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u anu?s i:
; [SED IX THE
I \KIS GUARANTEED \
Vol. 1AXX1 No. 27,290
First to Last? the Truth: News ?Editorials ?Advertisements
THE WE A T H ER
Fair to-day and tomorrow with ??der?
ate temp?r?ture*; mod?r?t* nortJ?.
east and eaat wind?. ^^^
Fall Kepnrt ?n Im? Vage
New York Tribune Inc.)
THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1921
TWO CENTS I THKKK CENT?
In Greater New York I Within rtfti UUea
rm r rriTt
Bv Fusion for
Nephew of Former Mayor
I nanimous Designation
of Steering Group for
President of Aldermen
htii Tamilian y
Three Years A<k>
(Lawyer. ?$~, and Resident
of Manhattan ; Platform
Will Be Drafted Soon
? . ? ?? : ?pendent Demo
. - - ."?'.. -.-or Thomas
: t e r d a y b y
e of 1 he anti-Tam
* ?' ' Hotel Commodore
,. for President of the
: ' ....?::.
? ?? i ?ty
Q i he other d?sign?es 1"
A, Curra;:, I'r,
'?'. . il attai . for
Charles C Lock
orn here thirty
>? ears ago. He is a member of th -
-. 3 i ',-?'"?- end, and
a regular '
Flail, He was j
blic schools, and ;
hool, His break I
wi ? c [urphy machine came when!
he tood by his district leader, Ross
\ L7th strict, when
... ' n an backed by ?.
Lives !*i i pper Manhattan
.. . on
or the I
. sion to
: and was
: ective eyi
sight, fl icr of the etei
?. '? i on i urran
at L21 Pdst ?
i of the
c irae of Mr
? .- 'yes. :
that C: the Broffec,
"? on for j
< id of Aldermen.
? I am !
Mr. Price, "has
? ir the a ;
lections of a city
y favorable :
the conferees. 11.?
;r ttractiv4g persorralifey.
in t'1!" Legis
' in account of his
?t;cal affairs ho not
oi ike a splendid campaign
1 to be an upright official
rn with integrity and
Gerdi . a Citizens Union rcp
rt lyn, gave a rip
I j mov
rnment of an hour to
? con tteo ch he
? d by tho chairman,
i. time to confer fur
? ? a candi
at variance with the
? leaders and his motion
; :,. yell, head of the
of the Republican
' conded the nom
ii Gilroy in a brief speech, in
Mr. Gilroy was a
? ears ago, but that he
on and now was
? rest or* them, to displace
? ?:. Mrs. May Good
*: ' klyn; Mr. Gerdes, Miss
the Manhattan Young
'? former Senator
. Bruce 1 'anean, of
? . Ri ??: .can Club;
S ai : ormer Repre
:-. Oliver followed
? .- speeches.
(holte Vpproved by Women
- Lees Laidlaw said that
l ' Mr. Gil roy
on the city
t three had borne an
in giving the vote to
?- aa '?? tbus ipstically an
: ponded to calls
ly for your great
lid 1 ? . "I have been a
ttee with you,
which has so woe
the city of New
?? yeai There
to run for
? ?. king with
? iree week-;
oui work Vi ell bc
e . '
ted. I ?rst
lister's Stand Reported
As Delaying Irish Peace
Republican?, It I* Declared,
Hold to Belief Satisfactory
Arzrcement Can F?e ?Viatic
. ?. i ?
vhIch It ii
**U <rffori ,
Id I <? mor?
i? p?t.?ra ate ujhtis..
' . . . , .
Venizelos to Wed Rich
Friend of Anastasia
GENEVA, Aug. 3.?Eleutherios
Constantinos Venizelos, former
Premier of Greece, is engaged to i
marry Mme. Schilizzi, a wealthy
Greek woman and a friend of
Princess Anastasia of Greece,
according to a report received
here from St. Moritz, where
Venizelos is at present.
Of La Guardia
Ousted City Employees De?
clare They Refused to
Keep Jobs at Cost of Los?
ing independence at Polls
Called 'Yellow,' They Say ;
Rathfelder Is Accused oil
Neglecting Duly; $6,000
a Year Lout to Oppikofer
Two assistants of F. U. La Guardia,
President of the- Board of Aldermen,
resigned yesferday because of alleged
political differences with their chief.
Both contended that they were forced
lo resign. because they refused to
pledge Mr. La, Guardia , their support
?it. the primaries in his candidacy for
Mayor. Each is a member of a Kepub.
Lean organization. They say that
when they told Mr. La Guardia that
they could not deliver the .support of
the organizations nu the price for keep,
ing their jobs they were told that they
were "yellow" and summarily asked
to hand in their resignations.
( liarles Rath folder, a Republican
leader in the Bronx, who was charged'
by Mr. La Guardia with neglect of
iuty, is one of th^ men.
The other ia Frederick Oppikofer, a
Republican leader in the 16th Assembly
District, who handed in his resignation
after a conversation in which Mr. Lai
Guardia, according to Mr. Oppikofer,
told him it would be embarrassing to
have him as an assistant, and not have
his organization's support in the
Set Down in Writing ]
Mr. Oppikofer, whose salary was
$6,000 a year, wrote a letter in which |
"A little over fifteen months ago you \
were kind enough to honor me by ap?
pointing me as your assistant. During
?ill that, time our associations have
been most cordial and I have enjoyed |
my affiliations with one who has re
conscientiously and efficiently per?
formed his official duties as you'have
as President of the Board, of Aldermen
and as a member of the Board of Esti?
mate, the Sinking Fund Commission
and of the Armory Board.
"It is very much regretted by me
that a difference of opinion on a po?
litical question makes me feel that my
continuance in the position to which
you so kindly designated me will be
embarrassing to you. and 1 herewith
respectfully tender my resignation as
assistant to the President of the Board
Decision Reached Quickly
Rathfelder said Mr. La Guardia called
him into his office and asked him how
he stood on the primaries. He said he
replied that he would leave the ques?
tion of the primaries to the members
of his organization.
"Why, that's yellow on your part,"
said Mr. La Guardia, according to
Rathfelder said he was then given
ten minutes to make \ip his mind. He
made up his mind to let his organiza?
tion act independently, he said, and
was then invited to resign.
"He told mc it would be very em?
barrassing to keep me in office," said
Mr. Rathfelder's salary was $0,800 a
"I absolutely deny that T asked either
of these men to swing their organiza?
tions to me," said Mr. La Guardia last
night. "The primary vote will show
that their districts are for me. Both
held confidential places. It would be
extremely embarrassing for these men
as well as for myself to continue in
Henry K. Curran, Republican choice
for Mayor, attacked Mr. La Guardia's
"Mr. La Guardia has done the city's
service an injury in dismissing com?
petent employes because they would
not agree to support him as a candi?
date for Mayor," said Mr, Curran. "If
eitv officials are to put their personal
political ambitions ahead of the good
of the service, we arc in a bad way in?
deed. Lean of all should such a thing
be the work.of one who spends most
of his time denouncing the bosses. It
looks a^ though there were a boss i .
the office of the President of the Board
"In view of what has happened, I
want to make it perfectly plain that
none of the 2,500 no-!: and women who
do the work of my department need
worry for a moment a<; to whether t/ieir
political opinions and mine agree or
Whati 'or they think, or however
vote, they will be sure of their
All I ask of them ?s that they
show their loyalty to their city by the
excellence of their work."
To Build Four
Commons Gives Approval
After Churchill Asserts
Empire Dare Not Depart
From One-Power Rule
Must Keep Face
With Other Navies
High Hopes in Disarming
Meeting, but No Assur?
ance of Scrapped Meets
LONDON, Aug. 3 (By The Associated
Press i.-The House of Commons to-day
voted in favor of the government's pro?
gram to build four warship.; to take the
place of obsolete vessels.
The vote, followed a defense by the
Admiralty of its plans to build only
four new battle cruisers of the Hood
type, to replace obsolete vessels. It de?
clared that it intended to do nothing
which might stimulate a race of thr
great powers in naval building.
Lieutenant Colonel L. C. Amery, Par?
liamentary Secretary of the Admiralty
led the discussion on the Admiralty'.
behalf, and in announcing that thf
completion of the four ships was nol
planned before 1925 referred to th<
building programs of the United Slate'
and Japan. The Admiralty, he said
was laying itself open to the rhargi
of accepting the risk that the Brltisl
navy would be temporarily inferior n
strength to other navies, but it wai
willing to face this risk in order ti
avoid the possibility of inviting fresl
naval competition on the eve of a dis
Others Not Expected to Scrap
The object of the disarmament con
ference, said Colonel Amery, was t
endeavor to reach an agreement againa
further expansion of the navies of th
greatest three naval po" ers. An it wa<
quite unlikely, he said, that the othe
powers participating in the discussio
would offer to scrap the ships airead
built or under construction, it. was oh
vious that the building of these fou
ships, or even twice their numbei
could not in any way affect the prob
lern before the conference.
Contending that there was no elr
ment of challenge or provocation i
this policy of replacing obsolete ship1
he said it was simply a policy circuir
scribed within the narrowest limit
and postponed to the very latest dat
consistent with the empire's safety.
The Secretary's statement was fo!
lowed by an animatecj discussion ir
volving many references to the relativ
positions of Great Britain, the Uhiite
States and Japan and revealing the ii
tense interest taken r'n the propose
Winston Spencer Churchill, Seen
tary for the Colonies, replying in th
debate for the government, made re
erence to the big building program
in both the United States and Japai
He. contended that there could be n
conceivable cause for a quarrel wit
either of these countries. Still the fa<
remained that if England delayed at
other year the construction of necei
sary vital units she would have to fa<
a position of definite and perhaps fini
naval inferiority? she would sink I
third naval power and, having sur
there, might, never be able to recovei
Cannot Exist on Sufferance
"We should exist as a great pow<
in the world only on sufferance," M
Churchill continued. "We have nevi
done that yet. Profound peace migl
continue to rule in the .world for mar
years, but during that peace every 01
I would know Great Britain's day wi
done. Everywhere it would be knov
that the essential foundation of tl
British Empire had been erased ai
that this island, depending for fou
fifths of its food and the whole of i
economic wealth and being as a mode
state upon sea-borne commerce, w
powerless to keep itself alive, exec
by good will. That would be a niela
cboly sequel to the great war.
"High hopes are based on the Was
ington conference for the benefit
mankind, but unless we can assui
that the ships now building in Ameri
and Japan will be scrapped tuen
disarmament proposal which might
agreed upon at Washington would
relevant to the decision this llun
i must take with respect to the constri
? tion of these four ships.S The or
power standard is the barest minimi
England can conceivably adopt, and c
lay already has occurred which has i
duced that minimum to the finest pc
' sible margin."
Mr. Churchill concluded by exho
ing the House to avoid a path whi
i might lead to disaster and force Ore
Britain t<> make compromising or c
tangling agreements in the de; pen
: hope of supplementing her own i
sources by the strength of others.
"Let us stand on our own feet," R
Churchill exclaimed. "Only in tl
way at the Washington conf?rer
shall we be able to play the part
i the real peacemaker, and only in t'r
i way shall we be able to walk hand
! hand with the United State--, nol
a supplicant for protection, but
i equal partners ?n a common victc
I and in the fair future of the world."
Lady Astor declared that the Unit
j States was absolutely in earn.
I (Contliiiiid on next paa'O
Carrier Pigeons Used to Send
Drues to Addicts in Prison
Carrier pite-ana have been used to
transp? ?? dl from venders on the
de to addicts on Blackwell's l.sl
a:,r!, according t'< D?tective Qui^ley, of
the police narcotic ??quad. Quigley and ;
Deti live Pastorlni yesterday arrested
Anthony Adamo, ??*!?? ,?oe 1'?Kf'i, who
had one carrier pigeon am! $4,000 worth
of heroin in bin poi ei ?Ion. The drug
fher< have been two occasion! when
: .;?' '. ... p- flown to Blackwell's Isl?
und and prisonei were ! now i I o hn ?? >
taken mall packnt of drug? off the
I . -, ' leg " said Del eel Ive Quigley.
? ... / one of n great number of
curious wayi tho venders and addicts
, uno to transport the drug. Adamo,
1 when ? met him to-day, offered to sell
mc the pound and a half of heroin lie
carried for $3,000."
]>r. Simon said the drugs pos
by Adamo bad been smuggled in from
Germany. They bore German labels.
Adamo, whose right arm vus ampu?
tated at the shoulder, Baid at first he
had been injured in the service of his
country, but corrected this later, ac?
cording to the police, nnd . lid : "I cut
my arm on a pan.' t.| glaBS when coin
? ? m first burglary and 1 had I
have it amputated. I have served timt
in Klmira and at Sing Singi" I!" also
?i*lm ittod In- was a t ra ?ne r of eu rri r
pigeons, detect ivoc say
"Shall wo turn this bird loo
asked ?)|. Simon of A.lain... a I ? r lie
had searched the bird for drugs.
"Yes," said Adamo, "Ici it fly, I wl ih
I bud wings so I could fly, too."
He refused to admit that he had uso<]
the birdj to carry drugs.
Caruso s Fortune is
Placed at 81,500,000 j
Special Cab'.r to The Tribune
pyrlgrhl 1921, New York Tribune Ir.c. i
* NAPLES, Aug. 3.?An esti- j
mate of Enrico Caruso's estate to- ;
day revealed that although he j
rose from a penniless boy to the \
rank of millionaire, his number?
less benefactions kept down his !
fortune. Caruso's will, drawn in j
America in 1919, divides the es- |
t?te among his family. It will j
amount to 50,000,000 lire, or, at ,
the present rate of exchange, ?
Besides his American villas
and investments, the singer lately ;
had acquired an old feudal castle
at Signa, near Florence, and an?
other villa at Rifredi, also near
Vihen the war broke out Caruso
sent $5,000,000 of his own earn?
ings to Italy through the Red :
Lies in State;
Burial To-day j
Sorrowing Crowds Stand in i
Front of Hold Where I
Dead Singer Lies on Bier
Banked High With Roses
Scenes of Pathos Enacted
Imposing Ceremony Will Be|
Hehl in Naples Cathedral; i
I . S. Consul May Speak
Special '? ?hlr in The Tribune i
right, l.'.:i. Now York Tribune Inc.
NAPLES, At;;;. 3.- The body of En?
rico i arus o ?s Ij ing in state to-night j
here in Naples by the sea the city ?
ho had loved, most since he played ill I
its streets as a child; the city in which j
iiis glorious voice brought him his
firsl triumphs; the city in which he j
Before the Hotel V?suve, in which 1
the great singer died yesterday, n j
great crowd of sorrowing men, women
and children stood all through the
evening and far into tiie night.;
Among them were men prominent in
official life, noted artists, men of I
wealth and humble Neapolitans who'
loved the man for his kindness and I
his marvelous gift of song.
Within, in the winter garden of the
hotel, lay the body. It had been1
dressed in a black coat, with white
trousHers, silk stockings and silver1
buckled shoes and placed on a brass i
bier raised on a dais. Hundreds of
candles lighted the room and flower"
liad been disposed in great profusion.
Wife Places Roses on ?tier
A lug wreath of pink roses had been
placed by the tenor's wife at the foot]
of the bur, and a small altar had been
erected in the room. The whole set?
ting was dignified and beautiful, quite
in keeping with the colorful Neapol
?tan conceptions of honoring the dead
All day there was an incessant pro
cession of saddened mourners, and so
creat has been the desire to view the
Body that a proposal was made to-day!
to allow the body to be placed on the
stage of the San Carlo Opera House ?
that all might pay homage.
Manj stores wer?- closed to-day, with
placards ou the doors explaining busi
ad been suspended because of the i
nal ionai sorrow .
The funeral will be held to-morrow,
postponed a day beyond the original1
plans. It will be in the grand style
Naples would not permit, any less
honor to her best-loved son and the ;
column of mourners will start from
the San Francisco Paola Cathedral, .
! to which the body will first b.
i corted to receive the blessing of the
Bishop of Naples.
At the direction of Mrs. Caruso, a
death-mask of Caruso was taken to?
day by the well known sculptor Signer
Cifariello, who will use it in the crea-;
? tion of a bust.
"Let Mo Sleep," His Last Words
NAPLES, Aug. .! (By The Associated
Press).- Mrs. Car aso to-day told The
Associated Press that her husband's
last words were. "Let me sleep."
Lntil a few hours before death, Mrs. ?
('atuso added, the singer had expressed
the \.o\w that he would recover, saying,
"1 must get well, because 1 must return
to the United States and fulfill my-con
An imposing ceremony will at?
tend the burial of Caruso to-morrow in
the family vault here, after the funeral
services in the cathedral. The Mayor
and Prefect of Naples will speak in
. ' of the city and government, re
? vi Ij. and it in probable that the
American Consul will deliver a brief
ss in behalt of the American gov?
ernment and the city of New York,
wl ich Caruso called his second home. :
Scenes of extreme pathos were en
ct . all day at the Hotel V?suve,
following the death of the man ac?
knowledged to be the premier tenor of
li : i generation.
Of the thousands who passed his
! bier to-day there was none whose per?
sonal grief was not apparent.
When the little daughter Gloria was
taken in to see the body of her father
she only knew that something dread
in! lad happened. Mrs. Caruso is bear?
ing her sorrow with fortitude.
When the godmother of the singer,
Signora Mana Castaldi, came to the
hotel to inquire how Caruso was faring.
..Continuel.' on page six)
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ICcut IJar?? tribune
Charges of Trafficking in
Confidential Reports on
Corporations Will Be
Ci ven Thorough Airing
Assertion Made Sale of
Secrets Has Prevented
Prosecution* for Fraud
From '!'!??- Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. Charges of
irregularities in the conduct of the
affairs of the Bureau of Interna! Rev?-I
nue are to be made the subject of a
thorough inquiry, it was said to-night
by Commissioner David H. Blair.
"Certain charges, more or less sen?
sational and some of them of a serious
character, have been made against the
conduct of affairs in the bureau," the I
commissioner said. "Many of these:
charges have emanated from within :
the bureau, while others have been |
made by outsiders.
"Any circumstances that will tend
to support a charge that income tax
rase.- 'or other matters handled by the
bureau are not disposed of according
to the law and regulations are proper
subjects for the most sweeping: investi?
gation. After a cursory investigation
myself 1 have decided that a thorough
inquiry is necessary and 'nave directed
that hearings be held. Each witness
will be examined under oath and a
full stenographic record will be made
of the proceedings. When the time
cornos 1 shall review the record and
determine what action is necessary.
"I have issued instructions that the
investigation be full and impartial, as
I want to get the exact facts, regard
les? of consequences.
"The findings will be made public
upon the conclusion- of the hearings
and my review of the testimony. It
is impossible at this time to give even
a tentative date because of the large
number of witnesses and the investi
gation necessary in each individual
Commissioner Blair said be did not
believe there were as many cases of
irregularity in the bureau as charged
by Governor Allen of Kansas and
The investigation will be conducted
by Assistant Comnff ssioner Matson.
Conditions in the local office will be
dealt with, such as the giving out of
information regarding the income tax
statements of corporations and collu?
sion between persons in the bureau and
Persons implicated will suffer the
full penalty of the law, and it is in?
tended that a clean .sweep shall be
made of all offenders. Light will be
shed upon the method?- of lawyers in
the employ of the bureau, who, it is
said, engage in questionable dealings.
Il is charged that persons in posse?-;
sion of confidential information within '
the bureau heve been taking fees from I
persons employed by offenders charged
with violation of revenue laws in an
effort to quash or successfully dispose
of the eases.
Evidence (iiven Blair
TOPEKA, Kan., Aug. 3. Governor
Allen said to-night he was glad of the
coming opportunity to prove his
The Governor said he had already
t.tiiicd over certain evidence to Com?
missioner Blair and that considerable
correspondence bad passed between ?
The charges referred to were made
in a copyrighted news story which ap?
peared in the Governor's newspaper,
The Wichita Beacon, a few weeks ago,
accompanied by a statement signed by
the Governor to the effect that he had
investigated the charges and was sat?
isfied of their truth.
The Governor alleged that former
Democratic Congressmen and govern?
ment attaches, acting as agents for
large payers of income and excess
profits taxes, have been using their in?
fluence to obtain reductions in tit
amount. These cases have been taken,
it was chai re?, on a commission basis,
and it is alleged that certain employees
in the Treasury Department have
shared in the money.
14,000 in Serbian Jails
As Assassin Suspects
Prisoners Racked anil Roasted
in Hunt for Prince's Assail?
ant, Vienna Paper Says
VIENNA, Aue;. 3. More than 14,000
persons are undei arrest in Ser
connection with the attempt made the
latter part of .Tune to assas nat ?
Prince Alexander, Regent of Jugo?
slavia, near the National As
Building in Belgrade, where the As?
sembly was in session for the purpose
of adopting a constitution, according to
the Arbeiter Zeit ung.
The newspaper asserts that accused
persons are being racked and hung in
chimneys or over fires it: order to force
them to give evidence concerning the
attempt on the Regent.
Rye Schools Stay Shut
To Avert Caddie Famine
Tourney to Which Harding and
Taft Are Invited Means
$1,500 Fees to Roys
Special Dispatch to The Tr bune
RYE, X. Y".. Aug. 3. -The Board of
Education to-day voted to defer open?
ing of the schools from September 12
to September 19 in order that there
may be no dearth of caddies when
President Harding, Chief Justice Taft
and 500 other participants in the Apa
wamis seniors' annual golf tournament
Tilomas P. y rr.es ir. was the only
trustee who Mr. Byrnes said
the schools should not be run to ac?
commodate the Apawamis Club and
tin* the tournament should be held
during the vacation period if the club
needed I..ys. Horace L. Hoti
head of the tournament and of the
Seniors Golf Association of the United
?-'ta:.'-, informed tho board that up?
ward of $ 1,500 would be spent on cad
fees during the tourney and he
wanted Rye boya to get the money.
Red Troops Joining
In March on Moscow
Allied Supreme Council
to Seek Overthrow of
SoviM Regime Through
Relief Work. Paris Hears
Harvey to Voice
Amer i ea's Views
L?nine Permits Return
to Moscow of Savinkov,,
Arch-Foe of Bolshevik i
By Wilbur Forrest
F-prcini Cable to The ;"
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune
PARIS, Aug. 3.?-The problem of
inter-Allied aid to famine stricken
Russia, in cooperation with the
United States, which will be
cussed at the forthcoming session of
the Supreme Council on Aug .
assumed a more important aspo. ;
to-day, when it was learned that the
premiers will enter upon their? dis?
cussion with an entirely new view o?
This involves the death of the Bol?
shevik government and the estab?
lishment of a more stable r?gime
with which open international rela?
tions may be again resumed.
With this in mind, it is bclievt : here
to-night that the .Supreme Council
. ict 'i;- will result, in a decision to ex?
tend liberal Allied aid, although there
will be some guarded fencing to protect
the interests of all the nations in?
Harvey May Speak for V. S.
It is highly possible that Colonel
George Harvey, United States Ambas?
sador to the Court of St. James's, will
act as something' more than an ob
server when the Russian question
com.-..- up for discussion, and may, on
instructions from Washington, present
the attitude of the Harding Adminis?
tration verbally to the Allied premiers.
Tho Tribune correspondent learns
from sources in close touch with Mos?
cow that Premier Lenirie, through the
intervention of Winston Churchill,
British Colonial Secretary, has agreed
to allow the return t.. Moscow of Sa?
vinkov, the most powerful anti-Red
leader. He will participate there in
the formation of a more moderate
government in exchange for his agree?
ment to call off counter revolutionary
Savinkov. whose headquarters has
been at Prague, but who has been oper?
ating in the region of Minsk, is known
to have been seeking an arrangement
with General Pilsudski, of the Polish
at my, for a united anti-Bolshevik mili?
tary offensive ag?ins< Russia.
Savinkov to Direct Task
Both Food Dictator Trotzky and
Djerzynski, who is n sponsil
expedition of food shipments, have be
come exceedingly unpopular in Russia
as a result of the prei ei I catast rophe.
Their elimination is regarded ?
minent, and along with them will go a
lot. of lesser hangers-on, Savinko1 v.
then return to Moscow and participai ?
in a new coalition r?gime, which wi'l
take the form of a
Revolutionary .croup in which no So
, ietism will be tolerated.
The question of succoring Russia,
from the humanitarian standpoint, is
admitted in advance of the Supreme
Council meeting as merely camouflage,
while the real solicitude ri
around the renewed political stat
the former emitir?. The result prob?
ably will be the death of the
The Russia of thi .vill become
either a group of powerful soviets or
a great nation, whose trade gra
will become as valuable as in the days
( 'mirenill's act ion '. - valua
land from the point of view of trade,
and also safeguards Great Britain by
placing her on the ground floor
as friendship with the new r?gime is
France's immediate ol :ect will be the
recover'.- ol a billion francs in old
debts, which the coalition .
will recognize. ' Ither na
II nderstood Prem er Briand will
be re:. to i form to thi itt itude of
the United States on the
tio ' ? is assured, however, 1
ral i ' ' : , f
Premier Briand i at cabli i t he F rench
.-;? in Washington to i tit
rotary Hoover that the Pa
merit is ? ? ictioi
taken by the Unit i Statt n aiding;
Russia, even before the meeting of the
All Americans Freed
RIGA, Aug. 3 (By The \sso
dated Press).? American prison
ers in Russia already have I
released from confinement, a<
cording to unofficial report? at the
Bolshevik Legation Press Bui
here to-day, but there was no
word as to the number released
or when, how or where they will
be delivered across the border.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 3.?The
stale Department is without offi?
cial confirmation concerning the
release'of American prisoners by
the Soviel government. This gov?
ernment must he informed offi
? ry American pris
held by the Soviet is safely
across the frontier before it will
permit American supplies of food
and other i ec< ssaries to enter
W. P. G. Harding
Near Fist Fight
Reserve Boat:! Head Tries
lo Hit Kx-Compfoller
at Congressional Hear?
ing, hut Crowd Preven?s
Li? Passed to Gov. Strong
Former Curreney Oflirial
Resents Charges Read by
New Yorker in Repor!
WASHINGTON, Aug. ? ?ism of
the Federal Reserve System's credit
policies, which was continued t?-day
before a Congressional commission by
'John Skelton Williams, former I
of the Currency, aroused re?
sent tnei ? part of the
? wo h gh is) officer ?, W, P. G. Har
d ing, < i ove rnor of the Reservi Boai >;.
and Governor Strong of the New Von.
? ? ?tank.
In one of the frequent verbal inter?
changes Governor Harding charged
committee room swinging
halted by struggling
.? of his
sary, ? I i d cool, lo.;* was rising
for i ter,
A few minutes later Mr Strong, while
which Mr. Williams ivitl
'fa e and misli iding1 ta temei ts," was
ipted by the former I
? Teat si atemenl of yours i? f
Governor Strong, however, conl
.: and presently refer/ed to Mr,
ns as t>i .".^r "jealous of his pre?
"And that':? a lie, too!" -he latter in
ti :? :ted
"AI this point, I request tl
tee to require the Comptroller to make
oath, whether he has state.i the whole
or not," Govei nor Stroi g e:
c c 1 a i i ?
? nai \; .on ruled am
confusion that it was ' not fi a
adopt the po .-?. ai : : itagi oi the
a number of associates, had sal ap
parentij unmoved during two days,
ah ? .- with an a : num
bei manj Senators and Repi ??
I -'.- ith the
.i: * ongress, while Mr. William
three general charges. He said
undue to a NTew York banking
p during the ist two y< ;-r< for
dation in Southern and Wester,, agri
ral districts, and that it had al
rest cha i ge -
and general fa ed to ease down in
G ivernor Harding to-day rose out of
the audience and demanded a hearing
on persona] 'rr.'c<".-'.^~. to deny allega
- rni irg himsel :' as M r. W !
correspi to cotnbat
Mr. Williams's criticisms.
read by M r. Will
, he had sent to his associates on the
(Continued on next pagt)
35 Seized in First Wholesale
Cigarette Raid in Kansas
Special Dispatch to The 1 ibune
TOPEKA, Kan., Aug. 3. The first
wholesale cigarette raid in Kansas un?
der the state law was made here late
to-day when the si ite arrested members
of thirty-five firms and sefzed several
thousand cartons of cigarettes. Ar?
rests were made under complaints
sworn to by members of the Anti
Cigarette League, an orgi
: 01 med in the state !?st winter b
Page Gaston, of Chicago, The I
raid is regarded as t series
of cam] ai| trger towns
? o enforce t he law eguinsl > ?
In many ways the cigarette ranis
recalled early compa gns in Kan
('arrie Nation, when she made her
light on the saloons. Property was
not destroyed to-day, however, . nd of
ficera made rauis under search and
?cizure warrants on evidence obtained
. by league spotters.
1 Ministers, reform advocates and many
women have been active in co: i
en one of the
aggressive campaigners against
the cigarette, AM of the larger towns
state are being organized by the
igarette League. it has taken
over tl ? ry of the former Anti
League and State Tern:
Unioi " ??? ill invade other
effort to es
ol ca ??: the law ha
in the state. i
1 i en on the ? tai u1 - boo
An attempt to broaden it; scope and
pre vidt -??:?.: for pi
. igarel I es w is beaten dur
er attempt v...; be made in the
: i I session, rhe present
sale of cigaretti ncanor, pun?
ishable by a fine
? ach sal,..
The raid in Topeka included drup
stores, tobacco stores and pool halls
Trenr?irs I hip and <.-ir *
Mounted \hout tapHftl
to Resist -Vttark: I ?
of Soviet ?* Predicted
00.000 Deserted in One
Province; l-'ood Trains
Looted. Towns Burned
By Joseph Shaplen
Special Cablr to Th? Tribun?
< ropj i : I ' l"lt 1 fC< n "i 01 k Ti Ibur
BERLIN, Aug. 3.- Red troops
to It;.It the six million hunger
driven peasants advancing over the
provinces of Tambov, Voronezh and
Penza toward Moscow, have joined
the peasant.; and are now moving on
the capital of ; republic,
the Tribune corre: pondenl was in?
formell to-day I e in close
toucha tions in Russia. The
government is hurriedly preparing
for the defense of the city.
Tin peasants are moving chiefly
in four directions toward Moscow.
Siberia, the Cauca us and Ukraine.
The peasants of Western Russia ?re
now all on the u-u\r and famine
stricket) mobs have reached Smo
far have failed. The situation
iri Samara and Saral
most critical. Drivei
by hunger and i easants
are di theii tiren, the
numbi e aba
? eai h
Soviet Downfall Forcrast
ure of this cat a I rqph(.
? .-. of Bo vik rule, oi
certain?that the disaster is boui
reach which the world
een bi ir< arid * hat thifl
Ma im Gorky, I
at tempt I - gel
fors this v.- : will leave
any large i
? ??>?' ? ?
, ng gen I
by mobs, wl ie the
?ho r]. -
. -. re
than five eai s
.??': ten to
Bti m the tide,
: . pop im i ne by
: hu Ka1 i
i " ? te." _
Sovie? Pros in Desperate Plight
flect ' political
? eh the
. tor the
alive ; top of its
ave the gov
! e k s.
the e ?'
the out i ? igned the
comme;, .;. ? eat Britain
rts to place
foreig nything excen
oi the Icadinj
. ttee o
LONDON, Aug. 3 ? By The Associates
Press;.? Hunger-stric le tn thi
famine i are settin?
them - sia, accord
I ateh to th
1 N'e.vs Agency. Many village
be in flatfles
From the am source it was re
ported that great preparations were b*
:ng made to deal with 'he masses o
? toward Moscov
Many dug abon
the city, and much war materiel, ii
? n installe?
1er telegrams received at He
garr?s? n had mutinied aga
Tchitchenn Charges Kxaggeration
Famine condit ?? Volga pro
? ??? rge ! Bolshevik Minist
of Foreign -\:T.-:r> has declared in
Daily Herald. M. Tchitcherin, ho'
evei ne?... r< .. i .
; :t.ills' ;.? ? ? . ?id'y r
? : y int
stricken districts," the newspj,p
te8 the dispatch as savins, "b
some of the frightful tales circul?t
, throughout western Europe emina