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Fiwt to Last?tho Troth: News? Ei?'l
stsHAwr of the Audit Ihireau of Circulations.
FRIDAY, JULY 22, 1921
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All riahts of republiratloo of all other ?Batter
tarttn also arc* rteerml.
Now Tax Revisiqn
By passing the Fordncy tariff bill
by a majority that approximately
measured party strengths tl'H? House
does not so much record an "achieve?
ment as give to the Senate a<n oppor?
The opportunity is to puace the
bill in the most capacious pigeon?
hole on the topmost shelf and let
dust accumulate until sucIl time as
the tax revision bill is passed. The
business energies of the country
need first to be released b;?r repeal?
ing the excess profits tare, which
penalizes and discourages special ef?
ficiency, and, second, given a fair
chance to bid for available capital
by repeal of the excessiv? income
surtaxes that have driven ?large in?
vestors to buy tax exempt securities.
The bonus, as it were, must; be with?
drawn from municipals,- and by so
much the burden lifted fixem indus?
Affirmative tax legislation is con?
tentious matter. The Ways and
Means Committee of the House and
the Finance Committee off the Sen?
ate will find it easy to excise the ex?
cess profits tax and to scale down
the surtaxes. But to fill up the hole
in the revenue means long debate.
It's time to be at it,
A sales tax is much mentioned, but
there is yet no accepted statement of
what kind. Is the tax to rest only
on final sales, and thus be akin to
the present luxury taxes, with buy
ers knowing when they pay? Or is it
to be levied on all turnovers, as in
France, and pyramided to the final
incidence with varying thicknesses
of collection? Or is it to be of the
Canadian type, with the tax one on
business and consumers not know?
ing they are plucked? Or is it to be
of the Philippine pattern and re?
stricted to a few classes of sales?
Tries? things it will, take time to
smooth and adjust. Not only must
agreements be reached, but it is im?
possible to estimate until tax revi?
sion is disposed of what sum must be
raised by the tariff. From the
Treasury's point of view, the reve?
nue is a unity, with each part de?
pendent on other parts. There can?
not be separated consideration. Tho
present form of the Fordney tariff
may become archaic when it is
drawn from its retreat.
No great harm has been done by
going through the motions of mak?
ing a tariff. It is true a month has
been wasted, but probably it would
have been wasted in another way if
Chairman Fordncy had been less
eager. Anyhow, the measure is out
of the way now, and both houses can
devote themselves to the real busi?
ness facing them?tax revision.
Our New Catos
The motion picture censorship
statute is most objectionable on the
score of principle. It is an innova?
tion in the law which sets a danger?
ous precedent. But all along the op?
ponents of the measure have recog?
nized that its practical effects may
be good?that a sensible commis?
sion, avoiding Comstockery and Sum
nerism, can carry on a cleansing
task greatly to the public's immedi?
Governor Miller's commission con?
sists of former Senator Cobb, who
will be favorably remembered by
many as author of a once much dis?
cussed direct primary bill; Mrs. Eli
T. Hosmer, an officer of the Congress
of Mothers, and, Joseph Levenson, for
a long time an unscandalized mem?
ber of the local Republican organiza?
tion as leader of the 1st Assembly
District. The ration has the appear?
ance of being a well balanced one.
Its flavor is that of common sense
and average judgment rather than
of peppery rage at public taste.
The motion picture industry was
in violent commotion while the new
act was under consideration. It
looked at the future darkly?seemed
to be sure that any commission
would function in an e?;-stasy of
narrow-mindedness. These extreme
apprehensions have since quieted.
The principal producers have all
along acknowledged the need of some
deodorizing. They have excused
their own lapses on the ground that
bad competitors corrupted public
taste. With the wicked made careful,
if not good, there is no reason why
the new level should n*t give satis?
faction. The commission, though It
bans not a single film, will restrain
by its moro existence. The gentry j
whose only notion of successful en?
tertainment is to sensationalize and
to go to the edge of any limit arc al?
ready becoming wholesomely cau- i
It is not the good fortune of all to
like the ordinary picture show. There
are differences in the tastes of movie
patrons, as there are differences in
the tastes of readers of biwks and
periodicals. These !i*enc i'
to be respected. Let us hopa
the practice of the successors of j
Cato will be to reflect the average
liking, and not to insist on impos?
sible highbrow standards. Let the
commission be tolerant and develop
a genuine sympathy for what the ,
public likes rather than, perhaps, j
what it ought to like. \
The Ulster Covenant
A reader asks for a publication of
the Ulster covenant of 1912. Here
"Being convinced in our consciences
that [all-Ireland] Home Rule would
be disastrous to the material well
being of Ulster, as well as the whole
of Ireland, subversive of our civil
and religious freedom, destructive of
our citizenship, and perilous to the
unity of the empire, we, whose names
are undersigned, men of Ulster, loyal
subjects of His Gracious Majesty
King George V, humbly relying on
the God Whom our fathers in days
of stress and trial confidently trust?
ed, do hereby pledge ourselves in
solemn covenant, through this our
time of threatened calamity, to stand
by one another in defending for our?
selves and our children our cherished
position of equal citizenship in the
United Kingdom, and in using all
means that may be found necessary
to defeat the present conspiracy to
set up a Home Rule Parliament in
Ireland. And in the event of such a
Parliament being forced upon us we
further solemnly and mutually
pledge ourselves to refuse to recog?
nize its authority."
This declaration was unanimously
adopted by an assemblage probably
the largest ever seen in Ireland. To
it 100,000 men marched, when it
| seemed as if the British Parliament
! were about to pass a Home Rule act
which placed Ulster under the rule
of southern Ireland.
The present deadlock in the Irish
negotiations seems surprising to
many Americans. There is comment
which assumes that something new
has been injected. Ulster is said to
have suddenly flung an apple of dis?
cord into the discussion and is ac?
cused of the bad motive of wishing
to prevent any Irish settlement.
The record wars with the assump?
tion. Ulster's attitude has long been
j defined. While not arrogating to it
l self a right to dictate to the British
Parliament its policy as to the re?
mainder of Ireland, the province in
every possible way, even to the ex?
tent of arming to resist, has shown
its opposition to any project which
j establishes what it regards as alien
rule. Americans who have not
known this and have taken for
granted that the island of Ireland is
a unity have not understood the es?
sentials of the Irish question.
On the other side, the leaders of
southern Ireland have likewise rec?
ognized that the Ulster question was
the supreme one. Many times Home
Eule for themselves has been offered,
but they have rejected it except it
conferred dominion over Ulster. Set?
tlement efforts have failed not so
much because Great Britain insisted
on dominating all Ireland as because
southern Ireland insisted on domi?
nating north Ireland. It was charged
against John Redmond that once he
j had consented, or partially consent
j ed, to partition.
Mr. de Valera travels ground he
has often covered in argument when
he seeks to show that it is all wrong
for Great Britain to hold Ireland,
while it is all right for southern Ire
i land to hold Ulster. Sinn F?in agi?
tators in this country have avoided
discussion of the crucial issue, but
at home Sinn F?in has not been able
similarly to ignore it.
When news comes that De Valera
is willing to give to others the same
measure of independence he demands
for himself, hats may be thrown up
in rejoicings over peace for all Ire?
land. But, according to the last dis?
patches, he was still insisting on his
eclectic policy. As long as he clings
to this course the deadlock is likely
to continue, for practically all Great
Britain is a unit in saying that Ul?
ster is not to be coerced into accept?
ing the rule of southern Ireland,
and an Ulster Cabinet which talked
of giving consent would probably not
last an hour.
Cast Up From the News
That human nature still runs true
to form by proving the rule of ex?
ceptions is attested by various news
items of the last twenty-four hours.
In Paris an old priest was locked
up in prison for stealing toys from
j a department store. "I could not
j disappoint my children," he said. In
! New York a young girl, selected
? from 1,000 applicants, won a prize
; of $100 t>y voluntary imprisonment
in the "black hole" of the convict
ship Success, where she was chained
for twenty-four hours to a ring
bolt. In Florida an English clergy?
man accused of teaching negroes
equality was tarred and feathered
and forced to flee for his life. In
Connecticut tho Commissioner of
State Motor Vehicles issued an or?
der restraining the drivers of motor
oars from putting an arm uround
women companions while driving.
In London the government was de?
feated by a House vote of 137 to
135 because a Prime Minister gave
a lawn party. In West New York
a man and his wife who for nine
years have lived in the same apart?
ment without speaking to each
other except when absolutely neces?
sary renewed the agreement appar
j ently for an indefinite time. They
liked it. In Brooklyn a boy whose
heart was partly penetrated by a
knife was operated upon and saved.
On the way from New York to Bos?
ton a man jumped overboard from
n steamer. For thirty years he had I
successfully led a double life, rais?
ing sons in two cities who now
I meet each other for the first time.
| There may be nothing new under
the sun, as a distinguished oracle
has observed, but the "news" fur?
nishes in new forms much that leads
us to the l'einforced conviction that
the human being is a fearful and
wonderful actor and that there is
no imminent danger, as some fear,
of complete standardization.
Relief at Last
At last systematic relief for the
World War veterans seems in sight.
The Sweet bill has gone to confer?
ence with the promise of prompt
action. As finally amended it con?
solidates into one bureau of the
Treasury Department the various
governmental agencies which have
been doing reconstruction work. So,
fewer former soldiers will suffer as
the armchairs debate points of
Furthermore, fourteen regional
offices are provided, having all the
power and authority originally
vested in the central offices with re?
spect to providing for the disabled.
It will not be necessary for the
crippled to stump their way to
Washington. Under the fourteen
regional offices 140 sub-offices are
to have full power to investigate
and make recommendations.
It remains, therefore, to create
and set in motion the new machin?
ery. Several months at least will
be required before the system is
running smoothly. But there is hope
that a proper solution has finally
been found. The main need at the
present juncture is the apointment
I of an able organizer and adminis
j trator. A man of the type of
Colonel Arthur Woods would be
j especially well fitted for this posi
The report from Paris that Am?
bassador Herrick has been unable to
find a house shows again the unfair
handicap placed by the government
on its diplomatic representation. All
the other big countries have embassy
buildings, with suitable quarters and
offices for their ambassadors. Even
little Siam has just completed a
brand new embassy building in
Washington at a cost said to exceed
$100,000. And yet our government
sends Mr. Herrick to.France and lets
him shift for himself.
A special article in The Tribune
two weeks ago showed how the
American ambassadors have been
compelled to pay a great portion or
even all of their salary for rent
alone. Whether or not this will be
the experience of Mr. Herrick now
is not stated. But it is clear that
the ?question of purchasing embassy
buildings still requires attention.
Not only Mr. Herrick, but all of
America's representatives abroad
may properly complain of injustice.
The sum of $150,000 has been al?
lotted for the purchase of a, build?
ing in Paris. With the present price
of building materials this won't buy
much in a great city. Inasmuch as
the government contemplates a per?
manent investment in real estate, it
is good business to get something
that is so located as to be of use.
So long as our representatives
abroad are houseless the posts of
minister and ambassador will be the
perquisites of the rich. Surely, this
is undemocratic and unjust
Marriage and Communism
The decision of the learned counsel
i who recommended that Bouck White's
! French wife be released from her
matrimonial entanglement was based
on a finding of "fraud." He had
misrepresented,*or possibly, to be
moro accurate, had withheld from
her, his communistic views before
marriage, and pressed them too ar?
dently afterward, and she is ad?
judged entitled to "relief." In short,
I however innocent he may have been
in his intent, he is held in effect to
have married her under false pre?
It may seem as if this decision
places in jeopardy the happiness of
all who during the courtship period
exert themselves to the uttermost to
deceive their loved ones: posing as
heroes when in reality they are rank
cowards, resorting to various sar?
torial expedients to make themselves
look handsomer than they really are
and shamelessly stooping to any
species of low cunning in order to
get the girl.
But such need have no fear. They
can still go about with increasing
chest expansions, can continue to
fib about themselves with impunity.
The nature of their fraud is trans?
parent. Not even the girl is de?
ceived. Besides, so far as the girl
is concerned, the knowledge that two'
can play at the same game has not
quite been withheld fron} her.
But back of the philan'dering with
which it is often negotiated the mar?
riage contract is a solid affair. Its
explicit obligations are many and
Itfl implications even more numer?
ous. The lesson of Bouck White is
that if you do not view matrimony
as commonly viewed it is well to be
frank. Women have a vested inter?
est, as it were, in monogamy. They
have had influence enough to imbed
in tho law regulations for harness?
ing the more or less polygamous male
of the species. Bouck vaunts that
ho is about the only person who
patterns his conduct on the. divine
model. But somehow it is not easy !
to see that he is more successful I
than others who are les:-i boastful.
Aliens at Heart
One Who Cannot Change His Na?
tionality by Signing Papers
To tho Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the enforcement of the new
immigration law the officials of the Im?
migration Department have, according
to recent newspaper reports, expressed
views on the question of the naturali?
zation of aliens which, I believe, should
not bo allowed to pass without chal?
lenge. Briefly, they take tho attitude
that it is the duty of all aliens to seek
American citizenship and that any who
do not do so are guilty of negligence
or carelessness. Such a doctrine has
There are a great many intelligent
aliens in this country who, while they
admire and respect the government and
people of the United States, do not
seek citizenship, because they believe
that it is impossible for an adult to
change his allegiance and to make a
sincere oath of fidelity to any other
country than his own. By such action
they are the losers and not the gainers,
as are those who are ready to profess
abandonment of their native country.
In most cases such changes of na?
tionality arc made for selfish reasons
and the true allegiance does not
The question which is sometimes put
to me is this: "Do you not consider
that as you arc earning your living
here and enjoying the advantages of
American law and government it is
your duty to become a citizen?" My
answer is "No; I give my services for
the money I earn; I pay taxes for the
benefits of government which I receive,
although 1 can have no voice in impos?
ing them. I respect America and the
Americans, but I was not born an
American, and however proud I would
be to be ai; American citizen I cannot
be one. I cannot change my nationality
by signing papers any more than the
leopard can change his spots. If I
forswear my allegiance to my native
country, am I less likely to do the same
to my adopted country if circumstances
Americans in Paris, London and else?
where preserve their patriotism and
celebrate their national holidays with
perhaps even more enthusiasm than if
they were at home, and no Frenchman,
no Englishman objects?on the con?
trary, they admire and approve. In fact,
in Europe people have very little, use
for the naturalized citizen.
It is true that the position of the
United States is somewhat different,
and to some extent, particularly in the
tase of political refugees, changes of
nationality are desirable and inevitable.
But the normal alien who has the
courage to refuse citizenship because
he knows that in his own heart he can?
not sincerely swear allegiance is de?
serving of respect and not of blame.
Might I suggest with the utmost
deference that if citizenship were
granted only to those born in this
country and who would thus have a
natural love of America, the country
and the states and cities would then be
governed entirely by real Americans
and not, as at present, in some cases
at least, by factions consisting largely
of what arc in reality foreign elements
who cannot possibly have the interest:;
of America first in their hearts?
New York, July 20, 1921.
Care for the Living First
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I am wondering whether it has
occurred to others, as it has to me,
that a government claiming "no funds"
for a soldier bonus and, more particu?
larly, "no funds" for the proper care
of our helpless, shell-shocked soldier
insane, might better show less haste
in the transportation of the bodies of
our dead from France. To them, who
can no longer "see dawn, feel sunset
glow," haste means nothing; but haste
in the proper care of our shell-shocked
living might, indeed, mean everything
?"dawn, sunset-glow," to yet "love
and be loved," as is their God-given
right. And it might also mean that we
had "kept faith" with not only the liv?
ing but the dead as well, for could
the 'dead but speak I feel sure they
would say, "We are at rest. Ease the
pain of the suffering ones."
Let the dead lie where they are, at
least until such time as our country
shall have done its duty by the living.
Perhaps, too, by then the cost of trans?
portation and burial will not be, as
now, at its peak. DOROTHY DARE.
Brooklyn, July 20, 1921.
Music for Troubled Minds
To the Editor of the Tribune.
Sir: If this letter should catch the
eye of one cf your readers who has a
piano he or she would care to give for
the entertainment of the men psycho?
pathic patients at Bellevue Hospital,
the undersigned would be glad to hear
from such a person. Each month about
150 men pass through the men's psy?
chopathic ward. We are assisting the
doctors and nurses by providing oc?
cupational therapy work, which helps
considerably in the cure of the pa?
tients. There is great need of a piano
to bring the soothing effect of music
to the troubled minds. Who will be the
one to do this service for those need?
ing it so much?
MARION R, TABER,
Secretary-Treasurer Bellevue Hospi?
tal Occupation Committee.
Room 710, 105 East Twenty-second
Street, New York, July 29, 1921.
Mrs. C. N. Blis?, of Westbury, L. I.,
Goes to tho Adirondacka in late Ju!y.
Mr. nn?l Mrr.. Conde Nast
Ilavo been In Newport for three days
E. P. Adama of The N' York Tribun?
Went for ti rid?* yoi'd'y afternoon.
Under thr blighting Lardnorian in
floenco ?a McCreery'a copywriter, who
(Tlie Kwn'a .advertisement) announces
"Silken\Jffndergarmenta for She Who
Ib (?ping Away."
Jfranlue ano 3fofnm?
Py Our Own Sir ?'/iomcts Malory
IT, SO befell that anon aB Sir Johan
rode he came to nn high tower and
was ware of a poor hermit approach
lng him. Who abidcth in thilk tower,
:::\i'l Sir Johan. Fair sir, said the her?
mit, in yon tower abideth an aged
knight and hi? daughter Fran?oise that
bight le Bol Map, so featly fashioned
that no man nowhere may find her
equal for fairness. Then abode Sir
Johan by that tower the night, and or
ever the morrow come-, he said to the
aged knight that bight Sir Pop le Gent
Vieux, I am fain to have your
daughter that is Fran?oise le Bel Phiz
to wife. But Sir Pop made answer,
Fair sir, she is plighted. Wherefore 1
pray ye, said Sir Johan, that ye tell
me what man he be. That may ye not
know, said Sir Pop. Whereupon Sir
Johan made great dole so that his
herte all to-brast for love of Fran?
?oise. Then yode to him a beggar
which was a rncrvailleous enchaunter
and said, This damosel shall be thine
this night. And he caused a spell to
come upon Sir Johan that he seemed
in sooth to be that knight to whom
Fran?oise was betrothen. Then abode
he divers days and nights at the tower.
And then remembered he him of the
quest whereupon he had left the court.
of King Arthur, and he feared to de?
part openly, wherefore he did it se?
cretly. And when he had rode a long
way and wotted that Fran?oise was far
behind, he was ware of a fair maid,
the which prayed him to take a morsel
tc dine for his reflection, which he did,
and they lay and slept. In this guise
fcund them the damosel Fran?oise le
Eel Phiz. Bearing a gert sword that
appertained to the knight her father
harboured, she smote him with the.
sword and wounded him sorely that he
died. Then called she a holy man to
piay for the soul of him that was
gone, and as they buried him she
chaunted, saying, Erst was he ray man,
but gert and mighty the wrong done
?7" . . a "titled" Irishman, whom the
Hardyman brothers say has bet $5,000.
. . . some advocate whom he
trusts will yet vindicate his character.
?The Evening Post Literary Review.
"'Whom are you?' said Cyril."
At the Rialto, West Chester, Pa.,
last night?take it from the announce?
ment?was played Sir James M. Bar
rie's "Sensational Tommy."
His Hero *
She is the style of girl Pegram
draws, bright as a polished glass
and graceful as its stem. Her hair
is black, and the sky is almost as
blue as her eyes. She has a com?
posed bearing and a quiet manner
that, for him, sets her apart. When
she speaks she has a calm, direct
way of looking at people, and her
voice hardly makes a sound, yet
every word is understood.
She insists on borrowing the books
he likes best and returns them?
sometimes scented with sachet, and
without having been read he feels
sure, but he somehow can not refuse
to let her have them. He is care?
ful, however, not to question her
about them any more.
He has a miserable job with an
advertising firm where he tries to
put over such stuff as, Pullem's
All Silk Ties do not bind; brush
tip with Gritties' tooth paste?you
may think substitutes do well enough,
but let well enough alone and always
use the original; it's a glad hand
that wears a Fittem glove, etc. All
of which she thinks is so clever of
He often wonders just how he
stands with her, for while she is ex?
ceptionally nice to him, so was the
girl he expected to marry when he
returned home from France after
?the war. This girl ho found only
wanted one more man in love with
her?and she decorated him with
the order of the Royal Raspberry,
with Palm, the highest award.
His hero is a man who, with as
little to offer as he has, will jump in
and try to swim across the deep
waters of doubt and disappointment
for a laughing girl. R. W.
Financial difficulties are held re?
sponsible, the story says, for the sui?
cide of Dr. W. E. Armstrong, whose
lecture on "Why Worry?" gave him
prominence. Probably one of his
planks was Money Isn't Everything,
. . . And the chances are that the
true story of his life would be as
interesting and tragic a tale as might
be devised. -
Mr. and Mrs. Johnson, who were re?
cently married in Raleigh, have re?
turned to Oxford. Mr. Johnson is a
popular member of the Oxford Ball
Team and it is hoped he can soon join
the team after his recent accident.?
NOxford, N. C, Public Ledger.
Convalescing, as you might say, from
a slight heart wound.
If you had confidence in your poker
playing ability, and yet suffered a f-e
vere setback, what might you say to
yourself. . . . Give up?
"Was this," you might?oh, don't
be so modest! you might?say, "the
faith that lost a thousand chips?"
F. P. A
TRYING TO STEAL UPON US UNAWARES?
' Copyright. 192?. Xflw York Trlbunr in/
The Bombing Tests
Unarmored Ships Helpless Against Air Attack
Irrespective of the results of the
bombing of the former German battle?
ship Ostfriesland, the sinking of the
German cruiser Frankfurt by navy and
army air craft, using medium-sized
bombs alone, has clinched the evidence
that unarmored ships of all classes?
destroyers, light cruisers, colliers, sup?
ply ships, repair ships, ammunition
ships, etc.-?are helpless against a de?
termined attack by air craft. In other
words, a fleet which dons not control
the air above itself will inevitably lose
all auxiliary vessels, including its pro?
tective screen of destroyers and light
cruisers. Even if its battleships remain
afloat unscathed, they will be helpless
without their supporting forces, which
are needed to protect them from sub?
marine attack and to supply them with
coal, oil, provisions, ammunition and
other necessaries in operations over?
seas. A battleship force, however pow?
erful as such, must, when so stripped
of support, remain at home! It be?
comes an impotent factor in naval
Sea Power in the Future
Sea power in the future may be no
less important than in the past, but it
cannot be exerted through the medium
of surface ships alone. The awful
record of submarines in the World
War and an intelligent consideration
of the results obtained in these bomb?
ing tests suffice to prove beyond ques?
tion that sea power in the future will
be dependent upon air power and sub?
marine power, as well as upon a sur?
face fleet. The victorious navy in
future wars must, at all times, control
the air, the surface and the sub?
surface of the sea. A three-plane navy
is demanded. Conservatism at the Navy
Department during the last three years
has discouraged the development of
submarines and air forces. It has fought
unremittingly for an enormous sur?
face fleet?a helpless, one-plane navj
?begrudgingly and patronizingly yield?
ing to the upper and lower planes ?
mere widow's mite of money from the
hundreds of millions of naval appro?
The accuracy of the navy and arm:
bombers in their attack upon tht
Frankfurt deserves all praise. Then
were not more than a half-dozen wil<
shots in a total of seventy-eight?fifty
seven 300-pound and twenty-one 600
pound bombs. It must be noted tha
the explosive in these bombs is onl;
one-half the total weight?about 15?
pounds for the light and 300 pound
for the heavy bombs. The effect o
these comparatively small bombs wa
called for. We may easily imagim
what would have been the result ha?
bombs of 1,000 and 2,000 pounds bee:
employed against the Frankfurt.
Of the fifty-seven small bombs ther
were six direct hits. Four of these
however, did not explode, due to de
fective fuses. It is more than prol
able that these six bombs alone woul?
have sufficed to put the Frankfurt ou
of action owing to casualties to pei
sonnel, etc., even had she not sunk.
There appeared to be six direct hit
with the larger bombs, which produce
widespread destruction. More tha
three-fourths of all the bombs fe
within the length of the ship and man
were so close that water was splashe
upon the ship's deck. The explosion c
these bombs in the water near the shi
unquestionably contributed largely t
her sinking by opening her seams. Hi
armor belt of 2M>-inch steel, ten fe<
wide, from bow to stern, three feet b<
low and seven f?et above the watei
line, stiffened her hull and helped to
keep her afloat. Destroyers and other
auxiliary vessels have no such armor
protection, and bombs dropping near
them will be much more effective.
The racking effect of these under?
water explosions must not be ignored.
Ships distant one mile felt the shock.
It is probable that 500 or 1,000 pounds
of TNT exploding within 100 feet of
an ucarmored ship may seriously dam?
age the steering gear, condenser tubes
and other parts of her machinery.
Not Necessary to Sink a Ship
It is the belief of some observers
that the bombs that struck the water
very near the Frankfurt contributed
more to her sinking than the actual
hits ondeck. But it must be kept con?
stantly in mind that it is not always
necessary actually to sink a ship to
render her helpless and useless. If
her upper works are destroyed, her
fire control wrecked and her person?
nel killed or stunned she will be per?
manently out of action. It is useless,
in such a case, to waste more ammuni?
tion upon her. Let her float harm?
lessly. When the top of a man's head
is blown off it is not necessary to bury
him to extinguish life! It is strange
tha| many persons?including news?
paper reporters and not a few con?
servative naval officers who seek to
pooh! pooh! at the importance of avia?
tion in war ?are unmindful of this
fact. They insist that the aviator
must always hit and that he must
send every ship to the bottom?other?
wise the surface ship can ignore him.
They have grasped the shadow and
lost the substance.
Praise for Aviation Personnel
The officers and men of the army
and navy aviation "forces cannot be too
highly praised. They have worked un?
der many handicaps. They have been
compellee to fight against conservative
influences at the War and Navy de?
partments, as well as in the army and
fleet. There is fear lest aviation may
prove itself too important.
In the bombing tests thus far the
navy and army flyers have taken ex?
traordinary risks. They have flown 10C
miles to sea in land planes, circled
around for hours and returned to base
covering as much as 300 miles ovei
water in making these attacks. They
have run the risks of war and havt
taken their lives in their hands with?
out hesitation. In developing aviatior
and in working with poor material anc
wornout planes there have been manj
casualties. Their patriotism and gal
lantry?they have made the sacrifice
for the love of the army and the navj
and country?merit affectionate recog?
The aviator has fairly won his plac?
as a factor in war, afloat or ashore
In these navy tests he has only usec
one weapon?the bomb. He has thre<
others?the mine, the torpedo and gas
In using the bomb he is compelled t<
come near the ship. But he can lay i
barrage of mines around an advancing
fleet, and he can attack it with torpede
planes from a distance of miles a:
sea. These facts are astonishingly for
gotten or ignored by conservative nava
officers and others who insist that anti
aircraft guns can keep off a bombinj
attack and that a,zigzagging fleet cai
ignore air forces!
When the subject is calmly considere?
the navy will awake to the truth?w?
must have air forces and submarine:
not only to protect our surface fleet
but to enable it to assume the offensiv?
On an Odorous Tr?eme
The Polecat Must Not Be Confused
With Mephitis Mephitica
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I regret to see The Tribune fa.ll
into the strange error of calling a
? skunk a polecat?for skunk the hero of
\ the recent episode at Mr. Rockefeller's
j undoubtedly was. The two animals are
! as different in appearance, habits and
| nature as a cat and a dog. The true
polecat is exclusively European, though
i a kind of weasei is called the American
| polecat, and the skunk is exclusively
The polecat is a snaky little crearan",
like a weasel or ferret, with a slender
tail, while the skunk is a handsomely
proportioned animal, with a tail like
that of a gray squirrel. The polecat has
a foul odor, which reeks from its whole
body, but it does not discharge any odor
bearing fluid; while the skunk, a very
cleanly and fastidious creature, is en?
tirely free from any odor whatever un
! less it is attacked, when it defends itself
by discharging an intensely offensive
fluid to a distance of three or four yards.
? It is careful never to get a drop of the
: fluid upon its own fur, and if by mishap
; it does it makes haste to get rid of it
i by washing, by application of clay as a
disinfectant or by actually tearing ont
the tainted fur.
The polecat, as its name signifies, is
a notorious chicken destroyer, killing
them by the dozen for sheer lust of
murder, while the skunk does not mo?
lest poultry unless starved into it by
lack of other food, and then merely
takes a single fowl to satisfy its own
hunger and perhaps that of its young.
The polecat is one of the most worth?
less and detestable specimens of ver?
min, even its pelt being of no value.
The skunk, on the other hand, is?
despite the prejudice attaching to its
name?one of the most inoffensive, at?
tractive and valuable of ail our small
wild animals, doing much good by its de
struction of insects, moies and other
vermin, and providing a valuable fat or
oil and one of the most luxurious of all
furs. To call a skunk a polecat is an
inexcusable libel, of which the Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Ani?
mals ought to take cognizaive.
W. F. J.
New York, July 19, 1921.
Too Many Governments
(From. National Farmrr ?n? Stock GrtMm)
This is a permanent editorial, a BE?
feature of journalism. It will remain
until w? get a change. We ere sup?
porting duplicate governments. Sin?
the war the burden is a hundred times
greater than it was before. The state
governments aro legislating on the
same subjects as the Federal govern?
ment. The city governments also tak?
a hand in duplicating laws. History m
repeating what in the Scriptures ***
known as the Tower of Babel, with this
difference: that we are trying to buha
several towers at one time. Further?
more, the duplicate governments a?"*
collecting duplicate money. The state.
and the Federal governments are both
collecting income taxes. The time has
come when we need a constitutions.
! convention for the purpose of doiW>
away with duplicate governments an
double and treble taxation. The taxa?
tion of this country will have to b<
placed under control, even if to do *?
it is necessary to do away with &*
state powers of legislation.
(From T!%* Kansas Ctlv 2 ?m?a)
The statement that China is ?l"
ing to disarm is a little misleading
China is already disarmed. What ?
meant probably is that China is ?*
ing and even anxious that >
neighbor? should disarm.