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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
First to Last?the Truth
Vol. LXXXI No. 27,276
Naw York Tribun? Inc.)
News?Editorials ? A dvertisements
Fair to-day and to-morrow; moderate
temperatures; moderate west and
Full Keport on I.??: Vane
JULY 21, 1921
* * # *
in Greater New York
WM hin -'00 Mile*
FOT K CENTS
De Valera to
Llovd George Lays Irish
Plan, Which Is Called!
Generous, Before King
After Cabinet Approves j
Dail Eireaim Will
Hear Terms Soon
Smuts Expected to Meet
Sinn Fein Chiefs and
Ulstermen Next Week
LONDON, July 20 (By The Asso- j
dated Tress).?The British Cabinet i
sat for two hours and a half this even- '
?r,(r. considering the Irish plans, after j
which Premier Lloyd George went to j
Buckingham Palace and laid before
the King, whose interest in an Irish
settlement is the keenest, the proposals
for submission to Eamon de Valera,
the Irish Republican leader, at to-mor- !
The Prime Minister presided at the
Cabinet council, which was held in the
House of Commons, and outlined for
the benefit of those ministers who had
rot been closely concerned in the
Irish negotiations the history of re?
cent events and the Premier's new of?
fer '.o Ireland, which is described as
being drawn on generous lines.
Financial Details Settled
It is understood that the financial
arrangements in the new offer have
given considerable trouble to the min?
sters, but eventually after consulta?
tion with Sir Robert Stevenson Home,
Chancellor of the Exchequer, and tha
treasury officials, the various provi?
cero agreed to. It is also un?
derstood that the general lines of the
Premier's offer have the approval of
.Austen Chamberlain, the gvernment
eader in the House of Commons; Sir
Robert Stevenson Home, Sir Laming
tt'orthington Evans, Secretary of War,
and other ministers, and that probably,
th some modifications, the entire
cabinet will assent to the proposals,
-: ? i c I j will be reduced to writing f or j
esentation to Mr. De Valera.
Whether Mr. Lloyd George has suc
? ded in overcoming the reluctance of
Sir James Craig, the Ulster Premier,
?y join a tripartite conference is not:
?.own, but sn announcement that Sir j
Fi mes is coming to London again, j
??! obably next week, is considered aj
uvorable omen, and in any case no i
!>int of a breakdown in the- negotia- j
(ions is apparent. These, however, |
muy be more protracted than had been \
Mr. De Valera gave a reception to- t
: ight, which was attended by members |
d executives of the various ? Irish !
, lizations in Great Britain.
De Valera to Consult at Home
To-morrow's meeting between De Va- .
rra un?! Lloyd George will probably be;
their last before the return of the,
south Ireland delegates to Dublin. :
Following their arrival in Ireland a
_' of the Irish republican Parlia- '?
ment will, in all likelihood, be convened ?
to give the republican leader an oppor- ?
ttraity to report and take fresh cour sel ?
?>'i the new complexions which the j
Downing Street parleys may have I
nlaced upon the old questions and to ?
'ormulate a policy respecting such is- ?
?es as may have originated during :
'hese talks. I
It is problematical whether Mr. De !
Valera will then go to Belfast for a \
meeting with Sir James Craig, which \
was forecast this morning in some j
(.?arters as a probability; whether he j
will resume what he has termed his
'Song-range bombardment" with Lloyd
George, with the one in Dublin and
the other in London, or whether the
Bouthern Irish leaders will signify their
belief that the continuation of the par?
ley v.ould be unlikely to produce the
The last contingency, however, is
still considered at Irish headquarters
as the least probable of the three al?
One point upon which Mr. De Valera
will be urged by his colleagues to
make representations to Mr. Lloyd
George before the return of the South
Ireland delegation to London from j
Publin will be what the Republican
leader's advisers regard as the un?
favorable background created by the
Eritish Premier's maintenance of the
"two-nation idea" by seeing Mr. De
Valera and Sir James Craig separately.
"Some members of our party see in
this a desire on the part of the Pre?
mier to hold before the world the
familiar picture of two separate enti?
ties within Ireland, which contradicts
the very essence of our case," said a
man who enjoys the confidence of the
"In view of our refusal to sit at the
conference table with Mr. Lloyd
George and the Ulsterites," he contin?
ued, "it would seem that our objections
on this point were unjustifiable, but
*'hat we desire to have made clear is
(Continued on next page)
Herrick Unable to Find
Suitable Home in Paris
Ambassador Has Small Villa,
but No Room to Enter?
PARIS, July 20 (By The Associated
Press).?Myron T. Herrick, the Ameri?
can Ambassador, is likely to find him?
self homeless after October 1 unless he
nas the good fortune in the mean time
to find a house such as he needs. His
?on searched a long time before the Am?
bassador arrived, but found only the
small Villa Carches, ten miles from the
embassy, which is just large enough to
J0'?d Mr. Herrick's family, with no room
Meantime, Ambassador Herrick, who
"as had to make ceremonial calls on bis
colleagues in the diplomatic corps, has
De?n obliged to receive them, when they
returned the courtesy, in his office at
the chancellery. When he unexpectedly
was met by Premier Briand at the sta?
tion on his arrival Mr. Herrick was
pU.?'1 embarrassed on being asked by M.
Briand where he could take him. The
ambassador could only ask to be driven
r-0 the apartment of one of the attach?s
?? the embassy.
? h s far Mr- Herrick has called on
?ne Italian and Japanese ambassadors
and the Belgian Minister, all of whom
??ewed him in the magnificent homes
Belonging to their countries.
Costly Public Concert Cards
Used to Boom Hylan Campaign
Mayor Hylan is to appear July 28 at
a concert tendered to the civic socie?
ties of Richmond Hill and its neigh?
borhood on the grounds of the Rich?
mond Hill High School. There is to
be a band concert and Miss Helen
Stover, soprano of the Metropolitan
Opera Company, will sing. According
to information obtained last night
20,000 invitations have been issued by
Park Commissioner Albert C, Ben
ninger. They are elaborately printed on
cards bearing the seal of the City of
Churches throughout the Borough
of Queens have been supplied with
thousands of the printed invitations
and suggestions that they be circu?
lated among members. Churches of
all denominations appear to have been
equally favored. The invitation reads:
"Park Commissioner Benninger re?
quests the honor of your presence to
meet Hon. John F. Hylan, Mayor of the
City of New York, at a concert tendered
to the civic societies of Richmond Hill
and its environs on the grounds of the
Richmond Hill High School."
This is followed by the date and an
announcement that "Goldman's Cele?
brated Concert Band will play" and the
signature of Philip Berolzhcimer as
Many churches to which heavy con?
signments of the cards were sent are
said to have returned them with in?
dignant protests against, being involved
in electioneering plans of the Mayor
and his political associates.
Questions also are being asked as
to why public money should be ex?
pended in printing elaborate invita?
tions to a meeting with Mayor Hylan.
Jt was learned last night that the
civic societies of Richmond Hill and
it3 environs had no idea they were to
be favored with a band concert or
with an appearance by Mayor Hylan
until Commissioner Benninger's beau
' tifully printed invitations descended on
| the locality.
?arn?s, in 69.
Sets Low Mark
In Golf Match
Pride of Pelham Races In
With 33, One Ahead o?
Brady, Furnishing Sensa?
tion of National Tourney
88 in First Round To-dav
All Stars In, With Contest
Too Evenly Balanced to
Hazard Picking Winner
By Grantland Rice
WASHINGTON, July 20.?The gaunt,
angular shadow of Long Jim Barnes,
I the Pride of Pelham, fell across the
| field to-day, leaving the others in the
shade as he strode majestically around
in the record-breaking figures of 69,
| the sole delegate from the long two
; day caravanserie to clip below 70
J through his wizardry over wood and i
I iron. Long Jim, of the hawk-like fea?
tures and the Ostermoorish mop of
! hair, with a freshly plucked clover leaf
? dangling from his mouth, led Mike
| Brady by a single strode as he raced
home in 33, just a trifle faster pace!
than even the brilliant Duncan could j
follow. Barnes's magnificent round '
was the feature of a qualifying day j
that added forty-five new names to
Tuesday's list, leaving eighty-eight j
survivors who .start to-morrow in the I
big steeplechase for America's open ?
championship cup, where the test will I
call for 72 holes of medal play. i
Once again 78 proved to be the magic
number, although those drawing 78 ;
to-day barely skidded into port. There !
were thirty-three at 77 or better as the!
class of 78 hung around the big score |
board and offered low muttere> prayers
to the gods of golf for safe deliverance'
from an unkempt fate. Jesse Guil- ?
ford, the new Massachusetts champion,;
was one of these, and for the greater !
part of the afternoon the Boston Siege
Gun looked as happy as a man who had
just lost a right eye.
All Ready for Big Show To-day
As it all worked out everything is
now in perfect detail for Thursday's
big show. All the stars are in. The
three British delegates, Duncan, Mitch?
ell and Kirkwood, are set for their
big offensive to take back the cup.
But with Barnes, Hutchison, Hagcn,
Brady, McLeod, Evans, Jones and a
gallant brood of other stars manning
the ramparts, only super-brilliant work
; by outside talent will leave an empty
j niche in Uncle Sam's cupboard, where
the sedate old gentleman is making
? quite a collection of late.
Two big galleries in to-day's test
i were supplied with enough thrills to
i last a fortnight. In the forenoon they
! saw Jim Barnes and George Duncan
! make the ancient game look ridiculous.
i With the crimson arm bands of the
scorers and marshals and the usual
| gay and gaudy bedeckments of the
! generally fairer sex there was a vivid
: splash of color to the gallery which
: swung out after Long Jim and Light?
ning George, who were taking par by
i the throat and shaking its teeth loose.
Barnes was out in 36. with Duncan
! taking 38. But upon the homeward
'journey both stars unfurled every kink
I with a display of genius that kept the
| steaming multitude in an almost un
i broken roar of applause. Duncan, two
| strokes back of Barnes at the turn,
! took his first jump forward by drop
iping a 3 at the 440-yard tenth, and
i from that point on the brilliant Scot
?was in his finest mood up to within a
i stride of the pin. He caught Barnes
! at the eleventh, and at the 500-yard
i twelfth, after two slashing drives bc
; yond the 300-yard marker, both barely
i missed their 3s.
Both played the short thirteenth in
'oar 3s. and at the fourteenth, 408 yards
lon_. Duncan planted his approach less
?than three feet from the pin, on ly'to
have his putt ht the rim and flutter
'out Again at the fifteenth Duncan
i planted his approach less than three
(Continued on page thirteen)_
Curran Lead at
Anti - Tammany Conferees
Also Mention Untermyer.
Wallis, Smith, Calder, Mc
Aneny, Haskell for Mayor
i Call Hylan 'Blunderbuss'
i 300 at Commodore Session;
Slate Due by Monday and
Platform Is To Be Revised
Borough President Henry II. Curran
? of Manhattan and Senator Charles C.
Lockwood, of Brooklyn, judging from
the way they were nominated and in?
dorsed informally yesterday afternoon
at the anti-Tammany "town meeting"
in the ballroom of the Hotel Commo?
dore, are the leading candidates for
?the fusion nomination for Mayor.
F. A. Wallis, Immigration Commis?
sioner had many friends in the con
! ferencc, which was attended by about
300 Republicans, Coalitionists, inde?
pendent Democrats and other anti
1 Tammany people. About one-third
Samuel Untermyer, ex-Governor Al?
fred E. Smith, Transit Commissioner
George McAneny, United States Sena?
tor Calder, County Judge Reuben L.
Haskell, of Brooklyn, and Henry S.
Thompson, of Manhattan. were
boomed for the nomination, but the
nominations of some of them were not
seconded, and the mention of their
names came in most part from enthu?
Henry W. Taft Presides
Henry W. Taft, chairman of the anti
Tammany conference committee, other?
wise known as the steering committee,
presided at the "town meeting." He
reviewed what had been done by the
committee, and said that it was now
ready to take up for consideration can?
didates and platform. He said there.
; were several anti-Tammany organiza
I tions that had declined to join in the
generiil conference, preferring to let
the primaries decide who the candidates
"If there is not a fusion of forces
against Tammany before the primaries
it is most certain that fusion will not
come after the primaries," said Mr.
He then said that he understood that
| a number of names were to be pre
i sented to the conference, and he hoped
i the suggestions made would help the
; committee in the selection of the right
! men. Looking over the names Mr. Taft
suggested that Henry 11. Curran seemed
to have the largest following, and he
would call upon his sponsors to pre?
sent his name first.
Douglas Mathewson, former Presi
! dent of the Borough of the Bronx, and
! former Deputy Comptroller, made the
i leading speech in nominating Borough
? President Curran. He said that Major
? Curran would prove a strong and suc
! cessful candidate, who, if elected,
I v/ould give to New York a Mayor and
! a head to the Board of Estimate, and
I who would do his full part in getting
j the city government back on a sound
Calls City's Condition Deplorable
"I represent no organization," said
' Mr. Mathewson, "but in appearing be
i fore you I believe I am voicing the
! sentiment of many people in our city.
i As a business proposition, New York
! City is in a deplorable condition to
: day. Even the fact that our bonds and
j credits are good, backed by New York's
? immeasurable wealth, does not detract
| from the fact that in some respects our
: liabilities exceed our assets. Had the
| budget made last year contained all
j the figures that should rightly have
been in it, the city would have ex
? ceeded the 2 per cent tax limit imposed
on it by its charter. The burden of
! the financial management is being felt,
j not only by the land owner, but also
, by the rent payer, who pays the tax
j apportioned out of his rent. The sit
(.Continued on page four)
Millions Lost as Fire Rages
In Rich Mexican Oil Fields
MEXICO CITY, July 20 (By The As
l sociated Press).?A great fire in the
! Amatlin oil fields has destroyed prop
' erty to the value of several million
: dollars, and so far as is known is not
' yet under control.
! Advices from Tampico, which are met*.
| ger, say that two wells ore burning
land that lot 162 has been devastated.
i This lot comprises approximately 35
! hectares, or about 85 acres.
One of the oil companies here has t
i been informed that the fire was caused
by lightning, which ignited two wells'
simultaneously. The consensus among
i oil men in Mexico City is that the fire
? was accidental, even if it was not1
! caused by lightning, and that there was
I no deliberate attempt at sabotage, as ;
I had been rumored earlier in the day.
Troops have been rushed to Amatlan,
i and workmen from other districts are
i aiding in lighting the flames, their
j efforts being directed toward prevent?
ing the fire from spreading. At first
it was believed the rich oil fields of
Zacamixtla were threatened, but late
advices say the wind veered, saving
The firp started in the property of
Wollett & Thompson and spread quick?
ly. There were twenty-three wells be?
ing drilled in Lot 162, it is said, but
the number already operating is un?
The Amatlan field is one of the rich?
est in the State of Vera Cruz. It lies
between Tuxpam and Tampico, about
thirty-five miles northwest of the for?
mer city and some seventy miles south?
west of Tampico.
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
MEXICO CITY, July 20.?Although
"?.he oil well fires in the Amatlan dis?
trict apparently wer?* due to accidental
causes reports are in circulation that
the blazo was caused by discharged
workmen. The Federal government
probably will send an expert commis?
sion to investigate, since the firing of
cil wells by rebels would be likely to
result in claims against Mexico.
Amone firms holding property in the
? lot which is being ruined by the fire
are the Corona Texas Oil Company,
1 Mexican Petroleum and the Norman.
Asserts PlayersWon Third
Game After Telling the
Fixers They Would Not
Back Kerr, a "Busher"
For Three Hours
Stieks to Chief Charges
Despite Bitler Attack
of Defense Attorneys
CHICAGO, July 20.?Bill Burns, the ;
state's chief strength in the baseball |
scandal trial, to-day finished his story j
of how he and others conspired with i
eight Chicago White Sox players for
them to throw the 1919 world series to
Cincinnati. The admitted accomplice
in the alleged sell-out then withstood
three hours of nerve racking cross-ex?
amination by two defense attorneys, in
which he fought a give and take battle,
never weakening in the essential facts
of his story, although several times
badly confused on incidental details.
At the end of his twelfth hour on
the stand the witness appeared ex?
hausted. His body was limp in the
witness chair, his evos were half
closed, but his head was held back and
his answers still came clearly and de?
fiantly, despite a torrent of innuen?
does, disparaging remarks about his
mentality and character and other bit?
ter verbal shots heaped on him by his
Players Double-Crossed Fixers
After finishing his story of Cincin?
nati conference between himself, Abe
Attell and Bennett, whom he identified
yesterday as David Zelser, of Des
Moines. Iowa, a defendant. Burns told
of further meetings in Chicago, of how
the players double-crossed the alleged
fixers by winning the third game when
they were not paid after the first two
and of how he agreed with Ban John?
son, president of the American League,
and John Tyrrell, Assistant State's At?
torney, to come to Chicago and testify
for the state. He denied that he was
paid other than his expenses for his
testimony, or that he was promised any
reward, and stuck steadfastly to these
statements under cross-examination.
He was then turned over to James
C. ("Ropes") O'Brien, who earned his
nickname and fame in the Middle West
by sending many men to the gallows
when he was Assistant State's Attorney.
Under O'Brien's examination, Burns
at first appeared hesitant in his an?
swers. After half an hour of repartee,
in which he successfully met Mr.
O'Brien's wit and sarcasm with replies
equally as witty and sarcastic, Burns
appeared to gain confidence, and, sit?
ting erect, answered all questions in a
clear voice, heard all over the court
room. Yesterday the jury had diffi?
culty in hearing him, and many times
the reporters had to repeat his an?
O'Brien Grills- Witness
Mr. O'Brien caused Burns to repeat
his direct testimony that he had twice
met Chick Gandil in the Warner Hotel
in Chicago while games were being
played here. Then O'Brien said:
"Don't you know that Gandil never
lived in the Warner Hotel in this
series? Don't you know that he and
other players you say you met at the
Warner lived at the Tyson"
"I only know that I met Gandil at
the Warner," replied Burns.
"And Gandil told you there that he
was through and wouldn't throw any
more games, that he would accept your
offers of money that"-began Mr.
"If you say he did, I guess he did,"
Burns replied sharply. "He's your
client and he knows more about this
case than 1 do."
Burns then testified that he talked
j with Nick Allen, a Cincinnati player,
! the morning of the third game of the
I "Don't you know the Cincinnati team
! was out practicing at that time?"
! shouted O'Brien.
"I don't know what the team was
1 doing, but I know I talked with Allen,"
i said Burns. This conversation had
; nothing to do with the alleged con
After Mr. O'Brien. Thomas Nash,
representing Buck Weaver, took up
another styie of examination. Mr. Nash
' got chummy with the witness, calling
< him "Bill" and ashing several ques
i tions in a soft, quiet manner and then
: suddenly shooting some sharp query
: at the witness.
Burns Confused in Minor Points
He questioned Burns closely about
I the hours of alleged meetings with the
I indicted players, the distances between
! hotels in Cincinnati, room numbers
i and such details, and at times Burns
! was somewhat confused, oj?ce refusing
: to answer questions until told by
? Judge Friend to do so.
Asked about his statement that he
told the ball players in a hotel room in
Cincinnati that he "had ?100,000 tor
the series to be thrown," Mr. O'Brien
asked him if he had not lied then.
"No," said Burns.
"But you didn't have $100,000 on
"1 meant 1 could get ?? started
! Burns- ? -, r>>o ?
"Answer yes or no. said O fcsrien.
"No, I didn't have it."
It was on such points as this that
' Burns got in the most trouble during
the questioning. But, when questioned
closely about the alleged meetings
i with the players, the witness was not
? shaken in his first story.
On direct examination Burns said he
(Continued o? ???? ?'*)
! Out of Town
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telephone Beekman 3000.
Wilson Gave [
Britain 25 I
Years to Pav
Secret Commitment May;
Be Binding, Mellon !
Tells Senators in Plea
for Broad Authority
Offer Never Was Finally
Accepted; inquiry on
Subject Is Unanswered:
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 20.?Testimony '
of Secretary of the Treasury Mellon j
i before the Senate Finance Committee |
to-day relating to the funding of the :
\ foreign debt of about $10,000,000,000 !
| developed that the Treasury Depart- j
| ment under the Wilson Administration I
j negotiated with the British government
| for spreading the payment of the Brit- |
| ish share of the indebtedness over a !
' period of twenty-five years. This debt, i
exclusive of interest, amounts to $4,- |
The negotiations went so far that. '
they may have committed this govern- j
ment, the Secretary said, and he ad
I vised the committee that he might be
I "morally obligated" to abide by the
! understandings which had been reached
j in these negotiations.
\ The testimony of Secretary Mellon
was backed by that of Assistant Sec
j retary of the Treasury Eliot Wads
worth, who also was before the com
, tnittee. Members of the committee
j were astonished by the disclosures that
! this government may have got itself
, entangled into commitments from
which it will not be easy to extricate.
I itself. That negotiations took place on
| the subject was well known, but it was
? generally supposed they had come to
' nothing and had not resulted in a com
I mitment. Nor was it understood that
! the previous Administration was will
: ing to stretch repayment over so long
; a period.
j The negotiations, it was brought out,
? were between a representative of the
; British government and Albert Rath
? bone, former Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury. Both Mr. Mellon and Mr.
. Wadsworth advised the committee that
i they resulted in an agreement, in May,
: 1920, whereby payment of the British
; debt to this country, principal and in
? terest, was to be extended over a period
i of twenty-five years.
Agreement on Interest
j It was part of the agreement that the
I American government was to make no
j demand on the British government for
principal or interest until the negotia
1 lions had been completed for funding
the British indebtedness. With respect
I to the accrued interest, the negotia
: Lions resulted in an understanding
; whereby the amount due from Great
1 Britain was to be extended over a pe
j riod of twelve years. One-thirtieth was
j to be paid the first, second and third
j years, one-fifteenth the fourth year and
? the balance in eight years.
Mr. Wadsworth said no payment on
, principal or interest was to begin un- j
] der the arrangement until the begin?
ning of the British fiscal year 1922.
I The" period for repayment of the debt,
j including interest other than that al
. ready accrued, was to be from 1922 to
The negotiations had proceeded to a
I point where they had reached definite
! form, when they were abruptly termi
i nated at the instance of Great Britain,
; Secretary Mellon indicated.
Secretary Mellon told the committee
! he had sent a letter to the British Am
] bassador May 11, embodying a memo
! randum on the present state of the ne
? gotiations. He said he had not re
i ceived a response and the commit
! ments may become the subject of fur
j ther negotiations between the Treas?
ury Department and the British gov
$407,000,000 Now Due
Mr. Wadsworth presented to the
' committee a detailed statement of the
; interest thus far accrued and due from
the British and other governments. It
: showed a. total of $943,534,000. Of
i this, 5407,000.000 is due from Great
Britain, $284,000,000 from France and
: smaller sums from other countries.
Senators La Follette, of Wisconsin.
? and Reed, of Missouri, pressed Secre
: tary Mellon to find out whether the
Treasury Department proposed to de?
fer payments of principal or interest.
"Mr. Mellon said the Treasury Depart
; ment was seeking broad authority
I from Congress under the bill now
i pending, to be prepared for any eon
I tingency which might arise. Negotia
I tions by his predecessor, he said, had
not been concluded, but he admitted
i they might have an important bearing
j on ' negotiations hereafter.
"There can be no doubt," said Mr.
Mellon, "that representations were
made by the Treasury Department in
the past by my predecessor, in fact.
< looking toward a deferment of the
payment of both principal and inter?
est, and I might feel morally, or even
legally, obligated by those represen?
tations or negotiations."
The testimony showed that former
I Assistant Secretary Rathbone went to
Europe expressly to make arrange?
ments about the British debt. Sec?
retary Mellon said the negotiations of
i Mr. Rathbone were at first oral, but
! later were reduced to written raemo
| randa, which are now in possession of
the Treasury Department.
j Senator Penrose, chairman of the
I committee, said the secret correspond?
ence and memoranda relative to the
, foreign debt, which had been sent to
the Judiciary Committee by former
Secretary Houston, had been turned
j over to the Finance Committee. He
I pointed to a large number of packing
J cases in one corner of the committee
! room and told members of the com
| mittee they were at liberty to examine
Senator Penrose said he hoped to
' conclude hearings on the bill to pive
| the Secretary broad powers in refund
! ing Saturday, and to report it soon
and make it the unfinished business.
Argentina Refuses to Mediate
BUENOS AVRES. July 20.?The Ar?
gentine Republic has declined to medi
; ate between Panama and Costa Rica
in the. territorial dispute which last
March caused open hostilities between
1 the two Central American nations and
; prompted the United States to send sev
! eral sharp notes to the isthmus before
Powers Ask America to Mediate
in Effort to Avert Silesian War
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, July 2g.?The United States has been asked informally
by several nations interested in the Silesian situation to mediate in the
new difficulties which threaten to result in open warfare, it became
known here to-day.
There is doubt, however, whether the United States will consent
to this. The American position is understood here to be that the
United States will not participate in any boundary disputes unless they
have reached a point which threatens to produce general hostilities.
Gov. Small of
111. Indicted in
2 Million Deal!
Accused With Lieut. Gov. of
Embezzlement and Con- j
spiracy in Their Terms j
as Treasurer of the State;
Based on Loan to Packers j
Difference Alleged Between!
interest Collected and the
Sum Treasury Received
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Only 20.?Gov?
ernor Small, Lieutenant Governor Fred
E. Sterling and Verne E. Curtis, of
Grant Park, were indicted to-day by
the Sangamon County Grand Jury for
conspiracy and embezzlement in con?
nection with the interest earnings of
the State Treasurer's office during the
terms of Small and Sterling.
The true bills were returned before
? Judge PJlbert E. Smith of the Circuit
| Court of Sangamon County. An i-idict
| nient is returned against Small for em?
bezzlement of ,$5M,000 while State
: Treasurer. One is against Sterling for
: $"'00,000 for embezzlement and a third
? is against Small, Sterling and Curtis
for embezzlement of $700,000. Another
indictment for conspiracy to defraud
I and confidence games runs against
i Small, Sterling and Curtis. Bond3 of
I all three were fixed at $50,000 on each
I The indictment for conspiracy and
! confidence games charges that the
? three obtained "divers grants, war
| rents, vouchers and documents to ?.he
amount of $2,000,000."
Warrants were issued later for Small,
j Sterling and Curtis, and they will ap
. pear in court to-morrow to arrange
Case Hinges on Loans to Packers
i The investigation hinges on the $10.
| 000,000 loan of state funds to Armour
, & Co. and Swift & Co. This loan, it
was said, was made through the Grant
? Park Bank, an institution operated by
| the late Senator E. C. Curtis, close
1 friend and political colleague of Gov?
ernor Small for many years.
Attorney General Brundage and his
aids, it is said, have attempted to '
show that the Grant Park Bank existed
only on paper. Interest on the $10,
000*000 amounting to 2 per cent, was
paid to the state during the terms of
Governor Small and Lieutenant Gov?
ernor Sterling as State Treasurer of
Illinois. The packers' notes ?re said
to have drawn 7 and 8 per cent inter?
est. It is the difference in interest
? earnings that was said to be the crux
of the investigation. ,
Under the Treasury law in operation
when Small and Sterling were in office
the State Treasurer was required to
earn at least 2 per cent on state funds
loaned. This law was changed and
State Treasurer E. E. Miller is obliged
; to lend state money to the best bidder.
Bank Goes Out of Existence
The Grant Park Bank, phantom or
real, went out of existence last Janu
! ary, when the new state bank law went
' into effect.
Sterling followed Small as State
? Treasurer and preceded E. E. Miller,
l whose revelations of alleged irregular
i ?ties existing before his term are said
I to have started the most bitter political
I battle of the Small-Brundage war.
Sterling is said to have accepted
Small's securities on state loans when
j he took over the office. Some of these
securities were not accepted in the
! same manner by Miller.
Miller went to Brundage with his al
i leged discoveries. The Attorney Gen
I eral conferred with State's Attorney
Mortimer and the Sangamon County
j Grand Jury was recalled.
The findings of the grand jury were
1 anticipated. The state, familiar with
j the testimony presented and the na
? ture of the evidence from the start of
(Continued sn page four)
Dominion Premiers Unable
to Stay in London Lone
Enough to Help Clear
Way for Conference Here
Churchill Also May Come
Suggestions Made a Later
Date Might Be More
Suitable for Meeting
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright. 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, July 20.?There will be no
preliminary meeting in London in prep
| aration for the Washington disarma?
ment conference, it was definitely an
I nounced in official circles here to-day.
I Although this had been virtually as
! sured, several morning newspapers re
I vived the matter as if it were still
? under consideration.
It was learned also to-day that con
i ferences regarding the situation in the
? Pacific are expected to be held first
! in Washington, to be followed, after
a settlement or an agreement is
reached, by the general disarmament
parley. Presumably only the United
States, Great Britain, China and Japan
will participate in the first sessions, in
' spite of the interest France and Hoi
j land have in the Pacific questions. It
! is thought here the scope of the dis'
armament council may widen.
Notwithstanding the domestic situa
tion, it appears that Premier Lloyt
Geoige has decided to go to Washing
ton as Great Britain's chief represent
ative. That means that Premier Brian?
of France also will attend, as he woul?
be unwilling to leave the French rep
resentation to minor figures if the hea>
of the British government were to b
j in the American capital.
Churchill May Come
It now seems probable that Winstoi
j Churchill may be the second membe
of the British delegation. There is i
growing feeling that it would be awk?
ward to have Lloyd George and Lor?
Curzon, the Foreign Secretary, absen
at the same time, and Churchill, wh?
finally has found a position appealinj
to him, would, as Colonial Secretary
have particular interest in both con
I ferences. Moreover, Churchill's mothe
j was an American, a fact which prob
j ably would add to his desire to attend
In the background there are A. J
: Balfour and Lord Milner as possibl
j delegates, the latter, however, bein;
improbable of selection,
British opinion does not take ver;
seriously Japan's hesitancy in givim,
unqualified assent to the Pacific con
; fcrence, the view being that a natio
i which refused to discuss measures t
; secure peace convicts itself out o
LONDON. July 20 (By The Assc
j ciated Press).-Instead of the propose
| preliminary disarmament conferenc
: here there will be a conference be
? tween the British Cabinet Minister
I and the Dominion Premiers. For thi
! purpose Premier Meighen^of Canad
has postponed indefinitely his idea c
| sailing for home. This conference wi
| be devoted, first, to a discussion of ti
i policy a,nd representations of the Bri
! ish Emprre at the Washington confe
1 ence, and second, to the advisability ?
' asking the Washington government 1
j postpone the disarmament and Pacit
conference to some later date ths
W.quld Suit Premiers
Such a postponement would not on
be agreeable to the Dominion Premier
? who will be unable to be in Washinj
ton in November, but it would be mo;
1 convenient to the British governmei
! because, in the event of the Irish n
j gotiations proving successful, it mig!
I become necessary to hold an autun
i session, of Parliament to legislate for
| new Irish settlement.
I The abandonment of the idea of
; preliminary conference in London
(Continued on next pane)
Aerial Bombers Fail to Sink
Old Battleship With 13 Hits
I ON BOARD THE DESTROYER
; LEARY, EN ROUTE TO NORFOLK,
Va., July 20 (By The Associated Press).
1 ?Aircraft failed to-day to sink or
' materially damage the former German
battleship Ostfriesland in the opening
of the final phase of the joint army
! and navy bombing tests off the Vir?
ginia Capes to determine the effect of
airplane attacks on capital and other
' types of warships.
Propping a total of fifty-two bombs,
thirty-three of 230 pounds e.nd nine?
teen of 520 and 600 pounds, navy, marino
corps and army aviators placed thir
' teen of them on board and practically
; all of the others in the water close by.
j About all the apparent damage result?
ing, however, was to the upper decks
and superstructure immediately around
' the spots where the projectiles struck.
Inly four of the bombs landing on
i board exploded, two of 230 pounds
? each, one of 520 pounds and one of 600
, pounds, the kind that sent down the
: light cruiser Frankfurt last Monday.
, The 600-pound "live" bomb, launched
? by an army Martin plane, ??truck at a
coal chute on the forward deck to the
, right of the bridge near a gun turre'
tearing a big hole in the upper deck
! find goinfc through to the protective
! deck, which, however, was declared to
i be undamaged.
The .V20-pound bomb dropped by a
j navy F5-L struck on the afterdec':,
j near a 12-inch gun turret, and in ex
? ploding tore through the deck. It did
! some minor damage to part <rl the
! superstructure near by. The two 230
1 pounders detonated within a few feet
[ of each, other on the upper deck, just
; r.ft of the smoke stacks. One charred
the wooden covering of the upper deck
i and the other ripped up the wooden
decking for a short distance.
The big bombs exploding on the
l decks wrought no such havoc to the
superstructure as did bombs of similar
s'ze dropped on the Frankfurt. This
was accounted for, naval officers said,
by the heavier construction on the
Ostfriesland. Presumably it was for
the same reason that the big bombs
exploding close alongside the target
failed to open up her seams. Member.-:
of the official observing board said
after an examination, that the vc?se
was not leaking, and that her vita
< parts, including guns, were undamaged
There was a notable gathering fo:
the bombing of the Ostfriesland, whicl
will continue to-morrow, weather per
mitting. Those witnessing the wori
of the aviators included Secretarip
Denby of the Navy Department, Week
of the War Department an?! Wallac
of the Department of Agriculture, As
distant Secretary Hoosevelt of th
Navy, General Pf:rs-hin3\ chief of stal
of the army; Admita! Koontz, chief o
naval operations; Major General Le
, jeune, commandant of the Marin
! Corps; Major General Menoher, chic
j of the army Air Service; Gc-ner?
? Badoglio, of the Italian army; ?ir i
i tach?s from a number of the foreig
I embassies and legations at Washinj
i ton, members of Congress and a larg
1 number of army and navy officers.
Britain Refuses to Send
More Troops; France Is
Determined to Dispatch
Division Into District
Opposes Call of Supreme
Council; London Fearg
Activities of the Poles
From The Tribune'.* European Bureau
Copyright, l!>21. New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON. July 20.?With the
British deciding that it is not nec?
essary to send more troops to Upper
Silesia and the French apparently
determined to dispatch another
division, the situation has reached a
point which is described in well in?
formed circles here to-day as critical.
It is even asserted that the next
forty-eight hours may open a breach
between Great Britain and France
unless a compromise is reached.
Great Britain, in its most recent ?_
note to France, renewed its request -
for an early meeting of the Supreme
Council to discuss the matter, hut
France has steadily opposed this.
Meanwhile the French peint of view
is that Germany is able to place well
armed and weli equipped men in
Silesia, and that Polish and inter
Allied forces would be unable to
cope with them.
Allies Dispute Over Force
France, therefore, wants immediate*
ly to reinforce the plebiscite troops,
while Great Britain is disinclined to
'. rate the German menace as serious.
The situation in Upper Silesia itself
is anything but promising, and, in
? view of the recent visit to Paris of
; Adalbert Korfanty, the Polish insur
; gent leader, officials here fear the in
? troduction of French forces into Sile
: sia might precipitate renewed fighting,
; ing, with serious consequences.
The Figaro is quoted here to-day as
saying: , ,
"It is a question of preventing an
! outbreak of war between Poland and
? Germany, into which other nations,
! apart altogether from Russia, might
easily be dragged. Will there be as
j sudden an alarm as in July, 1920?"
Foremost International Topic
LONDON, July 20 (By The Associ
. ated Press).?"Silesia has shoved every
I other international topic into the back
1 ground," it was said in a usually well
; informed quarter here to-day. "It is ?
the one question receiving the consid?
eration of the European government
heads. All are profoundly fearful of
the consequences if the match is
touched it is impossible to say wher?
the flames will extend."
> There seems good reason to believe
? that the menace to European peace
? which it is held the Silesiajr question
! presents is the real cause for the post
; ponement of further action on the Irish
S question and other matters of moment.
Lord Curzon, the Secretary for For
: eign Affairs, recently sent a note to
I Paris suggesting that a meeting of the
Supreme Council be held in Boulogne,
i July 28. Prior to the dispatch of this
1 note it is understood Lord Curzon held
! a conference with the French Ambas
: sador here with regard to Silesia and
! other matters pressing for solution by
: the Supreme Council, and that th?
'Foreign Secretary outlined the neces
'. sity for a meeting of the council before
the end of July, especially as Premier
I Lloyd George might not be available?
i if a later date were chosen, as he pos
i sibly would then be in Washington at
? tending the disarmament conference.
In Silesia Improbable
Washington Interprets Plea at
Another Effort to Connect
? TU. S. With League of Nations
From The Tribune's Washington Burwi
WASHINGTON, July 20. ? Th?
United States government has no in?
tention of intervening in Silesia. Th?
: informal requests that this government
do so have fallen on unresponsive ears,
it was stated by an Administration
spokesman to-day. Nothing has come
: tc the attention of this government,
; it was said, despite the informal sug?
gestions which have been made, which
would cause any change in the policy
? of non-intervention.
It developed to-day that the State
?? Department, in addition to resisting
; urgent requests that this government
intervent in Silesia, has been busy
? "keeping untangled" so far as Euro?
pean affairs are concerned. The League
' of Nations secretariat, acting for the
League Council, has been bombarding
ti is government with suggestions, in?
quiries and proposals to take up this
question and that question.
Will Be No Point of Contact
Action on any of the subjects.
broached, it is pointed out by officials,
; would lead at once to the establishment
? of a point of contact between the league
organization and th*> United States,
which would be promptly followed up,
it is suspected here, by further efforts
to strengthen the connection.
"The strategy reminds me of the old
plan of bridging a chasm," said one
official. "A man would throw a stone
tied to a cord across the chasm. Ob
the other side another man would pull
the cord across, a lieht -piece of rope
having mean time been tied to it. Th?
rope would puil over a light wire.whick
. in turn would pull a heavy cable, and
soon there would be a bridge."
The government is determined th*l
there is to be no bridge, so every ef?
fort to have the cord made fast on thi?
side has failed. Secretary Huches has
been energetically throwing the stones
' back into the abyss.
The latest device of the league advo
cates, with B view to aiding the bridge?
j building operation, has been to set up
the cry that this government was act?
ing with inexcusable discourtesy, from,
! a diplomatic standpoint, in not even.
j replying to these league c-mirnunica
j It va? explained to-d^j ?bat t?tti