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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXXI No. 27,278
First to Last? the Truth:
New York Tribune Inc.)
Fair and somewhat v/armer to-day;
tf-m&rrow fair; moderate south
and southwest v. inds
Vull Ueport on l^s*t i'uge
JULY 23, 1921
I- , ?__.?., V.? Vnrk
THRKK CFNT3 I FOIR CKTST?
? iihin 200 .Miles I
Vote on Peace
Parley Terms j
plebiscite Is Suggested if
Dail Eireann Divides on
Lloyd George's Offer ;
Dublin Greets De Valera
He Assures Crowd
Convening of Parliament
After Leaders Consult
To Be Favorable Omen
DUBLIN, .Tuly 22 (By The. Assc- !
dated Pre??).?Eamon de Valera!
and the members of his party reached
the Mansion House from London this !
afternoon. Great crowds gave them i
an enthusiastic greeting. The party ;
was met at Kingstown, whence the
members motored to Dublin, by Lord j
Mayor O'Callahan of Cork, the j
Mayor of Waterford, representatives |
of the Dail Eireann, Mrs. O'Calla?
han and other persons prominent in
On his arrival at the Mansion
House, Mr. de Valera, assisted by
Michael Collins and Arthur Griffiith,
held a brief reception.
Mr. de Valera, addressing the
crowd outside, declared that if the
people acted in the future, as they
had during the last two years, they
would not need to talk about free?
dom. They would have it.
No allusion' was made by Mr. Dc
Valera to the London negotiations, and
no communication was given to the
press which might throw light on the
The Republican leader and his party
had a tumultuous reception at Kings?
town, throngs of admirers witnessing
the landing. There was a great display
of Sinn F?in flags and symbols.
Should it be decided to summon the
Dail Eireann, about ninety members
would be able to attend. The remain?
ing forty still are in prison.
Irish Plebiscite Suggested
rrom The Tribune** European Bureau
Copyright, IO?1, New York Tribune* Inc.
LONDON, July 82.?Eain?n de Va- |
lera returned with his handful of fol- '
lowers to-day to Dublin to lay before ;
his people the Irish peace settlement
suggested by Premier Lloyd George.
It is possible, if there is a division in
the attitude of the Dail Eireann, or
republican parliament, toward th?j
Lloyd George proposal, when it meets
next week, that De Valera will submit
the Irish settlement plan to a plebiscite
of the Irish people.
Before De Vaiera meets the Dail
Eireann, the middle or the last part of
next week, he will hold conferences
not only with General Jan C. Smuts,
the South African Premier, but also
with Sir James Craig, the Ulster Prime
Minister, according to information ob?
tained here. These meetings, it is
hoped, will clear away some of the
minor points of the controversy and
pave the way for a tripartite peace
Unquestionably the majority in Ire?
land, regardless cf political beliefs,
favor a settlement. A taste of peace
has driven them mad for more. Even
the Pinn F?iners are willing to forego
Borne of their demands to obtain it,
and few on either side want to re?
turn to firearms as a means of arbitra?
ment. If this description of the men?
tal attitude of the Irish is accurate, it
can he realized that peace is not far
When De Valera and his party left
London, there was a throng of sym?
pathizers and curious at the railroad
station to say goodby. He shook
hands with many, but was worn and
?an, and soon sought the shelter of
the coach. The republican leader's
only statement at departure was:
Voices Faith in Success
"Although the imm?diat? future if
incertain, we have perfect faith in the
ultimate success of our course."
The interpretation placed by his
hearers on this remark was an expres?
sion of belief that the present nego?
tiations would be carried to a success?
It is understood that neither side
intends to break the secrecy regarding
the nature of the Lloyd George peace
proposals until De Valera has placed
them before the members of the Dail
Although Dublin is not quite so
optimistic as it was last week end, it
is far from depressed.
Art O'Brien, head of the London
branch of the Irish Self-Determination
League, who was host to De Valera in
London and was with him much of the
tone, said to-day:
"We don't expect that events can
move very swiftly, except in the set- j
tlement of minou points. Our col-?
leagues in Dublin have to consider ;
carefully the most complex problem :
*hich is now presented by our knowl- j
fufe of what the British government !
"Prepared to advance before we de- j
c'ae on going into a general confer- ?
The Irish Times, of Dublin, says:
t,UTh**' failure up to the present to find ?
lh? basis of a formal conference does !
not exclude the probability. We ven- !
ture to say with certainty that many j
?uuiculties and misunderstandings have |
D'?n cleared from the path, and the i
?3ort to find such a basis will be con- '
(Continued on paga throe)
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%tu Doric ?Er?btt?tc
Russia Begs for American Aid
To Succor Starving Millions
Wants Red Cross Food Stores in Baltic States to
Help in Greatest Tragedy of Modern
Times ; Will Appeal to World
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1021. New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, July 22.,-The Russian
Soviet Kmbassy in Berlin announced
to-day that the famine relief commit?
tees in Moscow and Petrograd had
appealed to the International Red
Cross, asking that the American Red
Cross fo'?? depots in the Baltic states
be placed at the disposition of the
Russians to help check what, is de?
scribed as the greatest tragedy of
modern times. The committees in Mos?
cow and Petrograd are. made up of
representatives of the Cadet and
Menshevik parties and some non
According to the Soviet officials here,
a famine relief league is being or?
ganized throughout Russia. Chief
hope is being placed in America. It is
possible that Maxim Gorky, who is ex?
pected to arrive in Berlin in a few
days, will go to the United States to
start a relief campaign to save
2^.000,000 Russians from death by
Not since the great plagues that
scourged Egypt in the time of Pharoah
has any nation suffered such horrors
as are reported from Russia. Attacked
by famine, cholera and locusts the Rus?
sian people face death by millions un?
less the world comes to their aid.
So great is the drouth north of the
Volga that in many places fissures
have opened in the earth. All the wells
and streams have dried up and many
villages have been wiped out by fire.
Nearly all the cattle remaining in
the region have been slaughtered for
food. Whole vilages are fleeing toward
Siberia or Turkestan in an effort to
get out of reach of the hand of death
by starvation. The vast steppes of
Russia will be strewn with the bodies
of men, women and children unless the
world comes to their aid, it is feared.
The mass in flight from the stricken
districts has raised a new danger?the
conflict between these hundreds of
thousands, perhaps millions, of refu?
gees and the populations of more for
t?nate towns and villages through
which they pass. The population of
the latter, fearing that their small food
supplies will be plundered by the hun?
gry fugitives and all be lost, already
are getting out in the fields and meet?
ing the oncoming refugees in bloody
conflicts in efforts, to drive them away.
According to the Dcrevenskaya Bied
nota, an official Bolshevik newspaper,
the following provinces are most seri?
ously affected by the famine: Arch?
angel, Dvinsk, Novgorod, Pskov, Home!,
Vitebsk, Tver, Yaroslav, Rybinsk, Mos?
cow, Orlov, Vologda, Cherepovetsk,
Smolensk, White Russia, Vladimir,
Kursk, Tamboff, Voronesch, Viatka,
(Continued on next pao?)
IL S. Opposes
Any Delay in
Questions Touching Pacific
and Japan Must Be Set?
tled Before Action Can
Be Taken on Limitations
Premiers Fail in Plea
Early Conference Needed to
Lift Tax Burden ; Air Bomb
Tests May Help Meeting
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, July 22.?Postpone?
ment of the conference on armament
limitation and discussion of Far East?
ern and Pacific questions, as requested
by premiers of British dominions, was
declared unlikely by high officials here
to-day. Interest in the approaching
meeting has overshadowed almost all
other news events, so far as official
Washington is concerned.
One of the most important angles
was that while striving to place no
stone in the path of the success of the
conference, the United States govern?
ment is also determined that there
must be settlements of the various
controversies between this government
and Japan, which are practically all
grouped under the caption, "Pacific
and Far Erstem questions," before
threre can be any real progress to?
Unless a settlement of these ques?
tions can be reached, spokesmen of the
Administration have pointed out em?
phatically, there can be. no real hope
for an agreement that this country
will curb its preparations for war, nor
can it be expected that Japan with
good faith will agree to limit her ac?
tivities in that direction.
. This is not a diplomatic question for
public discussion, and it is not being
discussed publicly, but privately not
only officials of the Harding Adminis?
tration, but diplomats generally, recog?
nize its force and agree, that it is !
Premiers Ready to Compromise
There has naturally been the keenest
interest here in the expressed desire of
the premiers of the British dominions
? though this is not understood as
applying to Canada?to postpone the
conference until they can return to the
dominions, attend the sessions of their
parliaments, and then make the trip to
Washington. Some of them would be
willing to compromise, it is learned ;
here, on an earlier meeting of the ?
Washington conference, which would ?
permit them to stop off in Washington
for the meeting on their way back to
This government, it is said by high
government officials, would be willing
to do almost anything in reason along
this line, but it is extremely anxious
for the conference to be held as soon
as possible in order that the tremen?
dous expense to which all the govern?
ments concerned are now going for
the increase of armaments may be
checked, or at least curtailed, without
unnecessary delay. This, in turn,
would enable all the countries in?
volved to lighten their tax burdens.
As a matter of fact a very high of?
ficial declared to-day that his guess
as to the date of the limitation of
armament conference would be just
the same as it was last week, which,
as he then put it, was November 11?
Armistice Day. This official was fully
cognizant of the expressions both for
earlier and later dates.
There is a strong desire on the part
of the Administration, also, to limit
sharply the nations taking part in the
conference, lest the whole affair de?
velop into something resembling the
(Continued on next paga)
New York Police Weep
And Flee in Gas Test
Tear Bombs as Effective Here
in Halting Crowd a%
Tear gas proved as effective yester?
day against New York policemen as it
did a lew days before when Philadel?
phia policemen were the subjects of
Yesterday's test was made at Fort
Totten, Willet's Point, Long Island,
where the 225 policemen of the depart?
ment's riot battalion are in camp.
Stephen Dclaloy, a former major in
the chemical warfare branch of the
army, threw the bombs.
He huried eighteen of them and each
caused the immediate dispersal of the
onrushing policemen in its vicinity.
The gas given off by the bombs makes
the eyes smart and fills them with
tears, but is said to cause no perma?
Blast on Ship
Kills Four in
Seven Others Injured, Two
Likely to Die, When
Gas Explodes in the Hull
of Damaged Tank Craft
Thrilling Rescues Made
Wives of Victims Storm the
Morse Company Dock as
They Learn of Disaster
Four workmen were killed and seven
injured yesterday in an explosion on
the Standard Oil tanker Ardmore at
the plant of the Morse Dry Dock and
Repair Company, at the foot of Fifty
eighth Street, Brooklyn. There was no
oil in the vessel's tanks, and the ex?
plosion was caused by gas which bo
came ignited. The following were
Frank Warren, twenty-five years old,
of 312 Sixty-eighth Street, Brooklyn,
Bteamfitter foreman, died in Morse
Chris Hansen, thirty-two, of 5211
Sixth Avenue, Brooklyn, pipefitter, died
in Morse yard.
Adam Cobas, twenty-eight, of 82
Forty-third Street, Corona, riveter, died
in Norwegian Hospital.
John Ahearn, thirty-two, of 164
Schermerhorn Street, Brooklyn, died
in Norwegian Hospital.
The injured, all of whom were taken
to the Norwegian Hospital, are:
William Connelly, twenty-nine years
old, of 25 Sixtieth Street, right leg and
right arm broken, internal injuries;
John Grau, twenty-nine, of 94 Adel
phi Street, riveter, face badly burned,
wound in back.
Gus Ecklund, thirty, of 553 Fifty
fifth Street, left hand broken.
Frank Mack, thirty-nine, of 1206 For?
tieth Street, vice-president of the
Morse Employes Association, gassed.
William Dorrian, sixty, ship caulker,
of 6509 First Avenue, internal and
other injuries; may die.
Leslie Reid, fifty, helper, of 233 Fifty
fifth Street, right hand broken.
John Reilly, twenty-nine, laborer, of
678 Evergreen Avenue, gassed.
Rcid and Reilly were able to leave
the hospital after receiving attention.
Thought Fire Caused by Smoker
The Ardmore was in drydock at
Pier 1 for repairs to its bow plates.
Not only had its tanks been emptied
of oil but their valves had been sealed
before the ship entered drydock. Al?
though the rule against smoking is en?
forced strictly at the plant, the only
exlanation of the explosion is that a
workman returning from lunch knocked
a live coal from his pipe where gas
from one of the drained tanks was
seeping through a seam or leak.
Only about twenty men were aboard
the vessel at the time and none of them
was at work. It was only a few min?
utes after 1 o'clock and the workmen
were just returning from lunch. Some
were still on deck and some descending
to a lower deck. None of them could
tell what happened save that there was
a blinding flash and a roar and a
shock which threw them from their
One of the tanks in the bow of-the
ship blew up. Those ashore saw a
billow of black smoke in which could
be caught glimpses of hurtling wreck?
age and bodies. Debris rained down for
100 feet around. One of the men who
was killed was thrown high into the air
and his body was found fifty feet
from the tanker.
The explosion shook the entire neigh?
borhood. Many of the workmen at the
plant live in the vicinity, and within a
few minutes hundreds of frantic
women, some of them clasping babies
(Continued on nixt paje)
Hunger Strike in Irish
CORK, July 22.-?A hunger
strike among the persons in?
terned in the Bere Island intern?
ment camp, in Bantry Bay, as a
protest against their treatment, is
reported hy the chief republican
He declares that letters and
parcels cannot be received in the
camp, and that the flour furnished
is so bad the bakers refuse to
make bread of it.
Ford Tells of
| St. Over Loan
Refused Off er When Bank?
ers Wanted to Name His
Treasurer, and Raised
87 Millions in 3 Months
I Saved Huge Sums
| By Buying Railroad
| L a u ghs at Financiers
Who Thought He Must
Take Their 75 Millions
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
DETROIT, July 22.In an interview
i to-day Henry Ford told how last sprint;
| he had rejected the Wall Street bankers'
I proffered loan of between $75,000,000
and $100,000,000, and paid his own
debts of more than $60,000,000 weeks
before they were due.
In January he was visited by a New
York banker, who insisted that Ford
needed the money and asked him to
read a plan by which Wall Street
would be willing to assist. Out of
courtesy Mr. Ford listened to the read?
ing until the financier asked who
Ford's new treasurer would be.
"That makes no difference to you,
dees it?" asked Ford.
"Oh, yes it does," said the banker.
"We will have to have some say who
the new treasurer will be."
That remark closed the interview and
oponed the door to the departure of
the Wall Street representative.
Owed $18,000,000 Income Tax
! "Now, all this time a financial prob?
lem had been developing," said Mr.
Ford. "Back in 1914 we had borrowed
$70,000,000 on notes with which to buy
out all other interests. Of this we had
paid $37,00(1,000, leaving $33,000,000
falling due April 18. Then, because of
adjustments pending, we still had the
final installment of the 1920 Federal
income tax to pay, which, with the in?
stallment payable April 15 this year
made $18,000,000 due the government.
Also we intended to pay our men their
usual bonus on last year's work, which
would amount to $7,000,000 more. So,
all in all, between January 1 and April
18 we had to meet obligations totaling
"That, I think, is where the Wall
Street bankers went wrong. They |
couldn't see where we could get $40,
000,000 more to meet our obligations.
It was their best bet that wc couldn't
?they didn't know our men here or
the spirit behind our organization,"?
and the motor manufacturer's fact
overspread with a smile. Faith and
pride in his organization is one of j
Henry Ford's most outstanding char- !
"Wall Street was all stirred up over
the misinformation that we had to
make a loan. The fact is, we didn't;
need a nickel. That's where the faith [
comes in. Spread over the country we
had immense quantities of raw mate?
rials, parts and finished cars and I
had had faith, I knew, that our organi
? zation could turn them into more than
: enough cash to meet our needs.
"I'll show you what we did," said
' Mr. Ford, turning to the desk and
j pushing across pencil and paper.
"Put down Cash on hand, $20,000
| 000." We wished as usual to pay a
? bonus to our men on last year's work.
| This would take approximately $7,000
000, which we wanted to pay as soon
after January 1 as clerks could make
out the checks. That was our only im
! mediate outlay?we had enough cash
? almost to pay it three times over.
93,000 Finished Cars Ready
"Then wc turned our attention to
I liquidation. When we closed down we
I had on hand approximately 93,000
I finished cars. At Highland Park we
j had been shipping out cars and parts
j to dealers and branches as fast as they
I were finished. Th?3 plant was cleared
j of materials and every department
I closed down. But we have thirty-five
j branches, scattered over the country,
! at twenty-two of which we both manu
! facture parts and assemble. At these,
| manufacturing of parts stopped, but
the assembling of finished parts went
I on, adding to our finished cars. That
; was why, during January, there was
j a Ford car famine in Detroit, and to
! fill local orders we were driving cars
i here from Chicago and Columbus, Ohio.
"Our first move was to sell some
! of our cars on hand. In our contracts
: with dealers they agree to take a cer
i tain quota each year, each according to
I his district. We shipped to each dealer
| enough cars to take care of approxi
' mately twenty-five days' sales. During
! January we sold nearly 60,000 cars,
? which showed us what we could do
I when we tried, and from then on sales
' steadily mounted above production.
i Assembling went on at all the branches,
j and on January 23 we reopened the
! Highland Park plant and began build
] ing up production there, but still sales
I kept ahead of production. Between
i January 11 and April 1 we turned $24,
(Continu.d on next page)
Lawyers Argue Governor
Is Immune and Warn of
Danger of CiashBetween
Sheriff and State Guard
"King Can Do No
Wrong," Is Plea
Court Intimates Accused
Should Surrender, but
Reserves Formal Ruling
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
SPRINGFIELD, 111., July 22.?Gov?
ernor Len Small may call out the state
militia to gunnl himself against any
attempt by Sheriff Mester to arrest him
on the indictment returned Wednesday
charging him with embezzlement of in?
terest on state funds and conspiracy
while he was State Treasurer.
After a hearing to-day, Judge E. S.
Smith postponed a formal decision on
, the Governor's plea of immunity from
arrest until next Tuesday. Meanwhile
no attempt to molest Small will be
Governor Small, who is constantly
surrounded by a bodyguard, issued a
statement to-day in which he an?
nounced that, on advice of counsel, he
would not submit to arrest, but would
adhere to his position that, as head of
the state government, he is above in?
Fear Chaos if Small Surrenders
The Governor's counsel argued at the
hearing that Governor Small would be
violating his oath of office if he sub?
mitted to arrest, and that chaos in the
state government would result.
Judge Smith intimated that if Gov?
ernor Small did not surrender within a
reasonable time, as Lieutenant Gov?
ernor Sterling and Vernon Curtis, who
also were indicted, have already done,
Sheriff Mester would be expected to
serve a warrant on the chief execu?
"The contention made here, if it pre?
vails," Judge Smith said, "would mean
that the Governor during h?3 term of
office can commit whatever crime he
pleased and would be answerable to no?
body until he gets out of office. It
would mean that for four years the
Governor could commit any violation
of law. I am not saying that the Gov?
ernor would do it, but that is the result
of the argument.
"Suppose the Governor should be re
elected. He would be exempt for eight
"Don't you see that by his reelection
the whole people would have passed
upon his case?" Mr. Graham asked.
"But this is a question for the judi?
ciary to pa3S upon," Judge Smith re?
Intimates Small Must Surrender
The judge indicated that on Tues?
day he would rule that Governor Small
must submit to arrest because im?
munity extends only to a Governor's
official acts. His alleged embezzlement
as State Treasurer was not an official
act of the Governor as state executive
that would call for a distinction of the
rights of the executive from the judi?
Governor Small is being guarded
day and night to prevent a surprise
arrest by Sheriff Mester or any of his
Former Comgressman James M.
Graham, of counsel for Small, told
the court that impeachment was the
only way to punish a Governor and
defied any one to point out any other
legal procedure that would reach the
chief executive of the state.
Mr. Graham went into a discussion
of the possibility of a clash between the
Sheriff's forces and the militia. He
spoke of the constitution making the
Governor commander in chief of the
state military. In the event of the
court issuing an order of arrest, and
a posse comitatus were called by the
Sheriff to enforce it, he foresaw anar?
chy and chaos in Illinois should the
Governor resist with the help of militia.
Mr. Graham declared that if the Gov?
ernor were to surrender his branch of
government to some other branch he
would be "little less than a traitor."
"I used to be angry when I read the
king can do no wrong," he added, ''but I
can now see a deep principle in it.
The Governor stands exactly in the po?
sition that the king occupied."
Former Governor Joseph W. Fifer
and George B. Gillespie also argued
for the Governor's position that he is
above the law.
Governor Explains Position
Governor Small's statement read:
"When Attorney General Brundage
succeeded in securing from the San
gamon County grand jury his indict?
ment against me, my first impulse,
knowing that I am absolutely innocent,
was to submit myself to the court and
stand trial in the ordinary course of
the administration of the criminal law.
My counsel, however, advised me that
(Continued ?a page three)
Hardings Preparing to Camp
With Edison, Ford and Firestone
WASHINGTON, July 22.?The Presi
! dent is contemplating a week-end
I camping trip at a point near Hagers
town, Md., and if Mrs. Harding, who
j is suffering from a slight attack of
! ptomaine poisoning, is able to make
? the trip, he will go. The Hardings
| will be the guests of Bishop Anderson,
; of Cincinnati, and Harvey S. Firestone,
? of Akron, Ohio. Two other well
! known campers, Thomas A. Edison and
i Henry Ford, are expected to be pres
This famous camping party will be
' complete except for the presence of
I one member, John Burroughs, the
: naturalist, Mho died recently. It was
I planned to move the camp further
West, near Berkeley Springs, West
Va., but owing to the President's in
! ability to leave here earlier, the idea
', was abandoned. If the President de
| cides to go he will leave early to-mor
i row morning.
The campers, who have been com?
panions with the late John Burroughs
on similar trips in past years, spent
la3t night near Hagerstown, Md. The
exact location of the camping place
at which the President and Mrs. Har
ding are to join them, however, has
not been revealed. It is expected that
if the trip is made, Mr. and Mrs. Har?
ding will return to Washington Sun?
A number of other guests have been
invited and it is the plan to have about
twenty people in all in the camp.
HAGERSTOWN, Md., July 22.?Two
automobile trucks containing complete
camping paraphernalia were in a local
garage to-day awaiting the arrival of
Henry Ford and his party who, it is
understood here, are to spend next
week along the Potomac River, not far
from this city. Six camp attendants
are registered at a local hotel. The
location of the campsite could not be
HARRISBURG, Pa., July 22. ?
Thomas A. Edison passed through here
last night, it became known to-day, on
his way to join Henry Ford and Har?
vey S. Firestone, for an outing v/hich,
he said, would be held in the Cumber?
land Mountains. Mr. Edison did not
disclose the exact location, other than
to say the plan was to get into the
wildest section. Mr. Edison expected
to meet Mr. Ford is Hayerstowa, Md.
Calder To Be Fusion Nominee
For Mayor if He Wants To Be
Senator Will Be Tendered Place by Steering Com?
mittee at Meeting Monday, but Previously
Has Refused to Consider Race
United States Senator William M.
Calder can have the nomination for
Mayor on the anti-Tammany ticket this
fall if he wants it, and he will be told
so on Monday afternoon, when the
steering committee of the anti-Tam?
many forces meets again at the Hotel
Commodore to discuss candidates and
Senator Calder repeatedly has told
the Republican leaders that he would
not accept a nomination for Mayor. He
assured a reporter of The Tribune on
Monday that there was no possibility
of his being a candidate. His mind ?b
set on being a reflected Senator next
year, and His political energies are
bent in that direction.
Senator Calder and his intimate
friends are of the opinion that some
of those who want him to run for
Mayor indulge in the hope that it
would take him out of the Senatorship
race next year, leaving the way open
for a new man. His absence from the
conference yesterday furnished an op?
portunity for a full discussion of his
availability as a candidate for Mayor.
The three-hour discussion of the
steering committee yesterday left the
situation unchanged, with Borough
President ?"urran. of Manhattan, and
Senator Charles C. Lockwood, of
Brooklyn, as the leading candidates for
Mayor and Comptroller, the feeling be?
ing that either one is eligible for
either place. Senator Calder, who
conies pretty near being the dominat?
ing personality in the conference, is
for Senator Lockwood.
F. J. H. Kracke, of Brooklyn, one of
the conferees, told the conference that
he had seen Senator Calder on Thurs?
day in Washington and that the Sen?
ator would not accept a mayoralty nom
(Contlnutd on paq? throe)
I Barnes, Yietor
I At Go?L Given
j Cup by Harding
?Long Jim of Pelham Wins
Way to Open Champion?
ship Over Notable Field
i * by Nine-Stroke Margin
j ^ -_
jHis Goal for Nine Years
? Lanky Professional's Skill
Sure Throughout; Hagen
and MeLeod Are Second
COLUMBIA COUNTRY CLUB, Md.,
j July 22.?Within a few yards of the
I eighteenth green, surrounded by 12,000
? people, the President of the United
! States has just presented Jim Barnes,
; of Pelham, with a silver cup. For the
i first time in history the First Citizen,
j if not the first golfer, of this enduring
j commonwealth has officially presented
' a trophy to a new champion and con
; gratulated him upon his skill and
j courage and poise.
A roaring cheer went up from the
j great gallery as President Harding in
j handing over the trophy paid his earn
| est respects to a man who was brilliant
I enough to lead a great international
j field by the crushing majority of nine
j strokes. He might have said, "Your
j majority was almost as great as mine,''
! but in place of this he was content to
i pay tribute to the master of the game
- "By your skill and courage and
poise you have deserved this victory in
| every way," the President said, "and I
? congratulate both you and the game
; upon this triumph. I have played with
? you and seen you play and I have
I known that you were good enough to
! Long Jim, horn in Cornwall, Eng
| land, thirty-four years ago, but for
; many years an American citizen, stood
?with a smile upon his face as broad as
l many of the hazards over which he
| had pitched to the greens with such
? unending nerve and skill.
Goal of Many Years
Barnes had let both wood and iron
i speak for him through three soul stir
' ring days, and as the new open cham
| pion of the United States he accepted
! the cup with a heartfelt "thank you"
j as the gallery once more paid recogni
i tion to his march up the far heights
j to a glory he had been working for for
| so many years. The cup, the big silver ?
! cup, representing the final word in !
i American golf, at last was his.
Engraved upon its shining sides are
; the names of nineteen champions, from
Harry Rawlins, in 1895, to Edward Ray.
? in 1920. And now below the name of
! Ray the engraved letters, Mames
j Barnes, Pelham Golf Club, Westchcs
' ter County, New York," will soon be ;
j placed to show that Long Jim, after ?
? knocking at the door for nine long, :
?fruitless years, has at last taken his i
: deserved place upon the throne of i
? American golf.
'. The tall and willowy Pelham pro- |
j fessional tied the great field into
j knots. He brandished wood and iron
! as Merlin the Wizard once waved his ;
? magic wand, and the elusive white ball ;
: bowed to his bidding. Far in the rear, j
nine strokes behind, came Walter ?
Hagen and Wee Freddie MeLeod, in tie :
! for second place. They both fought back !
?with skill and courage, but the com-;
i bined brilliancy and steadiness of the
; new champion were something more
than any man in this great field could ,
! touch. Barnes traversed the rolling, j
! treacherous terrain of Columbia's !
\ course with its deadly fringe of ra- !
! vines and trees in 2,89 strokes, with*j
! MeLeod and Hager* in pursuit at 29E? j
! This margin of nine strikes ties AiexS
i Smith's predominant victory back in j
? 1906 at Onwentsia when he, too, '
spreadeagled the field. And Alex to- !
! day, playing brilliantly with bitter I
? luck, finished in a tie for fifth place
i with Emmett French and Bobby Jones,
I while Barnes wa3 equaling the crush
: ing margin he established fifteen years
The twenty-fifth open championship
\ of America presented the greatest tal
1 ent it had ever known. There were
the open champions of Great Britain,
(Continued en PM? nine)
His Thirst So Enormous
| Wine Thief Is Pardoned I
I - |
BERLIN, July 22.?-In view of |
! what was called his "unusual I
thirst" Aug-ust Marcowski, a
; janitor, who had been sentenced
to five months in jail for drink
i ing ten cases of champagne be?
longing to a tenant, was pardoned
I by the high court to-day. He had
consumed the ten cases in nine
Seemingly, to vindicate the
i judgment of the court, Marcow?
ski entered the nearest caf? im
! mediately after he was released
i to slake his thirst.
3 Sox Missing
Eastern Gamblers Accused
of Raising $10,000 to Ob
tain Grand Jury Papers
Bearing on Indictments
State Has Carbon Copies
Fight Begins to Introduce
Admissions of Cicotte,
Jackson and Williams
CHICAGO, July 22.?Original copies
of the grand jury confessions, in which
Eddie Cicotte, Joe Jackson and Claude
Williams, White Sox players, declared
they had been paid from $5,000 to
$10,000 to throw games in the 1919
world's series and the statements they
signed waiving immunity, are missing,
it became known to-day, when the state
began its fight to introduce the con?
fessions as evidence in the baseball
The announcement came as a drama?
tic rensation, near the end of to-day's
session of court, when the state placed
Hartley Replogle, former Assistant
State's Attorney, who directed the first
I grand jury investigation of the baseball
j scandal, on the stand and revealed that
! it would have to depend on carbon
i copies of the confessions, and on the
testimony of men who heard them and
who are said to have seen the immunity
waivers signed. The defense plans to
contend that the confessions were made
Jury Sent From Courtroom
Judge Hugo Friend sent the jury
from the courtroom and will hear all ;
of the evidence in the matter before !
deciding if it is admissible. If he de- '
cides it is it will have to be repeated j
before the jury. Indications are that j
Williams, Cicotte and Jackson will i
take the stand during this private !
hearing to testify that their confes?
sions were not made voluntarily. Re?
plogle, Judge Charles A. MacDonald,
and grand jurors will be the state's
This is the second loss of papers in
the baseball case, copies of the grand
jury testimony having been made and
offered for sale in Chicago some time
In a statement discussing the loss
of the confessions Assistant State's
Attorney Gorman paid:
"We have information that a fund
was raised by hastern gamblers to
obtain these and other papers. It 's
reported that $10,000 was paid for the
grand jury testimony which was
copied during a previous administra?
tion. I do not think this has weak?
ened our case in any way, for the
grand jurors can testify."
Previous to beginning the fight over
the confessions, the state introduced
testimony naming Carl Zork, of St.
Louis, now on triai as an instigator of
the alleged sell out. and Ben and Louis
Levi, of Kokomo, Ind., as bet placers
for Abe Attell during the series.
Says Zork Boasted of Starting It
Harry Redmon, of East St. Louis, 111.,
testified that Zork, during a conversa?
tion with him the day after the fourth
game of the series in which the alleged
game-throwing was discussed, said:
"And I, the little Redhead from St.
Louis, started the whole thing."
Zork's attorneys promptly announced
they would prove an aiibi for Zork,
saying he left for St. Louis at 9:20 P.
I.I. that day, whereas Redmon said the
conversation lasted from about 8 to 11
P. M. Redmon was vigorously cross
examined by the defense and called
Attorney Henry Berger a liar when
^Berger* declared he was a gambling
. ?f?hn O. Seys, Chicago National
T-eague club secretary, testified to hold?
ing stakes on bets made by Attell an?l
the two Levis and that Attell warned
him not to bet on Cincinnati in the
third game, as Chicago would win it.
Seys's relations with the defendants
apparently were accidental, he happen?
ing to be present when bets were made
and being asked to hold stakes.
Replogle testified that the confes
(Centinurd ?n page (cur)
Patrolman Drowns in
Effort to Save Daughter
Charles Potter Leaps Into Creek
With Clothes On\ Others Res
cue 11-Year-Old Girl
Patrolman Charles Potter, assigned
to traffic duty on the Queensboro
Bridge, was drowned yesterday in West
Creek, Babylon, L. I., trying to save hia
eleven-year-old daughter, Catherine.
They had gone to Babylon for a
day's outing and Potter remained on
shore while his daughter went for a
swim. She was seized with cramps an?l
called for help. Her father sprang ?nt)
the water without removing any of his
clothing and swam to her side. By th ;
time he reached her he wa3 exhausted,
however, and other swimmers, who res?
cued the girl, were unable to save him.
He was fifty years old and lived at 460
! West 133d Street.
I Whrn yoo thfttk of writla??
XUlnk of WUlTLNli. ?Atfvt.
Seizes 5 Big
Officials Raid Agamem?
non, George Washing?
ton, President Grant,
Vessels Taken Are Worth
$25,000,000; 4 More
Now at Sea Also To Be
Held as They Arrive
Five of the largest and finest
steamships of the United States
merchant marine were seized last
night in a raid by Federal authori?
ties. They were the George Wash?
ington, the America, the Susque?
hanna, the President Grant and the
Agamemnon, all former German
liners. Officials of the United States
Shipping Board directed the raid.
The steamships, which had been
chartered to the United States Mail
Steamship Company, with offices at
120 Broadway, were taken at the
piers where they were berthed. A
deputy marshal and a representa?
tive of the Shipping Board were
placed on board each vessel.
United States Marshal Thomas D.
McCarthy, United States Attorney
William Hayward, J. B. Small, oper?
ating -vice-president of the Shipping
Board; Elmer Schlesinger, general
counsel for the Shipping Board, and
a small army of deputy marshals
and representatives of the Shipping
Board conprised the raiding party.
George Washinigton First
Leaving Pier 7 at 6:30, the party
proceeded to Pier 4, Hoboken, wher**
? the George Washington was lying at
anchor. This vessel was boarded by
! the officials, as was each of the
j others, and after the commanding of
I ficer had been notified as to the rea
I son for the "visit" a representative of
j the Shipping Board was left in chargv,
?accompanied by a deputy marshal.
Deputy Marshal Ferdinand Stahlin
drew the assignment on the George
The George Washington, the finest
of the five vessels, carried President
Wilson to Europe for the peace con?
ference. She had recently been re?
conditioned at a cost of $1,000,000 and
was due to sail on August 3, booked tin?
capacity. When asked what would be
done about the persons who had taken
passage on her, Mr. Schlesinger said
that they would be taken care of and
that the vessel would sail if it were i
Seizure of the America followed at ^
Pier 1, Hoboken. A very few minutes
were spent in boarding ami taking over
Steam on to Brooklyn
From Pier 1 the raiding tug steamed
to Pier 3, Army Base, Brooklyn. Hero
the President Grant was boarded and
a Shipping Board agent and a deputy
marshal left in charge.
The same formality was enacted at
Johnson's Shipyard, where the Susque?
hanna was berthed. Again, at the foot
of Columbia Street, Brooklyn, the
Agamemnon, the last of the ships
to be seized, was boarded, and Uie
raiding party, after taking over the
vessel boarded the tug Beatrice Morse,
which had carried them on the trip,
and were landed at the Battery short?
ly before midnight.
Seizure of the steamships, Mr.
Schlesinger said, was definitely decided
upon at a meeting of the principal offi?
cials of the United States Shipping
Board in Washington on Thursday
night. He further said that the United
States Mail Steamship Company had
been warned that the steamships would
be seized unless that concern made
good the terms of the charter.
Claim Big Rental Due
Mr. Schlesinger added that the fail?
ure of the United States Mail Steam?
ship Company to pay rentals, which
are said to aggregate up to the time
of the seizure about $400,000, together
with certain other alleged laxity in
not properly carrying cut the con?
tracts under which the ships were
chartered, was responsible for the ac?
tion in taking over the vessels.
Immediately after the craft had been
seized Mr. Schlesinger said that four
other vessels also under charter to the
United States Mail Steamship Com?
pany, which are now on. the high seas,
will be taken over by, the Shipping
Board as soon as they arrive in ports
this side of the Atlantic.
'the live steamships taken last night
are from 20,000 to 25,000 tons each and
valued at approximately $25,000,000.
Mr. Smull and Mr. Schlesinger, short?
ly after their arrival from Washington,
had a conference with Charles Burling
ham, of the law firm of Burlingham.
Veedx Maston & Fearey, counsel fer
the Snipping Board in New York City,
with offices at 27 William Street. It
was decided at the conference to seize
the five steamers at once.
Warn Steamship Firm
Mr. Schlesinger and other officials
S of the Shipping Board then went ),o
j the offices of the steamship company,
: at 120 Broadway, and there informed
i Charles Mayer, chairman of the board
; of directors of the company, of the
! action about to be taken, and the rea
; son therefor, according to a statement
, given out by Mr. Schlesinger on board
the tug last evening.
Explaining last night's procedure,
i Mr. Schlesinger said:
"These vessels were taken by the
United States Mail Steamship Company
on a bare-beat contract. They violated
agreements of the charter. There are
hundreds of thousands of dollar*, due
? the government from the United States
: Mail Steamship Company. They, have
' paid no rental since March 31. They
\ have been taking in freight money and
! passenger receipts, and have paid the
i government nothing. These boats were
! chartered by the company and they
i defaulted in the provisions of the
charter, Under the prov^ions o? the