade ex?
perts could easily absorb the work and
Big Savings Possible
An instance of the saving thus
! sketchily outlined, which will perhaps
! give an illustration of the economies
i which are contemplated in the very
I wasteful governmental machine inher
I ited from the Wilson Administration,
j is that more than 4.000 miles of tele
! graph wire on which the government
I was paying a heavy lease to the pri
I vate telegraph companies would be
! abandoned under the pian.
It is charged that Director Living
j ston personally appealed to members
of Congress to vote against these
I changes when they should be submitted
I as legislation, and that he did not
? cease his lobbying activities even after
? Mr. Harding's warning to all bureau
Dr. Taylor, who has been named in
| his place, haj been connected with the
j department for sixteen years and is
j highly regarded by his associates.
?Harding at Jersey 4th Fete
Will Attend Celebration at Rari
tan, but Won't Speak
RAR1TAN, N. J., July 3.?Except for
! attendance at church services and a
short automobile ride in the afternoon,
President Harding spent Sunday rest?
ing at the home of Senator Joseph
S. Frelinghuysen, where he is visiting
over the week end.
To-morrow the President will attend
j a local Fourth of July celebration, but
i has announced that he would not de
; liver an address.
Prince to Visit ludia in Fail
LONDON, July 3.?The Prince of
; Wales will depart on his trip to India
i the end of October.
Father Tries to Kill Innocent
Motorists Who Succored Boy
ATLANTIC CITY, July 3.- George i
Frings and Carl Clement are going to
buy a couple of shotguns before they
; attempt to play the Good Samaritan
'. hereabouts again. They are convinced
that an unarmed Good Samaritan is
at a woeful disadvantage.
Frings is the son of the Chief of
Police of Ventnor City. Clement is a
, commercial artist from New York.
They were passing through Keyport
; last night on their way to a shore re
] sort from New York, when they saw a
motorist run over a boy in the street.
Placing the child in their own car,
, they took him to a hospital in Perth
Amboy. Learning that his home was
in the Hungarian colony on the out?
skirts of Keyport, they drove back there
, to inform his parents of the accident
and where thpy might see their child.
Children in the street directed them
to the home of a Hungarian, and they
, knocked at the door. The man who re
| sponded to their summons, the boy's
father, understood litlte English, and
gathered that these wealthy-looking
callers were trying to tell him that they
had run over his son.
Nodding his head violently to show
that he comprehended the entire mat?
ter, the Hungarian motioned for Frings
and Clement to wait. He stepped back
into the house. When he returned he
held a shotgun at his shoulder. Both
hammers were cocked, the man's twitch?
ing finger was on the trigger and the
muzzle was pointed at his callers.
Before he could pull the trigger
Frings dived and tackled him around
the knees. They came to the floor
with a crash that was drowned in the
reverberation of the shotgun, both bar?
rels of which uad been discharged in
the air at the impact.
At sound of the shct several chil?
dren of the neighborhood ran up and
began explaining to the prostrate Hun?
garian that he had made a mistake,
that these were not the men who had
injured his boy, but had helped him.
He began a profuse apology, but neither
Frings nor Ciemeist waited for it.
British Sentiment Noiv Ripe
For Harding World Program
Differences Among Premiers on Anglo-Japanese
Alliance Make Time Opportune for Suggestion ;
Chance for Triple Entente in Pacific Conference
By Arthur S. Draper
From. 77k5 Tribune's Eurovean Bureau
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, July 3.?-The psychological
moment for launching President liar
aings plan for an association ct na?
tions has arrived as a result of th?
differences of opinion that have arisen
in the British impeftal conference over
the advisability of renewing the Anglo
Japanese alliance, it is believed by ob?
servers close to that body.
As a result of Lord Birkenhead's
interpretation of the treaty, in which
he held that it would continue in force
automatically unless denounced bj
Great Britain or Japan, the dominion
premiers have shifted their agenda and
postponed a final decision on the alii
| anee question. But as a result of th(
i differences of opinion among the mem
. bers of the conference themselves, this
! respite has been most welcome. Ii
j the interim, it is suggested. Presiden
! Harding's opportunity is ripe to pre
j sent a plan to link the nations in .
| pledge to reduce national armament
; and thereby restrict the possibilitie
| of future wars.
? The hope that has been developin
j in influential circles here is that i
i tryinnr to find a solution for the seriou
? problems confronting the nations in the
Pacific President Harding may discover
i a means of organizing the nations of
! the world on a common basis for the
preservation of international peace.
Attitude of U. S. Supported
Developments in the imperial con
; ference to date show that the Canadian
; and South African representatives are
: in full sympathy with the attitude of
i the United States toward the treaty.
! The other members of the conference
are not hostile to the American point
! of view, but it is certainly true that
j they regard the advantage to be gained
? under the treaty as outweighing any
| injury which its renewal might have
on Anglo-American relations.
An ultimate solution may be found
| in an international Pacific conference,
? in which Great Britain, Japan, China
I and the United States would be repre
' sented. Out of such a meeting the
\ British would hope to bring a triple en
1 tente. Recent reports from Washing
: ton that President Harding, through
| Secretary Hughes, is exchanging views
! with representatives of the nations
j which would be interested in such a
conference encourage the hope that a
j triple agreement might be reached. If
I such an arrangement could be made, in
? which Japan, Great Britain and the
United States united for the preserva?
tion of the peace of the Pacific, the
Japanese treaty would be abandoned.
If some substitute for the present
(Continued on next pape)
'Glory to U. S.,"
Achievements of Army and |
People in Allied Cause
Epitomized in Holiday
Message of Commander
Energy Astounded Enemy
Records Are Cited to Show
Amazing Rapidity With
Which the Nation Acted
PARIS, July 3 (By The Associated
\ Press)/?Marshal Ferdinand Foch of
j France, commander-in-chief of the
| Allied armies, sent a message to-day to
j the American nation on the occasion
? of the anniversary of the Declaration
? of Independence.
The message embodies a tribute to
' the American army, paid by the man
i who led to victory the Allied forces
with which that army fought, and to
? the people of the United States as a
: whole for their "unparalleled effort in
; every branch of national activity,"
| which did so much to bring ultimate
; triumph to the Allied armies.
It was Germany's intention, says
! the Marshal, to settle the fate of the
i Entente before the United States could
j get effectively into the struggle, but
] America, ''acting strongly and quickly,
1 ruined the plans of our adversary."
; Shows United States Help Effective
Marshal Foch goes fully into the
? record and details the various steps
through which American help was
, given to the forces arrayed against
: Germany in the great struggle. He
! points out the needs of the Allied
I fighting front in the early stages of
: the crucial 1918 campaign, and how,
item by item, the American aid to meet
? these needs was given?in men, ships
; and supplies?as a result of the con
' c?ntrate?! national effort, and finally
! the great and telling part played by
? the American army organization on the
? battlefields and behind* the lines in
France. Marshal Foch's message reads:
"In celebrating America's Independ
i ence Day in union with the United
States, France does not only commem
I orate the heroic days when Lafayette
| with the best of her sons brought help
? to the noble cause of the liberty and
i independence of the United States, but
; she commemorates also the days more
\ recent and not less heroic when the
j American nation stood up fully bent
upon the defense of another great and
i noble cause?the liberty of the world,
, which was in danger. France, in fact,
| can never forget what America did to
j help in the great and complete triumph
: of right over brutal strength.
"To-day before the world, on this
| great anniversary, what was the
'? American effort for victory, what was
\ its cooperation on the battlefields of
? 1918, is for him who had the terrible
i responsibility of leading into battle
? 6,000,000 soldiers to him committed by
tin- Allied and associated goverr
? ments one more opportunity which he
eagerly embraces to pay homage to the
(Continued on next page)
25,000 idle as Mexican
Oil Drilling Is Halted
Producers Deny Shutdown Is
Reprisal Against Tax, as Situ?
ation Grows Serious
MEXICO CITY, July 3 (by the As?
sociated Press). Labor conditions in
T&mpico are described as acute, with
more than 25,000 men out of work as
a result of the cessation of oil drill?
ing in that region. The representatives
of the petroleum companies here deny
the shutdown is an act of reprisal
against President Obregon's recent
decree increasing the export taxes on
oil. and the Minister of Commerce and
Industry, Rafael* Zubaran-Capmany,
has likewise issued a statement declar?
ing the situation is due to the declin?
ing price of oil and the lack of demand
President Obregon is understood to
have told the oil men that there would
be no deviation from his recent decree,
which became effective last Friday!
The President is scheduled to meet a
delegation representing the Tampico
workmen to-day relative to the situa?
tion, and it is believed probable the
government will extend some form of
aid until drilling is resumed. Another
delegation from Tampico now is in
Orizaba, where the National Confed?
eration of Labor is holding a conven?
tion, to explain the position in Tam
Ohject of Tokio-London Pact
Only Peace in Far East
and Open Trade in China.
Says Japanese Envoy
"Not Even for Defense"
!Well Understood, Declares
Shidehara, Treaty Never
Could Be Aimed at U. S.
WASHINGTON, July 3.?Baron Shi
' dehara, the Japanese Ambassador, in a
i formal statement to-day, discussing
| the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, declares
j that "by no stretch of the imagination
can it honestly be said that the alli
? anee was ever designed or remotely in
I tended as an instrument of hostility or
I even defense against the United
"Negotiations looking to the renewal
'. of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance have
| not yet begun," says the statement.
"In the mean time a campaign seems
j to be actively at work misrepresenting
! the possible effect of the alliance upon
the United States. By no stretch of
I the imagination can it be honestly
! stated that the alliance was ever de
' siened cr remotely intended as an in
I strument of hostility or even of de
j fense against the United States.
"The Anglo-Japanese Alliance, ^n its
; history for nearly twenty years, has
i twice been renewed. In each case the
j fundamental policy underlying it has
remained unchanged. It aims perma
, nently to preserve and to consolidate
the general peace of the Far East. The
original agreement of 1902, in line with
that policy, was calculated to localize
any war which might be forced upon
either contracting party in defense of
its defined interests or vital security.
Approved by America
"It was made when China was under
menace of foreign aggression, and the
United States, showing the utmost
friendliness toward both parties to the
alliance, viewed the compact with sym?
pathy and approval.
"In 1905, when the alliance was re?
newed and revised to meet the changed
conditions that followed the Russo
Japanese war, no thought occurred to
the statesmen of cither country that
the United States might possibly be?
come a potential enemy of either, and
for that reason, and that alone, no pro?
vision was inserted taking so remote a
contingency into consideration.
"The alliance was again revised in
1911, and Article IV of that agreement
contains the following provision:
"Should either high contracting party
j conclude a treaty of general arbitra
I tion with a third power it is agreed
j that nothing in this agreement shall en
I tail upon such contracting party an ob
| ligation to go to war with the power
I with whom such treaty or arbitration
, is in force.
Sought to Except U. S.
"This provision, in its relation to the i
i United States, has often been made the
! subject of conflicting1 interpretations.
To a practical mind, however, the cir- '
i cumstances which led up to its inclu
; sion should at once serve to remove
! all doubt regarding its significance.
! The idea of revising the alliance in
1911 was conceived primarily with the
(Continued on next pao?)
? Benjamin Nicoll Dies
Suddenly at a Dance
Coal ami Steel Man Victim of
Heart Disease After Seeing
BERNARDSVILLE, N. J., July 3.?
I Benjamin Nicoll, coal dealer and for
; ner polo player, a brother of DeLancey
'? Nicoll, died from heart disease last
: night at a dance at the Somerset Hills
i Country Club here.
He went to the Dempsey-Carpentier
I right yesterday, had dinner with Mr.
and Mrs. Thorn Kissel at their home
? here and went with them to the dance.
He had danced several times when he
fell to the lawn senseless^ When rned
i ical aid reached him he was dead.
Funeral services will be held
Wednesday at his late home on Sussex
I Avenue, Morriatown. His widow, Mrs.
! Grace Lord Nicoll; his daughter, Mrs.
j John Sloane, and his son, Cortlaodt
] Nicoll, survive him. Mr. Nico!) was
| graduated from Princeton in 1877 and
I was a member of the coal, iron, steel
i and coke firm of R. Nicoll & Co., of I
i New York, He was a member of the |
University, Racquet, Downtown and I
Morris County Golf clubs. I
U. S. to Seek
Direct Diplomacy To Be
Resumed at Once; No
Difficulty Is Anticipated
in Protecting Interests
Houghtoii Is Slated
Corning, N. Y., Man, Is
Backed by Hughes and
Congressmen of State
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, July 3.?Direct
discussions with Germany?the first
since Johann von Bernstorff was
packed off to Berlin after the re?
sumption of unrestricted submarine
warfare?will be the next step in the
Harding peace program. The sign?
ing by the President yesterday of
the Knox-Porter resolution reestab?
lishing a state of peace clears the
way for this final touch in restoring
normal relations between Germany
and the United States.
The negotiations will result in at
treaty of amity and commerce, the
kind which this country has with
nearly every country in the world?
the kind that was abrogated with
Russia because of the pogroms. This
treaty will contain also, according to
the best information obtainable here,
clauses approving those sections of
the peace resolution signed yester?
day, with a view to safeguarding all
American rights provided in the ar?
mistice and in the Treaty of Ver?
Covenant Still an Issue
This does not mean, necessarily,
that the President has finally de?
cided to scrap the Versailles Treaty
so far as this country is concerned.
Many of his advisers hope that this
will be done, but Secretary Hughes
and Secretary of Commerce Hoover,
generally regarded as having more
influence on the conduct of foreign
affairs than any of the Senatorial
group, still regard, it i? believed, the
ratification of the Versailles Treaty
with amendments and reservations?
as the most practical method of ad?
justing the situation. These amend?
ments and reservations, of course,
would be even more sweeping than (
what are generally known as the '
Lodge reservations. Certainly they r
would exclude the entire covenant of '
the League of Nation?.
The Republican Senatorial gronp,
however, even those who originally
favored ratification of ti'e Versailles
Treaty with the Lodge reservation?- ?
such Senators as Lodge, Wadswortl.,
New and others who never joined the
Irreconcilable group lei by Borah,
Johnson, Brandegee and Knox- are Bet
firmly against the rcsubmission of the
Versailles Treaty. This course it is
declared, would at once precipitate a
battle between the President and the
Senate which would approach, aven if
it did not equal, the bitterness of the
fight between ?'resident Wilson and
New Treaties May Be Substituted
If the President pursues the path of
peace with the Senate-, and anally
throws the Versailles Treaty overboard,
there will have to be new treaties with
the Allies covering points of the Ver?
sailles Treaty in which this government
No particular difficulty is anticipat?
ed here either in getting Germany to
agree to whatever is desired?such as
approval of the actions of the Alien
Property Custodian and recognition of
the commandeering of her in'erned
shipping?or in the negotiations with
the Allies in the event the Versatile*
Treaty route is-not used. It is pointe i
out that It would be just as necessary
to discuss the situation with the Ai
lies and reach a written agreement
over a partial ratification of the Ver?
sailles Treaty as it would to frame a
new treaty. Indeed, there are those
who think the new treaty plan would
be simpler and less ant to lead to con?
Interest has turned also to the nomi?
nation of an Ambassador to Germany
and to the receiving ot i? German Am?
bassador here. Dispatches from Berlin
indicate that Professor Lujo Brentano,
o." Munich, may be sent by the German
Houghton May Go to Berlin
Representative Alanson B. Houghton,
of Corning. N. Y., is believed to be
President Harding's choice for Ambas?
sador to Germany. Mr. Houghton was
i born in Cambridge, Mass., and was
graduated from Harvard, class of 1886.
| He afterward studied at the Univerai
! ties of Goetn-ngen, Berlin and Paris.
He is a recognized authority on eco?
nomics and financial questions, credit
having been given him by Lord Bryce
in th? first edition of The American
; Commonwealth for his contributions
! on this subject. Mr. Houghton has the
? backing for the place of the members
1 of the House Foreign Affairs Commit?
tee, of which he was a member last
; session, and of every Republican mem
\ ber of the House from New York.
Senators Wadsworth and Calder and
National Committeeman Hilles have
urged his oppointment on the Presi?
dent, and Secretary Hughes, who is a
personal friend, is known to admire
\ his ability and to think him well quali
' lied for the post. Some very power
? ful figures in Republican national poli
! tics also have urged Mr. Houghton?
Mr. Houghton is not only a scholar
and writer. He was selected to rep
1 resent New York with Mr. Mott on
the House Ways and Means Committee
this session because he is a business
i man. He is president and active head
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